27/09/2013 World News Today


27/09/2013

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 27/09/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me An exclusive report from Kenya on

:00:06.:00:12.

how lapses in security in Kenya An exclusive report from Kenya on

:00:12.:00:16.

militants the chance to stage their deadly attack, killing dozens.

:00:16.:00:23.

militants in Nairobi hired their own shop in the Westgate mall, using it

:00:23.:00:25.

An emphatic warning from the UN shop in the Westgate mall, using it

:00:25.:00:31.

scientists say humans are almost certainly the main cause of global

:00:31.:00:34.

warning and it's accelerated since Also coming up: Miracle among the

:00:34.:00:40.

misery - A young girl is pulled alive from a collapsed building

:00:40.:00:45.

misery - A young girl is pulled And international footballer Lionel

:00:45.:00:45.

Messi goes to court in Spain to And international footballer Lionel

:00:45.:00:49.

tough questions on allegations of millions euros in tax evasion.

:00:49.:01:10.

investigation has established how the shopping mall siege in Kenya was

:01:10.:01:14.

made possible by security breaches, incompetence and confusion. The

:01:14.:01:24.

made possible by security breaches, has learnt that the gunmen rented a

:01:24.:01:27.

shop in the mall in the weeks before the attack as a place to store their

:01:27.:01:29.

weapons. It's thought they used the attack as a place to store their

:01:29.:01:34.

ID's. Security sources in Nairobi leadership between the police and

:01:34.:01:40.

fraught with confusion - which gave the militants a chance to regroup.

:01:40.:01:43.

The head of the country's defence committee has now demanded security

:01:43.:01:44.

chiefs appear before Parliament committee has now demanded security

:01:44.:01:47.

week to answer questions about exclusive report from Karen Allen in

:01:47.:01:57.

Fresh haunting pictures reveal the dreadful aftermath of the Westgate

:01:57.:02:04.

missing. Intelligence chiefs are being summoned to Parliament. When

:02:04.:02:15.

security system. Obviously this leaves questions in the minds of the

:02:15.:02:20.

public. Senior security forces confirmed to me the attackers had

:02:20.:02:23.

extraordinary access to the building in the weeks leading up to the

:02:23.:02:27.

inside the complex on probably using attack. They rented a shop right

:02:27.:02:32.

inside the complex on probably using fake IDs. They were able to use

:02:32.:02:35.

inside the complex on probably using service list to stockpile weapons

:02:35.:02:38.

and ammunition which enabled them to resupply constantly during the

:02:38.:02:40.

revealed the attackers arrived in resupply constantly during the

:02:40.:02:50.

blasting their way past security front entrance of the complex,

:02:50.:02:58.

held. The gunmen continued to fan from the side killing security

:02:58.:03:25.

held. The gunmen continued to fan out and advanced upstairs to whether

:03:25.:03:26.

children's cooking competition was in full swing. Eyewitnesses tell us

:03:26.:03:31.

this is where at least 15 people were killed on the spot. After the

:03:31.:03:38.

first burst of gunfire, hostages still do not know how many survived.

:03:38.:03:47.

This man's testimony supports our evidence that the extremists had

:03:47.:03:51.

extraordinary capability to control the shopping centre. Enough to repel

:03:51.:03:59.

control. We kept feeding these explosions and spat it gunfire,

:04:00.:04:04.

coming from different parts of the sporadic gunfire. Not much is known

:04:04.:04:16.

about the militants themselves but we established be brought out heavy

:04:16.:04:19.

weapons later in the siege. When rescue efforts switched from police

:04:19.:04:27.

to the Army, the militants seemed very well trained. He had a long

:04:27.:04:33.

gun, he had an Arafat scarf around his neck, he was holding the gun

:04:33.:04:38.

confidently shooting whomever he liked. A spokesman for the Somali

:04:39.:04:46.

extremist group Al-Shabab said they would not name names. The agonising

:04:46.:04:53.

wait for answers could last weeks. Now to a landmark report from the

:04:53.:04:58.

UN, made public today in Stockholm. The inter-governmental panel on

:04:59.:05:02.

climate change, the IPCC says it is 95% certain that the human influence

:05:02.:05:03.

on climate has caused more than 95% certain that the human influence

:05:03.:05:07.

of the observed increase in global It says in a worst case scenario the

:05:07.:05:15.

world's temperature would rise by between 2.6 to 4.8 degrees Celsius

:05:15.:05:20.

assuming there would be a continued increase in emissions. And the best

:05:21.:05:29.

case scenario predicts a rise of between 0.3 degrees Celsius to

:05:29.:05:34.

case scenario predicts a rise of But the report says that would

:05:34.:05:34.

require deep cuts in greenhouse But the report says that would

:05:34.:05:40.

emissions. Our environment analyst were dramatic. The language was

:05:40.:05:50.

clear. The atmosphere and ocean 95% certain that humans are the

:05:50.:06:01.

warns. Sea-level has risen. It is 95% certain that humans are the

:06:01.:06:09.

presented today after thousands 95% certain that humans are the

:06:09.:06:11.

scientific reports first studied, 95% certain that humans are the

:06:11.:06:17.

change is the greatest challenge of our time. The message on warming

:06:17.:06:29.

change is the greatest challenge of the climate has warmed and human

:06:29.:06:33.

change is the greatest challenge of beings are responsible. There is one

:06:33.:06:48.

yearly showing a steady rise since the 1950s. Since 1998 there has

:06:48.:06:55.

yearly showing a steady rise since temperature in 10-year periods it is

:06:55.:06:59.

a different picture. Each decade is warmer than the one before. Looking

:06:59.:07:03.

at the surface temperature does warmer than the one before. Looking

:07:03.:07:08.

tell us about the climate system as a whole and how it is changing.

:07:08.:07:13.

tell us about the climate system as the same period sea levels have

:07:13.:07:17.

continued to rise, ice melts and wishers and the Arctic Sunrise are

:07:17.:07:20.

also climate change is continuing even though the surface temperature

:07:20.:07:32.

has not been rising. Floods like the ones that tore through Colorado

:07:32.:07:36.

has not been rising. Floods like the month will hit us more often, along

:07:36.:07:41.

with other sorts of extreme weather. Regional details are still sketchy

:07:41.:07:45.

but the UK will not escape the scientists say. The global patterns

:07:45.:07:52.

will bring changes locally, changes in rainfall and temperature and

:07:52.:07:57.

will bring changes locally, changes the weather for everyone. That has

:07:57.:07:59.

implications for the way we use the weather for everyone. That has

:07:59.:08:04.

elsewhere if we are to live with climate change. Supercomputers like

:08:05.:08:10.

this one in the Met Office project the Gulf stream might weaken, making

:08:10.:08:15.

the UK cool. People sceptical about climate change do not trust the

:08:15.:08:23.

climate change models. We can never test the models until we have a

:08:24.:08:28.

climate change models. We can never machine. Until we have a way of

:08:28.:08:30.

jumping forward 100 years, we will never know forget it right. That is

:08:30.:08:35.

nothing we can do about that. We can test the models for the last hundred

:08:35.:08:39.

years and we can test them all the time for what is happening now. The

:08:39.:08:44.

models predict the ice will continue to melt unless we cut fossils and

:08:44.:08:49.

emissions. These protesters do not trust that governments will do that.

:08:49.:08:59.

To discuss this further I'm joined from our studio in Kent, by Jeremy

:08:59.:09:02.

Leggett, founder and chairman of solutions company and he is author

:09:02.:09:05.

of "Half Gone, The Carbon War". solutions company and he is author

:09:05.:09:10.

we are also joined by Benny Peiser in Liverpool. He is the Director of

:09:10.:09:15.

Foundation, which is chaired by in Liverpool. He is the Director of

:09:15.:09:19.

former Conservative cabinet minister Has this, for once and for all,

:09:19.:09:28.

the warning that it issues. It is settle the argument about whether

:09:28.:10:08.

whether or not their predictions problems that the IPCC faces is

:10:08.:10:13.

whether or not their predictions will come true. We will see in the

:10:13.:10:18.

next three or four years. We will see whether the warming trend which

:10:18.:10:26.

stopped by 1997, whether it will start again. People are waiting

:10:26.:10:31.

stopped by 1997, whether it will the warming to start again and

:10:31.:10:34.

governments have decided to wait and see until some things happen. For

:10:34.:10:38.

the time being, governments are see until some things happen. For

:10:38.:10:43.

taking this seriously and are not at Lancing climate agenda. They have

:10:43.:10:47.

dropped it from the international agenda. Generally, the factors this

:10:47.:10:56.

report does not take into account the fact you cannot predict weather

:10:56.:10:57.

patterns in the future, it says the fact you cannot predict weather

:10:57.:11:02.

cannot confuse global warming with short-term weather patterns? Yes,

:11:02.:11:09.

and you must not overplay what happens between one year you picked

:11:09.:11:12.

and ten years later, it is the overall trend. If you look at this

:11:12.:11:18.

century, it is clear temperatures are going up overall. The last three

:11:18.:11:26.

quarter to hottest. This last decade has been the hottest in recorded

:11:26.:11:32.

history. Couple that with the fact me know that these greenhouse gases

:11:32.:11:40.

from cold, oil and spawning do this. This is the laws of physics. You

:11:40.:11:48.

could uncertainty on top of that. Many of the sceptics are ideological

:11:48.:11:52.

driven and do not want to accept what the scientists say they will

:11:53.:11:57.

grasp at straws. When you hear what you just heard about the temperature

:11:57.:12:02.

trends being flat, that is grasping governments are not worried about

:12:02.:12:12.

straws? If it was just me, there would not be a problem. The reality

:12:12.:12:17.

is more people and governments are realising that the more dramatic

:12:17.:12:23.

predictions of strong warming are not occurring. The models did not

:12:23.:12:29.

predict this pause in the warming and they cannot tell us how long it

:12:30.:12:34.

will last. Some people say this might go on for ten years. If it

:12:34.:12:41.

does so, the issue will be buried. that huge. It is not predicting

:12:41.:12:54.

does so, the issue will be buried. end of the world. And yet you often

:12:54.:12:57.

write about global warming being similar to the use of weapons of

:12:57.:12:59.

alarmist? No, I am not. I know similar to the use of weapons of

:12:59.:13:08.

of the scientists involved in this worried. I had a senior official

:13:08.:13:24.

and we will run out of water. This is why they said this limit of two

:13:24.:13:31.

Celsius. These scientists have told us we will go beyond, unless we

:13:31.:13:35.

Celsius. These scientists have told emissions, within the century in

:13:35.:13:39.

which we live. He talked about governments being sceptical but

:13:39.:13:43.

which we live. He talked about you not think it would be a good

:13:43.:13:46.

idea if the whole world find cheap sources of renewable energy to do

:13:46.:13:47.

away with fossil, that would be sources of renewable energy to do

:13:47.:13:51.

for the planet and for the pockets of people? Absolutely. If we could

:13:51.:13:57.

have cheap renewable energy everyone would go for it. The problem is

:13:57.:14:03.

renewable is our two or three times more expensive at the moment. Energy

:14:03.:14:08.

prices are going up and governments face a backlash. The public is more

:14:08.:14:12.

concerned now about their energy bills than climate change. Thank you

:14:12.:14:25.

conflict in Syria, the UN Security Council later today to vote on its

:14:25.:14:27.

first resolution on the crisis. Council later today to vote on its

:14:27.:14:30.

comes after Russia and the US found common ground at the UN about what

:14:30.:14:34.

should be done about the country's stockpile of chemical weapons, after

:14:34.:14:36.

UN inspectors confirmed that a chemical weapons attack took place

:14:36.:14:49.

in August outside Damascus. As correspondent is a New York. What is

:14:49.:14:52.

in this resolution? In order to correspondent is a New York. What is

:14:52.:14:58.

consensus at the UN things get diverted? It was certainly the

:14:58.:15:05.

result of a compromise between the United States and Russia. As you

:15:05.:15:11.

mentioned, there has been real Council over Syria the last two

:15:11.:15:16.

mentioned, there has been real a half years. When it comes to

:15:16.:15:18.

chemical weapons the US and Russia were able to agree that President

:15:18.:15:23.

Assad had to give up his arsenal. We have come together to write this

:15:23.:15:28.

resolution which will be voted on tonight which calls on President

:15:28.:15:31.

Assad to eliminate his arsenal of chemical weapons. The compromise

:15:31.:15:37.

comes in with a United States giving up on its request for a mention

:15:37.:15:42.

comes in with a United States giving the International Criminal Court in

:15:42.:15:48.

prosecution mentioned, only a very other compromise is that initially

:15:48.:15:55.

Western powers wanted the resolution to fall into the binding chapter

:15:55.:15:58.

have a resolution which makes a to fall into the binding chapter

:15:58.:16:08.

reference to the possibility that if Syria is found not to comply with

:16:08.:16:12.

this resolution, world powers can then come back to the UN and ask for

:16:12.:16:21.

breakthrough there are but there is also a lot of criticism of this

:16:21.:16:22.

that a breakthrough can be achieved resolution. Let's stay with events

:16:22.:16:40.

that a breakthrough can be achieved programme. Diplomats on all sides in

:16:40.:16:42.

New York have been sounding more bilateral talks on Thursday night

:16:42.:16:46.

between the US Secretary of State Minister Mohammed Javid Zarif.

:16:46.:16:49.

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani Minister Mohammed Javid Zarif.

:16:49.:16:52.

a news conference today that the officials and hearing Mr Obama,

:16:52.:17:06.

a news conference today that the president of the United States,

:17:06.:17:10.

a news conference today that the seemed like they sounded different

:17:10.:17:13.

compared to the past, and I view resettlement of the differences

:17:13.:17:19.

between the Islamic Republic of resettlement of the differences

:17:19.:17:28.

and the West. You heard his voice through an interpreter. With me

:17:28.:17:37.

and the West. You heard his voice Darren Ennis, who was the former

:17:37.:17:38.

advisor to EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton and now works as a

:17:38.:17:42.

consultant in the Middle East. You were involved in some of those

:17:42.:17:44.

negotiations with Tehran. Do you sense that there is now an appetite

:17:44.:17:47.

for some kind of momentum towards agreement? The appetite has always

:17:47.:18:05.

certainly there has been an appetite persevered with this, but we have

:18:05.:18:10.

been taken to the brink on many previous occasions. The difference

:18:10.:18:18.

conditions are there, to find some Iranians are at the table in a

:18:18.:18:26.

serious way because the sanctions geopolitical situation, the volatile

:18:26.:18:33.

situation in the wider region will play into that, because you have got

:18:33.:18:39.

the Arab spring, issues in Syria, and the Iranians do not want back on

:18:39.:18:42.

their doorstep or in their own country, and you have moderates

:18:43.:18:50.

their doorstep or in their own the table. Let's pick up on the

:18:50.:18:53.

sanctions which have been biting in Iran. Do you think that was a key

:18:53.:18:55.

element in pushing the Iranians Iran. Do you think that was a key

:18:55.:19:02.

the table? Ultimately, the Arab their pockets and the conditions

:19:02.:19:11.

the table? Ultimately, the Arab the country, and those sanctions are

:19:11.:19:15.

biting in Iran, so what the resume streets of Iran because they have no

:19:15.:19:21.

biting in Iran, so what the resume money in their pockets, so they

:19:21.:19:23.

biting in Iran, so what the resume reacting to that, that is why they

:19:23.:19:23.

decision fairly quickly? In six reacting to that, that is why they

:19:23.:19:35.

decision fairly quickly? In six months time? Are they saying that

:19:35.:19:35.

the sanctions lifted yesterday, months time? Are they saying that

:19:35.:19:45.

is clear. We will now have further talks. The devil will be in the

:19:45.:19:51.

Iranians will continue to want sanctions lifted, on the other side,

:19:51.:20:01.

closure of the nuclear plant and reduced, but sceptics say that the

:20:01.:20:19.

enriched group -- the enriched uranium could be put elsewhere in

:20:19.:20:23.

Iran. You get a political agreement and consensus but ultimately, it

:20:23.:20:33.

will be the IAEA who will decide. And the international community

:20:33.:20:35.

will be the IAEA who will decide. want to see some kind of agreement.

:20:35.:20:40.

Hillary Clinton, potentially running to be the next US president, was

:20:40.:20:45.

hamstrung with the Israeli lobby in the US, John Kerry is not hamstrung

:20:45.:20:52.

by that. Barack Obama is in a term where he has nothing to lose, he is

:20:52.:20:55.

in a term where he has nothing to lose, he's not running again there

:20:55.:20:59.

relation. That is building now. lose, he's not running again there

:20:59.:21:09.

John Kerry and Segrey Lavrov have a relationship. The ingredients, I

:21:09.:21:15.

think, are there, certainly to move the issue forward, but the question

:21:16.:21:20.

would be, will Iran be serious enough, or are they just kicking the

:21:20.:21:28.

ball further down the road? Thank you very much. A young girl has

:21:28.:21:38.

ball further down the road? Thank pulled alive from rubble ten hours

:21:38.:21:41.

collapsed in the Indian financial centre of Mumbai. Ten people were

:21:41.:21:44.

killed and several others have been rescued and taken to hospital, but

:21:44.:21:47.

there are fears that dozens of people are still trapped under the

:21:47.:21:50.

rubble of the apartment block. Yogita Limaye reports. All that

:21:50.:21:54.

remains of the four story bottom block that -- apartment block that

:21:54.:22:00.

collapsed early in the morning in Mumbai, taking down with it more

:22:00.:22:04.

than 20 families who called at home. Rescue officers have been working

:22:04.:22:05.

through the day, trying to pull Rescue officers have been working

:22:05.:22:10.

survivors from the debris. Around the site, families of those who

:22:10.:22:17.

lived here have gathered. Some of them breaking down as they waited

:22:17.:22:30.

is there, and the kids are there. The rescue operation has been going

:22:30.:22:35.

happened is when most people are on at a frantic pace. But Ings have

:22:35.:22:42.

happened is when most people are likely to be at home, just waking up

:22:42.:22:48.

happened is when most people are The building was more than 30 years

:22:48.:22:48.

old. Authorities say they were aware The building was more than 30 years

:22:48.:22:59.

old. Authorities say they were aware this building needed repairs, but

:22:59.:23:02.

old. Authorities say they were aware that it needed to be evacuated.

:23:02.:23:05.

old. Authorities say they were aware crashed suddenly and we don't yet

:23:05.:23:05.

long list of such incidents in crashed suddenly and we don't yet

:23:05.:23:17.

long list of such incidents in building on the outskirts of the

:23:17.:23:22.

over 70 people, and there have been many more, since. Unsafe and illegal

:23:22.:23:28.

structures are increasingly being demolished by the authorities, but

:23:28.:23:34.

this has not stopped the spate of building collapses in the city.

:23:34.:23:49.

Some of the day's other news now. More than half of pilots have fallen

:23:49.:23:55.

asleep while in charge of a plane, a survey by the British pilots' union

:23:55.:23:58.

suggests. Of the 56% who admitted sleeping, 29% said they had woken up

:23:58.:24:02.

to find the other pilot asleep as well. The survey comes after it

:24:02.:24:05.

emerged that two pilots on an Airbus were asleep at the same time. The

:24:05.:24:08.

Canadian mobile phone company, Blackberry, has reported a loss

:24:09.:24:11.

Canadian mobile phone company, nearly a billion dollars for the

:24:11.:24:14.

three months to the end of August. The company had warned investors to

:24:14.:24:17.

expect a poor result because of disappointing sales for its new

:24:17.:24:19.

smartphones. Blackberry has already agreed to be sold to a consortium

:24:19.:24:23.

led by its biggest shareholder. demonstrated in cities across Sudan

:24:23.:24:28.

government's decision to cut fuel subsidies. The authorities have

:24:28.:24:31.

international television stations coverage. Activists say more than

:24:31.:24:36.

disturbances, which started on Monday. The government says it's 29.

:24:36.:24:46.

He's adored by millions and is one athletes, but Lionel Messi's squeaky

:24:46.:24:59.

clean image is under threat. The Barcelona footballer and captain of

:24:59.:25:01.

the Argentine national team has appeared in court in Spain. He and

:25:01.:25:03.

multi-million dollar tax fraud. appeared in court in Spain. He and

:25:03.:25:08.

deny any wrongdoing. Tom Burridge reports from Spain. Lionel Messi

:25:08.:25:13.

Today, his defence team walked with him into court. He was cheered by

:25:13.:25:21.

waiting fans. Earlier, his father also went into the question. They

:25:21.:25:25.

authorities are failing to pay also went into the question. They

:25:25.:25:32.

million euros in tax, on money made from lucrative sponsorship deals

:25:32.:25:36.

with multinational companies. A formal investigation began in June.

:25:36.:25:41.

On Facebook, Lionel Messi denied any wrongdoing. I have always met my tax

:25:41.:25:47.

Alec -- my tax obligations, he said. But his father made as an East

:25:47.:25:53.

Alec -- my tax obligations, he said. made a aim at 5 million euros to the

:25:53.:25:59.

Spanish tax authorities. Possibly exciting player is still being

:25:59.:26:02.

investigated. Lionel Messi's annual exciting player is still being

:26:02.:26:14.

that is from sponsorship deals. exciting player is still being

:26:14.:26:22.

not weighing enough tax. But the exciting player is still being

:26:22.:26:49.

programme. Next the weather. But

:26:49.:26:50.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS