16/01/2014 World News Today


16/01/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 16/01/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today. The trial of four suspects in the

:00:08.:00:14.

assassination of the Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005

:00:15.:00:21.

begins. He was killed in a bombing explosion in Beirut. The defendants

:00:22.:00:27.

linked to Hezbollah are being tried in absentia.

:00:28.:00:35.

We never seek vengeance. Hopefully by the end of this trial we will

:00:36.:00:42.

find out the truth and we will get the justice for Lebanon.

:00:43.:00:48.

One of the most senior officials at the Vatican is questioned strongly

:00:49.:00:51.

by a special UN panel on its failure to protect children from abuse by

:00:52.:00:55.

East 's. Also coming up, three films top the

:00:56.:01:02.

nominations for the Oscars and we look at their chances of winning

:01:03.:01:07.

those prized trophies. And depression and how to survive

:01:08.:01:12.

it. That advice was offered by the late comedian Spike Milligan. Now it

:01:13.:01:16.

seems he wasn't alone as new research links comic genius to

:01:17.:01:18.

mental illness. Hello and welcome. It has taken

:01:19.:01:34.

nearly a decade is to get to this stage. Mine lay a special UN

:01:35.:01:39.

tribunal in the Hague has begun the trial in absentia of four defendants

:01:40.:01:45.

linked to Hezbollah or the assassination of Lebanese Prime

:01:46.:01:50.

Minister Rafiq Hariri nine years ago. He did love with 21 others when

:01:51.:01:55.

his convoy was blown in Beirut. Each of the four suspects have been

:01:56.:02:01.

identified but not apprehended. We ask what chances there are of them

:02:02.:02:09.

ever being brought to justice. A long-awaited trial has begun but

:02:10.:02:14.

none of the accused are in sight. The special tribunal is the first

:02:15.:02:20.

international court since the Nuremberg trials to try suspects in

:02:21.:02:28.

absentia. For individuals associated with the Lebanese party Hezbollah.

:02:29.:02:33.

The prosecution says it is confident they are responsible for the killing

:02:34.:02:39.

of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafiq Hariri, and 21 other

:02:40.:02:43.

people. The attackers used an extraordinary

:02:44.:02:48.

quantity of explosives, far more than was needed to kill their

:02:49.:02:56.

target. Clearly the intention was to spread a message and panic among the

:02:57.:03:03.

people. Among those present in court was the son of the former Prime

:03:04.:03:08.

Minister. He told journalists that he came to

:03:09.:03:14.

seek justice, not revenge. We never seek vengeance and

:03:15.:03:17.

hopefully by the end of this trial we will find out the truth and we

:03:18.:03:23.

will get the justice that we called for an Lebanon.

:03:24.:03:28.

This is only the start of what is expected to be a long trial. The

:03:29.:03:31.

onus is on the prosecution to prove the guilt of the suspects in the

:03:32.:03:37.

first international tribunal ever to try individuals on charges of

:03:38.:03:45.

terrorism. The defence team seems ready to hit back.

:03:46.:03:51.

TRANSLATION: The first unexpected thing will be the words of the

:03:52.:03:56.

defence lawyers on Monday because you can imagine they have lots to

:03:57.:03:58.

answer for. Since the killing of Rafiq Hariri

:03:59.:04:03.

many others have been killed in Lebanon. Many hope this tribunal

:04:04.:04:10.

will put an end to the trouble. But others fear it has become and others

:04:11.:04:15.

-- another source of political turmoil.

:04:16.:04:23.

Let us discuss this more. Faysal Itani is a fellow with the Atlantic

:04:24.:04:25.

Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East. If these four men

:04:26.:04:33.

have been identified and people know who they are, we not been

:04:34.:04:39.

apprehended? Simply put, the Lebanese

:04:40.:04:48.

institutions are too politically weak to have the will to go after

:04:49.:04:54.

them. Going after them would most likely require a violent

:04:55.:04:58.

confrontation and they have no appetite for that or possibly even

:04:59.:05:01.

the capabilities. Could the forces could actually go

:05:02.:05:06.

into the Hezbollah-run areas and arrest these men?

:05:07.:05:15.

Probably not given the balance of power between the security forces

:05:16.:05:20.

and Hezbollah. They're in mind also that the security forces are

:05:21.:05:28.

multi-sectarian, made up of some Hezbollah members.

:05:29.:05:33.

It sounds like you don't really think that these suspects will ever

:05:34.:05:41.

be brought to justice. I think whether or not they are

:05:42.:05:45.

brought to justice depends very much on Hezbollah's security situation

:05:46.:05:52.

within Lebanon and the situation of its allies abroad, the Syrian regime

:05:53.:06:08.

and Iran. I don't see a scenario where they will be brought to

:06:09.:06:11.

justice by force. Is there an element of perhaps if

:06:12.:06:18.

they ever were arrested, it would cause such instability between

:06:19.:06:22.

Hezbollah and the central authorities that these interests

:06:23.:06:30.

have two trump the ideas of justice?

:06:31.:06:35.

I wouldn't quite put it that way because you have to remember that

:06:36.:06:39.

Hezbollah is a significant influence on the political goings-on in

:06:40.:06:48.

Lebanon. Opposition to Hezbollah would have to come from a political

:06:49.:06:56.

rival in Lebanon itself. I think it is the impossibility of the task

:06:57.:07:01.

rather than the resulting literal instability.

:07:02.:07:07.

So when Rafiq Hariri's Sun says that they will find out the truth, that

:07:08.:07:14.

is wishful thinking on his part? Not necessarily. If the accusations

:07:15.:07:27.

are accurate and there are bindings of guilt.

:07:28.:07:37.

How important is all this to the wider population in Lebanon?

:07:38.:07:45.

I think it is quite important. A significant proportion of the

:07:46.:07:51.

Lebanese have rejected its legitimacy outright, mostly

:07:52.:08:00.

supporters Hezbollah. A political assassination which happens often

:08:01.:08:07.

and never gets this level of trial is receiving an unprecedented level

:08:08.:08:14.

of trial so it is an improvement. We have heard John Kerry calling on

:08:15.:08:22.

the Syrian opposition to vote in favour of attending the Geneva peace

:08:23.:08:30.

conference. We know there is a great deal of opposition. Sorry to put you

:08:31.:08:38.

on the spot but just give us your reaction to that.

:08:39.:08:47.

Given how much emphasis on US policy has placed on the talks, I can

:08:48.:08:52.

understand why they would take that position. But from the perspective

:08:53.:08:56.

of the opposition, they have two problems. Firstly, they don't have

:08:57.:09:02.

significant support in Syria itself and are not seen as having the power

:09:03.:09:07.

to negotiate on the behalf of Syrians. Secondly, rebel forces who

:09:08.:09:17.

do have influence have a great rejected these talks. They are in an

:09:18.:09:24.

impossible position. If they do refuse to go, on the other hand they

:09:25.:09:28.

will lose whatever US support which they have had so far, which isn't

:09:29.:09:34.

much. Thank you for that.

:09:35.:09:42.

A suicide bomber in northern Lebanon has killed self and three other

:09:43.:09:52.

people in Hermel near the Bekaa Valley. More than 20 people were

:09:53.:09:59.

injured. It is the latest attack in Hezbollah -dominated areas.

:10:00.:10:04.

After years of allegations of child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church,

:10:05.:10:10.

the Vatican has been given strong public questioning. Senior officials

:10:11.:10:17.

are facing robust questions by a special UN committee in Geneva to

:10:18.:10:22.

try to find out why the charge won't release its full data on the abuse.

:10:23.:10:26.

Victims and their families accused the Church of a culture of secrecy.

:10:27.:10:34.

For years, victims of clerical sexual abuse struggle to be heard.

:10:35.:10:39.

No campaigners are pleased that at last the Vatican is being

:10:40.:10:43.

investigated by a UN committee. At the hearing in Geneva, the

:10:44.:10:50.

Vatican's seemed contrite. There is no use for violence or

:10:51.:10:56.

exploitation of children. Such crimes cannot be justified, whether

:10:57.:11:03.

permitted in the home, schools, sports programmes, religious

:11:04.:11:08.

institutions. In a brutal session, it was said

:11:09.:11:18.

they were only responsible for abuse inside Vatican City, a much

:11:19.:11:24.

criticised assertion. The Catholic Church has 1 billion

:11:25.:11:32.

followers and his influence over a lot more children's lives than just

:11:33.:11:38.

these few that the mentioned. This man has had to fight hard for

:11:39.:11:47.

justice. He was abused as a teenager I and Italian priest, he claims.

:11:48.:11:52.

I think it is time to stop the secrecy.

:11:53.:12:02.

There has been mounting evidence of abuse in different countries. In

:12:03.:12:09.

2009, the report found that sexual and psychological abuse was endemic

:12:10.:12:15.

in Ireland. In 2010, the Bishop of Bruges resigned after a sex scandal.

:12:16.:12:25.

In Germany there were 280 counts of sexual abuse.

:12:26.:12:34.

Laws have been strengthened and Vatican -- victims offered help.

:12:35.:12:44.

Let us bring you some of the other news.

:12:45.:12:49.

Early indications about Egypt's new constitution are that it will get

:12:50.:12:52.

overwhelming backing. The Muslim Brotherhood boycotted it in protest

:12:53.:13:02.

at the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi. Tonight was reported at just more

:13:03.:13:04.

than 50%. The actress linked with President

:13:05.:13:11.

Francois Hollande has taken legal action against Closer magazine over

:13:12.:13:19.

the allegations. It is alleged that Francois Hollande spent the night at

:13:20.:13:24.

her flat. The Formula 1 boss Bernie Ecclestone is to go on trial charged

:13:25.:13:32.

with bribery. It is to do with payments made to

:13:33.:13:38.

German banker Gerhard Gribowsky. Bernie Ecclestone is stepping down

:13:39.:13:43.

from the Formula 1 board of directors.

:13:44.:13:45.

Let us update you on an exclusive story we brought you this time

:13:46.:13:52.

yesterday. Organised paedophiles in Western countries are paying for

:13:53.:13:55.

children to be abused in the Philippines and then watching that

:13:56.:14:00.

abuse live via webcam. Some of those were based in the UK and five people

:14:01.:14:04.

have already been jailed for the activity.

:14:05.:14:08.

This is Operation Endeavour in action. Philippine police raid a

:14:09.:14:14.

house and rescue 12 children. The youngest was just six years old. He

:14:15.:14:20.

had been sexually abused by their own parents in front of the webcam,

:14:21.:14:25.

directed from thousands of miles away in Britain. The raid was

:14:26.:14:29.

launched after the arrest of this man, Timothy Ford. He offered other

:14:30.:14:37.

paedophiles the chance to watch the abuse, men like Thomas Owen. Records

:14:38.:14:44.

released today show that he was offering live shows and described

:14:45.:14:51.

some children as really cute. Police arrested 29 people in 12 countries

:14:52.:14:57.

and have identified many more suspects.

:14:58.:15:04.

There are over 700 suspects around the world, over 100 of which are in

:15:05.:15:06.

the UK. That's shocking, isn't it?

:15:07.:15:13.

Very shocking. It will need to realise. Let's call this what this

:15:14.:15:17.

is. This is not an Internet crime, this is a crime facilitated by the

:15:18.:15:22.

Internet, this is child sexual abuse.

:15:23.:15:26.

This is a new crime could by rising demand in the West and is a growing

:15:27.:15:29.

problem, especially in the Philippines.

:15:30.:15:34.

In some of the poorest areas, whole communities have been taken over by

:15:35.:15:39.

this trade. Amylase are forced to perform sex acts in front of

:15:40.:15:45.

children -- on children in front of cameras for paying Westerners.

:15:46.:15:50.

This girl was 15 when she was forced by her own hand to work on what she

:15:51.:16:08.

calls a cybersex then. The operation has been a success but charities say

:16:09.:16:13.

that the police must do much more to protect the tens of thousands of

:16:14.:16:20.

children who remain at risk. A special report there.

:16:21.:16:29.

It is movie awards season. Today we found out who is in the running for

:16:30.:16:42.

the Oscars. Gravity, American muscle, and 12 Years A Slave lead

:16:43.:16:51.

the pack. -- American Hustle. You will have seen all of them?

:16:52.:17:00.

I have. It is quite exciting. Let's start with the Gravity and

:17:01.:17:08.

American Hustle. I love to Gravity. And American

:17:09.:17:19.

Hustle is a disco era film. Gravity, Sandra Bullock and George

:17:20.:17:25.

Clooney, adrift in space. A spectacular movie that did so well

:17:26.:17:28.

at the box office globally. Critically lauded also. And a

:17:29.:17:39.

British film, strangely enough. Yes, they had to shoot it in

:17:40.:17:46.

Pinewood and Shepperton. Special effects, of all the magical

:17:47.:17:53.

experiences, this here is like a Michelangelo ceiling!

:17:54.:18:00.

And American Hustle, about a con artist?

:18:01.:18:05.

Nobody is quite sure what it is about, but it is a real story about

:18:06.:18:10.

the left early episode. Amy Adams and Christian Bale, almost

:18:11.:18:25.

unrecognisable. An FBI episode. And 12 Years A Slave, I think that is

:18:26.:18:33.

the best picture. The one that is kind of capturing the conversation

:18:34.:18:38.

going on at the moment. Slavery, never really been addressed by

:18:39.:18:43.

cinema. And Chiwetel Ejiofor, nominated for

:18:44.:18:51.

best director, -- actor, with Steve McQueen nominated for best director.

:18:52.:18:58.

Yes, to go from some austere arthouse pieces to one of the big

:18:59.:19:05.

directors in the world, only his third film. Alongside Martin

:19:06.:19:09.

Scorsese. John Singleton was nominated that -- nominated but did

:19:10.:19:26.

not win, Steve McQueen would be the first black director to win. And

:19:27.:19:32.

Bruce Sterling is a big favourite, Leonardo DiCaprio, a fourth

:19:33.:19:38.

nomination, never one, playing a terrible character, but a brilliant

:19:39.:19:45.

performance. Bruce Dern, in the film Nebraska, he has a lots of love from

:19:46.:19:52.

the Academy. There he is, playing a deluded pensioner who believes the

:19:53.:19:59.

trash mail he gets to his letterbox telling him he has won $1 million. I

:20:00.:20:08.

would love Chiwetel Ejiofor to win. But Matthew McConaghy, playing an

:20:09.:20:10.

AIDS victim, he is the hot favourite.

:20:11.:20:15.

The woman, Kate Blanchette, danger to Dench. -- Dame Judi.

:20:16.:20:26.

Yes, Philomena was brilliant, but as good as she was in that film, a

:20:27.:20:36.

lovely, clerical anger of a film, but I cannot see anybody beating

:20:37.:20:43.

Kate Blanchette. A deluded woman who cannot believe her world has fallen

:20:44.:20:49.

apart. That will be the Oscar. We will see who wins and Mark you

:20:50.:20:55.

out of ten. A new treatment for blindness offers

:20:56.:20:59.

hope to millions of evil with sight problems across the world. It

:21:00.:21:05.

involves injecting genes into the eye. -- millions of people. Wine has

:21:06.:21:16.

a rare genetic condition. -- Wayne. He was told he would lose his sight

:21:17.:21:20.

in ten years. But he had a pioneering operation, which we

:21:21.:21:25.

reported two years ago. It has improved his vision.

:21:26.:21:31.

I looked at the night sky and saw stars for the first time in 15

:21:32.:21:37.

years. That is something for me. Because of a faulty genetic issue,

:21:38.:21:48.

cells die, but doctors found a way to inject new working copies. And

:21:49.:21:55.

some of the cells they thought were dead have since revitalised,

:21:56.:22:00.

improving his vision. Doctors have been amazed at the improvement. It

:22:01.:22:03.

shows the therapy is safe and effective. They believe it could

:22:04.:22:08.

potentially be used to treat more common forms of likeness. --

:22:09.:22:15.

blindness. He was initially told he would not see his doctor grow up. --

:22:16.:22:23.

daughter. Following this therapy, he hopes to see his grandchildren.

:22:24.:22:30.

Spike Milligan was renowned for his wit, humour, and style. He was also

:22:31.:22:34.

very candid about his battle with mental illness. He helped make big

:22:35.:22:39.

show one of the most popular the last century. -- the Goon Show. But

:22:40.:22:50.

he grappled with depression. Now a new study based on comics from

:22:51.:22:53.

around the world has suggested many may suffer from mental illnesses and

:22:54.:22:59.

psychotic or smell to trade. -- personality traits. Susan Murray,

:23:00.:23:06.

comedian, joins me now. Mental illness is no laughing matter, but

:23:07.:23:12.

this link between psychotic disorders and comedians, doesn't

:23:13.:23:17.

strike a chord? It does not take a genius to work

:23:18.:23:21.

out that it is not normal to stand on stage seeking love for telling

:23:22.:23:28.

jokes. If you ask any stand-up comedian, a UN little bit unhinged,

:23:29.:23:35.

they will answer, of course I am! I don't know quite why they even did

:23:36.:23:43.

the study. Because it is so obvious? Absolutely. Because comedians are

:23:44.:23:54.

both introverted and extroverted? Yes. It is quite a hard thing to do,

:23:55.:24:01.

but it is a creative outlet. I get to moan for a living. Then you get

:24:02.:24:08.

somebody who works in an office for 50 years, hating their job, that is

:24:09.:24:13.

more insane than what I do. But do you think people with the

:24:14.:24:18.

personality traits we are talking about might be drawn to the world of

:24:19.:24:23.

comedy because it offers self-medication almost? There is a

:24:24.:24:30.

bit of that. But the study is a bit misleading. Psychotic traits? From

:24:31.:24:38.

500 comedians I know, two have had a psychotic episode. The figure would

:24:39.:24:45.

be smaller than the general population. So I think this is

:24:46.:24:50.

sensationalist, really. But there has always been a widely held view

:24:51.:24:59.

linking instability with creativity. You know, Vincent van Gogh off.

:25:00.:25:07.

Absolutely. But I would make the point that to do the job I do, you

:25:08.:25:15.

must be balanced, mentally tough, physically tough, it is 24/7,

:25:16.:25:20.

driving everywhere, writing jokes, it is nonstop, and you must love

:25:21.:25:27.

what you do. You don't have to be mentally ill to work here, blah,

:25:28.:25:33.

blah, but I work for the News quiz and once wrote 80 jokes in two days.

:25:34.:25:44.

Just from thoughts that come into my head, you might be in conversation,

:25:45.:25:51.

generally that. Do you have a short, favourite joke? That is acceptable!

:25:52.:26:04.

Broadcast quality? Maybe not! When I first got the call I thought this

:26:05.:26:08.

was about psychopathic tendencies, and I wrote a joke about it, but it

:26:09.:26:18.

is not the same as psychosis. We are a little bit twisted, it is the most

:26:19.:26:23.

childish job in the world, apart from being an actual child. Children

:26:24.:26:32.

are brilliantly bonkers! I have four of my own and agree with you on

:26:33.:26:39.

that! Thank you very much indeed. That is all from this edition. Next,

:26:40.:26:42.

the weather. Good evening. Hello. A day of sunny spells and

:26:43.:27:01.

scattered showers. Heaviest to the West. Similar tomorrow. Some subtle

:27:02.:27:13.

differences, perhaps showers easing in eastern areas. But low never far

:27:14.:27:14.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS