15/01/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas. An epidemic of


child abuse, online and to order. Our report uncovers widespread sex


abuse and the Philippines. It is an industry driven by poverty and the


local police say the abusers in the Philippines are often the victim's


families, working for paedophiles abroad. The pattern from the other


side of the world gives the orders. More than $2 billion was raised to


help Syrian refugees at an international donor conference.


There are warnings much more help is needed.


They say they will stay put until the Prime Minister goes. The


continued protests in Thailand. The government say the general election


will go ahead as planned. And should the trike's artworks be sold? --


Detroit's. Hello and welcome.


We begin with a special investigation into webcam sex


tourism which reveals shocking details about the skill of the


industry. Last year the BBC's Angus Crawford reported on a sting


operation in which a computer-generated image of a child


in the Philippines, and image cold-macro one, was used to expose


thousands of paedophiles. No Angus reports from the Philippines were


real children are being abused. You may find some of his report


disturbing. This street holds a secret. It


children were sexually abused and raped by their own family. The


children were -- room where police say the abuse was broadcast by


webcam to foreign paedophiles. This British man, Timothy Ford, directed


the abuse from his home in the UK. The police raid in the Philippines


last year sparked by what was found on Timothy Ford's computer. He was


sent to prison for 8.5 years. 12 children, the youngest to survive,


were taken into care. Some of the children are now back in the


community. Her parents are still in jail. -- the youngest, just five.


Ford plan to buy a house and open Internet cafe here, for him and


other paedophiles to use. But we have discovered that Ford is just


one of thousands. They call it cybersex. We travelled across the


Philippines and found some neighbourhoods have been virtually


taken over by it. The abuse of children online has become an


industry, driven by poverty. The families are involved in this


business. This is in the south of the country.


It has become notorious for this kind of crime. This is, in effect,


the epicentre of the cybersex industry. It takes place in rooms,


in houses around here, undercover. All they need is a laptop and a


USB. One recent survey showed that 80 houses were involved here with


the families check -- selling their children for sex online. This kind


of webcam abuse has become rooted in the culture here and local charities


find it difficult to convince families of the harm it causes. The


client from the other part of the globe gives the instruction to touch


this and touched that, kids this and gives that. And even send sex toys


to these children so that they can use them. It is amiss -- a myth that


there is no touching. Some of the birds are relatives are the ones


touching them. A couple of streets away another home raided an entity.


A two-year-old was rescued here. But some -- it is something no one wants


to talk about. How do I know when their house is closed? I did not get


inside their house and see what they were doing. This is where our


children live. Some children to escape the abuse. Here to a shelter


where they can start to recover. They feel small and dirty about


themselves. Many are deeply traumatised, some of -- talk of


seeing on the computer screen, the man paying them to be touched.


Thousands of children are thought to be victims of online sexual


exploitation. At least now police here and around the world are


tackling what charities call an epidemic of abuse.


We've got a Dutch charity who exposed sex tourism on computers.


They identified 1000 paedophiles. Looking at this report, what is it


about the Philippines, do you think, that has allowed this to take hold?


It started about a couple of years ago. We noticed that the children


were working from Internet cafes, not so much hotels and cafes any


longer. What contributes as the poverty and that English is a second


language. It is easy for them to communicate with Westerners. And


thirdly the Internet coverage which is easily accessible, not just in


cities, but in rural areas. That makes the Villa team so important


for this particular crime to stop you looked at this issue across


Asia. That is correct. We have been working there for more than a


decade. As far as we can tell it has not been introduced in other


countries yet. But there is no reason to believe it will be


restricted to the Philippines only. We are worried that, given the


enormous demand of Westerners to engage children in sexual activity,


that this for nominal and will take place in other places. The most


shocking detail, I think is that families enabling and sometimes put


as a beating and abuse. Did that surprise you? Not really. Most of


the time these people are desperate to get out of their poverty traps.


-- and participating. It is not unusual for Filipinos because the


family ties are very strong, that the Asp family members to sacrifice


themselves for the greater good of the family. -- Aske. This goes


really far and I am sure that families do not want to do it, but


they cannot see a way out of their poverty. When we started to


investigate this issue a few years ago, we were estimating a couple of


hundred in Manila and the other major city in the Philippines. Now


according to latest estimates were talking about thousands of children.


So it is taking on epidemic proportions. The only way to put a


stop to this is to do something about the demand, make it more


complicated for men to get access. You with Sweetie, the sting


operation, managed to identify 1000 paedophiles. There have been


prosecutions proving there can be something done about this? Our main


objective was to demonstrate how widespread this for nominal and has


become in a short period of time, in 2.5 years. The second point was it


is so easy to identify victims. That is as far as we can go. Police and


law enforcement can go beyond. It is easy to identify perpetrators and


scare them off. Where has that been taken particularly serious? In the


UK the authorities are alert to the problem. The Sweetie project has


contributed to more awareness. Everywhere as far as we can tell all


of the world governments and law enforcement are now looking again at


this particular phenomenon and seeing what possibilities they


have, what kind of mandate is required to tackle this problem.


Thank you very much. You can see more detail from Angus Crawford's


investigation and more background on the BBC website. You can get in


touch with me about this and other news stories on Twitter.


One simple figure today highlights the impact of the conflict in Syria.


The United Nations now says that more than half the population


urgently needs demand to help. It has launched its biggest ever appeal


for a single crisis at a donor conference in Kuwait. It is asking


for a $6.5 billion. Syria's growing desperation has


brought these Foreign Minister is to Kuwait. They came to pledge aid a


year ago. Now the humanitarian crisis has escalated and much more


money is needed. We are bit frustrated because they need on the


ground is much greater than the response from the international


committee. We knew that during this conference there would be some


response and more money will comment. -- come in. Semipermanent


tent cities have grown up outside Syria for the country's refugees.


This one is in Jordan. The US and Kuwait have announced more large


donations and the UK promised another $160 million. In some


besieged areas inside Syria, people are thought to be dying of


malnutrition. Delivering aid to them is almost impossible so cease-fires


as well as money are urgently needed. One UN official described


how hard it is foreign aid convoy to reach a refugee camp near Damascus.


We were given at Gould dies -- bulldozer to go in front to move


deeply. There was water that landed nearby, machine-gun fire, the convoy


had to turn round and comeback. 10,000 polio vaccinations and ten


trucks of food aid had to go back. Western governments have long


condemned the Syrian regime, but in a new development, it appears


Western intelligence agencies have visited Damascus to discuss radical


Islamist groups. When these countries as this for security


cooperation it seems to me there is seclusion between the leaderships.


The main Syrian opposition groups sees itself as the conduit to fight


jihad e-groups. It is dismayed that Western governments may be


cooperating with President Assad who they believe is secretly in league


with the extremists. Unfortunately if these reports are true,


intelligence is going to the wrong place. They are going to the Assad


regime trying to get more information. It is a creation of the


Assad regime. This row undermines trust was Syria's opposition at a


crucial time, with key peace talks due next week.


Let's take a beef look at some of the day's other news. At least 75


people have been killed in a series of bombings in central Iraq


according to police and medical officials. 16 died on an attack for


a funeral for approval government 's in the official. -- pro-government.


In Egypt, the polls have just closed after two days of voting in a


referendum on a new constitution. The document was drawn up following


the ousting of the Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. The Muslim


Brotherhood has been boycotting the referendum but it is thought the


Army will get the yes vote it desires, a move that could lead to


elections later this year. The American technology company


Apple, has agreed to pay more than $32 billion back to his customers


due to it being used by children without the knowledge of their


parents. There have been tens of thousands of complaints and as part


of the settlement, Apple will have to change as billing procedures.


George Osborne has urged the European Union to become more


competitive and to cut welfare spending. The chief finance minister


said the treaty's -- treaties underpinning the EU are no longer


fit for purpose. The promised to change the relationship with the EU


was supposed to calm rows in the Conservative party but some Tories


are impatient but change and the tone of the debate has riled senior


figures in Brussels. The right of citizens to move freely is a


contentious area. The government tightened the rules on migrants


claiming benefits but today politicians were warned not to


inflame tensions. Let us not use stereotypes. Let's have a rational


debate. Let's not give into scaremongering. Conservatives hit


back, saying they were not out to stigmatise any nationality. He


should be careful not to join others to write the debate down and


accusing people of saying things we have not said. The Bulgarian Foreign


Minister said that offence had been caused. The campaign going on,


especially last year, was, I would say, a bit unpleasant. This


situation, the signals coming from the UK, will be changed and I expect


more positive signals. Almost 100 Conservative MPs called for the UK


Parliament to have a veto overall European Union laws. The Chancellor


did outline a case for reform, but it certainly did not go that far.


Instead George Osborne said it was not about Britain's desires to pull


back from Europe, but being more competitive in global markets. The


biggest economic risks facing Europe does not come from those who want


reform, it comes from a failure to reform. It is the status quo that


condemns the people of Europe to an ongoing economic crisis and


continuing decline. The immediate challenge for the Conservative


leadership is to contain the party's disagreements over Europe.


The government in Thailand said it will stick to a timetable for an


election scheduled for next month, despite protests that have brought


much of central Bangkok to a standstill. Demonstrators demand the


prime ministers stop the election and resign.


Bangkok, on day three of what is supposed to be a shutdown. Although


it is only in the city centre that the protesters run the show. And


where there'll leader still makes his triumphant marchers. But where


is he leading them? You are pushing this country towards a dangerous


conflict, are you worried about that? Not at all, we are fighting


peacefully without weapons and we do not use violence, you concede that,


we are here, with just our bare hands. -- you can see that. Nobody


seems to concerned about what the other side thinks of the


insurrection, but perhaps they should be. While this protest leader


has Bangkok under his spell, the rest of the country, much of it,


still supports the government. How will they reacted he achieves his


goal and forces the Prime Minister from power? To find out, you do not


have to travel far from the capital. Half an hour away is a stronghold of


the pro-government redshirts. When hard-core protesters came here last


Friday, this is what happened. GUNFIRE. Somebody pulled out of


assault rifle. Customers of this shop cowered behind the tables. The


shop is owned by this person. The shoot out has really on nerve to


her. She said business is terrible now, people got hurt. My customers


are worried it will happen again. The man who confronted the


protesters is the local redshirts leader. He has erected a wall of


steel plates to protect his roadside base from the now nightly gunfire.


He brought out the weapons donated by supporters, he said, for self


defence. For now, he has been ordered to stay put, do nothing. But


if the government is forced out, he plans to use whatever he has two


fight back. TRANSLATION: I will collect my people and we will try to


fight in the open. If we cannot win now, we will go underground. One of


his guards is lying in the local hospital, lucky to be alive after


last week's shooting. There are similar casualties on the other


side. That still has not deterred them. They like to call their


uprising a peaceful one, but with so much at stake, more violence is


probably unavoidable. The trial of four men accused of


involvement in the attack on the Westgate Mall in Kenya has opened.


Gunmen killed 67 people in September. The court heard testimony


from a guard outside the shopping mall in Nairobi when the attack was


launched. They are not the Westgate conmen,


but they are as close as the authorities have got to establishing


a possible network behind the attack. Four men of Somali origin in


court and charged with helping it happen. They face charges such as


harbouring the gunman, contacting them, and holding. Humans. Witnesses


were called, both security guards. They told us what they saw that


fateful day, the attackers arriving, plumes of smoke and explosions. 40


witnesses will be called, and all defendants have pleaded not guilty


in a trial that is likely to last a week. It is almost four months since


Westgate, a favourite of high society, came under attack.


Governmental rampage, holding some hostage and executing others. Almost


70 were killed, some trapped by collapsed floors. The Islamist


militant group Al Shabana Shebab. Claimed responsibility. There were


allegations of looting by soldiers. It was said the government had hired


space in a shopping mall to prepare the attack. The question remains


what happened to the gunman? The Kenyan government says they are


likely to have died in the siege, but intelligence reports suggest


they could have escaped. As one analyst put it to me, if they had


perished, the authorities would have rushed to provide forensic evidence


from the bodies, but, so far, there has been none.


If you had a priceless art collection and were billions of


dollars in debt, would you sell the pictures? That is what some think


should happen in Detroit, which is $18 billion in debt. The story home


of the American auto industry and Motown records now has the dubious


distinction of being the largest municipal bankruptcy in US history


and it is under emergency management. They are now looking to


recoup cash at the Art Gallery, which is home to a collection valued


between 400 million and $800 million. This week, foundations have


stepped in with cash offers to save the art for the city. But they have


fallen short of the figure and we think the museum's future is still


up in the air. We can speak to the director of the Detroit Institute of


arts. Can you remind us of some of the highlights of the collection


that is so much more than a city Museum. We have four van Goghs, the


self-portrait, the first van Gogh to enter the US public museum. Matisse.


That was also the first in 1922. We have a second cast of Rodin. We have


a Rembrandt, Picasso, almost all of the great names. How many of these


pieces now risk being sold to help pay debt? It is a complicated


situation. For reasons that have not been explained to me, but I can


guess, the emergency manager asked Christie 's to evaluate those works


of art that have as a credit title a city of Detroit purchase and those


are the works, when you mentioned 600, 800 million, those are the


works that constitutes that value. The total collection is 65,000


pieces, which, of course, as with many American museums, nine tenths


of the collections come as gifts is, rather than Museum purchases. Given


that Detroit is in dire straits and basic services do not function in


some neighbourhoods, why does it matter so much if it leaves


Detroit? The Institute is one of the country's greatest collections,


encyclopaedic museums. It is an extremely important factor in the


cultural life of the region. For example, it is one of the things


that could be cited when, as is always the case, individuals try to


bring business to Detroit. It is a glorious collection. It belongs,


really, to the people. The fact it is owned by the city of Detroit is


almost a fluke of history. Our position is that it is in fact,


non-league, it is a public trust and therefore cannot be liquidated to


settle any debt. -- nominally. Have the people shown you they want the


art to stay? Yes. We had a make over of the institute some years ago.


There was a vote to tax themselves to keep it going because we operate


as a private institution and not a city department. There was an


opinion poll of residents of residence a few weeks ago, where 78%


said they wanted to keep the art untouched. 70% said that


pensioners. The museum, we know, people feel strongly about the


collection. It is of deep significance for the city in this


region. Thanks for joining us. You can talk to me on Twitter about


this or any of the other stories. You can also read more on the BBC


News website. For now, from B and the rest of the team, thanks for


being with us on World News Today. -- from me.


We have not seen much sunshine across the British Isles today but I


am hopeful we will see more tomorrow. We are anticipating some


showers as well, particularly to the south and west. This weather front




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