11/10/2013 World News Today


11/10/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas. A major rescue

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more than 300 migrants drowned when 200 passengers are said to have

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more than 300 migrants drowned when sank off the island of Lampedusa.

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more than 300 migrants drowned when The body charged with dismantling

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does that mean for the ambitious is awarded Nobel Peace Prize. What

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does that mean for the ambitious new study that suggests elephants

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And from a small town in South Africa to the grand stage of La

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Good evening. We begin with breaking news and what appears to be another

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major accident involving hundreds of people on a migrant boat in the

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Mediterranean. Reports are coming and that a boat has capsized between

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Europe and North Africa, this time between Sicily and Tunisia. The

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Italian coastguard says 12 people have died. This all comes just one

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week after the boat capsized of have died. This all comes just one

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tiny Italian island of Lampedusa. Matthew Price is an Lampedusa and

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reports from the aftermath of that tragedy which claimed the lives

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reports from the aftermath of that relatives of those who did have

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reports from the aftermath of that flowing hair, clutching photos to

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brothers, sisters and children. flowing hair, clutching photos to

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week and they are still being told the bodies can not yet be released

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for burial. We were given rare access and said Lampedusa's refugees

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centre. It has room for 250, many more have crowded in this week.

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centre. It has room for 250, many overflow outside and sleep in the

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dark. There are people from Eritrea, Somalia and those like summer and

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her four children who did not want to be identified, fleeing the war in

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Ksenia. They paid £3000 to cross the sea. It was like a death trap, a

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recommend it to anyone. We were dying in Ksenia and re-phased death

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coming here too. It was only God to help us make it through. Also here,

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cost you to come there? From Libya we found at men. How much did it

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cost you to come there? From Libya to hear it was exactly $9,000. How

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difficult was the journey, were to hear it was exactly $9,000. How

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the boats that migrants used for the afraid? I could not repeat the trip.

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the boats that migrants used for the in order to board one of these death

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traps and risk your life looking for a better future will stop it is

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traps and risk your life looking for just silly and is coming across

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traps and risk your life looking for these boards, this year alone tens

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horrendous voyage. While war and poverty continue to fuel this mass

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Europe's politicians can do to poverty continue to fuel this mass

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today who came here without their those that do make it. 39 children

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today who came here without their fate in Europe to look after them.

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latest incident? What appears to have happened is about 60 miles

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latest incident? What appears to Lampedusa, and remember, here we are

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in the middle of the Mediterranean, almost equip distant between the

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coast of Sicily and the foot of Italy and North Africa and coast, 60

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miles from here South East, another boat sent out an SOS call the hours

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ago and then capsized and sank. people were on board. Because of

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last week's disaster, the Italian Navy had a few boats that were

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patrolling those waters and it is understood they quickly got some

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helicopters up and those helicopters managed to rescue 120 people, but if

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it is true that there were 250 or so people on board, that would leave

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These are dozens of people that people on board, that would leave

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difficulty of these operations? Absolutely. This happened at around

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five o'clock local time, which would looking. One need a spokesperson

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told of them being 200 people in the water. We do not know, of course,

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whether there were still people water. We do not know, of course,

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the boat when it sank, as was the case as happened here just one mile

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off the coast of Lampedusa when case as happened here just one mile

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other boat sank last week. It is perfectly possible that there were

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still people in the hull of that both. What has become clear being an

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Lampedusa of the last few days and speaking to those who made the boat

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strike, the smugglers who conducted these operations packed as many

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strike, the smugglers who conducted as we could. What seems to be the

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pattern is that women and children are put into the hold of the boat,

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underneath the deck, that may well be to give them shelter on the

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crossing because it is incredibly Mediterranean sun and also shelter

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from any storms. Mostly it appears the pattern as you have men on the

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the world's stockpile of chemical leave the men with the best chance

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the world's stockpile of chemical Organisation for the Prohibition of

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on the challenge of dismantling Ksenia's chemical arsenal, that

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on the challenge of dismantling chemical weapons around the world.

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on the challenge of dismantling The organisation has conducted more

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on the challenge of dismantling countries. It has overseen the

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destruction of 56,000 tonnes of Convention that as Angola, not

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destruction of 56,000 tonnes of crisis in Ksenia, the OPCW faces its

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most daunting challenge to date Omagh the complete destruction of

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Ksenia's chemical weapons by the middle of next year, a task which

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organisation's reputation. Recent events in Syria where we have seen

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chemical weapons put to use have underlined the need to enhance the

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weapons. The OPCW has been working weapons for 16 years. Its inspectors

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are trained to identify, handle weapons for 16 years. Its inspectors

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horrifying weapons ever produced. It's painstaking and the glorious

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United States has destroyed around The organisation says it has carried

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out almost 5300 inspections to date throughout 86 countries in the

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world. It says more than 80% of throughout 86 countries in the

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world's declared stockpiles have been verifiably destroyed. This

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world's declared stockpiles have inspire us father to a stronger

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commitment and greater dedication. I truly hope that this award and the

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OPCW's ongoing mission in Ksenia will have broader efforts to achieve

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suffering of its people. The work in Ksenia has only just begun, the

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suffering of its people. The work in progress so far. The Syrian regime

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seems to be cooperation and it has tonnes of chemical agents and the

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cursors, mustard gas, sarin and tonnes of chemical agents and the

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Destroying all of this in a matter of months would be an achievement

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Few people know more about the human impact of chemical weapons than

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Kamaran Haider, who now joins me impact of chemical weapons than

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from one of our studios in the south of England. He was 11 years of age

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when Saddam Hussein bombed the courts of Halabja with chemical

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weapons, most of his family were among the 5000 estimated to have

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# The cards. He was in a shelter survived that attack. First about

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# The cards. He was in a shelter an announcement and decision that

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organisation. I was very happy when I heard that the Nobel Peace Prize

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organisation. The organisation, I heard that the Nobel Peace Prize

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do hard work and such peaceful work. It prevents civilian people

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effects of which no one knows unless painful. Most of the victims of

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effects of which no one knows unless chemical weapons are civilians. I

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know one of the points that you weapons was that there is nowhere to

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hide, that is what happened to you and your family, as it not? That is

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correct. I will repeat the question for you. Remind us what happened to

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you, your family, your parents, for you. Remind us what happened to

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knew something was happening. I for you. Remind us what happened to

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11 years old and with my family which included my father, mother,

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brother and sister. On the 16th which included my father, mother,

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March 1988 at 11 o'clock in the morning we started to bombard us

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with bombs. We went into a shelter that my father had built. When the

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chemical bombardment started we that my father had built. When the

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neighbours came to the shelter with us to be safe from the chemical

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bombardment. When it started we could get a strong smell. From that

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smell we knew it was a chemical but chemical weapons travelled

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through the air and cause great but chemical weapons travelled

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difficulty for civilians. Thank but chemical weapons travelled

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perspective from Sir Professor but chemical weapons travelled

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Professor Edwards Spears who wrote inspectors. Do you think the Nobel

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Peace Prize was appropriate or still perhaps premature? It is certainly

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appropriate in the sense that this perhaps premature? It is certainly

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appropriate in the sense that this task. The focus is, of course, and

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the Syrian use of chemical weapons and it is premature only in the

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sense that they have only begun and it is premature only in the

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process at the moment and they have a very tight schedule and there

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process at the moment and they have is feasible, given they have such a

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tight deadline in the middle of is feasible, given they have such a

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year, as you said, and they are is feasible, given they have such a

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situation of active warfare? It is feasible, given they have such a

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unprecedented what they are being asked to do. You must feel for the

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planning the visits. Seven of the declared chemical facilities are in

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themselves. Many of the facilities are in urban areas as well which

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will not ease the task of destroying them. How do you think the mission

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is going insofar as getting lists of weapons stocks and getting access,

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how much do you think, in blunt terms, I suppose, do you think the

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Syrian regime has playing ball? They seem to have delivered a sufficient

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and then Terry of stocks and weapons to be credible. -- inventory. And to

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be accepted by the international community at face value. This does

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comprehensive declaration. We will not know that for some time. There

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are other states that have signed the deal like Libya and Russia who

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have still concealed stocks of chemical weapons, despite their

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protestations of signing up to the complete destruction. Thank you

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protestations of signing up to the conventional weapons. Now, human

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rights watch has accused Syrian Islamist rebel groups of carrying

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out war crimes in August. It says they killed around 190 civilians and

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took 200 hostages when they captured some Alawite villages near the

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pictures in this village in northern Syria after the end of a two-week

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rebel offensive in August. The organisation accuses Islamist rebels

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and taking more than 200 civilians villagers explained to her is what

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they found when they returned after government forces gained control.

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They told us that a number of family members which they had to leave

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al-Nusra, the rebel group allied to Al-Qaeda. Al-Nusra, seen here, is

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one of many different movements which make up the Syrian armed

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opposition. Its tactics include indiscriminate attacks and bombings.

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terrorist organisation. The rebel attacks against Alawite villages

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highlighted the increasing problem faced by countries which oppose

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President Assad. The rebels, whose cause they share, are now accused of

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the same kind of crimes as the president they are trying to bring

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The Formula one test driver Maria de Villota has been found dead in her

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hotel room in Seville. One of the lost an eye in an accident when

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testing for them are shocked him last year. It is thought she died of

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Her courage after a life changing crash had drawn admiration through

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the sporting world. This was her last autumn, starting to rebuild her

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shattered. She was that rarity. last autumn, starting to rebuild her

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female driver in the male dominated world of Formula one. She became a

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test driver for the Marussia team. She suffered a horrific crash. She

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lost her right eye and nearly her life. But her determination was

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lost her right eye and nearly her dimmed. She wanted to inspire female

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campaigns. News of her death has left Formula one in the shock.

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campaigns. News of her death has weekend's Japanese Grand Prix. This

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close community here and nearly dark place at the moment. It is

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close community here and nearly loss we had here. Her legacy to

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close community here and nearly sport as one of its few female

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especially. You could not have you should go for it. It is believed

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Scientists have discovered they respond to human gestures. We can

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speak to Professor Richard Byrne of St Andrews University. He joins

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speak to Professor Richard Byrne of from our studio in Dundee. This

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speak to Professor Richard Byrne of fascinating because it seems to

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suggest elephants have any abilities we were not aware of. It does. They

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are very important abilities if we were not aware of. It does. They

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are interested in human origins because they are critical in child

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development. The ability to follow pointing are regarded as important

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steps in a child's development. Where did you pick the elephants? We

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were lucky to be able to work with a company in Zimbabwe which rescues

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elephants and trains them inhumane They let us test the elephants. They

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were able to point. You were asking them to choose and they could point.

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They were not pointing. They were following our pointing. My colleague

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was indicating which of two buckets she had put food in and the only way

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they could get it right was to follow her arm gestures. This is the

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intelligence which we have not found in animals more closely related

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intelligence which we have not found humans. Yes, when psychologists

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first looked to see whether other animals had this ability, they

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looked to chimpanzees. Chimpanzees straightaway. Is this coincidence or

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is it accurate to talk of humanlike until it is given that we have not

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been related for so long? I think it is accurate. It shows that second

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humanlike abilities can evolve in distant animals which have a need to

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solve similar problems. It cannot distant animals which have a need to

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a coincidence that elephants are so highly social. Elephants live in a

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complex social worlds. They know highly social. Elephants live in a

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lots of other individuals and have highly social. Elephants live in a

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scene. She has won a string of La Scala in Milan and New York's

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Pretty Yende has come a long way since her days as a soprano in the

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choir here at all high school. I can see in the children's eyes, their

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joy and the hope that they can do it discovered opera music when she

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first heard it on a television advert. She studied opera at the

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University of Cape Town. Her first pianist was Isabeau Kotze. When

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University of Cape Town. Her first first heard her voice I said to

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University of Cape Town. Her first husband, we have got a princess

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University of Cape Town. Her first the making. Listen, this girl's

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Pretty Yende has come back to share her story with the story of Piet

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Retief to tell them that her success was through hard work and dreaming

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big. And dreaming big she did. The power of her voice brought her first

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two La Scala in Milan and then to the world's attention at her debut

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Pretty Yende is now inspiring a generation Mac at home. -- back

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Pretty Yende is now inspiring a You can relax because I'm not going

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to sing. You can find out more about the BBC's 100 Women season on our

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Just to remind you of our breaking news. A major rescue operation is

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underway in the Mediterranean as another boat carrying refugees

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