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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. A question mark looms
over whether the peace talks on Syria due to start this week will go
ahead. With no let-up in the fighting on
the ground - the Opposition say they will withdraw their participation
unless the UN withdraws its invitation to Iran to attend the
talks. The deadline is now. A wake up call 800 million
kilometres from Earth - we look at an extraordinary European space
mission to rendezvous with a moving comet.
Also coming up - escalating violence in Ukraine as opposition leaders
urge more people out onto the streets saying the President's ban
of demonstrations is a threat to the entire country.
And half a century of celebrity watching - we talk to the
photographer Terry O'Neill as a new exhibition showcases his portraits
of the stars. Hello and welcome. Urgent and
intensive discussions are going on now to try to put talks on ending
the Syrian conflict back on track. They were due to start on Wednesday
after the main Syrian umbrella opposition group agreed belatedly to
attend the talks. Then the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon
invited Iran to join the talks and the Syrian opposition suspended
their participation. Iran is a major ally of Damascus. It's not clear how
this diplomatic drama will be resolved. In a moment we'll be
asking the main opposition spokesman what it will take to get them back
to the negotiating table. First our Diplomatic Correspondent James
Robbins. Almost three years of increasingly
brutal conflict in Syria has ripped the country to shreds. The Western
powers are desperate for peace tock. The UN leaned President Assad for
most of the war crimes and said half of the population is dependent on
humanitarian aid. Translation macro terrorism is rife
everywhere. On the political side it is possible
for dialogue. But now the question is will the
peace process in Geneva happen at all? The idea is that President
Assad will have representatives at the talks.
But the opposition is deeply divided. Only the Western backed
Syrian National Coalition is invited, not those regarded as
extremists. Then there are the big international supporters of the
opposing sides. Saudi Arabia is nominally Anne Western ally, but it
supplies weapons to groups the West finds an acceptable. Iran supports
the Assad regime. But no arguments over Iran's part in
any peace effort have put the process in doubt. The UN invited
Iran on the basis it accepted future power-sharing. Ban Ki-Moon has been
warned by the United States to withdraw.
The foreign secretary is in the American camp but worries the peace
process would collapse. We have no problem in principle with Iran
attending, but it has to be on the same basis as all of us.
On Saturday some Syrian opposition leaders voted to join the peace
talks. Iran wants to keep President Assad.
So the chaos in Syria is reflected in political chaos around the peace
tock. As the agony for the Syrian Apple intensifies every day. --
Assyrian population. Let us stay with Iran. The United
States and the European Union has announced they are suspending some
trade restrictions on Iran. Earlier the United Nations nuclear agency
confirmed that Tehran had started curbing uranium enrichment. . The
agency said that Tehran had stopped enriching uranium above five per
cent, well below what would be needed to produce nuclear weapons.
Iran is expecting to resume trade in petrochemicals and precious metals
and retrive billions of dollars of oil revenue frozen overseas.
We were hoping to go to a spokesperson from the Syrian
opposition. We will go to heaven in a moment.
-- we shall go to that spokesperson in a moment.
A leading opposition figure in Ukraine, Vitali Klitschko, has
called on Ukrainians to come to the capital Kiev to join protestors in
what he describes as the battle for the future of the country. Mr
Klitschko made his call after the worst night of violence since
political unrest began nine weeks ago. President Yanukovych has
promised talks with opposition leaders to try to resolve the
crisis. Our correspondent Daniel Sandford sent this report from Kiev.
This morning police were using plastic bullet is. The fighting is
the worst the country has seen in decades and has led to dozens of
injuries. The most serious clashes were in the night. Protesters made
missiles from cobblestones. A few months ago these were demonstrations
in favour of joining the European Union, now they have boiled over
into anger directed at the government and the Russian
presidents. There are only a few hundred truly
violent protesters, but they have earned a dozen police vehicles
overnight. -- they have earned. After two months of protests it was
new laws passed last week that restrict demonstrations that
produced this explosion of anger stop.
It is not a peaceful demonstration any more. The government is
because. Something had to happen. This is the
response to the new law. The president has set up a Coalition
to deal with the crisis. The violent protesters, who seemed to be
supporters of mostly far right groups, have lost patience with the
main parties. Today our wake-up call of sorts
sided 800 million kilometres away in space. It happened on a probe that
has had all systems shut down for two used to save energy. It was
launched in 2004. Its mission was to land on a moving, it later this
year. Did Rosetta managed to wake up? This was the moment everybody at
the European space agency had been waiting for. The computer screen
told the scientists that Rosetta is responding.
Our vast lump of rock and ice. Blasts of vapour sting from its
surface. This animation shows the hostile world that a spacecraft will
try to land on. Throughout human history the glowing tales of comets
have proved both frightening and enchanting. They have remained far
beyond reach and till now this is an audacious budget. We are doing
something we have never done before. We have taken snapshots from
hundreds of kilometres away. Rosetta is going to get up close to the
comets. It was nearly ten years ago that the Rosetta spacecraft was
launched. You need patience to be a space scientist because only now is
the mission approaching it key phase.
This mission will try something daring. It is powered by solar
animals. Each one is 14 metres long. -- solar panels. Rosetta's journey
has seen it race away from Earth and looped past marriage using the
gravity to speed up a series of orbits -- looped past the planet
Mars. It has taken Rosetta towards Jupiter. It is now circling back in.
It is gaining on the comets. If all goes well it will close in for the
first ever attempt to touch down on one of these bizarre objects.
First Rosetta will will orbits the comets. Then it will release a small
craft. Comets are older than the planet so we may learn they brought
as water and the building blocks for life.
Comets act as a time travel capsule. They contain all the earliest water
and organic material that was the. By analysing game we can understand
where our water on Earth came from. How from a swirl of rocks they
eventually got the planets and their life. This mission to the comet may
help answer these questions. Let us talk more about this.
The European space agency have said that this was a unique mission. It
was technologically and philosophically unique. Why are they
saying that? Because it'll tell us so much about
the solar system in which we live and how it formed. Comets hold clues
about what went on 4.5 billion years ago. The chemical signatures that
were around when the planets formed at in the comets. It is difficult to
tell what went on back then because the Earth recycles all its rocks.
You have to go to comets to find evidence for what happened all that
time ago. This simple message that they received means that the
spacecraft is alive and ready to chase down the comet in the next few
months. It will arrive there in the middle of summer. It will take
pictures. It will assess the comets. It will decide where to land.
That'll happen in November. It must have been quite an
experience, the atmosphere must have been quite extraordinary. It has
already delivered some fascinating science.
It has been in space for ten years. In order to get towards the comet
that has had to loop around the planets a few times to pick up the
gravitational energy that needed to get out of the orbit of Jupiter. It
has passed two large asteroids. We have got some fantastic pictures
from those. There is interesting science there as well. This mission
has already delivered but the main focus is yet to come.
Thank you. Now a look at some of the day's
other news. The Central African Republic has a
new interim president. The parliament has voted to choose
Catherine Samba-Panza as the country's new leader. She was mayor
of the capital, Bangui. She'll have the task of trying to restore peace
to a country ravaged by religious conflict. She replaces Michel
Djotodia, the leader of the Seleka rebels who seized power in March.
Police in Pakistan say at least 14 people have been killed by a suicide
bomber in the city of Rawalpindi. The Taliban says it carried out the
blast, which hit a crowded market near the Army's national
headquarters. Eight soldiers are among the dead. The attack comes a
day after another Taliban bombing killed at least 20 soldiers in the
Northwest. A trial involving the French
footballers Franck Ribery and Karim Benzema has begun in Paris with the
two facing up to three years in prison on allegations they slept
with an underage prostitute. The escort in question, Zahia Dehar,
who's now 21, has said she had lied to the players at the time, telling
them that she was 18. Ribery says he didn't know she was a prostitute or
a minor. Benzema denies the allegations.
After years of dizzying growth, China's economy is finally showing
signs of stabilising. Official data suggests that the growth rate of
around 7.7% in 2013 was the same as in 2012. And economists expect 2014
to see the slowest pace of growth since 1990.
One of the great orchestral conductors of recent decades, the
Italian Claudio Abbado has dry. He was 80. Abbado had performed in many
countries across the world. His career also took him to prestigious
venues like La Scala in Milan and the Vienna State Opera. Claudio
Abbado, who'd been ill for several years, had also made hundreds of
recordings from the classical repertoire to 20th century music.
David Hannah looks at his life. Claudio Abbado was the ultimate
musician's musician, revered by the world's great orchestras and opera
houses. In his career, he was musical director at the Berlin
Philharmonic, the London Symphony Orchestra and the Vienna
Philharmonic. He also founded his own all-star Orchestra. Claudio
Abbado made his debut in 1960 in his hometown of Milan. When he returned
where last year he was given a 15 minute standing ovation. His
strength was matched by his mastering of his classical
repertoire and support for music of the 20th century. It is an
extraordinary range of music and it is special because he tried to talk
about his musical quality. Orchestral musicians often talk
about the fact he said very little and rehearsal. It was all in the
performance. A person who was very supportive of musicians. Claudio
Abbado is survived by his second wife and four children and leaves
behind the legacy of hundreds of recorded works.
That was Claudio Abbado who has dry. Some tones are finding it difficult
to cope with the steady influx of refugees from Syria. One tone has
accepted three times more refugees than Sweden's biggest cities. The
tone's reputation as a haven for Orthodox Christians has made it a
magnet for Syrian refugees but beneath the hospitable ear, the tone
is struggling to accommodate an estimated 1000 Syrians who arrived
in 2013. The Maher would like to remove the right of newcomers to
decide where to live some other towns can share the burden. Poverty,
more children that cannot get a good education because you do not involve
-- arrived here at six years of age. Many refugees live in cramped
conditions. With her three children and husband, this woman fled Aleppo
when the fighting became unbearable. To be a refugee is horrible but
compared with other people who are living in tents and then very bad
conditions and are freezing to death and have no food, we have a very
good year. Now where is the welcome better than in education. At this
school, 90% of pupils are from immigrant backgrounds. Only five
indigenous Swedes remain. These is a mess belief in society today that
foreigners and refugees are going to affect the accounts. That is not the
case, it is the opposite. A school with a mixed population of children
get the best results, all research shows that, so that is why a
segregated society is very profound everyone. The tone is expecting to
receive a further 2000 refugees during the coming year. These
numbers will add to the -- unemployment rate, twice the
national average. To the indignation of right-wingers like this, that
means more generous welfare checks. We are being betrayed by the
government. We cannot afford to have an open door policy because in the
long run, we will take more and more and it will take more resources.
With no end in sight and one-way traffic, the government has promised
extra money to municipalities but will not restrict freedom of
movement. Some other news in brief. A court in
China has convicted a man of poisoning dumplings. The food worker
injected them with insecticide in 2008 in a protest against his
employer. The violinist Vanessa Mae is set to
ski for Thailand and the Winter Olympics next month. She has been
competing using her Thai father's surname.
A talented lady. Another talented person is joining me in the studio.
The work of British photographer Terry O'Neill hangs in national
galleries and private collections worldwide. He is regarded as one of
the most important photographers of the 20th century and has taken
pictures of key figures like Hollywood stars, and political
figures from Churchill to Mandela. His ability to build relationships
with his subjects gave him unrivalled access to even the most
private of stars. Terry O'Neill's work over half a century is now the
subject of a new exhibition at the Little Black gallery in London. Did
you like that introduction? Superb, thank you. Remind us, how would you
define your style? I do not know. I just picked up a camera and
accidentally took a picture of somebody who turned out to be
famous, the English Foreign Secretary. A newspaper reporter saw
me and wanted the pictures and took the film and I was offered a job
when the editor saw it because he liked my work. I have never looked
back. We have Audrey Hepburn relaxing in the pool. You could not
mess with horror, a fabulous woman. I wish I had worked more with her.
She was incredible. Looking at this picture, she is normally... Here she
looks quite casual. You just snapped? She hated water, that was
the funny part, but you would never guess. Another great one, Elizabeth
Taylor in make up. She was just about to announce her engagement to
John Warner, the American equivalent of William Hague. Husband number
four or five. That was in moment in the dressing room but she was a
fantastic woman, the hottest star in the world, but she was really a nice
person. Who else have we got? Frank Sinatra surrounded by his body
guards. Ava Gardner, who I got a chance to talk to, I told him I had
a chance to photograph him. This is my first moment and I wondered what
I had let myself in for. He was such a powerful man and he came to
London, or Frankfurt or Philadelphia, and the tone revolved
around them. -- town. Tell us something about their personalities.
If I do not know a person I find out about them because I think it is
important. Brigitte Bardot. That was the last shot on a roll of 35 and I
was waiting and I thought, shall I take it? I could not wait to develop
it and it turned out to be one of my best ever. It was not posed? I am
good at getting moments and watching. That is what I do. David
Bowie. I just say the names and play, ! -- they come up! I was
taking the pictures for Diamond Dogs. When the flash went up, the
dog would leap up. The final one, Joan Collins. You dirty lot of
glamorous women. She is a fantastic woman. She looks as great today as
she did then. We could even get into Western Churchill and Nelson
Mandela... Watch one out of those was your favourite? To work with,
Frank Sinatra and Audrey Hepburn. It was an honour. And the most
beautiful? Ava Gardner, without doubt.
And that investigation, next steps the weather. From me and the team,
goodbye. Although the week has started on a
note, --. I note, it is set to get into when as the week progresses.
Rain moving slowly. Here is an