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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kassia Madera. Russia has said
it's willing to work with the West to resolve the crisis in Ukraine.
Military movement within Ukraine is raising tension. The new interim
prime minister says they don't want ANY foreign intervention.
No boots on the ground. Ukrainian Department of defence and Ukrainian
Department of home security is capable of doing their job.
The German Chancellor addresses the British Parliament saying she wants
a strong UK with a strong voice in Europe.
Also coming up: returning to scene of the crime - The Italian captain
of the Costa Concordia cruise ship visits the wreck as part of his
manslaughter trial. And we'll take you to the world's
oldest art - Caves in Northern Spain open for a select few to visit place
called the prehistoric Sistine Chapel.
Hello and welcome. Western nations have called on Russia to ease
tensions in Ukraine's Crimea region. The US Secretary of State has said
everyone needs to take a step back and avoid provocation. The Russian
Government has said it's willing to work with the west on averting a
crisis in Ukraine, but it has warned NATO against taking decisions on
behalf of the Ukrainian people. All the tension comes as armed
pro-Russia supporters stormed the regional parliament in Simferopol.
This idiot in Ukraine but the crowds were shouting Russia today as they
celebrated the storming of the local parliament by men with guns. The
building was barricaded so that MPs could not come and go and nobody
knows who the occupiers are. It shows how little control the
Ukrainian Government has in Crimea, a peninsular in the south-east of
the country. The heavily armed men took over the parliament at about
four o'clock this morning. Witnesses say they were carrying rifles and
grenades and forced their way and throughout the police who been
guarding the building. This morning's actions by an armed
group is dangerous and irresponsible. I urge Russia not to
take any action that could escalate tension.
But along the border with Ukraine, Russia is conducting what it calls
military preparedness exercises. It involves thousands of men. Given the
interest in Crimea which was historically Russian, it has only
exacerbated concerns in the West. We expect other nations to respect
Ukraine sovereignty and avoid provocative action. That is why I am
closely watching Russia's military exercise.
The alarm increased when seven armoured personnel carriers, thought
to be Russian, briefly turned up on the outskirts of the city. They've
probably part of a legitimate between bases. Ukraine's new prime
Minister begged other countries not to get involved militarily.
My first message is no boots on the ground. The Ukrainian Department of
defence and the Ukrainian Department of home security is capable of doing
their job. We believe that we will definitely find a political
solution. Ukraine's deposed president, Viktor
Yanukovych, has not been scenes on Sunday night. But tomorrow, he will
give a press conference in Russia. 70 miles from the Ukrainian border.
Following developments from Kiev is Duncan Crawford. Duncan, we heard
there from the new interim prime minister, saying they don't want
foreign boots on the ground. Is the new Government trying to play down
all the sabre rattling? I think there is concern about the
situation but clearly they do not want it to escalate. The new leaders
coming into power have seen difficult times before with Russia.
There is no surprise that Ukraine and Russia can get into arguments
over matters like this. There have indeed been separatist goals in the
past from Crimea as well. Earlier today, the interim prime minister
told the BBC that he does not expect Russia to interfere in Ukraine. He
believes that Russia will refrain from trying to take any action which
would see Ukraine split in two. Tonight, the US Secretary of State,
John Kerry, said the military manoeuvres which have been taking
place in the West of Russia, right along the Ukrainian border, they
were preplanned. He spoke to Sergei Lavrov, the Russian Foreign
Minister. There is a sense that the key players involved in orders are
trying to downplay the tensions. Thank you.
With me is the political risk analyst Natasha Grand. She's
Director of Research at the think tank INSTID.
We heard Duncan say that there is hope that Russia will not get
involved militarily. We have seen these exercises on the border. What
you make of this? Is there an appetite and Russia to do anything
further? I agree that Russia would not be
willing to be seen as the country who is rocking the boat. We have had
enough bad publicity. Also, the Russian foreign policy has been very
much underlying the stress on international law. Russia would want
to be seen as an important international player. One of the
great powers who sits at the table together with Europe, together with
United States and see how they can resolve this together. Ukraine is
not likely to make it on its own. There needs to be international
agreement. It is fair to say that Russia will be willing to be part of
a legitimate agreement. Having said that, it is important to understand
that this city is an important location because it is unable base.
For centuries, Russia has been fighting words to get access to the
Black Sea. The previous Government leased the military base to Russia.
The majority of the population in the Crimea is Russian. It is very
different from the rest of Ukraine. This particular region needs to be
regulated separately and Russia will be paying a lot of attention to
that. It is crucially important for
Russia, this particular region. Who do you think these people are who
have taken control in Crimea? Probably local people. Crimea only
became part of Ukraine in 1964. There is a long history of Russian
tradition in that area. It would most likely be local residents,
being very weary of what is happening in Ukraine.
In terms of what you think the next situation is going to be, or the
next steps are going to be, we have the referendum and of course we have
the former president Yanukovych making a statement on Friday, what
you expect to happen? We should expect further
negotiations, very intense to gushy Asians happening both publicly and
behind the scenes between the Ukrainian Government and
international players. Nobody is willing to put boots on the ground
now. Everyone wants the situation resolved peacefully and it is just
about flexing some muscles, perhaps, to show what each side is capable
of, the stakes are very high, but as I say, it would be better for all if
the result is peacefully. We will continue to monitor that
situation. Thank you. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has
said she will work with Britain to reform Europe saying she wants it to
remain a strong voice inside the EU. Chancellor Merkel was given the rare
honour of addressing both houses of the British parliament. While she
did not speak about Britain's possible re-negotiation of its
relationship with the European Union, as many had expected, she did
urge Britain to remain within the EU. Our political correspondent Rob
Watson reports. She is the most powerful politician in Europe and
only the second German leader to address parliament since the war.
Her message to the Eurosceptics is that the EU had helped to bring
peace and prosperity to the continent. She had not come to
London to promise a radical shake-up.
Some expect my speech to pave the way for a fundamental reform of the
European architecture, which will satisfy all kinds of alleged or
actual British wishes. I am afraid they are in for a disappointment.
She insisted that Europe does need to change and move with the times.
That would be easier with Britain still a member.
We need a strong united kingdom with a strong voice inside the European
Union. If we have that, we will be able to make the necessary changes
for the benefit of all. The two leaders clearly are not
entirely in step over the future of Europe but David Cameron insists
they are at least on the same side and that change can and must happen.
We had excellent discussions at lunch time. Angela Merkel and I both
want to see change in Europe. We both believe that is possible. I
believe that what I am setting out, sort of changes that Britain wants
to see, to build confidence in membership this organisation, and we
will hold the referendum before 2017 and give the public a choice.
Angela Merkel has been treated like what the Mac royalty, enjoying tea
with the Queen. She does not have a lack of love here, it is the lack of
detail that matters. Britain is pushing for reform of the EU but it
will not see just what changes it wants. It may be that the Queen will
have to provide a whole host of European leaders very great deal of
tea between now and the prime Minister's planned referendum in
2017. Getting some any countries to agree reforms clearly will not be a
piece of cake. The captain of the Costa Concordia
returned to the stricken cruise ship, more than two years after it
sank in a tragedy that claimed 32 lives. Francesco Schetino stands
accused of abandoning the ship and went on the visit as part of a
court-ordered inspection of the vessel, which still lies in the
shallows off the Italian island of Giglio. From there, Alan Johnston
sent this report. Returning to the scene of the disaster, Captain
Schettino is heading for the Concordia. Going back for the first
time, since that night. He joined 18 appointed by a court to examine
evidence on board. We cannot know what was going through his mind as
he moved about the wreck of his ship. Surely, there are memories of
the moment of his downfall. The shocking collision, the slow
realisation that the ship was lost. The deaths. Images from the
nightmare more than two years ago. The captain is accused of abandoning
his ship while hundreds of passengers were still aboard. They
were struggling to reach lifeboats. A furious Coast Guard commander
ordered Sketty knock again and again to get back on board. -- they
ordered Captain Schettino to get back on board. After his visit to
the wreck, he confronted his accusers. He refused to discuss his
emotions, wanting to stick instead to technical detail surrounding the
evidence gathering inspection that had just been completed. The
captain's trial is continuing and he faces the possibility of spending 20
years in jail. Meanwhile, plans are unfolding to refloat the wreck of
his ship and remove at the summer. But for the families of the victims
of the disaster, the memory of all that they lost in this place will
always remain. Let's catch up with some of the day 's other news, in
its latest report on files leaked by US whistle-blower Edward Snowden,
the Guardian newspaper in London says GCHQ with the help of the
American national a security agency intercepted and stored still images
of your whole webcam chats. A suicide car bomb has exploded in the
Somali capital Mogadishu killing at least 12 people and wounding eight
others. The explosion occurred outside the headquarters of the
security services. The al-Qaeda-linked al-Shabab group has
claimed responsibility. The explosion comes just days after an
attack on the presidential palace. A second member of the "Cuban Five"
spy ring has been released from an American prison after spending more
than 15 years behind bars. It's not clear where Fernando Gonzalez is now
being held or when he will return to Cuba. The five were convicted in
2001 of conspiracy, but they are hailed as heroes in Havana.
Don't leave it too late to have children, it's a warning that women
hear all too often, myself included. Now a major new study suggests that
the male biological clock may be ticking just as loudly. Research
involving millions of people shows that children, whose fathers are
over 45 years old, are more likely to suffer from a wide range of
disorders and problems. The investigation has been conducted
jointly by Sweden's Karolinska Institute and Indiana University, in
the United States. Brian D'Onofrio is the lead
researcher on this and he joins us now from Indiana University in
Bloomington in Indiana. This is a huge study. Just talk us
through what are the key findings. The key finding is that as father 's
age, we found that was associated with greater risk of children's
problems, psychiatric and academic and what was most important and most
surprising was that the association was much larger than previous
studies. Are you suggesting that male sperm actually has a sell by
date? That is one of the hypotheses that can explain the findings but
there are other explanations that can account for the increased risk
in the offspring as well. There are some suggestions that older fathers
parent their children in different ways than younger fathers. Perhaps
they provide less supervision, less emotional support, that is one of
the hypotheses. There could be a genetic explanation. How concerned
should we be? We have so many different studies and it is mainly
women actually whose ear about this biological clock. How concerned
should men be? That is a great question and let me be clear, we are
not saying that every child will have a psychiatric problem, in fact
our study shows that the overwhelming majority of children
will not have these problems. But we are saying that is fathers get
older, it increases the likelihood that their children will have
tricked and academic problems. -- psychiatric. Older fathers have a
lock themselves to offer that could counteract these kind of problems
that you are suggesting. Yes, that is a great point. There are many
advantages to delaying child-bearing. They are all very
protective factors for kids but answered these -- our study suggest
there are greater risks. Couples will have to make decisions,
weighing up the pros and cons. Very good to talk to you. I am very
pleased to hear that the men can hear that biological clock as well.
Thank you very much for your time. In Los Angeles, excitement is
building in advance of this weekend's Academy Award ceremony.
While there seems to be consensus selections when it comes to some of
the trophies there's little agreement over who will triumph in
the best foreign film category. Tom Brook reports now on who's in the
race. This film from Belgium is the only
foreign language nominee with a strong musical theme. It brings
together American bluegrass with the Flemish language drama. A
relationship unravels after the death of this couple 's daughter.
The Academy has nominated Cambodia for the first time this year. It is
a documentary chronicling how the Camaro Rouge 's rain of terror
affected families. Italy is any race with the great beauty, it follows a
journalist in Rome as he ponders his life. Some of the world is bigger
film markets, the US in the digger, are resistant to movies with
subtitle is that subtitles. Palestinian film director has been
meeting the press. The nomination will help you as a
foreign-language movie. It will help you win United States but also in
the world. It is the second time this director has been nominated. It
is a love story set on the West Bank. It tells of a Palestinian who
gets involved in the shooting of an Israeli soldier. I think it is tough
for Israelis to watch. I am also encouraged by the Israeli
crewmembers that we had working with us. They felt that this was a very
powerful story that needed to be told. Also in the running for a foul
-- foreign-language film Oscar is denatured film the hunt. It
chronicles a close community when a teacher is falsely accused of child
molestation and everyone turns against him. A new open voting
system has made it difficult to predict the winner. But when pushed,
many forecasters believe the prize will go to the Belgian tear-jerker.
Next month, the Internet will turn 25 at years old. That is the day it
was first introduced as a concept. A lot has happened in the past two
decades. A research data in the US have compiled data on how Americans
have used this data through the decades.
Happy birthday World Wide Web. You are almost 25 years young. On March
12, 1989, the paper was written that would lead to the creation of the
web. The Internet had been around for years but the web is what
allowed regular folks to take advantage of the technology. How did
Americans respond as the web grew up? Let's head down memory lane.
Almost half said it would not be all that great to use computers for
sending messages. We seemed pretty naive in 1983. They predicted the
pitfalls of online shopping when Amazon was still just a river.
Fast forward to 1995, according to the reaches Centre, 42% of Americans
had still never heard of the Internet. But they were already
getting attached to technology. A majority said it would be hard to
give up their computer. Time marched on, long with use of the Internet.
One in ten people still are not online. But today the web is the
number one technology people are loathed to give up. We all know that
the World Wide Web can be a wild West of behaviour. But a majority of
those survey to say the Internet is good for strengthening
relationships. This positively women crew positivity expands across all
demographics. Mostly it has been a good ride on the information
superhighway. A few lucky people in Spain have been given the
opportunity to see some of the oldest art on the planet. The
colourful cave paintings on the ceilings of the Altamira caves,
which show bison, deer and horses, date back 22,000 years. Five people
have been selected through a lottery to see the site, which has been
called the Sistine Chapel ceiling of cave art.
You as a young child actually visited the originals. That is
extraordinary. Yes, on a camping holiday in Spain. We visited the
cave. And I think probably it had such an impression on me, it was
what started me into archaeology. And you are probably one of the last
few to see it. Since then, it has been decided that humans should not
be anywhere near it. Humans enlarged members. Yes, it became such a
popular attraction that it was necessary to close it so that all of
the breathing and perspiring and taking in seeds and things on your
shoes had to stop. Such a shame. We are looking at some of the images.
Talk as to what we can see on these incredible drawings. It is an
extraordinary cave. The ceiling is not very high. It is a little bit
misleading to refer to the Sistine Chapel because as you go in, it is
about two metres high and then it slopes down to very low. Only part
of it is high above you. As you look up, around the formations in the
ceiling of the cave, you can see this wonderful group of bison, which
the artists have used the humps and bumps to create the shoulders and
the big hindquarters of these animals. Very impressively into
colours. Often the outline is black and then they will fill with this
red. Of course, when it was first done, this was all done in the
flickering light of lamp is and burning torches, without moving
light, these animals would have almost breathed from the ceiling.
Amazing. Just to think that these are 22,000 years old. Very briefly,
how important are these drawings, historically? Enormously important.
Both historically and in terms of the art itself. It is the first case
to be discovered with art and still over 100 years later, one of the
best. I could talk to you all night but unfortunately, we are out of
time. Thank you so much. Good night. A wintry night ahead. In the north,
the warnings are out for ice. Further south, we could well have
some snow won the hills. It is all tied in with this area