06/12/2013 World News Today


06/12/2013

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This is a special edition of rock Mac with me backing the life of

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Nelson Mandela, the lawyer, freedom fighter, activist, president and

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global icon who goes down as one of the tolling figures of the 20th

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century. He leaves a nation in mourning. His friends Archbishop

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Desmond Tutu pays his respects. We are relieved that his suffering

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is over. But our relief is drowned in our grief.

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In the township of Soweto, news of Nelson Mandela's death provokes

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sadness and an outpouring of emotion. The man who taught South

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Africa to overcome hatred, the words of President Zuma, as he announces

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the funeral in nine days' time. Hello and welcome. The death of

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Nelson Mandela, frail in health and advanced in years, may not have come

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as is a prize, but nevertheless it marks the end of an era and his

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grief brought tributes from home and abroad. The man who had impressed

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many with his humility and dignity and above all Magnum in 80.

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We are here in Vilakazi Street, the roads were the old home of Nelson

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Mandela was. It has become the most extraordinary focal point. Lots of

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South Africans went to bed last night before they got news of the

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passing, but once they got here, passing, but once they got here

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many people have made their way to this place which has become a real

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special point of attention. We have lots of people in the streets

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earlier and they have gone past in waves, chanting, dancing and singing

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in the most joyful way. When you ask people why there are so many

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smiles, they say they are celebrating Madiba's life, as they

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know him affectionately. It has been, bizarrely, a day of

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celebration. They come from all walks of life and

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from all communities. To pay their respects outside the home of Nelson

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Mandela. The sense of bereavement is palpable. For some, almost private,

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personal. But this is also a coming together, a nation united in

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mourning but also in celebration of the life of the man they call

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Madiba. People are celebrating the life of

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Nelson Mandela. I think that what he would have wanted was for people to

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celebrate his life. As South Africa prepares for a state

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funeral of unprecedented proportions, does turn to what kind

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of nation Nelson Mandela leaves behind.

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We will always love Madiba for teaching us that it is possible to

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overcome hatred and anger. In order to build a new nation and a new

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society. For decades, the struggle against

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apartheid looked like it might be crushed a brutal regime. A system

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that applied violence and racist ideology in equal measure to oppress

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South Africa's black majority. But Nelson Mandela's achievement and

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mated to more than the victory of the oppressed of the oppressors

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I think his greatest legacy to the world is the emphasis which he has

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always puts on the need for reconciliation.

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Nelson Mandela went to present an angry young man. A fighter committed

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to defeating his enemies with violence if necessary.

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27 years later, he emerged reaching reconciliation but he never give up

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the struggle. I have no doubts that each and every

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one of you can see with authority and confidence that I have travelled

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this long road to freedom. I trust I did not falter. I made missteps

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along the way but I have discovered that after crossing a great Hill,

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one only finds that there are many more hills to cross.

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His message has been an inspiration to millions, at home, in Africa and

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beyond. He achieved more than could be

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expected of any man. Today he has gone home and we have lost one of

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the most influential, courageous and profoundly good human beings that

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any of us will ever share time went on this earth.

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It would be a hard heart indeed that wasn't moved by the spectacle, these

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flowers and these messages, many written by children born in a

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post-apartheid South Africa, messages that all boil down to one

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thing, Madiba, thank you for freeing our country.

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In death as in life, Nelson Mandela's unique ability to bring

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people together and to lift their spirits means and end.

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-- and didn't -- undimmed. In a few seconds ago, a white card

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drove past and the owner has graffitied rest in peace my

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president all over it. The ordinary people of South Africa and the world

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have been reacting but there has been a huge reaction when someone of

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this magnitude dies from world leaders. Our diplomatic

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correspondent takes us through some of that reaction.

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Intra- Wagner Square in London this morning, the flag on South Africa

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House was at half-mast -- in Trafalgar Square. Tributes were

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beginning to pile up. Among the mourners who came to sign the book

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of condolence, David Cameron. The abiding memory I have is just

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seeing him in Johannesburg and him talking about the people who had

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imprisoned him and the suffering he had undergone and yet his complete

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forgiveness, his total lack of malice towards those who had done

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this to him. Across the Atlantic, the American

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flag was also raised to half-mast on the White House and President Obama

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made a heartfelt tribute which was deeply personal.

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I am one of the countless millions who drew inspiration from Nelson

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Mandela's life. My very first political action, the first thing I

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ever did, it involved an issue - ever did, it involved an issue --

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that involved an issue or politics, was campaign against apartheid.

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He was mourned not just in time Square but at the United Nations

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where diplomats paused in silence -- Times Square.

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China's president recalled his friendship, India's president

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lamented the passing of a giant Russia called him an outstanding

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politician and Brazil said he was one of the greatest figures of the

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20th century. Tributes also came from African leaders.

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We will all miss most cherished of Africa's sons and a true hero.

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President Nelson Mandela lived an extraordinary life in a very

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ordinary way. The Queen said she member at her

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meetings with Mandela with great warmth and was deeply saddened.

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Prince Charles, who took camera and Brixton, recalled his humour and

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courage. He seemed to have touched everyone who met him. Former US

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President Bill Clinton said he had lost a true friend. Tony Blair has

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said he was a great man who made racism not just a moral but stupid.

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South African actress Charlize Theron said his impact would live

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for ever. By chance last night was the London

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premiere of the new film of his life. The Duke and Duchess of

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Cambridge were in attendance and visibly shocked when it was

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announced. My thoughts and prayers are with him

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and his family right now. More members of the Royal family

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were at South Africa House this morning. For a towering figure his

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impact on the world has surely been monumental.

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The people continue to come past year, people just arriving down the

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street to look at what is going on and pay tribute. I have managed to

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talk to a couple of people here tonight. You were born and have

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grown up in this very area. Yes, I was born here in Soweto, so I

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remember very well when Mandela was released. It was a Monday and the

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weather was like this. It was a bit cloudy and training. We were so

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excited. I didn't know much about Mandela but I was excited and very

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happy. We were told he would deliver a speech so we went there and were

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very happy. But now the wheels have turned and Mandela is gone but we

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don't regret because he did a very good job for us.

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You are 13 years old, I believe What does Nelson Mandela mean to

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your generation? He fought for freedom some most

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people are glad he came out of jail. But now we are very cranked up

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because he passed away. We have to learn about him more because our

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future leaders must be like him. You have grown up not knowing about

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the struggle of apartheid but what he did before you were even in this

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world is very important. I was confused as to who Mandela was

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so now I know all about him because I have read a lot.

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How do celebrations combine with the sorrow?

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I think we don't need to cry although it is sad. We need to

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celebrate our black Jesus, Mr Madiba. He has done a lot for us. We

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love him, we love him so much. It is sad that we need to celebrate his

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life. He is happy wherever he is. Now that he has passed away, do you

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have fears that South Africa will lose the path it is on?

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Not at all. Not with Mandela's spirit around us. Nothing will

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change. I you confident that Nelson

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Mandela's legacy will carry on? Very confident because there is no

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chance of us doing anything else. People might say South Africa still

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has many challenges. With Nelson Mandela be satisfied with South

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Africa today? I would say yes and no. I would say

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yes and no. These last 24 hours have been sad

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but very special for you. Some of the things he was going to

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be proud of them but some things he wouldn't be happy with.

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Thanks so March. We wish you all the best. It was a very amazing evening

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to be here cause it is just such an incredible atmosphere. More people

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are coming into the street. We expect the strange celebratory but

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also sorrowful mood to continue. That was my colleague they are in

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the township of service through. Nelson Mandela is not only the

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father of the modern South African nation, greatly loved by his

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people, he was also a giant on the African stage and a global icon. We

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African stage and a global icon We have heard much of his legacy since

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his death but there are different aspects to this. We will be

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assessing his impact at home in a moment but first let us focus on

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Africa. Listen to those young South Africans they are talking about him.

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It is extraordinary how this elderly man brought up by parents from an

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18th-century is still relevant. Yes I was speaking to a 15-year-old and

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a 23-year-old and they said for them, I didn't expect to have a Cem

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of he brought them liberation, but they did. I said to the 15-year-old,

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what does liberation mean to you, because you didn't live under

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apartheid. He said, we sea the scars of it in the country. They also hear

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about the scars of apartheid as you did from your own paurnts - parents.

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Do you think when you have a generation of South Africans, who

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don't hear the stories of the oppression and discrimination, that

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they might perhaps start seeing a different South Africa and not

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remember Nelson Mandela in the same way? Well the one thing is it is

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taught in schools and they learn about his contribution to the

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country. So there has been an effort to make sure that is not forgotten.

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Your parents were act Vis in the -- activists in the ANC and had to flee

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to the UK. When they went back and relocated to South Africa, were they

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grateful to Nelson Mandela? It is hard to put into words. When they

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left South Africa, they weren't people in their country. And to go

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back being able to and to able to take part in the process that led to

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us being a democratic country and to... I remember them talking about

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queueing and queueing just to vote. This opportunity to have a say in

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the country you were born in. I remember my aunt telling me how they

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were not a I aI o' - allowed to own property or land in their own

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country. It is just unbelievable the sort of just how huge it was. So it

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is, it had changed and it has changed for them now. Somebody like

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you, who has lived in multicultural and multiracial Britain, where

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people can mix and can we talk about South Africa even today in the same

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way that it is multiracial and that if you have a mixed marriage, people

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won't turn over their shoulders and have a look? I think it is a work in

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progress. I know people in mixed marriages. Members of my family are

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in mixed marriages and friends are in mixed marriages. That is common

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in South Africa? It is obviously, there are obviously still... Scars

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that still have to heal. One thing you notice when you go back to South

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Africa is the way race is talked about is different from how it is

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here. But it is a progress of work, a work in progress and something

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South Africans are open about and it is a discussion they're having. I

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won't embarrass you by saying how old you are on air, but you're

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relatively young and having been brought up in Europe you have got

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friends from all different races and so on. This a the same case poor

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people your aning in South Africa -- age in South Africa or younger

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still. Is there a true meeting of the races? I think it depends on

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your pack grounds. -- background. Many people my age wept to mixed --

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went to mixed schools. People younger than me are used to having

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friendships across the colour divide. Maybe for people older than

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me it may be more difficult. But the country is a work in progress. So

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the rainbow coalition what is we have been talking about. Thank you.

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Nelson Mandela's contribution to South Africa is almost immeasurable

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for averting a descent possibly into civil war during the difficult path

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to democracy. To look at his legacy in more detail, I am joined by

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William Gumede, author of several highly acclaimed books and also

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wrote the foreword to the collection of Nelson Mandela's writings and

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speeches. Would you say the overriding achievement of Nelson

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Mandela is he is often quoted almost single-handedly from preventing

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South Africa descending into civil war's exactly. Exactly. The

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constitutional democracy that we have here now I'll also he set a

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gold standard for Democratic leadership, South Africans will

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always be able to compare ourselves to what should be equality. There

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are those who say that Nelson went too far in stretching his hand out

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to the Afrikaners and not doing enough to dismantle the economic

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supremacy of the white South Africa. In the early 90s, the big

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thing for Mandela and the focus of all Hobbit his energy was -- all of

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his energy, bringing South Africans like and whites together. His focus

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was not an the economy. If you go back to South Africa in around 994,

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it was a period of time where we were taught the prospects and it was

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chance for him to hitting piece -- for him to get peace. He will hand

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over to his successors rather than focusing on the economic side of it.

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There has been lots of progress economic league in South Africa but

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still a great deal to do. There is a great deal of dissatisfaction that

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there is not the advancement that lots of people would like. Do people

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feel they would have liked Nelson Mandela to have used his authority

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and integrity to better lay the foundations for that kind of

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progress? Really, if we look back at the Democratic negotiations in the

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90s, what Nelson Mandela could have done better, they could have focused

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more robustly on economic negotiations. There was a naivete

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from the ANC negotiators but it was a time when activists and those who

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were journalists and researchers said we did not press the point to

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focus on the economy much more strongly. There was the naive belief

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that all one needs to do is just to take elliptical power and once you

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have that power, it will be easy to push forward and economic

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transformation project. The reality is not so easy. What about the

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Mandela name? We know he has a rather large family and some wayward

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members who have not perhaps been brought under control. What do you

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think will happen to be name of Mandela now that he is no longer

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here? The Mandela name is a global brand. He was even bigger than the

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ANC and there is right now a battle for the Mandela name and it is

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associated -- and what it is associated with. We ask people to

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respect the democratic values and the caring values he stood for. His

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political life, his integrity. To focus on that rather than to demean

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the Mandela brand and name. Thank you, William Gumede. Let's take a

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shot rake away from those events in South Africa and bring you a summary

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of some of the other main stories today. Hundreds of people here in

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the UK have been mopping up flooded homes after hurricane force winds

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kicked up tidal surges across northern Europe. Rising waters

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prompted thousands of evacuations on the eastern English coast. In one

:24:48.:24:51.

town, houses fell into the sea as waves eroding cliffs. Police in

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Egypt have views tear gas to end clashes. Today's competition began

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when pro-Muslim Brotherhood supporters came face to face with

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opposing crowds. Supporters have held regular protests.

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That's reminding of our main story, the South African President Jacob

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Zuma has been leading the tributes to Nelson Mandela who died on

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Thursday night at the age of 95 Mr Zuma said the outpouring of love was

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unprecedented. He said Nelson Mandela had taught South Africans it

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was possible to overcome hatred and to build a new nation. We leave you

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with some reaction to his death. Goodbye.

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The founding president of our democratic nation has departed.

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# When I get older, I will be stronger,

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# Born to a throne... He achieved more than can be

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expected of any man. Today he has gone home. His legacy is so

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powerful, he will live for generations. For an African to stand

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out and not to fear everything, to feel confident, that is what he

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taught us. He is celebrated because when he went to prison, lots of

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people have gone to prison and have gone back. He forgave.

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# When I get older, I will be stronger, they will be freedom.

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Good evening. The storm which battered as yesterday has been

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causing all sorts of problems in Europe and the last 24 hours, racing

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across Denmark, Scandinavia, battering the north coast of Poland,

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blizzards here and ending up nudging into Belarus and western Russia. For

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into Belarus and western Russia For us, it has become more quiet. But

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there is a bit of snow on the way tonight. Light and patchy rain for

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most of us but across parts of Scotland and into northern England,

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some snow and an ice risk for the morning. Lots of cloudy skies across

:27:26.:27:32.

northern England tomorrow and East Anglia looking, a bit calmer. Some

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rain but a bit damp for most of us towards the south of

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