12/09/2013 World News Today


12/09/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. Confirmation from

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Syria's resident Bashar al-Assad says he will hand them over but

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Syria's resident Bashar al-Assad if the Americans remove their threat

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of using force. This will not happen unilaterally. It is a two sided

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process. Waste firstly on America stopping its threats to Syria.

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President's comments come as John Kerry meets his Russian counterpart

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agreement on Syria. Is Washington having to follow Moscow's lead in

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animals. Now Africa's vultures themselves are under threat because

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they are dying from poachers that -- poisons the poachers used to kill

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elephants and rhinos. It is easy to see why vultures get such bad pub

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But the threat to their existence is a real worry and the problem is

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We have a and liftoff. And it is armed with rock music and a message

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from President Nixon, so what has happened to the Voyager spacecraft

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in outer space nearly 40 years after Hello, and welcome. Syria's resident

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Bashar al-Assad says he will put his country's chemical weapons under

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international control but only if the enough to know -- United States

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stop threatening military action and if other countries supporting the

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rebels in Syria also abide by the agreement. His comments come as

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rebels in Syria also abide by the US Secretary of State John Kerry and

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counterpart Sergei Lavrov week in welcomed the ideas put forward by

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Syria but he said the process was not a game and that Syria's actions

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had to be real, competitive and timely. We are serious, Mr prime

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Minister, we are serious as you Russia, based on that, has bought

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pressure on the Assad regime. Only Russia, based on that, has bought

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the Assad regime to acknowledge Russia, based on that, has bought

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Russian, and he said the Syrians wanted to make comprises. Transition

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macro I am not prepared with the wanted to make comprises. Transition

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extended statements with the Syrian problem because our fridges are

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clear, and they are stated in the president's article in the New York

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Times and I am convinced you have have decided not to lay out the

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position here. I am sure that the American position showed they would

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like to find mutual consensus and hope we will achieve all of these

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excesses. Earlier today, in an officially for the first time, that

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Syria has chemical weapons. He said the key to this process is that

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Russia is involved, and he does the key to this process is that

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TRANSLATION: I want to say this clearly. This will not will not

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happen unilaterally. It is based on America stopping its threats to

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Syria and also the extent to which fulfilled. When we see that the

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Syria and also the extent to which wants stability in our region and

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stops threatening us and preparing supplying terrorists with weapons,

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we will be able to finalise all supplying terrorists with weapons,

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necessary processes and they will be acceptable from a Syrian point of

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view. It is not one-sided. Russia has the most important role. We

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view. It is not one-sided. Russia no links and no trust with the US.

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Russia is the only country that no links and no trust with the US.

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fulfil this role now. Our diplomatic correspondent is in Geneva and joins

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us now. Those two gentlemen have minutes, we gave a taste of what

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they had to say, you have been listening, anything else you wish to

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imports to us about what the two men remarkable. First they were speaking

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ahead of a really tough negotiation remarkable. First they were speaking

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that we expect to go on for a couple of days. There was an attempt at

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warmth from both of them, John Kerry kneeling, Sergei Lavrov said there

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was no need for a threat of military force. On the other side, John Kerry

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declaration of the chemical weapons made clear that he thought that

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declaration of the chemical weapons case, that -- tonight John Kerry was

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declaration of the chemical weapons men between the two days about the

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politics and the practicalities men between the two days about the

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following up on what has for them being a relatively positive start.

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The admission by President Assad that he is finally cleared to accept

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the conditions of the chemical disarmament. There is a real gap in

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inclined to say this shows good intention, let's allow this process

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to unfold. The Americans are saying credibility and we have too called

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him to account and keep the threat of military force held over him

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him to account and keep the threat case he should fail to keep these

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promises. We have also had the year-end and that the UN and Arab

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League envoy Lakhdar Brahimi talking to John Kerry, what was discussed?

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This was really important. I cannot shed much light on the content of

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these private talks but what is important is the symbolism and where

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it might lead. Lakhdar Brahimi is central to the political process

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which is designed, however distant that prospect may seem, designed to

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bring a resolution to the civil that prospect may seem, designed to

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transitional government which could command the respect of the large

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majority of Syria's people. That is a big mission. The fact that Lakhdar

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Brahimi has been involved means a big mission. The fact that Lakhdar

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both sides say they are committed to reviving a much wider process of

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bringing peace to Syria, not just dealing with the issue, however

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important, it's chemical weapons. Thank you very much for that. Let's

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discuss this some more. In Moscow tonight we have Dimitry Babich,

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political analyst for Voice of Russia radio, and with me here in

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Dormandy, . First of all, this is important for Russia, it is also

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important for Russia that they tried to steal a march on the Americans,

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isn't it? Maybe, but I think the main purpose of Russia in this

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that Lakhdar Brahimi became first situation is to avert the bombing of

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that Lakhdar Brahimi became first Saint Petersburg where he tried

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that Lakhdar Brahimi became first influence the G20. And now he is

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participating in this peace process in Geneva. The main thing for Russia

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is that the military strike seems to have been averted for the moment.

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humiliating for the Americans that have been averted for the moment.

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United States tried to come up with various parties together. We have

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have political negotiations, that is the solution, and it has been unable

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to come to pass. The Americans say the only way to force the Syrians to

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the table is through force. The Russians say, no no, the Syrians are

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quite serious about this and are not willing to take the next step. This

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is one more indication, and we will learn a lot over the knot couple of

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days as to whether the Syrians are serious this time. And are the

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Russians serious. The Russians have staked their credibility on Bashar

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al-Assad, he has got to do what staked their credibility on Bashar

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said he is going to do, and not staked their credibility on Bashar

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all of these conditions, it is only if people stop supporting rebels or

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America backs down on its threat of force, if you does not deliver it

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will that bad for -- look bad for Russia. The process has to be two

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sided, come from both sides. The idea behind Geneva was that the

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Russians will bring Bashar al-Assad to the negotiating table and the

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Americans would bring the Syrian opposition to the table. Bashar

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al-Assad al-Sadr, bad as he is, agreed to come to this negotiation

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several months ago. The problem agreed to come to this negotiation

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with the Syrian coalition which refused to negotiate. They have

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with the Syrian coalition which refused the offer, the Russian

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offer, turned down a proposal by Russia to hand over chemical weapons

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in Syria. I think part of the lane for future failure, if it happens, I

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hope it will not, -- the blame, for future failure, if it happens, I

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be on the Syrian radical opposition. But the international community

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be on the Syrian radical opposition. it was Bashar al-Assad's weapons

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that were used, and the states Convention therefore there is a

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greater burden for it to do as the Petersburg, we saw a lot of states,

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not only Russia and China but also Brazil, Italy, Germany, and the

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other countries, were sceptical about the proposal of air strikes

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against the Syrian government. They version about the Syrian government

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otherwise for any kind of military using these weapons until the UN

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otherwise for any kind of military strike. In a way, that Russian's

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otherwise for any kind of military diplomatic initiative has got the

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Americans off the hook, given Obama time? Everyone wants the long-term

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solution which is peace in the region, that is the region that

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solution which is peace in the are all working towards. How do

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solution which is peace in the get there? What we are dealing with

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independent in some respects from chemical weapons so we are now

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independent in some respects from this broader effort to bring peace

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to the region. Everyone has to do is solution. The question is, how do we

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deal with this? What has become abundantly clear, Assad was not

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willing to come to the table until forced might be used. Nobody wants

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to use force, we would much prefer to use other instruments. But if it

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is necessary, it is what it should be used to prevent the slaughter.

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And you think that might push into the negotiating table? The Americans

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do not want to use force is, it the negotiating table? The Americans

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not their first choice. But if that To other news, and North Korea has

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been threatening to restart its Yongbyon nuclear facility for months

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at images have emerged that these threats might be in the process

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at images have emerged that these being carried out. According to

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at images have emerged that these US Institute, steam has been seen

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rising from a reactor used to make plutonium and the Russia authorities

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say we could now be looking at a This picture shows the Yongbyon

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complex in April last year. You This picture shows the Yongbyon

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see construction taking place where American researchers say the latest

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image shows steam rising above this turbine building at the Yongbyon

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site. It might signal operations have started again. The reactor

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looks like it either is or will within a matter of days be fully

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happens, it will start producing plutonium. What North Korea will

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probably do is wait for a long period of time and pull the fuel out

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Yongbyon has been suspended twice under international agreements.

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Yongbyon has been suspended twice spent fuel rods it produces can

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Yongbyon has been suspended twice used to make plutonium for use in

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nuclear bombs. Five years ago, North Korea blew up the cooling tower

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nuclear bombs. Five years ago, North as a side of its commitment to

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vowed to restart it. Officials in peace. But as tensions with the

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vowed to restart it. Officials in South Korea today refused to comment

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on the new photographs. TRANSLATION: Sometimes it is not helpful to let

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on the new photographs. TRANSLATION: you know the information we have.

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Therefore we cannot confirm the you know the information we have.

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Therefore we cannot confirm the report. However, let me clearly

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Therefore we cannot confirm the the related movement of North Korea.

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Therefore we cannot confirm the signal a test or worse a man-made

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Therefore we cannot confirm the accident. Many on both sides of

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Therefore we cannot confirm the Pacific will be worrying that it

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Therefore we cannot confirm the signals another step towards a North

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Korean nuclear arsenal. In Some signals another step towards a North

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Iran's Park macro new envoy to the UN nuclear agency says he will

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co-opt rate with it to resolve UN nuclear agency says he will

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-- remaining issues. -- Iran's Park Muslim rebels have attacked another

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town in the Philippines. There has been fighting in the port city of

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Zamboanga for the past four macro days and it has now spread to the

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island of Basilan. The rebels are from the Moro National Liberation

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Front, which has been left out of announced plans to privatise the

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postal service. The sale of Royal mail is expected to raise up to

:17:11.:17:18.

postal service. The sale of Royal shares will be given to staff. The

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University of Nottingham opposes the move and will ballot its members on

:17:21.:17:35.

Officials at Kensington Palace see the Duke of Cambridge is considering

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various options for public service after leaving the military this

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year. They described this as a It is a moment he has always known

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it was inevitable, when he has to operational office and step into a

:17:57.:18:05.

full-time role in support of his grandmother and the Royal family. It

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means that Flight Lieutenant William Wales has flown his last mission as

:18:10.:18:12.

an RAF search and rescue pilot, Wales has flown his last mission as

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role for which he started to train nearly five years ago. During his

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time with the RAF he has taken part in more than 150 rescue operations

:18:21.:18:25.

and saved a good many lives. It in more than 150 rescue operations

:18:25.:18:30.

job he loves, as he made clear earlier this year. To be able to see

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a son or a daughter's face when earlier this year. To be able to see

:18:36.:18:44.

bring back somebody to them, it earlier this year. To be able to see

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quite powerful, and we have a good time doing it, flying is exciting,

:18:47.:18:53.

so it is a great job. Duty of a different kind is calling now.

:18:53.:18:58.

William's life has undergone one fundamental change with the birth of

:18:58.:19:02.

his and his wife's son George. One fundamental change with the birth of

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his and his wife's son George. One supporting nature conservation in

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foreign tours, pointing the way Africa. William will also do more in

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foreign tours, pointing the way towards the day, many years hence

:19:24.:19:24.

public engagements William fulfils towards the day, many years hence

:19:24.:19:37.

public engagements William fulfils over the next 12 months. He is

:19:37.:19:41.

public engagements William fulfils future public service and there

:19:41.:19:52.

public engagements William fulfils wants to spend more time on projects

:19:52.:19:56.

public engagements William fulfils like conservation work in Africa and

:19:56.:19:58.

public engagements William fulfils right now he and the Duchess of

:19:58.:20:03.

in London where the work of five charities is being highlighted,

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including a South African group helping to preserve vultures. The

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giant birds are under threat from poachers. It is not that the birds

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are being hunted, they are dying from eating dead elephants and

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From the mountains they approach. Step by step and they cautiously

:20:33.:20:41.

home in on their meal of the day. Their job is to clean the flesh

:20:41.:20:44.

home in on their meal of the day. the bones that nature leaves lying

:20:44.:20:52.

of these Cape vultures in the world and it is human activity threatening

:20:52.:20:53.

their numbers. When you see the and it is human activity threatening

:20:53.:21:04.

carcasses of dead animals, it is easy to see why vultures get such

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bad publicity. But the threat to their existence is a real worry

:21:10.:21:16.

bad publicity. But the threat to the problem is getting worse. Over

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600 rhinos have been poached in South Africa this year. Poachers

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lace the carcasses with poison, killing the vultures so they do

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lace the carcasses with poison, VulPro vulture sanctuary they are

:21:32.:21:38.

trying to help. This poisoned bird will be let back into the wild as

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soon as it recovers but staff here fear they are fighting a losing

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battle. All you need is one poisoned rhino or elephant and you can kill

:21:48.:21:55.

600 vultures. During breeding season is potentially their chicks as well.

:21:55.:22:09.

You are looking at 1200 birds. It is not just vultures suffering. People

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don't realise the ecological role the environment we will feel the

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impact. There will be a number of human health issues. They come from

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first time that a human made object Asia, where rabies has decreased

:22:28.:23:16.

first time that a human made object has left the solar system. Hello

:23:16.:23:20.

from the children of planet Earth. It carries recordings of children

:23:20.:23:24.

saying hello, there is classical and rock music and a welcome message

:23:24.:23:30.

from President Nixon. Who knows rock music and a welcome message

:23:30.:23:33.

any alien species will stumble across it and what they would make

:23:33.:23:36.

of all that. To talk about this across it and what they would make

:23:36.:23:41.

our science correspondent. Explain what we mean I this being the first

:23:41.:23:47.

man-made object to leave the solar system. -- mean by this being. This

:23:47.:23:54.

is, but Katie. The solar system system. -- mean by this being. This

:23:54.:24:00.

defined by anywhere that is affected by the sun. -- this is complicated.

:24:00.:24:09.

It gets to a point where particles from the Sun start to meet particles

:24:09.:24:16.

being held out from other galaxies. When the two me there is a boundary

:24:16.:24:20.

and it crossed that on the 25th When the two me there is a boundary

:24:20.:24:30.

interstellar space? I can't even see spacecraft is 19 billion kilometres

:24:30.:24:46.

unimaginable distance. It set off in 1977 so it has been on an epic

:24:46.:24:51.

journey. It was originally put up in space to study planets in our solar

:24:51.:24:54.

system and it could have passed space to study planets in our solar

:24:54.:24:58.

by and kept on going and going and going until it has crossed this

:24:58.:25:06.

boundary. We think this is a cold, dark place, interstellar space,

:25:06.:25:10.

boundary. We think this is a cold, of gas and asked from exploded stars

:25:10.:25:11.

gas and dust. It is a long time of gas and asked from exploded stars

:25:11.:25:27.

space. Yes, it has inspired a lot of people. It passed Jupiter and saw

:25:27.:25:32.

the incredible big red spot on Jupiter and found that this was

:25:32.:25:37.

actually an enormous raging storm across the planet, which is kind of

:25:37.:25:39.

incredible. It went past Saturn across the planet, which is kind of

:25:39.:25:46.

gave the first images of its rings. These images inspired a generation

:25:46.:25:57.

can we see, what can we find? For information back? It has just made

:25:57.:26:07.

interstellar space and it only has a few more years before its power

:26:07.:26:11.

goes. It is powered by plutonium and that is running out. After that

:26:11.:26:25.

goes. It is powered by plutonium and that message? I can't remember.That

:26:25.:26:25.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei that message? I can't remember.That

:26:25.:26:47.

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