30/09/2013 World News Today


30/09/2013

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Up in Washington, it is countdown to shutdown - without a budget deal by

:00:12.:00:15.

of the US Government will stop. shutdown - without a budget deal by

:00:15.:00:24.

of the US Government will stop. The House as two responsibilities, a

:00:24.:00:28.

budget and to pay the bills. Inside Syria, the BBC has been back to

:00:28.:00:32.

budget and to pay the bills. Inside scene of an horrific chemical attack

:00:32.:00:34.

Also coming up, autopilot is one thing, but how would you feel if you

:00:34.:00:46.

in the cockpit? And bangers, beer thing, but how would you feel if you

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in the cockpit? And bangers, beer midnight East Coast time, the US

:01:25.:01:27.

Government faces a shut down, and it would be the first in nearly two

:01:27.:01:31.

decades. And many government workers will stop getting paid. So what

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decades. And many government workers will happen? This is how we are

:01:36.:01:36.

explaining it on the BBC website. might and might not close down,

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clearly a lot at stake for American citizens, and in the past hour

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president of album-macro has said he Republicans can work together to

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I have said before that we have Republicans can work together to

:03:00.:03:09.

responsibilities, a budget and to pay the bills. And I am not only

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negotiations around a long-term budget that make sure that we are

:03:19.:03:25.

investing in middle-class families, helping the economy grow, giving

:03:25.:03:27.

people who are working hard a leg stability, and deals with some of

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the long-term challenges in terms of stability, and deals with some of

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security and stability. But the stability, and deals with some of

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way to do that is for everybody stability, and deals with some of

:03:42.:03:44.

meaningful negotiations under the government shutdown, and certainly

:03:44.:04:04.

meaningful negotiations under the economics and trade correspondent

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with the Financial Times. Thank economics and trade correspondent

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James. Thanks for having me. We economics and trade correspondent

:04:13.:04:15.

heard President Obama talking about economics and trade correspondent

:04:15.:04:16.

good faith, but there is not a lot economics and trade correspondent

:04:17.:04:23.

deal. The last time we came close to stroke of midnight tonight. And

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deal. The last time we came close to turning again? -- and if government

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shuts down. It is very interesting, a lot of government agencies have

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already spent tonnes of money and a lot of effort preparing for a shut

:04:50.:04:54.

down, not knowing whether it would or would not happen, and so once you

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shut it down, I imagine it would be very difficult to get things going

:04:58.:05:04.

again. As you said, of course, the workers there are really hoping

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again. As you said, of course, the not only is the shutdown avoided,

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but that if it happens, it will not only is the shutdown avoided,

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as little as possible, because they Meanwhile, you have this fight going

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on on Capitol Hill between the White Congress, but give us an idea of

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what is driving those Republicans who say, better to have a shut down

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and stick to our principles, there arguments. There is a lot of anger

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at President Obama and in particular the 20 day health care reform law,

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described by some as Obamacare. the 20 day health care reform law,

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2010. This year they see that as a huge government intrusion in the

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economy, and they are trying to delay it, and they are using these

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budget negotiations to essentially cram one of the president's main

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domestic accomplishments. Why are they so powerful? This is not the

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vast majority of congressmen and women, why is the tea party movement

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still so powerful? They have a lot of power because first of all they

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control one of the Chambers, the house of representatives, so that

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gives them the power to propose house of representatives, so that

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approve legislation, but also the structure of American politics is

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conservative Republicans are safe in their own districts, they are not

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worried about challenges from the far right, and they are looking

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worried about challenges from the their shoulder. You have this huge

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Dens Park drama where you are and on Wall Street and markets well beyond

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political agreement over this. that. People must be wringing their

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political agreement over this. Absolutely. Goldman Sachs back in

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2011 estimated that a government shutdown would cost about $8 billion

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US economy. And not only would a per week, a significant hit to the

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US economy. And not only would a they are facing a new deadline in

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three weeks, by which the US needs ceiling. If they don't do that,

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three weeks, by which the US needs US risks default, which has the

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market even more nervous. James Politi, thank you for throwing some

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market even more nervous. James Now, chemical weapons inspectors are

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ports tonight does come from inside Turkey and Iraq are calling for

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ports tonight does come from inside from a school dealing with the

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aftermath of a chemical attack. from a school dealing with the

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report contains images you might This is the camp in northern Syria

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gates are closed, and the people here cannot travel the final few

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doctors, 2000 miles from home. No water, apparently. They are here

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because they want to bring relief to some of the nearly 5 million people

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in Syria who have lost their homes in the brutal conflict that rages

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here. The doctors are working with Hand in Hand for Syria, a UK charity

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that helps set up the camp. Every tent holds a tragic story. Ahmed's

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six-year-old daughter was killed, his home destroyed by government

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Travelling around Syria has never been more dangerous. Both foreign

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journalists and aid workers have been targeted, some killed. Rival

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other, as well as the government, and more and more foreign extremists

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This is a group representing the they are affiliated with Al-Qaeda,

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increasing numbers of jihadis have come here, they are setting up

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checkpoints, so it means foreigners in particular travelling around

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checkpoints, so it means foreigners country run the gauntlet of these

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checkpoints every few miles also. The worst thing about driving around

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is you are never sure what lies behind the next corner. Last month,

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we were filming the doctors working at this hospital when victims of an

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incendiary bomb attack on a school playground started pouring in. Their

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Burns suggested the bomb was filmed with a napalm like substance. It is

:10:02.:10:07.

just absolute chaos and carnage here. We have had a massive influx

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of what looked like serious burns, scenes like it must be some sort of

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chemical weapon, I'm not really Today was like something out of

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flipping Armageddon. Out of all most haunting images was of a boy we

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out of all the war zones. One of the most haunting images was of a boy we

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Described as a hard-working boy most haunting images was of a boy we

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a smiley face, he is 40% burns to say it will take weeks before he is

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victims of a war that shows no sign also struggling to recover. They are

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victims of a war that shows no sign of ending, unable to forgive or

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Now, we have talked already about the looming US budget crunch, but

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this is another reason for market nerves right now. Investors are

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this is another reason for market fretting about the fragile state of

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Italy's government. Enrico Letta's coalition is hanging in the balance

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after Silvio Berlusconi ordered ministers from his centre-right

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party to resign. We have this report A man looking for a solution as

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party to resign. We have this report government falls apart, this appeal

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from Prime Minister Enrico Letta came at a meeting on peace and

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dialogue. TRANSLATION: Let me tell you, if you say prayers for Italy in

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the next few days, it will certainly eurozone's third-largest economy is

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without a functioning government. Enrico Letta's uneasy coalition

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without a functioning government. elections in February. It was always

:12:22.:12:25.

fragile, but now relations between Berlusconi's centre-right party

:12:25.:12:31.

fragile, but now relations between reached rock bottom. Tensions had

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been rising for weeks following moves to expel Silvio Berlusconi

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from Parliament after his conviction for tax fraud. Then, on Friday,

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ministers failed to agree on a vital package of budget measures. --

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Cabinet unity. That provoked Mr administration, effectively bringing

:12:50.:12:56.

down the government. A confidence vote will be held in Parliament

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down the government. A confidence Wednesday. Enrico Letta says he

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down the government. A confidence resign if he does not win the vote,

:13:02.:13:06.

majority in the lower house, and if you can gain support from opposition

:13:07.:13:11.

groupings, or a few dozen senators in Berlusconi's party, he could

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groupings, or a few dozen senators a new government. The political

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pressure has been relentless and it has hindered efforts to enact the

:13:20.:13:23.

economic reforms which are badly problems, recession and high youth

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Staying in Italy, the retrial has problems, recession and high youth

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Staying in Italy, the retrial has begun of Amanda Knox and her former

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boyfriend for the murder of the British student Meredith Kercher.

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The pair were jailed for the killing Supreme Court ordered the retrial,

:13:43.:13:48.

saying the acquittals were flawed. Supreme Court ordered the retrial,

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contain some flash photography. in court today. We have a report

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contain some flash photography. The emotion showed on Amanda Knox's

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appear. In a recent interview, she The emotion showed on Amanda Knox's

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appear. In a recent interview, she with Amanda Knox in Perugia in

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that at the time of the killing with Amanda Knox in Perugia in

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was with Raffaele Sollecito, her today, the lawyer for the Meredith

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Kercher family says she is certain the pair are guilty. TRANSLATION: We

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are convinced because we know the trial very well. We have always

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maintained they were guilty and trial very well. We have always

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they were present at the crime scene. The retrial was ordered by

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the highest court in Italy, blaming what it called deficiencies and

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contradictions in the decision to acquit. If Amanda Knox is found

:15:02.:15:05.

guilty for a second time, Italy Now a look at some of the day's

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In Iraq, about 50 people have been killed and more than 130 injured in

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a wave of car bombings, most of which have targeted Shia areas of

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the capital, Baghdad. Police said the explosions hit outdoor markets

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and car parks during the morning rush hour. The deadliest attack

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and car parks during the morning said to have been when a car bomb

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exploded in a crowded vegetable market in the eastern neighbourhood

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of Sadr City, killing seven people investigation into the attack on the

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Members of the defence committee are visiting the Westgate centre to

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Members of the defence committee are for themselves the aftermath of

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Members of the defence committee are interrogate security chiefs about

:15:57.:15:59.

failures. The MPs will also consider the government's overall handling of

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the four-day siege, which ended the government's overall handling of

:16:01.:16:17.

the deaths of at least 67 people. north-eastern Nigeria are under

:16:17.:16:24.

targets by the radical Islamist group Boko Haram. Just this weekend

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50 students at an agricultural college in Yogi State were killed

:16:30.:16:33.

during their sleep. The Nigerian authorities have admitted there

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during their sleep. The Nigerian no extra security at the college in

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brought to this hospital, after identify their loved ones after

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brought to this hospital, after Some survived, but only just. The

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more action. We are seeing lots written in the newspapers, but no

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was no security at the school. The written in the newspapers, but no

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was no security at the school. The In fact, Boko Haram's campaign of

:18:03.:18:08.

violence has threatened the security of the entire region. Although a

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spokesman for the president said progress is being made even though

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the task is very difficult in terms of security. These are Nigerians,

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they are not foreigners. They are not easy to discern, it is difficult

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to know who is in Boko Haram. The Government has indeed deployed extra

:18:38.:18:41.

trips to confront Boko Haram, but this has not brought an end to the

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killings. For many, their fear is not if there will be more violence,

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The Transport Committee of the European Parliament has rejected new

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proposals to set limits on how long pilots can fly for without a rest.

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The European Commission had wanted to tighten and standardise flight

:19:04.:19:07.

time limits, which currently differ welcomed the Committee's rejection.

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It argued the new regulations would increase the risk of plane crashes

:19:13.:19:16.

by making pilots more liable to fatigue - claims dismissed by EU

:19:16.:19:19.

officials. There will now be a vote in the full European Parliament

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officials. There will now be a vote With me is Jim McAuslan who's the

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General Secretary for the British Airline Pilots' Association, BALPA.

:19:25.:19:34.

For a lame man, it is a little confusing, but basically you were

:19:34.:19:38.

not happy with this plan. You didn't think it did the job of making our

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flight experience safer. No it didn't. You talk about tightening

:19:43.:19:48.

and standardising rules across Europe. It certainly standardised

:19:48.:19:53.

them, but it would not tighten them. What the UK would experience was a

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relaxation of its rules, which is Parliament and commission to yes,

:19:58.:20:07.

get standardised rules, but at a higher level of safety than was

:20:07.:20:11.

British rules tend to be tighter being proposed. Is this because

:20:11.:20:14.

British rules tend to be tighter than in other parts of the European

:20:14.:20:21.

Union? Yes, that is the case, but even the UK rules at present I

:20:21.:20:27.

causing fatigue. The UK has a pretty good record of standards. Standards

:20:27.:20:31.

which are used in other parts of the world. But they were going to be

:20:31.:20:36.

which are used in other parts of the torn up to achieve UK harmonisation

:20:36.:20:39.

at a lower standard than what was previously the UK standards. In

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recent days and weeks we have heard cockpit being asleep at the same

:20:45.:20:48.

pilots were reported to be a sleep there are more instances like that?

:20:48.:21:06.

pilots were reported to be a sleep crossing the Atlantic coming from

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Miami to London. The regulator in the UK said that was exceptional.

:21:07.:21:10.

The following day we were completing a survey independently run by a

:21:10.:21:17.

pilots admitted to having fallen those said that they woke up to

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pilots admitted to having fallen the other pilot asleep. So it is

:21:26.:21:27.

certainly not exceptional, the way in which our regulator portrayed it.

:21:27.:21:32.

Over this weekend we have gathered a dossier of other examples of both

:21:32.:21:37.

pilots falling asleep that we are ready to present to the European

:21:37.:21:40.

Parliament to say this is a serious issue. The proposals that have come

:21:40.:21:43.

from the commission are going to make matters worse. Do you find

:21:43.:21:48.

from the commission are going to certain groups come up again and

:21:48.:21:52.

again? Are the particular pressure points for pilots? Coming from the

:21:52.:21:55.

east coast across to the UK has points for pilots? Coming from the

:21:55.:22:00.

a problem, but also the number of early starts, pilots waking at three

:22:00.:22:03.

o'clock in the morning to set off at five o'clock that morning. And at

:22:03.:22:09.

present UK rules would limit that to three, but under EU rules that would

:22:09.:22:16.

increase to seven. Scientists say that flying at night should be ten

:22:16.:22:20.

hours maximum, but these rules were brought in something over 11 or

:22:20.:22:24.

hours maximum, but these rules were hours in certain circumstances.

:22:24.:22:27.

hours maximum, but these rules were is accommodation of fruits, types of

:22:27.:22:30.

schedule, types of roster that pilots are on. -- a combination

:22:30.:22:45.

schedule, types of roster that How British is Britain? New analysis

:22:45.:22:47.

of the latest census here reveals that the older generation who lived

:22:47.:22:50.

through the Second World War and watched the sun set on the British

:22:50.:22:52.

Empire are least likely to tick watched the sun set on the British

:22:52.:22:55.

box marked "British" to describe their national identity. It was

:22:55.:22:58.

box marked "British" to describe much more attractive description to

:22:58.:23:00.

the young, and to the UK's ethnic minorities. Our Home Editor Mark

:23:00.:23:03.

Easton has more on an intriguing This is the most English place in

:23:03.:23:14.

England. In the last census, for them first time, people were asked

:23:14.:23:21.

Canvey Island, eight out of ten people chose England, the highest

:23:21.:23:25.

proportion anywhere. Why England and not Britain? Because I am English. I

:23:25.:23:37.

more, Britain is three or four different countries. There is so

:23:37.:23:42.

minorities? The census invited much patriotism. Would you get the

:23:42.:23:52.

minorities? The census invited example English or Welsh. Do you see

:23:52.:23:53.

yourself as British or a mixture? of ten people say simply English, in

:23:53.:23:56.

The results show in England six of ten people say simply English, in

:23:57.:24:04.

Does that mean that Britishness of ten people say simply English, in

:24:04.:24:09.

dying? Intriguingly, older people are less likely to say they are

:24:09.:24:14.

on the Empire at the least likely of generation that watched the sunset

:24:14.:24:20.

their grandparents? The answer may all to say they are Brits. Is said

:24:20.:24:39.

their grandparents? The answer may be found in the most British place

:24:39.:24:42.

their grandparents? The answer may in Britain, Harrow, but it is far

:24:42.:24:44.

less -- nothing to do with Winston explanation is diversity. Only

:24:44.:24:57.

less -- nothing to do with Winston British, were -- the most British of

:24:57.:25:03.

all, the Asians. 56% would pick British as their sole identity.

:25:03.:25:08.

Would you ever say you were English? Never, I still trust myself as

:25:08.:25:18.

tend to classify that as white ethnic majority, whereas Britain

:25:18.:25:24.

multicultural. Scottish bagpipes at an Indian wedding in north London.

:25:25.:25:29.

What could be more British than cosmopolitan society it seems that

:25:29.:25:34.

the British identity finds itself A reminder of our main news, a US

:25:34.:25:42.

Government shutdown is looming. A reminder of our main news, a US

:25:42.:25:45.

first since the days of President Clinton. Democrat and Republican

:25:45.:25:52.

lawmakers remain unable to strike a deal on a new plan to continue

:25:52.:25:56.

funding Government operations. These Senate, and if Republicans and

:25:56.:26:04.

agreement by the night as seems likely, the US Government will be

:26:04.:26:08.

forced to close all nonessential staff could be sent home on unpaid

:26:08.:26:15.

leave, with no guarantee of back pay once the deadlock is over. Many

:26:15.:26:26.

leave, with no guarantee of back pay question of whether there will be a

:26:26.:26:28.

shutdown, they are speculating how long shutdown could go on for. We

:26:28.:26:29.

have been covering the politics long shutdown could go on for. We

:26:29.:26:32.

also the possible economic impact from what is happening right now in

:26:32.:26:34.

Washington. The U.S. Senate, we from what is happening right now in

:26:34.:26:41.

hearing, has just rejected the latest draft bill, so a shutdown is

:26:42.:26:47.

looking likely. You are watching World News Today, thank you for

:26:47.:26:48.

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