14/11/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. Almost a week after Typhoon Haiyan


swept through the central Philippines, major aid supplies are


now getting through. The US military arrives in force, helping more aid


deliveries across the devastated region, especially in remote areas.


As the grim and monumental task of cleaning up continues, we look at


the health hazards for survivors of the disaster.


Also coming up: We report from the Commonwealth Summit in Colombo,


where the Sri Lankan Government warns critics its human rights


record is not up for discussion He wants to complain about human


rights in Sri Lanka. We have a system. You must respect this


system. A German company is ordered to pay


compensation to 1700 women fitted with defective breast implants.


And India's biggest sporting legend plays his last international match


after more than two decades at the top of the game.


Hello and welcome. The massive international relief


effort in the Philippines is gaining a bit of traction today, although it


is almost a week since Typhoon Haiyan tore through the country But


the UN humanitarian chief Valerie Amos has admitted that the UN could


have done more to help the people of the Philippines. Well, now a US


aircraft carrier has arrived off the island of Leyte, bringing with it


several heavy-lift helicopters. That will triple the number of helicopter


flights delivering aid. The Philippines Government has been


criticised over its slow response to the devastation. The local media has


accused President Aquino of not being up to the job. But the


situation is improving. The US aircraft carrier USS George


Washington and its escort of two cruisers have arrived off the


Philippines coast. It will help to distribute supplies to inaccessible


areas. Britain has sent nearly ,000 shelter kits to Cebu and more are


expected in the coming days. Rice and canned goods have been


distributed to 50,000 people in Tacloban. About ten tonnes of High


Energy Biscuits - enough to feed 30,000 people for a day - have also


been delivered to Tacloban. Our first report this evening is from


Rupert Wingfield Hayes, who has spent the day in Tacloban.


It has taken nearly a week. But today, the might of the US Marine


Corps finally arrived in Tacloban in force. And not just the Americans,


but from France and Germany -- Eldon, Malaysia and as Chile. -


Australia. But the Americans have taken control you. Not a lot was


happening. It was like everyone was recovering from the shock of it It


seems like the Philippine military and police are getting organised and


getting on with organising civilians to get them out of here. On the


streets be on the airport, there has been a dramatic change as well.


After week of lying in the open the dead and now being counted, bagged


and removed for burial. In this one district alone this morning, police


registered more than 100 dead bodies. It is a grim task, even for


those trained to deal with death. I know you are a policeman, but is it


shocking? Yes, yes, yes. It is shocking for us. It is a disaster.


We have something to do, sir. I understand. One of the most


important thing to work out the true death toll. This afternoon, we


returned to a devastated neighbourhoods down by the sea. Even


here, some progress is being made. None of this might look like much of


an improvement, but believe me, it is. I came down here on Monday and


this road was totally impassable. It was piled high with Debbie and


falling trees. We had to clamber over to getting here. Today at house


-- it has been cleared. This building behind me was used as a


model and was piled with their bodies. Those have also gone. But it


is not only the dead who have gone. Every day, more and more of the


living and leaving as well. The house where I met a man and his


three boys on Monday is now empty. His wife's freshly covered grave is


in the garden behind. I ask a neighbour if he knows where they


have gone. Manila with his boys Yes. A ghost town now. However much


international help now it is, for some here, it will be impossible to


overcome the agony and worse of the last few days. -- agony and loss.


Much of the focus so far has been on the city of Tacloban as we saw in


that report. The island of Leyte is one of the


worst hit in the Philippines. But our correspondent Alastiar Leithead


has travelled from the northwest of the island to its east coast to find


out how more remote areas are coping. He's sent this report.


Under clear skies, it is hard to imagine the terror but blew into


this beautiful island. The scars in this area update. It is an


agricultural economy and broken coconut palms are lost income for


mail and years to come. Likelihoods and homes have been crushed. Rice


paddies and banana plantations have been flattened and food stocks which


survived the storm are now running low. We drove from west to east


People were starting to cope with the new normal - shortage and


uncertainty. There waiting for a bus to take them anywhere there is a


mobile phone signal and to get food. We do not receive any donations


Other areas do not have that. Down in the island's interior, the extent


of the disaster unfolded in front of us. After striking the city of


Tacloban, it powered West Dennis agricultural valley, destroying


everything in its path. Imagine the strength it takes to bring down the


street. There is fear here in Alangalang that some prisoners have


escaped and people are getting desperate for food. This man is


taking his daughters to Manila for safety. No food, no communication or


anything. For the safety of myself and children, we're going to Manila.


Are you worried? We are scared for our safety gear. Very desperate


When a person is desperate to have food, they do whatever they can to


have food. It is even more miserable when the rain comes and seeps


through the thrown together shelters. The bulk of the aid effort


has focused on the areas worst affected, and you can understand


why. This is an area right on the coast that took the full force of


the type -- typhoon. But up the road, there are people who are not


as badly off as this but are running short of basic supplies. Unless the


aid network widens quickly, this country faces an even greater


catastrophe. We hope to be getting a response on


the humanitarian relief effort in little later in this programme. Now,


time for the other news. Suicide bombers are targeting Pilgrims in


Iraq and have killed more than 0 people and wounded dozens more. The


attacks coincide with the most important event in the Shia


calendar. It commemorates the death of the Prophet Mohammed's death in


battle. There has also been a rally in Lebanon with crowds in Beirut to


hear an address from the leader of Hezbollah. He has pledged to keep


forces in Syria, fighting alongside President Assad's trips. -- troops.


The former German president has gone on trial for the option charges


Mister Wolfe, a former ally of Angela Merkel, resigned from the


presidency last year after West than two years in the post. He is accused


of accepting payments from a film producer in return for favours. He


denies the allegations. The Sri Lankan President Mahinda


Rajapaksa has defended his government's human rights record on


the eve of the Commonwealth Summit in Colombo. He said his Government


"had nothing to hide". Sri Lanka has been criticised for its refusal to


allow an independent inquiry into its treatment of Tamils at the end


of the country's civil war in 2 09. In a moment we will hear why the


Labour opposition here believes the prime-minister David Cameron


should've boycotted the summit, first our correspondent Charles


Haviland sent this report from Colombo.


Mister Cameron says it is only by attending the summit and making this


writing president that he can raise difficult human rights issues. He


will make one new departure. He will be the first leader to visit the


Tamil moth of the island since independence in 1948. The Government


war against the Tamil Tigers, a ruthless separatist group, lasted


three decades and caused over 100,000 deaths. After an all-out


army offensive, they were crushed four years ago. Both sides were


accused of atrocities but with most Tiger leaders dead, it is the


Government that gets the brunt of accusations. Mister Cameron has just


been in India. Speaking to journalists, here is -- repeated his


message of toughness for the shoreline. There must be proper


enquiries for what happened at the end of the war. I think we will get


further by going and having conversations with the Sri Lankan's


about what needs to happen and shining a light about the problems


that are there. The shoreline can Government is on the defensive.


Speaking this morning, the president said they had been suffering for 30


years, not just at the end of the war. If anyone wants to complain


about human rights violations, whether it is torture or rape, we


have a system. You must respect the system of the country. Meanwhile,


the Prince of Wales, representing the Queen, flew in with the Duchess


of Cornwall. They will attend a reception for his 65th birthday


before he opens the summit tomorrow. Kerry McCarthy is a Labour Member of


Parliament in the UK and a front bench spokesperson on Foreign


Affairs. She joins me from Bristol in the West of England. Your boss


Douglas Alexander says David Cameron should have boycotted that summit.


Why did he say that? The prime minister of Canada and the Indian


prime minister have decided to boycotted the cause Sri Lanka have


simply not made progress on human rights that they promised they would


do after the end of the war. The Canadian prime minister has said


since August 2011 that if there was not progress made, he would boycott.


We watched David Cameron to do the same, the fact that an event was


about to happen in Colombo, he could have used it as a way to put


pressure on show anchor and the Government. He has barely mentioned


the issue of human rights until he has arrived in the lank and has been


put under public pressure to do so and it is too little and too late.


-- arrived in the lank. The decision to post that ensure lank was taken


by the Commonwealth when Labour was in power in 2009. They were due to


host it in 2011 and Gordon Brown made the case that it wasn't right


to hold it then. It was put off until 2013. It was taken under the


auspices of a Labour Government It's because the Sulangan Government


made allsorts of promises about addressing the human rights


situation. They had been through a very difficult and prolonged


conflict. They said they would address these issues and it would be


justice for the people that suffered. But we have actually seen


is continued human rights abuses. Now that the summit has started we


are seeing journalists are not allowed to report freely and


fairly. You hear reports of white vans coming along and people


disappearing from their homes because they have yet to criticise


the regime. We do not know the president is prepared to meet David


Cameron. David Cameron says he will raise human rights issues with him,


but we do not you will get the opportunity. William Hague is going


around the country urging reconciliation amongst the shoreline


can -- the Sri Lankans. A lot of people accept it is an issue of


human rights in Sri Lanka, but how do you deal with it? This summit is


not about human rights. There is business people attending and


business people from the UK, a lot of other countries have stayed away.


Only three countries of the 53 stayed away. The point I am making


is... Three of the 53 countries did not turn up. Constructive engagement


is the point I am making. If there are criticisms, is that not a better


way to achieve your objectives rather than lecture at the Sri


Lankans? Engagement should have been taking place all year. I have been


taking place in debates in Parliament called by people who have


been critical of the Sri Lankan regime and urging ministers to raise


these issues. They have left it until the last moment gods of the


public outcry. There was a Channel 4 documentary the public responded to.


It is only because of that David Cameron is putting human rights on


the agenda at fault. We don't know whether David Cameron will get to


meet the president to talk about it. He says he will raise it. We have


got to leave it there. Thank you for joining us live from Bristol. Let's


go back to our top story, the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan. We are


joined by the president of the charity Medicins Sans Frontiere You


have sent out teams to those in the centre of the storm's path. What


kind of assessment are you getting from your teams? We have been there


since last Saturday. It is a very chaotic, difficult situation, as we


have all heard on the news. Our teams are having difficulties


getting out. We saw that the transportation will be the main


issue so we have rented boats and helicopters, small aeroplanes and we


are assessing the different areas. Some are around Lete Island. We are


afraid for some of the smaller islands. What we have found in some


areas, it is not tackled and, the big town, but in the smaller


villages, disaster situation, almost everything destroyed, public


hospital is down, a private hospital is trying to cope, so we have done


consultation today. We are setting up a makeshift hospitals. And we


will do mobile clinics by boat. Tell us about the health hazards that


exist. Tetanus, for example, there must be a risk of that. We have


rotting carcasses of dead animals, spell that out for us. We are almost


one week after the disaster. People did not have access to health care,


so those who survived, a lot of them will be winded because it was a


destructive storm. People have had injuries on their heads. We will see


a lot of injuries and fractures that after one week with no sanitation


and clean water, will be infected. Infected injuries will already be


had. We will have to treat those injuries. These are things that will


come up in the coming weeks. And then tetanus, as you say, will be


one of the risks. We know the vaccination coverage was not very


high in the region so we will have to vaccinate to protect people


against tetanus. Often people think they are a health risk, they are not


a risk for spreading epidemic per se, if there was no Colorado four,


they will not spread it. -- cholera. The problem industry is


psychological. People will become fronted by dead bodies. It will


start to smell and overall hygiene situation, including no access to


clean water, that will be a risk. When people see these full-size


obviously the Philippines is accustomed to typhoons but you must


be worried about post, take stress disorder for some of those


survivors? -- post-traumatic stress. The Philippines people are used to


typhoons. They have had previous storms but this one has been so


disastrous. Our Philippine colleagues say that people are


strong but now they are one way now we see people in the streets and


areas where the storm hit and they are desperate. They have lost their


houses but not only that, they have lost almost all of the families The


people are devastated. So we will send psychological support. We know


from other disasters like this, those who survived the storm will


survive overall and they will have to cope with the situation. Food,


clean water, medical care is extremely important, but we should


not underestimate, because people have to build up and they need


psychological support. Thank you very much indeed and we wish you and


your teams of the best in your efforts to help the people in the


Philippines. Thank you. A French court has ruled that a


German safety standards company who gave the all clear to defective PIP


breast implants should be held liable. More than 400,000 women


worldwide were fitted with the implants. But they contained


substandard, industrial-grade silicone gel, and 4,000 of them


reportedly ruptured. The 1,700 plaintiffs will be paid $4000


immediately. They could end up receiving up to ?53,000 each. Our


Paris correspondent Christian Fraser has more details.


This is a civil case that is running alongside a criminal case. The


criminal case in Marseille focuses on the former owner of the company,


John Paul mascot and for executives who are on trial for aggravated


fraud. Separately that was this civil case which featured the German


company that audited what went on at PIP. -- Jean Claude Mas.. They were


the company they gave the European safety standards certificate to PIP


and they checked on the distribution and training. Ever thing that went


on at the factory, it was the plaintiff us case that if they had


been there for 17 years, even most cursory check on what was going on


there would have alerted them to various problems. There was a man


working in quality control who had a diploma for cooking. There was a man


who was in the laboratory was a pastry chef. These were not together


people who had should have been in of medical products. -- these were


not the kind of people. The court has agreed with the 1700 women who


brought the case. Clearly there are massive implications for not only


the company involved here, but also for the European industry which


checks on medical products because if they have got it wrong, surely


there will be questions about whether other companies are getting


it wrong. I talked to the lawyers for the plaintiff, it is a 150 page


report, they said it grants these women $4000 upfront for any surgery


they would want to have the PIP implant removed now but an expert


panel will look at the compensation as a whole and they will get


anything up to $53,000. There are 400,000 women worldwide who are


looking at this and have just had a quick scan of the Twitter, lots of


women are tweeting who are now going to join what was a test case. There


will be many more compensation claims and that of course has


serious implications for TUV Rheinland because they could face a


compensation claim for over 1 billion euros.


President Obama has announced changes to his flagship health care


programme and admitted its roll out was fumbled. Only 106,000 people


have enrolled in the new scheme - and barely 27,000 of those did so


using a federal website which was beset with technical problems. The


White House had predicted that nearly half a million people would


have signed up by now. Speaking earlier, Mr Obama acknowledged that


the scheme's roll-out had been 'rough' - but said he was going to


make the policy work. I am not going to walk away from 40


million people who have the chance to get health insurance for the


first time and I will not walk away from something that has helped cost


of health care grow at its slowest rate in 50 years. So we are at the


opening weeks of the project to build a better health care system


for everybody. A system that will offer real financial security and


peace of mind to millions of Americans. It is a complex process,


there are all kinds of challenges, I am sure there will be additional


challenges that come up. It is important that we are honest and


that we address problems in the laws. We have got to move forward on


this. It took 100 years for us to even get to the point where we could


start talking about and implementing, so I want to make sure


people have health insurance. My pledge to the American people is


that we are going to solve the problems that are there, we are


going to get it right and it is going to work for the American


people. President Obama. The Indian cricketer Sachin


Tendulkar is a legend in his own country and admired by cricket fans


all over the world. Many reckon he is the greatest batsman of all time.


Well, he has begun his 200th and last ever test match. Tendulkar is


the only player ever to score 1 0 centuries in international cricket.


At the end of play today against the West Indies, he'd racked up almost


16000 runs in test-cricket in a record-breaking career. The BBC s


Sanjoy Majumder has been soaking up the atmosphere at the match in


Mumbai. It is the end of the day and you can


see the crowds streaming out from outside of the stadium after


watching the hero play, Sachin Tendulkar is still batting, he gets


to come out to back tomorrow and all of them are going to be back and we


have found some people here to watch the game. You are wearing the India


teacher. A Sachin Tendulkar play? Yes. What was he like? -- did you


watch Sachin Tendulkar play I grew up in a country that worships


cricket. I was not going to take a chance missing Sachin Tendulkar


Will you be back tomorrow? Absolutely. Will Sachin Tendulkar


get 100? Yes. OK. The next generation clearly won't Sachin


Tendulkar to get 100 and I can tell you there will be millions of people


are and India rooting for Sachin Tendulkar, he has been India's


greatest sports star. He has been one of cricket's biggest stars. He


is about to call an end to a glittering career. Everyone here


wants to savour that moment. One of the world's rarest diamonds


has fetched a record price at auction in Geneva. The pink star was


sold for $83 million, no one has ever paid in such a high price for a


diamond before. The successful buyer has chosen to remain anonymous. The


sale came one day after the sale of the largest orange diamond ever sold


at auction for $30 million. Good evening. Friday will start with


perhaps the widest spread frost we have seen so far this season. Not


particularly hard, but you will be scraping the cars. At least


underneath those clear skies the temperatures will have fallen away


overnight and marked a dry start to Friday.


We have to thank an area of high pressure. There will not be clear


skies in Scotland. We are off and running in the afternoon, a lot of


fine weather to


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