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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.
The UN gives the go-ahead to more French and African troops with a
We speak and the EU's Humanitarian Affairs
Further reform in the Catholic church - A new committee is set up
Also coming up: A powerful storm hits north-western Europe.
Thousands are evacuated as a huge tidal surge threatens
doubling the number of troops in the Central African Republic to 1200 and
African union forces are being posted to 3500. This comes after the
UN Security Council backed their deployment earlier today. They have
been given a stronger mandate to use all forced necessary to protect
lives and an arms embargo has also been introduced. The trip's main
mission is to protect civilians in the face of the violence which has
been sweeping the Central African Republic. Today, 100 people have in
killed in the capital, the ayes have it, the ayes have it, according to
UN official. The latest chaos started when a Muslim rebel group
overthrew the president, Francois Bozize, earlier this year. Since
March, many civilians have been under attack and there has been
retaliation from Chris Chin fighters. 400,000 people are thought
to have fled their homes. That is about 10% of the population, but it
is not known how many have died. about 10% of the population, but it
is not known how many have died Our Africa correspondent says the
conflict is taking on a religious tone.
There has been heavy fighting for several hours this morning
and there was real concern for the civilians caught up in this witty.
This conflict has increasingly taken on a religious tone.
We seem to see Christian groups attacking rebel
This is happening as the French prepare for a huge new deployment
of forces into this country to try and create stability here.
Well, Andrew Harding has also been speaking to the
UN Special Representative to the Central African Republic,
who spelt out his fears about the actions of the former
She's the European Commissioner for International Cooperation,
Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response.
instruments, not even mattresses on the beds. That means enormous
suffering for people. Even in Bangui, it was not stable. We need
to recognise that the Central African Republic has been abandoned
by the world for decades. And the price people are paying is one of
neglect of their own government. But neglect of their own government But
also of the international community. On the humanitarian
side, we have never left the central African republic. But it is not good
enough to put plaster on the wounds of people. We have to engage. It is
crucial to restore security, crucial to protect the population. At we
also need to think of a longer term engagement to turn the fate of this
country around. Commissioner, tell us what you have been doing. I know
you have been sharing sessions. You have also been working close you
with the United Nations humanitarian affairs boss, Valerie Amos. What
exactly are you doing together at both the UN level and the EU? Our
aim is to bring more resources and to have a much more systematic
engagement in the fate of the Central African Republic. Since our
joint visit with Valerie Amos, we have seen a quadruplet of
humanitarian funding, and that allows crucial assistance to be made
available to the population that has nothing. If I were born in the
Central African Republic, my life expectancy would have been under 50
years. 20% of kids there do not live to be five years of age. So we have
a very dramatic situation even without the fighting, but the
fighting has made this much worse. For the first time in the history of
the country, Christians and Muslims are killing each other. That has
never been the case before. So our effort has been directed to mobilise
life-saving support, but more importantly, to bring attention to
the plight of the local people. Are you satisfied that you have managed
to get that international attention that you so desperately see the
country needs? We are finally seeing the United Nations Security Council
voting to restore stability, not a second too soon. I am grateful to
France for taking the lead on that. We have also seen more resources in
the country. But I want to stress again, when the cameras are off the
Central African Republic, we must stay for years.
With me in the studio is the French ambassador to the United Kingdom.
What is the focus going to be of these French troops, their numbers
now doubled in the Central African Republic? Firstly, we are
intervening at the request of the international community. A
resolution has been adopted unanimously in the Security Council.
So we now have a clear mandate for an African operation in Bangui in
the central African republic. The purpose is to restore peace and
order and protect the civilians. purpose is to restore peace and
order and protect the civilians The order and protect the civilians. The
commission has said we are in a tragic situation in the Central
African Republic, and our objective is to make sure we are going to
support the African forces. That is the mission of the French forces. So
you have in given the mandate under chapter seven of the United Nations
to use all forced necessary to protect civilians? We will be
abiding by the terms of the mandate, of course. We have a
mission of stabilising the country and protect things civilians --
protecting civilians. It is complete chaos, with killing everywhere. So
we hope these forces will bring back peace and stability in order to lead
to a political transition as well. So far, the French troops have been
concentrated around the airport and French interests. Are they going to
venture further afield? We will see. Obviously, securing the airport
is a key dimension, protect the foreign community as well, and
making sure we can secure the key roads. It is important to have these
objectives, and the mission will be organised. Some people have observed
that perhaps Bangui, the capital, can be secured, but it is the most
remote areas where God knows what is going on. That is the real worry,
that the troops will not go that far, because you need around 9000
troops. You are right, we have had killings all around the country. The
killings all around the country The Central African Republic is twice
the size of the UK, with only 4 5 million inhabitants. That is why a
key dimension will be to make sure the main roles are secure. But for
the rest of it, you are right. Killings and riot are taking place
all around the country. So the mission will be a very important
one. The forces have the support of the international community. All the
European countries are mobilised under this important mandate. We are
all together to make sure it will be a success. Your Foreign Minister has
said the country is on the verge of genocide. Is that the case? Well,
they said it was a risk of genocide. There have been killings
all around the country, and we need to make the violence stop.
To Yemen now, where a series of deadly attacks at
the defence ministry have left 9 people dead and many more injured.
A suicide car bomb blew up at the gates of the complex in Sanaa's Bab
al-Yaman district while people were heading to work.
The BBC's Shaimaa Khalil reports from Sanaa.
A suicide car bomb blew up at the gates of the complex in Sanaa's Bab
al-Yaman district while people were heading to work.
scene holds up a bit of shrapnel. Some remains, he says. The suicide
bombing comes at a critical time here. The government is currently in
talks with different political parties to draw a road map for
Yemen's future. This is a city in a state of high alert. Checkpoints,
armoured vehicles everywhere you go. Security is Yemen's biggest
challenge and the government wanted to send a message that at least it
was in control of the capital. But today's explosion showed that this
is far from the case. The reputation of the Roman Catholic
Church has been badly damaged by years of scandal of child sexual
abuse. The Pope has signalled that he wants to do something about this
and he has called on the article community to tackle sexual abuse of
children in the Catholic Church as well as offer help to victims.
Critics point out that the announcement comes just days after
the Vatican refused a request from the United Nations for information
on alleged use by priest 's, nuns or monks. The father has decided to
establish a commission for the protection of children so that the
commission will be able to advise the father about protection of
children and the Pastoral care for the victims of abuse.
They have proved in the past that they have wanted to keep control of
any type of any investigation. In 1994, 2001 and 2007 2009, 2010, they
have had papal letter reinforced... He does not seem to be able to let
go of control over the issue. What he should be doing is hand control
over to independent authorities such as the police, and civil authorities
in each country. He should be directing the priests and bishops
through the world to hand over allegations of abuse to civil
authorities, rather than the secrecy of the canon law system. If you look
at the allegations of sexual abuse, there has been a great deal of
emphasis placed on the judicial aspects of all this, and what it
means to the Catholic church. Now you need an emphasis on the Pastoral
and spiritual a lot more. Why should both issues not run side-by-side? We
do not know how many priests, how many ships have colluded to cover up
child abuse cases in the past. We have not had access to the
documentation which is kept by the Vatican, and was overseen for more
than 20 years by the previous Pope. David Greenwood, we have to leave it
there. all rail services have been shut
down in Scotland, and 64,000 homes in Scotland are without power
because of the disruptions by the storm. The storm is heading towards
the East and Northern Europe. Parts of the Netherlands are on red
alert. More than 80 for KLM flights have been cancelled from Amsterdam
airport. I mentioned a storm surge. What exactly is that? Well, for a
storm surge to occur you need several elements to come into play
at once. You need a deep area of low pressure, around that some strong
winds swirling and independent of them both you need some high tides
around the coast, and that is what has been occurring. On Thursday, a
deep area of low pressure passes to the north of the UK in the direction
of Northway. Low pressure systems are effectively zones of rising air.
The air is rising, producing rain clouds. If you think about it, if
the air is rising at any great rate you are lifting a little bit of
weight off the Earth's surface and the impact is greatest over open
water. It is around the centre of the low-pressure system where the
air is rising you get a bulge forming, where the sea level rises
higher than the sea around it. Low-pressure strong winds then push
that bulge in the direction of the coast, and in the North Sea that can
have a huge impact. Certainly on Thursday into Friday, strong winds
through the North Sea pushing the bulge further south. It meets the
land straightaway across Holland, but between East Anglia and the
Netherlands you get a narrowing of the North Sea, squeezing the water
into a tight space causing the levels of the sea to rise even more.
That is why, not only are we seeing high sea levels across much of the
eastern coast, it is towards East Anglia and the south-east, that
squeezing of the North Sea, where sea levels will have the greatest
impact and perhaps cause the greatest amount of flooding. Amount
of flooding. Matt Taylor explaining what we are
experiencing in northern Europe Two months ago, tragedy struck when a
boat of asylum seekers overturned near Italy. Now the European union
has got the proposals to stop another event from happening.
Matthew Price report from Sicily. To find the dead, you must first
drive into the heart of Sicilian territory. Emotional, yes. To the
cemetery at San Biagio Platani, where Alem Mariah, an Eritrean
living in Germany, has come to mourn at the grave of his brother.
Bimnet Araya, 37 years old, once a basketball player for the Eritrean
basketball squad. Why did he want to come to Europe?
They tried to go out from Eritrea to have a life in Europe or other
countries, but their life ended When their boat sank, 157 survived.
366 did not. So, Sicily's tombs are being used to store whole families.
Some have pictures placed here by relatives living in Europe who could
come. Most have simply a number. Their
families cannot get here to identify them. It's the anonymity in death
which is so sad here, and, along with those above ground, others have
been buried beneath it. These are their numbers. They are being washed
away as if they are already being forgotten. When the ship sank, the
Italian government promised it would do all it could to help the
relatives of the relative of the victims, yet weeks later there is
still very little progress being made on getting these people back
home for the proper burial they deserve. A massive DNA testing
programme is needed. Alem has the money to come here and do this, but
he says the whole process is painfully slow. The problem is, the
Italian government is not ready to help us. The situation is very, very
difficult, and they know that also, but I don't think they are ready to
help me quickly. The government would not comment. Alem believes
local officials are doing what they can, but for those whose relatives
died out in the Mediterranean, it's not enough.
The tragedy and the aftermath of the tragedy in Italy. Fans of Japanese
food note that there is more to Japanese food than sushi. You will
be delighted to know that Japan s cuisine has been awarded cultural
heritage status by UNESCO. The only other country recognised in that way
is France. In Japan, great care and attention is taken to preparing the
food. It is a process known as... Washoku. We are so excited. Did I
say it right? What does that mean? It means Japanese food. There is a
whole thing behind it. It is not. It takes a long time to train and also
to care about it, and all of us. takes a long time to train and also
to care about it, and all of us We are looking here at this beautiful
plate, this bowl of sushi that you brought us. The presentation is
remarkable. That is an important thing. It is very important. We
enjoy appearance, and we wanted to feel like summer how do you stay so
slim? It is satisfying. It is incredibly healthy food as well. It
takes a very long time to prepare. This bowl here of various bits of
sushi, how long will that take to make? It is simple to make, but you
need to soak it in the rice for a couple of hours. It comes down, with
a vinegar mixture. You make the sushi rice. Then on the other hand,
you have two prepare the sushi, fresh fish... The fish has to be
fresh. It is unique. It is not like anybody other food in Asia. It is
about art. We so care about where the food comes from, how to present.
It is all cultures. It takes quite a long time. What do you like to eat
other than Japanese food? Peter? long time. What do you like to eat
other than Japanese food? Peter X Mac I like all types of food X Mac
pizza and chips is my X Mac I don't believe that. Yuki Gomi, thank you.
That is it from world news today. From ask, it is more on -- it is
goodbye. Now the weather. After a day of ferocious gales
across Scotland, coastal communities around East Anglia are experiencing
a threat of serious flooding. It will be making its journey to the
south here, across parts of the north coast of East Anglia, down