20/01/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. A question mark looms


over whether the peace talks on Syria due to start this week will go


ahead. With no let-up in the fighting on


the ground - the Opposition say they will withdraw their participation


unless the UN withdraws its invitation to Iran to attend the


talks. The deadline is now. A wake up call 800 million


kilometres from Earth - we look at an extraordinary European space


mission to rendezvous with a moving comet.


Also coming up - escalating violence in Ukraine as opposition leaders


urge more people out onto the streets saying the President's ban


of demonstrations is a threat to the entire country.


And half a century of celebrity watching - we talk to the


photographer Terry O'Neill as a new exhibition showcases his portraits


of the stars. Hello and welcome. Urgent and


intensive discussions are going on now to try to put talks on ending


the Syrian conflict back on track. They were due to start on Wednesday


after the main Syrian umbrella opposition group agreed belatedly to


attend the talks. Then the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon


invited Iran to join the talks and the Syrian opposition suspended


their participation. Iran is a major ally of Damascus. It's not clear how


this diplomatic drama will be resolved. In a moment we'll be


asking the main opposition spokesman what it will take to get them back


to the negotiating table. First our Diplomatic Correspondent James


Robbins. Almost three years of increasingly


brutal conflict in Syria has ripped the country to shreds. The Western


powers are desperate for peace tock. The UN leaned President Assad for


most of the war crimes and said half of the population is dependent on


humanitarian aid. Translation macro terrorism is rife


everywhere. On the political side it is possible


for dialogue. But now the question is will the


peace process in Geneva happen at all? The idea is that President


Assad will have representatives at the talks.


But the opposition is deeply divided. Only the Western backed


Syrian National Coalition is invited, not those regarded as


extremists. Then there are the big international supporters of the


opposing sides. Saudi Arabia is nominally Anne Western ally, but it


supplies weapons to groups the West finds an acceptable. Iran supports


the Assad regime. But no arguments over Iran's part in


any peace effort have put the process in doubt. The UN invited


Iran on the basis it accepted future power-sharing. Ban Ki-Moon has been


warned by the United States to withdraw.


The foreign secretary is in the American camp but worries the peace


process would collapse. We have no problem in principle with Iran


attending, but it has to be on the same basis as all of us.


On Saturday some Syrian opposition leaders voted to join the peace


talks. Iran wants to keep President Assad.


So the chaos in Syria is reflected in political chaos around the peace


tock. As the agony for the Syrian Apple intensifies every day. --


Assyrian population. Let us stay with Iran. The United


States and the European Union has announced they are suspending some


trade restrictions on Iran. Earlier the United Nations nuclear agency


confirmed that Tehran had started curbing uranium enrichment. . The


agency said that Tehran had stopped enriching uranium above five per


cent, well below what would be needed to produce nuclear weapons.


Iran is expecting to resume trade in petrochemicals and precious metals


and retrive billions of dollars of oil revenue frozen overseas.


We were hoping to go to a spokesperson from the Syrian


opposition. We will go to heaven in a moment.


-- we shall go to that spokesperson in a moment.


A leading opposition figure in Ukraine, Vitali Klitschko, has


called on Ukrainians to come to the capital Kiev to join protestors in


what he describes as the battle for the future of the country. Mr


Klitschko made his call after the worst night of violence since


political unrest began nine weeks ago. President Yanukovych has


promised talks with opposition leaders to try to resolve the


crisis. Our correspondent Daniel Sandford sent this report from Kiev.


This morning police were using plastic bullet is. The fighting is


the worst the country has seen in decades and has led to dozens of


injuries. The most serious clashes were in the night. Protesters made


missiles from cobblestones. A few months ago these were demonstrations


in favour of joining the European Union, now they have boiled over


into anger directed at the government and the Russian


presidents. There are only a few hundred truly


violent protesters, but they have earned a dozen police vehicles


overnight. -- they have earned. After two months of protests it was


new laws passed last week that restrict demonstrations that


produced this explosion of anger stop.


It is not a peaceful demonstration any more. The government is


because. Something had to happen. This is the


response to the new law. The president has set up a Coalition


to deal with the crisis. The violent protesters, who seemed to be


supporters of mostly far right groups, have lost patience with the


main parties. Today our wake-up call of sorts


sided 800 million kilometres away in space. It happened on a probe that


has had all systems shut down for two used to save energy. It was


launched in 2004. Its mission was to land on a moving, it later this


year. Did Rosetta managed to wake up? This was the moment everybody at


the European space agency had been waiting for. The computer screen


told the scientists that Rosetta is responding.


Our vast lump of rock and ice. Blasts of vapour sting from its


surface. This animation shows the hostile world that a spacecraft will


try to land on. Throughout human history the glowing tales of comets


have proved both frightening and enchanting. They have remained far


beyond reach and till now this is an audacious budget. We are doing


something we have never done before. We have taken snapshots from


hundreds of kilometres away. Rosetta is going to get up close to the


comets. It was nearly ten years ago that the Rosetta spacecraft was


launched. You need patience to be a space scientist because only now is


the mission approaching it key phase.


This mission will try something daring. It is powered by solar


animals. Each one is 14 metres long. -- solar panels. Rosetta's journey


has seen it race away from Earth and looped past marriage using the


gravity to speed up a series of orbits -- looped past the planet


Mars. It has taken Rosetta towards Jupiter. It is now circling back in.


It is gaining on the comets. If all goes well it will close in for the


first ever attempt to touch down on one of these bizarre objects.


First Rosetta will will orbits the comets. Then it will release a small


craft. Comets are older than the planet so we may learn they brought


as water and the building blocks for life.


Comets act as a time travel capsule. They contain all the earliest water


and organic material that was the. By analysing game we can understand


where our water on Earth came from. How from a swirl of rocks they


eventually got the planets and their life. This mission to the comet may


help answer these questions. Let us talk more about this.


The European space agency have said that this was a unique mission. It


was technologically and philosophically unique. Why are they


saying that? Because it'll tell us so much about


the solar system in which we live and how it formed. Comets hold clues


about what went on 4.5 billion years ago. The chemical signatures that


were around when the planets formed at in the comets. It is difficult to


tell what went on back then because the Earth recycles all its rocks.


You have to go to comets to find evidence for what happened all that


time ago. This simple message that they received means that the


spacecraft is alive and ready to chase down the comet in the next few


months. It will arrive there in the middle of summer. It will take


pictures. It will assess the comets. It will decide where to land.


That'll happen in November. It must have been quite an


experience, the atmosphere must have been quite extraordinary. It has


already delivered some fascinating science.


It has been in space for ten years. In order to get towards the comet


that has had to loop around the planets a few times to pick up the


gravitational energy that needed to get out of the orbit of Jupiter. It


has passed two large asteroids. We have got some fantastic pictures


from those. There is interesting science there as well. This mission


has already delivered but the main focus is yet to come.


Thank you. Now a look at some of the day's


other news. The Central African Republic has a


new interim president. The parliament has voted to choose


Catherine Samba-Panza as the country's new leader. She was mayor


of the capital, Bangui. She'll have the task of trying to restore peace


to a country ravaged by religious conflict. She replaces Michel


Djotodia, the leader of the Seleka rebels who seized power in March.


Police in Pakistan say at least 14 people have been killed by a suicide


bomber in the city of Rawalpindi. The Taliban says it carried out the


blast, which hit a crowded market near the Army's national


headquarters. Eight soldiers are among the dead. The attack comes a


day after another Taliban bombing killed at least 20 soldiers in the


Northwest. A trial involving the French


footballers Franck Ribery and Karim Benzema has begun in Paris with the


two facing up to three years in prison on allegations they slept


with an underage prostitute. The escort in question, Zahia Dehar,


who's now 21, has said she had lied to the players at the time, telling


them that she was 18. Ribery says he didn't know she was a prostitute or


a minor. Benzema denies the allegations.


After years of dizzying growth, China's economy is finally showing


signs of stabilising. Official data suggests that the growth rate of


around 7.7% in 2013 was the same as in 2012. And economists expect 2014


to see the slowest pace of growth since 1990.


One of the great orchestral conductors of recent decades, the


Italian Claudio Abbado has dry. He was 80. Abbado had performed in many


countries across the world. His career also took him to prestigious


venues like La Scala in Milan and the Vienna State Opera. Claudio


Abbado, who'd been ill for several years, had also made hundreds of


recordings from the classical repertoire to 20th century music.


David Hannah looks at his life. Claudio Abbado was the ultimate


musician's musician, revered by the world's great orchestras and opera


houses. In his career, he was musical director at the Berlin


Philharmonic, the London Symphony Orchestra and the Vienna


Philharmonic. He also founded his own all-star Orchestra. Claudio


Abbado made his debut in 1960 in his hometown of Milan. When he returned


where last year he was given a 15 minute standing ovation. His


strength was matched by his mastering of his classical


repertoire and support for music of the 20th century. It is an


extraordinary range of music and it is special because he tried to talk


about his musical quality. Orchestral musicians often talk


about the fact he said very little and rehearsal. It was all in the


performance. A person who was very supportive of musicians. Claudio


Abbado is survived by his second wife and four children and leaves


behind the legacy of hundreds of recorded works.


That was Claudio Abbado who has dry. Some tones are finding it difficult


to cope with the steady influx of refugees from Syria. One tone has


accepted three times more refugees than Sweden's biggest cities. The


tone's reputation as a haven for Orthodox Christians has made it a


magnet for Syrian refugees but beneath the hospitable ear, the tone


is struggling to accommodate an estimated 1000 Syrians who arrived


in 2013. The Maher would like to remove the right of newcomers to


decide where to live some other towns can share the burden. Poverty,


more children that cannot get a good education because you do not involve


-- arrived here at six years of age. Many refugees live in cramped


conditions. With her three children and husband, this woman fled Aleppo


when the fighting became unbearable. To be a refugee is horrible but


compared with other people who are living in tents and then very bad


conditions and are freezing to death and have no food, we have a very


good year. Now where is the welcome better than in education. At this


school, 90% of pupils are from immigrant backgrounds. Only five


indigenous Swedes remain. These is a mess belief in society today that


foreigners and refugees are going to affect the accounts. That is not the


case, it is the opposite. A school with a mixed population of children


get the best results, all research shows that, so that is why a


segregated society is very profound everyone. The tone is expecting to


receive a further 2000 refugees during the coming year. These


numbers will add to the -- unemployment rate, twice the


national average. To the indignation of right-wingers like this, that


means more generous welfare checks. We are being betrayed by the


government. We cannot afford to have an open door policy because in the


long run, we will take more and more and it will take more resources.


With no end in sight and one-way traffic, the government has promised


extra money to municipalities but will not restrict freedom of


movement. Some other news in brief. A court in


China has convicted a man of poisoning dumplings. The food worker


injected them with insecticide in 2008 in a protest against his


employer. The violinist Vanessa Mae is set to


ski for Thailand and the Winter Olympics next month. She has been


competing using her Thai father's surname.


A talented lady. Another talented person is joining me in the studio.


The work of British photographer Terry O'Neill hangs in national


galleries and private collections worldwide. He is regarded as one of


the most important photographers of the 20th century and has taken


pictures of key figures like Hollywood stars, and political


figures from Churchill to Mandela. His ability to build relationships


with his subjects gave him unrivalled access to even the most


private of stars. Terry O'Neill's work over half a century is now the


subject of a new exhibition at the Little Black gallery in London. Did


you like that introduction? Superb, thank you. Remind us, how would you


define your style? I do not know. I just picked up a camera and


accidentally took a picture of somebody who turned out to be


famous, the English Foreign Secretary. A newspaper reporter saw


me and wanted the pictures and took the film and I was offered a job


when the editor saw it because he liked my work. I have never looked


back. We have Audrey Hepburn relaxing in the pool. You could not


mess with horror, a fabulous woman. I wish I had worked more with her.


She was incredible. Looking at this picture, she is normally... Here she


looks quite casual. You just snapped? She hated water, that was


the funny part, but you would never guess. Another great one, Elizabeth


Taylor in make up. She was just about to announce her engagement to


John Warner, the American equivalent of William Hague. Husband number


four or five. That was in moment in the dressing room but she was a


fantastic woman, the hottest star in the world, but she was really a nice


person. Who else have we got? Frank Sinatra surrounded by his body


guards. Ava Gardner, who I got a chance to talk to, I told him I had


a chance to photograph him. This is my first moment and I wondered what


I had let myself in for. He was such a powerful man and he came to


London, or Frankfurt or Philadelphia, and the tone revolved


around them. -- town. Tell us something about their personalities.


If I do not know a person I find out about them because I think it is


important. Brigitte Bardot. That was the last shot on a roll of 35 and I


was waiting and I thought, shall I take it? I could not wait to develop


it and it turned out to be one of my best ever. It was not posed? I am


good at getting moments and watching. That is what I do. David


Bowie. I just say the names and play, ! -- they come up! I was


taking the pictures for Diamond Dogs. When the flash went up, the


dog would leap up. The final one, Joan Collins. You dirty lot of


glamorous women. She is a fantastic woman. She looks as great today as


she did then. We could even get into Western Churchill and Nelson


Mandela... Watch one out of those was your favourite? To work with,


Frank Sinatra and Audrey Hepburn. It was an honour. And the most


beautiful? Ava Gardner, without doubt.


And that investigation, next steps the weather. From me and the team,


goodbye. Although the week has started on a


note, --. I note, it is set to get into when as the week progresses.


Rain moving slowly. Here is an


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