09/12/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera. Stand up in Kiev


as police moved in to dismantle some protest camps in the Ukrainian


capital. These are live pictures from Independence Square, where


pro-EU demonstrators are still staging rallies. Authorities have


given them until Tuesday to leave. No end to anti-government protest in


Thailand, despite the Prime Minister dissolving parliament and calling a


fresh election. Also coming up, remembering Mandela,


last-minute preparations for tomorrow's memorial service as his


daughter speaks exclusively to the BBC about the last hours before he


died. He said to me, everybody that is


here that wants to see him to say bye-bye, it was a most wonderful day


for us, because the grandchildren were there, we were there. And end


of the line for a motoring icon, why of the line for a motoring icon why


Volkswagen is pulling production of its humble Kombi.


Hello and welcome to the programme. We begin with fast-moving


developments out of Ukraine. Within the past couple of hours, police


have dismantled some protest barricades in Independence Square in


the capital, Kiev, and entered the headquarters of an opposition party.


But there are still thousands of protesters in the square. Let's take


a look at some of the images live, hopefully, from Independence Square,


we can see those protest camps and some discrepancies between whether,


which opposition parties and whether they have actually had their


headquarters entered in by the police. But we can discuss this much


further, because there is a background story to this, as you can


imagine. With me is Olexiy Solohubenko, former head of the BBC


Ukrainian service, now global news editor for BBC language services.


The situation is tense in Kiev, just remind us why it has come to this.


It started after the President of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych, decided


not to sign the association agreement with the European Union,


which was a very big thing for Ukraine. Instead, he decided to side


with Russia and to discuss the tripartite arrangement which did not


come to anything until now. Last Saturday, there was a very brutal


attack on a peaceful rally in Independence Square in Kiev by


police. That sparked new rallies. I think the rally over the weekend saw


100,000 people, they are demanding not just the wrap Rushmore or


joining with the European Union and assigning the agreement, but the


protest has evolved into demands for the president to go, for the Cabinet


of ministers to go, for the police to be punished for brutality, and


neither side, nor the government, the president or the opposition


protesters, have any common ground now. There is no dialogue, there are


mutual threats, and the stand-off is very tense. So it has moved on from


that trade agreement, which even Angela Merkel said the door was


still open for Ukraine. When we look at these images now, we know the


police have given them a deadline of Tuesday to decamp. Is that going to


happen? I think Ukraine is a country of deadlines which are very rarely


kept, so I do not think that the protesters will just pack up and go.


They are very determined to stay, to protest, to carry on with this. I


think the deadlock can be, well there could be a breakthrough


tomorrow if Western mediators are put in there. If they are putting


their weight behind the negotiations, Baroness Ashton is


coming to Kiev, and also I think the under Secretary of State is coming


from the United States, so this is not the first time that Ukraine


needs external mediation. The same thing happened during the Orange


Revolution in 2004, and hopefully this time that will be the route


that will resolve the stand-off. Let's talk to Steve Rosenberg, who


was live in Kiev, Steve, you are overlooking Independence Square,


discrepancies about which opposition headquarters or camps were attacked,


can you bring us up with the latest? It has been very fast-moving up


until now. That is right. As you can see, the situation behind me on


Independence Square is pretty calm, there is a pop concert going on,


political speech is being made, no sign of any police here, and the


tented encampment remains. It is a slightly different situation in the


government district, not far away from here, but there the police are


on the streets today, far more police than we saw yesterday in the


centre of Kiev. And those police have gradually been moving


protesters away from government buildings, the main government


buildings in Kiev. We went down to the government district earlier


today, we saw several hundred police lined up in rows, surrounding a


small tented encampment there. One of the tents was destroyed, not by


police. But the situation where we were was pretty calm, but there was


pushing and shoving around the government buildings as riot police


moved back, pushed back protesters. But here on Independence Square at


the moment, it is calm. Steve Rosenberg, live overlooking


Independence Square, thank you very much. As Steve and our guest was


saying, police have given a deadline of Tuesday, we will watch to see


what happens. Some of the other news, and in


Thailand anti-government protests are continuing there, too. Even


after Yingluck Shinawatra dissolved parliament, she said an election for


February, but that did not satisfy the demonstrators, who surrounded


her offices at Government House. Protest leaders are demanding the


democratic system be changed and the removal of the entire Shinawatra


family from Thailand. Jonathan Head got a bird's eye view of the


rallies. Shuts down once again by mass


protests. They want a government they accused of corruption and


abusing its parliamentary majority to go. But the sudden offer of an


election have softened the mood. to go. But the sudden offer of an


election have softened the mood A show of strength was more like a


giant street party. Leaders of this protest movement called for an


impressive turnout, and from PA you can see they have achieved that


goal. Streets around the capital are filled with people, and it has


certainly made an impression on the government. What you do not see are


the government's own supporters and the government's own supporters, and


you have to ask whether they have enough people to be able to beat the


government in an election. The fact is that in rural areas the


government is still very popular, so some confusion among these


protesters. Was an election a big enough concession? If it was me,


protesters. Was an election a big enough concession? If it was me I


would accept that. Even if this government wins another election,


which they might do? For me, yes, but I am not sure about a lot of


people. Even the main opposition party, whose MPs have now joined


these rallies, seemed unclear. Its leader has been demanding an


election for days but was suddenly unsure whether he would even contest


it. So an announcement that should have


cleared the air has cleared up knocking. -- nothing. An election


will be held in less than two months. How it will go, whether its


results will be respected is anyone's guess.


In Russia, President Vladimir Putin has abolished Ria Novosti, the


country's major state-owned news agency. In a surprise decree


published on the Kremlin website, he announced that it would be scrapped


and replaced by a news agency called Russia Today. The new agency will be


headed by a keen Kremlin supporter, Dmitry Kiselev. A spokesman for the


Kremlin said that Ria Novosti was being restructured in order to make


it more economical. IMac now, one of the men accused of murdering


Fusilier really be has been describing how he chose his victim


and then killed him. Michael Adebolajo, a Muslim convert, told


the Old Bailey that he was a soldier of Allah and blamed the death of UK


foreign policy. June Kelly was in court. The report contains


distressing details. The start of the defence case today,


the men in the dark are accused of the murder of Lee Rigby, as well as


charges of conspiring to murder and attempting to murder a police


officer. They pleaded not guilty to everything. Michael Adebowale and


Michael Adebolajo have said they want to be referred to by their


Muslim names. In the witness box surrounded by security guards, one


cordons of Mujahid Abu Hamza and laid out his political and religious


beliefs. He told the jury, Al-Qaeda I considered to be mujahedin, I love


them, they are my brothers, I have never met them, I consider that my


brothers in Islam. He described how he had been brought up as a


Christian and had converted to Islam when he was at university. He took


part in demonstrations, he was angry at British foreign policy. Today he


spoke of a war in Iraq and said it was the treatment of Muslims which


led him to kill. On the events in Woolwich, he admitted attempting to


decapitate Lee Rigby. He said that, as a soldier, he had an obligation


to fight, despite having a wife and six children. His youngest child was


just four days old when he took the soldier's life. He said it was Allah


who had ordered him to kill Lee Rigby. They were looking for a


soldier, and they went for Lee Rigby because he was carrying a military


rucksack. He told the court, I am a soldier of Allah, and I understand


that some people might not recognise this because we do not wear fatigues


and do not go to the Brecon Beacons to drain. But we are still soldiers


in the sight of Allah. This was Michael Adebolajo running


towards firearms officers armed with a meat cleaver. Police shot him.


a meat cleaver. Police shot him Today he said he had wanted to die.


Lee Rigby's sister, being comforted by her mother, as the family left


court this evening after sitting through the testimony. He has now


completed his evidence and the rest of the defence case is due to be


heard tomorrow. June Kelly reporting. Nelson


Mandela's eldest daughter has described as wonderful the final


hours that she and her family spent with the father before he died. She


spoke to, two more as preparations were made for the memorial service


in Soweto. -- Komla Dumor. We explained to him that people were


outside the hospital, singing, putting cards and flowers. I do


believe you heard, you know, because I do not know what they were saying


with the doctors, saying he had opened his eyes, I think. And I


don't know what somebody was saying to me, and I said, well, I believe


he still hears me, you know, when I speak to him, because I would


everyday say to him, you know, even if all of us, you know, this year or


kissed the cheek, everyday for, I don't know, the past so many months,


I love you, I am coming to see you tomorrow, you know? And then maybe


he would open his eyes for just a second and close those guys. So for


me, I think that until the last moment he heard us, you know. And


you know, the children were there, the grandchildren were there, you


know, Graca Machel was there, so we were always around him. And at the


last moment we were sitting with him on Thursday the whole day. It was


the most wonderful day for us, because the grandchildren were


there, we were there, the professional doctors, and I think


when they saw him slipping away those doctors dedicated their time.


They were running shifts 24 hours, being there, it was like they were


soldiers guarding this... I don t soldiers guarding this... I don't


know whether you understand this simile, soldiers guarding his


spirit. Without them knowing that they were practising our rituals and


culture, and as we family members came in, they would excuse


themselves and just a few of them would be there to give us the time


to be around my dad's bed. And so even for the grandchildren, I think


it was a wonderful moment. I don't think my father fought just for


political freedom. He also fought for spiritual freedom, to free


yourself spiritually. He talks about the fact that it takes courage to


forgive, forgiveness is a very difficult thing. I don't think he


woke up one day and said, I forgive those who incarcerated me. But I


think he knew that if he didn't forgive, he would be for ever


imprisoned himself spiritually. And if you are not free, you cannot be


free definitely here. And so for me, the lesson is to have... The lesson


we can take away from his life is to have the courage to forgive other


people. Your own husband, if you are married, your own children, your own


neighbours, your own community, because if we have the courage to


forgive as human beings, there will be no wars around us. There will be


no crime, there will be no conflict, OK? And for me, that is the greatest


gift that he has given to the world. Because he also says none of us,


Because he also says none of us when we are born, are born hating


another. We are taught to hate. If you can teach a human being to hate,


you can also teach a human being to love, to embrace, to forgive. And


for me, that is the greatest lesson. Archbishop Desmond Tutu has given a


tribute at a service in Johannesburg.


He emerged from that crucible of suffering, and being dehumanised,


breaking rocks. In Post Office backs, working in the quarry. You


know what it did to his eyesight and to his lungs. Yes. But he said, I


have been consumed by hate, and a lust for revenge. He is SO what for


reconciliation and forgiveness. An incredibly important person in


Nelson Mandela's life. We have an order of service for the special


memorial service that will be taking place on Tuesday. Much more details


on our website. It has been one month since Typhoon


Haiyan devastated much of the central Philippines, link more than


five point -- 5500 people. Bodies are still being found survivors


clear away the wreckage of homes and that were destroyed. The scale of


the destruction means rebuilding will take years. Even though many


aid agencies are helping with the relief effort. Tacloban has been the


focus for the operation, but there are reports that in moronic areas,


people are still struggling to get the help that they need. -- more


promote areas. 1 million homes were damaged or destroyed across the


country. Close to 5 million people have lost their livelihoods. My


colleague has returned to Tacloban, which bore the brunt of the storm.


Looking for solace, during a time of mourning. For the people gathered


here for a special mass at the parish church, religion has a


crucial part of the recovery process, after losing their family


members, homes and livelihoods to Typhoon Haiyan last month. I do not


know where to go. Only here. During Sunday, there was a mass. It is the


only one I have now. During the storm, 250 people hid in the church,


hoping for divine protection. They also drive. But nearly 6000 others


did not make it, with over 1700 more still missing. For the traumatised


community of Tacloban, the church has become their main refuge. This


is where many of the remaining residents of Tacloban were gathered


and will cover this Christmas. It is most important religious holiday in


the Philippines, the biggest Catholic unity in Asia. This year,


it is not about exchanging gifts or having big dinners. But for many


survivors here, it is all about faith. The city has slowly started


to get back on its feet. There is even running water and electricity


in some areas. But when night falls, most of the devastated areas look


like this. Shrouded in black. Parishioners have tried to lift


their spirits by handing parols, or their spirits by handing parols or


lanterns. They say it helps give hope in times of darkness.


Some of the other news. French troops have begun disarming


the leisure groups in the Central African Republic. The operation


began with a brief exchange of gunfire between armed men and French


soldiers near the airport in the capital. Recent communal fighting


has left more than 450 people dead. 1600 troops are patrolling towns and


city go check point across the country.


The leader of the Muslim brotherhood in Egypt has appeared in court,


accused of inciting violence, after the army as did Mohamed Morsi.


Mohammed Badie, who was in court with other leading Islamists, denies


the charges. Muslim students in Cairo have prompted the police to


move onto the campus. Blackburn Rovers has confirmed that


shrike DJ Campbell is one of six people arrested by police


investigating allegations of match fixing, following a newspaper report


in which the former Portsmouth and Nigeria international Sam Sodje


claims he could arrange for players to be booked in return for money.


Pictures showing North Korea's second most powerful man being


forcibly removed from a party meeting have been aired on state TV.


Jang Song-taek is the uncle of the leader, Kim Jong-un, and had been


given the job of guiding and mentoring the junk leader as he


issued the power to designate. -- the young leader.


Money, sex and power of the stuff of headlines in North Korea, just like


anywhere else, or at the state media put it, corruption, disloyalty and


capitalist living. Jang Song-taek, once the most -- the second most


powerful man, stripped of his positions and holed from a party


meeting, under arrest, the biggest political earthquake since his


nephew assumed power. He was Kim Jong-un's Guardian, mental and


uncle. Too many, he was the power behind the throne. Perhaps too


powerful, or maybe too popular. Few of the elder statesmen who booked


the side Kim Jong-il's off have survived two years of his son's


rule. The speed and scope of this latest purge is especially


startling. Jang Song-taek has already been edited out of official


videos, like this documentary, shown on state TV. Whether this signal is


personal or political differences, the worry here in South Korea is


that Jeong Jang could distract attention with military action. The


defence Ministry has already warned its troops to be on high alert. With


North Korea's old guard fading, the game of predicting the regime is


getting harder. Step-by-step, Kim Jong-un has demonstrated his hold on


power. But also, his fear of rivals. If his encore was a threat, but his


removal be an even bigger one? It is a vehicle which you can often


hear coming before you even see it. I am talking about the Volkswagen


Kombi, which has been on the roads since 1950. The vehicle is only


built in Brazil, almost to the same specification as it has always been


built. But VW will stop making it. If the Volkswagen Kombi ever had the


motoring equivalent of sex appeal in its use, that allure has faded with


old age. Practically made for the streets and beaches of Brazil,


thousands of old vehicles of the modern-day equivalent of the horse


and cart. Engines and chassis that should have been retired years ago


keeping thousands of small businesses afloat. Without the


vehicle, there is no way to work, says this man. That is the best


thing for us. 90 beach chairs, 60 on Brothers, sacks of coconuts and a


volleyball net. It might not be the slickest thing on the beach, but it


is the -- but it is very practical. But it is the end of a line for a


car which has been manufactured here for more than half a century. In an


increasingly automated industry, for more than half a century. In an


increasingly automated industry it is still mainly built by hand. This


format icon is beginning to look outdated. It is essentially the same


vehicle that was built at this plant in the 1950s. But it no longer meets


the safety requirements in Europe and those to be introduced here at


the start of next year. 1.5 million units down the line, the Volkswagen


Kombi is coming to an end. However much enthusiasts will mourn the


passing of it, for Volkswagen, it is a hard-nosed business is Asian.


According to the Brazilian deflation, starting in 2014, all


cars airbags and ABS. To construct and put these features into that car


would be a huge product change. Not to miss an opportunity, the company


has built a last edition model. For a few thousand extra dollars, you


get paintwork and trim invoking the 1960s. However fond of those distant


memories maybe, the Volkswagen Kombi is not the smoothest cottage drive.


It feels like a very basic vehicle. That was perhaps always part of the


attraction. It will be the end of an era, not


seeing one of those are around! The top story. Let's cross over to


those live pictures from Ukraine, because security forces have


dismantled some barricades and riot police have entered an opposition


party headquarters, but the protesters remain in force. Now, the


protesters remain in force. Now the vice president of the United States


has said that violence has no place in a democratic society, so concern


around the world as to those events in the Ukraine. We will keep you




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