28/02/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Zeinab Badawi. The new interim


Ukrainian government has accused Russia of a military invasion and


occupation. Men presumed to be Russian are armed and patrolling two


airports in the Southern Crimea region. They have reportedly cut of


phone lines with Ukraine and Russia denies a military takeover.


Meanwhile, has Viktor Yanukovich lost his grip on reality? He turns


up in Russia and holds a press conference insisting he's still


president. TRANSLATION: I am eager and ready to


fight for the future of Ukraine. Also coming up, Uganda faces a


financial backlash to its new anti-gay law. And Nigeria marks the


100th anniversary of its creation as a state - but with Sharia law in the


north and killings by Boko Haram militants, what unity is there to


celebrate? And rolling out the red carpet for the frocks and shocks -


we take you behind the scenes as Hollywood gears up for Oscars night.


Hello and welcome. The UN Security Council is about to hold crisis


talks on Ukraine. This comes after its interim government accused


Moscow of a military invasion and occupation. It's been reported that


armed men seized buildings and are patrolling the streets in armoured


vehicles in the Crimea region. Crimea is a Black Sea peninsula that


belonged to Russia until 60 years ago, and most of its population are


ethnic-Russian. Meanwhile, in Russia itself the ousted Ukrainian


president, Viktor Yanukovych, has appeared in public for the first


time since he fled Kiev, insisting he was still president. Daniel


Sandford reports from Sevastopol in Crimea.


Crimea's main connection to the outside world today in the hands of


men with machine guns. The airport in south-east Ukraine controlled --


patrolled by men without markings on their uniforms. Men in green


military uniforms have taken over the building containing the control


tower in Crimea's main civilian airport. All day military trucks


were on the move through Crimea, although it is a region of Ukraine,


the Black Sea fleet from Russia are based here. Troops loyal to Moscow


were in control of the main military airport near Sevastopol to. -- near


Sevastopol, too. But this woman is suspicious of the new Kiev


government, like many in Sevastopol, and supported the


Russian move. TRANSLATION: Who else can we turn


to? Who else can defend us? Thank goodness the Russian fleet is here.


This Russian naval ship appeared at Balaklava Bay, another show of


strength by the Russian armed forces. Ukraine appears to have lost


control of the Seas and the main airport in Crimea, a major strategic


region. As the country fell apart, there were angry scenes in the


national parliament. The new security chief pointed the finger


directly at Moscow. TRANSLATION: Crimean sub nothing to


do with the events in Crimea. These are extremists and separatist


groups. In Russia, the ousted Ukrainian


president, Viktor Yanukovych, appeared in public for the first


time since he fled last week. He said he was ashamed he had not been


able to hold onto power during the Kiev uprising, and apologised for


failing to keep stability. TRANSLATION: I am eager and ready to


fight for the future of Ukraine. I was forced to leave. There were


threats to my life and to people close to me. The city was taken by


fascist folks who are in the minority in Ukraine. Although


Ukraine has lost control of Crimea, including the main TV station, no


shots have been fired. This is not yet a war. Kiev has not moved to


reassert control. And if it does, Moscow made it clear today that its


troops are waiting. Now to David Stern in Kiev. David,


there are reports coming in about troop movements and so on. What do


you know? Well, we don't know much more than what is being reported.


There are troop movements into one of the military airports in


Sevastopol. It should be said there are regular troop movements into


Crimea because this is where the Russian Black Sea Fleet has its main


base. The question is, why add these troop movements taking place now?


How large are they? What do they intend to do? We cannot answer these


questions. It does raise tensions even further. As Daniel Sandford was


saying, there is concern about these troops. Even though they do not have


insignia, the Interior Minister has accused Russia of staging an


invasion. It is not clear what is going to happen next. They are


asking for roadside assistance. What about the reports about beating


indications being intercepted and flights cancelled get -- etc? That


is also something we're looking into. Difficult to say what is


happening with the mobile phone connections. We do have landline


connections with Crimea. We are also hearing from journalists here in


Kiev that flights have been cancelled until half past six


tomorrow evening, tentatively. There are difficulties. People are


becoming very concerned about being able to get into the Crimean


peninsula, which juts out into the Black Sea. What kind of reaction has


there been to that appearance by Viktor Yanukovych and is rather long


press conference from inside Russian territory? A bit of everything, you


could say. Kiev, of course, is a Bastian of anti-Viktor Yanukovych


feeling. This is where the protest movement has been based. Behind me


is the heart of the protest movement. There was mostly disbelief


and disdain, especially when Viktor Yanukovych said he was still


president. He has disappeared for about a week now. This was his first


public appearance. He said he was still president and he would fight


for the future of Ukraine. But many people here, at least the ones I was


speaking to, were very doubtful. David Stern. With me now is Anatol


Lieven, a professor at King's College London and author of Ukraine


and Russia: Fraternal Rivals. How far is the rivalry is -- how far


is the rivalry going right now? By the Russians tried to take over


Crimea? Yes, basically! Russia insuring Crimea against takeover by


Kiev. Crimea is an outcome as part of the Ukraine. It has a degree of


separation already. The vast majority of its population are


ethnic Russians. Yes. And they are seriously worried. One of the first


actions of the new parliament in Kiev was to abolish the official


status of the Russian language. You think some of their fears are


justified about Ukrainian nationalism? There is a very strong


ultranationalist component in the protest in Kiev, and they hate


Russians. So, yes. Do you think that particular aspect of this conflict


is not being sufficiently considered, and that people accused


Russia of sabre rattling? Yes, I do think that. This move by the


Ukrainian parliament should have been immediately denounced by


Western governments if they wish to maintain any credibility with


Russian speakers in Ukraine and indeed with Moscow. And also, just


in the interest of civic peace in Ukraine. So I do think that


everybody needs to take a step back at the moment. It is clear that this


is becoming a really dangerous situation. What do you think will


happen? We do not really know who is patrolling the streets in Crimea.


Who seized the buildings. Is there any doubt in your mind? Put it this


way, if these are not Russian soldiers and if they are locals,


they are certainly locals that have been encouraged and armed by


Russians, I think. I don't think Russia is aiming at independence for


Crimea, or breaking away Crimea. I think Russia is using Crimea as a


bargaining counter to try to retain a measure of influence over the


Ukraine as a whole. And to protect not just the Russians of Crimea but


the Russians of eastern and southern Ukraine. At the moment this is only


a game of manoeuvre. Of course, if the U -- new Ukrainian government


were to take action in Crimea, then you would have war. Russia would


fight. On that rather sombre note of what might possibly happen, thank


you very much. Let's go to our correspondent in Crimea and who has


travelled through Sevastopol. Christian Fraser. Christian, are you


able to tell us more about these unconfirmed reports that four


Russian transport planes have landed at an airport in Simferopol? We are


trying to keep track of all these rumours at the moment. My hunch


would be that we will not get near. We have seen all of the airports


today, the presence of these undefined military units, highly


trained. Well armed. When they deploy around the roads, they move


in a professional manner. As your previous guest said, I think there


is an enormous power play on the way here. I was interested in his


comment is that if they need to move, they are in a good position to


begin a war. I don't think they really need to do that. It is not


really a war. They are already in place. They hold some key strategic


points. Telecommunications companies saying they have taken over


telecommunications. State TV says it has been surrounded. The airport has


been secured. The local parliament building is under armed guard. And


we have got this ship which is patrolling outside Balaklava Bay.


All of the key areas our secure. If the Kremlin and President Putin


wants to squeeze, he can do that very effectively. And it seems, it


would appear, there is very little the new interim government in Kiev


can do. What about these reports that all flights to the airport have


been cancelled, post-boned or just held on the ground? -- postponed.


Are you able to confirm that? I know the main Ukrainian airline flying in


from Kiev tonight was stopped from doing that. I know a colleague was


coming from Istanbul and he was -- that flight was stopped. And


outbound flight to stumble was stopped. Russian colleagues went to


the airport and asked what was going on. They were told the airspace was


closed. We do not know if it is closed indefinitely. Is it closed


because these four transport aircraft are coming in with troops


on board? That is possible. Or they just trying to sabre rattle? We just


don't know at this moment. What I can tell you is that the majority


ethnic Russian population here are practically applauding what is going


on. They are not dissatisfied with the fact that Russia is flexing its


muscles here in the peninsular. In fact, they feel quite secure because


it is doing that. They do not like what is going on in Kiev. Many of


those we spoke to today said they were quite pleased with what was


happening. Thank you very much, Christian


Fraser. Adding to the background there. Tension building in Crimea.


Moving to Africa now. Nigeria is marking a hundred years since two


British territories were merged together to form what is now


Africa's most populous country, with about 170 million people living


there. Nigeria is a vibrant and energetic country, but the past


hundred years have also seen much bloodshed - a bloody civil war,


several coups and now a vicious terror campaign waged by Boko Haram


in the north. Tomi Oladipo has this overview of Nigeria at 100.


I found that the greater part of the country was under Muslim rulers.


This man was the Governor general when the state of Nigeria was


created. He oversaw a rocky transition. Even after


independence, the divisions often showed along religious and ethnic


lines. An Army officer protested the killing of Ebor people in northern


Nigeria. In 1967 he led the breakaway of the poor state of by


Afro. A bloody civil war ensued. The country has not experienced any


bloodshed of that magnitude since but there have been ethnic and


religious clashes in many parts, and an ongoing insurgency led by Boko


Haram. The introduction of Sharia law in some northern states has been


controversial. These people, like many others, are keen to live in


peace. We are not affected by Sharia law. It is only those who practice


Sharia law who are affected. We the Christians, we live within our


domain and we continue with our lives peacefully. To nowadays the


politicians are really out, you know, using the youth negatively for


their own selfish interest. Otherwise, this is a place where you


can practice your religion freely. This week, world leaders are in the


capital to celebrate the anniversary. It is a chance to


celebrate freedom despite the rest hurdles.


I think the bringing together of what was once a disparate peoples


has been an overwhelming success. There is a big prince even the last


100 years, significant progress. There are clearly challenges. The


significant problems around the country have led some to cast doubt


over the future. You can't do anything about Boko


Haram. The country will disintegrate if we do not seize the initiative.


The suggestion of a break-up is contentious because of better


feeling of past events. Nigeria is experiencing growth, largely because


of its oil. The question is how long will this last?


I am joined by Nick Wescott, the European Union's most senior member


in charge of relations with West Africa. I know you are marking the


100 year anniversary. Is there much to celebrate, where is the unity?


There is much to celebrate. They took that fateful decision to keep


the old borders and that was very smart. Anything else would have led


to warfare. At those mean that all these enormously diverse societies


have to find a way to live together. That is the point? They are not


finding it a way to live together. I think it is still one country and


justifies celebrating its achievement. It has had a war, in


revolt in the North, violence in the States in the middle, and this is,


not excusable, but often the reason why countries take a while to find


the right balance. And to develop that all events that it is both to


allow people to have their say. There is a particular problem in the


north, it is terribly poor and that helps fuel the discontent.


He said unless very active steps are taken the country could


disintegrate. That is true. There has to be active


and good government. The oil money won't last for ever and if it


doesn't spread the benefits more smoothly, which it doesn't, it will


lead to conflict. So the government have a big casque to do,


particularly to develop agriculture and manufacturing.


Is it going the right way? We have had very public splits.


It is a good thing those issues are being raised. They now need to find


a way to resolve them and do so transparently. By now it that -- I


take it as encouraging the recent signs.


Now let's turn our attention to Uganda. President Yoweri Museveni


claims he's being blackmailed by the withdrawal of aid to his country in


reaction to the draconian anti-gay legislation he signed into law on


Monday. Uganda is heavily dependent on foreign aid. It is the world's


twentieth largest recipient. The United States now says it is


reviewing its relationship with Uganda, which could affect the $400


million of aid it gives to Kampala. The Netherlands has already frozen a


subsidy worth $9.5 million to Uganda's legal system. The Dutch


government says it does not want to assist the process of enforcing the


new anti-gay laws. Norway says it's withholding more than $8 million in


development aid. And Denmark is diverting just over $9 million from


the government and giving it to NGOs and human rights groups instead. And


the World Bank has postponed its $90 million in funds that were earmarked


for health services. When we look at this, the cuts in


bilateral aid we have just heard about but is that you going to do


something similar? We are looking at this because it is


very serious. It is not just a cultural issue, it is discrimination


against a minority. It is contrary to Uganda's international


undertakings. I hope the court will stand by but it is a very worrying


situation. Are you going to review the


situation and possibly not get paid. We have an agreement with a number


of agreements including respecting human rights. This may not be the


only human rights issue we have two rays with Uganda and on the basis of


that we go ahead. -- issue we have two rays raise.


We have seen countries suspended because they don't like this or that


policy. This is not a cultural issue, it is


about fundamental human rights. It is because they are a minority who


cannot help the way they are and so should be accepted and tolerated.


For many years we discriminated against Thomas sexual is in the West


and we learned from our mistakes. If you do as some countries have and


diverts money, that can put them in a precarious situation in their own


country. Our job is to help people in Uganda,


people of every religion or minority, so we want to get our aid


to those people. We do not want this to become a cultural war between


Africa and the West, that's not what it is. Is there a danger of that


happening? There should not be because this is


a fundamental question. I would be worried about legislation of this


kind that enables people to be arrested.


Thank you very much. Now a look at some of the days other


news. The online currency exchange Mount Gox has filed for bankruptcy


protection in Japan, with debts totalling around $65 million. It


went offline earlier this week. Its owner now says hundreds of thousands


of Bitcoins worth several hundred million dollars are unaccounted for.


A court in Russia has placed the opposition leader Alexei Navalny


under house arrest for violating travel restrictions. He's being


investigated for alleged corruption, charges which he says are


politically motivated. Under the ruling, Alexei Navalny will no


longer be allowed access to a phone or the internet, in effect blocking


his online anti-government campaign. In Myanmar, the government has


suspended the operations of Medecins Sans Frontieres, one of the biggest


aid agencies working in its troubled Rakhine State. A government


spokesperson claimed that the charity had been biased in favour of


the State's Muslim Rohingya minority.


It is the annual highlight in the glittering Hollywood calendar: the


Oscars when the stars on-screen and behind the scenes gather to


celebrate, congratulate and commiserate with the winners and the


losers. Quite a range of favourites this year - the science fiction


movie Gravity, the emotion of Dallas Buyers Club and the brutal depiction


of American slavery in 12 Years A Slave. In addition to the audience


at the Oscars, tens of millions will be watching on televisions around


the world this Sunday. A lot of attention will be on that red carpet


outside the The Dolby Theatre. That's where Lizo Mzimba is now and


joins me. All the preparation going on


behind-the-scenes so take us what is going to happen -- take us through


what is going to happen. There has been the organisation


going on for months. The press are starting to camp out. It is being


run like a military operation. Who is going to be triumphant on the


night? Well, it is not going to be a year when one film sweeps the board


but there are art films such as 12 Years A Slave, a film with a British


director and star. That is the favourite for best film but there is


also American Hustle which has ten nominations and Gravity which is


expected to win lots of technical categories whereas American


Hustle's best chance will probably be in the acting and screenplay


categories. There are so many other films in the mix as well including


Leonardo DiCaprio's film and Philomena with Dean Judi Dench. When


I said this has all been months in the planning, it has not just been


from an organisational point of view. The studios run a major


campaign to try to get their stars more wins. It is so important


because it can give even an established film a boost like no


other can. It is something that can hit entertainment value and


significance in film terms. That is why the ticket so seriously and that


is why it is the biggest entertainment and showbiz event on


the globe. Clearly, we're going to be watching


what on Sunday. Tensions are rising in Crimea after


four Russian planes have landed at the military base


As the rain starts to clear, the windfalls lights, it is the perfect


recipe for Frost and fog. We do have weather


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