09/01/2014 World News Today


09/01/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.

:00:09.:00:14.

In South Sudan, thousands of civilians flee a key town as

:00:15.:00:17.

government troops prepare to attack rebel soldiers in control of the

:00:18.:00:20.

area. Many are crowding into the UN

:00:21.:00:22.

compound in Bentiu in the oil-rich Unity State.

:00:23.:00:26.

We look at the balance of power between government and rebel forces.

:00:27.:00:32.

Create traffic mayhem to punish a political rival. New Jersey's

:00:33.:00:37.

Governor Chris Christie says sorry for the actions last year of his

:00:38.:00:42.

deputy chief of staff. IM embarrassed and humiliated by the

:00:43.:00:48.

conduct of some of the people on my team.

:00:49.:00:59.

And the reality behind the headlines of the young binge drinkers. Why the

:01:00.:01:02.

rise of the young non-drinkers is making them seem pretty sober

:01:03.:01:07.

compared to older people. And find out about the latest rising music

:01:08.:01:11.

star in our list of movers and shakers, the ones to watch in 2014.

:01:12.:01:26.

Hello and welcome. There doesn't seem to be much unity in Unity State

:01:27.:01:35.

these days in South Sudan. Its capital Bentiu is the latest battle

:01:36.:01:38.

ground in the vicious struggle for power between President Salva Kiir

:01:39.:01:41.

and his rival, the former deputy president Riek Machar. Now

:01:42.:01:46.

government troops are advancing towards Bentiu whilst the rebels

:01:47.:01:49.

seem to have withdrawn from the front line, apparently destroying

:01:50.:01:52.

ammunition they can't take with them. In a moment we'll be assessing

:01:53.:01:55.

the balance of military strength on the ground between the two warring

:01:56.:01:58.

sides with a former adviser on African affairs to the National

:01:59.:02:01.

Security Council in the US. First, this report.

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People in South Sudan know when trouble is coming. They have been

:02:12.:02:15.

running from war for decades. This dusty town is the capital of a state

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rich in oil and rebel held, but even the soldiers who have switched sides

:02:24.:02:28.

know that the wind is changing. Thousands fled here to the safety of

:02:29.:02:34.

the UN compound, where the town fell two weeks ago, when which tribe you

:02:35.:02:38.

were from suddenly became a question of life or death. They come in our

:02:39.:02:47.

home in the night. When we replied to the questions, they started

:02:48.:02:51.

shooting. They have food and clean water, but supplies are short. It is

:02:52.:02:58.

no place for a baby to be born. I am worried about fighting and I am

:02:59.:03:02.

worried about staying here. How long will we stay here? And the fighting

:03:03.:03:08.

is humming to Bentiu again. The front line suddenly shifted. We

:03:09.:03:12.

thought the battle had begun all stop but this was the rebels,

:03:13.:03:20.

destroying ammunition they could not retreat with. More people in need of

:03:21.:03:25.

help. But with food running low here, the UN decided to take a risk.

:03:26.:03:31.

A mission in the town, to fetch supplies from a warehouse, as

:03:32.:03:36.

civilians continue to flee. This is a compound in the centre of Bentiu.

:03:37.:03:41.

They came here to pick up food to take to the camp before fighting

:03:42.:03:45.

started. Overnight, more than 1000 people came into this compound to

:03:46.:03:51.

try and get shelter for the -- from the fighting, and now they have

:03:52.:03:55.

become the priority. The UN is going to take these people and get them

:03:56.:03:59.

out, hopefully before the fighting starts. With gunfire already heard

:04:00.:04:04.

nearby, they have to move fast. There is never enough time when an

:04:05.:04:12.

opportunity like this comes long, and they took what they could and

:04:13.:04:16.

will return for the rest. They reached the camp safely, but a

:04:17.:04:20.

mission for food brought only more people. The historical rift between

:04:21.:04:27.

tribes has been reopened by this crisis. While talks about peace

:04:28.:04:30.

going nowhere, the fear is that more fighting will come.

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Cameron Hudson until recently advised the National Security

:04:40.:04:42.

Council on Africa. He's now Policy Director at the Centre for the

:04:43.:04:44.

Prevention of Genocide in Washington.

:04:45.:04:50.

He joins us now. First of all, give us a brief overview of the relative

:04:51.:04:55.

strength of the two warring factions, President Kiir and Riek

:04:56.:05:02.

Machar. It is interesting, because we are seeing the forces of Riek

:05:03.:05:07.

Machar being the forces of the government as well, forces that left

:05:08.:05:12.

the government and align themselves with Riek Machar, so it is really

:05:13.:05:16.

two parts of the same Army. Riek Machar has been augmented by rebel

:05:17.:05:24.

forces of his ethnic group. There has been some forced conscription

:05:25.:05:29.

and soldier virtue -- recruitment of children that we have heard about.

:05:30.:05:35.

One side probably contains more heavy artillery will stop the

:05:36.:05:41.

government -- artillery. The government probably has more

:05:42.:05:44.

artillery and can reinforce their positions, whereas the rebels

:05:45.:05:50.

cannot. The order of battle is roughly equivalent, which is why we

:05:51.:05:54.

have seen certain key cities change hands in the course of the fighting

:05:55.:05:58.

over the last three weeks. What about the discipline? You say Riek

:05:59.:06:04.

Machar has got people from the Army, but can it operate as a disciplined

:06:05.:06:14.

side? He has shown that he can and he has shown that he can take

:06:15.:06:18.

territory and hold it, which suggests he has a certain degree of

:06:19.:06:22.

command and control over those troops right now. I think the answer

:06:23.:06:27.

is, yes, he can do that, but for how long? He has a difficult time

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sustaining himself. It is not clear that he is getting outside support.

:06:33.:06:35.

President Bashir came down this weekend I just support to Kiir, not

:06:36.:06:43.

the rebels. If Riek Machar is cut off from outside assistance, there

:06:44.:06:46.

is only so long his forces will be able to sustain this onslaught. A

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characteristic of the conflict in South Sudan, and also other parts of

:06:53.:06:56.

Africa that we have seen, is that civilians are terrorized as part of

:06:57.:07:01.

the conflict. The competing ethnic groups. How far does that worry

:07:02.:07:06.

you? It is terribly concerning. We have seen some reporting of gross

:07:07.:07:11.

human rights abuses and allegations of crime against humanity and war

:07:12.:07:15.

crimes being committed by both sides. One of the problems that the

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international community faces right now is that we have a graduated 78

:07:19.:07:25.

workers that would normally be able to bear witness to these kinds of

:07:26.:07:31.

crimes. -- evacuated aid workers. We do not have a sense of what is going

:07:32.:07:36.

on in these key cities where fighting is occurring. I think it

:07:37.:07:40.

will be after the fact, when others are able to access these areas, that

:07:41.:07:43.

we are really going to find out the true scale and scope of the

:07:44.:07:50.

conflict. Do you think this battle can be won on the battlefield? You

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feel too much blood has passed? I think that there will be a

:07:56.:08:01.

negotiated solution at some point. The battlefield fighting going on

:08:02.:08:04.

right now is, I think, a demonstration of a posturing that is

:08:05.:08:10.

going on at peace talks that are happening right now. I think it will

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take several more weeks of fighting. Unfortunately, the

:08:15.:08:17.

international community has been weighing very heavily on both sides

:08:18.:08:22.

to engage more heavily in the peace talks. There has been a loss of

:08:23.:08:26.

posturing. Leaders right now are choosing to fight rather than talk.

:08:27.:08:31.

-- a lot of posturing. That won't happen until there is a decisive

:08:32.:08:35.

shift of the military balance on the ground. I do not see that happening

:08:36.:08:40.

in the immediate future. Thank you so much for joining us.

:08:41.:08:49.

A senior Pakistani police official has been killed in a Taliban suicide

:08:50.:08:55.

attempt in Karachi. He was well-known for campaigning against

:08:56.:08:58.

Taliban militants and had survived several previous attempts on his

:08:59.:09:02.

life. A car carrying explosives smashed into his convoy.

:09:03.:09:08.

Two media's Islamist Prime Minister has announced he is stepping down to

:09:09.:09:12.

hand over power to a caretaker administration. The interim

:09:13.:09:16.

government will lead the country into fresh elections. His

:09:17.:09:19.

resignation as part of a deal with the opposition to the country's

:09:20.:09:24.

transition democracy back on track. A tycoon who is accused of

:09:25.:09:29.

multibillion-dollar fraud is facing extradition from France, but it is

:09:30.:09:34.

not yet clear where he will be sent. He is wanted by Patrick Stamm,

:09:35.:09:39.

Russia and Ukraine and allegations that the stroll up to $6 billion

:09:40.:09:44.

from his former bank, which operated in all three countries. -- that he

:09:45.:09:51.

stole. For him at 75 years, a German war

:09:52.:09:56.

planes layette the bottom of the sea of the south coast of England. --

:09:57.:10:00.

late at. It is believed that the last remaining Dornier aircraft is

:10:01.:10:09.

being restored. It looks like a crumpled wreck, but

:10:10.:10:17.

gradually, every part of the last remaining Dornier bomber is being

:10:18.:10:24.

brought back to life. The engine is beginning to look recognisable

:10:25.:10:26.

again. The barnacles and seaweed washed away by citric acid, simple

:10:27.:10:37.

lemon juice. Cleaning the aircraft is a labour-intensive job. The wreck

:10:38.:10:39.

had been covered in tonnes of sand and Marine debris. It will be at

:10:40.:10:50.

least two years before the craft can begin to be rebuilt. We put the

:10:51.:10:54.

subject at that onto the metal. The problem is, it is like cement left

:10:55.:11:00.

by the life, and that is stopping the liquid getting to the metal

:11:01.:11:03.

surface. We are trying to mechanically remove it with a tool

:11:04.:11:08.

that is softer than metal. It was lifted out of the English channel

:11:09.:11:13.

six months ago, virtually intact. The winds were later removed for the

:11:14.:11:17.

journey by road to the RAF Museum's conservation centre of top it is

:11:18.:11:25.

thought the plane was shot down in 1940, when it went to hit the water

:11:26.:11:31.

and it tipped onto its back before sinking on the Goodwin Sands of the

:11:32.:11:34.

Kent coast. Two of the crew survived, to others died. The

:11:35.:11:45.

Dornier 17 attacked British cities in the Battle of Britain. They went

:11:46.:11:50.

out of service in the mid-1940s, and it was thought that none had

:11:51.:11:57.

survived. The Dornier was nicknamed the flying principal -- Flying

:11:58.:12:02.

Pencil, and when you are crunching inside it, you can see why. There

:12:03.:12:06.

would have been four crew members crammed inside this narrow space.

:12:07.:12:11.

Eventually, it will be rebuilt here inside the Museum's workshop, but

:12:12.:12:16.

there is plenty of work ahead, and funding to be found, before the

:12:17.:12:20.

plane will be ready to go on show at the RAF Museum in London.

:12:21.:12:29.

As far as political embarrassments go, this must rank as one of the

:12:30.:12:37.

more serious and improbable. The Governor Chris Christie has been

:12:38.:12:46.

involved in a scandal involving traffic. Mr Christie said emails and

:12:47.:12:51.

texts revealed that his deputy chief of staff, Bridget Kelly, had ordered

:12:52.:12:54.

lane closures on the George Washington bridge between New Jersey

:12:55.:12:57.

and New York causing severe tailbacks. Mr Christie said he felt

:12:58.:13:03.

embarrassed and humiliated. All of the people who were affected

:13:04.:13:09.

by this conduct deserved this apology. I need to apologise to them

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for my failure as the governor of this state to understand the true

:13:18.:13:30.

nature of this problem. I now understand the true nature of the

:13:31.:13:34.

problem, and I have taken the following action as a result. This

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morning, I have terminated the employment of Bridget Kelly,

:13:39.:13:44.

effective immediately. I have terminated her employment because

:13:45.:13:48.

she lied to me. That was Governor Chris Christie. Chris Christie is

:13:49.:13:52.

one of the leading lights in the Republican camp. The heavy weight,

:13:53.:14:03.

tough talking Republican governor burst onto the national scene in

:14:04.:14:11.

2009. He unseated Democrat incumbent Jon Corzine in the deeply democratic

:14:12.:14:15.

state of New Jersey. He was urged to enter the Republican race for

:14:16.:14:18.

presidential candidate ahead of the 2012 election, but declined. It's

:14:19.:14:21.

expected he may run for presidential candidate in 2016, but what will be

:14:22.:14:24.

the impact of this scandal? Beth McLeod is in Washington. How

:14:25.:14:28.

damaging is this to his to hopes for 2016? He did say that the buck

:14:29.:14:39.

stopped with him. He apologised to the people of New Jersey for what

:14:40.:14:44.

happened, but he maintained that he did not know anything about it. He

:14:45.:14:49.

said he has taken strong action by finding one of his key aides,

:14:50.:14:57.

Bridget Kelly. In terms of whether it affects him, it is difficult to

:14:58.:15:08.

say. There are questions over how much... He is renowned for running a

:15:09.:15:13.

pretty tight ship, for micromanaging. There are questions

:15:14.:15:16.

over how much he knew. If he did not know anything, questions remain

:15:17.:15:20.

about what sort of political culture he is presiding over and those

:15:21.:15:25.

questions could come back to haunt him. He has always presented self as

:15:26.:15:34.

a bipartisan candidate, the guy who appeals to everybody. Yes, and at a

:15:35.:15:45.

time of huge partisan bickering in Washington, that is seen as

:15:46.:15:48.

something which could be very appealing to voters. He won the

:15:49.:15:56.

governorship in the democratic state of New Jersey. The fact that he was

:15:57.:16:16.

seen to strip to the -- to a political vendetta will not go in

:16:17.:16:27.

his favour. We've heard lots of reports about

:16:28.:16:30.

binge-drinkers here in the UK. Well, now let us tell you about the rise

:16:31.:16:34.

of the young non-drinkers. In fact, the number of young people who drink

:16:35.:16:38.

has been on the decline for years. And drug-use figures are also going

:16:39.:16:41.

down. We will be discussing this in a moment as well as looking at the

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picture in Europe. First, BBC Asian Network presenter and non-drinker

:16:46.:16:48.

Yasser Ranjha has been looking at the reasons behind the drop in

:16:49.:16:52.

alcohol consumption. These are the images we are used to

:16:53.:16:57.

seeing when it comes to young British drinkers. Statistics show a

:16:58.:17:00.

growing group of young people are not drinking at all. In 2001, 20 6%

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of young people said they had drunk in the last week. In 2011, that had

:17:08.:17:13.

gone down to just 12%. There has also been a big reduction and the

:17:14.:17:19.

number of them that have ever drunk. Ethnicity is also a factor in this.

:17:20.:17:23.

There is a growing group of young people that do not drink for

:17:24.:17:28.

cultural or religious reasons. Also, as a result of this trend, alcohol

:17:29.:17:33.

free bar as are springing up across the UK. These young people are all

:17:34.:17:41.

non-drinkers. They told me five. It is against my religion and I think

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it is wrong in society. I am confident as a person so I do not

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rely on alcohol. You do not need to be out of your mind to enjoy

:17:52.:17:57.

yourself. We do things that do not involve alcohol. Nowadays, people go

:17:58.:18:02.

out to hang out rather than to get drunk. It is the perception of a

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previous generation. These statistics do not mean we could do

:18:08.:18:11.

away with the generation of booze Britain. Every week, I am surrounded

:18:12.:18:16.

by heavy drinking when I am working as a DJ.

:18:17.:18:28.

With me is Andrew Brown. He's director of programmes with a

:18:29.:18:30.

charity called Mentor which tries to protect young people from alcohol

:18:31.:18:32.

and drugs. This is good news, but we cannot

:18:33.:18:39.

afford to be complacent? Not at all. It is genuinely good news that young

:18:40.:18:45.

people are drinking less. But if we look at Europe, a recent report from

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the world health organisation found that we were amongst the top ten

:18:53.:18:56.

countries in the OECD in terms of early drunkenness and we still drink

:18:57.:19:02.

a huge amount. Children are drinking far too much. There is still a kind

:19:03.:19:10.

of hard-core of young people who are still drinking a great deal?

:19:11.:19:20.

Exactly. An average 15 -year-old, if they are drinking, they are likely

:19:21.:19:23.

to drinking about a bottle of wine a week which is a huge amount. There

:19:24.:19:29.

are figures for liver cirrhosis in young people and they seem to have

:19:30.:19:36.

gone up by great deal. Yes, liver specialists I have spoken to are

:19:37.:19:39.

really worried about young people's drinking. They do not necessarily

:19:40.:19:48.

get to see the better news like this. Are there any other factors

:19:49.:20:04.

involved? We know that price, availability and the marketing of it

:20:05.:20:07.

makes a difference. For me, the things that seem to be changing our

:20:08.:20:11.

parental involvement in young people's lives, we have seen bigger

:20:12.:20:26.

increases in retailers being careful about who they sell alcohol to and

:20:27.:20:31.

also the way that police deal with young drinkers.

:20:32.:20:40.

We have been looking at alcohol figures, but this also says that

:20:41.:20:47.

drug use has also gone down. Your charity tries to dissuade young

:20:48.:20:51.

people from taking drugs and drinking. We are working in Scotland

:20:52.:21:05.

with young prisoners, looking at how alcohol has affected their lives. We

:21:06.:21:10.

work with them around what they will do when they are released and how

:21:11.:21:14.

alcohol might affect their behaviour and make sure they are prepared for

:21:15.:21:18.

that. We have done some work in London recently around the links

:21:19.:21:26.

between young people and crime and alcohol.

:21:27.:21:33.

And drugs, quite different, they are criminal act if you take illegal

:21:34.:21:38.

drugs. Yes, although that does not seem to be the reason why people are

:21:39.:21:44.

not taking drugs. I do not think they consider the law when making

:21:45.:21:48.

those decisions. Other stuff must be going on. And it seems to be going

:21:49.:21:54.

on across Western Europe as well as drug and alcohol use is broadly down

:21:55.:22:02.

across Europe. Some exceptions, in France, it seems daunting by young

:22:03.:22:05.

people is going up. But broadly speaking, a more optimistic

:22:06.:22:16.

picture. And people like you setting a good example. I many teenagers do

:22:17.:22:21.

you have? Just one at the minute. Thank you.

:22:22.:22:28.

Now for more on our series of emerging artists from our Sound of

:22:29.:22:31.

2014 new music list. The list of rising stars to watch in the year

:22:32.:22:35.

ahead was compiled using tips from more than 170 music critics, DJs and

:22:36.:22:39.

bloggers. This year's second place goes to 19-year-old singer

:22:40.:22:43.

songwriter Ella Eyre. The Londoner is already known on the music scene

:22:44.:22:52.

for her collaborations with Rudimental and Wiz Khalifa. She

:22:53.:22:52.

released her EP Deeper at the end of 2013. BBC News caught up with her at

:22:53.:22:57.

London Zoo to talk about music, nominations and lions.

:22:58.:23:07.

It's quite -- It's nice to be here. Now I can

:23:08.:23:24.

appreciate them. Me and a friend of mine, we used to come here a lot, it

:23:25.:23:26.

was our favourite place. My mum always used to compare me to

:23:27.:23:31.

a lion. I like to think of a lion as my

:23:32.:23:42.

alter ego because when you think about lions, you think about

:23:43.:23:44.

loyalty, fierceness, passion and pride. I guess that's how I would

:23:45.:23:49.

like my music to be related to. In a way, my music is quite honest.

:23:50.:24:01.

Everything I write about is personal experiences. It can be brutal. It's

:24:02.:24:12.

passionate as well. And vulnerable as well. I wouldn't describe my

:24:13.:24:16.

music as being in one particular genre. The best part about writing

:24:17.:24:19.

and about experimental music is you can take influences from a lot of

:24:20.:24:24.

places. I think it's soul based, but it's got influences of pop, R and

:24:25.:24:30.

Motown. But it's quite loud and beefy.

:24:31.:24:36.

I'm going to call that lion Eddie because it reminds me of my cat.

:24:37.:24:42.

There's one that looks at me, like, what do you want? Everyone is quite

:24:43.:24:46.

chilled out, like I do this for a living, it's cool.

:24:47.:24:54.

I was actually a swimmer, a competitive swimmer, until I was 11.

:24:55.:25:01.

Then I got into drama and singing happened naturally after that. But I

:25:02.:25:07.

did not start taking it seriously till I was 16.

:25:08.:25:12.

Performing is the best part of what I do. It's the part where I get to

:25:13.:25:19.

be intimate with the audience and interact with them. I enjoy the

:25:20.:25:26.

writing because it's a personal thing, like a counselling session.

:25:27.:25:31.

I'm not very good at talking to people about my problems, so it is

:25:32.:25:35.

easier to write them down. It's a scary industry. It's not something

:25:36.:25:39.

you can get used to. I'm just learning about it now, in terms of

:25:40.:25:43.

twitter and the things you can say without being screamed at by fans.

:25:44.:25:50.

It's important to remember that if you do do well, you are a role model

:25:51.:25:53.

for people. The American Jazz musician Herbie

:25:54.:26:10.

Hancock has been named as a Professor of Poetry at Harvard

:26:11.:26:13.

University. The position, which is awarded each year, will involve

:26:14.:26:16.

delivering six lectures on the ethics of jazz. Among his topics,

:26:17.:26:19.

the wisdom of Miles Davis. He says he wants to share his understanding

:26:20.:26:23.

of the essential values in jazz and the values of Buddhism.

:26:24.:26:31.

Cuba's former president, Fidel Castro, has appeared in public for

:26:32.:26:35.

the first time in nine months. He attended the opening of an arts

:26:36.:26:47.

studio on Wednesday night. That is all from the programme. Good night.

:26:48.:26:49.

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