28/11/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. A new wave of discontent in Egypt,


as a group of young women are imprisoned for 11 years, for


protesting in support of Mohamed Morsi.


Muslim Brotherhood supporters take to the streets to denounce the


verdict. One demonstrator is killed in clashes with security forces.


Lots to chew over at dinner for EU leaders at a summit that should have


seen a new trade deal signed with Ukraine.


Also coming up. The case of the celebrity chef, her millionaire


former husband, and allegations their staff defrauded them of


hundreds of thousands. And are we in for a spectacle from


space? A Comet is due to come close to the sun, as we go on air.


Hello and welcome. Muslim Brotherhood supporters have been


taking to the streets again, in Egypt, this time they are angry at


the heavy Spences imposed on 21 female supporters of the ousted


President Mohamed Morsi. They received prison sentences of 11


year, among the group are seven teenagers under the age of 18. They


are being sent to a juvenile prisonful they were arrested for


taking part in an early morning demonstration last month.


-- prison. Back on the streets of Cairo,


supporters of Egypt's ousted President more Morsi and security


forces armed with teargas and water cannon. The protest come in defiance


of a new law restricking demonstrations.


And this was the cat list for the latest burst of anger. 21 women


found guilty of charge, including sabotage, inciting violence and


holding demonstration, among them 15 and 16-year-olds who will stay in


detention until their 18th birthdays, the rest face jail terms


of 11 years, they Morsi supporters and took part in a demonstration


last month. One family said their daughter was passing by on her way


to school. -- they are. Outside the court room


other Morsi supporters vented their fury, chanting that the police were


thugs. Human rights are groups have criticised heavy prison sentences.


The court's decision came days after a new law came into force, requiring


demonstrators to give three days notice of any protest of more than


ten people. Some here say the arrest of the


women in Alexandria was meant as a deterrent.


This woman says she was dragged, beaten up and detained overnight by


police. With the women who were arrested, it


is a reputation of repetition of use. The laws restricting


demonstrations have been criticised by the US and the UN Human Rights


Commissioner. Egypt's been gripped by near daily protest since the coup


that ousted President Morsi in July. The interim Government says it is


not against peaceful action, the demonstrators say with permission or


not, they will continue making their voices heard.


Let us talk more about this, joining us live from Oxford is the Egyptian


journalist, who was herself beaten and sexually assaulted by riot


police two years ago in Egypt and briefly detained the the


pro-democracy protest. So regardless of where you stand in the political


argument, in Egypt, these sentences, particularly against the teenager,


some as young as 15, seem to be pretty harsh. Yes, these sentences


are outrageous, the Egyptian regime is making it very clear, that it


wants to terrorise us out of our right to protest. This is not what


the revolution is about. The head of the military intelligence when the


revolution began is head of the country, and if a general is


frightened by the sight of teenage girls carrying balloons, exercising


their right fro test, then it must make you wonder what kind of hold he


has over the country. We also, I want to stress that the sentences


are outrageous not just because they are against girls and women, but


because they are unjust. Our judiciary is not independent and it


follows a long and shameful tradition of handing out sentences


that please the regime. These sentences, of course, occur inside,


with the passing of this law, restricting the right for people in


Egypt to demonstrate, you have to get permission from the police to do


so. Absolutely. The day before these verdicts were handed out to these


young women, a group of activist, a group of revolutionary activists who


have nothing to do with the Muslim Brotherhood, so this isn't just


about the Muslim Brotherhood, and their rivalry, with the general, but


a group of activists were arrested and very violently beaten and


sexually assaulted and detail Tained this is the general's regime telling


all Egyptian, regardsless of what side you are on, you we are not


going to brook any kind of opposition s when our revolution


began, we made it very clear, that this was a revolution to end


military truth as well as dictatorship. I supported the


overthrow of Morsi but I do not support turning the general into our


next dictator. Do you believe that now the authorities have


demonstrated their resolve in look locking people up, even as young as


15, that these girls could perhaps be released on appeal, or they are


not likely to serve out their full sentence, are they? Well, you know,


clear will I what the regime is trying to do is terrorise and put


people off going out on protest, because just two weeks' ago, another


group of Muslim Brotherhood supporters, university students,


were given 17 years in jail. These are young men in their early 20, 17


years in jail! So they are trying to use it as a very heavy-handed


deterrent against protest. I would like to see all of these sentences


overturned. These young people have a right to protest. Anyone in Egypt


should have a right to peacefully protest. As they are making clear,


this is not Mubarak's Egypt. When it was the military Junta that took


over, or the general, they all seem to think they can walk into


Mubarak's shoes and lead an unchanged Egypt. Egypt has changed


forever and we will not allow a dictatorship. To end on this point,


the fact of the matter is nevertheless a very powerful eimage


merging from Egypt, young women playing a important role in this


phase of transition. That is a positive message This is absolutely


positive. Especially considered the Muslim Brotherhood during the


revolution when we were overthrowing Mubarak were telling women not to


protest. Now even Muslim Brotherhood girls and women are protesting shows


that Egyptian women have changed forever and we will not be


terrorised out of public space. Thank you very much indeed.


Now, international tension has been growing over a small stretch of the


east China sea. It includes territories claimed by Japan, China


and South Korea and was included by Beijing in a so-called air defence


zone. China insists all planes transiting


the area must submit a flight plan in adds vans. In the latest


development Japan and South Korea have flown aeroplanesly the the area


unannounced. -- aeroplanes. Two days after the


United States announced it had flown unarmed B 5 if bombers through the


zone, more defiance of Beijing. Japan and South Korea now say they


have flown military aircraft through the zone, Tokyo insists it is just




this airspace defence zone, we have continued our surveillance


activities as before in the east China sea, including in the zone.


The new Chinese zone covers these disputed islands in the east China


sea. And it dramatically overlaps an existing Japanese zone. That is part


of the reason why the Chinese move has raised the diplomatic


temperature over these tiny contested specks of land. But also


because there are multiple maritime disputes where China has appeared


assertive of late. Just now, sailing through the Taiwan


strait on the way to South China Sea perhaps the most tangible similar


billion of its ambition, its first aircraft carrier. This is a carrier


capability still in the making. This is a real carrier cape bill,


the US George Washington, seen on disaster leaf duty in the


Philippines, now on nan noofrs off southern Japan. The timing the


Americans insist is cones dental. We planned it a year ago, we are ex


compute executing it almost exactly as planned. We didn't tailor


anything to any conditions that may have changed in the last 12 months.


Amid all the manoeuvres, diplomatic and military, there are concerns


that the risks of mill calculation are growing.


Now a Russian court has granted bail to the last Greenpeace activist


detained at sea for protesting against Arctic oil drilling. The


other members were bailed after several weeks in jail. One has


described her experience behind bars sawing she was so alone she


communicated with other activists by tapping out messages on pipes.


Just a face among the crowd, in St Petersburg, Alex Harris enjoying the


relative freedom of bail, after two months in a Russian prison.


And this evening in an exclusive BBC interview she recalled her first


night in jail. One of the translators came and


opened the hatch and explained the prison rules, and, I asked, "I need


to speak to my mum, I really need to peek to her mum, I need to let her


know I will be OK. It will make me feel better." She was like "I am


sorry you, you have to put in an application: " I was like, "Hock,


how long will it take. Maybe a few week, a few months." I just started


crying and she shut the door and I felt so alone.


In her Arctic prison, she spent 23 hours a day alone in her cell. And


even during her one hour's exercise she didn't see daylight. They take


me up the stair, and, they take me to this concrete box, it is


disgusting. It is filthy, it is dark. It has a roof so I can't see


the sun. And I was like "Are they kidding?


This is my walk? " There was this radiator pipe that ran through the


prison, and so we got out a pen or a spoon and we tapped on it. One tap


was A and two B, three was C. Sometimes it would take ten minutes


to say something, and someone would go sorry, please repeat. You would


be "Oh, no." It is what kept us going. The pictures of Alex Harris


in the dock were reminiscent of the pussy riot case two years ago. Do


you think that should have been warning sign that activism if Russia


was getting more risky and imprisonment was a real risk? I


certainly knew it was definitely more risky to protest in Russia than


it was Australia or the UK, but, I never compared myself to the Pussy


Riot. They were protesting against the Russian regime. We were


protesting about oil. Alex Harris hopes the case against


her will be dropped. But for now, she still faces a charge of


hooliganism, and a possible seven year prison sentence.


Now, it is a cold night in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius, but


EU leaders are hoping still they can break the chin at dinner with the


Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych. He is attending the


dinner at the eastern partnership summit, despite turning his back


under pressure from Russia on an associate deal with the EU. Five


other former Soviet Republics are keen to sign but EU leaders are


hoping to get Ukraine to change its mind. Our Europe correspondent is


there at the summit in Vilnius. He joins us live. So, EU leaders hoping


that the President will say da to the deal? Yes, it is looking a bit


more doubtful to be honest. There have been those over the past couple


of day, who said, well, the deal is still on the table, it is still a


possibility, I suspect what we will get in the end is a commitment from


both sides to continue the process, a statement saying Ukraine in the EU


are committed, actually, to signing this association agreement. Ukraine


and the EU. It may be there is no deal signed here and was the


intention. If that is the case, I think it will be a disappointment


for the EU and a disappointment clearly for those thousands of


Ukrainians that we have seen demonstrating on the streets of eve


and other cities -- Kiev. There has been huge pressure on Ukraine from


Russia, there has been a different kind of pressure on Ukraine from the


EU. Warnings from EU leaders that Ukraine is in danger of passing up a


golden opportunity for economic improvement, and for democratic


progress, but that is the point we seem to be at, that perhaps European


appeals are going to fall short. And just outline for us, why Ukraine is


so important for EU leaders, like America who have said to them it is


not an either -- Angela Merkel, it is not an ideal situation, sign this


deal? One of the reasons Ukraine is important is it right on Europe's


borders and so particularly for EU member states in eastern Europe,


this is part of their shared neighbourhood. Here is a big, big


country, right in their neighbourhood, if it is seen to be


economically backward, unstable in any way, then that is clearly bad


news for them. If on the other hand it becomes a close trade partner,


that is good news for their economies as well as the Ukrainian


economy. It is part of the EU strategy of bolstering its


neighbourhood, and Ukraine is probably the most important piece of


that jigsaw. There may well be deals, in fact we expect there will


be deals, at least initials rather than signed with Georgia and with


Moldova but Ukraine was the big prize here, the one that the


European Union was keen to get onboard. So I think, if that doesn't


happen, it will be a disappointment and there will have to be some


reassessment of the way European diplomacy has gone about trying to


react -- attract Ukraine. Di not react quickly


The fraud trial of two women employed by celebrity chef Nigella


Lawson and her former husband Charles Saatchi has heard that they


charged luxury holidays and designer clothes to a household credit card.


The court heard that Mr Saatchi ended up funding credit card bills


of $150,000 in just one month. The two winning deny the charges.


-- women. Mr Saatchi arrived at court this


afternoon ready to give an evidence at a trial case about fraud but in


which details of his marriage to Nigella Lawson have emerged. They


seemed to have a charmed existence. She is a TV chef with a cookery


series. He is a co-founder of advertising agency Saatchi


Saatchi, who has become a successful art collector and director. But it


is claimed there was a culture of secrecy in their marriage. In the


sum of this year they divorced acrimoniously after these apparat


see photographs taken at a restaurant work published showing Mr


Saatchi's hands around Miss Lawson's neck. Their personal


assistants, Elisabetta Grillo and Francesco Grillo, claimed they had a


tacit agreement with Nigella Lawson that they could spend on the credit


card if they did not reveal her alleged use of class a and class B


drugs to her husband. But the prosecution alleges they went on a


four-year personal spending spree. They have admitted spending some of


the money but deny fraud. Mr Saatchi's accountant told the court


he did not immediately tell his boss and ex-wife he is suspicions about


the personal assistants' expenditure because...


Cross-examination of the accountant took so long, Mr Saatchi left court


without having made it onto the stand. He is due to return tomorrow.


Miss Lawson, whose TV cookery show starts a new series in America in


the New Year, is expected to give evidence at a later date.


Now let's bring you some of the day's of the news. The National


Crime Agency here in Britain says that two men suspected of


involvement in football match fixing have been charged with conspiracy to


defraud. They are believed to be members of an international betting


syndicate based in Singapore and part of a group of six people


arrested this week. France is applying additional troops


to the Central African Republic on that where a humanitarian crisis is


unfolding. Men and equipment are in flown in and armoured vehicles are


arriving by road from Cameroon. Scotland's First Minister has


rejected suggestions by the Spanish Prime Minister that Scotland would


have to apply to join the European Union from outside the organisation


if it voted for independence in next year's referendum. The Scottish


Government has said that EU membership would be


straightforward, but critics argue that Spain's position undermines


this claim. The authorities in Germany have unveiled more than 100


additional works from an art haul believed to have been looted by the


Nazis, discovered in Munich last year.


The latest batch includes drawings, watercolours and Prince by giants of


the art world, like Degas, Delacroix, Cezanne, Gauguin and


Picasso. Syria has been in a state of


conflict for two and a half years. The UN estimates 2500 people have


been killed. Aid organisation says that parts of the country are so


dangerous that people are being left without help. Despite the dangers, a


small group of British Muslims are taking aid convoys overland to


Syria. They are packing second-hand ambulances with aid and driving into


the fray. Our reporter travelled with one convoy for part of the


journey. Late night in Manchester. These


ambulances are packed with medical supplies and food collected by


volunteers. We have a laugh on the way because you know when you get


there your heart will be broken anyway. But they will know somebody


out there in the world is thinking about them. This is one of the


number of smaller charity missions going to Syria. It is independent of


the big aid agencies. There are five ambulances travelling more than 3000


miles through nine countries. It is day three of the journey and we are


in Switzerland. This is one of the pamphlets is on the convoy. It is


packed all down this site with medical supplies. You have needles,


doctors and boxes of painkillers. This is where four people are


sleeping so it is very cramped. The group are all British, of South


Asian heritage. They see it as a duty to help other Muslims like


those in Syria. After eight days of travelling, driving in shifts,


finally they reach the Syrian border. This is where they enter the


war zone. The convoy heads on without us. They are about to take


huge risks, and we could put them in further danger. First they had just


over the border. They are filming themselves on mobile phones. Four of


the group then pushed into Aleppo. The dangers are so severe here that


view aid agencies are operating. This final journey takes them to the


front line. Mustard rack we went out with one of the ambulance drivers


and he knows the whole area. Some parts were more than hairy. We ended


up very close to some of the front lines where there were snipers, and


that was a very surreal feeling. To actually be in the thick of it, it


was a little closer than I would have liked to have been. We are


going through sniper alley... The team go through sniper lined


streets. You are kind of going in in a slightly kamikaze fashion. Are you


really pushing it? If it is written that I will die then that is it. But


at the end of the day, if the world was giving what it is supposed to be


doing, I would not have to risk by life and do this. Everyone makes it


home safely. The convoy plans to return to Syria next month.


You may have heard all day today astronomers and also just ordinary


observers hoping that this could turn out to be the comet of the


century. They have been closely watching, Dyson, which in the past


hour or so has made it closest approach to the sun. -- Comet Ison.


The early signs are not looking very good. But this astronomer can tell


us much more. He is from University College London. What happened? Was


it as spectacular as it might have been washed up this afternoon was


very spectacular. The comet was coming in. At the last time when it


was really getting closer to the sun, we saw the comet fading and


then it went behind the courting disc of the camera, which masks the


sun. But then with a telescope with no disc, with special filters, you


could not see anything. Were you disappointed? Yes, actually. I do


not know whether something has survived or not will stop we will


have to wait a couple of hours to see the comet come out the other


side. But in this case, I think the comet was a very soft material and


vaporised. We heard it was something like throwing a snowball at the sun.


It did not have much of a chance. It depends how compact the snowball


is. It is a mixture of water and front substances like methane and


ammonia. And all this is frozen. It is covered in this dust. And then


the dust is not very rocky. It is fragmented. It will vaporise. You


have something in your hand to show me. This is a meteorite. It is not


exactly from a comet that it is similar. Some comets may have some


of this material. How old is this material? This is 4500 and 66


million years. -- 4500 and 66 million years. It is older than


planet Earth. , keep it? -- can I keep it? What does this type of


study tell us? This is the age of the solar system and comet like the


one we have just been talking about come from very far away. They come


really far away and the evaporation of this comet will us a lot about


the origin of the solar system. I am going to keep this! Thank you very


much. Goodbye. For many parts of the UK today, a


grey, misty end. Tomorrow a lot of the cloud will be blown away. There


will also be sharp shamus. The wind is picking up this evening and


overnight. Especially across shop --


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