13/11/2013 World News Today


13/11/2013

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This is BBC World News Today. They struggle to help the victims of

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Typhoon Haiyan. Trying to keep the calm - the army's drafted in as the

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Philippine government admits it s been overwhelmed by the scale of the

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typhoon. And we follow one woman's struggle to find out whether her

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family has arrived. People have family members they have not heard

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from. The only thing they can do is come out looking for them in these

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remote areas. And because such a large area of the Philippines was

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affected, getting aid out to all of those far-flung places is very slow.

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Toronto's mayor admits buying illegal drugs but is still refusing

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to step down as the leader of Canada's biggest city.

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And Oprah Winfrey talks to the BBC about Barack Obama and claims he's

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disrespected not because he's president but because he's black.

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Three panels, one record-breaking price. Find out just how much this

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Francis Bacon masterpiece fetched at auction.

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Hello and welcome. The Philippine government has said it's confronting

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its greatest logistical challenge ever and has admitted it is

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overwhelmed. Aid supplies are beginning to reach some of those

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affected, but it's not easy because Typhoon Haiyan affected a vast area,

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cutting off roads, electricity supplies and communications. In some

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places, there's been no sign of any help coming. Alastair Leithead has

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been trying to reach isolated communities. He took a boat from a

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remote part of Cebu to the western coast of Leyte Island, and met two

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sisters heading off on a rescue mission.

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Far out on the horizon, an island struck by the eye of the typhoon.

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The lifeline is a passenger ferry. When the aid eventually comes, this

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is how it will reach the people And it is how this woman hopes she will

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find her family. She, her sister and her daughter are on a rescue mission

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in the hope that their family made it through the storm. They brought a

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car with food and water but don t know what to expect on the road

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ahead. We come here to rescue my family because they don't have food

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any more. I heard from the social networks, Facebook, there is no more

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food in this city. That is why we are trying to find our family. I

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don't know if they are alive or not. We don't have any connection. We

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followed them on the road north It is now a familiar sight. House after

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house destroyed. Trees ripped up and pushed aside. Electricity cables

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down, hanging in the road. The same landscape for mile after mile. The

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reason that communications have been so bad of course is because mobile

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phone masts have come down. Roads have been blocked until quite

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recently. If people have family members they have not heard from,

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the only thing they can do is look for them in these remote areas and

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because such a huge part of the Philippines was affected, getting

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aid to all of these far-flung bases is proving slow. -- far flung

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places. Afternoon turned to night. The road worsened as we got near to

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the family home. They did not know what to expect, seeing all of the

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damage. But then... A family reunited. Everyone is fine. Their

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homes were destroyed, there is little food or sign of aid but they

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survived. I am very happy that they are alive. The whole area is alive.

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That is the most important thing to me and for my family and my

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neighbourhood. One family's story among millions amid the trail of

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chaos the storm left behind. There are growing signs that the

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survivors of last Friday's typhoon disaster are becoming more desperate

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- and troops have been deployed in greater numbers than ever before.

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Rupert Wingfield-Hayes has sent this report.

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At Tacloban Hospital, this 13-year-old girl has just been

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brought in. Badly injured and deeply traumatised. For six days, she was

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trapped in the ruins of her home. The bodies of her whole family lying

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around her. The only thing she has been able to tell nurse 's is her

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name. Rebecca. The doctor immediately set to work cleaning her

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badly infected wins but he only has the most basic supplies. We have no

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equipment. We don't have medicines. We lack medicine. We need your help.

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Outside, others are not waiting for help. They are helping themselves.

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At first glance, it is hard to tell what is going on here, until you

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realise this is a petrol station. This is diesel in this type

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underground and they have ingeniously started filling up the

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bottles. What do you need this for? Your car or your motorcycle?

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Motorcycle? And he ran out of fuel? OK. -- have you run out of fuel

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This is well ordered listing. It is the only way for people to get fuel.

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-- well ordered looting. These are strange days in Tacloban. At noon

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the streets emptied and soldiers appeared. Yesterday's disaster zone

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briefly took on the appearance of a war zone. Some people told me the

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city was about to be attacked by Communist rebels. It is not clear

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what is going on here. The Army have moved in to reassert control, now

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they say they have a gunman pinned down. We never did find out, but the

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Army does appear to be here in force now. Back at the hospital, it is

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little consolation. They are short of everything. These people are

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waiting for operations they cannot have that. This baby has a high

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fever and diarrhoea. But even the drinking water she so obviously

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needs has to be carefully rationed. In time, the cat's physical wounds

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will heal. -- Rebecca's physical wounds. For many people here, there

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will forever or be life before and after the typhoon. -- forevermore.

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With me is Jerry Velasquez from the United Nations Office for Disaster

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Risk Reduction. He's also from the Philippines. Thank you for joining

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us. Let's look at the potential death toll. The official figure is

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about 2200. Do you think it will be many more? The officials have said

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it is around 10,000, the president has said it is 2500. We will have to

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wait for the official figures. We have not managed to get to the

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outlying areas. We will have to wait for the final figures. It is a

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carrot of tragedy. You are an official at the United Nations

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dealing with this kind of thing How does this disaster right in terms of

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severity in your unit? For the Philippines, it is probably the

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strongest typhoon that has struck the country. There has been a

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category five typhoon that has struck in 2006... Compared to other

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disasters, we think of the 2004 Zenani, where does this right? We

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could rank it severely. But of course the number of deaths would be

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very different. What do you think needs to be done? The Philippine

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government said it is overrun. It is focusing on getting help to people.

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Should that be the focus or do you have to think of the medium term

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reconstruction, building as well? Definitely, in these kind of

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disasters, saving lives is a priority. That has to happen. But at

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the same time because we are already thinking of the medium term needs, I

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think it is already necessary to think and prepare for the

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medium-term needs including recovery and reconstruction. So you mean even

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the temporary shelters that are provided for people, that has got to

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be planned straightaway? Your unit, the disaster risk reduction unit at

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the United Nations, a relatively new one that was set up after the

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tsunami, is there a framework to can kind of say there is a universal one

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size fits all approach to dealing with this kind of disaster? After

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the 2000 forced an army, -- 200 tsunami, we set priorities for all

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countries. That framework is coming to an end in 2015. Like the 200

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tsunami, this typhoon is going to change the way we look at this

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global framework. Do the most vulnerable, the poorest, suffer the

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most? Of course. The poorest and most honourable feed into each

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other. Most of the people affected are the poorest people. And also

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those that suffer are the ones that simply because the houses are made

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of wood. Because of their poverty. So there is directly a link between

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the two. Jerry Velasquez, thank you very much for giving us your

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perspective. Rob Ford is Toronto's mayor - and

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he's just admitting buying illegal drugs. That's on top of earlier

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admissions of smoking crack cocaine and getting, in his word, "hammered

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on alcohol" too often. He's been speaking at a council debate on a

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motion to ask him to take a leave of absence. That is when he made the

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dramatic confession. Have you purchased illegal drugs in the last

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two years? Yes, I have. Following this is our correspondent David

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Willis, who's in Washington for us now. Rob Ford admitted that but he

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still seems to be admitting the Nile. He does. This was Toronto City

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Council debating this motion calling for Rob Ford either to step aside

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for take a leave of absence from the position he has. He has consistently

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refused to do that but there came this bombshell admission when asked

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whether he had purchased illegal drugs over the course of the last

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two years, it seemed to take Rob Ford and eternity to reply yes, I

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have, and that is something new because he had previously admitted

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taking crack cocaine but this is the first time he has actually admitted

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to purchasing illegal and illicit substances. The Toronto City Council

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does not have the authority to remove Mr Ford from office, this is

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purely symbolic what is happening today, but it is probably going to,

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that admission is going to add to the calls for him to resign, with

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opinion polls showing more than 75% of Toronto's residents now want him

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to go. David, remind us how he found himself in this predicament. There

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was a video. There was. A video was leaked to the media, then the police

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and last week they said they had obtained what appeared to be a copy

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of the same video, this was allegedly a video tape of Rob Ford

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taking crack cocaine. At the moment the Toronto police have said that

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they are looking to interview Mr Ford but there are no plans at

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present to charge him. And I said, the Toronto city cancelled the date

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is purely symbolic, Mr Ford has to be convicted of a crime before he

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can be forced out of office. -- as I said. David Willis on the continuing

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trials of Mayor Rob Ford in Toronto. The death toll of innocent civilians

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in the Syrian conflict is tragic. In one of the latest incidents, four

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children and their bus driver were buried after two mortars struck the

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Old City of Damascus. The shells hit a school and a school bus in a

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mainly Christian area on Monday It confirms the growing frequency of

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attacks in what had been the relatively safe centre of Damascus.

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Our Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet reports

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from the Syrian capital. You may find some of the images disturbing.

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A mother's grief fills the largest mortgage in Damascus. -- largest

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mortgage. Her son drove the school bus and he'd eyed on the spot when

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the mortar landed. -- morgue. I don't recognise him, she cries, his

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face is gone. He has no eyes. And in this morgue, four children including

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eight-year-old Vanessa. Her uncle has come for her body. TRANSLATION:

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She was a poor angel. She was in fourth grade. She loved school and

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cried when she could not go. Grief is not private here any more.

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Not with both sides accusing the other of taking the lives of the

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most innocent. Another uncle says his last goodbye. Stand up, stand

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up, my nephew, this is for you, Syria. They bring out the white

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coffin is one by one. And estimates her last trip to her Armenian

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church. -- Vanessa makes her last trip. This is one of many faiths who

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gather in the old city to celebrate her life. This boy mourns his

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friend, supported by his mother who is devastated like so many here

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What did they do to deserve this? Dirty people. Please tell America.

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Please tell Britain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, they are bad people. A

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community comes together again to mourn but as grief continues, so

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does anger on both sides of this conflict. Both sides blame one

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another. As this war drags on, it becomes more difficult to bring

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Syrians together again. Vanessa s coffin lies next to that of this

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six-year-old child. There is some comfort in these rituals but in the

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city, nowhere feels safe. Deaths of the innocent there in

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Syria. Two of Europe's best-known far right politicians have been

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meeting in Holland to discuss forging ties. Geert Wilders, who

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leads the Dutch Freedom Party, and Marine Le Pen, head of the French

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National Front, have launched what they called a "historic alliance"

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for the elections. Mr Wilders said they had agreed on the need to

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repatriate from Brussels the power to control their countries' borders

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and economies. With me is Joshua Chaffin, the Deputy World News

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Editor with The Financial Times newspaper. Until very recently he

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was the paper's EU correspondent based in Brussels.

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I know you have been writing about this story. Tell us, far right,

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stronger united, do you think? I think so. There is an immediate

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payoff to this kind of cooperation, if nothing else just in the

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publicity these two can generate bike appearing together. I think

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there is a more subtle effect which is that you have politicians in

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parties that have often been portrayed as on the lunatic fringe,

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to the extent that they appear together, it is a way to send a

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message to voters at home that actually there are like-minded folks

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across Europe and in fact they are very much part of the mainstream,

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Marine Le Pen has been reaching out to US Eurosceptic politicians, also

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Sweden, Austria, you name it. Her father was a and has been severely

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criticised for his anti-Semitic views. This will not go down well

:18:53.:18:57.

with voters, the fact that she is his air. Yes. That is the obstacle

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for her to overcome. There are already quite clear signs that some

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of the Eurosceptic groups don't want to mix with her. Nigel Farage told

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me a few months ago that he admired her efforts to detoxify the party

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but he simply thought the heritage of anti-Semitism was too much and

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that he would be keeping his distance. It is hard to know how

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well these parties will actually cohere and the history, the track

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record of other Nationalist parties trying to do so in Europe is not

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very good. There are lots of parties that are Eurosceptic or political

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groupings that are but they are not necessarily far right, they are not

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anti-immigrant and are xenophobic. Do you think they are going to

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influence the debate somehow in the campaigns and the run-up to those

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elections of the European Parliament in May next year? They already had a

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pretty profound impact. The immediate prize is cleared things a

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bigger block in the European Parliament. That depends on how well

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they do. More than that, the success they have, any of these parties in

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European elections, it reverberates nationally and domestically. If the

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mainstream parties see that success, and they are just the policies and

:20:26.:20:28.

take a tougher line against Europe, so we have seen that in the

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Netherlands, even as recently as today. They put out government

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statement is basically saying that they want to ensure that certain

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powers are not transferred to Brussels, they want to limit the

:20:45.:20:48.

power of the commission, all of these things are sort of stealing

:20:49.:20:52.

messages from the Eurosceptics and try to adopt them. How far are they

:20:53.:20:56.

exploiting people's concerns about economic hardship? Very much. These

:20:57.:21:03.

are mostly populist parties and I think a few are a populist party,

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the EU and the eurozone crisis is sort of the perfect storm, it is

:21:09.:21:15.

seen as a guest bed, elite project -- it is seen as a perfect storm.

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The root of the anger goes back further than the crisis. Do you

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think they will get 30% at the European Parliament? Eleanor that is

:21:29.:21:32.

what people are predicting. We will see. She is the most powerful black

:21:33.:21:40.

woman in the world. There the American broadcaster and actress

:21:41.:21:43.

Oprah Winfrey has accused Barack Obama's detractors of not just

:21:44.:21:47.

disrespecting him but also his office because of the colour of his

:21:48.:21:52.

skin. The media mogul is here in the UK to promote a new film, the

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butler, in which she plays the wife of a White House butler played by

:21:59.:22:01.

Forest Whitaker. She's been talking to our Arts Editor Will Gompertz.

:22:02.:22:11.

Are you political? No, sir. Forest Whitaker becomes the butler to seven

:22:12.:22:15.

presidents. His wife Gloria is played by Oprah Winfrey. Everything

:22:16.:22:27.

you have is because of the butler. The talk-show host told me she

:22:28.:22:30.

realised taking on a roll was a risk. My greatest hope was, I don't

:22:31.:22:35.

want to embarrass myself. I was already going through all of the

:22:36.:22:38.

criticism from the network and I could just hear, in my mind, people

:22:39.:22:44.

saying, she should have kept her day job. That was so long ago. So, I was

:22:45.:22:54.

worried about, to an extent, not being able to measure up to the

:22:55.:23:00.

moment. Oprah Winfrey has been a prominent supporter of Barack Obama.

:23:01.:23:03.

She thinks that both he and office of president has been treated with

:23:04.:23:07.

contempt because of the colour of his skin. There is a level of

:23:08.:23:11.

disrespect for the office that occurs. And that occurs in some

:23:12.:23:18.

cases and maybe even many cases because he is African American.

:23:19.:23:23.

There is no question about that It is the kind of thing that nobody

:23:24.:23:26.

ever says but everyone is thinking it. Film is set against the

:23:27.:23:31.

political backdrop of the American civil rights movement, from

:23:32.:23:35.

segregation to the rise of the Black Panther grip. Is it a story you

:23:36.:23:41.

think is important to be told today? I think that important does not even

:23:42.:23:49.

begin to define it. It is essential. It is essential that the world

:23:50.:23:56.

understands what the history and the legacy of slavery and the subsequent

:23:57.:24:04.

civil rights movement and the desire, well and really right to be

:24:05.:24:13.

free has meant to African American people.

:24:14.:24:19.

We saw a wonderful movie that reminded us of you. She has made

:24:20.:24:26.

Williams as a media mogul, but she said that acting brings her pleasure

:24:27.:24:29.

that she has not got from anything else.

:24:30.:24:37.

It is a work by one of the greatest painters of the twentieth century

:24:38.:24:40.

and his subject is another of the art world's greats. Well now a

:24:41.:24:43.

painting by the British-based artist Francis Bacon has become the most

:24:44.:24:47.

expensive work ever to be sold at auction. The painting, Three Studies

:24:48.:24:59.

of Lucian Freud, was bought for more than $142 million at Christie's in

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New York. The BBC's Richard Lister reports A reminder of our main news:

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its estimate was $14 million, but it ended up more than ten times that.

:25:31.:25:34.

It was hundred and 42 million dollars. The triptychs are

:25:35.:25:45.

incredibly rare. For us to see 142 million a something quite

:25:46.:25:48.

extraordinary. It may be many years before that figure is broken. Three

:25:49.:25:54.

Studies of Lucian Freud? was we brought together in the 1980s. Part

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of its value is this -- is that it is a study of one iconic artist by

:26:01.:26:06.

another. Francis Bacon is one of the most important British artists of

:26:07.:26:11.

the last century. He really took on Cubism and moved it into the future

:26:12.:26:19.

20th century. He should the face moving, the feet moving and the

:26:20.:26:23.

hands fidgeting. In each panel he sees that -- you can see that

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movement. There were more records set last night. It made more than

:26:30.:26:37.

any other auction in history, making over $700 million. The artist

:26:38.:26:39.

reckoned this was one of his favourite works and it now be some

:26:40.:26:43.

time before it's like a scene again. Well, that's all from the programme.

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Next the weather. But for now, from me, and the rest of the team,

:26:48.:26:49.

goodbye. After the cold start this morning,

:26:50.:27:01.

it didn't feel too

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