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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas. The scale of
devastation and desperation in the Philippines comes clear. Up to 0
million people have been affected by Typhoon Haiyan. We are very hungry
and thirsty. If you have water and food there maybe you can give some
to as. The destruction is almost complete.
There is the stench of death in the air.
Also coming up: It's not the big deal between the Iran and the US but
there has been a step forward today with nuclear negotiations.
And, the artist allowed to paint at Guantanamo Bay - so long as there
are blanks in his canvas. We'll tell you why.
Hello and welcome. Massive and unprecedented. That is how the
disaster in the Philippines is being described. A state of emergency has
been declared but the government is struggling to cope with the
aftermath of what looks like the most powerful Typhoon ever to hit
land. So many victims desperately need water, food and shelter. Some
are turning to looting to survive. The BBC's Jon Donnison reports from
the worst hit area we know of - Tacloban city.
People are grieving, homeless and hungry. If you have water or food
maybe you can give some to as. And makeshift hospital. Some
patients are being treated without anaesthetic. This woman has just
given birth. A baby born into a world upturned. And another young
woman is also in labour. People waiting here are desperate to get
out on any plane they can find. This is my father's only chance for life.
He needs dialysis. He is in critical condition. Send help. Outside the
airport hundreds have been waiting, desperate for any aid they can get.
We need food. Please help me. I am still alive. Today there was some
hope with the arrival of the American military. An expeditionary
force helping to organise the response. The embassy has asked not
just for the military, but for international relief organisations
to be here. The streets are busy as people search for their loved ones
that are still missing. We have seen scores of bodies in the
few kilometres we have German and from the airport. -- we have driven
from the airport. The devastation is overwhelming So
far there is little sign the government is managing to get aid to
the many in need. People are doing whatever they can to help
themselves. This used to be a supermarket. Those who have nothing
are looking for anything they can find. Unless more relief comes
quickly the little food there is will run out soon.
As we saw Tacloban is a city in name only. From hospitals to shops,
nothing is functioning. With authorities largely absent, families
of the victims have been burying their own dead, and organising the
digging of mass graves. This report from Rupert Wingfield-Hayes.
The only way to get someone buried in Tacloban is to do it yourself.
For three days this body was not covered in the street. Now with a
home-made coffin and masks to cover the stench they must march on foot
to the burial ground. This man is trying to make a list of
all his neighbours who are dead All children? Yes.
We found a man and a woman in that housed there.
It is impossible to know how many people have died in this
devastation. We have been told that in this street 18 people died. That
is just in this stretch of road in one neighbourhood. Many of the
bodies are still lying around and they are starting to beautify. -
starting to putrify. Here the cry is the same, where is
the government, where is the help? We need food. That is the most
important. All the dead bodies must be buried.
They are digging a grave for the mother of these three young men
Suddenly one of the men is overcome by grief and frustration. The body
of his mother is stuck under a fallen tree and they cannot get it
out. I could not sleep. She was a very good mother. I am very
hopeless. Everything is gone. A short distance away they have dug
a mass grave. We counted at least 30 bodies going on here. How many more
informal graves like this are being dug along this coast we do not
know, except that it is many. Let's cross live to Manila, and the
BBC's Tim Wilcox. We still do not know the full scale
of this. The reality is still unfolding.
That is the problem. Aid agencies were sending in logistic teams.
Nobody has any idea about the scale of this disaster. There are maybe
10,000 people in one area alone What about elsewhere? What about
those communities where aid agencies have not been able to reach yet
Because there are no local authorities for people to
communicate with, nobody knows what has happened there.
It makes it hard for the government and for aid agencies to prioritise.
You quoted the figures at the beginning of the programme about the
latest estimates. 9.8 million people have been affected. 660,000 people
have been displaced. The United Nations are keen to stress that the
initial response from the authorities has been impressive
This is the 25th Typhoon since January this year. They had an
earthquake last month. They understand, almost the feet, of this
area. But there has been nothing of this scale in this country since
records began. The last big Typhoon was in 1991. That killed about 000
people. It does seem that this one is going to have a much bigger
impact. We are seeing some warnings of heavy
rainfall. That kind of weather will hamper the relief operations.
It is also very humid as well. There is another weather fronts moving in
behind. Torrential rain, very high temperatures, when you think of all
these bodies lying on the grounds that have not been buried, the
threat of disease is very real. The United Nations is prioritising that.
The first priority is burying the dead. Then food, shelter, medicines,
and evacuating people. Joining me from Geneva is the acting
head of Disaster and Crisis Management Unit with the
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
I understand you will launch your appeal tomorrow. What will you be
asking for? The plan is to launch our appeal tomorrow. The focus of
that appeal will be to support 100,000 families. That is 500,0 0
people or more. That will be emergency food supplies, non-food
items that'll help them with emergency shelter. Tents, blankets,
and also good for water and sanitation. We are sending in
emergency response units. I would agree with your previous
correspondence. Health needs are the biggest needs. Those are our biggest
priorities. One of the other issues was the lack of information. There
are perhaps large areas that have been affected and they do not know
how bad it is. How are you getting information from the ground? We
faced similar challenges to other organisations. We worked through our
member national societies. They have volunteers and staff on the ground
in remote areas. The problem is getting information from them. We
still do not know the full extent. There are parts of the country that
there is still no news from. The scale of the disaster is likely to
increase in the coming days. You have talked about the kind of
equipment you need. Do you need more professionals to go then?
At the moment we have already mobilised a team of 30 technical
professionals. Some of them are on the ground already. Some will be
coming in the next day or two. They will be working closely with
experience seems helping them with equipment. They will hand over as
quickly as possible. E Now a look at some of the day s
other news. The Syrian National Council says it
will attend peace talks in Geneva - but it's laid out a series of
conditions. These include barring the Syria's current leader Bashar
al-Assad from the transitional government and giving that
government full executive powers over the military and security.
A long-running dispute that had led to violent clashes between Cambodia
and Thailand over who owns a World Heritage site may be closer to
resolution. The United Nations' highest court has ruled that
Cambodia should have sovereignty over territory around the ancient
Preah Vihear Temple on the border between the two countries.
A senior Afghan militant leader has been shot dead near the Pakistani
capital, Islamabad. Nasiruddin Haqqani was one of the leading
members of the Haqqani network, which has carried out numerous
attacks on Western and Afghan forces. He's thought to have managed
the group's finances. A deal has been made over Iran's
nuclear programme. Britain and Iran have also established direct
diplomatic relations. We all got quite excited over the weekend, and
then there was a feeling of despair when talks didn't yield a deal. But
that is the reality lie here? I think we are closer than we had
never been to a deal with Iran, but it's tough. The body negotiating
with Iran represents diverging interests and responsibilities
concerning the run. -- concerning Iran. But on a very macro level all
of these countries don't want to see Iran get a nuclear weapon, and they
don't want a war with Iran. In that sense, there is forward momentum
going forward in the next few weeks. Those negotiations will pick up
again on the 20th of November, so not a lot of time. What's the
biggest stumbling block they are trying to iron out behind the
scenes? In the last 24 hours, one of the things which may have fallen
apart is the confidentiality of the negotiations. The United States and
Iran have a tough time keeping the details of these negotiations
private. In the last hour, I was looking on twitter and there were
several quite accuser Tory tweets. If negotiations were only between
John Kerry and the Iranian former minister, the likelihood of a deal
would be very high. -- quite accusatory. But because there are
the interests of so many other countries, it's going to be tough to
find a deal in which everyone can be happy. We've heard from Israel as
well. Is the President... But Saudi Arabia very interested. That's
right. If you are Saudi Arabia, the concerned they have is not about the
Islamic Republic of Iran, it's about Iran at large. They filled their
relationship in the United States has premised on these mutual
concerns about Iranians who Germany in the Middle East. If the US and
Iran made peace, they worry about their alliance with the United
States. A lot of countries have lots of difference -- difference and
concern, but everyone wants an Iranian bomb and wants to prevent
Iran becoming Bond. It's a very big challenge for John Kerry as well. --
becoming bombed. The irony is that two years ago, it looked like we
were far closer to going to war against Iran and getting a nuclear
deal. Now, if you are President Obama or John Kerry, the Middle East
is all bad news. Syria is in a terrible civil war, Egypt is
unravelling, other US allies in the region are facing tremendous
difficulty, and the one positive legacy which John Kerry and
President Obama may have is reaching a nuclear deal with Iran. I think
they are doing everything they can to test whether this is possible.
Acts of remembrance have taken place around the UK to mark the
anniversary of the World War One armistice with two-minute silences
at military bases, town halls, churches, schools and at the
National Memorial Arboretum. The day has also been marked in Belgium
where where many of World War One's most deadly battles were fought
It was the moment when men looked at one another in disbelief. The moment
the founder of guns faded. -- the thunder. The moment when the
slaughter stopped. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month,
we paused on a busy Monday and shared the silence.
Today, on Dorothy's 93rd birthday, Dorothy Lay her wreath in memory of
Wilfred. I have done something today which I feel was worthwhile, but
unfortunately, I couldn't do in the way I wanted to. I couldn't stand up
and be counted. But I did the best I could. In the classrooms, amid the
hushed traffic of Trafalgar Square, the bat on of remembrance has been
passed on once more. In art, sometimes it's what you
don't see that's important. And that was the challenge for an American
painter who was allowed by US military to visit Guantanamo Bay and
to sketch some of the prison grounds but not allowed to paint the
detainees who are controversially still held there. An exhibit of
Steve Mumford's watercolor sketches called The Snow Leopard is now on
display at the Postmasters Gallery in New York City.
The subject matter of the show is ultimately the prisoners. It wound
up being everything but the prisoners. I didn't have many acts
bet -- many expectations about Guant?namo. For some reason, it
never occurred to me to go to Guant?namo Bay. The place that I
really fastened on was camp x-ray. X was the first prison where they
brought the prisoners right off the battlefields of Afghanistan, and it
was the place where torture was done to the detainees. It's a strangely
beautiful place, actually. It's a series of deserted plywood hearts.
It's been abandoned for decades and nature has taken over. It feels like
this strange, almost nature preserve, but with these haunting
places where you know terrible things happen. One of the things
that was unique for me in drawing was the censorship there. They were
very open about it. Something like a building sitting on a hillside, I
could draw the land scheme but not the building. That was artistic
gold. I could do a fully fleshed out landscape and then leave this blank
place where I could simply write classified on it. There was
something so intrinsically funny and absurd about that and playing with
the meaning of watercolour. My big disappointment, particularly the
second trip, was that I was not able to draw the detainees, and I thought
it had been arranged ahead of time. When I arrived at the medium
security prison, the head MP looked at me with shock and said, you want
to draw what? ! For that week I drew everything but the actual detainees.
I drew the chair in which they were force-fed. One early morning, I drew
the hallway where they were having a call to prayer, but that was the
closest I got a feeling the presence of the people.
A reminder of our main news: The full scale of the disaster in the
Philippines is still emerging. A state of emergency has been declared
but the Government is struggling to cope with the aftermath of what
looks like the most powerful typhoon ever to hit land. Many victims
desperately need water, food and shelter.
Monday was a dull and damp affair for many parts of England and Wales.
Thankfully for tomorrow, that brighter regime wins out and turns
things drier. That would be the case of