13/03/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News today with me, Zeinab Badawi. The diplomatic


battle for Ukraine shifts to the UN. Its interim government appeals for


international backing against Russian activities in Crimea.


Ukraine's interim prime minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, is about to


address the UN Security Council in New York as Russia confirms that it


has begun troop manoeuvres near the Ukrainian border.


One of the most powerful figures in football, the Bayern Munich


president Uli Hoeness, has been sentenced to more than three years


in prison in Germany for tax evasion.


Revelations in court - and expressive allegation about Princess


Diana's relations with the tabloid press dominate the latest age of


Britain's phone hacking trial. Also coming up, a rare glimpse


inside Iran. As the Persian year approaches, we report from Tehran


and ask if this year could mark a new beginning.


And a weekend's travel for nothing - how the authorities in Paris are


planning to get drivers to leave their cars at home to help combat


pollution. Hello and welcome. The interim


government of Ukraine is taking its case to the UN. Fresh from holding


talks with President Obama and members of his administration on


Wednesday, its prime minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, is about address


-- addressed the United Nations Security Council in New York. Let's


look at what is going on. People are still milling around, evidently not


sitting down yet. When Arseniy Yatsenyuk begins to make his


statement, we will of course renew that. Let's join our correspondent,


who is also waiting for developments, at our studio at the


United Nations in New York. So, Nick, Arseniy Yatsenyuk is hotting


up the battle on the diplomatic front? Yes, the Western powers are


keen for him to address the United Nations Security Council, because


the world has no more meaningful stage in international diplomacy


than the chamber you have been looking at. Things always get


underway a little late. He was scheduled to be there at three. As


you can see, the diplomats have read milling around in anticipation of


his arrival. We are expected to hear from him this reaffirming of what he


said at the White House yesterday with Barack Obama, that Ukraine's


territorial integrity is being violated as well as its sovereignty.


That referendum scheduled for Sunday is illegal. The Western powers are


keen for him to deliver that message on this very big into national stage


in New York. Do we know what we can expect from this address? Does


anybody else talk? We will expect some responses from the permanent


representatives of the various countries of the UN Security


Council. Obviously, the clear ones will be America and Russia. We are


anticipating that the Americans may well start circulating a resolution


about Ukraine. I don't think it will be strongly critical of Russia,


because they will soften the language. I don't want China to veto


it. They want China to abstain on this one. That would be a


significant development, because China usually sides with Russia on


most things. And Russia, in this instance, will veto a resolution.


The wording will be about stating the basic principles at stake for


the West here - sovereignty, territorial integrity, the


illegality of this referendum under the Ukraine constitution. As I say,


I do not think there will be strong words condemning Russia, because the


idea of this resolution is to try and isolate Russia diplomatically.


And they will want China's pass it support. Because of that, they will


water down the language. We will bring you that session when Arseniy


Yatsenyuk begins to speak. Meanwhile on the ground, the Russian


defence ministry has confirmed that it has begun another huge military


exercise near the Ukrainian border. 8,500 Russian soldiers are taking


part, armed with anti-tank weapons and rocket launchers. These pictures


were filmed during overnight drills in Rostov on Don. In response,


Ukraine's parliament has approved a plan to create a new National Guard


of 60,000 volunteers, to bolster its regular army.


Tensions are continuing inside Crimea, where that referendum on


whether or not it should be part of Russia is to be held on Sunday. The


BBC's world affairs editor John Simpson is in Crimea, and he reports


from outside a military base. This is a curious and potentially


explosive stand-off here between a group of Ukrainian soldiers, led by


an officer, and the pro-Russian volunteers standing outside the


base, sealing it off effectively. These men did not want to be held


hostage inside their base. They decided to disregard the


instructions they were getting and go out into the town, flying their


Ukrainian flag. Now they are trying to get back and get inside, and they


are not being allowed. They are unarmed, and they say they are


peaceful. They are just trying to establish their rights to do what


they want, while they can. The pro-Russian volunteers are really


quite unpleasant and hostile. I thought one of them was going to


push me around. He certainly went to try and stop the cameraman filming.


I will not answer questions or say anything. -- they will not answer


questions. It is part of the unpleasant atmosphere that has been


generated in the run-up to the referendum on Sunday, which will


presumably get worse. We will bring you more on that story


as we get it. Moving on, a long-running trial in


central London into phone hacking by the News Of The World newspaper has


heard that the late Princess Diana leaked a royal phone directories to


the newspaper's world correspondent, Clive Goodman. He said Princess, at


the time, had been in a bitter situation with her husband, the


Prince of Wales. The man who made the claim is Clive


Goodman, a familiar face in the long phone hacking saga. He admitted


doing that at this very court in 2006. He went to prison. Now he is


accused of paying police officers at the royal palace for internal phone


directories. He denies it and today told the jury a 1992 direct weekend


to him from a very different source, Diana, Princess of Wales. --


a directory came to him. She said he was in a bitter


situation. And it was a better time. The Prince and Princess were


shortly to separate, and in public appearances, it showed. They


divorced in 1996. A year later, she was killed in a speeding car in a


Paris underpass. Of course, all of this was a huge story for the News


Of The World. The court heard that the paper had access to a series of


internal palace phone books since at least 1986. They were regularly used


for checking stories, sometimes stories denied by the palace. As a


result, the royal editor's picture and byline regularly appeared in the


paper. One of the most powerful figures in


football, the Bayern Munich president Uli Hoeness, has been


sentenced to three and a half years in prison in Germany for tax


evasion. Mr Hoeness admitted that he should have paid the German tax


authorities 27 million euros for stock market deals. In a moment, we


will talk about his fall from grace. First, Giles Goford looks at his


significance in the world of football.


Making his Bayern Munich debut as a teenager in West Germany in 1972,


Uli Hoeness a cheap quick success for club and country. He won the


1972 European championship title just three months after his


international debut. And despite conceding a penalty to the Dutch in


the 1974 World Cup final, he and his team, led by Franz Beckenbauer,


recovered to win 2-1 and lift the trophy for a second time. Mr Hoeness


won the Bundesliga and European cup three times each before the injury


forced him to retire at the age of 27. He continued his employment at


Bayern Munich as general manager, overseeing a long period of success


on and off the field. As Bayern Munich grew into the force that has


seen them win three domestic league titles. His conviction will leave


die-hard fans bemoaning the fall from grace of a club legend.


I have been joined in the studio by the distinguished sports writer and


broadcaster Mihir Bose. A big figure in the world of football. They will


fall for a hero? It is a real fall, and it raises questions about the


management of football. It is rare for an ex-footballer to become so


important in the administration of football. There is no question that


Bayern Munich have been a very successful club. And what is more,


Bayern Munich established a pattern of management which has been widely


admired. They were not owned by some Qatari all Russian who never speaks


to us. One can speak of Chelsea and others. I am sure the Russians will


say, what is wrong with us! But anyway. It raises the question,


sport has become a business. But do we apply the same standards of the


fit and proper person? If it happened in the corporate world,


there would be many questions raised. If you look at the reaction


of the Bayern Munich fans, they still love him. As far as they are


concerned, what happens on the field of play is not related to what


happens in the field of life. They have a strong fan base, but he can't


carry on running the club. No. He has been sentenced to jail. He is


going to appeal. If he is jailed, Bayern will have to find someone


else. And on top of that, he is a very influential figure in European


club football. So they will have to find other representatives, and


questions will have to be asked. In football, can you carry on if you


have had a sentence like this? There have been other figures in sports


who have also found themselves in trouble outside of sport, and I


think sport now faces a serious question. If you are a business,


proper standards of corporate governance? Proper standards where


people -- whereby people found guilty of certain offences are no


longer part of the game? Does that mean that the ex-football players


like Uli Hoeness who have gone into management roles are less likely to


be able to do that? They need to be educated. It is not just a question


of making money and not paying your taxes. That applies to all of us.


You have got to observe the laws of the land. You can do certain things


in sport. In boxing, you can knock somebody's head off. If you tried to


do that in the street, you would be arrested. Absolutely right! Those


are the rules of sport. So sport cannot pretend it is no longer part


of society. It provides a certain entertainment, a certain pleasure,


within certain rules. But the wider society is ill impinges on sport,


and sport can't say what happens in the wider world doesn't matter. A


man who has not paid taxes of 27 million euros doesn't matter. He is


still our lovely manager. Please don't knock anybody's head off in


the street. It is not boxing. Now some of the other news in brief.


As the search for the missing Malaysia Airlines plane continues,


White House spokesman has told reporters that an additional search


area may be opened in the Indian Ocean. Earlier, the Malaysian


government dismissed reports that Chinese satellite images may show


wreckage from the plane. But according to Chinese state media,


the Chinese sent a warship to the areas where the images were taken to


continue the search. Five April are still missing in New York after a


gas leak triggered an explosion that demolished two buildings and killed


at least seven people on Wednesday. Firefighters tried to find further


victims trapped beneath the rubble at the apartment blocks in Harlem.


More than 16 people were injured. The Palestinian militant group


Islamic Jihad says it has agreed a cease-fire with Israel.


It says Egypt helped broker the deal, but Israel has not confirmed


this. It comes a day after little is launched their biggest rocket attack


into Israel for more than a year. The Israeli military responded with


air raid in Gaza. The Persian new year is fast


approaching, and Iranians are busy preparing for one of the most


popular holidays in their calendar. This year, the festivities come at a


time of financial worry for many Iranian, caused by the economic


sanctions against the country. But a landmark nuclear deal reached last


November between Iran and world powers has raised hopes of a new


start. The past five years, the BBC has not received visas to report


from Tehran. Now our chief international correspondent is just


back from there with this report. This time of year, it is packed with


shoppers. Both symbols of wealth and luck to


mark the Persian New Year. -- full of. For most Iranians, it is hard


enough to make ends meet. In some cases, prices have tripled. This


hall in the grand Bazaar is also a showcase for Iran's finest wares.


This man's family has been in the business for nearly 40 years.


Business has never been so bad. TRANSLATION: Exports have dropped,


mainly because of problems in banking transactions because of


sanctions. Of course, the other factors not having enough tourists


because of recession in Europe itself. In some ways, Iranians are


facing problems experienced by people in many places, high prices,


low employment, but fixing the problems here is a lot harder


because they are rooted in something more fundamental and it means


resolving the decades long strings in relations with the West. --


strains. Things are starting to change. Even tourists are beginning


to return. Were you worried about coming? After the elections with the


new president, we think it is more safe now. We always say welcome to


Iran and have a nice day. In wealthy north to Iran there are all the


symbols that Iran isn't completely cut off from the world. Some


Iranians have even got richer under sanctions. There is a growing


confidence that Iran is open for business. They are followed by trade


delegations. This is what the business community looks for, they


want to see that the countries are taking Iran seriously. The Embassy


here is a museum for United States. Iran is still accused of trying to


export it Islamic revolution, sending arms across the Middle East


and beyond. But it sees itself differently. Iran's sense of itself


won't change. It is now trying to find its rightful place in the world


am not against it. -- in the world, not against it.


Free public transport is being offered in Paris this weekend as the


authorities there try to encourage drivers to leave their vehicles


behind and help combat severe pollution. Transport will be free


for three days from Friday morning to Sunday evening. For more, I'm


joined by Hugh Schofield in Paris. You join me on the shone


. There is something thick in the air. It is not Beijing or Sao Paulo


on a bad day, but I have just arrived here on my bike and I have a


slight catch in my throat and my eyes are slightly stinging. The


experts say this is the fourth day in a row that Paris has hit its


maximum alert level for air pollution and the reason is this


glorious spring weather we're having. Hot afternoons, cold nights,


and that means that the morning rush-hour, the particles from the


car emissions are getting caught below a layer of warm air as the day


warms up. That, plus the fact that there is little wind to disperse the


emissions. The result is that we are getting these warnings about slowing


down if we drive, about staying at home if you are an invalid or if you


have respiratory problems. The local government has stepped in to say


that public transport will be free Friday and through the weekend in


order to encourage people to leave their cars at home and take public


transport. Plus the bikes which are also now free through the weekend.


The next step, if this goes on, is to reduce -- introduce alternate day


driving. Cars with odd-numbered plates drive on one day and cars


with even-numbered numberplate strike on the next. We don't know if


we will move on to that, or see if this level of pollution persists


into Monday. Let's take you to the UN Security


Council session where the acting Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy


Yatsenyuk is addressing the meeting there. TRANSLATION: This aggression


has no reason and no grounds. It is unacceptable in the 21st-century to


resolve any kind of conflict with artillery, tanks and boots on the


ground. The Russian Federation has violated a number of bilateral and


multilateral treaties that were signed between Ukraine and Russia.


We strongly believe that article to the UN Charter that says, all


members shall refrain in their international relations from the


threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political


independence of any state or in any other manner inconsistent with the


purposes of the United Nations is not questioned by anyone. We still


believe that we have a chance to resolve this conflict in a peaceful


manner. We command and praise the Ukrainian military that refrain from


the use of any force. We would like to be very clear that the military


presence is clearly identified. This is the Russian military presence,


with Russian numberplate on their vehicles, and we urge the Russian


Federation to pull back its military forces deployed in Crimea and to


start real talks and negotiations. That is in order to tackle this


conflict. This is not a regional conflict, it goes beyond the borders


of Ukraine. Let me remind you that in 1994 Ukraine abandoned its


nuclear weapons. We gave up one of the biggest, it was the third one in


the world, arsenal of nuclear weapons. The signatures of the


memorandum guaranteed the territorial integrity, sovereignty


and independence of the Ukrainian state. The way our Russian


neighbours, and I believe that if we start real talks with Russia, they


could be real partners, acted undermines the entire global


security and nuclear nonproliferation. After these


actions, it will be very difficult to convince anyone on the globe not


to have nuclear weapons. I would like to reiterate again that the


Ukrainian Government is open. We want to have talks, we do not want


any military aggression. Let me address the Russian Federation.


TRANSLATION: We are looking to an answer to the question whether the


Russians want war. I am sure as the Prime Minister of


Ukraine, which for decades had a warm and friendly relations with


Russia, I am convinced that Russians do not want war and I hope that the


Russian government and the Russian president will heed the wishes of


their people and that we return to the table to engage in dialogue and


resolve this conflict. We heard there the speech and short


statement that Arseniy Yatsenyuk, acting Prime Minister of Ukraine


made, at the UN Security Council meeting.


We left him there addressing directly the Russians in the


Security Council saying, do you want war? We are convinced that you do


not want war as we have enjoyed warm relations for a long time. Quite


dramatic, emotional language. I was struck by the diplomatic


theatrics of this from this young interim Prime Minister. First of


all, he brandished a copy of the UN Charter saying that Russia's actions


have violated article to which is supposed to protect member nations


from aggression and propose to stop nations acting aggressively. And


that moment where he spoke in fluent English and then started speaking in


fluent in Russian and directed his comments very squarely at the


Russian ambassador in that chamber. Yet sat implacably, poker-faced as


ever, listening to the statement. -- he. He asked whether Russia wanted


war? He asks him bluntly. A strong piece of diplomatic theatre at the


UN this afternoon. As I say, the whole point was to give him a stage


to turn the cameras on. They are not always turned on at the UN. To make


sure that those comments and those actions and those props were


broadcast around the world. When they very much.


-- thank you. Ukraine is not acting Prime Minister


Arseniy Yatsenyuk has been addressing the UN security council


and he has appealed to Russia to not interfere in the activities of his


country, including the semi-autonomous region of Crimea.


That is it for now. Next, the weather. Goodbye.


Overnight, the fog will reform and become dense by the end of the


night, particularly for England and Wales. Tomorrow, we start off chilly


and a foggy note. The fog may cause some problems. Treacherous driving


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