12/11/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas. They need food


they need water, they need shelter. We will have the latest on the


international effort to get help to the millions in need in the


Philippines and we will hear from those who wait for help to come We


need food. Only food. No money, no places. No televisions. No cell


phones. No technology. Food. We need food. The government in Egypt is


expected to lift the state of emergency and curfew, but the


country remains bitterly divided. So, with a's the authorities' next


step? Also coming up, a second day of protests in Bangladesh. Garment


factory workers demanding better pay and conditions. The story behind


these haunting images of vanishing tribes. The photographer joins us in


the studio. Hello and welcome. There is growing


desperation among survivors of the super typhoon that hit the


Philippines as many face a fifth night without food, without clean


water and without shelter. Many of them in the pouring rain with


another storm approaching. The UN has launched an appeal for more than


$300 million to help relief efforts. The focus right now is on


distributing aid. The BBC's correspondents have the story for


you from the communities still waiting for aid and from the


epicentre of the disaster, the coastal capital of Tacloban on the


island of Leyte. First, Jon Donnison. Rain was the last thing


people needed here today. After a night of thunderstorms, the homeless


and the helpless are doing what they can to put a roof over their heads.


In the neighbourhood of this village the clean-up has begun. It may look


futile, people are doing their best to restore order. They are wondering


when help will arrive. People are having to help themselves. They are


whatever they can to rebuild their homes and their lives and survive.


The question surely, where do you start? This is just one block in one


neighbourhood in one city. Everyone here has remarkable stories of how


they survived the typhoon. My house collapse. I go into my toilet, I


hold the toilet. The survivors are still vulnerable. Clean water is in


short supply. Here they are using a T-shirt to filter out the filth so


it can be used to cook with. People here are resilient, determined to


get their lives back. They need help and soon. We can survive without


these houses. It's OK for us, we can sleep anywhere. We need food. Only


food. No money, no place, no televisions, no cell phones, no


technology. Food. We need food. To get it, some are increasingly taking


matters into their own hands. Another big food warehouse was


ransacked here today. As the word got out, hundreds rushed to grab


what they could. Five days after the typhoon struck, people here are


still having to help themselves It's clear that getting aid into the


country is one thing, getting aid out to those who need it is another.


George Alagiah flew from Cebu City on an aid flight into Tacloban,


seeing for himself the difficulties involved. Flying time to Tacloban,


the heart of the disaster zone, is about 45 minutes. The captain warned


us he might have to dodge a few storms on the way. So far, much of


the aid effort is concentrated on the big towns. It gets worse than


this. It gets worse as we get nearer Tacloban. From 300 feet above ground


you can see how many villages have been affected. Helicopter mercy


missions would be ideal, but there is a problem. One of the pilots had


a bad experience. They land and the people just ran towards the


helicopter and grabbed everything they could. It posed a danger to the


helicopter, crew and the people who rushed in. You can't really blame


them, they are just desperate? Exactly, sir. They are really


desperate. They really need immediate help. They are really


desperate at times. Roads have been cleared in this area, other


infrastructure from electric pylons to factories have been destroyed.


Much of Leyte province is given over to agriculture, mostly coconuts


sugar cane and rice. You can see mile upon mile of crops has been


destroyed. Rural farmers here have lost a whole growing season. They


will be dependant on food aid for months. Tacloban lies on the other


side of a ridge of mountains. Our pilot tried several passes, but the


weather was closing in, no choice but to turn back. It was too risky.


The rain is too thick. The clouds are too close to the ground, we


really couldn't get through. You get a sense of how difficult the aid


operation must be. Philippine owes are a resilient people. This is not


the first storm they have had to weather, it won't be the last. If


nothing else, they have their faith to cling on to. The Filipino


government has pledged to leave "not one living person behind", no matter


where they are. Of the millions affected by Typhoon Haiyan, many are


in remote and inaccessible parts of the island country. Our


correspondent travelled from road from Cebu City to the far north of


the island where so far no aid has reached. On Cebu Island the road is


littered with the remains of what the storm left behind. Homes turned


to matchsticks. Trees stripped or flattened. Every village has a


terrifying story of the night the storm hit. Where is your house? My


house is there. This is your house here? Yes. Gina was inside with her


husband and three children when the roof flew off. This is the roof


here, it came straight off? Yes They had to battle the wind to reach


the safety of a neighbour's home. The rain is still falling. We saw


two small teams working on the power lines, a desperate task for so few


people. All along the road children have been sent out to the ask for


help. It's been slow in coming. These people collected a few sacks


of rice together and drove up to the first place where they found people


in need. It didn't take long. The line was soon up the road. We are


packing rice, canned goods and medicines. The further you go north,


it's very badly affected. She was right. The wind tore this roof off


in one piece. So much damage and four days on, help has not arrived.


# Please, if we could have, for our people, some of them are dying for


hunger. We need help and assistance of some kind-hearted people. On the


northern tip of Cebu Island the storm hit the hardest. Some were


lucky and needed to patch holes Other also have to start from


scratch. As we made our way into this area, where the majority of the


damage has been done, pretty much every house has either been


flattened or had its roof taken off. The people here say the island


surround -- islands surrounding it are even worse. There are so many


remote places along the typhoon s trail of disaster where people are


waiting for help. The British public has been urged to help victims of


the typhoon in a video appeal by 14 UK charities. On 8th November,


Typhoon Haiyan tore through the Philippines. It was one of the


most... The Disasters Emergency Committee has asked for money to


help survivors. The British government has promised to match the


first ?5 million given by members of the public. With me is Rachel


Obordo, a British-Filipino journalist. She has written about


the people living in the Philippines who are no strangers to natural


disasters. You have been trying to get in touch with your father? We


have been trying o contact him for a few day, not heard anything. No one


is picking up on the tone or not getting a dial tone? The best I can


try is ringing or texting him. I think I've accepted this is the


reality that it is for many people who have family there and are


waiting to hear from them. It does add that personal element, doesn't


it, to everything we have been saying about the impossibility, even


of knowing the scale of the trouble. We haven't really got a handle on it


all yet? No, of course. There are plenty of places in the Philippines,


I'm sure, TV crews haven't managed to reach there. There are places you


hear about all the time, but other places we really don't know. The


Philippine people are used to natural disasters. Typhoons happen,


perhaps a o dozen a year, in a sense people might have thought we will


get through this one as well. It was on such a scale it has taken


everyone by surprise? Yes, Philippine owes experience 24


typhoons a year. The problem is we tend to have only one word for


storm, you can say that to people in English it won't register, they


think it's another one, we have had it before. I just think many people


just couldn't estimate just how badly this was going to hit us. The


government was trying to prepare, wasn't it? There were evacuations


and warning, didn't quite register? Of course. There isn't blame on


anybody's part. It's the reality of living in that country and being


used to typhoons. I think the government has done everything that


it can to try and evacuate people, a lot of people, for them, their home


is the most important place for them. I wouldn't be surprised if a


lot wanted to stay there. People are pretty ril sellient, they are pretty


well used to having to cope with this kind of weather disaster. The


pictures we have seen, one of the problems, if aid can't get through,


if food can't get through, when it does people rush for it, of course


they do, there is the danger of order breaking down? Of course.


There has been reports of looting. I don't think this is a reflection on


any of the people there. This doesn't make them bad people, they


are very, very desperate. This is why it's important that anybody who


can help in anyway to provide relief to people on the ground should


donate if they can. We heard all the appeals and the money coming in


Thank you for joining us and providing some insight. Reports from


Egypt say the government is in the process of litting the state of


emergency and curfew. The restrictions were imposed three


months ago after the overthrough of the president, Mohamed Morsi. Heba


Morayef is director of Human Rights Watch in Egypt joins us from Cairo.


What is the position there? Thursday is clearly the day when it will end,


for sure. The the lack of clarity is today's administrative court ruling.


It ex-spires because to extend it further there would need to be a


referendum. The government isn't lifting the state of emergency, that


is an important distinction. What do you think the government's next move


might be? They clearly want to maintain control? Well, they have


been drafting a very repressive demonstrations law. Today sources


within the presidency were saying that the President, interim


president, with legislative power, will issue that new protest law


within hours and ahead of the full lifting of the state of emergency.


That is bad news for Egypt because this would effectively allow the


Ministry of interior to ban any protests it has the discretion to do


that. Looking at the state of life in Egypt today, something else that


was issued today was a report by the Thompson Reuter's Foundation saying


if you look at the Middle East, 22 Arab countries, Egypt is the worse


place to be a woman. Now, how do you read that? Is it because of a rise


in sexual violence or is there more to it than that? The rankings are


problematic they look at particular aspects of human rights. In terms of


sexual violence in the public's fear that is a very, very serious problem


for women in Egypt. Every woman experiences it on the streets in


Egypt cities on a daily basis. In that term I would understand why


Egypt would have come out first perhaps. I think there are also


other aspects to womens' rights Serious concerns relating to


discrimination against women in personal status laws. Integration of


women in society, participation in economic life, That I think is where


the ranking, looking outside Arabia, becomes somewhat more difficult to


understand. When you try to sum up what is happening in Egypt at the


moment, in terms of political freedoms, in terms of political


atmosphere, how do you see it? Is it a sense of still being in limbo I


think this is a period of stalemate in Egypt. There is deep


polarisation, Muslim Brotherhood supporters see the situation in


Egypt in one way and the rest of society is somewhat in denial about


that situation. There isn't really a process of political debate across


that divide. There also aren't any political negotiations that would


move Egypt forward, in a sense. The authorities keep talking only about


the Road Map, a referendum will not address the deep problems and the


deep polarisation in Egypt related to the massacres that occurred which


haven't been investigated. Relating to the ultimate political exclusion


of the most organised political force in the country over the last


few amongst. Thank you very much. -- months.


Now look at some of the day's other news. A member of the Russian punk


group, Pussy Riot, has been sent to medical prison unit in Siberia, that


is according to Russian Interfax agency. Nadezhda Tolokonnikova has


not been seen since the 22nd of October, and has been on hunger


strike since September. She and another band member serving two year


prison sentences after a protest in Moscow Cathedral last year.


China's leaders say they have agreed on an agenda for reform over the


next decade. Around 200 members of the party's Central the have been


meeting behind closed doors in Beijing. They have agreed a greater


role for markets in the allocation of resources, and no state agencies


will be left to work out the details of reform.


The moderate conservative cleric, Hassan Rouhani, is marking his first


100 days of office as Iran's president. Hassan Rohani six season


-- succeeded mass mood at the minute that -- Mahmoud Ahmadinejad after


winning just over 50% of the electoral vote. Since coming to


office, the has reached out to the West, beginning diplomatic moves


towards a deal on Iran's nuclear programme in the hope of easing


international sanctions. Racal is in Bangladesh have fired


tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse Garment factory workers who


have been protesting for a second day over the wages and conditions.


It is an industry that earns 20 billion US dollars in exports but


whose workers are among the laws pays in the world.


Police responded with tear gas and rubber bullets. There were injuries


on both sides. The angry workers broke the gates of our factory. At


one stage he set fire to our belongings. They entered the factory


and damaged chairs and tables. Scores of factories have remained


closed for another day. These workers complain their wages are the


lowest in the world, $20 per month. A government panel has proposed a 7%


hike. Manufacturers are still resisting and they are of the view


that it will damage the industry, second only to China. Workers are


frustrated with the delay. A salary of 5000 doesn't meet our need.


Nothing in the market cost less than 50 Dakar. You cannot get anything


below that range so play -- explained to us how we can live with


a salary that now. A clothing factory complex collapsed killing


1100 people. Since then global retailers and the government have


promised to improve conditions. But seven months on, little has. The


fatal fire at a textile plant last month highlights the safety


concerns. 4 million workers in Bangladesh make cheap calls for


Western consumers. Many have perished in unsafe factories. For


the rest, higher wages and now a matter of survival.


There have been protests against low pay and were working conditions in


Cambodia as well. At the -- least one person is known to have died in


clashes with police and Phnom Penh. Hundreds of workers from a garment


factory tried to march on the office of the Prime Minister. As riot


police stopped them, it is reported that several others were injured in


more than 200 -- two dozen arrested. Technology has transformed the way


we see the world, and has arguably made it a smaller place, with people


able to connect in an instant to others thousands of miles away. But


with everything increasingly accessible, it is also easier to


crowd out vulnerable cultures. It is photographer Jimmy Nelson has tried


to document vanishing tribal cultures around the world in a major


new project called "Before They Pass Away" . Jimmy Nelson joins me now to


talk us through some of his extraordinary images. Where was this


taken? This was in north-western Mongolia. They are of the Khazaks.


They are very athletically powerful, they make you stop and


stare. It is very deliberate, they are made on a traditional plate


camera. I spend many hours are organisation -- organising these


pictures. I actually believe they have something to teach us in their


authenticity. As we look at the next picture, I want to ask how long you


spend with people. You need to gain their trust and you're setting up


this is better conversation. An enormous amount of time because this


is done on a traditional plate camera. It requires enormously long


shutter speeds. You have to develop the -- a relationship with your set.


There is a whole relationship that has been developed prior to making


these pictures. As we look at men and women, this is an incredible


image. You are looking at cultural 's that are vulnerable or vanishing.


You are creating historical images. I am trying to make beautiful images


are very beautiful people, making them icons to encourage discussion.


We want them to make us aware of how special they are and how authentic


they are and remind us of where we come from. I regard them as


emotionally far wealthier than we are, although we have all the


material wealth, they have cultural and emotional well. There is a


balance we should achieve between the two parts of the world. By


drawing attention to them, in a way you might drop on more tourism. That


is inevitable. Many places will be difficult to access for a long time


anyway. No matter how remote I was, we were never more than two days


away from the Internet full top in a very short period of time, many of


these evil had telephones. And many more will get smartphones, so they


will be contracted by the developed world and they will want it. They


are right to come to it but we should form a discussion with them


as to how special they are at, and perhaps they already have a wealth


that we have lost and that they should be in courage to take them


with them. Hence these very formal portraits. Look at these pictures.


It was inspired by an icon of mine, an American photographer. This is in


Papua New Guinea. A famous American photographer who photographed the


last North American Indians. He was also trying to wake Americans up to


the fact that these people in their dignity are very beautiful. They


died as a culture. Through his inspiration, I would like on an


international scale to do the same, but try and avoid the loss of this


authenticity as it develops into the global world. As we have seen these


group portraits, you talk about them getting smartphones, but the kind of


materials that go into smartphones are consumer demands. The mining and


Papa New Guinea is extraordinary. All these people are alike finding a


needle in a haystack for cultures. An image like this inspires me. It


reminds me of the famous film Avatar. That was a digital fantasy,


but one of the reasons we were tracked to it was the harking to


nature and harking back to balance. I am encouraging my children to go


here, and to aspire them into thinking that if you still live in


this extraordinary environment, in 1992. The classical charts for


several months. In 1997 has Song For Athene was played at the funeral of


Diana, Princess of Wales. We'll leave you now with a short clip


And an images and music, that is where we are leaving this programme.


Next we have a weather up date for you. From me and the rest of the


team, goodbye. Hello. With clear skies this


evening, it is turning very cold outdoors, frosty in places. At least


some sunshine, particularly more southern parts. The fine weather in


the South will affect this area of high pressure. But we have this big


low coming in, bringing with it some rain. That Chile, frosty start


across the South, with some fog for spring. For north and west, the


winds will strengthening year. By the afternoon we will see the cloud


they can across the north of England. Across East Anglia and the


south-east we should hold onto that sunshine for longer. After that cold


start, temperatures at 10 degrees


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