13/11/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. They struggle to help the victims of


Typhoon Haiyan. Trying to keep the calm - the army's drafted in as the


Philippine government admits it s been overwhelmed by the scale of the


typhoon. And we follow one woman's struggle to find out whether her


family has arrived. People have family members they have not heard


from. The only thing they can do is come out looking for them in these


remote areas. And because such a large area of the Philippines was


affected, getting aid out to all of those far-flung places is very slow.


Toronto's mayor admits buying illegal drugs but is still refusing


to step down as the leader of Canada's biggest city.


And Oprah Winfrey talks to the BBC about Barack Obama and claims he's


disrespected not because he's president but because he's black.


Three panels, one record-breaking price. Find out just how much this


Francis Bacon masterpiece fetched at auction.


Hello and welcome. The Philippine government has said it's confronting


its greatest logistical challenge ever and has admitted it is


overwhelmed. Aid supplies are beginning to reach some of those


affected, but it's not easy because Typhoon Haiyan affected a vast area,


cutting off roads, electricity supplies and communications. In some


places, there's been no sign of any help coming. Alastair Leithead has


been trying to reach isolated communities. He took a boat from a


remote part of Cebu to the western coast of Leyte Island, and met two


sisters heading off on a rescue mission.


Far out on the horizon, an island struck by the eye of the typhoon.


The lifeline is a passenger ferry. When the aid eventually comes, this


is how it will reach the people And it is how this woman hopes she will


find her family. She, her sister and her daughter are on a rescue mission


in the hope that their family made it through the storm. They brought a


car with food and water but don t know what to expect on the road


ahead. We come here to rescue my family because they don't have food


any more. I heard from the social networks, Facebook, there is no more


food in this city. That is why we are trying to find our family. I


don't know if they are alive or not. We don't have any connection. We


followed them on the road north It is now a familiar sight. House after


house destroyed. Trees ripped up and pushed aside. Electricity cables


down, hanging in the road. The same landscape for mile after mile. The


reason that communications have been so bad of course is because mobile


phone masts have come down. Roads have been blocked until quite


recently. If people have family members they have not heard from,


the only thing they can do is look for them in these remote areas and


because such a huge part of the Philippines was affected, getting


aid to all of these far-flung bases is proving slow. -- far flung


places. Afternoon turned to night. The road worsened as we got near to


the family home. They did not know what to expect, seeing all of the


damage. But then... A family reunited. Everyone is fine. Their


homes were destroyed, there is little food or sign of aid but they


survived. I am very happy that they are alive. The whole area is alive.


That is the most important thing to me and for my family and my


neighbourhood. One family's story among millions amid the trail of


chaos the storm left behind. There are growing signs that the


survivors of last Friday's typhoon disaster are becoming more desperate


- and troops have been deployed in greater numbers than ever before.


Rupert Wingfield-Hayes has sent this report.


At Tacloban Hospital, this 13-year-old girl has just been


brought in. Badly injured and deeply traumatised. For six days, she was


trapped in the ruins of her home. The bodies of her whole family lying


around her. The only thing she has been able to tell nurse 's is her


name. Rebecca. The doctor immediately set to work cleaning her


badly infected wins but he only has the most basic supplies. We have no


equipment. We don't have medicines. We lack medicine. We need your help.


Outside, others are not waiting for help. They are helping themselves.


At first glance, it is hard to tell what is going on here, until you


realise this is a petrol station. This is diesel in this type


underground and they have ingeniously started filling up the


bottles. What do you need this for? Your car or your motorcycle?


Motorcycle? And he ran out of fuel? OK. -- have you run out of fuel


This is well ordered listing. It is the only way for people to get fuel.


-- well ordered looting. These are strange days in Tacloban. At noon


the streets emptied and soldiers appeared. Yesterday's disaster zone


briefly took on the appearance of a war zone. Some people told me the


city was about to be attacked by Communist rebels. It is not clear


what is going on here. The Army have moved in to reassert control, now


they say they have a gunman pinned down. We never did find out, but the


Army does appear to be here in force now. Back at the hospital, it is


little consolation. They are short of everything. These people are


waiting for operations they cannot have that. This baby has a high


fever and diarrhoea. But even the drinking water she so obviously


needs has to be carefully rationed. In time, the cat's physical wounds


will heal. -- Rebecca's physical wounds. For many people here, there


will forever or be life before and after the typhoon. -- forevermore.


With me is Jerry Velasquez from the United Nations Office for Disaster


Risk Reduction. He's also from the Philippines. Thank you for joining


us. Let's look at the potential death toll. The official figure is


about 2200. Do you think it will be many more? The officials have said


it is around 10,000, the president has said it is 2500. We will have to


wait for the official figures. We have not managed to get to the


outlying areas. We will have to wait for the final figures. It is a


carrot of tragedy. You are an official at the United Nations


dealing with this kind of thing How does this disaster right in terms of


severity in your unit? For the Philippines, it is probably the


strongest typhoon that has struck the country. There has been a


category five typhoon that has struck in 2006... Compared to other


disasters, we think of the 2004 Zenani, where does this right? We


could rank it severely. But of course the number of deaths would be


very different. What do you think needs to be done? The Philippine


government said it is overrun. It is focusing on getting help to people.


Should that be the focus or do you have to think of the medium term


reconstruction, building as well? Definitely, in these kind of


disasters, saving lives is a priority. That has to happen. But at


the same time because we are already thinking of the medium term needs, I


think it is already necessary to think and prepare for the


medium-term needs including recovery and reconstruction. So you mean even


the temporary shelters that are provided for people, that has got to


be planned straightaway? Your unit, the disaster risk reduction unit at


the United Nations, a relatively new one that was set up after the


tsunami, is there a framework to can kind of say there is a universal one


size fits all approach to dealing with this kind of disaster? After


the 2000 forced an army, -- 200 tsunami, we set priorities for all


countries. That framework is coming to an end in 2015. Like the 200


tsunami, this typhoon is going to change the way we look at this


global framework. Do the most vulnerable, the poorest, suffer the


most? Of course. The poorest and most honourable feed into each


other. Most of the people affected are the poorest people. And also


those that suffer are the ones that simply because the houses are made


of wood. Because of their poverty. So there is directly a link between


the two. Jerry Velasquez, thank you very much for giving us your


perspective. Rob Ford is Toronto's mayor - and


he's just admitting buying illegal drugs. That's on top of earlier


admissions of smoking crack cocaine and getting, in his word, "hammered


on alcohol" too often. He's been speaking at a council debate on a


motion to ask him to take a leave of absence. That is when he made the


dramatic confession. Have you purchased illegal drugs in the last


two years? Yes, I have. Following this is our correspondent David


Willis, who's in Washington for us now. Rob Ford admitted that but he


still seems to be admitting the Nile. He does. This was Toronto City


Council debating this motion calling for Rob Ford either to step aside


for take a leave of absence from the position he has. He has consistently


refused to do that but there came this bombshell admission when asked


whether he had purchased illegal drugs over the course of the last


two years, it seemed to take Rob Ford and eternity to reply yes, I


have, and that is something new because he had previously admitted


taking crack cocaine but this is the first time he has actually admitted


to purchasing illegal and illicit substances. The Toronto City Council


does not have the authority to remove Mr Ford from office, this is


purely symbolic what is happening today, but it is probably going to,


that admission is going to add to the calls for him to resign, with


opinion polls showing more than 75% of Toronto's residents now want him


to go. David, remind us how he found himself in this predicament. There


was a video. There was. A video was leaked to the media, then the police


and last week they said they had obtained what appeared to be a copy


of the same video, this was allegedly a video tape of Rob Ford


taking crack cocaine. At the moment the Toronto police have said that


they are looking to interview Mr Ford but there are no plans at


present to charge him. And I said, the Toronto city cancelled the date


is purely symbolic, Mr Ford has to be convicted of a crime before he


can be forced out of office. -- as I said. David Willis on the continuing


trials of Mayor Rob Ford in Toronto. The death toll of innocent civilians


in the Syrian conflict is tragic. In one of the latest incidents, four


children and their bus driver were buried after two mortars struck the


Old City of Damascus. The shells hit a school and a school bus in a


mainly Christian area on Monday It confirms the growing frequency of


attacks in what had been the relatively safe centre of Damascus.


Our Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet reports


from the Syrian capital. You may find some of the images disturbing.


A mother's grief fills the largest mortgage in Damascus. -- largest


mortgage. Her son drove the school bus and he'd eyed on the spot when


the mortar landed. -- morgue. I don't recognise him, she cries, his


face is gone. He has no eyes. And in this morgue, four children including


eight-year-old Vanessa. Her uncle has come for her body. TRANSLATION:


She was a poor angel. She was in fourth grade. She loved school and


cried when she could not go. Grief is not private here any more.


Not with both sides accusing the other of taking the lives of the


most innocent. Another uncle says his last goodbye. Stand up, stand


up, my nephew, this is for you, Syria. They bring out the white


coffin is one by one. And estimates her last trip to her Armenian


church. -- Vanessa makes her last trip. This is one of many faiths who


gather in the old city to celebrate her life. This boy mourns his


friend, supported by his mother who is devastated like so many here


What did they do to deserve this? Dirty people. Please tell America.


Please tell Britain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, they are bad people. A


community comes together again to mourn but as grief continues, so


does anger on both sides of this conflict. Both sides blame one


another. As this war drags on, it becomes more difficult to bring


Syrians together again. Vanessa s coffin lies next to that of this


six-year-old child. There is some comfort in these rituals but in the


city, nowhere feels safe. Deaths of the innocent there in


Syria. Two of Europe's best-known far right politicians have been


meeting in Holland to discuss forging ties. Geert Wilders, who


leads the Dutch Freedom Party, and Marine Le Pen, head of the French


National Front, have launched what they called a "historic alliance"


for the elections. Mr Wilders said they had agreed on the need to


repatriate from Brussels the power to control their countries' borders


and economies. With me is Joshua Chaffin, the Deputy World News


Editor with The Financial Times newspaper. Until very recently he


was the paper's EU correspondent based in Brussels.


I know you have been writing about this story. Tell us, far right,


stronger united, do you think? I think so. There is an immediate


payoff to this kind of cooperation, if nothing else just in the


publicity these two can generate bike appearing together. I think


there is a more subtle effect which is that you have politicians in


parties that have often been portrayed as on the lunatic fringe,


to the extent that they appear together, it is a way to send a


message to voters at home that actually there are like-minded folks


across Europe and in fact they are very much part of the mainstream,


Marine Le Pen has been reaching out to US Eurosceptic politicians, also


Sweden, Austria, you name it. Her father was a and has been severely


criticised for his anti-Semitic views. This will not go down well


with voters, the fact that she is his air. Yes. That is the obstacle


for her to overcome. There are already quite clear signs that some


of the Eurosceptic groups don't want to mix with her. Nigel Farage told


me a few months ago that he admired her efforts to detoxify the party


but he simply thought the heritage of anti-Semitism was too much and


that he would be keeping his distance. It is hard to know how


well these parties will actually cohere and the history, the track


record of other Nationalist parties trying to do so in Europe is not


very good. There are lots of parties that are Eurosceptic or political


groupings that are but they are not necessarily far right, they are not


anti-immigrant and are xenophobic. Do you think they are going to


influence the debate somehow in the campaigns and the run-up to those


elections of the European Parliament in May next year? They already had a


pretty profound impact. The immediate prize is cleared things a


bigger block in the European Parliament. That depends on how well


they do. More than that, the success they have, any of these parties in


European elections, it reverberates nationally and domestically. If the


mainstream parties see that success, and they are just the policies and


take a tougher line against Europe, so we have seen that in the


Netherlands, even as recently as today. They put out government


statement is basically saying that they want to ensure that certain


powers are not transferred to Brussels, they want to limit the


power of the commission, all of these things are sort of stealing


messages from the Eurosceptics and try to adopt them. How far are they


exploiting people's concerns about economic hardship? Very much. These


are mostly populist parties and I think a few are a populist party,


the EU and the eurozone crisis is sort of the perfect storm, it is


seen as a guest bed, elite project -- it is seen as a perfect storm.


The root of the anger goes back further than the crisis. Do you


think they will get 30% at the European Parliament? Eleanor that is


what people are predicting. We will see. She is the most powerful black


woman in the world. There the American broadcaster and actress


Oprah Winfrey has accused Barack Obama's detractors of not just


disrespecting him but also his office because of the colour of his


skin. The media mogul is here in the UK to promote a new film, the


butler, in which she plays the wife of a White House butler played by


Forest Whitaker. She's been talking to our Arts Editor Will Gompertz.


Are you political? No, sir. Forest Whitaker becomes the butler to seven


presidents. His wife Gloria is played by Oprah Winfrey. Everything


you have is because of the butler. The talk-show host told me she


realised taking on a roll was a risk. My greatest hope was, I don't


want to embarrass myself. I was already going through all of the


criticism from the network and I could just hear, in my mind, people


saying, she should have kept her day job. That was so long ago. So, I was


worried about, to an extent, not being able to measure up to the


moment. Oprah Winfrey has been a prominent supporter of Barack Obama.


She thinks that both he and office of president has been treated with


contempt because of the colour of his skin. There is a level of


disrespect for the office that occurs. And that occurs in some


cases and maybe even many cases because he is African American.


There is no question about that It is the kind of thing that nobody


ever says but everyone is thinking it. Film is set against the


political backdrop of the American civil rights movement, from


segregation to the rise of the Black Panther grip. Is it a story you


think is important to be told today? I think that important does not even


begin to define it. It is essential. It is essential that the world


understands what the history and the legacy of slavery and the subsequent


civil rights movement and the desire, well and really right to be


free has meant to African American people.


We saw a wonderful movie that reminded us of you. She has made


Williams as a media mogul, but she said that acting brings her pleasure


that she has not got from anything else.


It is a work by one of the greatest painters of the twentieth century


and his subject is another of the art world's greats. Well now a


painting by the British-based artist Francis Bacon has become the most


expensive work ever to be sold at auction. The painting, Three Studies


of Lucian Freud, was bought for more than $142 million at Christie's in


New York. The BBC's Richard Lister reports A reminder of our main news:


its estimate was $14 million, but it ended up more than ten times that.


It was hundred and 42 million dollars. The triptychs are


incredibly rare. For us to see 142 million a something quite


extraordinary. It may be many years before that figure is broken. Three


Studies of Lucian Freud? was we brought together in the 1980s. Part


of its value is this -- is that it is a study of one iconic artist by


another. Francis Bacon is one of the most important British artists of


the last century. He really took on Cubism and moved it into the future


20th century. He should the face moving, the feet moving and the


hands fidgeting. In each panel he sees that -- you can see that


movement. There were more records set last night. It made more than


any other auction in history, making over $700 million. The artist


reckoned this was one of his favourite works and it now be some


time before it's like a scene again. Well, that's all from the programme.


Next the weather. But for now, from me, and the rest of the team,


goodbye. After the cold start this morning,


it didn't feel too


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