15/01/2014 World News Today


15/01/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas. An epidemic of

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child abuse, online and to order. Our report uncovers widespread sex

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abuse and the Philippines. It is an industry driven by poverty and the

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local police say the abusers in the Philippines are often the victim's

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families, working for paedophiles abroad. The pattern from the other

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side of the world gives the orders. More than $2 billion was raised to

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help Syrian refugees at an international donor conference.

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There are warnings much more help is needed.

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They say they will stay put until the Prime Minister goes. The

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continued protests in Thailand. The government say the general election

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will go ahead as planned. And should the trike's artworks be sold? --

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Detroit's. Hello and welcome.

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We begin with a special investigation into webcam sex

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tourism which reveals shocking details about the skill of the

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industry. Last year the BBC's Angus Crawford reported on a sting

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operation in which a computer-generated image of a child

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in the Philippines, and image cold-macro one, was used to expose

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thousands of paedophiles. No Angus reports from the Philippines were

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real children are being abused. You may find some of his report

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disturbing. This street holds a secret. It

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children were sexually abused and raped by their own family. The

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children were -- room where police say the abuse was broadcast by

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webcam to foreign paedophiles. This British man, Timothy Ford, directed

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the abuse from his home in the UK. The police raid in the Philippines

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last year sparked by what was found on Timothy Ford's computer. He was

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sent to prison for 8.5 years. 12 children, the youngest to survive,

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were taken into care. Some of the children are now back in the

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community. Her parents are still in jail. -- the youngest, just five.

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Ford plan to buy a house and open Internet cafe here, for him and

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other paedophiles to use. But we have discovered that Ford is just

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one of thousands. They call it cybersex. We travelled across the

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Philippines and found some neighbourhoods have been virtually

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taken over by it. The abuse of children online has become an

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industry, driven by poverty. The families are involved in this

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business. This is in the south of the country.

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It has become notorious for this kind of crime. This is, in effect,

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the epicentre of the cybersex industry. It takes place in rooms,

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in houses around here, undercover. All they need is a laptop and a

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USB. One recent survey showed that 80 houses were involved here with

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the families check -- selling their children for sex online. This kind

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of webcam abuse has become rooted in the culture here and local charities

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find it difficult to convince families of the harm it causes. The

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client from the other part of the globe gives the instruction to touch

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this and touched that, kids this and gives that. And even send sex toys

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to these children so that they can use them. It is amiss -- a myth that

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there is no touching. Some of the birds are relatives are the ones

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touching them. A couple of streets away another home raided an entity.

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A two-year-old was rescued here. But some -- it is something no one wants

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to talk about. How do I know when their house is closed? I did not get

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inside their house and see what they were doing. This is where our

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children live. Some children to escape the abuse. Here to a shelter

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where they can start to recover. They feel small and dirty about

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themselves. Many are deeply traumatised, some of -- talk of

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seeing on the computer screen, the man paying them to be touched.

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Thousands of children are thought to be victims of online sexual

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exploitation. At least now police here and around the world are

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tackling what charities call an epidemic of abuse.

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We've got a Dutch charity who exposed sex tourism on computers.

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They identified 1000 paedophiles. Looking at this report, what is it

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about the Philippines, do you think, that has allowed this to take hold?

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It started about a couple of years ago. We noticed that the children

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were working from Internet cafes, not so much hotels and cafes any

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longer. What contributes as the poverty and that English is a second

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language. It is easy for them to communicate with Westerners. And

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thirdly the Internet coverage which is easily accessible, not just in

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cities, but in rural areas. That makes the Villa team so important

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for this particular crime to stop you looked at this issue across

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Asia. That is correct. We have been working there for more than a

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decade. As far as we can tell it has not been introduced in other

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countries yet. But there is no reason to believe it will be

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restricted to the Philippines only. We are worried that, given the

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enormous demand of Westerners to engage children in sexual activity,

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that this for nominal and will take place in other places. The most

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shocking detail, I think is that families enabling and sometimes put

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as a beating and abuse. Did that surprise you? Not really. Most of

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the time these people are desperate to get out of their poverty traps.

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-- and participating. It is not unusual for Filipinos because the

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family ties are very strong, that the Asp family members to sacrifice

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themselves for the greater good of the family. -- Aske. This goes

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really far and I am sure that families do not want to do it, but

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they cannot see a way out of their poverty. When we started to

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investigate this issue a few years ago, we were estimating a couple of

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hundred in Manila and the other major city in the Philippines. Now

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according to latest estimates were talking about thousands of children.

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So it is taking on epidemic proportions. The only way to put a

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stop to this is to do something about the demand, make it more

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complicated for men to get access. You with Sweetie, the sting

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operation, managed to identify 1000 paedophiles. There have been

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prosecutions proving there can be something done about this? Our main

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objective was to demonstrate how widespread this for nominal and has

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become in a short period of time, in 2.5 years. The second point was it

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is so easy to identify victims. That is as far as we can go. Police and

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law enforcement can go beyond. It is easy to identify perpetrators and

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scare them off. Where has that been taken particularly serious? In the

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UK the authorities are alert to the problem. The Sweetie project has

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contributed to more awareness. Everywhere as far as we can tell all

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of the world governments and law enforcement are now looking again at

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this particular phenomenon and seeing what possibilities they

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have, what kind of mandate is required to tackle this problem.

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Thank you very much. You can see more detail from Angus Crawford's

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investigation and more background on the BBC website. You can get in

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touch with me about this and other news stories on Twitter.

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One simple figure today highlights the impact of the conflict in Syria.

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The United Nations now says that more than half the population

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urgently needs demand to help. It has launched its biggest ever appeal

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for a single crisis at a donor conference in Kuwait. It is asking

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for a $6.5 billion. Syria's growing desperation has

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brought these Foreign Minister is to Kuwait. They came to pledge aid a

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year ago. Now the humanitarian crisis has escalated and much more

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money is needed. We are bit frustrated because they need on the

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ground is much greater than the response from the international

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committee. We knew that during this conference there would be some

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response and more money will comment. -- come in. Semipermanent

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tent cities have grown up outside Syria for the country's refugees.

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This one is in Jordan. The US and Kuwait have announced more large

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donations and the UK promised another $160 million. In some

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besieged areas inside Syria, people are thought to be dying of

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malnutrition. Delivering aid to them is almost impossible so cease-fires

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as well as money are urgently needed. One UN official described

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how hard it is foreign aid convoy to reach a refugee camp near Damascus.

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We were given at Gould dies -- bulldozer to go in front to move

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deeply. There was water that landed nearby, machine-gun fire, the convoy

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had to turn round and comeback. 10,000 polio vaccinations and ten

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trucks of food aid had to go back. Western governments have long

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condemned the Syrian regime, but in a new development, it appears

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Western intelligence agencies have visited Damascus to discuss radical

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Islamist groups. When these countries as this for security

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cooperation it seems to me there is seclusion between the leaderships.

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The main Syrian opposition groups sees itself as the conduit to fight

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jihad e-groups. It is dismayed that Western governments may be

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cooperating with President Assad who they believe is secretly in league

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with the extremists. Unfortunately if these reports are true,

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intelligence is going to the wrong place. They are going to the Assad

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regime trying to get more information. It is a creation of the

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Assad regime. This row undermines trust was Syria's opposition at a

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crucial time, with key peace talks due next week.

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Let's take a beef look at some of the day's other news. At least 75

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people have been killed in a series of bombings in central Iraq

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according to police and medical officials. 16 died on an attack for

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a funeral for approval government 's in the official. -- pro-government.

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In Egypt, the polls have just closed after two days of voting in a

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referendum on a new constitution. The document was drawn up following

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the ousting of the Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. The Muslim

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Brotherhood has been boycotting the referendum but it is thought the

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Army will get the yes vote it desires, a move that could lead to

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elections later this year. The American technology company

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Apple, has agreed to pay more than $32 billion back to his customers

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due to it being used by children without the knowledge of their

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parents. There have been tens of thousands of complaints and as part

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of the settlement, Apple will have to change as billing procedures.

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George Osborne has urged the European Union to become more

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competitive and to cut welfare spending. The chief finance minister

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said the treaty's -- treaties underpinning the EU are no longer

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fit for purpose. The promised to change the relationship with the EU

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was supposed to calm rows in the Conservative party but some Tories

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are impatient but change and the tone of the debate has riled senior

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figures in Brussels. The right of citizens to move freely is a

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contentious area. The government tightened the rules on migrants

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claiming benefits but today politicians were warned not to

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inflame tensions. Let us not use stereotypes. Let's have a rational

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debate. Let's not give into scaremongering. Conservatives hit

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back, saying they were not out to stigmatise any nationality. He

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should be careful not to join others to write the debate down and

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accusing people of saying things we have not said. The Bulgarian Foreign

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Minister said that offence had been caused. The campaign going on,

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especially last year, was, I would say, a bit unpleasant. This

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situation, the signals coming from the UK, will be changed and I expect

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more positive signals. Almost 100 Conservative MPs called for the UK

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Parliament to have a veto overall European Union laws. The Chancellor

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did outline a case for reform, but it certainly did not go that far.

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Instead George Osborne said it was not about Britain's desires to pull

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back from Europe, but being more competitive in global markets. The

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biggest economic risks facing Europe does not come from those who want

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reform, it comes from a failure to reform. It is the status quo that

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condemns the people of Europe to an ongoing economic crisis and

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continuing decline. The immediate challenge for the Conservative

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leadership is to contain the party's disagreements over Europe.

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The government in Thailand said it will stick to a timetable for an

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election scheduled for next month, despite protests that have brought

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much of central Bangkok to a standstill. Demonstrators demand the

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prime ministers stop the election and resign.

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Bangkok, on day three of what is supposed to be a shutdown. Although

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it is only in the city centre that the protesters run the show. And

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where there'll leader still makes his triumphant marchers. But where

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is he leading them? You are pushing this country towards a dangerous

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conflict, are you worried about that? Not at all, we are fighting

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peacefully without weapons and we do not use violence, you concede that,

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we are here, with just our bare hands. -- you can see that. Nobody

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seems to concerned about what the other side thinks of the

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insurrection, but perhaps they should be. While this protest leader

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has Bangkok under his spell, the rest of the country, much of it,

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still supports the government. How will they reacted he achieves his

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goal and forces the Prime Minister from power? To find out, you do not

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have to travel far from the capital. Half an hour away is a stronghold of

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the pro-government redshirts. When hard-core protesters came here last

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Friday, this is what happened. GUNFIRE. Somebody pulled out of

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assault rifle. Customers of this shop cowered behind the tables. The

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shop is owned by this person. The shoot out has really on nerve to

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her. She said business is terrible now, people got hurt. My customers

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are worried it will happen again. The man who confronted the

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protesters is the local redshirts leader. He has erected a wall of

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steel plates to protect his roadside base from the now nightly gunfire.

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He brought out the weapons donated by supporters, he said, for self

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defence. For now, he has been ordered to stay put, do nothing. But

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if the government is forced out, he plans to use whatever he has two

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fight back. TRANSLATION: I will collect my people and we will try to

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fight in the open. If we cannot win now, we will go underground. One of

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his guards is lying in the local hospital, lucky to be alive after

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last week's shooting. There are similar casualties on the other

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side. That still has not deterred them. They like to call their

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uprising a peaceful one, but with so much at stake, more violence is

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probably unavoidable. The trial of four men accused of

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involvement in the attack on the Westgate Mall in Kenya has opened.

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Gunmen killed 67 people in September. The court heard testimony

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from a guard outside the shopping mall in Nairobi when the attack was

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launched. They are not the Westgate conmen,

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but they are as close as the authorities have got to establishing

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a possible network behind the attack. Four men of Somali origin in

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court and charged with helping it happen. They face charges such as

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harbouring the gunman, contacting them, and holding. Humans. Witnesses

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were called, both security guards. They told us what they saw that

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fateful day, the attackers arriving, plumes of smoke and explosions. 40

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witnesses will be called, and all defendants have pleaded not guilty

:20:51.:20:54.

in a trial that is likely to last a week. It is almost four months since

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Westgate, a favourite of high society, came under attack.

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Governmental rampage, holding some hostage and executing others. Almost

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70 were killed, some trapped by collapsed floors. The Islamist

:21:11.:21:26.

militant group Al Shabana Shebab. Claimed responsibility. There were

:21:27.:21:32.

allegations of looting by soldiers. It was said the government had hired

:21:33.:21:37.

space in a shopping mall to prepare the attack. The question remains

:21:38.:21:42.

what happened to the gunman? The Kenyan government says they are

:21:43.:21:46.

likely to have died in the siege, but intelligence reports suggest

:21:47.:21:49.

they could have escaped. As one analyst put it to me, if they had

:21:50.:21:55.

perished, the authorities would have rushed to provide forensic evidence

:21:56.:21:58.

from the bodies, but, so far, there has been none.

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If you had a priceless art collection and were billions of

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dollars in debt, would you sell the pictures? That is what some think

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should happen in Detroit, which is $18 billion in debt. The story home

:22:14.:22:18.

of the American auto industry and Motown records now has the dubious

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distinction of being the largest municipal bankruptcy in US history

:22:23.:22:26.

and it is under emergency management. They are now looking to

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recoup cash at the Art Gallery, which is home to a collection valued

:22:35.:22:40.

between 400 million and $800 million. This week, foundations have

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stepped in with cash offers to save the art for the city. But they have

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fallen short of the figure and we think the museum's future is still

:22:50.:22:54.

up in the air. We can speak to the director of the Detroit Institute of

:22:55.:23:02.

arts. Can you remind us of some of the highlights of the collection

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that is so much more than a city Museum. We have four van Goghs, the

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self-portrait, the first van Gogh to enter the US public museum. Matisse.

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That was also the first in 1922. We have a second cast of Rodin. We have

:23:25.:23:33.

a Rembrandt, Picasso, almost all of the great names. How many of these

:23:34.:23:40.

pieces now risk being sold to help pay debt? It is a complicated

:23:41.:23:48.

situation. For reasons that have not been explained to me, but I can

:23:49.:23:54.

guess, the emergency manager asked Christie 's to evaluate those works

:23:55.:24:02.

of art that have as a credit title a city of Detroit purchase and those

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are the works, when you mentioned 600, 800 million, those are the

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works that constitutes that value. The total collection is 65,000

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pieces, which, of course, as with many American museums, nine tenths

:24:21.:24:24.

of the collections come as gifts is, rather than Museum purchases. Given

:24:25.:24:29.

that Detroit is in dire straits and basic services do not function in

:24:30.:24:33.

some neighbourhoods, why does it matter so much if it leaves

:24:34.:24:43.

Detroit? The Institute is one of the country's greatest collections,

:24:44.:24:49.

encyclopaedic museums. It is an extremely important factor in the

:24:50.:24:52.

cultural life of the region. For example, it is one of the things

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that could be cited when, as is always the case, individuals try to

:24:58.:25:03.

bring business to Detroit. It is a glorious collection. It belongs,

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really, to the people. The fact it is owned by the city of Detroit is

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almost a fluke of history. Our position is that it is in fact,

:25:15.:25:24.

non-league, it is a public trust and therefore cannot be liquidated to

:25:25.:25:29.

settle any debt. -- nominally. Have the people shown you they want the

:25:30.:25:40.

art to stay? Yes. We had a make over of the institute some years ago.

:25:41.:25:44.

There was a vote to tax themselves to keep it going because we operate

:25:45.:25:49.

as a private institution and not a city department. There was an

:25:50.:25:52.

opinion poll of residents of residence a few weeks ago, where 78%

:25:53.:25:59.

said they wanted to keep the art untouched. 70% said that

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pensioners. The museum, we know, people feel strongly about the

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collection. It is of deep significance for the city in this

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region. Thanks for joining us. You can talk to me on Twitter about

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this or any of the other stories. You can also read more on the BBC

:26:30.:26:34.

News website. For now, from B and the rest of the team, thanks for

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being with us on World News Today. -- from me.

:26:41.:26:57.

We have not seen much sunshine across the British Isles today but I

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am hopeful we will see more tomorrow. We are anticipating some

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showers as well, particularly to the south and west. This weather front

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behind

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