11/11/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas. The scale of


devastation and desperation in the Philippines comes clear. Up to 0


million people have been affected by Typhoon Haiyan. We are very hungry


and thirsty. If you have water and food there maybe you can give some


to as. The destruction is almost complete.


There is the stench of death in the air.


Also coming up: It's not the big deal between the Iran and the US but


there has been a step forward today with nuclear negotiations.


And, the artist allowed to paint at Guantanamo Bay - so long as there


are blanks in his canvas. We'll tell you why.


Hello and welcome. Massive and unprecedented. That is how the


disaster in the Philippines is being described. A state of emergency has


been declared but the government is struggling to cope with the


aftermath of what looks like the most powerful Typhoon ever to hit


land. So many victims desperately need water, food and shelter. Some


are turning to looting to survive. The BBC's Jon Donnison reports from


the worst hit area we know of - Tacloban city.


People are grieving, homeless and hungry. If you have water or food


maybe you can give some to as. And makeshift hospital. Some


patients are being treated without anaesthetic. This woman has just


given birth. A baby born into a world upturned. And another young


woman is also in labour. People waiting here are desperate to get


out on any plane they can find. This is my father's only chance for life.


He needs dialysis. He is in critical condition. Send help. Outside the


airport hundreds have been waiting, desperate for any aid they can get.


We need food. Please help me. I am still alive. Today there was some


hope with the arrival of the American military. An expeditionary


force helping to organise the response. The embassy has asked not


just for the military, but for international relief organisations


to be here. The streets are busy as people search for their loved ones


that are still missing. We have seen scores of bodies in the


few kilometres we have German and from the airport. -- we have driven


from the airport. The devastation is overwhelming So


far there is little sign the government is managing to get aid to


the many in need. People are doing whatever they can to help


themselves. This used to be a supermarket. Those who have nothing


are looking for anything they can find. Unless more relief comes


quickly the little food there is will run out soon.


As we saw Tacloban is a city in name only. From hospitals to shops,


nothing is functioning. With authorities largely absent, families


of the victims have been burying their own dead, and organising the


digging of mass graves. This report from Rupert Wingfield-Hayes.


The only way to get someone buried in Tacloban is to do it yourself.


For three days this body was not covered in the street. Now with a


home-made coffin and masks to cover the stench they must march on foot


to the burial ground. This man is trying to make a list of


all his neighbours who are dead All children? Yes.


We found a man and a woman in that housed there.


It is impossible to know how many people have died in this


devastation. We have been told that in this street 18 people died. That


is just in this stretch of road in one neighbourhood. Many of the


bodies are still lying around and they are starting to beautify. -


starting to putrify. Here the cry is the same, where is


the government, where is the help? We need food. That is the most


important. All the dead bodies must be buried.


They are digging a grave for the mother of these three young men


Suddenly one of the men is overcome by grief and frustration. The body


of his mother is stuck under a fallen tree and they cannot get it


out. I could not sleep. She was a very good mother. I am very


hopeless. Everything is gone. A short distance away they have dug


a mass grave. We counted at least 30 bodies going on here. How many more


informal graves like this are being dug along this coast we do not


know, except that it is many. Let's cross live to Manila, and the


BBC's Tim Wilcox. We still do not know the full scale


of this. The reality is still unfolding.


That is the problem. Aid agencies were sending in logistic teams.


Nobody has any idea about the scale of this disaster. There are maybe


10,000 people in one area alone What about elsewhere? What about


those communities where aid agencies have not been able to reach yet


Because there are no local authorities for people to


communicate with, nobody knows what has happened there.


It makes it hard for the government and for aid agencies to prioritise.


You quoted the figures at the beginning of the programme about the


latest estimates. 9.8 million people have been affected. 660,000 people


have been displaced. The United Nations are keen to stress that the


initial response from the authorities has been impressive


This is the 25th Typhoon since January this year. They had an


earthquake last month. They understand, almost the feet, of this


area. But there has been nothing of this scale in this country since


records began. The last big Typhoon was in 1991. That killed about 000


people. It does seem that this one is going to have a much bigger


impact. We are seeing some warnings of heavy


rainfall. That kind of weather will hamper the relief operations.


It is also very humid as well. There is another weather fronts moving in


behind. Torrential rain, very high temperatures, when you think of all


these bodies lying on the grounds that have not been buried, the


threat of disease is very real. The United Nations is prioritising that.


The first priority is burying the dead. Then food, shelter, medicines,


and evacuating people. Joining me from Geneva is the acting


head of Disaster and Crisis Management Unit with the


International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.


I understand you will launch your appeal tomorrow. What will you be


asking for? The plan is to launch our appeal tomorrow. The focus of


that appeal will be to support 100,000 families. That is 500,0 0


people or more. That will be emergency food supplies, non-food


items that'll help them with emergency shelter. Tents, blankets,


and also good for water and sanitation. We are sending in


emergency response units. I would agree with your previous


correspondence. Health needs are the biggest needs. Those are our biggest


priorities. One of the other issues was the lack of information. There


are perhaps large areas that have been affected and they do not know


how bad it is. How are you getting information from the ground? We


faced similar challenges to other organisations. We worked through our


member national societies. They have volunteers and staff on the ground


in remote areas. The problem is getting information from them. We


still do not know the full extent. There are parts of the country that


there is still no news from. The scale of the disaster is likely to


increase in the coming days. You have talked about the kind of


equipment you need. Do you need more professionals to go then?


At the moment we have already mobilised a team of 30 technical


professionals. Some of them are on the ground already. Some will be


coming in the next day or two. They will be working closely with


experience seems helping them with equipment. They will hand over as


quickly as possible. E Now a look at some of the day s


other news. The Syrian National Council says it


will attend peace talks in Geneva - but it's laid out a series of


conditions. These include barring the Syria's current leader Bashar


al-Assad from the transitional government and giving that


government full executive powers over the military and security.


A long-running dispute that had led to violent clashes between Cambodia


and Thailand over who owns a World Heritage site may be closer to


resolution. The United Nations' highest court has ruled that


Cambodia should have sovereignty over territory around the ancient


Preah Vihear Temple on the border between the two countries.


A senior Afghan militant leader has been shot dead near the Pakistani


capital, Islamabad. Nasiruddin Haqqani was one of the leading


members of the Haqqani network, which has carried out numerous


attacks on Western and Afghan forces. He's thought to have managed


the group's finances. A deal has been made over Iran's


nuclear programme. Britain and Iran have also established direct


diplomatic relations. We all got quite excited over the weekend, and


then there was a feeling of despair when talks didn't yield a deal. But


that is the reality lie here? I think we are closer than we had


never been to a deal with Iran, but it's tough. The body negotiating


with Iran represents diverging interests and responsibilities


concerning the run. -- concerning Iran. But on a very macro level all


of these countries don't want to see Iran get a nuclear weapon, and they


don't want a war with Iran. In that sense, there is forward momentum


going forward in the next few weeks. Those negotiations will pick up


again on the 20th of November, so not a lot of time. What's the


biggest stumbling block they are trying to iron out behind the


scenes? In the last 24 hours, one of the things which may have fallen


apart is the confidentiality of the negotiations. The United States and


Iran have a tough time keeping the details of these negotiations


private. In the last hour, I was looking on twitter and there were


several quite accuser Tory tweets. If negotiations were only between


John Kerry and the Iranian former minister, the likelihood of a deal


would be very high. -- quite accusatory. But because there are


the interests of so many other countries, it's going to be tough to


find a deal in which everyone can be happy. We've heard from Israel as


well. Is the President... But Saudi Arabia very interested. That's


right. If you are Saudi Arabia, the concerned they have is not about the


Islamic Republic of Iran, it's about Iran at large. They filled their


relationship in the United States has premised on these mutual


concerns about Iranians who Germany in the Middle East. If the US and


Iran made peace, they worry about their alliance with the United


States. A lot of countries have lots of difference -- difference and


concern, but everyone wants an Iranian bomb and wants to prevent


Iran becoming Bond. It's a very big challenge for John Kerry as well. --


becoming bombed. The irony is that two years ago, it looked like we


were far closer to going to war against Iran and getting a nuclear


deal. Now, if you are President Obama or John Kerry, the Middle East


is all bad news. Syria is in a terrible civil war, Egypt is


unravelling, other US allies in the region are facing tremendous


difficulty, and the one positive legacy which John Kerry and


President Obama may have is reaching a nuclear deal with Iran. I think


they are doing everything they can to test whether this is possible.


Acts of remembrance have taken place around the UK to mark the


anniversary of the World War One armistice with two-minute silences


at military bases, town halls, churches, schools and at the


National Memorial Arboretum. The day has also been marked in Belgium


where where many of World War One's most deadly battles were fought


It was the moment when men looked at one another in disbelief. The moment


the founder of guns faded. -- the thunder. The moment when the


slaughter stopped. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month,


we paused on a busy Monday and shared the silence.


Today, on Dorothy's 93rd birthday, Dorothy Lay her wreath in memory of


Wilfred. I have done something today which I feel was worthwhile, but


unfortunately, I couldn't do in the way I wanted to. I couldn't stand up


and be counted. But I did the best I could. In the classrooms, amid the


hushed traffic of Trafalgar Square, the bat on of remembrance has been


passed on once more. In art, sometimes it's what you


don't see that's important. And that was the challenge for an American


painter who was allowed by US military to visit Guantanamo Bay and


to sketch some of the prison grounds but not allowed to paint the


detainees who are controversially still held there. An exhibit of


Steve Mumford's watercolor sketches called The Snow Leopard is now on


display at the Postmasters Gallery in New York City.


The subject matter of the show is ultimately the prisoners. It wound


up being everything but the prisoners. I didn't have many acts


bet -- many expectations about Guant?namo. For some reason, it


never occurred to me to go to Guant?namo Bay. The place that I


really fastened on was camp x-ray. X was the first prison where they


brought the prisoners right off the battlefields of Afghanistan, and it


was the place where torture was done to the detainees. It's a strangely


beautiful place, actually. It's a series of deserted plywood hearts.


It's been abandoned for decades and nature has taken over. It feels like


this strange, almost nature preserve, but with these haunting


places where you know terrible things happen. One of the things


that was unique for me in drawing was the censorship there. They were


very open about it. Something like a building sitting on a hillside, I


could draw the land scheme but not the building. That was artistic


gold. I could do a fully fleshed out landscape and then leave this blank


place where I could simply write classified on it. There was


something so intrinsically funny and absurd about that and playing with


the meaning of watercolour. My big disappointment, particularly the


second trip, was that I was not able to draw the detainees, and I thought


it had been arranged ahead of time. When I arrived at the medium


security prison, the head MP looked at me with shock and said, you want


to draw what? ! For that week I drew everything but the actual detainees.


I drew the chair in which they were force-fed. One early morning, I drew


the hallway where they were having a call to prayer, but that was the


closest I got a feeling the presence of the people.


A reminder of our main news: The full scale of the disaster in the


Philippines is still emerging. A state of emergency has been declared


but the Government is struggling to cope with the aftermath of what


looks like the most powerful typhoon ever to hit land. Many victims


desperately need water, food and shelter.


Monday was a dull and damp affair for many parts of England and Wales.


Thankfully for tomorrow, that brighter regime wins out and turns


things drier. That would be the case of


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