24/10/2013 World News Today


24/10/2013

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She told him fronts who should is write on fronts and allies and

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partners need to be able to trust one another. I have repeatedly told

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the US president is buying on friends is not acceptable. I told

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him that July and again yesterday. The hunt for the real parents, could

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this family in Bulgaria be the missing link?

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A special report on sexual violence against women in Egypt. We discover

:00:55.:00:58.

vigilantes stepping in with the authorities have failed.

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They say they are doing the job the authorities should be doing, but for

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the most part the police are looking the other way.

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We will be discussing women in the Arab Spring throughout the Middle

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East as part of our 100 Women series, we have a guest editor.

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Wellcome. The Americans seem to be upsetting a lot of their allies

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these days with allegations about their surveillance programmes. This

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week it is the turn of the Germans to protest to the claims that Angela

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Merkel has had her mobile phone calls intercepted by US

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intelligence. The Americans have said they are not want to drink her

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calls but the didn't mention whether they had done so in the past --

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monitoring. The issue is bound to feature heavily at the summit in

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Brussels. Europe's most powerful leader

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arrived here not clutching her mobile phone, and still wanting and

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this from one of her closest allies. TRANSLATION: I have made it clear to

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the US president spying on friends is not acceptable. I told him that

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July and I told him that yesterday for stop I did this in the interest

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of the German people. This is not about myself but all citizens, trust

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between partners and allies and such trust has to be renewed. In Germany

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they know her as the mobile chancellor, sheep to be governed by

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smartphones -- she practically governs. In Berlin they have

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summoned the US ambassador to the Foreign Ministry and asked for an

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immediate and comprehensive explanation. Instead from the White

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House came simply a denial about the present and future but not the past.

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As I mentioned yesterday the president spoke with her and

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reassured her United States will not and is not monitoring her

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communications. We have also said we are reviewing the way we gather

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intelligence to ensure we properly balance security concerns of our

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citizens. It has left many here in Brussels

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wondering who else is being monitored. There had been reports

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this very building, the place where the summit is being held, had also

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been spied on, and the French suspect millions of their telephone

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calls have been listening to. Enough is enough, between friends,

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allies. We need trust, confidence. The confidence has been shaken.

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David Cameron could yet get dragged into this. Report the intelligence

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service GCHQ helped US spying programme had already angered many

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in Europe. Downing Street stresses the revelations are a matter for

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Berlin and Washington to sort out. At the European Parliament where

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they are investing all the claims of British MEP is going to Washington

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next week to question senior officials. There is genuine anger,

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and people in Germany and France want real answers. The worry is

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going on in the European Parliament have got genuine depth and need

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answers. Chancellor and President have a

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close elation ship. He took the whole family to burning recently.

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Allegedly and economically the US and Germany need one another. -

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politically. I have been joined by the London

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respondent for the German newspaper. It seems as though she is

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awfully annoyed. She has met the American president

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several times and has been assured nothing untoward had happened or is

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happening and she believed it, the German populace were suspicious why

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don't they probe more? Suddenly she finds herself being eavesdropped on.

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For a woman who is normally relaxed to put on a public show she has come

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out all guns blazing and shows her anger.

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They are quite good friends. They speak in interest to each other She

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speaks too much on her mobile phone, maybe she should be a bit more

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careful. She would be advised to cut it back little bit. She calls he

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regularly, it does she? I wouldn't admit to it, I have to

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protect my sources. She does use the telephone a lot,

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she has been seen using a pretty old personal handset but she will have

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to be more careful. You would wonder why German intelligence hasn't given

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her a more secure handset. She has been given an absolute

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secure company by one -- secure one by a company in Dusseldorf. The

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people who she talks to might not have the same encryption. That is

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probably where this has happened. Do you think, she is a bit of an

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enigma, even Germans who hear her speaking German say that. For global

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public opinion, her English is getting better but she doesn't speak

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in English in public, does that to some extent increase the area of

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mystery around her? She has no problem communicating

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both in German and English. She is known for somebody who holds back on

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what she believes in she lets public discussions go on before she herself

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engages in the same subject matter. She is a riddle inside an enigma

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wrapped in a mystery as Churchill famously said about the old soviet

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union. She has worked well with this particular appeal. She is a woman,

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they trust her to hold the reins of power.

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Will this cause any real fallout? It will because it catches up on the

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very relationship with America, which used to be called our second

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constitution. We are falling out with the Americans across the

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board, this comes at an unfortunate time where distrust is spreading

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like wildfire. The Americans have not said they

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have done this, but... They haven't ruled out whether they have done it

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in the past. The Borg are in government has

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confirmed to the BBC that a couple claiming to be the parents of Maria,

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the blonde girl found in that Roma community in Greece, have been

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questioned by Bulgarian police. They have provided DNA samples which will

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be compared with those from Maria Hugh remains under the protection of

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children's charity in Greece -- who. Could they be the missing link to

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Maria? Family in the tiny Bulgarian town claiming the little girl in

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Greece could be theirs. The woman and her husband have provided DNA

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samples for analysis, one of their daughters seems certain.

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Do you know Maria, she is asked by a journalist? Yes, she is my sister.

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The mother is posed the same question. I don't know if she is

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mine or not, I saw her pictures yesterday, now I am sick, I haven't

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eaten. I do have a child in Greece, I gave her away because I couldn't

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care for her. Some of their children seem to bear a striking resemblance

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to little Maria found in a Roma community in central Greece last

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week. She is in the care of a charity which has had thousands of

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calls in an international appeal. Reports say the couple gave birth to

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a girl in Greece in 2009 close to where Maria was found last week

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They sold the child before returning to Bulgaria. There have been

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previous allegations of the sale of babies between the two countries

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with a large trafficking network exposed two years ago. This couple

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who had Maria in their home in Greece have been charged with

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abduction. They remain in custody awaiting trial. The DNA results will

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be known in the coming hours as the wait goes on to solve the mystery of

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Maria. Now police in Portugal have reopened

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their enquiry into the disappearance of Madeleine McCann who went missing

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more than six years ago in Portugal. The public prosecutor 's office said

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there was new evidence that justified the continuation of the

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investigation but they have not said what that is.

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Five years ago 18 months after Madeleine McCann disappeared

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Portuguese police announced they have done although possibly could to

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find her. The case was officially closed. Tonight they are back on

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board Europe's most high-profile missing persons investigation.

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Detectives say a review of events has produced new lines of enquiry

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which they will now pursue. As I opened it a bit I looked into

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the room. I guess I was looking at her bed and I couldn't make her out.

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It is understood the new information is in linked to the fresh evidence

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being gathered by Scotland Yard The recent reconstruction of her

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disappearance has led to more than 3000 calls from the public. Several

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have given a name to the e-fit photos of a man the police have

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identified as a potential suspect. However, it is being made clear that

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the two forces will work closely together and share all information

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they gather. We have got very good collaboration between the Met and

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the Portuguese police and that is starting to bear fruit. I hope it

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will enable a resolution of this terrible thing that happened to the

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family. It has emerged Kate and Gerry McCann

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met Portuguese to get last week In a statement they welcomed the

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decision to reopen the enquiry. More than six years after she went

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missing the efforts to find out what happened to Madeleine McCann appear

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more extensive now than when she first disappeared.

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The latest development there. Let's bring you some other news from

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around the world. A plain fighting bushfires in the

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stringy and say of New South Wales has crashed killing its passengers

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-- Australian state. The worst hit areas of the Blue Mountains west of

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Sydney where many homes have been destroyed.

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A court in the Libyan told to believe has charged the son of

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Colonel Gaddafi with a raft of luminal offences. The former

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military intelligence chief is among 20 other senior officials who have

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also charged. The alleged offences relate to the killing of

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demonstrators in the uprising in 2011.

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Now to the BBC's 100 Women series. The role of women in the Arab

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uprising and whether this will have an impact? We start with Egypt where

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women have been involved in many protests that have gripped the

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country since the fall of Hosni Mubarak.

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One disturbing aspect is the sexual violence and harassment women have

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been subjected to while out on demonstrations for top more

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generally violence against women has been increasing. A recent UN study

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suggest nine out of ten Egyptian women have been sexually harassed.

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Civilians are taking matters into their own hands to end the

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violence. Handing out the Taser 's, volunteers

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get ready to patrol the streets of Cairo, and dispense vigilante

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justice. TRANSLATION: If he resists, we know

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how we will deal with him. Rejoined his group. A hunt for attackers

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during busy holiday periods. These volunteers say they are on the

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streets patrolling because they have no choice. They say they are doing

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the job the authorities should be doing. For the most part, the police

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are looking the other way. They say they are ready for violence if

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necessary. Minutes later, they surround an alleged attacker and

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restrain him in a headlock. Guilty or innocent, he is humiliated. I am

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a harasser is stencilled on his back. But most of the worst attacks

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have happened over -- under cover of darkness during political protests.

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This was in June. Two terrified women were rescued here. Activists

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say there were 46 mob assault that night. And there was no one to

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rescue this freelance journalist. All of a sudden, I've found myself

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in a massive circle of men who were touching every inch of my body. I

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thought I was going to die. I thought that because they were so

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aggressive and actually at a certain point, I think I fainted because one

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of them was trying to strangle me with a scarf that was around my

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neck. What is fuelling these cases? Is there a climate of impunity? It

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is there and it is encouraging molesters. Molesters may feel

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encouraged by ultra-conservative clerics.

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This TV channel has now been shut down, but plenty here are ready to

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blame the victim. Janus discovered that at a police station. She works

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with another group who try to protect women. She herself has been

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brutally assaulted, twice, so violently that she had a

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miscarriage. TRANSLATION: When I went into the station, I was wearing

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a badge saying no to harassment The officers' response was that the

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attacker might have read it without the word know as if I was inviting

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people to harass me. The police are presenting a more concerned face.

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Parading officers from a new unit set up to tackle violence against

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women. But with next to no prosecutions, victims fear it is a

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token gesture. Well, today on World News Today we

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have a special guest editor. Nadia Al-Sakkaf who is editor in chief of

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the Yemen Times, the country's first independent English-language

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newspaper, which has been running since 2005. She's in the studio with

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me now. We're also joined by Fatima Said, who is a British-Egyptian

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pro-democracy activist. Fatima, I know you go back to Egypt regularly

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and see your family affair and sadly you, like so many Egyptian women,

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have exceeded -- experienced sexual harassment. Why is it so endemic?

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The biggest reason is the impunity against the perpetrators. There is

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no justice system in Egypt, there's no retribution for those who commit

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sexual harassment in these brutal acts we are seeing and unfortunately

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since the military coup in Egypt, we have seen an erosion of that justice

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system. Nobody is able to... It has made it more difficult forwarding to

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get their rights and justice. What we are seeing now is the dignity and

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honour of women being used as a weapon against them. You say after

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the military coup, but this kind of harassment predates the removal of

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Mohamed Morsi and it is happening in has the -- Hosni Marek's time.

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Absolutely. Now, there is a... I don't think attacks have increased,

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I think people have become more outspoken. What we are seeing now is

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not just people on the street committing sexual harassment, but

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the police and military also doing it. Can I ask something? Is it only

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happening in the urban centres or in the rural areas? What we are seeing

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is that it is mainly concentrated around Cairo. Certain areas in Cairo

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is, especially where protests are taking place, and it is basically

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being used as a weapon against these women's honour. As I was saying

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before, not just by men on the streets, but we are also seeing a

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very dangerous precedent where the military and some members of the

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security forces are participating in that. They are arresting women and

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then subjected to harassment and rape. Nadia, it is interesting what

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you asking, because Egyptian women play an active role in society,

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particularly in the countryside Nadia, I want to ask you, because

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women in Yemen played an active role in the protests that led to the

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removal of Ali Abdullah Saleh. Your experience is different, you didn't

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suffer from this kind of harassment? Not really. In fact, women were

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encouraged to be in the streets by the political parties and they were

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sort of protected. In fact, I would say that the 2011 events were the

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single most important event in recent history that promoted Yemeni

:20:39.:20:41.

women's public and political activism. Really? You think it has

:20:42.:20:47.

helped emancipate Yemeni women. When we talk about 1918, women in the UK

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got the vote. Yemeni women have had their share of activism and

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political work before, but it was not this massive and it was only for

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a if you powerful women. Now, it has become everybody's business. One

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Yemeni woman won the Nobel Peace Prize. I want to ask you and you

:21:15.:21:22.

also, has it have -- had an impact on Arab women in general? Did she

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help the role of women? Definitely. We are very proud of her. She is a

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role model. She is also a leader for both men and women. She when she

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left the demonstrations, there are men and women behind her. It broke a

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stereotype that women cannot lead men in public and political events.

:21:47.:21:51.

Did that act as a boost in any way to Arab women in the Arab Spring,

:21:52.:21:56.

the fact that this celebrated Yemeni woman? Definitely. It has resonated

:21:57.:22:04.

in Egypt, too. We have seen groups in Egypt, activist groups, coming

:22:05.:22:08.

out and speaking out against the sexual harassment as a result of

:22:09.:22:12.

people like her being given the Nobel Prize. There have been many

:22:13.:22:19.

projects, civilian -based project, that have come to counteract sexual

:22:20.:22:28.

harassment. A friend of mine actually, she is an artist, and she

:22:29.:22:34.

draws comics against sexual harassment and one of her

:22:35.:22:43.

superheroes is a lady, a veiled lady, and she is fighting. In a

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sentence, you don't agree then with Nadia that the Arab Spring has been

:22:50.:22:54.

good for women in Egypt? It's definitely has. -- it's definitely

:22:55.:23:04.

has. Thank you both very much. Now, to a collection of photos which

:23:05.:23:07.

shows some of America's biggest music stars in a new light. Don

:23:08.:23:10.

Hunstein worked as Columbia Records' in-house photographer and a new book

:23:11.:23:13.

of his work includes a treasure trove of unseen and intimate shots

:23:14.:23:17.

of jazz, rock, soul and classical greats. Music critic Jon Pareles

:23:18.:23:20.

collaborated on the book and spoke to the BBC about how Hunstein made

:23:21.:23:23.

the most of his extraordinary access.

:23:24.:23:33.

A lot of the book is stuff you wouldn't see as it was behind closed

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doors. It is rehearsals, frame after frame, people just hanging around

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being musicians. I collaborated on a book of photographs by Don Hunstein

:23:49.:23:52.

who is not a household name, but who was a wonderful photographer. Don

:23:53.:24:00.

Hunstein was the staff photographer for Columbia records from the early

:24:01.:24:05.

50s through to the 80s. What gave him -- that gave him access to

:24:06.:24:08.

everyone that recorded for Columbia. He managed to put these

:24:09.:24:13.

people at ease. By contrast, you can see how much rock stars have their

:24:14.:24:17.

guard up now. Whereas, Hunstein could get Bob Dylan in his most

:24:18.:24:21.

famous photo to put on a coat and go step out on a Greenwich streets He

:24:22.:24:32.

was shooting Bob Dylan in his apartment and didn't like it. He

:24:33.:24:37.

rushed Bob Dylan and his girlfriend outdoors and Dylan put on a light

:24:38.:24:42.

jacket, seeking seeing out cakes -- at stake that he is freezing. But

:24:43.:24:47.

you got that cover that so many people have imitated.

:24:48.:24:56.

Aretha Franklin was one of the many peoples assigned -- signed to

:24:57.:25:09.

Columbia. She had to go to Atlantic Records with someone else. Hunstein

:25:10.:25:11.

caught this astonishing woman. You see both a young woman and an

:25:12.:25:32.

artist unfolding before your eyes. The photographs of Glen are

:25:33.:25:39.

fascinating as he was an unusual guy. He withdrew from public view.

:25:40.:25:42.

He stopped giving concerts, a stopped... Year after year, he had

:25:43.:25:50.

Hunstein, and take photos. Hunstein must have gotten him to be a

:25:51.:25:55.

co-conspirator in these pictures, rather than someone who was camera

:25:56.:26:02.

shy. When you look at this body of work, you see a history of American

:26:03.:26:08.

music and you see a very telling eye. It is not Polaroids, it is not

:26:09.:26:13.

snapshots, it is not the random shots you or I would get. He was

:26:14.:26:18.

just a guy doing his job and luckily he did it so well. The remarkable

:26:19.:26:25.

photographs of Don Hunstein. Let's remind you of our main news. The

:26:26.:26:29.

German Chancellor has said that spying amongst friends is not done.

:26:30.:26:34.

She was speaking as she arrived at a European Union summit that is likely

:26:35.:26:37.

to be overshadowed by these allegations that US intelligence

:26:38.:26:41.

agencies have been intercepting her mobile phone calls. That is all from

:26:42.:26:46.

us today. Next, it is the weather. From me and the team, goodbye.

:26:47.:26:58.

Hello. I suppose you could say that today was

:26:59.:26:59.

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