26/09/2013 World News Today


26/09/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. An unprecedented

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diplomatic offensive in New York over Iran's nuclear programme -

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diplomatic offensive in New York there a new spirit of openness and

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friendship from Tehran? Iran's new president addresses the UN again,

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this time about the nuclear issue. He says no country - including his

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own, presumably - should possess nuclear weapons. Kenya's most wanted

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- international police issue their highest arrest alert for a female

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British suspect - the widow of one of London's 7/7 bombers. Also coming

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up: Have the Spanish authorities of London's 7/7 bombers. Also coming

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up: Have the Spanish authorities clocked why many of their citizens

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don't get enough sleep? The country debates changing its timezone. And

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why a day devoted day to a famous beer has left a bitter taste for

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Hello and welcome. In the next couple of hours or so, the highest

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level bi-lateral face to face talks in six years between the US and

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level bi-lateral face to face talks are due to take place, when US

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Secretary of State John Kerry and sidelines of the UN General Assembly

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hoping that this will help bury sidelines of the UN General Assembly

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hatchet between the two nations sidelines of the UN General Assembly

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facilitate some kind of breakthrough in the international negotiations

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over Iran's nuclear programme. nuclear weapons. Nick Bryant has

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over Iran's nuclear programme. His predecessor used to spark mass

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when the new Iranian president speaks, diplomats listen to every

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word. This morning they had Hassan speaks, diplomats listen to every

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of their use and proliferation, speaks, diplomats listen to every

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exist. The only absolute guarantee But his words outside the General

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significant, especially the possible time frame he outlined for a deal

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over Iran's nuclear programme. Earlier this week, William Hague met

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the new Iranian Foreign Minister. offensive is for real? Before Iran

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asks other countries to do these things, of course we want to see the

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transparency and concrete steps things, of course we want to see the

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Iran that allow it to talk to the rest of the world. The Iranian

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president also has an audience back economy has been hit hard by years

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of sanctions. A nuclear deal would lead to an easing of the sanctions.

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The economic sanctions are vital. They are having a tangible effect on

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the Iranian economy. Oil exporter plummeting all the time. -- oil

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exports are plummeting. The main in order are the sanctions. The

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Iranian president turned down the chance of an historic handshake

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Iranian president turned down the Barack Obama earlier this week.

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Within the next few weeks there Barack Obama earlier this week.

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be high-level talks between the foreign ministers of both countries,

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an early test of whether words will Director of nonproliferation and

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you think there is a new spirit Director of nonproliferation and

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openness and friendship from Iran and Washington? French ship may

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openness and friendship from Iran going too far, but there is a new

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spirit, hopeful is to make progress. -- French ship. There is a window of

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opportunity. Whether both sides -- French ship. There is a window of

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put forward the compromise is, I am hardliners in both countries. It is

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the Conservative faction in Iran and hardliners in both countries. It is

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the Conservative faction in Iran and a lot of hostility towards Iran

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the Conservative faction in Iran and Congress? There is a lot. Congress

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would have to lift some of the sanctions. President Obama has a lot

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of authority to lift some of the nonproliferation commitment to? If

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Iran tried to sneak out today, they would be caught and the world would

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be alerted. As they develop their time becomes shorter. The worry

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be alerted. As they develop their that by next summer it will be so

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short that the inspectors would that by next summer it will be so

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When the director of the IAEA said recently that we would know within a

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week if the Iranians tried to enrich their uranium to weapons grade

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inspect on average once a week. their uranium to weapons grade

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Iran tried to break out it would take them several weeks to do so. By

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next summer, those several weeks would shrink to a couple of weeks.

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Maybe the IAEA -- IAEA would be would shrink to a couple of weeks.

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there has been an accident. You could construct scenarios where

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there has been an accident. You could sneak out. That is what the

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United States and its allies want to avoid. What about the possibility of

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uranium at a plant unknown to the IAEA? That is another concern. Since

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Iran has said they were not declare a new facilities until they are

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ready to operate, they probably a new facilities until they are

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some facilities under construction now and maybe they would forget

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some facilities under construction declare them. There are various

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possibilities. Iran has not been so good about keeping its facilities

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agencies have discovered one after another. Neither side can be certain

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that will continue to be the case. We always get this debate, Iran

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that will continue to be the case. civilian purposes. What would the

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point be for Iran if it wanted to just build nuclear weapons, to just

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build bomb? They would not be any .2 build one bomb. That would not

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constitute a nuclear deterrent. build one bomb. That would not

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would want to build several. That is calculated in terms of more than one

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bomb. By the time they build one bomb everybody would know? Right.

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And they would probably be an attack on that one bomb. It is risky for

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reacting? It sounds like that is what you are saying. We cannot say

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that Iran wants to build a nuclear is a nuclear hedging strategy.

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that Iran wants to build a nuclear are pretty clear about it. They

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that Iran wants to build a nuclear defensive purpose here. They say

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in Kenya still try to recover bodies Interpol has issued an international

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in Kenya still try to recover bodies wanted persons alert for a British

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Samantha Lewthwaite, the widow of wanted persons alert for a British

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one of the London 7/7 bombers, in wanted persons alert for a British

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connection with a suspected bomb plot two years ago. But there's

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connection with a suspected bomb speculation that she took part in

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the shopping mall attack in Nairobi speculation that she took part in

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the shopping mall attack in Nairobi possible link to Al-Shabab and to

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the Nairobi attack. The alert does Saturday's devastating assault and

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subsequent stand-off. As the Kenyan military moved out, and the security

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operation Weinstein, the forensic teams are moving in. Britain is

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operation Weinstein, the forensic involved in trying to find and tours

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remain. There is a clear need to manage expectations. It could take

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some time. We want to know who is we now need to let the professionals

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do their job. This is the black we now need to let the professionals

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of destruction that was the shopping centre car park. The three floors

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gave way, bringing concrete and centre car park. The three floors

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crashing down in the intense fire which ravaged this part of the

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centre. Was it started deliberately by the attackers are caused by

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security force effort to get it under control? Meanwhile, more

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remarkable tales of survival are emerging. This woman found herself

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lying next to it fatally injured took a lot of his blood and put

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lying next to it fatally injured on myself. I put it on my arm. I

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covered my face with my hair. Just probably badly injured. As ordinary

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following the events of the last few days, crowds have formed to donate

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blood. All part of an effort by days, crowds have formed to donate

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nation in mourning to overcome the trauma of what has happened. But

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Kenya continues to count the cost. As the grieving relatives of victims

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collect the remains of their loved ones, what will be followed this be

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in the and beyond? -- fallout. Now to a region which has known more

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than its share of attacks - Kashmir. Indian-administered Kashmir, several

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police and army officers have been killed when militants attacked a

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army camp. India's Prime Minister police station. They then stormed an

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army camp. India's Prime Minister insists the attack will not derail

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talks with Pakistan. Andrew North Indian troops under a surprise

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wounded. Militants are inside the Indian base. The deputy commander is

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among the casualties. Reinforcements are called in. The gunmen are still

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fighting. It is one of the most Kashmir for some time. Just as

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fighting. It is one of the most Prime Minister is due to meet his

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Nations. It is an old pattern. When surges. Indian officials say talks

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Nations. It is an old pattern. When injustice to all those brave people

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And the rest of us have failed. injustice to all those brave people

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And the rest of us have failed. The threat of war is never far away.

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Clashes this year have killed over 120 soldiers and civilians. Some say

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India makes things works with its tactics in Kashmir. -- worse. There

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are fears this latest attack in Kashmir may be a taste of what is to

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Tens of thousands of people made homeless by a earthquake in Pakistan

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are still waiting for help two days after it struck. Getting aid to

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are still waiting for help two days of the affected area in Balochistan

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is difficult, parts are controlled by Islamists. And we're getting

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helicopter has even come under fire. More than three hundred people are

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known to have been killed by the quake. -- 300. Alpa Patel reports.

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The devastation in some areas is survive are desperate. With rescue

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teams struggling to reach remote areas, all people can do is dig

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teams struggling to reach remote their hands. This man says the

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Government has not given an evening to the earthquake victims. They

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Government has not given an evening not even have a tent to give their

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families temporary shelter. They are getting by night but in the date is

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extremely hot. It is difficult for the without shelter. They have two

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fine food and have no way to cook. The earthquake was centred in our

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run district in Balochistan. The affected area is vast. -- Awaran.

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Many people have limited or no access to food or water. The injured

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are unable to get medical treatment. travelled to hospitals in cities

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TRANSLATION: The house collapsed when the earthquake shook. I was in

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my room and my children were in another room. I don't know where my

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wife and children are, if they are I don't know. So powerful was this

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earthquake, it formed a new island off the coast. A mass of mode, stone

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is just a little smaller than a football field. Emergency workers

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are en route. That is little comfort for those who have been overwhelmed

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Five years ago, the drinks giant, Diageo, declared today Arthur's

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Five years ago, the drinks giant, in honour of Arthur Guinness, the

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century brought us the famous beer in honour of Arthur Guinness, the

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that bears his name. It is now manufactured by Diageo and is one of

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year, Diageo has been put on the manufactured by Diageo and is one of

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year, Diageo has been put on the that Arthur's Day only promotes

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year, Diageo has been put on the drinking, in a country that already

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According to pun survey Ireland drinking, in a country that already

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According to pun survey Ireland drinking. Germany was second, and

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According to pun survey Ireland economy $5 billion a year, with

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people calling in staff. And people spent 7.. Periods of their money on

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alcoholic ing in staff. And people spent 7..periods of their money

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alcoholic ing in staff. And people alcoholic drinks -- 7.7% of their

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money on drinks. Ireland leads Europe in the rate of liver disease

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in the population. I'm joined by Paddy Cullivan, a musician and

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columnist for Ireland's Evening Herald. Paddy, tell us what happens

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on Arthur's Day in Ireland. Ireland. Does everyone go around drinking

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Guinness? It is like that. I'm a musician as well, so effectively

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there's a celebration of one minute to six, 1759, year that Arthur

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supposedly invent Guinness. It is a like the thing about it that bands

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are playing everywhere in pub in this Ireland. It's been cop Adamed

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as an alcoholiday. Ever day is an alcoholiday in ierlingsd no more

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than it is in England and Germany, where they have Oktoberfest beer

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festivals for two weeks. What I where they have Oktoberfest beer

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about Arthur's Day is live music is put to the fore. People come to

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Ireland for the music, not the banking. Effectively what I like is

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that there's a pay day for musician in this Ireland. Hundreds of gigs

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are put on, thousands of people in this Ireland. Hundreds of gigs

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paid, so I support it from that point of view. I think if we remove

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something like Arthur's Day, there's a protest about it, but if we remove

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it, do we get rid of the Easter bunny because he's propagating

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childhood obesity is this I get bunny because he's propagating

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point. But critics say Diageo began drinking in a country where people

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don't need to be encouraged to drink. It sanctions it for younger

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drinkers. This is true, and alcopops and shots are not to be encouraged

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at all. But there has been drink sponsorship of things for years

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at all. But there has been drink Ireland, for festivals, comedy

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festivals, music festivals. It is an unfortunate marriage because we

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don't have an educated billionaire unfortunate marriage because we

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don't have an educated billionaire class who puts money into music

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don't have an educated billionaire the arts. They build golf clubs

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don't have an educated billionaire hotels. We have to marry with the

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big corporations if we are to put hotels. We have to marry with the

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music with drinks and enjoyed it this forward. I would rather people

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music with drinks and enjoyed it bottles of plonk and watching the X

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Factor. What do people say about this drink church in Ireland? Lonk

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and watching the X Factor. What this drink church in Ireland? Lonk

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people say about this drink church in Ireland? -- drink culture in

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Ireland. We look at the statistics and it does seem it has a high

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do you think? Music has always gone incidence of people who do drink.

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do you think? Music has always gone in pubs. It is an unfortunate fact.

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do you think? Music has always gone national emblem and robbed and put

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of, that but it's no worse than national emblem and robbed and put

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at sporting events. Germany has national emblem and robbed and put

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problem with all-day drinking. It is beer culture. Alright. Do you think

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Arthur's Day, that people who are against it are going to win, that it

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to work, is that what you mean? No, it is not a public holiday at all.

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Look, it's a make-believe holiday to promote damage io products. But

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Look, it's a make-believe holiday to sense I think the good part of it is

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the music, the celebration, people watching live music. OK. Do you

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banned but it is good that the other side have brought out the public

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shouldn't be banned, because we shouldn't contract the economy more

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than it is. 20,000 people left Ireland last year as it is. Paddy

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Cullivan, thank you.Pm Two years ago you may recall the case of a young

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German man who was known as "Forest Boy". When he came from the forest

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with no memory of his name, he was given shelter, care and a monthly

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allowance. Then police brought a case against him for faking his

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story. Tonight a court found him community service. Behind the soft

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smile was a great mystery. Two years ago, this French-faced man walked

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into Berlin's City Hall and said, in English, as he remembered virtually

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nothing about his past life. He English, as he remembered virtually

:20:28.:20:34.

Ray, he said, and he had lived deep in the forest for years with his

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father. When his father died, he had buried him, but he couldn't remember

:20:38.:20:40.

where. The world's media called buried him, but he couldn't remember

:20:40.:20:45.

"Forest Boy". The authorities in Berlin cared for him, spending

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30,000 euros, giving him 200 euros a month to spend. After nine months,

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"Forest Boy" was identified by his friends in Holland. He was really

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Robin van Helsum. Today, he appeared in court. His face blurred here

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because German courts prohibit the publication of faces of people being

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tried. In the court here, the Berlin authorities had wanted to recover

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Instead, he will have to perform tasks for the community. What those

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not known. Nor what his future is. tasks for the community. What those

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brief. A special court in The Hague convictions of the former Liberian

:21:51.:21:54.

President, Charles Taylor. The tribunal rejected his appeal. He'd

:21:54.:21:57.

argued mistakes were made in his trial. The judges also said that the

:21:57.:22:01.

50-year sentence was an appropriate atrocities committed during the

:22:01.:22:03.

the wreckage of the Costa Concordia. atrocities committed during the

:22:03.:22:15.

the wreckage of the Costa Concordia. DNA tests to check if they are the

:22:15.:22:18.

missing bodies of the last two people who are unaccounted for among

:22:18.:22:19.

the ship's passengers and crew. people who are unaccounted for among

:22:19.:22:26.

organisers of Qatar's 2022 World Cup findings of an investigation into

:22:26.:22:32.

the treatment of migrant workers. The investigation by the British

:22:32.:22:37.

newspaper, the Guardian, says dozens of Nepalese labourers have died

:22:37.:22:48.

newspaper, the Guardian, says dozens documentation. The Qatari government

:22:48.:22:52.

The authorities in Spain are to consider putting the country back on

:22:52.:22:55.

the same time zone as Britain and Portugal. Seven decades after they

:22:56.:23:01.

presented to MPs and states that people in Spain have been out of

:23:01.:23:07.

behaviour based on sunrise and I've seen one newspaper dub this as

:23:07.:23:14.

potentially the end of the era of the siesta. In my experience the

:23:14.:23:22.

weekend. But there's a Spanish way probably get up at a similar time to

:23:22.:23:28.

other countries this the morning but they do have a late lunches 2 until

:23:28.:23:33.

4. Some companies are doing away businesses and rest plants be full

:23:33.:23:36.

afternoon. And they'll be there businesses and rest plants be full

:23:36.:23:43.

a while. When it gets later in the day they tend to go to bed much

:23:43.:23:47.

later. There is this argument that people sleep less in Spain and

:23:47.:23:50.

therefore productivity could be Conservationists and animal lovers

:23:50.:24:02.

often sound the alarm bells about delining numbers of wild life, but a

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happening in Europe. It suggests that conservation schemes and legal

:24:07.:24:10.

protection are helping boost animal This report from Croatia to find out

:24:10.:24:18.

about one of the success stories concerning the elives brown bear.

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A shy giant of the forest. Forest. Europe's bears were once hunted

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A shy giant of the forest. Forest. the brink of extension. Seen mainly

:24:28.:24:31.

in sanctuaries. But now they are making a comeback. In Croatia's

:24:31.:24:35.

forests, there are signs of them everywhere. This is the place where

:24:35.:24:38.

a bear slept last night. We can everywhere. This is the place where

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the grass, how it is stamped into centre of the bear habitat. We are

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estimated number is 1,200 animals. healthy population of bears. The

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estimated number is 1,200 animals. We are hoping that, we are certain

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estimated number is 1,200 animals. that number can be even higher.

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estimated number is 1,200 animals. the forest. We are going to attempt

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to spot a bear. I'm whispering the forest. We are going to attempt

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to spot a bear. I'm whispering wary of humans thanks to hunting.

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to spot a bear. I'm whispering hide and wait and hope. But sect

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patience. New research shows that animals. The report suggests that 17

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all on the rise. As more and more people move to cities, it has left

:25:45.:25:53.

rural areas free for wildlife. And a combination of habitat protection

:25:53.:25:57.

and controls on hunting have allowed the animals to flourish. People

:25:57.:26:00.

and controls on hunting have allowed this general picture of Europe that

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we lost all our nature and our wild life. I think what the rest of world

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and a lot of the Europeans still I would say can learn from this is

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that Conservativation actually we have proper strategy, if we put

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our efforts, it works. I think that's very encouraging in a time

:26:18.:26:25.

decreation biodiversity. Back in the waiting we are not in luck. The

:26:25.:26:33.

bears are staying away today. These animals might be experiencing a

:26:33.:26:38.

remarkable resurgence, but with history of hunting, it seems that

:26:38.:26:42.

avoiding people has been key to Beautiful pictures there. That's it

:26:42.:26:49.

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