04/11/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.


Chaos in court as Egypt's deposed president Mohammed Morsi goes on


trial over the killing of protesters. His supporters say it's


just a show trial. Proceedings are interrupted twice as


Mr Morsi proclaims he is still Egypt's president. His opponents


shout in court that he and his fellow defendants should face the


death penalty. The trial is adjourned until


January. Manhunt in Britain. What has


happened to the terror suspect who walked into a London mosque like


this, but left dressed in a full-faced burka?


Also coming up. A special BBC report from the Central African Republic


where the UN says the country is at risk of descending into genocide.


And a hunt for their rightful owners. A huge collection of art


looted by the Nazis during the Second World War is found hidden in


a flat in Munich. Hello and welcome.


He has not been seen in public for four months but, today, Egypt's


deposed president Mohammed Morsi made a dramatic appearance in a


court outside Cairo where he and 14 other Muslim Brotherhood members are


on trial. They are accused of inciting the killing of protesters


last year. Mr Morsi refused to wear the prison outfit. He said he was


still president and told the judge the case against him was therefore


illegitimate. The hearing was interrupted when some of those


attending the trial, including journalists, shouted that the


defendants should be given the death penalty. Orla Guerin was in court


and sent this report. Our relaxed arrival at court for


Mohammed Morsi. The ousted Islamist war of smart navy blazer. Egyptian


state media said he refused to put on a prison uniform. Inside, he


joined his co-accused in a cage in the same court room where his


predecessor Hosni Mubarak has been tried. Egypt's first democratically


elected president behind bars but still defended. -- defiant.


Chaos erupted several times with shouting matches between supporters


and opponents of Mohammed Morsi The judge called in vain for quiet.


Security for this hearing was incredibly tight. It was several


layers deep. What we witnessed inside the courtroom was a deposed


president who was determined to have his say. Mohammed Morsi spoke out


repeatedly, shouting at the judge, even when his voice became hoarse.


Throughout the hearing, he and his fellow accused kept repeating that


they did not recognise the court. It was a very different picture last


June when Mohammed Morsi was triumphant at the ballot box. 1


months on, massive protests at his alleged misrule. The army ousted him


saying it was the will of the people. The authorities deny his


trial is politically motivated. The system is independent. Hosni Mubarak


has been under trial and the same goes for Mohammed Morsi. Nobody is


above the law. Supporters of Mohammed Morsi were met with tear


gas on the streets today. But his Moslem brotherhood could not deliver


the mass protests it promises missed -- it promised. The former


president, say campaigners, is at the mercy of selective justice.


With me is Abdullah El-Haddad, a spokesperson for the Muslim


Brotherhood. What is going to happen now? When


this trial resumes in January, is Mohammed Morsi going to defend


himself against charges or just carry on saying that he does not


accept the authority of the court? First of all, it is not about


Mohammed Morsi and this trial, it is about this military coup that has


destroyed democracy in Egypt. People will carry on protesting. Is


Mohammed Morsi irrelevant? He represents the idea of democracy. He


said he should not be tried by this court, and he is right about this.


The Constitution said that if the president is tried by a court, he


should be tried by a special court. He wants to be tried by a special


court? He said, the will of the people should be respected. So he


will not respect the authority of this court or defend himself? That


is how the Muslim Brotherhood will take these cases forward? It is not


the Muslim Brotherhood. It is his decision? But here you are, faced


with your president in court, other leaders of your movement are also in


court, others are imprisoned, your organisation is banned, you are


basically defeated? No, we are not. We have seen in the last four


months, millions of Egyptian people, not related to any political party,


protesting in the streets. We have seen mass protests around Egypt


Nevertheless, the US secretary of state John Kerry visits Kyle and


says to the transitional government that he can work with them, that


must disappoint you? First of all, we are shocked to see the Western


countries who have always argued for democracy be the first people to


recognise the military coup in Egypt. The Americans are originally


back Mohammed Morsi and did not want to see removed, but BCB will work


with the new government? We want the world to back a specific sensible.


-- they say they will work. We'll be staying on the streets? Yes, they


will stay on the streets. There are protests all over Egypt every


Friday. Thousands and thousands have been killed, arrested and tortured.


Thank you. In Kenya, four men have appeared in


court charged in connection with the Westgate shopping mall attack. All


the defendants are believed to be Somali nationals. They pleaded not


guilty to charges which included helping terror groups and entering


Kenya illegally. The Somalia-based militant group Al-Shabab says it


carried out the attack which killed at least 67 people.


Here in the UK, Scotland Yard detectives are searching for a


terror suspect who managed to abscond by going into a mosque and


disguising himself in a burka. Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed, who was born


in Somalia, was electronically tagged. But he has not been seen


since he left the mosque on Friday with his face completely covered.


June Kelly has more. Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed, not


convicted of any offence in the UK, but said to be a security threat.


This is how he arrived for Friday prayers at his local mosque. And


this is how he was dressed when he left, caught on CCTV in a burka He


was allowed to attend the mosque regularly in Acton, west London But


he was subject to the TPIM regime and his movements restricted. He was


fitted with an electronic tag, and at some stage it was deactivated.


What do we know about 27-year-old Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed who is now a


British citizen? He was born in Somalia where he is said to have


been trained and fought with the terrorist organisation Al-Shabab. In


the UK, it is claimed he is part of a network funding terrorism in


Somalia. In the Commons, the Home Secretary was up against a neighbour


front bench have always opposed TPIM arrangements. The police do not


believe he is an active threat. He was put on TPIM arrangements to


prevent his travel to support terrorism overseas. This is the


second man in ten months subject to a TPIM who has now absconded. There


were only ten of them to start off with, and two have now gone. One in


a black cab, the other in disguise. Ibrahim Magag went in a taxi. He


disappeared last Boxing Day and has still not been found. Like the


latest fugitive, eat is said to have links to Al-Shabab. He is also of


Somali origin. -- he is said. Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed is not the


first meal territories subject to use the burka disguise. Ports and


borders are on alert, but 72 hours on, he is still on the run.


The United Nations has warned that the Central African Republic is at


risk of spiralling into genocide and that the government there is unable


to control armed groups. A meeting of the UN Security Council also


heard that Islamist militants are also gaining strength, creating more


tensions between Christians and Muslims. The country has been


virtually lawless since rebels seized the capital and ousted the


president in March. Stability in the Central African Republic is crucial


because it is surrounded by some already volatile countries like DRC,


Chad and the two Sudans. The country gained independence from France in


1960, but it ha been subject to a series of coups since then, the most


recent in March when rebels from the Seleka coalition seized power.


Claims of atrocities quickly emerged and hundreds of thousands of people


were displaced. Aid groups are calling for urgent help and the UN


chief Ban Ki-moon said there has been a total breakdown in law and


order there. For the past two months, the town of Bossangoa has


been at the crossroads of the violence between the Muslim and


Christian communities. Our team has gained rare access to the Central


African Republic, Laeila Adjovi reports.


Inside the church. In Bossangoa over 35,000 Christians have sought


refuge in the Catholic mission after their homes were attacked by a loose


alliance of former rebels known as Seleka. Life is hard in the camp,


but people are too afraid to leave even when their homes are just down


the road. This woman's brother tried to go to town this morning. She has


just been told he was beaten and shot dead. But the story had a happy


ending, her brother was found, badly beaten but alive. This man dearest


to go home whenever he can. There is nothing left after the furniture was


stolen. His brother was killed. He says silicate and Muslims are the


enemy. -- Seleka. All of this is nothing. My studies can take me


somewhere, but for now I want revenge. This is what I want. On the


other side of town, the imam preaches peace. This is a community


living in fear. The suffering, he says, is on both sides and many


hundreds have died. This woman was shot in the neck and left for dead


when her village was attacked by Christian militia. She is the sole


survivor of her family. She tells me that when she" this, she found the


bodies of her father, husband and children lying dead around her. --


when she regained consciousness What started as a political


rebellion is now threatening to turn into a full-scale religious conflict


and the vicious circle of attacks and reprisals mean that the


humanitarian situation continues to worsen. The new government is yet to


make a plan to end the violence With me is Catherine Teya, the


founder and president of the charity organisation SEWA Europe - which


aims to promote education among children in the Central African


Republic. Also here is Mamadou Moussa Ba, BBC


Africa Analyst who was in the CAR earlier this year. I know your


family are in the capital, give us an idea of what you are hearing from


inside the country? I would like to see that a lot of my family members


have had to leave the country because of the violence, especially


for the young children in my family, their parents decided to take them


away. For those who have stayed they live in fear because of the


instability and uncertainty about the future. They are not happy to be


there but they do not have the choice. What kind of violence are


you talking about? Everyone knows people are being killed on a daily


basis, places are being looted and women are being reaped. Everyone can


be the victim of rebel groups. I said the United Nations has been


warning about the spiral into genocide, it is not a word to use


lately, the UN said this will end with Christian and Muslim


communities killing one another which means if we do not act now and


decisively, I would not exclude the possibility of a genocide occurring.


What lies behind that? We must be a bit careful in the way we use the


terms. If you look at the whole picture, remember what happened a


few years ago in the wind. It is similar. -- in the wind. -- in


Rwanda. People are starting to buy all sorts of weapons. If the


international community does not act, it could be very dangerous The


majority of people are Christians, is that correct? The vast majority


of the population are Christians and they live in the south of the


country. The north of the country, at the border with Sudan, is a


majority of Muslim people. Within the rebels, there are also Arab


militias. It is a very volatile parts of Africa. What is behind this


hatred, between these communities? They have coexisted for many years.


They did not used to be any problem in terms of religion. This is


something new, compared to previous disturbances. Everyone was living in


peace and getting on well. So what lies behind it? We know the


president is now in exile in France, but why the animosity? I


think there are different reasons. The rebels were fed up with the


government. The previous president was not respecting the agreement.


Also, people were living in poverty. Even although rebels came to help


the current president take power, a lot of other people decided to


join. We do not know what is the rationale behind all of this. I


think everyone is defending their own interest. What can the


international community do? The French have troops there. We have


the possibility of the African union, the UN or what? Certain


actions must be taken. The international community should


increase the number of troops there. This should ensure that as a


disarmament of all these malicious. The rebels and all the people who


are coming from neighbouring countries. -- of all the militia.


And mentally, I think the organisation for free and fair


election is important. The country needs legitimate leaders. The


current president came to power using force. It was the same


situation with the previous president. The trips will have to go


in, the French like they did in Mallaig? I think France is trying to


send additional troops. -- in Mali. They have troops controlling the


airport and they have more troops they intend to send them. Thank you


both very much indeed. Now a look at some of the days other


news. Heavy fighting is continuing in the


Democratic Republic of Congo between government forces and M23 rebels on


the country's eastern border with Uganda. The army says it is trying


to clear the last areas held by the M23 group. The violence has sent


thousands of refugees flooding towards and over the border with


Uganda. French police have issued a sketch


of a motorcyclist they are looking for in connection with last year's


killings of a Iraqi-British family at Lake Annecy. The man in the image


is sporting a goatee beard and is wearing a rare type of motorcycle


helmet. A husband, wife and her mother died in the attack - the


couple's two daughters survived You would think a collection of 1500


paintings, including works by Mastisse and Picasso, would adorn


one of the world's great galleries. Instead, this remarkable collection


has been found gathering dust in a flat in Munich. They were uncovered


by tax inspectors investigating the son of an art dealer. It's thought


the collection was confiscated by the Nazis during the second World


War, raising questions as to who the pieces really belong to. Our Arts


Editor Will Gompertz has more. This is a small flat in Munich in which


hundreds of millions of pounds of modern art was discovered. 1500


artworks by 20th-century masters like Picasso and Matisse were kept


here I Gurlitt, the son of a German art dealer who said they had been


destroyed. They are thought to have been looted by the Nazis from Jewish


homes in the 1930s and 40s. They represent only a fraction of the


16,000 pieces they are believed to have plundered. We know that the


cases we have, the art we are trying to find which numbers thousands 90%


are still missing. That is true for everyone working in this field,


despite expert researchers who try and trace these works. When I say


missing, some of them are in collections like this and some are


in museums which do not publish what they have. The German authorities


have not revealed which pictures have been found, but this picture


which Gurlitt sold after he was detained, is an example of what


Hitler and the Nazis considered degenerate art. Very modern in style


and contact -- content. There were some art he disapproved of which he


wanted to remove, which is art with the Jewish content. There are also


quite clever in keeping a lot of good art. The intended to split that


up into collections. This elegant modernist painting is by a German


Jewish artists who emigrated to London in 1933. He left several of


his artworks back in London, including one in the degenerate art


show of 1937. The Nazis gathered several hundred works of art by


respected artist and presented them for public ridicule. There has been


some criticism of the German authorities for not doing enough to


find art looted by the Nazis, not helping to restore it to its


rightful owners. Marc Masurovsky from the Holocaust


Art Restitution Project joins me from Washington. How difficult will


it be to track down who owns this art? That is a great question. It


depends where the art comes from. And under what circumstances it was


misappropriated by Gurlitt and his colleagues. The way I see it is 1500


works of art, probably a larger stalk than most average galleries


which is astonishing. Since he was deeply in white in the purchasing of


German collections in the 1930s we would expect the percentage of that


to revert back to German institutions. Another group might


consist of works which were sold under duress, whereby Jews were


forced to sell their assets because they have lost their homes and their


jobs. They had nothing left and had to sell what they could to gather


cash to get out of Germany. That is the second group. The third group,


is a group of works which would have been acquired as a result of the


German occupation of Western Europe and other countries. In terms of


Gurlitt and his uncle, they were especially active in France, Belgium


and Holland. One should expect naturally that these works


ultimately will revert to individual owners in those countries. One


concern is that the governments in those countries would ask for the


paintings to be returned and hopefully we can trust them to


return them to the rightful owners. So what does this tell us, the Nazis


claimed to have destroyed Jim degenerate art? I would say purging


was more of an intention than a reality. We know there was violence


in the early days, but I think the Nazis realised quickly that


everything they had been seizing could be transformed into cash. I


believe that most of the arts, unless it was incinerated by bombs


or caught in the crossfire, is still sitting in collections or warehouses


or whatever. We have to leave it there. Thank you very much. That is


all from the programme. The weather is next. Goodbye.


It is going to be a cold night tonight under clear skies.


Temperatures will fall we, minus five in parts of rural


Aberdeenshire. This Atlantic front starts to move in during the second


part of the night. It will bring cloud and


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