01/11/2013 World News Today


01/11/2013

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This is BBC World News Today, with me Zeinab Badawi.

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He had a $5 million bounty on his head and was one of the world's most

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wanted men. Now, the leader of the Pakistan Taliban is said to be dead.

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Reports say Hakimullah Mehsud was killed in a US drone strike on his

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home and car in north-west Pakistan. Around six also died with him and

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many others were wounded. Several people have been injured

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following a shooting incident at Los Angeles International Airport.

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Flights in and out of the airport are suspended.

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Also coming up... We hear from a survivor from the

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Sahara Desert tragedy, who buried her sisters and mother and said

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passing truck drivers refused to stop and help.

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And forget about hammering out scripts and letters. One artist has

:00:53.:00:58.

found a new use for the humble typewriter.

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Hello and welcome. Let us take you straight to California, to Los

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Angeles International airport. Several people are reported to be

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injured after a shooting in terminal three. Authorities are holding a

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press conference right now. We will next year from the FBI agent in

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charge, who will talk a little about about the investigation. Good

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afternoon. Firstly, we are working hand-in-hand with our partners, the

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Los Angeles Police apartment, the airport police in respect of these

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investigation. It is ongoing. We have got very few facts. We are

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working with the US attorney 's office, as well, but I am not going

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to talk about the victims as yet. We will bring our resources to be in

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conjunction with our teams here which includes a response teams and

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any other resources. At this point, we do not see any additional threats

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at the airport. Thank you. The last speaker to speak to you, before I

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take questions, I want to thank the officers from the Los Angeles Police

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Department here, whose quick action saved many more lives today. Good

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morning. I just want to reiterate what has been said and to thank the

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first responders here, the airport police, the fire department, the FBI

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and the Los Angeles police department. There is a natural

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inclination when you hear gunfire to fully and duck and in this instance,

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the people who hear them ran towards the incident to save lives. To see

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the command working together here today seamlessly was awe-inspiring.

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I also want to thank the public for their patients and their cooperation

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and ask that that continues throughout the day. We have heard

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there are two fatalities and one critical? Can you confirm that? I

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cannot confirm that at this moment. This is an airport that has very

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little jurisdiction. We have FBI as it is on board and the investigative

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lead has been taken by the FBI. Is there any indication as to why he

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was doing this? Not I am that I am aware of. Any dynamic situation we

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have things unfold so rapidly, and many people come forward, there is

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always some bit of chaos at times like this. People are always putting

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forward the theory that there could be additional suspects. As we stand

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at the moment, there is only one individual responsible for the

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shooting. I want to follow up what the mere had said regarding the

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officers who went on after this individual. This individual was

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shooting as he went into the terminal. The officers, ADP, they

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did not hesitate. They went after this individual when confronted them

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in our airport. Unfortunately, it involved a shooting, but that is

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what needed to be done at that time. We practice for this. Not three

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weeks ago, we took every one of our officers and a couple of hundred

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officers from the Los Angeles Police department and we practised an exact

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scenario to that which played out today. I was talking to the officers

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involved in this a few minutes ago and he said that training was

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critical to how they responded to this. They are well trained

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officers. All of the agency 's acumen, for there is from the Los

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Angeles police department or those who work at the airport hand-in hand

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with them, everyone with them came to help us get through this

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particular incident and we appreciate the help. Why are you not

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addressing the information I was asking about? I do not know that

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information. We are trying to develop information on the suspect.

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That is the responsibility of the FBI. That will be determined. If you

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are asking me whether that information is clear at this point,

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it is not. That is the official response. I'd using you do not know

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who the shooter is? The suspect got back into the terminal, near a

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burger king, and was able to get back there. I appreciate all the

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questions and we will have more information shortly. You are

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listening to a live press conference from Los Angeles International

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airport, because there was a shooting their earlier today. One

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gunman has been shot by police and taken into custody. The suspect had

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been carrying a high-powered rifle. The police believe only one is

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involved. The policy someplace are arriving at the airport now. In the

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past few hours it has been reported that the leader of the Pakistani

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Taliban was one of three people killed in a suspected US drone

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strike. Intelligence officials in Pakistan

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say agents sent to the site of the attack in the North Waziristan

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tribal area Friday confirmed the death of militant leader Hakimullah

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Mehsud. If this is confirmed, it would

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represent a major blow at the heart of the Pakistan Taliban.

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In a recent BBC interview, Mehsud had indicated that he was willing to

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hold talks with the Pakistani authorities and, indeed, today, the

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Government was planning to send a peace delegation to hold talks with

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the Taliban, to try to get it to end its violence.

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In a moment we talk to a former official in Waziristan. First, this

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is what Mehsud told the BBC in an exclusive interview just last month.

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We believe in having talks. The government has taken no serious step

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two approaches. The government needs to set weathers and then we will

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present our conditions. That was talking to the BBC last month.

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Joining us now from Washington is Professor Akbar Ahmed, who served as

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Pakistan's High Commissioner here in London and was also an official in

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South Waziristan. This is a big catch for the United States? It is.

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It is a very big deal. By all accounts, this man was the head of

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the most deadly fire day of the Caliban and we do not want to

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glamorise a massmurderer like him, but he had the skill, and I for

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military skill and tactics, causing hail across Pakistan and really

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causing chaos to the law and order the and has death is wonderful for

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Pakistan and the United States. Of course, it may create many other

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problems. What now for the Pakistan Taliban?

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Hakimullah Mehsud had asked for talks with the Government there Is

:10:30.:10:34.

this a reflection of his organisation's growing

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marginalisation or may it even be a shot in the arm for the Taliban

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there? He will be very quickly replaced, but the question is

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whether the new man wants to continue a question of dialogue or

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whether he wants to follow the path of revenge for the dead leader and

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to campaign -- continually campaign of terror. What is your guests to

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that big question? It does not just involve the tribal leaders, but also

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Islam a bad, it involves Washington and the president of the United

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States and the president of Pakistan. It was assumed that the

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drone attacks would be suspended, but on his return, the Prime

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Minister sought to drone strikes. The tradesmen say, who do we talk

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to? Who can we trust in this campaign if we want to have dialogue

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and we want peace? Above all, they must be peace and stability, that is

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the priority. Will the Pakistan authorities come out against the use

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of drone strikes, particularly if this images that innocent civilians

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died in this? That is another good question. On the one hand, there is

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no doubt that the will be released and happiness that this man has been

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taken out, but there is the official position on the Domino Pakistan that

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we do not want any more drone strikes, which we view as a

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violation of all types of treaties. It is a delicate balance that the

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gunmen of Pakistan will have do maintain. Many people in the Army

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will be real weaved he is dead, but once again, Pakistani air space has

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been violated. The United States also has the sure some delicacy

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handling this crisis. Thank you very much for talking to his. We have got

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some other breaking news. This time, from Greece. Police say two men have

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been shot dead in what they say was a drive-by shooting outside the

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office of the far right Golden Dawn Harty. It is not known who the

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attack -- the victims where or whether it was a politically

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motivated attack. We will bring you more geeky news on that as soon as

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we get it. The identities not yet known. .

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The German government says it wants to talk to fugitive US intelligence

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contractor Edward Snowden, to find out more about the reports of the

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bugging of Chancellor Angela Merkel's telephone.

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This comes on the day that an MP from the German Green Party,

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Hans-Christian Stroebele, has been talking about his meeting with

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Edward Snowden in Moscow this week. He says Mr Snowden told him that he

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is willing to help a German investigation. The German NPD

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skaters see our meeting with Eduard Snowden and Moscow. He said the

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fugitive seemed happy and healthy. He wants to explain how the United

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States intelligence agencies broke a law. Eduard Snowden is how he may

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look move from Russia to Germany. He can imagine travelling to Germany,

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providing there is a guarantee he could stay the or another country

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where he could be saved. He is seeking safe passage following

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asylum. Eduard Snowden 's fees to stay in Russia expires next June and

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if it does not be extended, he will face a problem. In BLM, the American

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ambassador said as embassy is not a nest to end espionage, as it has

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been labelled by some. We add in the communication business. We

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communicate with other embassies around the world, back to

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Washington. We have satellite dishes and received telecommunications and

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other types of communication. I would not get too excited about

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these articles that they are all sorts of electronics in the

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embassy. Some MPs are treating Edward Snowden like a hero and the

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Government says it is interested in what information he has. It is clear

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that in this country, he is not public enemy number one as he may be

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in parts of the United States. The Government of new share has

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declared three days of mourning after 92 days were found in the

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Sahara desert -- in Niger. Most of them were women and children. Their

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vehicles had broken down as they were trying to cross the desert and

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they died of thirst. Migrants are usually men and the authorities in

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Niger say they are puzzled about what this group was doing there

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Still, Northern Niger lies on a major corridor for irregular Mike

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Gration -- irregular migration. The movements of this particular group

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are shown on the map. They travelled north from the city of Agadez in

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central Niger and headed towards Algeria, they broke down about ten

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kilometres from the border. 19 of the group managed to reach the

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Algerian city of Tamanrasset but were caught and sent back to Niger.

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This route is often used by migrants heading towards the Mediterranean

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coast cities of Algiers and Tripoli in Libya, trying to cross the sea to

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Europe. One of those who survived this arduous journey has been

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talking to the BBC. 14-year-old Shafa from Niger told us her

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ordeal. TRANSLATION: We waited for four days in the desert with no

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water before we started walking Some vehicles passed us by and we

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try to stop them but nobody would stop. We sat under a tree and that

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was where one of my sisters died. We buried her there. Then we continued

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walking and after a day, our second sister died. And then on the third

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day, my mother died. I buried all of them myself. I am living with my

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aunt. I heard that only myself and a little girl and 18 men survived the

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journey out of more than 100 of us. The voice that of Shafa who survived

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that tragic journey across the desert. Germany has become the first

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country in Europe to allow newborn babies with physical characteristics

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of both sexes to be registered as neither male nor female. From today,

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the parents of such children will be allowed to leave the gender bank on

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birth certificates. The move is aimed at removing pressure on

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parents to make quick decisions about sex assignment surgery for

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newborn babies. It is thought that up to one in every 2000 people

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worldwide have characteristics of both sexes. They are known as

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intersex because they have a mixture of male and female chromosomes or

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even genitalia which have characteristics of both genders

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German passports which currently list the holder's sex as M or F will

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have a third for intersex holders, X. I have been joined here in the

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studio by Professor Faisal Ahmed from the University of Glasgow

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conducting research into this area of medicine and also by Holly

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Greenberry, the founder of Intersex UK. Holly, first of all, tell us

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what you think about this move. Not just your own personal opinion but

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everybody involved in your work at Intersex UK. Initially it has been a

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great move to bring this to the attention of the Government. There

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are some concerns over this, potentially giving a child and X

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identifier could give them an unusual circumstance, there may be a

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concern over children who may be identified with an X. Faisal Ahmed,

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what do you think about this? Does it make sense from a medical board

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of you to give doctors and parents a bit of reading space? Before they

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decide whether to carry out reassignment surgery? Yes, I guess

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the reassignment surgery is a small part of that. From a clinical

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perspective, I think the issue has been very much that in Germany there

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has been lots of pressure on the professionals as well as parents to

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come up with decisions on sexual reassignment on 14 days of the

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birth. These are other true deadlines and in England, Northern

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Ireland, Wales, our deadline is about 42 days. That is not much

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longer though, is it? That is naturally quite a long time mummy

:20:44.:20:48.

are looking at the time needed to do tests -- that is actually quite a

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long time when you look at the time needed to do tests. A period when

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they are deciding for themselves what they would like as far as what

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the gender should be. It is a long period and adults are not completely

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sure what gender they may be so that is another issue. As they get older,

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they are maybe not sure. Holly, when a child is born and then perhaps has

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no surgery but doctors are forced to put down male or female, later on in

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life, that person grows up and thinks they have got the wrong

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gender, they cannot change their birth certificate then, can they?

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Because that would amount to falsifying a public document so they

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may be lumbered with a document that says female when they are really

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living as a male. There are a number of conditions where that can occur

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and for some people, that is the case certainly. What is important in

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the UK is we recognise that what is vital is the support of parents when

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a child with an intersex condition is born or as a child grows and the

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condition is discovered. We have to stop medicalising it and feel that

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these are irreversible changes and do them -- and put these children

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through irreversible changes. There is a loss of body autonomy,

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significant damage that it can create and it is irreversible.

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Doctors do not know how a child will develop by inference. And parents

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need that support. Professor, is the surgery irreversible? Is an IDM

:22:35.:22:45.

medically. There are a number of conditions. We are trying to move

:22:46.:22:49.

away from the phrase "intersex" and try to describe it as differences in

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sex development and so on, to give the impression and it is an image

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that there is a spectrum so there are children born who have... Boys

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who have a he is and it is not in the right place -- who have male

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genitalia. Or a female with an ovary and they won but perhaps more like

:23:19.:23:27.

male genitalia. -- an ovary and a womb. The surgery itself would be

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irreversible but there is a trend nowadays that there is less surgery

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going on compared to what it was before but absolutely, there are

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different standards of care across the country and the world and we

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have to appreciate that and try to educate people. Thank you very

:23:45.:23:49.

much, both of you. Sorry to rush you on this rather delicate matter.

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Thank you very much. In a world of computers, iPods and smartphones,

:23:55.:23:57.

the humble typewriter has found itself on the shelf but one woman

:23:58.:24:02.

has found a new way of using those forgotten Remingtons, Olivettis and

:24:03.:24:08.

Adlers. Keira Rathbone uses them to create artworks like those behind

:24:09.:24:11.

me. She found inspiration after sitting behind a typewriter with a

:24:12.:24:14.

desire to type something that found she had nothing to say. I have the

:24:15.:24:27.

typewriter in front of me, and a desire to type but nothing to say. I

:24:28.:24:35.

started pressing the same keys and looking at the marks to try to make

:24:36.:24:40.

something visual. Rather than actually making words.

:24:41.:24:48.

I started around ten years ago. I thought everybody would want to do

:24:49.:24:59.

this. But as I noticed it was my art form and tried to contextualise it

:25:00.:25:02.

at university, I quickly discovered nobody was doing it now. The little

:25:03.:25:08.

figures can be just a few seconds and then something like the

:25:09.:25:12.

Hammersmith Bridge, I would go down there and type things which would

:25:13.:25:18.

take about two or three hours over ten or 12 sessions like that.

:25:19.:25:25.

The last event I did was an art fair in London and for the first time, I

:25:26.:25:37.

had an open typewriter so I was just typing anything and then I would

:25:38.:25:39.

type the people. There is one. This skirt has got a

:25:40.:25:45.

jazzy pattern on it and good shoes as well. It is more like the essence

:25:46.:25:51.

of what you see rather than the detail which I enjoyed. If they

:25:52.:26:03.

move, you just get like the arm they don't get a head. Some people

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are very sentimental about them and they want to tell me about how their

:26:10.:26:12.

dad used to repair them but for me it is just when the kids come along

:26:13.:26:16.

and they have never seen a typewriter before. They say, "what

:26:17.:26:20.

is it?" I think they will all outlive us,

:26:21.:26:29.

typewriters! I do not think we will run out of them unless everybody

:26:30.:26:31.

puts them in landfill. Keira Rathbone and her amazing

:26:32.:26:43.

typewriter art. That is all from the programme, next the weather, no

:26:44.:26:45.

storms in Europe I hope this weekend. Goodbye.

:26:46.:26:55.

Strong winds will feature in the weather for some of us this weekend

:26:56.:26:59.

as yet another

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