06/12/2013 World News Today


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This is a special edition of rock Mac with me backing the life of


Nelson Mandela, the lawyer, freedom fighter, activist, president and


global icon who goes down as one of the tolling figures of the 20th


century. He leaves a nation in mourning. His friends Archbishop


Desmond Tutu pays his respects. We are relieved that his suffering


is over. But our relief is drowned in our grief.


In the township of Soweto, news of Nelson Mandela's death provokes


sadness and an outpouring of emotion. The man who taught South


Africa to overcome hatred, the words of President Zuma, as he announces


the funeral in nine days' time. Hello and welcome. The death of


Nelson Mandela, frail in health and advanced in years, may not have come


as is a prize, but nevertheless it marks the end of an era and his


grief brought tributes from home and abroad. The man who had impressed


many with his humility and dignity and above all Magnum in 80.


We are here in Vilakazi Street, the roads were the old home of Nelson


Mandela was. It has become the most extraordinary focal point. Lots of


South Africans went to bed last night before they got news of the


passing, but once they got here, passing, but once they got here


many people have made their way to this place which has become a real


special point of attention. We have lots of people in the streets


earlier and they have gone past in waves, chanting, dancing and singing


in the most joyful way. When you ask people why there are so many


smiles, they say they are celebrating Madiba's life, as they


know him affectionately. It has been, bizarrely, a day of


celebration. They come from all walks of life and


from all communities. To pay their respects outside the home of Nelson


Mandela. The sense of bereavement is palpable. For some, almost private,


personal. But this is also a coming together, a nation united in


mourning but also in celebration of the life of the man they call


Madiba. People are celebrating the life of


Nelson Mandela. I think that what he would have wanted was for people to


celebrate his life. As South Africa prepares for a state


funeral of unprecedented proportions, does turn to what kind


of nation Nelson Mandela leaves behind.


We will always love Madiba for teaching us that it is possible to


overcome hatred and anger. In order to build a new nation and a new


society. For decades, the struggle against


apartheid looked like it might be crushed a brutal regime. A system


that applied violence and racist ideology in equal measure to oppress


South Africa's black majority. But Nelson Mandela's achievement and


mated to more than the victory of the oppressed of the oppressors


I think his greatest legacy to the world is the emphasis which he has


always puts on the need for reconciliation.


Nelson Mandela went to present an angry young man. A fighter committed


to defeating his enemies with violence if necessary.


27 years later, he emerged reaching reconciliation but he never give up


the struggle. I have no doubts that each and every


one of you can see with authority and confidence that I have travelled


this long road to freedom. I trust I did not falter. I made missteps


along the way but I have discovered that after crossing a great Hill,


one only finds that there are many more hills to cross.


His message has been an inspiration to millions, at home, in Africa and


beyond. He achieved more than could be


expected of any man. Today he has gone home and we have lost one of


the most influential, courageous and profoundly good human beings that


any of us will ever share time went on this earth.


It would be a hard heart indeed that wasn't moved by the spectacle, these


flowers and these messages, many written by children born in a


post-apartheid South Africa, messages that all boil down to one


thing, Madiba, thank you for freeing our country.


In death as in life, Nelson Mandela's unique ability to bring


people together and to lift their spirits means and end.


-- and didn't -- undimmed. In a few seconds ago, a white card


drove past and the owner has graffitied rest in peace my


president all over it. The ordinary people of South Africa and the world


have been reacting but there has been a huge reaction when someone of


this magnitude dies from world leaders. Our diplomatic


correspondent takes us through some of that reaction.


Intra- Wagner Square in London this morning, the flag on South Africa


House was at half-mast -- in Trafalgar Square. Tributes were


beginning to pile up. Among the mourners who came to sign the book


of condolence, David Cameron. The abiding memory I have is just


seeing him in Johannesburg and him talking about the people who had


imprisoned him and the suffering he had undergone and yet his complete


forgiveness, his total lack of malice towards those who had done


this to him. Across the Atlantic, the American


flag was also raised to half-mast on the White House and President Obama


made a heartfelt tribute which was deeply personal.


I am one of the countless millions who drew inspiration from Nelson


Mandela's life. My very first political action, the first thing I


ever did, it involved an issue - ever did, it involved an issue --


that involved an issue or politics, was campaign against apartheid.


He was mourned not just in time Square but at the United Nations


where diplomats paused in silence -- Times Square.


China's president recalled his friendship, India's president


lamented the passing of a giant Russia called him an outstanding


politician and Brazil said he was one of the greatest figures of the


20th century. Tributes also came from African leaders.


We will all miss most cherished of Africa's sons and a true hero.


President Nelson Mandela lived an extraordinary life in a very


ordinary way. The Queen said she member at her


meetings with Mandela with great warmth and was deeply saddened.


Prince Charles, who took camera and Brixton, recalled his humour and


courage. He seemed to have touched everyone who met him. Former US


President Bill Clinton said he had lost a true friend. Tony Blair has


said he was a great man who made racism not just a moral but stupid.


South African actress Charlize Theron said his impact would live


for ever. By chance last night was the London


premiere of the new film of his life. The Duke and Duchess of


Cambridge were in attendance and visibly shocked when it was


announced. My thoughts and prayers are with him


and his family right now. More members of the Royal family


were at South Africa House this morning. For a towering figure his


impact on the world has surely been monumental.


The people continue to come past year, people just arriving down the


street to look at what is going on and pay tribute. I have managed to


talk to a couple of people here tonight. You were born and have


grown up in this very area. Yes, I was born here in Soweto, so I


remember very well when Mandela was released. It was a Monday and the


weather was like this. It was a bit cloudy and training. We were so


excited. I didn't know much about Mandela but I was excited and very


happy. We were told he would deliver a speech so we went there and were


very happy. But now the wheels have turned and Mandela is gone but we


don't regret because he did a very good job for us.


You are 13 years old, I believe What does Nelson Mandela mean to


your generation? He fought for freedom some most


people are glad he came out of jail. But now we are very cranked up


because he passed away. We have to learn about him more because our


future leaders must be like him. You have grown up not knowing about


the struggle of apartheid but what he did before you were even in this


world is very important. I was confused as to who Mandela was


so now I know all about him because I have read a lot.


How do celebrations combine with the sorrow?


I think we don't need to cry although it is sad. We need to


celebrate our black Jesus, Mr Madiba. He has done a lot for us. We


love him, we love him so much. It is sad that we need to celebrate his


life. He is happy wherever he is. Now that he has passed away, do you


have fears that South Africa will lose the path it is on?


Not at all. Not with Mandela's spirit around us. Nothing will


change. I you confident that Nelson


Mandela's legacy will carry on? Very confident because there is no


chance of us doing anything else. People might say South Africa still


has many challenges. With Nelson Mandela be satisfied with South


Africa today? I would say yes and no. I would say


yes and no. These last 24 hours have been sad


but very special for you. Some of the things he was going to


be proud of them but some things he wouldn't be happy with.


Thanks so March. We wish you all the best. It was a very amazing evening


to be here cause it is just such an incredible atmosphere. More people


are coming into the street. We expect the strange celebratory but


also sorrowful mood to continue. That was my colleague they are in


the township of service through. Nelson Mandela is not only the


father of the modern South African nation, greatly loved by his


people, he was also a giant on the African stage and a global icon. We


African stage and a global icon We have heard much of his legacy since


his death but there are different aspects to this. We will be


assessing his impact at home in a moment but first let us focus on


Africa. Listen to those young South Africans they are talking about him.


It is extraordinary how this elderly man brought up by parents from an


18th-century is still relevant. Yes I was speaking to a 15-year-old and


a 23-year-old and they said for them, I didn't expect to have a Cem


of he brought them liberation, but they did. I said to the 15-year-old,


what does liberation mean to you, because you didn't live under


apartheid. He said, we sea the scars of it in the country. They also hear


about the scars of apartheid as you did from your own paurnts - parents.


Do you think when you have a generation of South Africans, who


don't hear the stories of the oppression and discrimination, that


they might perhaps start seeing a different South Africa and not


remember Nelson Mandela in the same way? Well the one thing is it is


taught in schools and they learn about his contribution to the


country. So there has been an effort to make sure that is not forgotten.


Your parents were act Vis in the -- activists in the ANC and had to flee


to the UK. When they went back and relocated to South Africa, were they


grateful to Nelson Mandela? It is hard to put into words. When they


left South Africa, they weren't people in their country. And to go


back being able to and to able to take part in the process that led to


us being a democratic country and to... I remember them talking about


queueing and queueing just to vote. This opportunity to have a say in


the country you were born in. I remember my aunt telling me how they


were not a I aI o' - allowed to own property or land in their own


country. It is just unbelievable the sort of just how huge it was. So it


is, it had changed and it has changed for them now. Somebody like


you, who has lived in multicultural and multiracial Britain, where


people can mix and can we talk about South Africa even today in the same


way that it is multiracial and that if you have a mixed marriage, people


won't turn over their shoulders and have a look? I think it is a work in


progress. I know people in mixed marriages. Members of my family are


in mixed marriages and friends are in mixed marriages. That is common


in South Africa? It is obviously, there are obviously still... Scars


that still have to heal. One thing you notice when you go back to South


Africa is the way race is talked about is different from how it is


here. But it is a progress of work, a work in progress and something


South Africans are open about and it is a discussion they're having. I


won't embarrass you by saying how old you are on air, but you're


relatively young and having been brought up in Europe you have got


friends from all different races and so on. This a the same case poor


people your aning in South Africa -- age in South Africa or younger


still. Is there a true meeting of the races? I think it depends on


your pack grounds. -- background. Many people my age wept to mixed --


went to mixed schools. People younger than me are used to having


friendships across the colour divide. Maybe for people older than


me it may be more difficult. But the country is a work in progress. So


the rainbow coalition what is we have been talking about. Thank you.


Nelson Mandela's contribution to South Africa is almost immeasurable


for averting a descent possibly into civil war during the difficult path


to democracy. To look at his legacy in more detail, I am joined by


William Gumede, author of several highly acclaimed books and also


wrote the foreword to the collection of Nelson Mandela's writings and


speeches. Would you say the overriding achievement of Nelson


Mandela is he is often quoted almost single-handedly from preventing


South Africa descending into civil war's exactly. Exactly. The


constitutional democracy that we have here now I'll also he set a


gold standard for Democratic leadership, South Africans will


always be able to compare ourselves to what should be equality. There


are those who say that Nelson went too far in stretching his hand out


to the Afrikaners and not doing enough to dismantle the economic


supremacy of the white South Africa. In the early 90s, the big


thing for Mandela and the focus of all Hobbit his energy was -- all of


his energy, bringing South Africans like and whites together. His focus


was not an the economy. If you go back to South Africa in around 994,


it was a period of time where we were taught the prospects and it was


chance for him to hitting piece -- for him to get peace. He will hand


over to his successors rather than focusing on the economic side of it.


There has been lots of progress economic league in South Africa but


still a great deal to do. There is a great deal of dissatisfaction that


there is not the advancement that lots of people would like. Do people


feel they would have liked Nelson Mandela to have used his authority


and integrity to better lay the foundations for that kind of


progress? Really, if we look back at the Democratic negotiations in the


90s, what Nelson Mandela could have done better, they could have focused


more robustly on economic negotiations. There was a naivete


from the ANC negotiators but it was a time when activists and those who


were journalists and researchers said we did not press the point to


focus on the economy much more strongly. There was the naive belief


that all one needs to do is just to take elliptical power and once you


have that power, it will be easy to push forward and economic


transformation project. The reality is not so easy. What about the


Mandela name? We know he has a rather large family and some wayward


members who have not perhaps been brought under control. What do you


think will happen to be name of Mandela now that he is no longer


here? The Mandela name is a global brand. He was even bigger than the


ANC and there is right now a battle for the Mandela name and it is


associated -- and what it is associated with. We ask people to


respect the democratic values and the caring values he stood for. His


political life, his integrity. To focus on that rather than to demean


the Mandela brand and name. Thank you, William Gumede. Let's take a


shot rake away from those events in South Africa and bring you a summary


of some of the other main stories today. Hundreds of people here in


the UK have been mopping up flooded homes after hurricane force winds


kicked up tidal surges across northern Europe. Rising waters


prompted thousands of evacuations on the eastern English coast. In one


town, houses fell into the sea as waves eroding cliffs. Police in


Egypt have views tear gas to end clashes. Today's competition began


when pro-Muslim Brotherhood supporters came face to face with


opposing crowds. Supporters have held regular protests.


That's reminding of our main story, the South African President Jacob


Zuma has been leading the tributes to Nelson Mandela who died on


Thursday night at the age of 95 Mr Zuma said the outpouring of love was


unprecedented. He said Nelson Mandela had taught South Africans it


was possible to overcome hatred and to build a new nation. We leave you


with some reaction to his death. Goodbye.


The founding president of our democratic nation has departed.


# When I get older, I will be stronger,


# Born to a throne... He achieved more than can be


expected of any man. Today he has gone home. His legacy is so


powerful, he will live for generations. For an African to stand


out and not to fear everything, to feel confident, that is what he


taught us. He is celebrated because when he went to prison, lots of


people have gone to prison and have gone back. He forgave.


# When I get older, I will be stronger, they will be freedom.


Good evening. The storm which battered as yesterday has been


causing all sorts of problems in Europe and the last 24 hours, racing


across Denmark, Scandinavia, battering the north coast of Poland,


blizzards here and ending up nudging into Belarus and western Russia. For


into Belarus and western Russia For us, it has become more quiet. But


there is a bit of snow on the way tonight. Light and patchy rain for


most of us but across parts of Scotland and into northern England,


some snow and an ice risk for the morning. Lots of cloudy skies across


northern England tomorrow and East Anglia looking, a bit calmer. Some


rain but a bit damp for most of us towards the south of


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