05/12/2013 World News Today


05/12/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.

:00:08.:00:15.

The UN gives the go-ahead to more French and African troops with a

:00:16.:00:21.

We speak and the EU's Humanitarian Affairs

:00:22.:00:40.

Further reform in the Catholic church - A new committee is set up

:00:41.:00:43.

Also coming up: A powerful storm hits north-western Europe.

:00:44.:00:49.

Thousands are evacuated as a huge tidal surge threatens

:00:50.:01:31.

doubling the number of troops in the Central African Republic to 1200 and

:01:32.:01:34.

African union forces are being posted to 3500. This comes after the

:01:35.:01:38.

UN Security Council backed their deployment earlier today. They have

:01:39.:01:41.

been given a stronger mandate to use all forced necessary to protect

:01:42.:01:47.

lives and an arms embargo has also been introduced. The trip's main

:01:48.:01:52.

mission is to protect civilians in the face of the violence which has

:01:53.:01:57.

been sweeping the Central African Republic. Today, 100 people have in

:01:58.:02:01.

killed in the capital, the ayes have it, the ayes have it, according to

:02:02.:02:04.

UN official. The latest chaos started when a Muslim rebel group

:02:05.:02:09.

overthrew the president, Francois Bozize, earlier this year. Since

:02:10.:02:14.

March, many civilians have been under attack and there has been

:02:15.:02:19.

retaliation from Chris Chin fighters. 400,000 people are thought

:02:20.:02:25.

to have fled their homes. That is about 10% of the population, but it

:02:26.:02:27.

is not known how many have died. about 10% of the population, but it

:02:28.:02:32.

is not known how many have died Our Africa correspondent says the

:02:33.:02:36.

conflict is taking on a religious tone.

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There has been heavy fighting for several hours this morning

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and there was real concern for the civilians caught up in this witty.

:02:44.:02:46.

This conflict has increasingly taken on a religious tone.

:02:47.:02:48.

We seem to see Christian groups attacking rebel

:02:49.:02:50.

This is happening as the French prepare for a huge new deployment

:02:51.:03:00.

of forces into this country to try and create stability here.

:03:01.:03:12.

Well, Andrew Harding has also been speaking to the

:03:13.:03:14.

UN Special Representative to the Central African Republic,

:03:15.:03:16.

who spelt out his fears about the actions of the former

:03:17.:03:19.

She's the European Commissioner for International Cooperation,

:03:20.:04:00.

Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response.

:04:01.:04:03.

instruments, not even mattresses on the beds. That means enormous

:04:04.:04:50.

suffering for people. Even in Bangui, it was not stable. We need

:04:51.:05:00.

to recognise that the Central African Republic has been abandoned

:05:01.:05:04.

by the world for decades. And the price people are paying is one of

:05:05.:05:05.

neglect of their own government. But neglect of their own government But

:05:06.:05:12.

also of the international community. On the humanitarian

:05:13.:05:16.

side, we have never left the central African republic. But it is not good

:05:17.:05:22.

enough to put plaster on the wounds of people. We have to engage. It is

:05:23.:05:28.

crucial to restore security, crucial to protect the population. At we

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also need to think of a longer term engagement to turn the fate of this

:05:34.:05:37.

country around. Commissioner, tell us what you have been doing. I know

:05:38.:05:43.

you have been sharing sessions. You have also been working close you

:05:44.:05:47.

with the United Nations humanitarian affairs boss, Valerie Amos. What

:05:48.:05:53.

exactly are you doing together at both the UN level and the EU? Our

:05:54.:06:04.

aim is to bring more resources and to have a much more systematic

:06:05.:06:10.

engagement in the fate of the Central African Republic. Since our

:06:11.:06:13.

joint visit with Valerie Amos, we have seen a quadruplet of

:06:14.:06:20.

humanitarian funding, and that allows crucial assistance to be made

:06:21.:06:24.

available to the population that has nothing. If I were born in the

:06:25.:06:28.

Central African Republic, my life expectancy would have been under 50

:06:29.:06:36.

years. 20% of kids there do not live to be five years of age. So we have

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a very dramatic situation even without the fighting, but the

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fighting has made this much worse. For the first time in the history of

:06:50.:06:52.

the country, Christians and Muslims are killing each other. That has

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never been the case before. So our effort has been directed to mobilise

:06:59.:07:02.

life-saving support, but more importantly, to bring attention to

:07:03.:07:09.

the plight of the local people. Are you satisfied that you have managed

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to get that international attention that you so desperately see the

:07:14.:07:20.

country needs? We are finally seeing the United Nations Security Council

:07:21.:07:27.

voting to restore stability, not a second too soon. I am grateful to

:07:28.:07:34.

France for taking the lead on that. We have also seen more resources in

:07:35.:07:38.

the country. But I want to stress again, when the cameras are off the

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Central African Republic, we must stay for years.

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With me in the studio is the French ambassador to the United Kingdom.

:07:59.:08:02.

What is the focus going to be of these French troops, their numbers

:08:03.:08:05.

now doubled in the Central African Republic? Firstly, we are

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intervening at the request of the international community. A

:08:11.:08:16.

resolution has been adopted unanimously in the Security Council.

:08:17.:08:21.

So we now have a clear mandate for an African operation in Bangui in

:08:22.:08:29.

the central African republic. The purpose is to restore peace and

:08:30.:08:30.

order and protect the civilians. purpose is to restore peace and

:08:31.:08:33.

order and protect the civilians The order and protect the civilians. The

:08:34.:08:35.

commission has said we are in a tragic situation in the Central

:08:36.:08:38.

African Republic, and our objective is to make sure we are going to

:08:39.:08:46.

support the African forces. That is the mission of the French forces. So

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you have in given the mandate under chapter seven of the United Nations

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to use all forced necessary to protect civilians? We will be

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abiding by the terms of the mandate, of course. We have a

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mission of stabilising the country and protect things civilians --

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protecting civilians. It is complete chaos, with killing everywhere. So

:09:14.:09:19.

we hope these forces will bring back peace and stability in order to lead

:09:20.:09:24.

to a political transition as well. So far, the French troops have been

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concentrated around the airport and French interests. Are they going to

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venture further afield? We will see. Obviously, securing the airport

:09:37.:09:44.

is a key dimension, protect the foreign community as well, and

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making sure we can secure the key roads. It is important to have these

:09:52.:09:56.

objectives, and the mission will be organised. Some people have observed

:09:57.:10:03.

that perhaps Bangui, the capital, can be secured, but it is the most

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remote areas where God knows what is going on. That is the real worry,

:10:08.:10:13.

that the troops will not go that far, because you need around 9000

:10:14.:10:19.

troops. You are right, we have had killings all around the country. The

:10:20.:10:22.

killings all around the country The Central African Republic is twice

:10:23.:10:28.

the size of the UK, with only 4 5 million inhabitants. That is why a

:10:29.:10:33.

key dimension will be to make sure the main roles are secure. But for

:10:34.:10:36.

the rest of it, you are right. Killings and riot are taking place

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all around the country. So the mission will be a very important

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one. The forces have the support of the international community. All the

:10:50.:10:55.

European countries are mobilised under this important mandate. We are

:10:56.:11:01.

all together to make sure it will be a success. Your Foreign Minister has

:11:02.:11:06.

said the country is on the verge of genocide. Is that the case? Well,

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they said it was a risk of genocide. There have been killings

:11:15.:11:21.

all around the country, and we need to make the violence stop.

:11:22.:11:31.

To Yemen now, where a series of deadly attacks at

:11:32.:11:34.

the defence ministry have left 9 people dead and many more injured.

:11:35.:11:37.

A suicide car bomb blew up at the gates of the complex in Sanaa's Bab

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al-Yaman district while people were heading to work.

:11:42.:11:44.

The BBC's Shaimaa Khalil reports from Sanaa.

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A suicide car bomb blew up at the gates of the complex in Sanaa's Bab

:12:03.:12:05.

al-Yaman district while people were heading to work.

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scene holds up a bit of shrapnel. Some remains, he says. The suicide

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bombing comes at a critical time here. The government is currently in

:12:48.:12:50.

talks with different political parties to draw a road map for

:12:51.:12:56.

Yemen's future. This is a city in a state of high alert. Checkpoints,

:12:57.:13:01.

armoured vehicles everywhere you go. Security is Yemen's biggest

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challenge and the government wanted to send a message that at least it

:13:05.:13:09.

was in control of the capital. But today's explosion showed that this

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is far from the case. The reputation of the Roman Catholic

:13:20.:13:22.

Church has been badly damaged by years of scandal of child sexual

:13:23.:13:26.

abuse. The Pope has signalled that he wants to do something about this

:13:27.:13:30.

and he has called on the article community to tackle sexual abuse of

:13:31.:13:34.

children in the Catholic Church as well as offer help to victims.

:13:35.:13:37.

Critics point out that the announcement comes just days after

:13:38.:13:41.

the Vatican refused a request from the United Nations for information

:13:42.:13:44.

on alleged use by priest 's, nuns or monks. The father has decided to

:13:45.:13:52.

establish a commission for the protection of children so that the

:13:53.:14:01.

commission will be able to advise the father about protection of

:14:02.:14:08.

children and the Pastoral care for the victims of abuse.

:14:09.:14:37.

They have proved in the past that they have wanted to keep control of

:14:38.:14:47.

any type of any investigation. In 1994, 2001 and 2007 2009, 2010, they

:14:48.:15:07.

have had papal letter reinforced... He does not seem to be able to let

:15:08.:15:36.

go of control over the issue. What he should be doing is hand control

:15:37.:15:42.

over to independent authorities such as the police, and civil authorities

:15:43.:15:50.

in each country. He should be directing the priests and bishops

:15:51.:15:54.

through the world to hand over allegations of abuse to civil

:15:55.:16:01.

authorities, rather than the secrecy of the canon law system. If you look

:16:02.:16:08.

at the allegations of sexual abuse, there has been a great deal of

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emphasis placed on the judicial aspects of all this, and what it

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means to the Catholic church. Now you need an emphasis on the Pastoral

:16:17.:16:24.

and spiritual a lot more. Why should both issues not run side-by-side? We

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do not know how many priests, how many ships have colluded to cover up

:16:30.:16:36.

child abuse cases in the past. We have not had access to the

:16:37.:16:39.

documentation which is kept by the Vatican, and was overseen for more

:16:40.:16:48.

than 20 years by the previous Pope. David Greenwood, we have to leave it

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there. all rail services have been shut

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down in Scotland, and 64,000 homes in Scotland are without power

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because of the disruptions by the storm. The storm is heading towards

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the East and Northern Europe. Parts of the Netherlands are on red

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alert. More than 80 for KLM flights have been cancelled from Amsterdam

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airport. I mentioned a storm surge. What exactly is that? Well, for a

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storm surge to occur you need several elements to come into play

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at once. You need a deep area of low pressure, around that some strong

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winds swirling and independent of them both you need some high tides

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around the coast, and that is what has been occurring. On Thursday, a

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deep area of low pressure passes to the north of the UK in the direction

:18:28.:18:31.

of Northway. Low pressure systems are effectively zones of rising air.

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The air is rising, producing rain clouds. If you think about it, if

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the air is rising at any great rate you are lifting a little bit of

:18:39.:18:41.

weight off the Earth's surface and the impact is greatest over open

:18:42.:18:46.

water. It is around the centre of the low-pressure system where the

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air is rising you get a bulge forming, where the sea level rises

:18:50.:18:53.

higher than the sea around it. Low-pressure strong winds then push

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that bulge in the direction of the coast, and in the North Sea that can

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have a huge impact. Certainly on Thursday into Friday, strong winds

:19:01.:19:03.

through the North Sea pushing the bulge further south. It meets the

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land straightaway across Holland, but between East Anglia and the

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Netherlands you get a narrowing of the North Sea, squeezing the water

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into a tight space causing the levels of the sea to rise even more.

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That is why, not only are we seeing high sea levels across much of the

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eastern coast, it is towards East Anglia and the south-east, that

:19:31.:19:33.

squeezing of the North Sea, where sea levels will have the greatest

:19:34.:19:36.

impact and perhaps cause the greatest amount of flooding. Amount

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of flooding. Matt Taylor explaining what we are

:19:39.:19:53.

experiencing in northern Europe Two months ago, tragedy struck when a

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boat of asylum seekers overturned near Italy. Now the European union

:20:00.:20:07.

has got the proposals to stop another event from happening.

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Matthew Price report from Sicily. To find the dead, you must first

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drive into the heart of Sicilian territory. Emotional, yes. To the

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cemetery at San Biagio Platani, where Alem Mariah, an Eritrean

:20:37.:20:39.

living in Germany, has come to mourn at the grave of his brother.

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Bimnet Araya, 37 years old, once a basketball player for the Eritrean

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basketball squad. Why did he want to come to Europe?

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They tried to go out from Eritrea to have a life in Europe or other

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countries, but their life ended When their boat sank, 157 survived.

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366 did not. So, Sicily's tombs are being used to store whole families.

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Some have pictures placed here by relatives living in Europe who could

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come. Most have simply a number. Their

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families cannot get here to identify them. It's the anonymity in death

:21:55.:22:00.

which is so sad here, and, along with those above ground, others have

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been buried beneath it. These are their numbers. They are being washed

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away as if they are already being forgotten. When the ship sank, the

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Italian government promised it would do all it could to help the

:22:17.:22:19.

relatives of the relative of the victims, yet weeks later there is

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still very little progress being made on getting these people back

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home for the proper burial they deserve. A massive DNA testing

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programme is needed. Alem has the money to come here and do this, but

:22:33.:22:36.

he says the whole process is painfully slow. The problem is, the

:22:37.:22:40.

Italian government is not ready to help us. The situation is very, very

:22:41.:22:47.

difficult, and they know that also, but I don't think they are ready to

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help me quickly. The government would not comment. Alem believes

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local officials are doing what they can, but for those whose relatives

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died out in the Mediterranean, it's not enough.

:23:05.:23:14.

The tragedy and the aftermath of the tragedy in Italy. Fans of Japanese

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food note that there is more to Japanese food than sushi. You will

:23:27.:23:32.

be delighted to know that Japan s cuisine has been awarded cultural

:23:33.:23:40.

heritage status by UNESCO. The only other country recognised in that way

:23:41.:23:45.

is France. In Japan, great care and attention is taken to preparing the

:23:46.:23:49.

food. It is a process known as... Washoku. We are so excited. Did I

:23:50.:24:22.

say it right? What does that mean? It means Japanese food. There is a

:24:23.:24:34.

whole thing behind it. It is not. It takes a long time to train and also

:24:35.:24:38.

to care about it, and all of us. takes a long time to train and also

:24:39.:24:45.

to care about it, and all of us We are looking here at this beautiful

:24:46.:24:54.

plate, this bowl of sushi that you brought us. The presentation is

:24:55.:24:57.

remarkable. That is an important thing. It is very important. We

:24:58.:25:08.

enjoy appearance, and we wanted to feel like summer how do you stay so

:25:09.:25:21.

slim? It is satisfying. It is incredibly healthy food as well. It

:25:22.:25:25.

takes a very long time to prepare. This bowl here of various bits of

:25:26.:25:30.

sushi, how long will that take to make? It is simple to make, but you

:25:31.:25:40.

need to soak it in the rice for a couple of hours. It comes down, with

:25:41.:25:50.

a vinegar mixture. You make the sushi rice. Then on the other hand,

:25:51.:25:54.

you have two prepare the sushi, fresh fish... The fish has to be

:25:55.:26:06.

fresh. It is unique. It is not like anybody other food in Asia. It is

:26:07.:26:16.

about art. We so care about where the food comes from, how to present.

:26:17.:26:24.

It is all cultures. It takes quite a long time. What do you like to eat

:26:25.:26:30.

other than Japanese food? Peter? long time. What do you like to eat

:26:31.:26:33.

other than Japanese food? Peter X Mac I like all types of food X Mac

:26:34.:26:40.

pizza and chips is my X Mac I don't believe that. Yuki Gomi, thank you.

:26:41.:26:45.

That is it from world news today. From ask, it is more on -- it is

:26:46.:26:50.

goodbye. Now the weather. After a day of ferocious gales

:26:51.:27:02.

across Scotland, coastal communities around East Anglia are experiencing

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a threat of serious flooding. It will be making its journey to the

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south here, across parts of the north coast of East Anglia, down

:27:16.:27:16.

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