04/11/2013 World News Today


04/11/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.

:00:00.:00:11.

Chaos in court as Egypt's deposed president Mohammed Morsi goes on

:00:12.:00:13.

trial over the killing of protesters. His supporters say it's

:00:14.:00:19.

just a show trial. Proceedings are interrupted twice as

:00:20.:00:22.

Mr Morsi proclaims he is still Egypt's president. His opponents

:00:23.:00:27.

shout in court that he and his fellow defendants should face the

:00:28.:00:32.

death penalty. The trial is adjourned until

:00:33.:00:37.

January. Manhunt in Britain. What has

:00:38.:00:40.

happened to the terror suspect who walked into a London mosque like

:00:41.:00:43.

this, but left dressed in a full-faced burka?

:00:44.:00:48.

Also coming up. A special BBC report from the Central African Republic

:00:49.:00:52.

where the UN says the country is at risk of descending into genocide.

:00:53.:00:57.

And a hunt for their rightful owners. A huge collection of art

:00:58.:01:01.

looted by the Nazis during the Second World War is found hidden in

:01:02.:01:03.

a flat in Munich. Hello and welcome.

:01:04.:01:22.

He has not been seen in public for four months but, today, Egypt's

:01:23.:01:25.

deposed president Mohammed Morsi made a dramatic appearance in a

:01:26.:01:29.

court outside Cairo where he and 14 other Muslim Brotherhood members are

:01:30.:01:33.

on trial. They are accused of inciting the killing of protesters

:01:34.:01:37.

last year. Mr Morsi refused to wear the prison outfit. He said he was

:01:38.:01:42.

still president and told the judge the case against him was therefore

:01:43.:01:45.

illegitimate. The hearing was interrupted when some of those

:01:46.:01:48.

attending the trial, including journalists, shouted that the

:01:49.:01:51.

defendants should be given the death penalty. Orla Guerin was in court

:01:52.:01:58.

and sent this report. Our relaxed arrival at court for

:01:59.:02:05.

Mohammed Morsi. The ousted Islamist war of smart navy blazer. Egyptian

:02:06.:02:11.

state media said he refused to put on a prison uniform. Inside, he

:02:12.:02:16.

joined his co-accused in a cage in the same court room where his

:02:17.:02:22.

predecessor Hosni Mubarak has been tried. Egypt's first democratically

:02:23.:02:27.

elected president behind bars but still defended. -- defiant.

:02:28.:02:40.

Chaos erupted several times with shouting matches between supporters

:02:41.:02:50.

and opponents of Mohammed Morsi The judge called in vain for quiet.

:02:51.:02:56.

Security for this hearing was incredibly tight. It was several

:02:57.:03:01.

layers deep. What we witnessed inside the courtroom was a deposed

:03:02.:03:06.

president who was determined to have his say. Mohammed Morsi spoke out

:03:07.:03:12.

repeatedly, shouting at the judge, even when his voice became hoarse.

:03:13.:03:16.

Throughout the hearing, he and his fellow accused kept repeating that

:03:17.:03:22.

they did not recognise the court. It was a very different picture last

:03:23.:03:26.

June when Mohammed Morsi was triumphant at the ballot box. 1

:03:27.:03:33.

months on, massive protests at his alleged misrule. The army ousted him

:03:34.:03:38.

saying it was the will of the people. The authorities deny his

:03:39.:03:45.

trial is politically motivated. The system is independent. Hosni Mubarak

:03:46.:03:54.

has been under trial and the same goes for Mohammed Morsi. Nobody is

:03:55.:03:58.

above the law. Supporters of Mohammed Morsi were met with tear

:03:59.:04:03.

gas on the streets today. But his Moslem brotherhood could not deliver

:04:04.:04:09.

the mass protests it promises missed -- it promised. The former

:04:10.:04:17.

president, say campaigners, is at the mercy of selective justice.

:04:18.:04:23.

With me is Abdullah El-Haddad, a spokesperson for the Muslim

:04:24.:04:25.

Brotherhood. What is going to happen now? When

:04:26.:04:32.

this trial resumes in January, is Mohammed Morsi going to defend

:04:33.:04:36.

himself against charges or just carry on saying that he does not

:04:37.:04:40.

accept the authority of the court? First of all, it is not about

:04:41.:04:46.

Mohammed Morsi and this trial, it is about this military coup that has

:04:47.:04:54.

destroyed democracy in Egypt. People will carry on protesting. Is

:04:55.:05:00.

Mohammed Morsi irrelevant? He represents the idea of democracy. He

:05:01.:05:07.

said he should not be tried by this court, and he is right about this.

:05:08.:05:16.

The Constitution said that if the president is tried by a court, he

:05:17.:05:21.

should be tried by a special court. He wants to be tried by a special

:05:22.:05:28.

court? He said, the will of the people should be respected. So he

:05:29.:05:35.

will not respect the authority of this court or defend himself? That

:05:36.:05:39.

is how the Muslim Brotherhood will take these cases forward? It is not

:05:40.:05:45.

the Muslim Brotherhood. It is his decision? But here you are, faced

:05:46.:05:55.

with your president in court, other leaders of your movement are also in

:05:56.:05:59.

court, others are imprisoned, your organisation is banned, you are

:06:00.:06:10.

basically defeated? No, we are not. We have seen in the last four

:06:11.:06:15.

months, millions of Egyptian people, not related to any political party,

:06:16.:06:22.

protesting in the streets. We have seen mass protests around Egypt

:06:23.:06:36.

Nevertheless, the US secretary of state John Kerry visits Kyle and

:06:37.:06:43.

says to the transitional government that he can work with them, that

:06:44.:06:53.

must disappoint you? First of all, we are shocked to see the Western

:06:54.:07:00.

countries who have always argued for democracy be the first people to

:07:01.:07:04.

recognise the military coup in Egypt. The Americans are originally

:07:05.:07:11.

back Mohammed Morsi and did not want to see removed, but BCB will work

:07:12.:07:17.

with the new government? We want the world to back a specific sensible.

:07:18.:07:31.

-- they say they will work. We'll be staying on the streets? Yes, they

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will stay on the streets. There are protests all over Egypt every

:07:36.:07:43.

Friday. Thousands and thousands have been killed, arrested and tortured.

:07:44.:07:57.

Thank you. In Kenya, four men have appeared in

:07:58.:08:00.

court charged in connection with the Westgate shopping mall attack. All

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the defendants are believed to be Somali nationals. They pleaded not

:08:05.:08:11.

guilty to charges which included helping terror groups and entering

:08:12.:08:13.

Kenya illegally. The Somalia-based militant group Al-Shabab says it

:08:14.:08:17.

carried out the attack which killed at least 67 people.

:08:18.:08:21.

Here in the UK, Scotland Yard detectives are searching for a

:08:22.:08:23.

terror suspect who managed to abscond by going into a mosque and

:08:24.:08:27.

disguising himself in a burka. Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed, who was born

:08:28.:08:30.

in Somalia, was electronically tagged. But he has not been seen

:08:31.:08:35.

since he left the mosque on Friday with his face completely covered.

:08:36.:08:40.

June Kelly has more. Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed, not

:08:41.:08:45.

convicted of any offence in the UK, but said to be a security threat.

:08:46.:08:50.

This is how he arrived for Friday prayers at his local mosque. And

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this is how he was dressed when he left, caught on CCTV in a burka He

:08:56.:09:01.

was allowed to attend the mosque regularly in Acton, west London But

:09:02.:09:14.

he was subject to the TPIM regime and his movements restricted. He was

:09:15.:09:21.

fitted with an electronic tag, and at some stage it was deactivated.

:09:22.:09:28.

What do we know about 27-year-old Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed who is now a

:09:29.:09:32.

British citizen? He was born in Somalia where he is said to have

:09:33.:09:37.

been trained and fought with the terrorist organisation Al-Shabab. In

:09:38.:09:44.

the UK, it is claimed he is part of a network funding terrorism in

:09:45.:09:47.

Somalia. In the Commons, the Home Secretary was up against a neighbour

:09:48.:09:58.

front bench have always opposed TPIM arrangements. The police do not

:09:59.:10:05.

believe he is an active threat. He was put on TPIM arrangements to

:10:06.:10:09.

prevent his travel to support terrorism overseas. This is the

:10:10.:10:14.

second man in ten months subject to a TPIM who has now absconded. There

:10:15.:10:20.

were only ten of them to start off with, and two have now gone. One in

:10:21.:10:26.

a black cab, the other in disguise. Ibrahim Magag went in a taxi. He

:10:27.:10:33.

disappeared last Boxing Day and has still not been found. Like the

:10:34.:10:38.

latest fugitive, eat is said to have links to Al-Shabab. He is also of

:10:39.:10:51.

Somali origin. -- he is said. Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed is not the

:10:52.:10:56.

first meal territories subject to use the burka disguise. Ports and

:10:57.:11:05.

borders are on alert, but 72 hours on, he is still on the run.

:11:06.:11:15.

The United Nations has warned that the Central African Republic is at

:11:16.:11:18.

risk of spiralling into genocide and that the government there is unable

:11:19.:11:22.

to control armed groups. A meeting of the UN Security Council also

:11:23.:11:25.

heard that Islamist militants are also gaining strength, creating more

:11:26.:11:28.

tensions between Christians and Muslims. The country has been

:11:29.:11:31.

virtually lawless since rebels seized the capital and ousted the

:11:32.:11:35.

president in March. Stability in the Central African Republic is crucial

:11:36.:11:38.

because it is surrounded by some already volatile countries like DRC,

:11:39.:11:42.

Chad and the two Sudans. The country gained independence from France in

:11:43.:11:46.

1960, but it ha been subject to a series of coups since then, the most

:11:47.:11:51.

recent in March when rebels from the Seleka coalition seized power.

:11:52.:12:00.

Claims of atrocities quickly emerged and hundreds of thousands of people

:12:01.:12:04.

were displaced. Aid groups are calling for urgent help and the UN

:12:05.:12:08.

chief Ban Ki-moon said there has been a total breakdown in law and

:12:09.:12:12.

order there. For the past two months, the town of Bossangoa has

:12:13.:12:16.

been at the crossroads of the violence between the Muslim and

:12:17.:12:19.

Christian communities. Our team has gained rare access to the Central

:12:20.:12:22.

African Republic, Laeila Adjovi reports.

:12:23.:12:36.

Inside the church. In Bossangoa over 35,000 Christians have sought

:12:37.:12:39.

refuge in the Catholic mission after their homes were attacked by a loose

:12:40.:12:46.

alliance of former rebels known as Seleka. Life is hard in the camp,

:12:47.:12:54.

but people are too afraid to leave even when their homes are just down

:12:55.:13:01.

the road. This woman's brother tried to go to town this morning. She has

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just been told he was beaten and shot dead. But the story had a happy

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ending, her brother was found, badly beaten but alive. This man dearest

:13:18.:13:28.

to go home whenever he can. There is nothing left after the furniture was

:13:29.:13:37.

stolen. His brother was killed. He says silicate and Muslims are the

:13:38.:13:47.

enemy. -- Seleka. All of this is nothing. My studies can take me

:13:48.:13:52.

somewhere, but for now I want revenge. This is what I want. On the

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other side of town, the imam preaches peace. This is a community

:14:00.:14:06.

living in fear. The suffering, he says, is on both sides and many

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hundreds have died. This woman was shot in the neck and left for dead

:14:16.:14:20.

when her village was attacked by Christian militia. She is the sole

:14:21.:14:25.

survivor of her family. She tells me that when she" this, she found the

:14:26.:14:31.

bodies of her father, husband and children lying dead around her. --

:14:32.:14:45.

when she regained consciousness What started as a political

:14:46.:14:49.

rebellion is now threatening to turn into a full-scale religious conflict

:14:50.:14:55.

and the vicious circle of attacks and reprisals mean that the

:14:56.:14:59.

humanitarian situation continues to worsen. The new government is yet to

:15:00.:15:13.

make a plan to end the violence With me is Catherine Teya, the

:15:14.:15:16.

founder and president of the charity organisation SEWA Europe - which

:15:17.:15:19.

aims to promote education among children in the Central African

:15:20.:15:21.

Republic. Also here is Mamadou Moussa Ba, BBC

:15:22.:15:24.

Africa Analyst who was in the CAR earlier this year. I know your

:15:25.:15:35.

family are in the capital, give us an idea of what you are hearing from

:15:36.:15:39.

inside the country? I would like to see that a lot of my family members

:15:40.:15:44.

have had to leave the country because of the violence, especially

:15:45.:15:50.

for the young children in my family, their parents decided to take them

:15:51.:15:55.

away. For those who have stayed they live in fear because of the

:15:56.:16:00.

instability and uncertainty about the future. They are not happy to be

:16:01.:16:06.

there but they do not have the choice. What kind of violence are

:16:07.:16:12.

you talking about? Everyone knows people are being killed on a daily

:16:13.:16:18.

basis, places are being looted and women are being reaped. Everyone can

:16:19.:16:25.

be the victim of rebel groups. I said the United Nations has been

:16:26.:16:29.

warning about the spiral into genocide, it is not a word to use

:16:30.:16:38.

lately, the UN said this will end with Christian and Muslim

:16:39.:16:41.

communities killing one another which means if we do not act now and

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decisively, I would not exclude the possibility of a genocide occurring.

:16:48.:16:54.

What lies behind that? We must be a bit careful in the way we use the

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terms. If you look at the whole picture, remember what happened a

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few years ago in the wind. It is similar. -- in the wind. -- in

:17:08.:17:19.

Rwanda. People are starting to buy all sorts of weapons. If the

:17:20.:17:23.

international community does not act, it could be very dangerous The

:17:24.:17:29.

majority of people are Christians, is that correct? The vast majority

:17:30.:17:35.

of the population are Christians and they live in the south of the

:17:36.:17:41.

country. The north of the country, at the border with Sudan, is a

:17:42.:17:50.

majority of Muslim people. Within the rebels, there are also Arab

:17:51.:17:57.

militias. It is a very volatile parts of Africa. What is behind this

:17:58.:18:11.

hatred, between these communities? They have coexisted for many years.

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They did not used to be any problem in terms of religion. This is

:18:16.:18:22.

something new, compared to previous disturbances. Everyone was living in

:18:23.:18:30.

peace and getting on well. So what lies behind it? We know the

:18:31.:18:34.

president is now in exile in France, but why the animosity? I

:18:35.:18:41.

think there are different reasons. The rebels were fed up with the

:18:42.:18:48.

government. The previous president was not respecting the agreement.

:18:49.:18:55.

Also, people were living in poverty. Even although rebels came to help

:18:56.:18:59.

the current president take power, a lot of other people decided to

:19:00.:19:04.

join. We do not know what is the rationale behind all of this. I

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think everyone is defending their own interest. What can the

:19:09.:19:14.

international community do? The French have troops there. We have

:19:15.:19:21.

the possibility of the African union, the UN or what? Certain

:19:22.:19:27.

actions must be taken. The international community should

:19:28.:19:35.

increase the number of troops there. This should ensure that as a

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disarmament of all these malicious. The rebels and all the people who

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are coming from neighbouring countries. -- of all the militia.

:19:44.:19:52.

And mentally, I think the organisation for free and fair

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election is important. The country needs legitimate leaders. The

:19:58.:20:01.

current president came to power using force. It was the same

:20:02.:20:05.

situation with the previous president. The trips will have to go

:20:06.:20:11.

in, the French like they did in Mallaig? I think France is trying to

:20:12.:20:24.

send additional troops. -- in Mali. They have troops controlling the

:20:25.:20:27.

airport and they have more troops they intend to send them. Thank you

:20:28.:20:32.

both very much indeed. Now a look at some of the days other

:20:33.:20:37.

news. Heavy fighting is continuing in the

:20:38.:20:40.

Democratic Republic of Congo between government forces and M23 rebels on

:20:41.:20:43.

the country's eastern border with Uganda. The army says it is trying

:20:44.:20:47.

to clear the last areas held by the M23 group. The violence has sent

:20:48.:20:50.

thousands of refugees flooding towards and over the border with

:20:51.:20:57.

Uganda. French police have issued a sketch

:20:58.:21:00.

of a motorcyclist they are looking for in connection with last year's

:21:01.:21:03.

killings of a Iraqi-British family at Lake Annecy. The man in the image

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is sporting a goatee beard and is wearing a rare type of motorcycle

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helmet. A husband, wife and her mother died in the attack - the

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couple's two daughters survived You would think a collection of 1500

:21:15.:21:17.

paintings, including works by Mastisse and Picasso, would adorn

:21:18.:21:20.

one of the world's great galleries. Instead, this remarkable collection

:21:21.:21:23.

has been found gathering dust in a flat in Munich. They were uncovered

:21:24.:21:26.

by tax inspectors investigating the son of an art dealer. It's thought

:21:27.:21:35.

the collection was confiscated by the Nazis during the second World

:21:36.:21:38.

War, raising questions as to who the pieces really belong to. Our Arts

:21:39.:21:44.

Editor Will Gompertz has more. This is a small flat in Munich in which

:21:45.:21:48.

hundreds of millions of pounds of modern art was discovered. 1500

:21:49.:21:55.

artworks by 20th-century masters like Picasso and Matisse were kept

:21:56.:22:00.

here I Gurlitt, the son of a German art dealer who said they had been

:22:01.:22:09.

destroyed. They are thought to have been looted by the Nazis from Jewish

:22:10.:22:15.

homes in the 1930s and 40s. They represent only a fraction of the

:22:16.:22:18.

16,000 pieces they are believed to have plundered. We know that the

:22:19.:22:24.

cases we have, the art we are trying to find which numbers thousands 90%

:22:25.:22:31.

are still missing. That is true for everyone working in this field,

:22:32.:22:35.

despite expert researchers who try and trace these works. When I say

:22:36.:22:41.

missing, some of them are in collections like this and some are

:22:42.:22:45.

in museums which do not publish what they have. The German authorities

:22:46.:22:49.

have not revealed which pictures have been found, but this picture

:22:50.:22:56.

which Gurlitt sold after he was detained, is an example of what

:22:57.:22:59.

Hitler and the Nazis considered degenerate art. Very modern in style

:23:00.:23:07.

and contact -- content. There were some art he disapproved of which he

:23:08.:23:10.

wanted to remove, which is art with the Jewish content. There are also

:23:11.:23:16.

quite clever in keeping a lot of good art. The intended to split that

:23:17.:23:23.

up into collections. This elegant modernist painting is by a German

:23:24.:23:30.

Jewish artists who emigrated to London in 1933. He left several of

:23:31.:23:38.

his artworks back in London, including one in the degenerate art

:23:39.:23:44.

show of 1937. The Nazis gathered several hundred works of art by

:23:45.:23:49.

respected artist and presented them for public ridicule. There has been

:23:50.:23:55.

some criticism of the German authorities for not doing enough to

:23:56.:23:59.

find art looted by the Nazis, not helping to restore it to its

:24:00.:24:03.

rightful owners. Marc Masurovsky from the Holocaust

:24:04.:24:05.

Art Restitution Project joins me from Washington. How difficult will

:24:06.:24:13.

it be to track down who owns this art? That is a great question. It

:24:14.:24:26.

depends where the art comes from. And under what circumstances it was

:24:27.:24:32.

misappropriated by Gurlitt and his colleagues. The way I see it is 1500

:24:33.:24:42.

works of art, probably a larger stalk than most average galleries

:24:43.:24:47.

which is astonishing. Since he was deeply in white in the purchasing of

:24:48.:24:53.

German collections in the 1930s we would expect the percentage of that

:24:54.:25:00.

to revert back to German institutions. Another group might

:25:01.:25:05.

consist of works which were sold under duress, whereby Jews were

:25:06.:25:11.

forced to sell their assets because they have lost their homes and their

:25:12.:25:15.

jobs. They had nothing left and had to sell what they could to gather

:25:16.:25:21.

cash to get out of Germany. That is the second group. The third group,

:25:22.:25:27.

is a group of works which would have been acquired as a result of the

:25:28.:25:31.

German occupation of Western Europe and other countries. In terms of

:25:32.:25:38.

Gurlitt and his uncle, they were especially active in France, Belgium

:25:39.:25:42.

and Holland. One should expect naturally that these works

:25:43.:25:48.

ultimately will revert to individual owners in those countries. One

:25:49.:25:54.

concern is that the governments in those countries would ask for the

:25:55.:25:58.

paintings to be returned and hopefully we can trust them to

:25:59.:26:03.

return them to the rightful owners. So what does this tell us, the Nazis

:26:04.:26:07.

claimed to have destroyed Jim degenerate art? I would say purging

:26:08.:26:15.

was more of an intention than a reality. We know there was violence

:26:16.:26:22.

in the early days, but I think the Nazis realised quickly that

:26:23.:26:25.

everything they had been seizing could be transformed into cash. I

:26:26.:26:32.

believe that most of the arts, unless it was incinerated by bombs

:26:33.:26:40.

or caught in the crossfire, is still sitting in collections or warehouses

:26:41.:26:46.

or whatever. We have to leave it there. Thank you very much. That is

:26:47.:26:51.

all from the programme. The weather is next. Goodbye.

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It is going to be a cold night tonight under clear skies.

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Temperatures will fall we, minus five in parts of rural

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Aberdeenshire. This Atlantic front starts to move in during the second

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part of the night. It will bring cloud and

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