01/10/2013 World News Today


01/10/2013

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And why pretending to be a rocket tourist could in fact improve your

:00:00.:00:00.

performance on the real thing. tourist could in fact improve your

:00:00.:00:20.

Good evening. All but essential public services in the US have shut

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down, which means that national parks, museums and tourist offices

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have closed. In the past hour, President Obama spoke at the Rose

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Garden in the White House and he blamed the Republicans and said

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Garden in the White House and he the shutdown was entirely avoidable.

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The shutdown is not about deficits or budgets, it is about rolling

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The shutdown is not about deficits insurance to folks that do not have

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affordable care. This, more than it. It is all about rolling back the

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affordable care. This, more than anything else, seems to be what

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affordable care. This, more than days. I know it is strange that

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affordable care. This, more than party would make keeping people

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affordable care. This, more than ensured the centrepiece of their

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agenda, but that apparently is what it is. What a stranger still is

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agenda, but that apparently is what shutting down our government does

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constitutional. It was a central not accomplish their stated goal.

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constitutional. It was a central is settled and it is here to stay.

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on unpaid leave in the first major government shutdown in the US since

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the Clinton era in the mid-1990s. At changes which some Republicans want

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At midnight, the money ran out. changes which some Republicans want

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night, bills had gone back and forth between the House of Representatives

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and the Senate, but they could not destroyed President Obama's sweeping

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reform of the US health care system. Democrats refused to accept that.

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There is a huge divide between the two sides. This shutdown, whilst it

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might be a joy to all of you who oppose the government, is a luxury

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that the country cannot afford. The way to resolve the differences is to

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sit down and talk. There is no one here on the other side of the table.

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None of it as a surprise for this man, a lawyer with the federal

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government. It felt like a normal morning, preceding his son to eat

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breakfast and looking after his newborn daughter. But he has been

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told not to go into work. We will be fine for a little while, but not for

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a long time. We will have to start paying for day care for her soon. We

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have medical bills for her. It is not an ideal time for him to be

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losing pay. The US capital is calm, great swathes of government are

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losing pay. The US capital is calm, hold. All across Washington, federal

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offices, closing down their e-mail accounts, clearing their desks.

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offices, closing down their e-mail reason for this shutdown? Gridlock

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in this place. There is no sign reason for this shutdown? Gridlock

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any resolution. Parts of the US reason for this shutdown? Gridlock

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closed for business. When the open Let us talk some more about this.

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Let us talk to a senior legal fellow Let us talk some more about this.

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Let us talk to a senior legal fellow with the Heritage Foundation's why'd

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you think senior Republicans are holding the nation to hostage? Do

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you think senior Republicans are not forget that the reason we are in

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you think senior Republicans are this situation today is because

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you think senior Republicans are refused to pass a regular budget

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you think senior Republicans are the government has been operating on

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a continuing resolution. They have government, with the exception of

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vast majority of the American people agree with that and do not want

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vast majority of the American people dusted, so why bring that all up now

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again? That is not true, it is a real mess. There are something like

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80 different parts of the bill with implemented. The Administration

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insurance, the administration has missed more than half of them. The

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insurance, the administration has said that they will not enforce

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insurance, the administration has foray year, but they will enforce

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the individual mandate for American citizens. That shows just how much

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the administration, frankly, has been unable to put this mass of

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the administration, frankly, has into place. A one-year delay, which

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is all we are asking for now, would allow all of the parts to be working

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at the same time. The last time allow all of the parts to be working

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this happened during the Clinton era, the Republicans came off much

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Republicans then that is in danger of happening again. That is the

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Republicans then that is in danger you actually look at the balanced

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budget that was achieved for the first time in generations, the

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Republicans actually gain seats first time in generations, the

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the Senate and lost a small number of seats in the house. The gained

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control -- Bay gained control for the first time in many years. Many

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people are saying that the do Barack Obama when they see that it is the

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Republicans responsible for you Obama when they see that it is the

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getting your salaries and all of the closures at the moment. That is

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getting your salaries and all of the shutdown goes on for a while, the

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American people will not notice shutdown goes on for a while, the

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federal government being shut down, because most of the government is

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employees. The federal government has 4.5 million federal employees.

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40% of the government is operating. employees who are not getting paid?

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yesterday and they will not get employees who are not getting paid?

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again for two weeks anyway, so none potentially they might. There are a

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lot of worried families out there, you have to accept. How do you think

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opinion? I think a lot of people do this will be resolved, in your

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opinion? I think a lot of people do not know. Both sides seem unwilling

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to get together and negotiate a not know. Both sides seem unwilling

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international disarmament experts compromise settlement. Hans von

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international disarmament experts have arrived in this -- in Damascus.

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Syria has said it will comply with have arrived in this -- in Damascus.

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Syria has said it will comply with Getting ready for a mission unlike

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in the midst of a raging Civil War. in the midst of a raging Civil War.

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The time frame is one thing. That is in the midst of a raging Civil War.

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going to be exceedingly challenging to deliver. But if everything stays

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on course and the regime fully cooperate and the opposition, in its

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various guises, cooperate, then cooperate and the opposition, in its

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can be done. But during a war, I do not think it is achievable. It is

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similar to the project in Iraq in the 1990s. They are keen to get

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similar to the project in Iraq in right this time. After they have

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visited and verified the chemical weapons sites, the first priority

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will be to destroy the materials used to make them and the munitions

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used to deliver them. That alone should make it impossible for the

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weapons to be used, taking them should make it impossible for the

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of the picture. But the war itself conventional weapons which will

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In Greece, for members of Parliament from the extreme right Golden Dawn

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Party have appeared in court. They are being charged with being part of

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a criminal organisation. The MPs were arrested at the weekend, along

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with the leader of Golden Dawn, which is the third biggest party in

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the Greek Parliament currently. Mark, tell us who is appearing in

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These were four of the six MPs who were arrested and is extremely

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sudden police operation on Saturday unprecedented clamp-down on Golden

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Dawn in which 22 members of the party were arrested. The party

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leader will be in court tomorrow and the number two of the party will be

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in court on Thursday. They appeared in court in order to present their

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defence. It will be decided whether or not they will be kept in custody.

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money-laundering. There has been a lot about this, in the media there

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indictment itself. It has been said paraphernalia being found their

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indictment itself. It has been said that they operated within that say

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indictment itself. It has been said weapons. If you disagreed with party

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attacked. If you received a text message from a party leader then you

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would have to destroy that message after reading it. This all gets

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would have to destroy that message to the government's allegation that

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the government has finally taken action against a group that has

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the government has finally taken been accused of vigilante attacks.

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It is the third biggest party in the Greek Parliament. It has 18 MPs

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It is the third biggest party in the Constitution, political party cannot

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be banned. That is why they are using legal means to try to rein

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by-elections in those seats, the government is confident that it

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would win any by-election and it now has the party on the back-seat and

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it can finally crush Golden Dawn. There were 200 or 300 members waving

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flags. They still believe in their party, they believe that this is an

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unjust, unfair witchhunt against a proudly Nationalist party. To crush

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Golden Dawn altogether will be a very tough challenge. Thank you

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Golden Dawn altogether will be a New pictures have emerged of the

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Westgate Mall, which was the scene of a hostage-taking and attack by

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militants linked to Al-Shabab last week. The pictures appear to show

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shop fronts being looted as well as safes. Kenyan MPs have begun an

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investigation and there are still questions being asked about the

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investigation and there are still Gabriel Gatehouse has this report.

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News cameras are still not allowed inside the scarred Westgate mall,

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but the BBC has obtained these pictures which give a sense of the

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terror shoppers faced that Saturday afternoon as they fled through the

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corridors of the complex, pursued by here in terrible conditions as BCG

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VCE jet stretched. Shop owners have been allowed in to retrieve what is

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left of their merchandise. The siege. Looters have been at work

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here, cleaning out shops, currency exchange offices, even parking

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whether the attack could have been machines. There is a strong stench

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already be in Somalia. -- who is gauge and, he said some of them

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already be in Somalia. -- who is involved in the investigation. Mary

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Westgate mall. Her mother last heard from her and that Saturday morning.

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She searched the hospitals and morgues but has drawn a blank.

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TRANSLATION: I can sync with worry. The government says the only body is

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buried in the rubble here are those of five attackers. But many are

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buried in the rubble here are those convinced. They believe the ruins of

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Let's take a look at some of the There are signs that an attempt

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Let's take a look at some of the Berlusconi to bring down the Italian

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Several of Mr Berlusconi's party colleagues have said they will defy

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his call to vote against the ruling coalition in a vote of confidence

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which may take place on Wednesday. The United Nations has called on

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Spain to overturn a law that pardons dictatorship of General Franco.

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Hundreds of thousands of people disappeared during the Spanish civil

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war and the years of fascist rule that followed. The killings remain

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unsolved because of an amnesty passed after Franco's death in

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unsolved because of an amnesty NASA says it has detected a chemical

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used to make plastic on Saturn's largest moon - Titan. It's the first

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time the chemical propylene has largest moon - Titan. It's the first

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detected away from Earth. NASA says its Cassini probe identified a small

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amount of propylene in Titan's lower atmosphere. Staying with that kind

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Scientists working on a project atmosphere. Staying with that kind

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develop undersea drones say it's easier to communicate with the moon

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than the ocean floor. Aerial drones have of course become an integral

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part of modern warfare, and their use by the US in countries like

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Afghanistan and Pakistan has been controversial. But undersea drones

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a team working in France hopes to introduce machines that will be

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a team working in France hopes to to carry out tasks from mapping

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a team working in France hopes to checking fish stocks as Christian

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We have sent plenty of unmanned explorers into space but how much do

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we really know about what is beneath the surface of our oceans? Here

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They are unmanned drones at using scientists are testing the latest

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They are unmanned drones at using give us either in the darkest depths

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of the sea bed that we never seen before. They will be used to monitor

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marine life and oil spills. They will give us three the vision of the

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ships and shipping lanes. I think is so much to discover, and new

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ships and shipping lanes. I think intelligent technology can get us

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inside a vast area of the planet. The key to the future of these

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drones and machines is getting them semi-autonomous lay. For example, in

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military terms, in a harbour like identifying a minor and another

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disabling it. The trouble is, the radio waves to demand these machines

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do not travel particularly well through sea water which means that

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marine drones have to communicate I communicate by sound. Like dolphins

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these machines will be constantly chirping to one another to swap

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commands which are high-level, and like, explore this area, pick up

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photos of this particular species and it uses its own senses and its

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own artificial intelligence to go and pick up BTL and that we request.

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-- pick up the TL omits that we request. This was used to dive on

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the wreck of the Titanic in the 1980s and still this is one of only

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six such submersibles in the world. This is a titanium sphere which

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six such submersibles in the world. withstand pressure up to 6000 metres

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but it is manned and unwieldy and extremely expensive to transport. By

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contrast, the marine drones are smaller, more versatile in the

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water, and they are much, much cheaper. If the scientists can

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perfect the technology, they can multiply the number of scientific

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exploration they organise and a multiply the number of scientific

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to day bring back will be unlike anything we have ever seen before.

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I think most of us have done this - pretend that we are strumming an

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imaginary guitar, playing the piano or some other musical instrument.

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Well, now it seems that there may be some actual musical merit in doing

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this and that it could be a key some actual musical merit in doing

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of the creative process. Researchers at Cambridge University here in

:20:39.:20:42.

of the creative process. Researchers UK have concluded that this kind of

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pretend playing of an instrument can help inspire musicians. Jon Brain

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discernible musical talent, you don't even need an instrument. But

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the creative process often kicks in don't even need an instrument. But

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the creative process often kicks in performing or even practising full.

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this horn player. He was often doing anything but actually playing the

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horn but it seemed to work, the George English was getting in some

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rehearsal time. He agrees that it is is a rhythm to it and I think we

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rehearsal time. He agrees that it is about the much maligned air guitar?

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if you are also putting in the hard hours to learn for real. Imaginary

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I don't know what to make of that. With me is Mirjam James, who's

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involved with the study. She's a research fellow with the University

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of Cambridge. What made you want to undertake this research? One of

:22:29.:22:36.

of Cambridge. What made you want to things is that the study is part of

:22:36.:22:45.

musician myself. I have played an instrument and I sang for many years

:22:45.:22:48.

and one of the things, you can be technically very good but what makes

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it successful as a performer is technically very good but what makes

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you have an extra little bit of input which is very individual.

:22:57.:23:00.

you have an extra little bit of do you get there? That is a question

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we wanted and serve. What is that link? Did you do that before you

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pretending to play? No. Practices usually perceived as the hours that

:23:13.:23:23.

Musicians are mad about that. But when we look at our students, how

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they develop their ideas are and creative ideas and their own take on

:23:26.:23:32.

that piece, they did it away from the instrument. Did they visualise

:23:33.:23:39.

their fingers on the note? No. They would sing. It didn't need to be the

:23:39.:23:43.

peace they were playing, it was would sing. It didn't need to be the

:23:43.:23:49.

to get an idea of what it was about. One of the students song something

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completely different that he thought was Spanish or he would go to the

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piano and play something which he felt sounded like a Spanish rhythm.

:23:58.:24:08.

So it helps them compose original PCs or does it help them improve

:24:08.:24:13.

generally? Ella Max it helps them improve the understanding of the

:24:13.:24:22.

different ways around it. Just take the instant away and try to think of

:24:22.:24:26.

something else to do, to think of to What about budding musicians? Will

:24:26.:24:59.

It might help them when they pick up What about budding musicians? Will

:24:59.:25:10.

the instrument. I used to play the violin and the piano. I will try the

:25:10.:25:17.

technique and let you know! A quick President Obama accuses Republican

:25:18.:25:29.

members of Congress of political blackmail for holding up the budget

:25:29.:25:33.

over his landmark health care act. He has accused the Republicans of

:25:33.:25:36.

holding the government to ransom because of our ideological demand

:25:36.:25:37.

is. It is time for the weather. because of our ideological demand

:25:37.:25:46.

the worlds News, goodbye. -- from

:25:46.:25:46.

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