21/10/2013 World News Today


21/10/2013

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 21/10/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC world News today. The mysterious case of the young girl in

:00:00.:00:15.

Greece. Aroma couple appear in court charged with her abduction. -- a

:00:16.:00:23.

Roma couple. The couple said they adopted her as a baby and loved and

:00:24.:00:28.

cared for her. The hunt for her real parents begins. A female suicide

:00:29.:00:34.

bomber attacks are bash -- at tax a bus in Russia. Will this raise

:00:35.:00:37.

concerns ahead of the Winter Olympics? Coming up: A weather

:00:38.:00:43.

warning in Australia. High wind is forecast. Three wildfires threaten

:00:44.:00:51.

to merge into one. This meeting of the Central committee... 50 years

:00:52.:00:56.

on, we look back in the archives to see what it was like for the first

:00:57.:01:00.

BBC correspondent to report from behind the Iron Curtain.

:01:01.:01:15.

Welcome. She is blonde, blue-eyed and her name is Maria. The

:01:16.:01:23.

authorities in Greece want to know how she ended up in a Roma community

:01:24.:01:29.

in the country being raised by a couple who are unrelated to her as

:01:30.:01:34.

DNA tests proved. Today, the couple were charged with her abduction

:01:35.:01:40.

They say they adopted her, but questions remain as to her true

:01:41.:01:44.

identity, and there are also has been questions about the issue of

:01:45.:01:47.

child trafficking in Greece. She was discovered during a raid last week.

:01:48.:01:55.

Loving adopted parents or the abductors of Maria? The first images

:01:56.:02:00.

today of the couple suspected by police of kidnapping a little girl

:02:01.:02:05.

for unknown reasons. They have now appeared in court to face charges

:02:06.:02:10.

that they deny. Maria was, they say, given to her by someone who could

:02:11.:02:15.

not look after her. Members of the Roma community rallied in their

:02:16.:02:18.

defence. The house where they lived was locked up today. No answer at

:02:19.:02:23.

the door. Just signs of a child s life strewn across the front porch.

:02:24.:02:28.

A neighbour said the couple was taking care of her well, she was

:02:29.:02:32.

crying when the police took her So what if she was blonde? In the next

:02:33.:02:39.

workshop, this shop owner said he phoned her presents unusual. He did

:02:40.:02:44.

not know how she ended up here. We tried to film in the larger Roma

:02:45.:02:47.

community over there but we were attacked and chased away. They

:02:48.:02:52.

believe they are marginalised and negative stereotypes of them will

:02:53.:02:57.

only be reinforced. Many Greeks say it is the involvement of some of

:02:58.:02:59.

them in illegal activity which created that perception. Either way,

:03:00.:03:08.

the case has exposed the lack of social integration. What now of the

:03:09.:03:15.

search for her biological parents? She's one of 250,000 children who go

:03:16.:03:19.

missing in Europe every year. An international appeal to find her

:03:20.:03:25.

family is gathering pace. She is very happy, feeling well,

:03:26.:03:28.

communicating and playing with her toys. We will try to see if there

:03:29.:03:35.

are specifically that would be useful for the police. There are

:03:36.:03:39.

probing questions. How a seemingly out of place little girl lived here

:03:40.:03:42.

so long? What there is something sinister involved? How far across

:03:43.:03:51.

this community doesn't stretch? I am joined in the studio by the Chief

:03:52.:03:58.

Executive of a missing Persons Charity. What is the likelihood of

:03:59.:04:03.

Maria's true mother or father being found? We would hope with the

:04:04.:04:11.

extensive publicity, which, for any missing child is absolutely key to

:04:12.:04:15.

get the message out there, and somebody watching broadcast

:04:16.:04:19.

somewhere is going recognise her. I know that smile of the child, who

:04:20.:04:26.

are looking after her, have received thousands of calls. There has been

:04:27.:04:31.

called across Europe and it shows you the pan-European response. Build

:04:32.:04:39.

up a picture. Typically, in Europe and beyond, what are the numbers of

:04:40.:04:44.

missing children? What age are they? Or are they teenagers? Viewers might

:04:45.:04:54.

be surprised to know that 250,0 0 missing children are reported across

:04:55.:04:58.

Europe every year, in the UK, 140,000 go missing. Do we make up

:04:59.:05:07.

140,000 of 250,000? It is an interesting statistic. We need to

:05:08.:05:12.

look across Europe to make sure the data collection is synchronised We

:05:13.:05:17.

are a member of an organisation which makes to appeal for children

:05:18.:05:23.

and provide helpline services and we are calling for some kind of

:05:24.:05:31.

synchronisation of that data. This 250,000 children who go missing are

:05:32.:05:34.

the abducted or do they run away of their own accord? The reasons are

:05:35.:05:41.

quite extensive. It is unusual of a child of this age to go missing

:05:42.:05:47.

Many of these are young people who have ran away from home. Some of

:05:48.:05:54.

those are classed as abduction, and we collect that information in

:05:55.:05:57.

different ways. Some of the children have been abducted either by

:05:58.:06:00.

appearing to someone known to them, or in some cases by a stranger. We

:06:01.:06:05.

cannot comment on this because we do not have the exact facts, what the

:06:06.:06:13.

Roma couple say they adopted her. That is not child trafficking as

:06:14.:06:22.

such but is illegal. There are theories and speculation. We do not

:06:23.:06:27.

know the details. Looking at the photos, we have an honourable girl

:06:28.:06:30.

who has been missing. We need to find and reconcile her with her

:06:31.:06:35.

natural parents and find out. Does it raise questions about the issue

:06:36.:06:40.

of child trafficking? I think it does. Any missing children raises

:06:41.:06:44.

that. We know this is a global issue. Some of the children who go

:06:45.:06:49.

missing will have been the victim of trafficking. In this case it is

:06:50.:06:53.

usually the other way round. Impoverished Roma families will give

:06:54.:07:00.

up a child to other families. It is interesting this is the other way

:07:01.:07:03.

round. It is, and it is quite unusual. It is usually the other way

:07:04.:07:10.

round. We do not know where they are. This turns it around. We did

:07:11.:07:16.

not even touch on the issue of missing adults. Thank you for

:07:17.:07:22.

talking to us. Now to the growing issue of migrants risking their

:07:23.:07:25.

lives crossing the Mediterranean to reach Europe. Today in Italy, a

:07:26.:07:30.

commemoration ceremony was held for the hundreds who died when their

:07:31.:07:34.

boat sank near the tiny island of Lampedusa. There was anger for some

:07:35.:07:43.

who broke through the gates of their detention centre when they were told

:07:44.:07:46.

they could not attend the event in Sicily. It fell short of the state

:07:47.:07:52.

funeral promised by the Prime Minister. The recent tragedy has

:07:53.:07:56.

highlighted the plight of thousands of migrants desperate to escape for

:07:57.:08:01.

a new life in Europe. All this week on BBC world News we are reporting

:08:02.:08:04.

on the perilous journey they face and the challenge for European

:08:05.:08:10.

governments. Some migrants begin their journey from war-torn

:08:11.:08:13.

countries like Syria, they head for Egypt or Olivia hoping to board a

:08:14.:08:21.

vessel to Italy, Malta or Greece. -- Libya. Rough seas lash the shore in

:08:22.:08:31.

Alexandria. This is the only escape route for many Syrian refugees.

:08:32.:08:37.

Smugglers take them on a perilous voyage. Some pay with their lives.

:08:38.:08:43.

For others, the dream of a new life has ended in police stations like

:08:44.:08:48.

this one, where we managed to film covertly. Hundreds have been

:08:49.:08:55.

detained without charge. Among them, this baby. He has been held by

:08:56.:09:01.

Egyptian police for the past month. Half of his short life. This woman

:09:02.:09:09.

is stranded here, a prisoner of her grief. Wrapped in white, the bodies

:09:10.:09:14.

of three of her daughters. They died in a shipwreck ten days ago. I was

:09:15.:09:23.

kicking and kicking and trying to stay afloat. I looked over and I saw

:09:24.:09:30.

my handicapped daughter was gone. She went under the water and did not

:09:31.:09:36.

come. Goodbye, my child. My other daughter held onto my neck and said,

:09:37.:09:42.

where is my sister? Did she drowned? I had to tell her she was

:09:43.:09:46.

saved. Suddenly, water came on top of us. I saw three white lights I

:09:47.:09:52.

did not know then my third daughter was also gone. Across town is

:09:53.:10:00.

another police station, war-weary citizens are jammed in. Egypt's says

:10:01.:10:08.

the refugees are treated decently. Critics say they are treated like

:10:09.:10:12.

convicts. Human rights activists claim they are, in effect, forcibly

:10:13.:10:18.

deported, sometimes back to Syria. We have cases where even they do not

:10:19.:10:23.

get the food aid, or get the food at all. They stay for two days without

:10:24.:10:30.

food. There is pressure to find ways to leave the country. In recent

:10:31.:10:37.

months, more and more Assyrians have been fleeing these shores. --

:10:38.:10:46.

Syrians. They said everything changed when President Mohammed

:10:47.:10:49.

Morsi was ousted. They have been accused of backing the Muslim

:10:50.:10:55.

Brotherhood. Many refugees say they have no choice but to risk their

:10:56.:11:03.

lives and go. This is one of them. We are concealing her identity

:11:04.:11:06.

because she still has family in Damascus. The 23-year-old student is

:11:07.:11:15.

ready to risk everything. I think the sea will be more merciful to us

:11:16.:11:20.

than the people here, she says. Once you get to Europe, you become a

:11:21.:11:27.

human being. Now we are not human. She knows she could be cheated by

:11:28.:11:31.

the traffickers, arrested by the police, or drowned at sea. But

:11:32.:11:36.

better death, she says, than life without dignity.

:11:37.:11:44.

That report on the difficulties for migrants. Now to Russia, where a

:11:45.:11:50.

suspected suicide bomb attack on a bus in the southern Russian city of

:11:51.:11:54.

Volgograd has killed six people and injured more than 30. We can now

:11:55.:11:59.

show you these pictures, which I should warn you are distressing

:12:00.:12:05.

They were captured on a dashboard camera in a car behind the bus.

:12:06.:12:11.

Anti-terrorism officials said an explosive device was detonated by a

:12:12.:12:12.

female suicide bomber. She is from the province of Dagestan

:12:13.:12:22.

in the North Caucasus. This has raised concern ahead of the Winter

:12:23.:12:26.

Olympics in such a, which is at the western end of the Caucasus. --

:12:27.:12:36.

Sochi. We are joined by the Russian ambassador. The authorities were

:12:37.:12:46.

quick to name this bomber. -- Russian commentator. There was a

:12:47.:12:52.

quickness to this, but they probably had some clue to the identity. It is

:12:53.:12:57.

definitely a disturbing element because we have not had such

:12:58.:13:00.

terrorist acts in Russia for quite some time, apart from Dagestan and

:13:01.:13:09.

the neighbouring province, where you have a low intensity guerrilla war

:13:10.:13:14.

going on between the state and the Islamists. I think that this is

:13:15.:13:22.

something that gives you food for thought. This is what you could call

:13:23.:13:28.

an attack on the Russian mainland. Do you think coming ahead of the

:13:29.:13:38.

Winter Olympics in 2014 the security forces will be raising their game?

:13:39.:13:48.

It looks like our commentator has frozen. The joys of the webcam, I'm

:13:49.:13:55.

afraid. We will just try one more time. He seems to have disappeared.

:13:56.:14:00.

He did give a rather full and so right at the beginning, from Moscow.

:14:01.:14:14.

-- answer. The suicide bomber who killed 16 and injured 32. It is one

:14:15.:14:18.

of the worst disasters in New South Wales for decades. A blisteringly

:14:19.:14:24.

warm spring made conditions perfect for bushfires. Hundreds have already

:14:25.:14:29.

lost their homes and weather forecasters say worse could be

:14:30.:14:33.

coming. High wind is making it harder for the firefighters. The

:14:34.:14:44.

badgers have reached 37 Celsius The worst threat in the area is the Blue

:14:45.:14:49.

Mountains. It is feared that two huge blazes could merge together.

:14:50.:14:53.

New South Wales has declared a state of emergency. Around the clock,

:14:54.:15:03.

firefighters here are battling for control. But the task is massive.

:15:04.:15:11.

The biggest fire in the Blue Mountains has a perimeter stretching

:15:12.:15:17.

almost 200 miles. This is probably one of the biggest fires around here

:15:18.:15:23.

in the 24 years I have been working. Here, we have fire on all sides of

:15:24.:15:31.

you. Some of the site is being carried out by the error. On the

:15:32.:15:37.

ground, thousands of firefighters, most of them volunteers. What they

:15:38.:15:45.

are doing here is back burning fighting fire with fire, basically

:15:46.:15:49.

controlling fires to burn of vegetation before the dangerous

:15:50.:15:52.

fires can get here. What they are worried about is if several of these

:15:53.:15:57.

huge blazes merge into one big fire later in the week. The weather is

:15:58.:16:04.

not helping. Temperatures today rose into the high 30s. The real fear is

:16:05.:16:08.

the arrival of strong winds, forecast from Wednesday. Many living

:16:09.:16:14.

here have been watching nervously to see if the fires can be held at bay.

:16:15.:16:20.

I have been really anxious for them to burn it because we can then stop

:16:21.:16:23.

worrying about it. We have been watching the fire for two days,

:16:24.:16:34.

creeping this way. It is not just his home under threat. Nearby,

:16:35.:16:39.

firefighters discovered a pet possum, injured but still alive It

:16:40.:16:45.

is not known what damage it has wreaked on this country 's wildlife.

:16:46.:16:50.

Hundreds of houses have already been lost. Families have been left with

:16:51.:16:56.

nothing. Many more homes could go before this emergency is over. 0

:16:57.:17:05.

miles away, Sydney, Australia 's biggest city is cloaked in smoke. A

:17:06.:17:08.

reminder that these fires are uncomfortably close. All this before

:17:09.:17:16.

a summer has even started. Nuclear power is controversial. It

:17:17.:17:20.

stirs passionate debate amongst its advocates and critics. In Britain,

:17:21.:17:24.

nuclear power is part of the energy mix and today Hinkley Point C, the

:17:25.:17:27.

first nuclear power station to be built in Britain for a generation,

:17:28.:17:31.

was given the go-ahead. Hinkley Point C will take ten years to

:17:32.:17:36.

build. It will generate 7% of the UK's electricity supply. It is

:17:37.:17:39.

expected to create around 25,00 jobs during construction. I'm joined

:17:40.:17:44.

now by Ian Fells, Emeritus Professor of Energy Conversion at the

:17:45.:17:49.

University of Newcastle. He has also worked as an energy consultant

:17:50.:18:00.

including British Nuclear Fuels Caroline Lucas from the Green party

:18:01.:18:04.

says the money would have been better spent on energy efficiency

:18:05.:18:10.

and renewable energy? Energy efficiency is a very good thing

:18:11.:18:14.

Renewable energy, we are going at it as hard as we can and it is very

:18:15.:18:20.

heavily subsidised. But there is no way that renewable energy can

:18:21.:18:23.

provide for all of our future needs as far as electricity is concerned.

:18:24.:18:27.

It just cannot be done. I used to be the chairman of that so I can tell

:18:28.:18:33.

you with some authority, we will never be able to produce more than

:18:34.:18:39.

20% of our renewable electricity from renewables. We need nuclear

:18:40.:18:46.

power and actually, in terms of this, it is more reliable than

:18:47.:18:51.

renewables. When the wind does not blow, it has to be backed up from

:18:52.:18:55.

somewhere else, and secondly, the subsidy for renewables is much

:18:56.:19:00.

bigger than the subsidy that will come in as a result of this deal

:19:01.:19:07.

with nuclear power. When you look at other major European countries

:19:08.:19:17.

saying, we don't want nuclear energy. Even in France weather has

:19:18.:19:21.

been a lot of nuclear energy, even they are receiving from that so it

:19:22.:19:25.

is with those who are more reluctant to use nuclear energy? As far as

:19:26.:19:31.

Germany is concerned, they had a very successful nuclear programme

:19:32.:19:37.

providing about 32% of their electricity and then as a result of

:19:38.:19:43.

Fukushima, they behaved, in my view, quite hysterically. They suddenly

:19:44.:19:50.

said, we will not use nuclear power any more. This was disastrous for

:19:51.:19:53.

the people around the nuclear power stations who lost millions of

:19:54.:19:59.

euros. They found, although they have a lot of renewable energy,

:20:00.:20:03.

there is no way that can replace them, so what are they doing? They

:20:04.:20:07.

are building five coal-fired power stations. When you look at the cost

:20:08.:20:14.

of Hinkley Point C, they have quadrupled from the original

:20:15.:20:19.

estimate of ?4 billion, that will put a lot of people of nuclear

:20:20.:20:26.

energy? It might well put the investors off! I have to say that it

:20:27.:20:32.

started off with a price tag of ?5 billion and then it rose to ?14

:20:33.:20:38.

billion up to two days ago and now the price tag has been increased to

:20:39.:20:43.

?16 billion. I find that extremely unsatisfactory. Newly emerging

:20:44.:20:51.

nations around the world are beginning to look at building their

:20:52.:20:54.

own generation of nuclear power is. Do you see the attraction for

:20:55.:21:00.

emerging nations like this to go down that path, in other words we

:21:01.:21:07.

will see nuclear energy absolutely chipped there in stone before the

:21:08.:21:12.

world? There are 450 nuclear and actors around the world at the

:21:13.:21:17.

moment, providing about 18% of the world 's electricity. There is

:21:18.:21:20.

nothing new about it. It is just going to grow. The alternative is

:21:21.:21:26.

burning more gas and burning more coal and the price of gas has gone

:21:27.:21:31.

up and up and up and we have a real problem with that in the UK. It does

:21:32.:21:37.

seem to me that as far as the future is concerned, it will be a big slice

:21:38.:21:44.

of nuclear power. France has summoned America's

:21:45.:21:47.

ambassador in Paris in response to newspaper reports that the US

:21:48.:21:49.

National Security Agency secretly recorded millions of phone calls in

:21:50.:21:55.

France. The interior minister has described the allegations carried in

:21:56.:21:58.

the newspaper, Le Monde, as shocking.

:21:59.:22:02.

Two people have been shot dead and two more are injured in a shooting

:22:03.:22:06.

at Sparks Middle School in Nevada. Students from the middle school and

:22:07.:22:09.

next-door elementary school were evacuated to the nearby high school

:22:10.:22:13.

and classes were cancelled. The European Court of Human Rights

:22:14.:22:16.

says Russia has failed to explain why it kept key files secret when it

:22:17.:22:19.

investigated in 1940 Katyn massacre of more than 20,000 Polish war

:22:20.:22:26.

prisoners. But the court said it cannot rule on the case because

:22:27.:22:29.

Russia only signed up to the European Convention of Human Rights

:22:30.:22:32.

in 1998, eight years after it began the investigation.

:22:33.:22:37.

Reports from South Sudan say the number of people killed in a

:22:38.:22:41.

massacre on Sunday in Jonglei state has risen to 78. 24 children have

:22:42.:22:47.

apparently been abducted. Survivors blamed members of the Murle ethnic

:22:48.:22:50.

group linked to the rebel leader, David Yau Yau.

:22:51.:22:55.

A German bishop who has been widely criticised for lavish spending has

:22:56.:22:59.

met the Pope in Rome to discuss his behaviour. Franz-Peter

:23:00.:23:02.

Tebartz-van-Elst who has been labelled the Bishop of Bling has

:23:03.:23:08.

faced calls to resign. He has been accused of lying about the cost of

:23:09.:23:11.

his official residence in Limburg along with a first-class flight to

:23:12.:23:18.

India to visit the poor. He was the man who went into the

:23:19.:23:22.

cold during the height of the Cold War. 50 years ago, Erik de Mauny

:23:23.:23:25.

became the first resident Moscow correspondent for the BBC after the

:23:26.:23:27.

Communist authorities eased censorship. Our current Moscow

:23:28.:23:31.

correspondent, Steve Rosenberg, looks back at the life and

:23:32.:23:34.

adventures of a Cold War correspondent.

:23:35.:23:44.

It was the BBC 's Russian Revolution. 50 years ago, Erik de

:23:45.:23:51.

Mauny became the BBC 's first resident correspondent in Moscow.

:23:52.:23:56.

The Soviet union had relaxed censorship and he was allowed behind

:23:57.:24:05.

the iron curtain. Erik de Mauny once said he felt sheer exhilaration when

:24:06.:24:10.

he arrived here but reporting from Russia in 1963, that was challenging

:24:11.:24:15.

to say the least. Back then, foreign correspondents were not allowed to

:24:16.:24:19.

travel more than a few kilometres out of Moscow without special

:24:20.:24:22.

permission. They had little choice in where they wanted to live and

:24:23.:24:25.

getting to know ordinary Russians was incredibly difficult with the

:24:26.:24:29.

KGB breathing down your neck. Coverage was not all cold war. My

:24:30.:24:39.

wife and I will be watching the show together. They seem to have produced

:24:40.:24:47.

extremely well-designed clothes Some excellent men's clothes also.

:24:48.:24:54.

At the microphone, Erik de Mauny was always calm and cool, sometimes very

:24:55.:25:01.

cool. Off-camera though, his life in Moscow was as thrilling as John

:25:02.:25:07.

McCarry novel. One of the many adventures he had took place right

:25:08.:25:12.

here. This is the residence of the British ambassador in Moscow. It

:25:13.:25:17.

used to be the British embassy building and this is where he came

:25:18.:25:21.

one morning after he had landed a giant scoop. He had managed to track

:25:22.:25:24.

down the former British intelligence officer turned spy who defected to

:25:25.:25:32.

the USSR. The two men spent six hours drinking together the night

:25:33.:25:38.

before. Erik de Mauny decides not to put his story in London. He comes

:25:39.:25:43.

here, scribbled down on a piece of paper, I just met him and I thought

:25:44.:25:48.

you might like to know about it He spirited away to speak to the

:25:49.:25:51.

ambassador. A couple of days later, Erik de Mauny is at home when

:25:52.:25:57.

suddenly someone hands him a note. It is from the British ambassador

:25:58.:26:02.

about Kim Philby. London advises, brick of contact. 50 years on,

:26:03.:26:09.

Moscow correspondence are still chasing spies. Espionage did not end

:26:10.:26:19.

when the Cold War did. When I read his memoirs, what struck me most is

:26:20.:26:23.

what has not changed here in 50 years. It is still at times

:26:24.:26:26.

incredibly hard to do with officialdom and many Russian

:26:27.:26:30.

officials still are suspicious of Western journalists. As we try to do

:26:31.:26:42.

our job, reporting on Russia. That's all from the programme. Next,

:26:43.:26:46.

the weather. From me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:26:47.:26:58.

There was plenty of rain across the country today and there is much more

:26:59.:27:02.

to come this week. A classic October week with spells of rain often

:27:03.:27:06.

accompanied by a strong and gusty wind. These weather fronts will

:27:07.:27:20.

continue to throw rain across the UK. A wet start in most areas.

:27:21.:27:30.

Perhaps a dry in the East. Brighter for Northern Ireland by the

:27:31.:27:33.

afternoon but for much of northern England, it will be great with

:27:34.:27:44.

further outbreaks of rain. A wet start probally for the South West of

:27:45.:27:47.

England but as you can see, the

:27:48.:27:48.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS