02/10/2013 World News Today


02/10/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. Our top story -

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Dietro Front - that's U-turn in And it's left former Prime Minister

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bruised as his party drops its challenge to Italy's coalition

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government. President Obama summons congressional leaders to the White

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House - but can they agree a deal to end America's government shutdown?

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Greenpeace activists were arrested at gunpoint by Russian security

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And why scientists now believe Mars eruptions that may have shaped the

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Hello and welcome. Silvio Berlusconi likes to be the king-maker, if not

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ministers from his own centre-right party - refused to walk out. The

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votes are still going on, but it's already clear who is the biggest

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the Senate to get his government a Let's get more from the BBC's Alan

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the Senate to get his government a chance to implement the economic

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reforms in this country desperately continuity and stability. As he

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spoke, he knew there was trouble in Silvio Berlusconi's camp. Many were

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prepared to D5 Silvio Berlusconi and side with the government. He also

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knew he was in a corner with the real risk of a major split in his

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party. He rose to his feet and any dramatic moment capitulated. This

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Five Enrico Letta, everything was at stake. He had come to plead with the

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Senate to back his government and desperately needs. He had to deliver

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the speech of his life. Honourable senators, courage and confidence is

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what I asked. I appealed today to the entire parliament, give us your

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confidence in order to achieve these objectives. All this time, Silvio

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Berlusconi knew the affair was moving against him. Senior figures

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in his party where unhappy with moving against him. Senior figures

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decision to try to torpedo the government. They were ready to

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rebel. As he listened, he decided he had to try to limit the damage.

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rebel. As he listened, he decided he he rose it was for a humiliating

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government that can produce all structural and institutional reforms

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the country needs, we have decided not without trouble, to express

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the country needs, we have decided government. He accepted defeat and

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meekly agreed to back the coalition he had attempted to destroy. The

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government won a huge endorsement. against 70. Zero abstentions, the

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Senate approves. The prime minister Certainly one of the toughest days

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over. Several weeks ago he was in his long and tumultuous political

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over. Several weeks ago he was that has made he is liable to be

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humiliated again by being thrown out of Parliament and stripped of his

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seat and barred from public office. of Parliament and stripped of his

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We may see with than 48 hours a of Parliament and stripped of his

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marginalised and less influential. each other and he is all the time

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marginalised and less influential. That is his fate but what about

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Italy as a whole? There seems to be a vote today for stability when

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Italy as a whole? There seems to be could have been massive upheaval?

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Certainly when this exploded with his worth the role of his ministers

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from the Cabinet at the weekend his worth the role of his ministers

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Letta's government was hit below the water line and we might have been

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a few days is a very long time in Italian politics and Enrico Letta

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has emerged from the tumult very much reinforced. He will continue

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but let us not forget, this is the most awkward beast of a government.

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It brings together people from the right and left of Italian politics

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who have been rivals the entire political career and this is still

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not the most stable arrangement political career and this is still

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Let's look more at the problems political career and this is still

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facing. With me is Bill Emmott, co-writer of the documentary film

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Girlfriend In A Coma about Italy's 20-year economic, political and

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social decline. He's also a former editor of The Economist. Do you

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comebacks than Frank Sinatra. He has got a thick skin. You can never

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write him off and particularly when the humiliation like this, and it is

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a humiliation, he has a thicker the humiliation like this, and it is

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rhinoceros. He will be expelled the humiliation like this, and it is

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the Senate? He will be expelled the humiliation like this, and it is

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and will go on to house arrest for a year but is still one of Italy's

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richest men, so he can try to make a comeback but they are lazy lot to

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play for now. The big thing that happened behind the scenes is he was

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lot of people who split from him are die-hard Catholics and the church

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and he has quite a while to live seems to have deserted him. The

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and he has quite a while to live reforms of Enrico Letta? The answer

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ideas... It is not popular with reforms of Enrico Letta? The answer

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ideas... It is not popular with of incompatibles, and they all think

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they can be elected so do not want to be seen as inflicting harm. They

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are better than yesterday but not a lot better. You have this situation

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where the markets are watching and what happens in the Italian economy

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is very important. It is not purely internal. There are always shock

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waves across Europe? All across Europe there is at least between the

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reforms and fiscal austerity and the things that needs to be done to

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reforms and fiscal austerity and the the euro. An event like this keeps

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Italian politics together but it is also a temptation. One tactic he

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might do is to go against the euro. tinderbox, still very explosive

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because Italy is the third biggest economy and the biggest debt or

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because Italy is the third biggest it as any bad recession. I do not

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think it is the light at the end of the tunnel but it is a better day

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for Italian politics than it had looked like being 24 hours ago.

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Well, as Italy's Prime minister narrowly misses a crisis, President

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Obama is struggling to get out of one. In a few hours' time he will

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finally get to sit down to discuss the American government shut down,

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with Republican and Democratic congressional leaders at the White

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House. Let's put some numbers to this story to understand the scale

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All nonessential staff have no work and they're not being paid. That's

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more than 700,000 people, who make national, workforce. The costs are

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estimated at $300 million per day, although that's manageable for an

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economy the size of America's. But the bank Goldman Sachs says that if

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the shutdown lasts three weeks, the bank Goldman Sachs says that if

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could knock nearly one per cent the bank Goldman Sachs says that if

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I am joined now from Washington the bank Goldman Sachs says that if

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all eyes on the White House, but the mood music has been so difficult

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all eyes on the White House, but the far? Just the fact they are coming

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to the White House has something. This is some glimmer of hope in

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to the White House has something. very fact that you will have seen

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both the House of Representatives than the Senate, and President

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Obama, all around a table. We have heard from the house leadership

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Obama, all around a table. We have Representatives are putting on

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passing any spending is a delay Representatives are putting on

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evidence on who the American public is blaming? Americans across the

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country are simply fed up of what they see as beckoning between the

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beckoning. There is a sense that certain members of the Republican

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party are in some ways to blame certain members of the Republican

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this. That is actually a sentiment that some in the Republican party

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Republicans like Pete King say that his party has been hijacked by tea

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party sympathisers and he said other Republicans in the House of

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Representatives wants to find a other Republicans in the House of

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out of this because they too like the public are fed up of this. It is

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not necessarily a case of Republican versus Democrat because you have

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divisions within the Republican Many times we've reported on the

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now a new political crisis has hit the country. At the centre of events

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Michaloliakos, the leader of the far under arrest. He and five MPs have

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money-laundering and are linked under arrest. He and five MPs have

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the murder of a left wing activist. Pavlos Fyssas was stabbed to death

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by a Golden Dawn supporter and the investigation into his death has

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prompted extraordinary allegations leadership is the lying that link.

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-- been arguing. Here's our special report from Mark Lowen, lifting

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-- been arguing. Here's our special Charged with forming an organised

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crime gang, three MPs of Golden Charged with forming an organised

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led out of court today on bail. Charged with assault and money

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laundering, they are unrepentant. Golden Dawn has soared with the

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Greek economic collapse, the third Golden Dawn has soared with the

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most popular party, but it is in chaos after police worked after

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most popular party, but it is in left-wing activist was killed by an

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real insight from an ex-supporter. intensely secretive but we had a

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real insight from an ex-supporter. stood to attention when the leader

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came in. They talked of beating stood to attention when the leader

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gay and dark skinned people and stood to attention when the leader

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the party leader came to visit me. police fighting protesters. At least

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one is identified as a Golden Dawn member. That is why the party got

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away with it. He was almost killed a year ago by suspected supporters but

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nothing was done. That really was from. When I said Pakistan they

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stabbed me. If I was Greek, they would leave me alone. I am terrified

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to go outside. I want to go to report. We will brief some of the

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Amnesty International has accused committing human rights abuses on a

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massive scale when they tried to quell anti-government protests over

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the summer. The organisation's investigators say live ammunition

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severely beaten and women protesters China says it is continuing to

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search for the fishermen missing in the South China Sea after Typhoon

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Wutip. At least 30 people have been pulled to safety so far. But 58

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others are still listed as missing recovered. Thousands have been

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central Vietnam, after the storm hit Giant Hornets have killed 41 people

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in central China. These things are five centimetres long and venom

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in central China. These things are dissolve flesh. If that wasn't

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enough, around 1600 people have dissolve flesh. If that wasn't

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badly hurt by them. It's known that Hornets can get more aggressive

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badly hurt by them. It's known that this time of year because this is

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Now to Russia, where authorities have charged 14 Greenpeace activists

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with piracy, over a protest against oil drilling in the Arctic last

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month. They were among 30 people arrested, after two protesters from

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a Greenpeace ship tried to board an oil platform owned by the Russian

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state-controlled firm Gazprom. Daniel Sandford reports from Moscow.

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These people are being charged with piracy. It carries a prison sentence

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in Russia up to 15 years. Greenpeace described the charges as an outrage

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and an assault on the principle described the charges as an outrage

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Russian Intel security organisation Sunrise. The raid followed this

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protest two weeks ago at an Arctic environment. Russia says that the

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titanic supervolcano eruptions. to the country's economic future.

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titanic supervolcano eruptions. Scientist tell us that the blasts

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would have been thousands of times Scientist tell us that the blasts

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volcanoes, powerful enough to alter extinctions. Palab Ghosh reports.

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Mars has remnants of thousands of volcanoes including this one, nearly

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ultimate past -- blast from the past, sending up sealing hot ash

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they blotted out the sun. But rather than destroy the planet, they may

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have breathed life into it. More than three .5 billion years ago

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have breathed life into it. More might have led to this. Morris with

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atmosphere is developed. It could have allowed the planet to have

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arrived to happen to conditions have allowed the planet to have

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producing the chemical material needed. By studying pictures taken

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from orbit, the doctor found these structures which look like craters

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but are not. They are gigantic holes in the ground. These are what is

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left of the Martian supervolcano is. It is these super volcanoes that

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have shaped the planet, so I were they formed? We begin when molten

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Gradually the pressure builds up costing the pressure -- surface

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Gradually the pressure builds up break up. What is emerging is a

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story of a violent beginning from the big question is what happened

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next to have led to the dry and Clancy novel. He was perhaps the

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most widely read military novelist of time and news came said today --

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came through today that he died of time and news came said today --

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The Hunt for Red October and Patriot in astonishing numbers. With me

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The Hunt for Red October and Patriot military theme. His gift was to

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The Hunt for Red October and Patriot these detailed descriptions of the

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workings of a Soviet summer arena or together made him such a widely

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workings of a Soviet summer arena or and appreciated writer. You walk

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into any airports in the world, and appreciated writer. You walk

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see those books everywhere. He had a real gift for giving the characters

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feel empathy and humanity and at the information. It is much more than

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soap operas and page turning. This was a man who had been briefed by

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the guys on CIE arts. He had great contacts and that built up on the

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years. When military people read those books, with most writers,

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years. When military people read is do they make this stuff up. These

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are at this guy clearly knows his respect. More and more people would

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talk to him about how things worked and that fed back into the books and

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gave them a real credibility, not just for the public, but for the

:22:43.:22:46.

military world. His first break just for the public, but for the

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from Ronald Reagan. Yes, his first published book, The Hunt for Red

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October, made into a Hollywood film. Ronald Regan got it as a present and

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said, I am loving this book. He Ronald Regan got it as a present and

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some nice things about him. That helped propel the then, we are

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talking about a Cold War book. President involved in the end of the

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Cold War. It seemed like nothing could stop him. He kept churning out

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these Jack Ryan books, they are thick books and written at a good

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pace. They have been made into several Hollywood movies now. Alec

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Baldwin, Harrison Ford, Ben Affleck, characters and his books. This

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character has got such longevity and played by talented actors. It is an

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usual to catch the imagination like The United Nations Security Council

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has called on all parties in the humanitarian buzzes in the fighting

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convoys. Meanwhile, the team charged with getting rid of Syria's chemical

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Damascus. The disarmament experts are given until the end -- the

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an Emmy at the news and documentary middle of next year to complete

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They arrive like the walking dead. Uprising, reporters Ian Pannell

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They arrive like the walking dead. We do not know what was in the bomb

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but the injuries and deeply suggest something like napalm. This man

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but the injuries and deeply suggest known at the cannibal rebel, that is

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not a far-fetched propaganda claim. This was a depraved act. Are you

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sorry that you did it? I did not want to do this. I had to. We have

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to terrify the enemy, humiliate want to do this. I had to. We have

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just as they do to us. High on a cliff face in a beautiful valley,

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two small children lead the way cliff face in a beautiful valley,

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their newborn. They were forced cliff face in a beautiful valley,

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run away from their village when it was attacked by government forces.

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-- their new home. This is where A prize-winning team there were

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-- their new home. This is where extraordinary pictures and stories

:25:56.:25:56.

from inside Syria. I mean news: extraordinary pictures and stories

:25:56.:26:03.

Italian prime minister has won a confidence vote he needed in the

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Senate in Rome to hold together Italy's coalition government. This

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Berlusconi. You can say hemp there. -- say hemp. Opinion polls suggest

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that the patching together of old amongst Italian photos. Thank you

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very much for being with us here on World News Today. From me and the

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