08/01/2014 World News Today


08/01/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. The UN warns of

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a humanitarian disaster in the making in the Central African

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Republic. Almost half of the population of the capital has fled

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in fear of the sectarian violence between Muslim and Christian

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militias. There are barely enough international troops to secure this

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place. There are certainly not enough to stop the blood-letting in

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the capital or countryside beyond. Too hot to play? The Secretary

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General of FIFA says 2022 World Cup in Qatar should not be played in the

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summer. It is so cold in the United States that Hell has frozen over,

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Held, Mitch Ugen. And the film award season in full swing. The space

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drama Gravity leads this year's BAFTA nominations.

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Hello and welcome. We begin with a special BBC report from inside the

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Central African Republic, where the United Nations Children's Fund is

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warning of a humanitarian disaster. There've been reports of widespread

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atrocities by both sides, in the conflict between Muslim and

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Christian communities, and masses of people have fled the fighting. This

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week, aid agencies have been getting food to some of the one million

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people who've been driven from their homes. The violence is thought to

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have claimed at least 1,000 lives in the last month alone. Our

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correspondent Paul Wood and cameraman Fred Scott have reached

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the capital Bangui and sent us this report.

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Dramatic evidence of how the crisis in the Central African Republic is

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deepening. In one month this camp has grown to perhaps 1000 people to

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100,000. They press right up against the airport runway, hoping the

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French troops there will provide a measure of safety. Almost half the

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capital of Bangui has fled. These are Christians will stop they told

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us that Muslim secular militia have gone house-to-house, killing the

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young men. Ellen's son was shot dead in front of her, she tells me. Her

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second son was killed with a machete this morning. They'd gone to their

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house to get their belongings. Many people had similar stories. The calm

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here is deceptive. Last week there was sniping from the perimeter of

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the camp which killed three children, including a six-month-old

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baby girl. There are barely enough international troops to secure this

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place. There are certainly not enough to stop the blood-letting in

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the capital or countryside beyond. There is a threat of cholera,

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typhoid and, among children, measles. But people are still too

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terrified to go home. We are not confident yet. It can be the calm

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before the storm, nobody really knows. People are saying to me, if I

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have to choose between living in these conditions and my life, I

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choose my life. The mainly Muslim militia, accused by Christians of

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mass murder. They say they are defending their communities from

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Christian vigilantes. Aid workers say the violence is increasingly

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neighbour against neighbour. That may be the kind of killing not even

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the resignation of a president can stop. In neighbouring South Sudan,

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the fighting has also reached crisis point, and the BBC is tonight in

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Bentiu in the oil-rich Unity State in the north of the country, where

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people are grabbing their belongings and fleeing in their thousands. The

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town had been seized by rebels, but now government troops are closing

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in. Alastair Leithead is live for us in Bentiu. Tell us what you've

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witnessed. Just that, many, many people with all the possessions they

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can carry. Children carrying younger children, walking down the road

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here, along the dusty tracks. Just outside this UN compound where I am

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is actually between the city and where the government troops will be

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advancing from. They started the day 40 kilometres or more away. They

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were 25 kilometres away some hours ago. The message reached people

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here. They grabbed what they could and headed down the road and over

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the bridge, a strategic bridge, the only crossing point in about 100

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kilometres, where people could then get on beyond the city south if they

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need to. We also saw movement of the rebel forces. These are the units of

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the militarily who split from the government and have backed the

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former vice president. They were seen moving back down the road on

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the back of a truck. There was a tank, heavy weapons, lots of

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movement and uncertainty, as they move into that city, presumably

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waiting for the government troops to arrive. Then people are expecting

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them to fight. That could be quite a battle, if the government tried to

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move in and take over the city once again. We may have more from you

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tomorrow, thank you very much. It looks like the 2022 football World

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Cup in Qatar will not be at the usual time of June and July, but

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will be shifted to November, December and January, when the

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searing heat simmers down to more acceptable levels for the players.

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It's a decision that could affect football seasons across Europe and

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beyond. But we can't confirm the move for you yet, as our reporter

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Chris Mitchell explains. Since December 2010, when Qatar was

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awarded the right to stage the tournament, it seems everyone in

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world football has had their say on when the World Cup should be

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played. On Wednesday it was the turn FIFAgeneral secretary, Jerome

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Valcke. TRANSLATION: The dates for the World

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Cup will not be June July. To be honest, I think it will be held

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between the 15th of November and the 15th of January at the latest. If

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you play between the 15th of November and the end of December,

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that's the time when the weather conditions are best. When you can

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play in temperature is equivalent to a warm spring season in Europe,

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averaging 25 degrees. That would be perfect for playing football.

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It appears Jerome Valcke may have overstepped the mark. FIFA certainly

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reacted swiftly to his comments. The precise events dates are still

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subject to an ongoing consultation process, they said. They insist no

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decision will be made until after the World Cup in Brazil, which ends

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on July 13. What we are seeing our talks between Sheik Salman Butt

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Isner commission for FIFA, and the Premier League and the other

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big-league, the advertisers and sponsors are all getting involved in

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this, to see how a practical solution can be found. That will go

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on for some time, through to March or April this year, then they decide

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the international calendar, and we could -- we should hear in December

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on the outcome. Qatar won the bid with traditional summer dates in

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their proposal. But soon after that, doctors, including the chairman of

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FIFA's medical committee, said the risks to supporters attending the

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event were too great, with temperatures reaching as high as 50

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Celsius in June or July. FIFA's vice president said he was totally

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surprised at Jerome Valcke's statement, and confirmed the

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decision had to be taken by FIFA's executive committee. The organising

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committee in Qatar said regardless of the outcome of the consultation,

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they will be ready to host the World Cup, whatever the dates. Joining me

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from Southampton on the south coast of England is Mark Palios. He's a

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former chief executive of the English Football Association, the

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FA. And with me in the studio is the sports writer and broadcaster Mihir

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Bose. Thinking about this, Mark, if we can come to you first. What will

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this mean for football? A decision to move the World Cup in Qatar would

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have such a knock-on effect for the English Premier League, as well as

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many others. I would say that the impetus around to changing the

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timing of the World Cup, or the suggested change, from the summer to

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the winter months, whilst the welfare of the players was taken

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into account, it is one side of the argument that the Qataris would be

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able to put insufficient air-conditioning around stadiums and

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training pictures, so it wouldn't dramatically affect the players. I

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believe the concerns of the medical committee chairman was centred more

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around the fans than the players. Having said that, for players

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themselves, they will probably go into a World Cup, certainly for the

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guys who play in the European leagues, in better physical

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conditions, ironically, although by the end of the rest of the European

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season they will have been playing without a break. Whichever way it

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goes, it's going to be difficult for the players. Just to pick up on what

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makes it difficult for the players, it might mean having to rearrange

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English games, for example. Might players be torn between staying here

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and going to the World Cup? As things stand, I do believe that the

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Premier League have not really said how they think it will work out.

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Clearly, what they've been doing is negotiate the position as hard as

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they can for the best period for them, if it is to be moved. For

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example, the Premier League would favour the England players being

:10:03.:10:05.

home for Christmas, in terms of being able to play in the

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traditional fixtures we see in the English Premier League and the

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English leagues generally. In terms of the knock-on effect, I know there

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is concern it won't just affect one season, it will affect the season

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preceding the 20 two and the 2023 season, as well as the following

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season. If you extend it into May and June, the Premier League in

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2023, then you have a knock-on effect into the season after that as

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well. And there is the knock-on effect on the Confederations Cup,

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which is likely to include a lot of players who will be playing in the

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Premier League. No decision in football and sport can be taken in

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isolation, but talk to us more about the logistics behind this decision.

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If the decision is made to move from the summer months to November,

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you've got to square it with all sorts of players. You've got to

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square it with the stakeholders. The most important stakeholders, let's

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face it, and this is football as business, not the players, though

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they talk about it, not the supporters, it's the television

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companies. They pay the big-money. Football for the World Cup, for

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FIFA, is the only product that makes money. They need to bring in the

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money. What I suspect has happened today is Jerome Valcke, making this

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point, is he has squared the American television companies,

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they've done a big television deal with American television companies,

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for whom June and July would have been ideal. They must have said, we

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can move to November, December, that is why he made the statement to

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date. You may say this sounds cynical, modern sport is cynical.

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It's about business. While they talk about supporters, and you need

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supporters in the stadium, you don't want an empty stadium, the big money

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comes from the television companies. Who do you think will be most

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inconvenienced if this move goes ahead? The players will be

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inconvenienced, the supporters might also be. June and July is a

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traditional holiday time. They will have to rearrange things. What will

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happen is the whole league programmes of the Europeans, and the

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Europeans are the dominant force in football, they produce the most of

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the money and the players, how will that fit in? This might have a two

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you impact. Many matches will have to be moved around. Will there be

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the legal process going on while the World Cup is going on? As a

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spectacle, the World Cup needs to be on its own. When the World Cup is

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on, you don't want any other match is going on. This will require a lot

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of planning. And hence we have to stop talking about it now. Mark, do

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you think that even though there are eight years to go, this shift is

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going to happen, not least that for many footballers it would be

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physically impossible or just to wearing to be playing in those

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conditions? Adding to the factors that you just talked about,

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certainly the television companies are a major stakeholder. There is

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one other factor. The International Olympic Committee, the Winter

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Olympics in January 2022 was an option which would have conflicted

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with the Winter Olympics. That is also a big concern, moving the games

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to the suggested period, which I think sounds like it's going to be

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November, December. We speculate, but I think probably you will see

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that happen. You have experienced, as a professional footballer, tell

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us about your hottest matches? As a player for Tranmere, we played a lot

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of matches but not in those conditions. I played in Greece, it

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is very hot. The technology is there for them to ameliorate that. Certain

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sports in certain states are played in air-conditioned stadiums. The

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important thing is the fans are used to travelling to the stadiums in

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those conditions and back. There are what a lot of fans won't have had

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that experience, therefore it is difficult to conceive how they can

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air-conditioned the arm beyond around the stadium and when you are

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travelling to games. Not a done deal, but it sounds as if we're

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moving that way. The former German international Thomas Hitzlsperger

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has revealed that he is gay. The now-retired player is only the

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fourth footballer to have ever come out. He says he wants to promote the

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discussion of homosexuality among professional athletes. A massive

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assault promised by the Iraq government on the city of Fallujah,

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controlled by al-Qaeda linked militants, has yet to take place.

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But the most senior UN official in the country has warned of a critical

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humanitarian situation there, saying more than 5,000 families have fled

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as stocks of food, water and medicine start to run out. Here in

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Britain, an investigation is under way after a US military helicopter

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crashed on the North Norfolk coast last night, killing all four people

:14:58.:15:04.

onboard. It was taking part in a low-flying exercise when it came

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down in marshes near the tiny village of Cley-next-the-Sea.

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Weather records have been broken across America, with all 50 states

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experiencing sub-zero temperatures on Tuesday. The most extreme arctic

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blasts were said to have affected nearly 190 million people. Our

:15:29.:15:30.

correspondent Rajini Vaidyanathan has been to Michigan where a town

:15:31.:15:39.

called Hell has frozen over. This is the road to hell, which

:15:40.:15:45.

again. It is treacherous at the moment. --Hell, Michigan. It is in

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the American midwest. It has felt some of the coldest temperatures in

:15:59.:16:05.

recent days. Around -23 degrees when we arrived. Now with the sun out it

:16:06.:16:12.

has gone up to around -11. But with the wind chill things do feel teeth

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chattering we cold. There is nowhere around. Hell has become a bit of a

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ghost town. The ice cream shop is shut today and the Halloween store

:16:27.:16:33.

is also closed. People are heeding the warnings and staying indoors

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until this frees subsides. -- freeze.

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An inquest in London into the death of a man whose shooting by police

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sparked riots across England has concluded that it was a lawful

:16:53.:16:56.

killing. Riots took place in cities across the country after the

:16:57.:16:58.

shooting of Mark Duggan in the summer of 2011. The inquest jury

:16:59.:17:02.

decided that Duggan did have a gun, but had thrown it away before was

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shot. There were chaotic scenes at the court as the decision was read

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out, as his family reacted with anger. For as long as it takes, God

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give my family strength. Also the whole of our legal team, our friends

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and the people we do not even know that supported us. The majority of

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people in this country know that Mark was executed. We are going to

:17:30.:17:34.

fight until we have no breath in our body for just this for Mark and all

:17:35.:17:44.

of those deaths in custody. No justice, no peace. Well Matt Roger

:17:45.:17:52.

explains why this case is so controversial. In the two and a half

:17:53.:17:56.

years that Mark Duggan 's family have waited this moment, they

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believe that they have been robbed of just this, there comment tonight.

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The police shooting of Mark Duggan had great social impact. What

:18:07.:18:11.

happened after that was that it prompted a protest which sparked

:18:12.:18:15.

riots in Tottenham which led to the worst unrest that had been seen in

:18:16.:18:21.

England for a generation. The jury had to consider a number of

:18:22.:18:24.

questions but it did conclude that Mark Duggan had been lawfully

:18:25.:18:28.

killed. He had been carrying a gun in the minicab on the day he was

:18:29.:18:33.

shot by police but had thrown that gun away, they believe, for police

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fired the fatal shot. -- before. It's the start of the film awards

:18:44.:18:46.

season and today the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, BAFTA,

:18:47.:18:49.

unveiled its annual nominations. The special effects space drama Gravity,

:18:50.:18:52.

starring Sandra Bullock and George Clooney, leads the way. It picked up

:18:53.:18:55.

11 nominations including Best Film and British Film, Original

:18:56.:19:00.

Screenplay and Original Music. With me is the film critic Jason

:19:01.:19:08.

Solomons. This is the great choice. Gravity is spectacle but also soul.

:19:09.:19:15.

It is. It is directed by a Mexican living in the UK so it has this

:19:16.:19:20.

great Latin American, soulful heart. It is about emotions. It is a

:19:21.:19:28.

spectacular movie, a roller-coaster ride in the purest way. But it is

:19:29.:19:34.

also about being human and being connect to to the earth and what

:19:35.:19:37.

makes us human in this battle for technology. I thought it was a fine

:19:38.:19:43.

space movie in the best tradition. It is great to see it rewarded. And

:19:44.:19:51.

it is a UK film. It was made in London. It belongs to the entire

:19:52.:19:58.

world but was made in the UK. And British pride as well to do with the

:19:59.:20:06.

American story, 12 Years A Slave. You could not get more polar

:20:07.:20:09.

opposite films. How to judge which is the better I do not know. That

:20:10.:20:15.

was directed by Steve McQueen and stars of British actor. It is the

:20:16.:20:24.

story of a man being sold into slavery in Georgia in the 1840s. It

:20:25.:20:30.

is a remarkable true story. Pretty harrowing. Pretty severe but almost

:20:31.:20:40.

emotionless. Hollywood might have ramped up the violins. This is kind

:20:41.:20:46.

of severe but also a brilliant story. Dispassionately told. So it

:20:47.:20:53.

is an interesting way of telling it. But also American Hustle is a

:20:54.:20:59.

contender. That looks good, great names. Well it is probably the best

:21:00.:21:08.

fun around. All of the act does, christian bale, Amy Adams, they have

:21:09.:21:15.

been nominated in all of their categories. -- actors. It is a great

:21:16.:21:22.

fun film going back to the disco era. Lots of great music in it. Our

:21:23.:21:33.

goal last year, it tapped into an era. -- Argo. How do you decide

:21:34.:21:48.

which is better? It is really a dark horse. What does this all tell us

:21:49.:21:56.

about British film? There is a lot of it about. What does it say? I

:21:57.:22:04.

think British film is global. It does stories from all over. But

:22:05.:22:08.

where is the British talent, the stories about Britain? That is what

:22:09.:22:18.

should be rewarded in the BAFTAs. I think it is not a good thing for

:22:19.:22:22.

young talent in this country not to see themselves reflect dead at the

:22:23.:22:33.

BAFTAs. -- reflected. And the BAFTA winners will be

:22:34.:22:40.

announced on the 16th of February. Now let's take you from film to

:22:41.:22:43.

music, and another of the emerging artists on the BBC's Sound of 2014

:22:44.:22:47.

new music list. She is Banks, a 25-year-old from LA who started

:22:48.:22:51.

writing songs on a toy piano as a self-confessed broken-hearted teen.

:22:52.:22:55.

After a year on tour, she's preparing to release her debut

:22:56.:23:02.

album. We are at Notting Hill. It is a

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special venue for me. My first show I ever played was at this venue. My

:23:09.:23:21.

first real work trip was in London. I grew so much as a person. My mind

:23:22.:23:26.

and my heart grew all within those three weeks. It became such a

:23:27.:23:32.

milestone in my life. It made sense that my first show would be here. #

:23:33.:23:51.

Love is a waiting game. I grew up in Los Angeles. I started

:23:52.:23:57.

writing around ten years ago. I was 14 or 15. I was just going through a

:23:58.:24:06.

really dark time. And writing just made the most sense to me. Somebody

:24:07.:24:11.

gave me a keyboard and it started just naturally coming out. I have

:24:12.:24:17.

always done it just closed off in my room. Very few people heard those

:24:18.:24:20.

intimate thoughts, both dark thoughts. Just the rawest, purest

:24:21.:24:29.

thought I was having that I put in my music. So now everyone is hearing

:24:30.:24:34.

that and it is a bit scary. But it is amazing, I feel I am human and

:24:35.:24:40.

everyone is human and everyone has both feelings. -- those feelings.

:24:41.:24:59.

# This is what it feels like. I am feeling absolutely overwhelmed,

:25:00.:25:05.

in a good way, about where I am at with my music. I feel I have never

:25:06.:25:11.

been so open. I have always been open, before I was doing it, alone.

:25:12.:25:18.

But now I am opening myself up the most, the most vulnerable parts of

:25:19.:25:25.

me. That is scary but it feels so powerful. I'm just so grateful that

:25:26.:25:29.

so many people are connect to with it. I still cannot believe it!

:25:30.:25:40.

Just time to bring you up-to-date on one of the biggest stories last

:25:41.:25:44.

week. Investigators in France have shed some light on the scheme

:25:45.:25:47.

accident that left Michael Schumacher in a coma. They describe

:25:48.:25:52.

the former Formula one champion as an extremely good skier. They said

:25:53.:25:58.

footage from the camera showed he was skiing well off the piste when

:25:59.:26:02.

he crashed. Our main news tonight. The United Nations children's fund

:26:03.:26:09.

is warning of a humanitarian disaster in the making in the

:26:10.:26:12.

Central African Republic. There are reports of widespread atrocities by

:26:13.:26:16.

both sides in the conflict between Muslim and Christian communities and

:26:17.:26:18.

masses of people have fled the fighting. This week aid agencies

:26:19.:26:24.

have been getting food to some of the million people who have been

:26:25.:26:27.

driven from their homes. The violence is thought to have claimed

:26:28.:26:31.

at least a thousand lives in the last month alone. That is all from

:26:32.:26:42.

the programme. From me and the rest of the team, thank you for watching.

:26:43.:26:57.

Hello. It is fair to say that the weather is less unsettled than it

:26:58.:27:09.

was. But the rain is still in the equation. The latest system has been

:27:10.:27:11.

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