13/03/2014 World News Today


13/03/2014

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This is BBC World News today with me, Zeinab Badawi. The diplomatic

:00:00.:00:11.

battle for Ukraine shifts to the UN. Its interim government appeals for

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international backing against Russian activities in Crimea.

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Ukraine's interim prime minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, is about to

:00:19.:00:21.

address the UN Security Council in New York as Russia confirms that it

:00:22.:00:25.

has begun troop manoeuvres near the Ukrainian border.

:00:26.:00:31.

One of the most powerful figures in football, the Bayern Munich

:00:32.:00:34.

president Uli Hoeness, has been sentenced to more than three years

:00:35.:00:37.

in prison in Germany for tax evasion.

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Revelations in court - and expressive allegation about Princess

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Diana's relations with the tabloid press dominate the latest age of

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Britain's phone hacking trial. Also coming up, a rare glimpse

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inside Iran. As the Persian year approaches, we report from Tehran

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and ask if this year could mark a new beginning.

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And a weekend's travel for nothing - how the authorities in Paris are

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planning to get drivers to leave their cars at home to help combat

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pollution. Hello and welcome. The interim

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government of Ukraine is taking its case to the UN. Fresh from holding

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talks with President Obama and members of his administration on

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Wednesday, its prime minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, is about address

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-- addressed the United Nations Security Council in New York. Let's

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look at what is going on. People are still milling around, evidently not

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sitting down yet. When Arseniy Yatsenyuk begins to make his

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statement, we will of course renew that. Let's join our correspondent,

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who is also waiting for developments, at our studio at the

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United Nations in New York. So, Nick, Arseniy Yatsenyuk is hotting

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up the battle on the diplomatic front? Yes, the Western powers are

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keen for him to address the United Nations Security Council, because

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the world has no more meaningful stage in international diplomacy

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than the chamber you have been looking at. Things always get

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underway a little late. He was scheduled to be there at three. As

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you can see, the diplomats have read milling around in anticipation of

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his arrival. We are expected to hear from him this reaffirming of what he

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said at the White House yesterday with Barack Obama, that Ukraine's

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territorial integrity is being violated as well as its sovereignty.

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That referendum scheduled for Sunday is illegal. The Western powers are

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keen for him to deliver that message on this very big into national stage

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in New York. Do we know what we can expect from this address? Does

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anybody else talk? We will expect some responses from the permanent

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representatives of the various countries of the UN Security

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Council. Obviously, the clear ones will be America and Russia. We are

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anticipating that the Americans may well start circulating a resolution

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about Ukraine. I don't think it will be strongly critical of Russia,

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because they will soften the language. I don't want China to veto

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it. They want China to abstain on this one. That would be a

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significant development, because China usually sides with Russia on

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most things. And Russia, in this instance, will veto a resolution.

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The wording will be about stating the basic principles at stake for

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the West here - sovereignty, territorial integrity, the

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illegality of this referendum under the Ukraine constitution. As I say,

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I do not think there will be strong words condemning Russia, because the

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idea of this resolution is to try and isolate Russia diplomatically.

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And they will want China's pass it support. Because of that, they will

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water down the language. We will bring you that session when Arseniy

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Yatsenyuk begins to speak. Meanwhile on the ground, the Russian

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defence ministry has confirmed that it has begun another huge military

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exercise near the Ukrainian border. 8,500 Russian soldiers are taking

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part, armed with anti-tank weapons and rocket launchers. These pictures

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were filmed during overnight drills in Rostov on Don. In response,

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Ukraine's parliament has approved a plan to create a new National Guard

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of 60,000 volunteers, to bolster its regular army.

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Tensions are continuing inside Crimea, where that referendum on

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whether or not it should be part of Russia is to be held on Sunday. The

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BBC's world affairs editor John Simpson is in Crimea, and he reports

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from outside a military base. This is a curious and potentially

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explosive stand-off here between a group of Ukrainian soldiers, led by

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an officer, and the pro-Russian volunteers standing outside the

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base, sealing it off effectively. These men did not want to be held

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hostage inside their base. They decided to disregard the

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instructions they were getting and go out into the town, flying their

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Ukrainian flag. Now they are trying to get back and get inside, and they

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are not being allowed. They are unarmed, and they say they are

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peaceful. They are just trying to establish their rights to do what

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they want, while they can. The pro-Russian volunteers are really

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quite unpleasant and hostile. I thought one of them was going to

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push me around. He certainly went to try and stop the cameraman filming.

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I will not answer questions or say anything. -- they will not answer

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questions. It is part of the unpleasant atmosphere that has been

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generated in the run-up to the referendum on Sunday, which will

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presumably get worse. We will bring you more on that story

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as we get it. Moving on, a long-running trial in

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central London into phone hacking by the News Of The World newspaper has

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heard that the late Princess Diana leaked a royal phone directories to

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the newspaper's world correspondent, Clive Goodman. He said Princess, at

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the time, had been in a bitter situation with her husband, the

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Prince of Wales. The man who made the claim is Clive

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Goodman, a familiar face in the long phone hacking saga. He admitted

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doing that at this very court in 2006. He went to prison. Now he is

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accused of paying police officers at the royal palace for internal phone

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directories. He denies it and today told the jury a 1992 direct weekend

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to him from a very different source, Diana, Princess of Wales. --

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a directory came to him. She said he was in a bitter

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situation. And it was a better time. The Prince and Princess were

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shortly to separate, and in public appearances, it showed. They

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divorced in 1996. A year later, she was killed in a speeding car in a

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Paris underpass. Of course, all of this was a huge story for the News

:08:20.:08:23.

Of The World. The court heard that the paper had access to a series of

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internal palace phone books since at least 1986. They were regularly used

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for checking stories, sometimes stories denied by the palace. As a

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result, the royal editor's picture and byline regularly appeared in the

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paper. One of the most powerful figures in

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football, the Bayern Munich president Uli Hoeness, has been

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sentenced to three and a half years in prison in Germany for tax

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evasion. Mr Hoeness admitted that he should have paid the German tax

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authorities 27 million euros for stock market deals. In a moment, we

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will talk about his fall from grace. First, Giles Goford looks at his

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significance in the world of football.

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Making his Bayern Munich debut as a teenager in West Germany in 1972,

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Uli Hoeness a cheap quick success for club and country. He won the

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1972 European championship title just three months after his

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international debut. And despite conceding a penalty to the Dutch in

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the 1974 World Cup final, he and his team, led by Franz Beckenbauer,

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recovered to win 2-1 and lift the trophy for a second time. Mr Hoeness

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won the Bundesliga and European cup three times each before the injury

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forced him to retire at the age of 27. He continued his employment at

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Bayern Munich as general manager, overseeing a long period of success

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on and off the field. As Bayern Munich grew into the force that has

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seen them win three domestic league titles. His conviction will leave

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die-hard fans bemoaning the fall from grace of a club legend.

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I have been joined in the studio by the distinguished sports writer and

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broadcaster Mihir Bose. A big figure in the world of football. They will

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fall for a hero? It is a real fall, and it raises questions about the

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management of football. It is rare for an ex-footballer to become so

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important in the administration of football. There is no question that

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Bayern Munich have been a very successful club. And what is more,

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Bayern Munich established a pattern of management which has been widely

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admired. They were not owned by some Qatari all Russian who never speaks

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to us. One can speak of Chelsea and others. I am sure the Russians will

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say, what is wrong with us! But anyway. It raises the question,

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sport has become a business. But do we apply the same standards of the

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fit and proper person? If it happened in the corporate world,

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there would be many questions raised. If you look at the reaction

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of the Bayern Munich fans, they still love him. As far as they are

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concerned, what happens on the field of play is not related to what

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happens in the field of life. They have a strong fan base, but he can't

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carry on running the club. No. He has been sentenced to jail. He is

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going to appeal. If he is jailed, Bayern will have to find someone

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else. And on top of that, he is a very influential figure in European

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club football. So they will have to find other representatives, and

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questions will have to be asked. In football, can you carry on if you

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have had a sentence like this? There have been other figures in sports

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who have also found themselves in trouble outside of sport, and I

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think sport now faces a serious question. If you are a business,

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proper standards of corporate governance? Proper standards where

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people -- whereby people found guilty of certain offences are no

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longer part of the game? Does that mean that the ex-football players

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like Uli Hoeness who have gone into management roles are less likely to

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be able to do that? They need to be educated. It is not just a question

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of making money and not paying your taxes. That applies to all of us.

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You have got to observe the laws of the land. You can do certain things

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in sport. In boxing, you can knock somebody's head off. If you tried to

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do that in the street, you would be arrested. Absolutely right! Those

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are the rules of sport. So sport cannot pretend it is no longer part

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of society. It provides a certain entertainment, a certain pleasure,

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within certain rules. But the wider society is ill impinges on sport,

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and sport can't say what happens in the wider world doesn't matter. A

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man who has not paid taxes of 27 million euros doesn't matter. He is

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still our lovely manager. Please don't knock anybody's head off in

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the street. It is not boxing. Now some of the other news in brief.

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As the search for the missing Malaysia Airlines plane continues,

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White House spokesman has told reporters that an additional search

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area may be opened in the Indian Ocean. Earlier, the Malaysian

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government dismissed reports that Chinese satellite images may show

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wreckage from the plane. But according to Chinese state media,

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the Chinese sent a warship to the areas where the images were taken to

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continue the search. Five April are still missing in New York after a

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gas leak triggered an explosion that demolished two buildings and killed

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at least seven people on Wednesday. Firefighters tried to find further

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victims trapped beneath the rubble at the apartment blocks in Harlem.

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More than 16 people were injured. The Palestinian militant group

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Islamic Jihad says it has agreed a cease-fire with Israel.

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It says Egypt helped broker the deal, but Israel has not confirmed

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this. It comes a day after little is launched their biggest rocket attack

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into Israel for more than a year. The Israeli military responded with

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air raid in Gaza. The Persian new year is fast

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approaching, and Iranians are busy preparing for one of the most

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popular holidays in their calendar. This year, the festivities come at a

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time of financial worry for many Iranian, caused by the economic

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sanctions against the country. But a landmark nuclear deal reached last

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November between Iran and world powers has raised hopes of a new

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start. The past five years, the BBC has not received visas to report

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from Tehran. Now our chief international correspondent is just

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back from there with this report. This time of year, it is packed with

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shoppers. Both symbols of wealth and luck to

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mark the Persian New Year. -- full of. For most Iranians, it is hard

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enough to make ends meet. In some cases, prices have tripled. This

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hall in the grand Bazaar is also a showcase for Iran's finest wares.

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This man's family has been in the business for nearly 40 years.

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Business has never been so bad. TRANSLATION: Exports have dropped,

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mainly because of problems in banking transactions because of

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sanctions. Of course, the other factors not having enough tourists

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because of recession in Europe itself. In some ways, Iranians are

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facing problems experienced by people in many places, high prices,

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low employment, but fixing the problems here is a lot harder

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because they are rooted in something more fundamental and it means

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resolving the decades long strings in relations with the West. --

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strains. Things are starting to change. Even tourists are beginning

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to return. Were you worried about coming? After the elections with the

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new president, we think it is more safe now. We always say welcome to

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Iran and have a nice day. In wealthy north to Iran there are all the

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symbols that Iran isn't completely cut off from the world. Some

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Iranians have even got richer under sanctions. There is a growing

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confidence that Iran is open for business. They are followed by trade

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delegations. This is what the business community looks for, they

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want to see that the countries are taking Iran seriously. The Embassy

:17:22.:17:27.

here is a museum for United States. Iran is still accused of trying to

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export it Islamic revolution, sending arms across the Middle East

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and beyond. But it sees itself differently. Iran's sense of itself

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won't change. It is now trying to find its rightful place in the world

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am not against it. -- in the world, not against it.

:17:52.:18:00.

Free public transport is being offered in Paris this weekend as the

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authorities there try to encourage drivers to leave their vehicles

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behind and help combat severe pollution. Transport will be free

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for three days from Friday morning to Sunday evening. For more, I'm

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joined by Hugh Schofield in Paris. You join me on the shone

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. There is something thick in the air. It is not Beijing or Sao Paulo

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on a bad day, but I have just arrived here on my bike and I have a

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slight catch in my throat and my eyes are slightly stinging. The

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experts say this is the fourth day in a row that Paris has hit its

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maximum alert level for air pollution and the reason is this

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glorious spring weather we're having. Hot afternoons, cold nights,

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and that means that the morning rush-hour, the particles from the

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car emissions are getting caught below a layer of warm air as the day

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warms up. That, plus the fact that there is little wind to disperse the

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emissions. The result is that we are getting these warnings about slowing

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down if we drive, about staying at home if you are an invalid or if you

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have respiratory problems. The local government has stepped in to say

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that public transport will be free Friday and through the weekend in

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order to encourage people to leave their cars at home and take public

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transport. Plus the bikes which are also now free through the weekend.

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The next step, if this goes on, is to reduce -- introduce alternate day

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driving. Cars with odd-numbered plates drive on one day and cars

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with even-numbered numberplate strike on the next. We don't know if

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we will move on to that, or see if this level of pollution persists

:20:01.:20:05.

into Monday. Let's take you to the UN Security

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Council session where the acting Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy

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Yatsenyuk is addressing the meeting there. TRANSLATION: This aggression

:20:15.:20:25.

has no reason and no grounds. It is unacceptable in the 21st-century to

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resolve any kind of conflict with artillery, tanks and boots on the

:20:34.:20:39.

ground. The Russian Federation has violated a number of bilateral and

:20:40.:20:46.

multilateral treaties that were signed between Ukraine and Russia.

:20:47.:20:59.

We strongly believe that article to the UN Charter that says, all

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members shall refrain in their international relations from the

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threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political

:21:12.:21:15.

independence of any state or in any other manner inconsistent with the

:21:16.:21:21.

purposes of the United Nations is not questioned by anyone. We still

:21:22.:21:31.

believe that we have a chance to resolve this conflict in a peaceful

:21:32.:21:37.

manner. We command and praise the Ukrainian military that refrain from

:21:38.:21:43.

the use of any force. We would like to be very clear that the military

:21:44.:21:51.

presence is clearly identified. This is the Russian military presence,

:21:52.:21:56.

with Russian numberplate on their vehicles, and we urge the Russian

:21:57.:22:02.

Federation to pull back its military forces deployed in Crimea and to

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start real talks and negotiations. That is in order to tackle this

:22:12.:22:19.

conflict. This is not a regional conflict, it goes beyond the borders

:22:20.:22:30.

of Ukraine. Let me remind you that in 1994 Ukraine abandoned its

:22:31.:22:37.

nuclear weapons. We gave up one of the biggest, it was the third one in

:22:38.:22:40.

the world, arsenal of nuclear weapons. The signatures of the

:22:41.:22:48.

memorandum guaranteed the territorial integrity, sovereignty

:22:49.:22:53.

and independence of the Ukrainian state. The way our Russian

:22:54.:23:02.

neighbours, and I believe that if we start real talks with Russia, they

:23:03.:23:11.

could be real partners, acted undermines the entire global

:23:12.:23:15.

security and nuclear nonproliferation. After these

:23:16.:23:18.

actions, it will be very difficult to convince anyone on the globe not

:23:19.:23:29.

to have nuclear weapons. I would like to reiterate again that the

:23:30.:23:37.

Ukrainian Government is open. We want to have talks, we do not want

:23:38.:23:43.

any military aggression. Let me address the Russian Federation.

:23:44.:24:01.

TRANSLATION: We are looking to an answer to the question whether the

:24:02.:24:04.

Russians want war. I am sure as the Prime Minister of

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Ukraine, which for decades had a warm and friendly relations with

:24:12.:24:16.

Russia, I am convinced that Russians do not want war and I hope that the

:24:17.:24:24.

Russian government and the Russian president will heed the wishes of

:24:25.:24:30.

their people and that we return to the table to engage in dialogue and

:24:31.:24:34.

resolve this conflict. We heard there the speech and short

:24:35.:24:52.

statement that Arseniy Yatsenyuk, acting Prime Minister of Ukraine

:24:53.:24:57.

made, at the UN Security Council meeting.

:24:58.:25:04.

We left him there addressing directly the Russians in the

:25:05.:25:09.

Security Council saying, do you want war? We are convinced that you do

:25:10.:25:12.

not want war as we have enjoyed warm relations for a long time. Quite

:25:13.:25:20.

dramatic, emotional language. I was struck by the diplomatic

:25:21.:25:24.

theatrics of this from this young interim Prime Minister. First of

:25:25.:25:29.

all, he brandished a copy of the UN Charter saying that Russia's actions

:25:30.:25:34.

have violated article to which is supposed to protect member nations

:25:35.:25:42.

from aggression and propose to stop nations acting aggressively. And

:25:43.:25:46.

that moment where he spoke in fluent English and then started speaking in

:25:47.:25:50.

fluent in Russian and directed his comments very squarely at the

:25:51.:25:56.

Russian ambassador in that chamber. Yet sat implacably, poker-faced as

:25:57.:26:01.

ever, listening to the statement. -- he. He asked whether Russia wanted

:26:02.:26:09.

war? He asks him bluntly. A strong piece of diplomatic theatre at the

:26:10.:26:13.

UN this afternoon. As I say, the whole point was to give him a stage

:26:14.:26:17.

to turn the cameras on. They are not always turned on at the UN. To make

:26:18.:26:22.

sure that those comments and those actions and those props were

:26:23.:26:25.

broadcast around the world. When they very much.

:26:26.:26:31.

-- thank you. Ukraine is not acting Prime Minister

:26:32.:26:35.

Arseniy Yatsenyuk has been addressing the UN security council

:26:36.:26:41.

and he has appealed to Russia to not interfere in the activities of his

:26:42.:26:45.

country, including the semi-autonomous region of Crimea.

:26:46.:26:49.

That is it for now. Next, the weather. Goodbye.

:26:50.:26:50.

Overnight, the fog will reform and become dense by the end of the

:26:51.:27:03.

night, particularly for England and Wales. Tomorrow, we start off chilly

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and a foggy note. The fog may cause some problems. Treacherous driving

:27:13.:27:13.

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