08/01/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. The UN warns of


a humanitarian disaster in the making in the Central African


Republic. Almost half of the population of the capital has fled


in fear of the sectarian violence between Muslim and Christian


militias. There are barely enough international troops to secure this


place. There are certainly not enough to stop the blood-letting in


the capital or countryside beyond. Too hot to play? The Secretary


General of FIFA says 2022 World Cup in Qatar should not be played in the


summer. It is so cold in the United States that Hell has frozen over,


Held, Mitch Ugen. And the film award season in full swing. The space


drama Gravity leads this year's BAFTA nominations.


Hello and welcome. We begin with a special BBC report from inside the


Central African Republic, where the United Nations Children's Fund is


warning of a humanitarian disaster. There've been reports of widespread


atrocities by both sides, in the conflict between Muslim and


Christian communities, and masses of people have fled the fighting. This


week, aid agencies have been getting food to some of the one million


people who've been driven from their homes. The violence is thought to


have claimed at least 1,000 lives in the last month alone. Our


correspondent Paul Wood and cameraman Fred Scott have reached


the capital Bangui and sent us this report.


Dramatic evidence of how the crisis in the Central African Republic is


deepening. In one month this camp has grown to perhaps 1000 people to


100,000. They press right up against the airport runway, hoping the


French troops there will provide a measure of safety. Almost half the


capital of Bangui has fled. These are Christians will stop they told


us that Muslim secular militia have gone house-to-house, killing the


young men. Ellen's son was shot dead in front of her, she tells me. Her


second son was killed with a machete this morning. They'd gone to their


house to get their belongings. Many people had similar stories. The calm


here is deceptive. Last week there was sniping from the perimeter of


the camp which killed three children, including a six-month-old


baby girl. There are barely enough international troops to secure this


place. There are certainly not enough to stop the blood-letting in


the capital or countryside beyond. There is a threat of cholera,


typhoid and, among children, measles. But people are still too


terrified to go home. We are not confident yet. It can be the calm


before the storm, nobody really knows. People are saying to me, if I


have to choose between living in these conditions and my life, I


choose my life. The mainly Muslim militia, accused by Christians of


mass murder. They say they are defending their communities from


Christian vigilantes. Aid workers say the violence is increasingly


neighbour against neighbour. That may be the kind of killing not even


the resignation of a president can stop. In neighbouring South Sudan,


the fighting has also reached crisis point, and the BBC is tonight in


Bentiu in the oil-rich Unity State in the north of the country, where


people are grabbing their belongings and fleeing in their thousands. The


town had been seized by rebels, but now government troops are closing


in. Alastair Leithead is live for us in Bentiu. Tell us what you've


witnessed. Just that, many, many people with all the possessions they


can carry. Children carrying younger children, walking down the road


here, along the dusty tracks. Just outside this UN compound where I am


is actually between the city and where the government troops will be


advancing from. They started the day 40 kilometres or more away. They


were 25 kilometres away some hours ago. The message reached people


here. They grabbed what they could and headed down the road and over


the bridge, a strategic bridge, the only crossing point in about 100


kilometres, where people could then get on beyond the city south if they


need to. We also saw movement of the rebel forces. These are the units of


the militarily who split from the government and have backed the


former vice president. They were seen moving back down the road on


the back of a truck. There was a tank, heavy weapons, lots of


movement and uncertainty, as they move into that city, presumably


waiting for the government troops to arrive. Then people are expecting


them to fight. That could be quite a battle, if the government tried to


move in and take over the city once again. We may have more from you


tomorrow, thank you very much. It looks like the 2022 football World


Cup in Qatar will not be at the usual time of June and July, but


will be shifted to November, December and January, when the


searing heat simmers down to more acceptable levels for the players.


It's a decision that could affect football seasons across Europe and


beyond. But we can't confirm the move for you yet, as our reporter


Chris Mitchell explains. Since December 2010, when Qatar was


awarded the right to stage the tournament, it seems everyone in


world football has had their say on when the World Cup should be


played. On Wednesday it was the turn FIFAgeneral secretary, Jerome


Valcke. TRANSLATION: The dates for the World


Cup will not be June July. To be honest, I think it will be held


between the 15th of November and the 15th of January at the latest. If


you play between the 15th of November and the end of December,


that's the time when the weather conditions are best. When you can


play in temperature is equivalent to a warm spring season in Europe,


averaging 25 degrees. That would be perfect for playing football.


It appears Jerome Valcke may have overstepped the mark. FIFA certainly


reacted swiftly to his comments. The precise events dates are still


subject to an ongoing consultation process, they said. They insist no


decision will be made until after the World Cup in Brazil, which ends


on July 13. What we are seeing our talks between Sheik Salman Butt


Isner commission for FIFA, and the Premier League and the other


big-league, the advertisers and sponsors are all getting involved in


this, to see how a practical solution can be found. That will go


on for some time, through to March or April this year, then they decide


the international calendar, and we could -- we should hear in December


on the outcome. Qatar won the bid with traditional summer dates in


their proposal. But soon after that, doctors, including the chairman of


FIFA's medical committee, said the risks to supporters attending the


event were too great, with temperatures reaching as high as 50


Celsius in June or July. FIFA's vice president said he was totally


surprised at Jerome Valcke's statement, and confirmed the


decision had to be taken by FIFA's executive committee. The organising


committee in Qatar said regardless of the outcome of the consultation,


they will be ready to host the World Cup, whatever the dates. Joining me


from Southampton on the south coast of England is Mark Palios. He's a


former chief executive of the English Football Association, the


FA. And with me in the studio is the sports writer and broadcaster Mihir


Bose. Thinking about this, Mark, if we can come to you first. What will


this mean for football? A decision to move the World Cup in Qatar would


have such a knock-on effect for the English Premier League, as well as


many others. I would say that the impetus around to changing the


timing of the World Cup, or the suggested change, from the summer to


the winter months, whilst the welfare of the players was taken


into account, it is one side of the argument that the Qataris would be


able to put insufficient air-conditioning around stadiums and


training pictures, so it wouldn't dramatically affect the players. I


believe the concerns of the medical committee chairman was centred more


around the fans than the players. Having said that, for players


themselves, they will probably go into a World Cup, certainly for the


guys who play in the European leagues, in better physical


conditions, ironically, although by the end of the rest of the European


season they will have been playing without a break. Whichever way it


goes, it's going to be difficult for the players. Just to pick up on what


makes it difficult for the players, it might mean having to rearrange


English games, for example. Might players be torn between staying here


and going to the World Cup? As things stand, I do believe that the


Premier League have not really said how they think it will work out.


Clearly, what they've been doing is negotiate the position as hard as


they can for the best period for them, if it is to be moved. For


example, the Premier League would favour the England players being


home for Christmas, in terms of being able to play in the


traditional fixtures we see in the English Premier League and the


English leagues generally. In terms of the knock-on effect, I know there


is concern it won't just affect one season, it will affect the season


preceding the 20 two and the 2023 season, as well as the following


season. If you extend it into May and June, the Premier League in


2023, then you have a knock-on effect into the season after that as


well. And there is the knock-on effect on the Confederations Cup,


which is likely to include a lot of players who will be playing in the


Premier League. No decision in football and sport can be taken in


isolation, but talk to us more about the logistics behind this decision.


If the decision is made to move from the summer months to November,


you've got to square it with all sorts of players. You've got to


square it with the stakeholders. The most important stakeholders, let's


face it, and this is football as business, not the players, though


they talk about it, not the supporters, it's the television


companies. They pay the big-money. Football for the World Cup, for


FIFA, is the only product that makes money. They need to bring in the


money. What I suspect has happened today is Jerome Valcke, making this


point, is he has squared the American television companies,


they've done a big television deal with American television companies,


for whom June and July would have been ideal. They must have said, we


can move to November, December, that is why he made the statement to


date. You may say this sounds cynical, modern sport is cynical.


It's about business. While they talk about supporters, and you need


supporters in the stadium, you don't want an empty stadium, the big money


comes from the television companies. Who do you think will be most


inconvenienced if this move goes ahead? The players will be


inconvenienced, the supporters might also be. June and July is a


traditional holiday time. They will have to rearrange things. What will


happen is the whole league programmes of the Europeans, and the


Europeans are the dominant force in football, they produce the most of


the money and the players, how will that fit in? This might have a two


you impact. Many matches will have to be moved around. Will there be


the legal process going on while the World Cup is going on? As a


spectacle, the World Cup needs to be on its own. When the World Cup is


on, you don't want any other match is going on. This will require a lot


of planning. And hence we have to stop talking about it now. Mark, do


you think that even though there are eight years to go, this shift is


going to happen, not least that for many footballers it would be


physically impossible or just to wearing to be playing in those


conditions? Adding to the factors that you just talked about,


certainly the television companies are a major stakeholder. There is


one other factor. The International Olympic Committee, the Winter


Olympics in January 2022 was an option which would have conflicted


with the Winter Olympics. That is also a big concern, moving the games


to the suggested period, which I think sounds like it's going to be


November, December. We speculate, but I think probably you will see


that happen. You have experienced, as a professional footballer, tell


us about your hottest matches? As a player for Tranmere, we played a lot


of matches but not in those conditions. I played in Greece, it


is very hot. The technology is there for them to ameliorate that. Certain


sports in certain states are played in air-conditioned stadiums. The


important thing is the fans are used to travelling to the stadiums in


those conditions and back. There are what a lot of fans won't have had


that experience, therefore it is difficult to conceive how they can


air-conditioned the arm beyond around the stadium and when you are


travelling to games. Not a done deal, but it sounds as if we're


moving that way. The former German international Thomas Hitzlsperger


has revealed that he is gay. The now-retired player is only the


fourth footballer to have ever come out. He says he wants to promote the


discussion of homosexuality among professional athletes. A massive


assault promised by the Iraq government on the city of Fallujah,


controlled by al-Qaeda linked militants, has yet to take place.


But the most senior UN official in the country has warned of a critical


humanitarian situation there, saying more than 5,000 families have fled


as stocks of food, water and medicine start to run out. Here in


Britain, an investigation is under way after a US military helicopter


crashed on the North Norfolk coast last night, killing all four people


onboard. It was taking part in a low-flying exercise when it came


down in marshes near the tiny village of Cley-next-the-Sea.


Weather records have been broken across America, with all 50 states


experiencing sub-zero temperatures on Tuesday. The most extreme arctic


blasts were said to have affected nearly 190 million people. Our


correspondent Rajini Vaidyanathan has been to Michigan where a town


called Hell has frozen over. This is the road to hell, which


again. It is treacherous at the moment. --Hell, Michigan. It is in


the American midwest. It has felt some of the coldest temperatures in


recent days. Around -23 degrees when we arrived. Now with the sun out it


has gone up to around -11. But with the wind chill things do feel teeth


chattering we cold. There is nowhere around. Hell has become a bit of a


ghost town. The ice cream shop is shut today and the Halloween store


is also closed. People are heeding the warnings and staying indoors


until this frees subsides. -- freeze.


An inquest in London into the death of a man whose shooting by police


sparked riots across England has concluded that it was a lawful


killing. Riots took place in cities across the country after the


shooting of Mark Duggan in the summer of 2011. The inquest jury


decided that Duggan did have a gun, but had thrown it away before was


shot. There were chaotic scenes at the court as the decision was read


out, as his family reacted with anger. For as long as it takes, God


give my family strength. Also the whole of our legal team, our friends


and the people we do not even know that supported us. The majority of


people in this country know that Mark was executed. We are going to


fight until we have no breath in our body for just this for Mark and all


of those deaths in custody. No justice, no peace. Well Matt Roger


explains why this case is so controversial. In the two and a half


years that Mark Duggan 's family have waited this moment, they


believe that they have been robbed of just this, there comment tonight.


The police shooting of Mark Duggan had great social impact. What


happened after that was that it prompted a protest which sparked


riots in Tottenham which led to the worst unrest that had been seen in


England for a generation. The jury had to consider a number of


questions but it did conclude that Mark Duggan had been lawfully


killed. He had been carrying a gun in the minicab on the day he was


shot by police but had thrown that gun away, they believe, for police


fired the fatal shot. -- before. It's the start of the film awards


season and today the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, BAFTA,


unveiled its annual nominations. The special effects space drama Gravity,


starring Sandra Bullock and George Clooney, leads the way. It picked up


11 nominations including Best Film and British Film, Original


Screenplay and Original Music. With me is the film critic Jason


Solomons. This is the great choice. Gravity is spectacle but also soul.


It is. It is directed by a Mexican living in the UK so it has this


great Latin American, soulful heart. It is about emotions. It is a


spectacular movie, a roller-coaster ride in the purest way. But it is


also about being human and being connect to to the earth and what


makes us human in this battle for technology. I thought it was a fine


space movie in the best tradition. It is great to see it rewarded. And


it is a UK film. It was made in London. It belongs to the entire


world but was made in the UK. And British pride as well to do with the


American story, 12 Years A Slave. You could not get more polar


opposite films. How to judge which is the better I do not know. That


was directed by Steve McQueen and stars of British actor. It is the


story of a man being sold into slavery in Georgia in the 1840s. It


is a remarkable true story. Pretty harrowing. Pretty severe but almost


emotionless. Hollywood might have ramped up the violins. This is kind


of severe but also a brilliant story. Dispassionately told. So it


is an interesting way of telling it. But also American Hustle is a


contender. That looks good, great names. Well it is probably the best


fun around. All of the act does, christian bale, Amy Adams, they have


been nominated in all of their categories. -- actors. It is a great


fun film going back to the disco era. Lots of great music in it. Our


goal last year, it tapped into an era. -- Argo. How do you decide


which is better? It is really a dark horse. What does this all tell us


about British film? There is a lot of it about. What does it say? I


think British film is global. It does stories from all over. But


where is the British talent, the stories about Britain? That is what


should be rewarded in the BAFTAs. I think it is not a good thing for


young talent in this country not to see themselves reflect dead at the


BAFTAs. -- reflected. And the BAFTA winners will be


announced on the 16th of February. Now let's take you from film to


music, and another of the emerging artists on the BBC's Sound of 2014


new music list. She is Banks, a 25-year-old from LA who started


writing songs on a toy piano as a self-confessed broken-hearted teen.


After a year on tour, she's preparing to release her debut


album. We are at Notting Hill. It is a


special venue for me. My first show I ever played was at this venue. My


first real work trip was in London. I grew so much as a person. My mind


and my heart grew all within those three weeks. It became such a


milestone in my life. It made sense that my first show would be here. #


Love is a waiting game. I grew up in Los Angeles. I started


writing around ten years ago. I was 14 or 15. I was just going through a


really dark time. And writing just made the most sense to me. Somebody


gave me a keyboard and it started just naturally coming out. I have


always done it just closed off in my room. Very few people heard those


intimate thoughts, both dark thoughts. Just the rawest, purest


thought I was having that I put in my music. So now everyone is hearing


that and it is a bit scary. But it is amazing, I feel I am human and


everyone is human and everyone has both feelings. -- those feelings.


# This is what it feels like. I am feeling absolutely overwhelmed,


in a good way, about where I am at with my music. I feel I have never


been so open. I have always been open, before I was doing it, alone.


But now I am opening myself up the most, the most vulnerable parts of


me. That is scary but it feels so powerful. I'm just so grateful that


so many people are connect to with it. I still cannot believe it!


Just time to bring you up-to-date on one of the biggest stories last


week. Investigators in France have shed some light on the scheme


accident that left Michael Schumacher in a coma. They describe


the former Formula one champion as an extremely good skier. They said


footage from the camera showed he was skiing well off the piste when


he crashed. Our main news tonight. The United Nations children's fund


is warning of a humanitarian disaster in the making in the


Central African Republic. There are reports of widespread atrocities by


both sides in the conflict between Muslim and Christian communities and


masses of people have fled the fighting. This week aid agencies


have been getting food to some of the million people who have been


driven from their homes. The violence is thought to have claimed


at least a thousand lives in the last month alone. That is all from


the programme. From me and the rest of the team, thank you for watching.


Hello. It is fair to say that the weather is less unsettled than it


was. But the rain is still in the equation. The latest system has been


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