05/12/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.


The UN gives the go-ahead to more French and African troops with a


We speak and the EU's Humanitarian Affairs


Further reform in the Catholic church - A new committee is set up


Also coming up: A powerful storm hits north-western Europe.


Thousands are evacuated as a huge tidal surge threatens


doubling the number of troops in the Central African Republic to 1200 and


African union forces are being posted to 3500. This comes after the


UN Security Council backed their deployment earlier today. They have


been given a stronger mandate to use all forced necessary to protect


lives and an arms embargo has also been introduced. The trip's main


mission is to protect civilians in the face of the violence which has


been sweeping the Central African Republic. Today, 100 people have in


killed in the capital, the ayes have it, the ayes have it, according to


UN official. The latest chaos started when a Muslim rebel group


overthrew the president, Francois Bozize, earlier this year. Since


March, many civilians have been under attack and there has been


retaliation from Chris Chin fighters. 400,000 people are thought


to have fled their homes. That is about 10% of the population, but it


is not known how many have died. about 10% of the population, but it


is not known how many have died Our Africa correspondent says the


conflict is taking on a religious tone.


There has been heavy fighting for several hours this morning


and there was real concern for the civilians caught up in this witty.


This conflict has increasingly taken on a religious tone.


We seem to see Christian groups attacking rebel


This is happening as the French prepare for a huge new deployment


of forces into this country to try and create stability here.


Well, Andrew Harding has also been speaking to the


UN Special Representative to the Central African Republic,


who spelt out his fears about the actions of the former


She's the European Commissioner for International Cooperation,


Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response.


instruments, not even mattresses on the beds. That means enormous


suffering for people. Even in Bangui, it was not stable. We need


to recognise that the Central African Republic has been abandoned


by the world for decades. And the price people are paying is one of


neglect of their own government. But neglect of their own government But


also of the international community. On the humanitarian


side, we have never left the central African republic. But it is not good


enough to put plaster on the wounds of people. We have to engage. It is


crucial to restore security, crucial to protect the population. At we


also need to think of a longer term engagement to turn the fate of this


country around. Commissioner, tell us what you have been doing. I know


you have been sharing sessions. You have also been working close you


with the United Nations humanitarian affairs boss, Valerie Amos. What


exactly are you doing together at both the UN level and the EU? Our


aim is to bring more resources and to have a much more systematic


engagement in the fate of the Central African Republic. Since our


joint visit with Valerie Amos, we have seen a quadruplet of


humanitarian funding, and that allows crucial assistance to be made


available to the population that has nothing. If I were born in the


Central African Republic, my life expectancy would have been under 50


years. 20% of kids there do not live to be five years of age. So we have


a very dramatic situation even without the fighting, but the


fighting has made this much worse. For the first time in the history of


the country, Christians and Muslims are killing each other. That has


never been the case before. So our effort has been directed to mobilise


life-saving support, but more importantly, to bring attention to


the plight of the local people. Are you satisfied that you have managed


to get that international attention that you so desperately see the


country needs? We are finally seeing the United Nations Security Council


voting to restore stability, not a second too soon. I am grateful to


France for taking the lead on that. We have also seen more resources in


the country. But I want to stress again, when the cameras are off the


Central African Republic, we must stay for years.


With me in the studio is the French ambassador to the United Kingdom.


What is the focus going to be of these French troops, their numbers


now doubled in the Central African Republic? Firstly, we are


intervening at the request of the international community. A


resolution has been adopted unanimously in the Security Council.


So we now have a clear mandate for an African operation in Bangui in


the central African republic. The purpose is to restore peace and


order and protect the civilians. purpose is to restore peace and


order and protect the civilians The order and protect the civilians. The


commission has said we are in a tragic situation in the Central


African Republic, and our objective is to make sure we are going to


support the African forces. That is the mission of the French forces. So


you have in given the mandate under chapter seven of the United Nations


to use all forced necessary to protect civilians? We will be


abiding by the terms of the mandate, of course. We have a


mission of stabilising the country and protect things civilians --


protecting civilians. It is complete chaos, with killing everywhere. So


we hope these forces will bring back peace and stability in order to lead


to a political transition as well. So far, the French troops have been


concentrated around the airport and French interests. Are they going to


venture further afield? We will see. Obviously, securing the airport


is a key dimension, protect the foreign community as well, and


making sure we can secure the key roads. It is important to have these


objectives, and the mission will be organised. Some people have observed


that perhaps Bangui, the capital, can be secured, but it is the most


remote areas where God knows what is going on. That is the real worry,


that the troops will not go that far, because you need around 9000


troops. You are right, we have had killings all around the country. The


killings all around the country The Central African Republic is twice


the size of the UK, with only 4 5 million inhabitants. That is why a


key dimension will be to make sure the main roles are secure. But for


the rest of it, you are right. Killings and riot are taking place


all around the country. So the mission will be a very important


one. The forces have the support of the international community. All the


European countries are mobilised under this important mandate. We are


all together to make sure it will be a success. Your Foreign Minister has


said the country is on the verge of genocide. Is that the case? Well,


they said it was a risk of genocide. There have been killings


all around the country, and we need to make the violence stop.


To Yemen now, where a series of deadly attacks at


the defence ministry have left 9 people dead and many more injured.


A suicide car bomb blew up at the gates of the complex in Sanaa's Bab


al-Yaman district while people were heading to work.


The BBC's Shaimaa Khalil reports from Sanaa.


A suicide car bomb blew up at the gates of the complex in Sanaa's Bab


al-Yaman district while people were heading to work.


scene holds up a bit of shrapnel. Some remains, he says. The suicide


bombing comes at a critical time here. The government is currently in


talks with different political parties to draw a road map for


Yemen's future. This is a city in a state of high alert. Checkpoints,


armoured vehicles everywhere you go. Security is Yemen's biggest


challenge and the government wanted to send a message that at least it


was in control of the capital. But today's explosion showed that this


is far from the case. The reputation of the Roman Catholic


Church has been badly damaged by years of scandal of child sexual


abuse. The Pope has signalled that he wants to do something about this


and he has called on the article community to tackle sexual abuse of


children in the Catholic Church as well as offer help to victims.


Critics point out that the announcement comes just days after


the Vatican refused a request from the United Nations for information


on alleged use by priest 's, nuns or monks. The father has decided to


establish a commission for the protection of children so that the


commission will be able to advise the father about protection of


children and the Pastoral care for the victims of abuse.


They have proved in the past that they have wanted to keep control of


any type of any investigation. In 1994, 2001 and 2007 2009, 2010, they


have had papal letter reinforced... He does not seem to be able to let


go of control over the issue. What he should be doing is hand control


over to independent authorities such as the police, and civil authorities


in each country. He should be directing the priests and bishops


through the world to hand over allegations of abuse to civil


authorities, rather than the secrecy of the canon law system. If you look


at the allegations of sexual abuse, there has been a great deal of


emphasis placed on the judicial aspects of all this, and what it


means to the Catholic church. Now you need an emphasis on the Pastoral


and spiritual a lot more. Why should both issues not run side-by-side? We


do not know how many priests, how many ships have colluded to cover up


child abuse cases in the past. We have not had access to the


documentation which is kept by the Vatican, and was overseen for more


than 20 years by the previous Pope. David Greenwood, we have to leave it


there. all rail services have been shut


down in Scotland, and 64,000 homes in Scotland are without power


because of the disruptions by the storm. The storm is heading towards


the East and Northern Europe. Parts of the Netherlands are on red


alert. More than 80 for KLM flights have been cancelled from Amsterdam


airport. I mentioned a storm surge. What exactly is that? Well, for a


storm surge to occur you need several elements to come into play


at once. You need a deep area of low pressure, around that some strong


winds swirling and independent of them both you need some high tides


around the coast, and that is what has been occurring. On Thursday, a


deep area of low pressure passes to the north of the UK in the direction


of Northway. Low pressure systems are effectively zones of rising air.


The air is rising, producing rain clouds. If you think about it, if


the air is rising at any great rate you are lifting a little bit of


weight off the Earth's surface and the impact is greatest over open


water. It is around the centre of the low-pressure system where the


air is rising you get a bulge forming, where the sea level rises


higher than the sea around it. Low-pressure strong winds then push


that bulge in the direction of the coast, and in the North Sea that can


have a huge impact. Certainly on Thursday into Friday, strong winds


through the North Sea pushing the bulge further south. It meets the


land straightaway across Holland, but between East Anglia and the


Netherlands you get a narrowing of the North Sea, squeezing the water


into a tight space causing the levels of the sea to rise even more.


That is why, not only are we seeing high sea levels across much of the


eastern coast, it is towards East Anglia and the south-east, that


squeezing of the North Sea, where sea levels will have the greatest


impact and perhaps cause the greatest amount of flooding. Amount


of flooding. Matt Taylor explaining what we are


experiencing in northern Europe Two months ago, tragedy struck when a


boat of asylum seekers overturned near Italy. Now the European union


has got the proposals to stop another event from happening.


Matthew Price report from Sicily. To find the dead, you must first


drive into the heart of Sicilian territory. Emotional, yes. To the


cemetery at San Biagio Platani, where Alem Mariah, an Eritrean


living in Germany, has come to mourn at the grave of his brother.


Bimnet Araya, 37 years old, once a basketball player for the Eritrean


basketball squad. Why did he want to come to Europe?


They tried to go out from Eritrea to have a life in Europe or other


countries, but their life ended When their boat sank, 157 survived.


366 did not. So, Sicily's tombs are being used to store whole families.


Some have pictures placed here by relatives living in Europe who could


come. Most have simply a number. Their


families cannot get here to identify them. It's the anonymity in death


which is so sad here, and, along with those above ground, others have


been buried beneath it. These are their numbers. They are being washed


away as if they are already being forgotten. When the ship sank, the


Italian government promised it would do all it could to help the


relatives of the relative of the victims, yet weeks later there is


still very little progress being made on getting these people back


home for the proper burial they deserve. A massive DNA testing


programme is needed. Alem has the money to come here and do this, but


he says the whole process is painfully slow. The problem is, the


Italian government is not ready to help us. The situation is very, very


difficult, and they know that also, but I don't think they are ready to


help me quickly. The government would not comment. Alem believes


local officials are doing what they can, but for those whose relatives


died out in the Mediterranean, it's not enough.


The tragedy and the aftermath of the tragedy in Italy. Fans of Japanese


food note that there is more to Japanese food than sushi. You will


be delighted to know that Japan s cuisine has been awarded cultural


heritage status by UNESCO. The only other country recognised in that way


is France. In Japan, great care and attention is taken to preparing the


food. It is a process known as... Washoku. We are so excited. Did I


say it right? What does that mean? It means Japanese food. There is a


whole thing behind it. It is not. It takes a long time to train and also


to care about it, and all of us. takes a long time to train and also


to care about it, and all of us We are looking here at this beautiful


plate, this bowl of sushi that you brought us. The presentation is


remarkable. That is an important thing. It is very important. We


enjoy appearance, and we wanted to feel like summer how do you stay so


slim? It is satisfying. It is incredibly healthy food as well. It


takes a very long time to prepare. This bowl here of various bits of


sushi, how long will that take to make? It is simple to make, but you


need to soak it in the rice for a couple of hours. It comes down, with


a vinegar mixture. You make the sushi rice. Then on the other hand,


you have two prepare the sushi, fresh fish... The fish has to be


fresh. It is unique. It is not like anybody other food in Asia. It is


about art. We so care about where the food comes from, how to present.


It is all cultures. It takes quite a long time. What do you like to eat


other than Japanese food? Peter? long time. What do you like to eat


other than Japanese food? Peter X Mac I like all types of food X Mac


pizza and chips is my X Mac I don't believe that. Yuki Gomi, thank you.


That is it from world news today. From ask, it is more on -- it is


goodbye. Now the weather. After a day of ferocious gales


across Scotland, coastal communities around East Anglia are experiencing


a threat of serious flooding. It will be making its journey to the


south here, across parts of the north coast of East Anglia, down


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