17/03/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. The US and EU impose


limited sanctions on Russian and Crimean officials after the region


votes to break away from Ukraine and join Russia.


Tensions remain high. Ukraine says Russia is holding Crimea at


gun-point. Moscow is warned there may be further measures against it,


if it annexes Crimea. ?? new line The international community will


continue to stand together to oppose any violations of Ukrainian


sovereignty and territorial integrity and continued Russian


military intervention will only deepen Russia's diplomatic


isolation. "All right, goodnight". The final


words uttered by the co-pilot on the missing Malaysian airline. As the


search continues, attention shifts to the plane's two pilots. ?? new


line The fashion designer L'Wren Scott, girlfriend of Mick Jagger, is


found dead in her New York apartment. Suicide is suspected.


And the noise behind the big bang. Solving the mystery of the universe,


scientists say they have discovered extraordinary new evidence.


Hello and welcome. The referendum vote in Crimea for the region to


break away from Ukraine and join Russia has triggered sanctions from


the US and the EU, as expected. Now the world is waiting to see what


Moscow's next move is, will it annex Crimea formally and what are the


implications of the situation in Crimea for pro-Russian regions in


eastern Ukraine? Vladimir Putin has signed a decree recognising Crimea


as an independent state. The Ukrainian government in Kiev has


said it is prepared for talks with Moscow but that it will never accept


annexation of its land. Daniel Sandford reports from the Crimean


city, Simferopol. Under the statue of Lenin in the


centre of the Crimean capital, they were still celebrating yesterday's


referendum. A vote to break away from Ukraine and join Russia, a vote


that has plunged Europe into crisis. In the Crimean parliament, the first


stage was to declare independence from Ukraine. From there, the Prime


Minister flew straight to Moscow to formally ask President Vladimir


Putin to annex Crimea to the Russian Federation. Russian troops and


armour still surround the Ukrainian Armed Forces, but the Ukrainian


Defence Minister insisted that there will be no retreat. TRANSLATION:


Crimea was, is and will be a Ukrainian territory. Our military


will stay there and we will solve this problem in a peaceful and


diplomatic way. We drove north from Simferopol to a strategic town near


where Crimea joins the Ukrainian mainland. There, we found a new


Russian military base and a mobile radar station on what had been a


disused airfield until a fortnight ago. Far from relaxing, the Russians


are reinforcing what may soon be a disputed border with Ukraine. Then,


a group of men claiming to be from the People's militia asked us to


leave. Although the referendum is now over, there is still a huge


Russian military presence in Crimea. All day, we have been filming trucks


coming and going on the main road from Crimea to mainland Ukraine. In


this small town near the base, people were also salivating.


Dash-macro celebrating. Alexi, a freelance writer, was helping his


parents on their market stall and hopes that Crimea's moved back into


the Russian fold will improve the We believe in one thing, in a better


life in future. Not as part of Ukraine. But the price that will be


paid for the future is an international crisis. Months or even


years of uncertainty and a new stand-off between Russia and the


West. We will be discussing the legal


implications of the referendum in Crimea, first as we mentioned the US


and the EU have announced an asset freeze and travel ban on Ukrainian


and Russian interests and individuals. The American measures


have been described as the "toughest since the end of the Cold War", but


it is not clear what effect they will have on the conflict. Bridget


Kendall reports. After last night's euphoria, now the


consequences. In Crimea, the referendum results to break away


from Ukraine was for Russian speakers a cause for celebration.


But in Kiev and the West, it is an illegal move and must be resisted.


So both EU and the United States today announced new sanctions. The


international community will continue to stand together to oppose


any violation of Ukrainian's sovereignty and territorial


integrity and continued Russian military intervention in Ukraine


will only deepen Russia's diplomatic isolation. These sanctions are aimed


at those closely involved in trying to split off Crimea from Kiev.


Travel bans on those behind the Russian military build-up and asset


freezes. European sanctions on 21 people and 11 named by the


Americans, including the Deputy Russian Prime Minister, the ousted


Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, and Crimea's separatist


leaders. And there is a warning of more sanctions to follow. In Moscow,


one of the officials targeted dismissed the sanctions as political


blackmail. President Putin's reaction will come in a big speech


he is giving tomorrow. In the meantime, his government have laid


out conditions for negotiation and made clear that it backs Crimea's


call to reunite with Russia. TRANSLATION: I expect the majority


of the Ukrainian population will respect this convincing result. So


what does Russia want? Well, firstly, constitutional reform, to


devolve powers to Ukraine's Russian speaking regions. And a cast-iron UN


guaranteed that Ukraine will stay neutral and not join the EU or NATO.


It also wants Russian language to be given equal status to Ukrainian. So


far, so good, but Russia also insists that Crimea's referendum


vote to leave Ukraine must be respected and there is no way that


either the West or Kiev will agree to that. Already, it has been ruled


out by Ukraine's acting president. We are ready for talks with Russia,


he said today, but we will never accept the annexation of our


territory. So all Ukraine can do is dig in to protect its borders from


further incursions as tensions with Russia set to escalate.


At that President Putin has recognised Crimea as an independent


state, what is the legal implications for the current


situation. Marc Weller is Professor of


International Law at the University of Cambridge. He joins me now.


President Putin saying that the referendum result must be respected,


and he now says that Crimea is an independent state, is that a legal


status for Crimea and what precedents are there that may help


us to understand this current situation? This is the kind of game,


because we know this is a 2-step process that Russia has gone for.


Russia tries to avoid a situation where it would be accused


immediately of having forcibly acquired the territory of a


neighbouring state. Sometimes, something that is one of the gravest


things against international legal order, there is only one such case


that has occurred in the 21st century in Europe. That is Russia's


occupation of two provinces of Georgia, which it also declared


independent, but it has run and independently since 2008 since the


armed conflict. What about the Kosovan referendum, what about


Scotland, the referendum coming up here, what is the difference in


legal terms between people fair in these regions having the right to


decide if they should be independent or not? There are many critical


differences. The Yugoslav federation dissolved and Kosovo became part of


the overall federation disappearing. There is no suggestion that Ukraine


had been under threat of dissolution. More are less, Kosovo


had been repressed for ten years and at the time any, contrast to the


Ukraine, it's Tommy had been by Belgrade and the UN mediator that


dealt with the situation after the conflict, he came to the Security


Council and said, we cannot hand back Kosovo to those that have been


severely repressing it. -- its autonomy had been run by Belgrade.


This is the first step. Normally, if you join really want to seek


independence, you have to negotiate the terms. He remembered that David


Cameron and Alex Salmond negotiating the referendum question and you look


at the other options, perhaps enhanced autonomy would do the job.


Now that the people of Crimea have taken the step, what is the basis


for Russia to bear the brunt of the sanctions and the wrath of the


international community, if they say that we accept the outcome of the


referendum, it is what the people wanted, how can you triggered the


sanctions against Russia? It is difficult to say that this is what


the people wanted if you are at the same time virtually occupying the


territory where these people live, and for the ultimate aim is to


incorporate that territory into your own state. It is probably true that


it was the genuine wish of many people in the Crimea to join Russia,


but it is such a dangerous and difficult idea that you can just


invade your neighbouring state or just use troops that you already had


there, and then slice it off from that state and forcibly


incorporated. That is why this is taken as such a serious incident,


which is quite different from other cases. Thank you for taking us


through the legal aspects. The continuing mystery of the


missing Malaysian aeroplane is now focussing on the two pilots. The


authorities now believe the final message from the airliner that


disappeared nine days ago was made by the co-pilot. But it's still


unclear whether that message, "all right, good night", made to ground


controllers came after the plane's communication system had been turned


off. 26 countries are involved in the search for the plane. From the


Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur Rupert Wingfield-Hayes sent this


report. These are the last pictures of the


captain and the co-pilot of flight MH370, going through security


minutes before boarding the plane. Today, we learned that it is this


man, the co-pilot, Fariq Abdul Hamid, who was in control of the


aircraft moments before it disappeared. The initial


investigation indicates that it was the co-pilot. He spoke the last time


it was recorded on tape. Just two minutes after Fariq Abdul Hamid made


that last call, the plane's transponder was switched off and


flight MH370 disappeared from radar screens. In the last few days, the


focus of suspicion has been very much on the captain of flight MH370,


but following today's revelations, the focus appears certain to switch


here. Behind me is the house where 27-year-old Fariq Abdul Hamid lived


with his parents. Across the street is the mosque where he prayed. He is


not the only suspect. This man's son, an aircraft engineer flying to


a new job in Beijing, is also being investigated. For the families, the


tortured wait for information drags on and on. And the area that must be


searched only continues to grow. North, it stretches across western


China to the shores of the Caspian Sea. To the south, from Indonesia,


almost to the Antarctic. Analysts say that this mystery is


unprecedented in aviation history. I think it was very well-planned. They


knew what was there and what routes to go to. They practised it even.


Whoever has planned this is well ahead of us. And we do not yet know


where it is. It is going to be very challenging to be able to figure


this out. Today, the Chinese Navy began stocking up for the long


voyage into the Indian Ocean. There are now 26 countries involved in


this search but whoever took the plane has left them almost no trail


to follow. The fashion designer and girlfriend


of Mick Jagger, L'Wren Scott, has been found dead at her apartment in


New York. She is believed to have committed suicide by hanging


herself. L'Wren Scott was forty-nine and had been in a relationship with


the Rolling Stones singer for about thirteen years. A spokesman for Mick


Jagger, who's on tour in Australia, said he was "completely shocked and


devastated". L'Wren Scott had been a model, a


stylist, and in recent years a successful fashion designer. She had


shown collections at London Fashion Week. Elegant, the epitome of


upmarket glamour. We are expanding in Europe, the Middle East.


Today her body was found in her New York apartment. Initial reports say


she was found with a scarf around her neck that was attached to a


door. Born in Utah in the States, at six feet three inches she rather


towered over her partner of the last 13 years, Mick Jagger. He is today


in Perth in Australia preparing for concerts with the Rolling Stones. A


spokesman said he was completely shocked and devastated by the news.


His first wife Bianca Jagger says she is heartbroken. Tributes have


also come from fellow designers who said she was a talented artist and


giving friend. Let us go to New York now. What do


we know? Her body was discovered at ten


o'clock this morning by an assistant who had been asked to come around to


this apartment building on the west side of Manhattan by a text message


from L'Wren Scott. When she opened up the door she found her lifeless


body and it was apparent she had committed suicide. The police say


there is no foul play and they have not yet found a suicide note. The


body has been taken away by the medical examiner who has not yet


made any statement. But it does look like this was suicide.


She was quite a force in the world of fashion in New York and in


London. She was. She was a successful


fashion designer and fashion icon. She had a celebrity qui tell. -- she


had celebrity clients. In the fashion district there is a great


deal of shock. Her passing has been met with disbelief.


The Big Bang theory is one of the most fascinating of topics - a great


enigma which has even given its name to a popular American comedy series.


Well now scientists trying to explain the birth of the universe


seem to have made a significant development. Astro-physicists at


Harvard University in the US think they've detected space-time ripples


left over from the Big Bang. Our Science Editor David Shukman


reports. These are ancient and incredibly


challenging mysteries. How the universe started. What was it that


allowed everything we are familiar with to be born? Questions that


modern science is trying to answer with the idea of a Big Bang. It's


the theory of a single burst of creation and for the first time


there is proof of this process at work. A telescope under the freezing


skies of the South Pole is detecting clues from the earliest moments of


time. Applause today for a major advance. At Harvard University the


first results were unveiled. This is a genuine breakthrough in


understanding how it all began. For decades the idea of a Big Bang


giving birth to the universe has been a theory with no hard evidence


of exactly how this works. Now this American team has discovered


patterns in the energy left over from the earliest moments. From the


particular twists in the light that was created back then, patterns that


can only have been formed by ripples radiating out from the initial burst


of the big bang. Those ripples are what ultimately allowed gravity to


pull together the galaxies, stars and the planet. This is a major


advance in understanding how we got here. Scientists all over the world


have been poring over the results. This team gathered at Oxford


University this afternoon. There is a recognition that this is a hugely


important milestone. We don't know why the universe started expanding.


We don't know why the big bang happened. This takes us as far back


as it's possible to go and will hopefully help us figure that out.


So all this raises a tantalising thought. If we can know how the Big


Bang got going can we also find out how it actually started? The big


question about our own existence. This type of light can travel and


impeded. How do we know it is to do with the Big Bang? We look at the


galaxies. Look deeper and deeper and they move even faster. If you run


the movie back, so to speak, then you understand things must have been


closer together in the past. That is the basis of the dearly. It is the


idea that just after it got going that they moved to a super


expansion. It is the marker that was left on the older slight in the sky


that proves that that was the case. So we can say with certainty that


this might is from the Big Bang? Yes. Scientists say it is very


difficult for this particular marker to be made any other way. But if it


is real it is very difficult to describe how that marker in the sky


got to be there other than through super growth at the start of the


universe. People will be trying to verify this. There's this Nobel


prize territory? Absolutely. People have talked about this for a decade.


The people who would see this marker on the sky would get a Nobel prize.


Yes, it has to be verified. There is one experiment. Other people how to


do that. We have just one experiment. There are other


telescopes looking for this particular signature. Other


telescopes that are even better than this coming online in the next few


years. We will find out pretty quickly when the science community


accepts this result. In time for this year's Nobel prize? Probably


not this year, but maybe the year after. A South African guns expert


has been testifying in Oscar Pistorius' murder trial. Sean Rens


said that months before he killed his girlfriend, the athlete said he


drew his gun and went into "combat mode'' after thinking he heard the


noise of an intruder at his home. That sound turned out to be a


washing machine. Pistorius is accused of murdering Reeva Steenkamp


on Valentine's Day last year. A car bomb outside a military base


in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi has killed at least eight


soldiers. More than ten other people were wounded. The bomb went off as


people were leaving a graduation ceremony for officers at the


barracks. US Navy Seals have taken control of


a tanker loaded with oil owned by the Libyan government after a


dramatic raid in international waters, south of Cyprus. The vessel


known as Morning Glory evaded a naval blockade in the Libyan port of


Sidra last week. The oil terminal has been under the control of


militia wanting autonomy for Eastern Libya since July 2013.


North Korea's ambassador to the UN has walked out of a hearing on human


rights violations in his country, when a Japanese representative began


to speak. The meeting was discussing a UN report that describes North


Korea's crimes as being as chilling as those of the Nazis. A number of


people who escaped from North Korea were there.


Exiled Syrians are trying to reach back into their own country. One


group the broadcast from Turkey. From a rooftop in Istanbul this


person presents a programme. She used to read the news on Syrian


state TV, but she got fed up with being told what to say so she went


into exile. People in Syria changed. Now we want to speak. We want to say


what we want. We are not afraid of anyone. The station has said radios


to Syria. It asks its listeners to phone in. Some of them do not want


to come back. Others want to make a deal with the regime.


This man arranges the music of the station. Inside Syria he did the


same thing for the government. I made songs for President Assad. If I


still worked until now, maybe I would kill myself.


In this war his music is used to inspire both sides.


The European Union and the United States have announced asset freezes


against officials who played a key role in the referendum and Crimea.


But the president of Russia has signed a decree recognising Crimea


as an independent state. The government in Kiev has said that


Russia is holding Crimea at gunpoint and that will never accept the


annexation of Crimea, but that has said it is willing to hold jocks


with Moscow. CCTV vector is short the pilot and co-pilot from the


missing Malaysian flight going through security before boarding the


plane. That is all for now. Next it is the


weather. Goodbye. The cloud increasing overnight. The


breeze picking up. It will be a windy day tomorrow. The showers will


be heavy.


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