12/11/2013 World News Today


12/11/2013

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 12/11/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas. They need food

:00:00.:00:09.

they need water, they need shelter. We will have the latest on the

:00:10.:00:13.

international effort to get help to the millions in need in the

:00:14.:00:17.

Philippines and we will hear from those who wait for help to come We

:00:18.:00:21.

need food. Only food. No money, no places. No televisions. No cell

:00:22.:00:28.

phones. No technology. Food. We need food. The government in Egypt is

:00:29.:00:33.

expected to lift the state of emergency and curfew, but the

:00:34.:00:36.

country remains bitterly divided. So, with a's the authorities' next

:00:37.:00:44.

step? Also coming up, a second day of protests in Bangladesh. Garment

:00:45.:00:48.

factory workers demanding better pay and conditions. The story behind

:00:49.:00:52.

these haunting images of vanishing tribes. The photographer joins us in

:00:53.:00:54.

the studio. Hello and welcome. There is growing

:00:55.:01:15.

desperation among survivors of the super typhoon that hit the

:01:16.:01:20.

Philippines as many face a fifth night without food, without clean

:01:21.:01:22.

water and without shelter. Many of them in the pouring rain with

:01:23.:01:25.

another storm approaching. The UN has launched an appeal for more than

:01:26.:01:31.

$300 million to help relief efforts. The focus right now is on

:01:32.:01:35.

distributing aid. The BBC's correspondents have the story for

:01:36.:01:38.

you from the communities still waiting for aid and from the

:01:39.:01:42.

epicentre of the disaster, the coastal capital of Tacloban on the

:01:43.:01:46.

island of Leyte. First, Jon Donnison. Rain was the last thing

:01:47.:01:53.

people needed here today. After a night of thunderstorms, the homeless

:01:54.:01:59.

and the helpless are doing what they can to put a roof over their heads.

:02:00.:02:11.

In the neighbourhood of this village the clean-up has begun. It may look

:02:12.:02:16.

futile, people are doing their best to restore order. They are wondering

:02:17.:02:21.

when help will arrive. People are having to help themselves. They are

:02:22.:02:25.

whatever they can to rebuild their homes and their lives and survive.

:02:26.:02:31.

The question surely, where do you start? This is just one block in one

:02:32.:02:39.

neighbourhood in one city. Everyone here has remarkable stories of how

:02:40.:02:46.

they survived the typhoon. My house collapse. I go into my toilet, I

:02:47.:02:58.

hold the toilet. The survivors are still vulnerable. Clean water is in

:02:59.:03:05.

short supply. Here they are using a T-shirt to filter out the filth so

:03:06.:03:11.

it can be used to cook with. People here are resilient, determined to

:03:12.:03:15.

get their lives back. They need help and soon. We can survive without

:03:16.:03:27.

these houses. It's OK for us, we can sleep anywhere. We need food. Only

:03:28.:03:32.

food. No money, no place, no televisions, no cell phones, no

:03:33.:03:38.

technology. Food. We need food. To get it, some are increasingly taking

:03:39.:03:43.

matters into their own hands. Another big food warehouse was

:03:44.:03:49.

ransacked here today. As the word got out, hundreds rushed to grab

:03:50.:03:55.

what they could. Five days after the typhoon struck, people here are

:03:56.:04:01.

still having to help themselves It's clear that getting aid into the

:04:02.:04:06.

country is one thing, getting aid out to those who need it is another.

:04:07.:04:11.

George Alagiah flew from Cebu City on an aid flight into Tacloban,

:04:12.:04:15.

seeing for himself the difficulties involved. Flying time to Tacloban,

:04:16.:04:21.

the heart of the disaster zone, is about 45 minutes. The captain warned

:04:22.:04:27.

us he might have to dodge a few storms on the way. So far, much of

:04:28.:04:32.

the aid effort is concentrated on the big towns. It gets worse than

:04:33.:04:39.

this. It gets worse as we get nearer Tacloban. From 300 feet above ground

:04:40.:04:43.

you can see how many villages have been affected. Helicopter mercy

:04:44.:04:48.

missions would be ideal, but there is a problem. One of the pilots had

:04:49.:04:55.

a bad experience. They land and the people just ran towards the

:04:56.:05:00.

helicopter and grabbed everything they could. It posed a danger to the

:05:01.:05:04.

helicopter, crew and the people who rushed in. You can't really blame

:05:05.:05:08.

them, they are just desperate? Exactly, sir. They are really

:05:09.:05:15.

desperate. They really need immediate help. They are really

:05:16.:05:21.

desperate at times. Roads have been cleared in this area, other

:05:22.:05:25.

infrastructure from electric pylons to factories have been destroyed.

:05:26.:05:30.

Much of Leyte province is given over to agriculture, mostly coconuts

:05:31.:05:37.

sugar cane and rice. You can see mile upon mile of crops has been

:05:38.:05:42.

destroyed. Rural farmers here have lost a whole growing season. They

:05:43.:05:47.

will be dependant on food aid for months. Tacloban lies on the other

:05:48.:05:51.

side of a ridge of mountains. Our pilot tried several passes, but the

:05:52.:05:55.

weather was closing in, no choice but to turn back. It was too risky.

:05:56.:06:00.

The rain is too thick. The clouds are too close to the ground, we

:06:01.:06:04.

really couldn't get through. You get a sense of how difficult the aid

:06:05.:06:09.

operation must be. Philippine owes are a resilient people. This is not

:06:10.:06:13.

the first storm they have had to weather, it won't be the last. If

:06:14.:06:16.

nothing else, they have their faith to cling on to. The Filipino

:06:17.:06:23.

government has pledged to leave "not one living person behind", no matter

:06:24.:06:26.

where they are. Of the millions affected by Typhoon Haiyan, many are

:06:27.:06:32.

in remote and inaccessible parts of the island country. Our

:06:33.:06:36.

correspondent travelled from road from Cebu City to the far north of

:06:37.:06:40.

the island where so far no aid has reached. On Cebu Island the road is

:06:41.:06:51.

littered with the remains of what the storm left behind. Homes turned

:06:52.:06:56.

to matchsticks. Trees stripped or flattened. Every village has a

:06:57.:07:02.

terrifying story of the night the storm hit. Where is your house? My

:07:03.:07:07.

house is there. This is your house here? Yes. Gina was inside with her

:07:08.:07:13.

husband and three children when the roof flew off. This is the roof

:07:14.:07:17.

here, it came straight off? Yes They had to battle the wind to reach

:07:18.:07:22.

the safety of a neighbour's home. The rain is still falling. We saw

:07:23.:07:25.

two small teams working on the power lines, a desperate task for so few

:07:26.:07:33.

people. All along the road children have been sent out to the ask for

:07:34.:07:42.

help. It's been slow in coming. These people collected a few sacks

:07:43.:07:46.

of rice together and drove up to the first place where they found people

:07:47.:07:50.

in need. It didn't take long. The line was soon up the road. We are

:07:51.:07:56.

packing rice, canned goods and medicines. The further you go north,

:07:57.:08:01.

it's very badly affected. She was right. The wind tore this roof off

:08:02.:08:08.

in one piece. So much damage and four days on, help has not arrived.

:08:09.:08:15.

# Please, if we could have, for our people, some of them are dying for

:08:16.:08:25.

hunger. We need help and assistance of some kind-hearted people. On the

:08:26.:08:31.

northern tip of Cebu Island the storm hit the hardest. Some were

:08:32.:08:35.

lucky and needed to patch holes Other also have to start from

:08:36.:08:39.

scratch. As we made our way into this area, where the majority of the

:08:40.:08:42.

damage has been done, pretty much every house has either been

:08:43.:08:46.

flattened or had its roof taken off. The people here say the island

:08:47.:08:51.

surround -- islands surrounding it are even worse. There are so many

:08:52.:08:59.

remote places along the typhoon s trail of disaster where people are

:09:00.:09:03.

waiting for help. The British public has been urged to help victims of

:09:04.:09:07.

the typhoon in a video appeal by 14 UK charities. On 8th November,

:09:08.:09:15.

Typhoon Haiyan tore through the Philippines. It was one of the

:09:16.:09:20.

most... The Disasters Emergency Committee has asked for money to

:09:21.:09:24.

help survivors. The British government has promised to match the

:09:25.:09:30.

first ?5 million given by members of the public. With me is Rachel

:09:31.:09:37.

Obordo, a British-Filipino journalist. She has written about

:09:38.:09:44.

the people living in the Philippines who are no strangers to natural

:09:45.:09:48.

disasters. You have been trying to get in touch with your father? We

:09:49.:09:53.

have been trying o contact him for a few day, not heard anything. No one

:09:54.:09:57.

is picking up on the tone or not getting a dial tone? The best I can

:09:58.:10:03.

try is ringing or texting him. I think I've accepted this is the

:10:04.:10:06.

reality that it is for many people who have family there and are

:10:07.:10:10.

waiting to hear from them. It does add that personal element, doesn't

:10:11.:10:13.

it, to everything we have been saying about the impossibility, even

:10:14.:10:16.

of knowing the scale of the trouble. We haven't really got a handle on it

:10:17.:10:21.

all yet? No, of course. There are plenty of places in the Philippines,

:10:22.:10:26.

I'm sure, TV crews haven't managed to reach there. There are places you

:10:27.:10:41.

hear about all the time, but other places we really don't know. The

:10:42.:10:47.

Philippine people are used to natural disasters. Typhoons happen,

:10:48.:10:51.

perhaps a o dozen a year, in a sense people might have thought we will

:10:52.:10:55.

get through this one as well. It was on such a scale it has taken

:10:56.:11:00.

everyone by surprise? Yes, Philippine owes experience 24

:11:01.:11:08.

typhoons a year. The problem is we tend to have only one word for

:11:09.:11:13.

storm, you can say that to people in English it won't register, they

:11:14.:11:18.

think it's another one, we have had it before. I just think many people

:11:19.:11:23.

just couldn't estimate just how badly this was going to hit us. The

:11:24.:11:28.

government was trying to prepare, wasn't it? There were evacuations

:11:29.:11:35.

and warning, didn't quite register? Of course. There isn't blame on

:11:36.:11:40.

anybody's part. It's the reality of living in that country and being

:11:41.:11:44.

used to typhoons. I think the government has done everything that

:11:45.:11:49.

it can to try and evacuate people, a lot of people, for them, their home

:11:50.:11:54.

is the most important place for them. I wouldn't be surprised if a

:11:55.:11:59.

lot wanted to stay there. People are pretty ril sellient, they are pretty

:12:00.:12:04.

well used to having to cope with this kind of weather disaster. The

:12:05.:12:09.

pictures we have seen, one of the problems, if aid can't get through,

:12:10.:12:12.

if food can't get through, when it does people rush for it, of course

:12:13.:12:16.

they do, there is the danger of order breaking down? Of course.

:12:17.:12:20.

There has been reports of looting. I don't think this is a reflection on

:12:21.:12:23.

any of the people there. This doesn't make them bad people, they

:12:24.:12:28.

are very, very desperate. This is why it's important that anybody who

:12:29.:12:32.

can help in anyway to provide relief to people on the ground should

:12:33.:12:39.

donate if they can. We heard all the appeals and the money coming in

:12:40.:12:41.

Thank you for joining us and providing some insight. Reports from

:12:42.:12:45.

Egypt say the government is in the process of litting the state of

:12:46.:12:49.

emergency and curfew. The restrictions were imposed three

:12:50.:12:54.

months ago after the overthrough of the president, Mohamed Morsi. Heba

:12:55.:13:22.

Morayef is director of Human Rights Watch in Egypt joins us from Cairo.

:13:23.:13:28.

What is the position there? Thursday is clearly the day when it will end,

:13:29.:13:35.

for sure. The the lack of clarity is today's administrative court ruling.

:13:36.:13:39.

It ex-spires because to extend it further there would need to be a

:13:40.:13:43.

referendum. The government isn't lifting the state of emergency, that

:13:44.:13:46.

is an important distinction. What do you think the government's next move

:13:47.:13:52.

might be? They clearly want to maintain control? Well, they have

:13:53.:13:56.

been drafting a very repressive demonstrations law. Today sources

:13:57.:14:01.

within the presidency were saying that the President, interim

:14:02.:14:05.

president, with legislative power, will issue that new protest law

:14:06.:14:09.

within hours and ahead of the full lifting of the state of emergency.

:14:10.:14:13.

That is bad news for Egypt because this would effectively allow the

:14:14.:14:17.

Ministry of interior to ban any protests it has the discretion to do

:14:18.:14:22.

that. Looking at the state of life in Egypt today, something else that

:14:23.:14:27.

was issued today was a report by the Thompson Reuter's Foundation saying

:14:28.:14:31.

if you look at the Middle East, 22 Arab countries, Egypt is the worse

:14:32.:14:35.

place to be a woman. Now, how do you read that? Is it because of a rise

:14:36.:14:39.

in sexual violence or is there more to it than that? The rankings are

:14:40.:14:47.

problematic they look at particular aspects of human rights. In terms of

:14:48.:14:51.

sexual violence in the public's fear that is a very, very serious problem

:14:52.:14:57.

for women in Egypt. Every woman experiences it on the streets in

:14:58.:15:01.

Egypt cities on a daily basis. In that term I would understand why

:15:02.:15:05.

Egypt would have come out first perhaps. I think there are also

:15:06.:15:10.

other aspects to womens' rights Serious concerns relating to

:15:11.:15:16.

discrimination against women in personal status laws. Integration of

:15:17.:15:20.

women in society, participation in economic life, That I think is where

:15:21.:15:27.

the ranking, looking outside Arabia, becomes somewhat more difficult to

:15:28.:15:30.

understand. When you try to sum up what is happening in Egypt at the

:15:31.:15:33.

moment, in terms of political freedoms, in terms of political

:15:34.:15:38.

atmosphere, how do you see it? Is it a sense of still being in limbo I

:15:39.:15:44.

think this is a period of stalemate in Egypt. There is deep

:15:45.:15:50.

polarisation, Muslim Brotherhood supporters see the situation in

:15:51.:15:55.

Egypt in one way and the rest of society is somewhat in denial about

:15:56.:15:59.

that situation. There isn't really a process of political debate across

:16:00.:16:05.

that divide. There also aren't any political negotiations that would

:16:06.:16:09.

move Egypt forward, in a sense. The authorities keep talking only about

:16:10.:16:17.

the Road Map, a referendum will not address the deep problems and the

:16:18.:16:23.

deep polarisation in Egypt related to the massacres that occurred which

:16:24.:16:26.

haven't been investigated. Relating to the ultimate political exclusion

:16:27.:16:30.

of the most organised political force in the country over the last

:16:31.:16:35.

few amongst. Thank you very much. -- months.

:16:36.:16:40.

Now look at some of the day's other news. A member of the Russian punk

:16:41.:16:49.

group, Pussy Riot, has been sent to medical prison unit in Siberia, that

:16:50.:16:54.

is according to Russian Interfax agency. Nadezhda Tolokonnikova has

:16:55.:16:59.

not been seen since the 22nd of October, and has been on hunger

:17:00.:17:04.

strike since September. She and another band member serving two year

:17:05.:17:09.

prison sentences after a protest in Moscow Cathedral last year.

:17:10.:17:15.

China's leaders say they have agreed on an agenda for reform over the

:17:16.:17:19.

next decade. Around 200 members of the party's Central the have been

:17:20.:17:23.

meeting behind closed doors in Beijing. They have agreed a greater

:17:24.:17:27.

role for markets in the allocation of resources, and no state agencies

:17:28.:17:31.

will be left to work out the details of reform.

:17:32.:17:34.

The moderate conservative cleric, Hassan Rouhani, is marking his first

:17:35.:17:39.

100 days of office as Iran's president. Hassan Rohani six season

:17:40.:17:47.

-- succeeded mass mood at the minute that -- Mahmoud Ahmadinejad after

:17:48.:17:55.

winning just over 50% of the electoral vote. Since coming to

:17:56.:17:58.

office, the has reached out to the West, beginning diplomatic moves

:17:59.:18:03.

towards a deal on Iran's nuclear programme in the hope of easing

:18:04.:18:05.

international sanctions. Racal is in Bangladesh have fired

:18:06.:18:12.

tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse Garment factory workers who

:18:13.:18:15.

have been protesting for a second day over the wages and conditions.

:18:16.:18:18.

It is an industry that earns 20 billion US dollars in exports but

:18:19.:18:22.

whose workers are among the laws pays in the world.

:18:23.:18:29.

Police responded with tear gas and rubber bullets. There were injuries

:18:30.:18:36.

on both sides. The angry workers broke the gates of our factory. At

:18:37.:18:40.

one stage he set fire to our belongings. They entered the factory

:18:41.:18:46.

and damaged chairs and tables. Scores of factories have remained

:18:47.:18:49.

closed for another day. These workers complain their wages are the

:18:50.:18:54.

lowest in the world, $20 per month. A government panel has proposed a 7%

:18:55.:18:59.

hike. Manufacturers are still resisting and they are of the view

:19:00.:19:07.

that it will damage the industry, second only to China. Workers are

:19:08.:19:18.

frustrated with the delay. A salary of 5000 doesn't meet our need.

:19:19.:19:25.

Nothing in the market cost less than 50 Dakar. You cannot get anything

:19:26.:19:29.

below that range so play -- explained to us how we can live with

:19:30.:19:37.

a salary that now. A clothing factory complex collapsed killing

:19:38.:19:45.

1100 people. Since then global retailers and the government have

:19:46.:19:50.

promised to improve conditions. But seven months on, little has. The

:19:51.:19:56.

fatal fire at a textile plant last month highlights the safety

:19:57.:20:01.

concerns. 4 million workers in Bangladesh make cheap calls for

:20:02.:20:07.

Western consumers. Many have perished in unsafe factories. For

:20:08.:20:12.

the rest, higher wages and now a matter of survival.

:20:13.:20:21.

There have been protests against low pay and were working conditions in

:20:22.:20:27.

Cambodia as well. At the -- least one person is known to have died in

:20:28.:20:31.

clashes with police and Phnom Penh. Hundreds of workers from a garment

:20:32.:20:35.

factory tried to march on the office of the Prime Minister. As riot

:20:36.:20:38.

police stopped them, it is reported that several others were injured in

:20:39.:20:45.

more than 200 -- two dozen arrested. Technology has transformed the way

:20:46.:20:48.

we see the world, and has arguably made it a smaller place, with people

:20:49.:20:52.

able to connect in an instant to others thousands of miles away. But

:20:53.:20:55.

with everything increasingly accessible, it is also easier to

:20:56.:21:00.

crowd out vulnerable cultures. It is photographer Jimmy Nelson has tried

:21:01.:21:04.

to document vanishing tribal cultures around the world in a major

:21:05.:21:09.

new project called "Before They Pass Away" . Jimmy Nelson joins me now to

:21:10.:21:12.

talk us through some of his extraordinary images. Where was this

:21:13.:21:16.

taken? This was in north-western Mongolia. They are of the Khazaks.

:21:17.:21:23.

They are very athletically powerful, they make you stop and

:21:24.:21:27.

stare. It is very deliberate, they are made on a traditional plate

:21:28.:21:33.

camera. I spend many hours are organisation -- organising these

:21:34.:21:38.

pictures. I actually believe they have something to teach us in their

:21:39.:21:43.

authenticity. As we look at the next picture, I want to ask how long you

:21:44.:21:48.

spend with people. You need to gain their trust and you're setting up

:21:49.:21:52.

this is better conversation. An enormous amount of time because this

:21:53.:21:55.

is done on a traditional plate camera. It requires enormously long

:21:56.:22:04.

shutter speeds. You have to develop the -- a relationship with your set.

:22:05.:22:13.

There is a whole relationship that has been developed prior to making

:22:14.:22:18.

these pictures. As we look at men and women, this is an incredible

:22:19.:22:22.

image. You are looking at cultural 's that are vulnerable or vanishing.

:22:23.:22:28.

You are creating historical images. I am trying to make beautiful images

:22:29.:22:34.

are very beautiful people, making them icons to encourage discussion.

:22:35.:22:41.

We want them to make us aware of how special they are and how authentic

:22:42.:22:44.

they are and remind us of where we come from. I regard them as

:22:45.:22:49.

emotionally far wealthier than we are, although we have all the

:22:50.:22:53.

material wealth, they have cultural and emotional well. There is a

:22:54.:22:56.

balance we should achieve between the two parts of the world. By

:22:57.:23:01.

drawing attention to them, in a way you might drop on more tourism. That

:23:02.:23:09.

is inevitable. Many places will be difficult to access for a long time

:23:10.:23:16.

anyway. No matter how remote I was, we were never more than two days

:23:17.:23:20.

away from the Internet full top in a very short period of time, many of

:23:21.:23:25.

these evil had telephones. And many more will get smartphones, so they

:23:26.:23:29.

will be contracted by the developed world and they will want it. They

:23:30.:23:33.

are right to come to it but we should form a discussion with them

:23:34.:23:36.

as to how special they are at, and perhaps they already have a wealth

:23:37.:23:39.

that we have lost and that they should be in courage to take them

:23:40.:23:44.

with them. Hence these very formal portraits. Look at these pictures.

:23:45.:23:51.

It was inspired by an icon of mine, an American photographer. This is in

:23:52.:24:00.

Papua New Guinea. A famous American photographer who photographed the

:24:01.:24:03.

last North American Indians. He was also trying to wake Americans up to

:24:04.:24:07.

the fact that these people in their dignity are very beautiful. They

:24:08.:24:13.

died as a culture. Through his inspiration, I would like on an

:24:14.:24:16.

international scale to do the same, but try and avoid the loss of this

:24:17.:24:22.

authenticity as it develops into the global world. As we have seen these

:24:23.:24:28.

group portraits, you talk about them getting smartphones, but the kind of

:24:29.:24:34.

materials that go into smartphones are consumer demands. The mining and

:24:35.:24:43.

Papa New Guinea is extraordinary. All these people are alike finding a

:24:44.:24:49.

needle in a haystack for cultures. An image like this inspires me. It

:24:50.:24:55.

reminds me of the famous film Avatar. That was a digital fantasy,

:24:56.:25:00.

but one of the reasons we were tracked to it was the harking to

:25:01.:25:08.

nature and harking back to balance. I am encouraging my children to go

:25:09.:25:13.

here, and to aspire them into thinking that if you still live in

:25:14.:25:16.

this extraordinary environment, in 1992. The classical charts for

:25:17.:25:55.

several months. In 1997 has Song For Athene was played at the funeral of

:25:56.:25:59.

Diana, Princess of Wales. We'll leave you now with a short clip

:26:00.:26:34.

And an images and music, that is where we are leaving this programme.

:26:35.:26:39.

Next we have a weather up date for you. From me and the rest of the

:26:40.:26:42.

team, goodbye. Hello. With clear skies this

:26:43.:26:59.

evening, it is turning very cold outdoors, frosty in places. At least

:27:00.:27:04.

some sunshine, particularly more southern parts. The fine weather in

:27:05.:27:10.

the South will affect this area of high pressure. But we have this big

:27:11.:27:15.

low coming in, bringing with it some rain. That Chile, frosty start

:27:16.:27:21.

across the South, with some fog for spring. For north and west, the

:27:22.:27:26.

winds will strengthening year. By the afternoon we will see the cloud

:27:27.:27:30.

they can across the north of England. Across East Anglia and the

:27:31.:27:34.

south-east we should hold onto that sunshine for longer. After that cold

:27:35.:27:39.

start, temperatures at 10 degrees

:27:40.:27:40.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS