10/10/2013 World News Today


10/10/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. Gunmen release

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the Libyan prime minister, after snatching him from a hotel in the

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powerful militia and held hostage for several hours. We ask just who

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is in control in post-Gaddafi Libya. A potential breakthrough in treating

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Alzheimer's. Scientists discover a chemical that stops brain cells

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Also coming up: The Little Master calls it a day. The world's most

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prolific batsman, Sachin Tendulkar, announces his retirement from all

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And described as a master of the short story, Canadian author Alice

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Munro wins the Nobel Prize for Hello and welcome. Libya's prime

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minister is safe, and back at work, after an extraordinary day at the

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office. Ali Zeidan was abducted after an extraordinary day at the

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a Tripoli hotel in the early hours of the morning, and held for several

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hours by armed men. It is not clear militias had been angered by a US

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commando raid to capture senior Al-Qaeda suspect, Anas al-Liby.

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commando raid to capture senior World Affairs correspondent Paul

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beleaguered Prime Minister emerges after a few hours of captivity.

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beleaguered Prime Minister emerges country, he did his best to design

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positive. TRANSLATION: Only with an army and police can a state exist. I

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thank the army and police and all thank you. The revolutionaries

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snatched him from a hotel room in the early hours of the morning.

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snatched him from a hotel room in TRANSLATION: People came sign for

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general, with an order for the special forces captured a senior

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Al-Qaeda member, Anas al-Liby. Some special forces captured a senior

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Libyans were outraged and felt sure that someone in government new.

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Libyans were outraged and felt sure Libya, there are a large number

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Libyans were outraged and felt sure these so-called militia is who

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Libyans were outraged and felt sure people who took up arms against

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Colonel Gaddafi in 2011 and have people who took up arms against

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Colonel Gaddafi in 2011 and have TRANSLATION: We are in a state of

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revolution, so we have no choice. The Libyan state has no control

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revolution, so we have no choice. the repercussions of the revolution

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because the state is weak. Two different abductions in the heart of

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the Libyan capital in less than different abductions in the heart of

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week. The government's credibility With me is the Libya and Middle

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week. The government's credibility specialist Alan George. We heard it

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state is weak? Absolutely. The fact of the matter is the dictatorship of

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Colonel Gaddafi held together a religious loyalties which all pull

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in different directions. Colonel Gaddafi was holding the country

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together and that has disappeared. Democracy is not that glue? The

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acknowledge democracy as a big enough reason to set aside the dons.

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The regional militia really control the country on the ground. There are

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lots of checkpoints. They guard their territory. You have been on

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the ground in Libya not so long their territory. You have been on

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different militia competing for turf? There are scores of militias.

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Some occupy the same premises. They have access to several thousand

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Some occupy the same premises. They The army, such as it is, is very

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small. The defence Ministry and Interior Ministry are trying to

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along with the ministry's request, but often do not. With more outside

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intervention be any help, or simply counter-productive and add more

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intervention be any help, or simply gradually over time. You talk about

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affiliated with the Colonel Gaddafi forces. When Colonel Gaddafi went,

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affiliated with the Colonel Gaddafi regime. Most Libyans really would

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prefer to see a decent central democracy. But that will be a long

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It has been more than a week since the US government went into partial

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control the House of Representatives are looking at a short-term solution

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for the other big crisis that is looming, the country's inability to

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borrowing limit. Without it, the US risks defaulting on its debts next

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week. Here's what House Speaker risks defaulting on its debts next

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Boehner said a short time ago. It is time for leadership. It is

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time for these negotiations to president will look at this as an

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opportunity and a good-faith effort on our part to move halfway to what

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is demanding in order for these Live now to Washington and our

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correspondent Jane O'Brien. We are hearing something of a positive

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reaction from the White House, so Who knows? But what we are seeing is

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a slow inching towards some kind of compromise on the debt ceiling.

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a slow inching towards some kind of borrowing limit. All sides are

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pretty much agreed that they don't want to hit the deadline of 17th of

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October and see the government default. The reaction from the White

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House at the moment has been that the administration would strongly

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prefer a long-term extension and an end to this episodic brinkmanship,

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as their spokesman put it. But the president would sign a temporary

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Bill. The president is maintaining his position that he won't negotiate

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on broader budget issues until the government has reopened. That is now

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in its 10th day of shutdown. Even if the debt ceiling is raised, there is

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no guarantee yet that the government could reopen as a result. In the

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slightly farcical atmosphere that is Washington at the moment, the fact

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that they are beginning to negotiate on a very short term solution has

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trading this morning. It is really the markets that could well dictate

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entire world because everybody is that if the US government defaults,

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funding bill that would allow it to of the US. The shutdown, however,

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funding bill that would allow it to happen, and then the long and slow

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process of debating health care happen, and then the long and slow

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other reform. Now done deals by happen, and then the long and slow

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towards a compromise and perhaps a breakthrough in the fight against

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research by a team of UK scientists has highlighted a chemical that

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research by a team of UK scientists halt the death of brain cells. It is

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hoped that experiments on mice could eventually lead to the development

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of a drug to tackle degenerative This laboratory mouse has a brain

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destroying its coordination. See how Contrast that with another mouse

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which has been given a compound Contrast that with another mouse

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protect rain tissue and stop neurons Leicester is being seen as highly

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significant by those investigating human brain diseases. Our ageing

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population means neurodegenerative diseases are affecting more and

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population means neurodegenerative Alzheimer's disease. Then there

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population means neurodegenerative Parkinson's disease and Huntington's

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disease. Scientists believe there could be a common mechanism that

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abnormal proteins in the brain. could be a common mechanism that

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shuts down protein production and cells die. The mice were given a

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compound which reactivated protein production, preventing cells from

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dying. This gives scientists a new target for tackling brain disease.

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Of the human brain is far more complicated than that of a mouse. It

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is simply too early to say whether this 1's body will ever lead to

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is simply too early to say whether drug treatments. We must be quite

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cautious because this is early stage we search. We need to do a whole lot

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more research to understand what potential new drug, testing to see

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treatment for people with these conditions. Although he can still

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play the piano, 84-year-old Dominik can no longer care for himself.

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play the piano, 84-year-old Dominik Alzheimer's is gradually robbing him

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of his ability to think and act independently. We are all living

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diagnosed with Alzheimer's and dementia. If there is something

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diagnosed with Alzheimer's and be amazing. Yes. Any practical

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benefits are still a decade away. be amazing. Yes. Any practical

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benefits are still a decade away. research marks a turning point in

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He says it will be hard to imagine a life without playing cricket, and

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for millions of fans across India, it maybe hard to imagine a life

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without him. Legendary batsman Sachin Tendulkar has announced he

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cricket after playing his 200th Sachin Tendulkar has announced he

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next month. The 40-year-old is the international cricket history,

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having made nearly 16,000 runs in 198 Tests and more than 18,000 runs

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in 463 one day-ers. He burst onto the international stage at just

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in 463 one day-ers. He burst onto in 1989. Our sports correspondent

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Sachin Tendulkar has scored more devotion of his followers crosses

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into the spiritual. Home bash those who know him well admire his cricket

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talent and his ability to ignore other issues. He has led his life

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very simply. He never gets carried away. I have seen the best part

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very simply. He never gets carried Sachin Tendulkar when I played with

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him for 14 years. I was his captain Sachin Tendulkar made his first

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century for India in 1990 against England. He became a celebrity and

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statesman. When India revealed after the Mumbai attacks in 2008, he told

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his countrymen that he played for India now more than ever. I think it

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is easy to forget Brian Lara. He got out earlier. But those two are the

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best two players by a long way in the last 20 years. For many in

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India, Sachin Tendulkar is in so passable. The two test matches which

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remain in his career will be the opportunity for an outpouring of

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Absolutely, when he saved India opportunity for an outpouring of

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defeat at Old Trafford. And when he became the first non-white to play

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conference at the Oval, he kept for Yorkshire. The odd person had

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conference at the Oval, he kept gathered skirt. He was very polite.

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Ireland when he was taken around the gathered skirt. He was very polite.

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Ireland when he was taken around the dressing room, and he said -- his

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tour guide said, you know what, Sachin Tendulkar, you should take

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these young girls out and show them grace for all those years, breaking

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Without giving the impression that he was greater. The hubris, he never

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When he was available, he made it appear very natural. He has become

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such an iconic figure in India, appear very natural. He has become

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in India if you criticise Sachin Tendulkar, it is as if you are

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maligning the whole of India. On the two occasions it has happened, when

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major sin in cricket, parliament held a debate about how good they

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Yes. In India the moment, a lot held a debate about how good they

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distrust of politicians, Sachin just on the field but off the field.

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interviews I have seen of him, there's been very measured about

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what he should do. And when a great sportsman retires, we think, why has

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he retired? He still has to get sportsman retires, we think, why has

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moment he gets up on politics, it will be very divisive, which every

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He will. They would love to happen, Normally in India sports men haven't

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become great politicians. We have Would you bet that he will go into

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I think you want. He is such a big name a brand-name, you will use

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I think you want. He is such a big perhaps to promote something is

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which he thinks are for the good of the country. So that he keeps his

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image of Sachin Tendulkar, the benefactor. The man who gave us

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image of Sachin Tendulkar, the lavish runs is doing something for

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think that would be his motivation rather than going into politics

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British forces have marked another withdrawal of combat troops from

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Afghanistan. The last major British force to go to Helmand province

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Afghanistan. The last major British southern Afghanistan has begun its

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Brigade, otherwise known as the Desert Rats, began its nine month

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tour of duty with a special handover ceremony. David Loyn reports from

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A lone piper in the Afghan desert rats. 80 years after they won their

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A lone piper in the Afghan desert This is a very different brigade to

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this and be proud of their legacy? to finish the mission on timetable

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this and be proud of their legacy? Absolutely. The British public are

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this and be proud of their legacy? British forces in Afghanistan. They

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I was on the streets almost eight years ago on the January morning

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when British soldiers first set years ago on the January morning

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What you think of the atmosphere? Everyone has been really friendly.

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They are happy to see us. We are British or stop how different it is

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now when we travel in a heavily On the way to see a court. Better

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justice is something British are promoted. But it seems remote from

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people outside. We watch the case of this man who was convicted under

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available under the Taliban, biting Iman's your any fight. The chief

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justice said security does not now outside his court, security felt

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This man said the Afghan police outside his court, security felt

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not good enough to keep order on their own when the British leave.

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Helmand certainly feels different now to when British troops arrived.

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Girls schools have closed under now to when British troops arrived.

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Taliban are now so full can keep up. Many are held in tents. But as

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Britain's Longmore enters its final phase, there are searching questions

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being asked about whether it has been worth the huge cost and loss of

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soldiers first walked out here Now a look at some of the day's

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Charles Taylor, the former president of Liberia is to serve his 50 years

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sentence for war crimes in the UK. He is the first head of state to be

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convicted by the courts since the end of the Second World War. The

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charges against them, including murder, rape and terrorism, stem

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from his support for the rebels murder, rape and terrorism, stem

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Police in Pakistan said of the former president, Musharraf has

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Police in Pakistan said of the arrested after a military raid on a

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resulted in the deaths of many people including a radical cleric.

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under house arrest on other charges. The Pakistani teenager and education

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campaign who was shot by the Taliban for her work has warned the European

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campaign who was shot by the Taliban Union's annual human rights award.

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The price for freedom of thought is revolutionized the art of short

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The price for freedom of thought is stories in which she often deals

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and, as she puts it, the 'underbelly think I knew that I was even on

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and, as she puts it, the 'underbelly yesterday. My daughter woke me up.

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She just said, mum, you won. I was dazed about what had I won. I came

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With me is Amit Chaudhuri, novelist literature at the University of

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With me is Amit Chaudhuri, novelist Anglia here the UK. She sounded

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shocked. She is genuinely modest for Cheers. But there is reason for

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shocked. She is genuinely modest for to be taken by surprise. The people

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who were being mentioned in relation contenders, our writers of what

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who were being mentioned in relation often called the global novel full

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stop. And Alice Munro write the complete opposite of that will stop

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her great work is based on place, provincial small towns, and she

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her great work is based on place, the great practitioner of this

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unpopular for. At one time very popular, but especially in the

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English language, quite unpopular for some reason - the short story.

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Not given its due, and especially in the English language and Anglophone

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you look at France, chart story writers are national treasures.

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you look at France, chart story is a wonderful thing that a person

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who has pursued a relatively narrow area and focus on it and enriched it

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has also pursued the short story, should be seen to be not only a

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claim to be recognised in this way. You were on the man Booker panel

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totality of her work. Often she takes, as you say, small subjects

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like stifling small-town life from a single perspective, RJ has exquisite

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language, but then she has these with any small town, or from one

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small town to another. There is with any small town, or from one

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wonderful short story called the Ottawa Valley, about arriving there.

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We have two look at her in the context of Canadian writing, and

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We have two look at her in the nonpolice writing. And what she

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We have two look at her in the about the quotidian, the commonplace

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We have two look at her in the of Canadian life and stop. What

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We have two look at her in the means to be inside a room, but the

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room feels like any city in Canada, the worry about paying rent next

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month. The most humdrum aspects the worry about paying rent next

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Amit Chaudhuri, thank you very much. A reminder of our main news: the

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Libyan Prime Minister has spoken for He described the kidnapping as a

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followed from the revolution and called on all parties to unite and

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Well, that's all from the programme.

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