17/03/2014 World News Today


17/03/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 17/03/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. The US and EU impose

:00:00.:00:11.

limited sanctions on Russian and Crimean officials after the region

:00:12.:00:14.

votes to break away from Ukraine and join Russia.

:00:15.:00:19.

Tensions remain high. Ukraine says Russia is holding Crimea at

:00:20.:00:25.

gun-point. Moscow is warned there may be further measures against it,

:00:26.:00:29.

if it annexes Crimea. ?? new line The international community will

:00:30.:00:32.

continue to stand together to oppose any violations of Ukrainian

:00:33.:00:33.

sovereignty and territorial integrity and continued Russian

:00:34.:00:36.

military intervention will only deepen Russia's diplomatic

:00:37.:00:45.

isolation. "All right, goodnight". The final

:00:46.:00:49.

words uttered by the co-pilot on the missing Malaysian airline. As the

:00:50.:00:54.

search continues, attention shifts to the plane's two pilots. ?? new

:00:55.:00:58.

line The fashion designer L'Wren Scott, girlfriend of Mick Jagger, is

:00:59.:01:01.

found dead in her New York apartment. Suicide is suspected.

:01:02.:01:08.

And the noise behind the big bang. Solving the mystery of the universe,

:01:09.:01:11.

scientists say they have discovered extraordinary new evidence.

:01:12.:01:22.

Hello and welcome. The referendum vote in Crimea for the region to

:01:23.:01:27.

break away from Ukraine and join Russia has triggered sanctions from

:01:28.:01:32.

the US and the EU, as expected. Now the world is waiting to see what

:01:33.:01:36.

Moscow's next move is, will it annex Crimea formally and what are the

:01:37.:01:39.

implications of the situation in Crimea for pro-Russian regions in

:01:40.:01:41.

eastern Ukraine? Vladimir Putin has signed a decree recognising Crimea

:01:42.:01:45.

as an independent state. The Ukrainian government in Kiev has

:01:46.:01:48.

said it is prepared for talks with Moscow but that it will never accept

:01:49.:01:52.

annexation of its land. Daniel Sandford reports from the Crimean

:01:53.:01:57.

city, Simferopol. Under the statue of Lenin in the

:01:58.:02:01.

centre of the Crimean capital, they were still celebrating yesterday's

:02:02.:02:05.

referendum. A vote to break away from Ukraine and join Russia, a vote

:02:06.:02:11.

that has plunged Europe into crisis. In the Crimean parliament, the first

:02:12.:02:14.

stage was to declare independence from Ukraine. From there, the Prime

:02:15.:02:19.

Minister flew straight to Moscow to formally ask President Vladimir

:02:20.:02:22.

Putin to annex Crimea to the Russian Federation. Russian troops and

:02:23.:02:30.

armour still surround the Ukrainian Armed Forces, but the Ukrainian

:02:31.:02:32.

Defence Minister insisted that there will be no retreat. TRANSLATION:

:02:33.:02:43.

Crimea was, is and will be a Ukrainian territory. Our military

:02:44.:02:46.

will stay there and we will solve this problem in a peaceful and

:02:47.:02:51.

diplomatic way. We drove north from Simferopol to a strategic town near

:02:52.:02:54.

where Crimea joins the Ukrainian mainland. There, we found a new

:02:55.:03:01.

Russian military base and a mobile radar station on what had been a

:03:02.:03:04.

disused airfield until a fortnight ago. Far from relaxing, the Russians

:03:05.:03:12.

are reinforcing what may soon be a disputed border with Ukraine. Then,

:03:13.:03:20.

a group of men claiming to be from the People's militia asked us to

:03:21.:03:25.

leave. Although the referendum is now over, there is still a huge

:03:26.:03:30.

Russian military presence in Crimea. All day, we have been filming trucks

:03:31.:03:34.

coming and going on the main road from Crimea to mainland Ukraine. In

:03:35.:03:41.

this small town near the base, people were also salivating.

:03:42.:03:50.

Dash-macro celebrating. Alexi, a freelance writer, was helping his

:03:51.:03:52.

parents on their market stall and hopes that Crimea's moved back into

:03:53.:04:00.

the Russian fold will improve the We believe in one thing, in a better

:04:01.:04:04.

life in future. Not as part of Ukraine. But the price that will be

:04:05.:04:09.

paid for the future is an international crisis. Months or even

:04:10.:04:14.

years of uncertainty and a new stand-off between Russia and the

:04:15.:04:21.

West. We will be discussing the legal

:04:22.:04:24.

implications of the referendum in Crimea, first as we mentioned the US

:04:25.:04:28.

and the EU have announced an asset freeze and travel ban on Ukrainian

:04:29.:04:31.

and Russian interests and individuals. The American measures

:04:32.:04:34.

have been described as the "toughest since the end of the Cold War", but

:04:35.:04:38.

it is not clear what effect they will have on the conflict. Bridget

:04:39.:04:43.

Kendall reports. After last night's euphoria, now the

:04:44.:04:48.

consequences. In Crimea, the referendum results to break away

:04:49.:04:51.

from Ukraine was for Russian speakers a cause for celebration.

:04:52.:05:07.

But in Kiev and the West, it is an illegal move and must be resisted.

:05:08.:05:10.

So both EU and the United States today announced new sanctions. The

:05:11.:05:12.

international community will continue to stand together to oppose

:05:13.:05:15.

any violation of Ukrainian's sovereignty and territorial

:05:16.:05:17.

integrity and continued Russian military intervention in Ukraine

:05:18.:05:20.

will only deepen Russia's diplomatic isolation. These sanctions are aimed

:05:21.:05:26.

at those closely involved in trying to split off Crimea from Kiev.

:05:27.:05:30.

Travel bans on those behind the Russian military build-up and asset

:05:31.:05:36.

freezes. European sanctions on 21 people and 11 named by the

:05:37.:05:39.

Americans, including the Deputy Russian Prime Minister, the ousted

:05:40.:05:41.

Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, and Crimea's separatist

:05:42.:05:50.

leaders. And there is a warning of more sanctions to follow. In Moscow,

:05:51.:05:56.

one of the officials targeted dismissed the sanctions as political

:05:57.:05:59.

blackmail. President Putin's reaction will come in a big speech

:06:00.:06:10.

he is giving tomorrow. In the meantime, his government have laid

:06:11.:06:13.

out conditions for negotiation and made clear that it backs Crimea's

:06:14.:06:19.

call to reunite with Russia. TRANSLATION: I expect the majority

:06:20.:06:23.

of the Ukrainian population will respect this convincing result. So

:06:24.:06:27.

what does Russia want? Well, firstly, constitutional reform, to

:06:28.:06:30.

devolve powers to Ukraine's Russian speaking regions. And a cast-iron UN

:06:31.:06:35.

guaranteed that Ukraine will stay neutral and not join the EU or NATO.

:06:36.:06:45.

It also wants Russian language to be given equal status to Ukrainian. So

:06:46.:06:48.

far, so good, but Russia also insists that Crimea's referendum

:06:49.:06:51.

vote to leave Ukraine must be respected and there is no way that

:06:52.:06:55.

either the West or Kiev will agree to that. Already, it has been ruled

:06:56.:07:04.

out by Ukraine's acting president. We are ready for talks with Russia,

:07:05.:07:08.

he said today, but we will never accept the annexation of our

:07:09.:07:11.

territory. So all Ukraine can do is dig in to protect its borders from

:07:12.:07:15.

further incursions as tensions with Russia set to escalate.

:07:16.:07:32.

At that President Putin has recognised Crimea as an independent

:07:33.:07:35.

state, what is the legal implications for the current

:07:36.:07:37.

situation. Marc Weller is Professor of

:07:38.:07:40.

International Law at the University of Cambridge. He joins me now.

:07:41.:07:46.

President Putin saying that the referendum result must be respected,

:07:47.:07:50.

and he now says that Crimea is an independent state, is that a legal

:07:51.:07:56.

status for Crimea and what precedents are there that may help

:07:57.:07:59.

us to understand this current situation? This is the kind of game,

:08:00.:08:06.

because we know this is a 2-step process that Russia has gone for.

:08:07.:08:09.

Russia tries to avoid a situation where it would be accused

:08:10.:08:13.

immediately of having forcibly acquired the territory of a

:08:14.:08:16.

neighbouring state. Sometimes, something that is one of the gravest

:08:17.:08:25.

things against international legal order, there is only one such case

:08:26.:08:28.

that has occurred in the 21st century in Europe. That is Russia's

:08:29.:08:32.

occupation of two provinces of Georgia, which it also declared

:08:33.:08:38.

independent, but it has run and independently since 2008 since the

:08:39.:08:44.

armed conflict. What about the Kosovan referendum, what about

:08:45.:08:47.

Scotland, the referendum coming up here, what is the difference in

:08:48.:08:52.

legal terms between people fair in these regions having the right to

:08:53.:08:55.

decide if they should be independent or not? There are many critical

:08:56.:09:04.

differences. The Yugoslav federation dissolved and Kosovo became part of

:09:05.:09:08.

the overall federation disappearing. There is no suggestion that Ukraine

:09:09.:09:12.

had been under threat of dissolution. More are less, Kosovo

:09:13.:09:16.

had been repressed for ten years and at the time any, contrast to the

:09:17.:09:23.

Ukraine, it's Tommy had been by Belgrade and the UN mediator that

:09:24.:09:27.

dealt with the situation after the conflict, he came to the Security

:09:28.:09:31.

Council and said, we cannot hand back Kosovo to those that have been

:09:32.:09:37.

severely repressing it. -- its autonomy had been run by Belgrade.

:09:38.:09:43.

This is the first step. Normally, if you join really want to seek

:09:44.:09:46.

independence, you have to negotiate the terms. He remembered that David

:09:47.:09:53.

Cameron and Alex Salmond negotiating the referendum question and you look

:09:54.:09:58.

at the other options, perhaps enhanced autonomy would do the job.

:09:59.:10:05.

Now that the people of Crimea have taken the step, what is the basis

:10:06.:10:12.

for Russia to bear the brunt of the sanctions and the wrath of the

:10:13.:10:16.

international community, if they say that we accept the outcome of the

:10:17.:10:20.

referendum, it is what the people wanted, how can you triggered the

:10:21.:10:25.

sanctions against Russia? It is difficult to say that this is what

:10:26.:10:32.

the people wanted if you are at the same time virtually occupying the

:10:33.:10:37.

territory where these people live, and for the ultimate aim is to

:10:38.:10:42.

incorporate that territory into your own state. It is probably true that

:10:43.:10:45.

it was the genuine wish of many people in the Crimea to join Russia,

:10:46.:10:53.

but it is such a dangerous and difficult idea that you can just

:10:54.:10:57.

invade your neighbouring state or just use troops that you already had

:10:58.:11:02.

there, and then slice it off from that state and forcibly

:11:03.:11:09.

incorporated. That is why this is taken as such a serious incident,

:11:10.:11:12.

which is quite different from other cases. Thank you for taking us

:11:13.:11:20.

through the legal aspects. The continuing mystery of the

:11:21.:11:23.

missing Malaysian aeroplane is now focussing on the two pilots. The

:11:24.:11:26.

authorities now believe the final message from the airliner that

:11:27.:11:29.

disappeared nine days ago was made by the co-pilot. But it's still

:11:30.:11:32.

unclear whether that message, "all right, good night", made to ground

:11:33.:11:35.

controllers came after the plane's communication system had been turned

:11:36.:11:38.

off. 26 countries are involved in the search for the plane. From the

:11:39.:11:41.

Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur Rupert Wingfield-Hayes sent this

:11:42.:11:43.

report. These are the last pictures of the

:11:44.:11:47.

captain and the co-pilot of flight MH370, going through security

:11:48.:11:50.

minutes before boarding the plane. Today, we learned that it is this

:11:51.:11:53.

man, the co-pilot, Fariq Abdul Hamid, who was in control of the

:11:54.:11:56.

aircraft moments before it disappeared. The initial

:11:57.:12:02.

investigation indicates that it was the co-pilot. He spoke the last time

:12:03.:12:11.

it was recorded on tape. Just two minutes after Fariq Abdul Hamid made

:12:12.:12:14.

that last call, the plane's transponder was switched off and

:12:15.:12:16.

flight MH370 disappeared from radar screens. In the last few days, the

:12:17.:12:25.

focus of suspicion has been very much on the captain of flight MH370,

:12:26.:12:28.

but following today's revelations, the focus appears certain to switch

:12:29.:12:35.

here. Behind me is the house where 27-year-old Fariq Abdul Hamid lived

:12:36.:12:39.

with his parents. Across the street is the mosque where he prayed. He is

:12:40.:12:46.

not the only suspect. This man's son, an aircraft engineer flying to

:12:47.:12:50.

a new job in Beijing, is also being investigated. For the families, the

:12:51.:12:55.

tortured wait for information drags on and on. And the area that must be

:12:56.:13:02.

searched only continues to grow. North, it stretches across western

:13:03.:13:06.

China to the shores of the Caspian Sea. To the south, from Indonesia,

:13:07.:13:11.

almost to the Antarctic. Analysts say that this mystery is

:13:12.:13:19.

unprecedented in aviation history. I think it was very well-planned. They

:13:20.:13:22.

knew what was there and what routes to go to. They practised it even.

:13:23.:13:26.

Whoever has planned this is well ahead of us. And we do not yet know

:13:27.:13:34.

where it is. It is going to be very challenging to be able to figure

:13:35.:13:37.

this out. Today, the Chinese Navy began stocking up for the long

:13:38.:13:41.

voyage into the Indian Ocean. There are now 26 countries involved in

:13:42.:13:44.

this search but whoever took the plane has left them almost no trail

:13:45.:13:59.

to follow. The fashion designer and girlfriend

:14:00.:14:02.

of Mick Jagger, L'Wren Scott, has been found dead at her apartment in

:14:03.:14:06.

New York. She is believed to have committed suicide by hanging

:14:07.:14:08.

herself. L'Wren Scott was forty-nine and had been in a relationship with

:14:09.:14:12.

the Rolling Stones singer for about thirteen years. A spokesman for Mick

:14:13.:14:16.

Jagger, who's on tour in Australia, said he was "completely shocked and

:14:17.:14:29.

devastated". L'Wren Scott had been a model, a

:14:30.:14:33.

stylist, and in recent years a successful fashion designer. She had

:14:34.:14:39.

shown collections at London Fashion Week. Elegant, the epitome of

:14:40.:14:43.

upmarket glamour. We are expanding in Europe, the Middle East.

:14:44.:14:49.

Today her body was found in her New York apartment. Initial reports say

:14:50.:14:52.

she was found with a scarf around her neck that was attached to a

:14:53.:14:57.

door. Born in Utah in the States, at six feet three inches she rather

:14:58.:15:00.

towered over her partner of the last 13 years, Mick Jagger. He is today

:15:01.:15:06.

in Perth in Australia preparing for concerts with the Rolling Stones. A

:15:07.:15:12.

spokesman said he was completely shocked and devastated by the news.

:15:13.:15:15.

His first wife Bianca Jagger says she is heartbroken. Tributes have

:15:16.:15:18.

also come from fellow designers who said she was a talented artist and

:15:19.:15:30.

giving friend. Let us go to New York now. What do

:15:31.:15:41.

we know? Her body was discovered at ten

:15:42.:15:46.

o'clock this morning by an assistant who had been asked to come around to

:15:47.:15:50.

this apartment building on the west side of Manhattan by a text message

:15:51.:15:59.

from L'Wren Scott. When she opened up the door she found her lifeless

:16:00.:16:03.

body and it was apparent she had committed suicide. The police say

:16:04.:16:09.

there is no foul play and they have not yet found a suicide note. The

:16:10.:16:15.

body has been taken away by the medical examiner who has not yet

:16:16.:16:19.

made any statement. But it does look like this was suicide.

:16:20.:16:27.

She was quite a force in the world of fashion in New York and in

:16:28.:16:32.

London. She was. She was a successful

:16:33.:16:45.

fashion designer and fashion icon. She had a celebrity qui tell. -- she

:16:46.:16:58.

had celebrity clients. In the fashion district there is a great

:16:59.:17:04.

deal of shock. Her passing has been met with disbelief.

:17:05.:17:30.

The Big Bang theory is one of the most fascinating of topics - a great

:17:31.:17:34.

enigma which has even given its name to a popular American comedy series.

:17:35.:17:37.

Well now scientists trying to explain the birth of the universe

:17:38.:17:40.

seem to have made a significant development. Astro-physicists at

:17:41.:17:42.

Harvard University in the US think they've detected space-time ripples

:17:43.:17:45.

left over from the Big Bang. Our Science Editor David Shukman

:17:46.:17:47.

reports. These are ancient and incredibly

:17:48.:17:49.

challenging mysteries. How the universe started. What was it that

:17:50.:17:52.

allowed everything we are familiar with to be born? Questions that

:17:53.:17:55.

modern science is trying to answer with the idea of a Big Bang. It's

:17:56.:17:59.

the theory of a single burst of creation and for the first time

:18:00.:18:03.

there is proof of this process at work. A telescope under the freezing

:18:04.:18:06.

skies of the South Pole is detecting clues from the earliest moments of

:18:07.:18:11.

time. Applause today for a major advance. At Harvard University the

:18:12.:18:17.

first results were unveiled. This is a genuine breakthrough in

:18:18.:18:23.

understanding how it all began. For decades the idea of a Big Bang

:18:24.:18:27.

giving birth to the universe has been a theory with no hard evidence

:18:28.:18:31.

of exactly how this works. Now this American team has discovered

:18:32.:18:34.

patterns in the energy left over from the earliest moments. From the

:18:35.:18:38.

particular twists in the light that was created back then, patterns that

:18:39.:18:41.

can only have been formed by ripples radiating out from the initial burst

:18:42.:18:46.

of the big bang. Those ripples are what ultimately allowed gravity to

:18:47.:18:49.

pull together the galaxies, stars and the planet. This is a major

:18:50.:18:56.

advance in understanding how we got here. Scientists all over the world

:18:57.:19:02.

have been poring over the results. This team gathered at Oxford

:19:03.:19:08.

University this afternoon. There is a recognition that this is a hugely

:19:09.:19:12.

important milestone. We don't know why the universe started expanding.

:19:13.:19:15.

We don't know why the big bang happened. This takes us as far back

:19:16.:19:21.

as it's possible to go and will hopefully help us figure that out.

:19:22.:19:26.

So all this raises a tantalising thought. If we can know how the Big

:19:27.:19:32.

Bang got going can we also find out how it actually started? The big

:19:33.:19:48.

question about our own existence. This type of light can travel and

:19:49.:19:57.

impeded. How do we know it is to do with the Big Bang? We look at the

:19:58.:20:06.

galaxies. Look deeper and deeper and they move even faster. If you run

:20:07.:20:11.

the movie back, so to speak, then you understand things must have been

:20:12.:20:15.

closer together in the past. That is the basis of the dearly. It is the

:20:16.:20:21.

idea that just after it got going that they moved to a super

:20:22.:20:26.

expansion. It is the marker that was left on the older slight in the sky

:20:27.:20:32.

that proves that that was the case. So we can say with certainty that

:20:33.:20:37.

this might is from the Big Bang? Yes. Scientists say it is very

:20:38.:20:41.

difficult for this particular marker to be made any other way. But if it

:20:42.:20:47.

is real it is very difficult to describe how that marker in the sky

:20:48.:20:52.

got to be there other than through super growth at the start of the

:20:53.:20:57.

universe. People will be trying to verify this. There's this Nobel

:20:58.:21:05.

prize territory? Absolutely. People have talked about this for a decade.

:21:06.:21:09.

The people who would see this marker on the sky would get a Nobel prize.

:21:10.:21:15.

Yes, it has to be verified. There is one experiment. Other people how to

:21:16.:21:28.

do that. We have just one experiment. There are other

:21:29.:21:30.

telescopes looking for this particular signature. Other

:21:31.:21:36.

telescopes that are even better than this coming online in the next few

:21:37.:21:40.

years. We will find out pretty quickly when the science community

:21:41.:21:47.

accepts this result. In time for this year's Nobel prize? Probably

:21:48.:21:52.

not this year, but maybe the year after. A South African guns expert

:21:53.:22:14.

has been testifying in Oscar Pistorius' murder trial. Sean Rens

:22:15.:22:17.

said that months before he killed his girlfriend, the athlete said he

:22:18.:22:21.

drew his gun and went into "combat mode'' after thinking he heard the

:22:22.:22:24.

noise of an intruder at his home. That sound turned out to be a

:22:25.:22:27.

washing machine. Pistorius is accused of murdering Reeva Steenkamp

:22:28.:22:32.

on Valentine's Day last year. A car bomb outside a military base

:22:33.:22:36.

in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi has killed at least eight

:22:37.:22:39.

soldiers. More than ten other people were wounded. The bomb went off as

:22:40.:22:42.

people were leaving a graduation ceremony for officers at the

:22:43.:22:46.

barracks. US Navy Seals have taken control of

:22:47.:22:50.

a tanker loaded with oil owned by the Libyan government after a

:22:51.:22:52.

dramatic raid in international waters, south of Cyprus. The vessel

:22:53.:22:55.

known as Morning Glory evaded a naval blockade in the Libyan port of

:22:56.:22:59.

Sidra last week. The oil terminal has been under the control of

:23:00.:23:02.

militia wanting autonomy for Eastern Libya since July 2013.

:23:03.:23:08.

North Korea's ambassador to the UN has walked out of a hearing on human

:23:09.:23:12.

rights violations in his country, when a Japanese representative began

:23:13.:23:15.

to speak. The meeting was discussing a UN report that describes North

:23:16.:23:18.

Korea's crimes as being as chilling as those of the Nazis. A number of

:23:19.:23:22.

people who escaped from North Korea were there.

:23:23.:23:29.

Exiled Syrians are trying to reach back into their own country. One

:23:30.:23:40.

group the broadcast from Turkey. From a rooftop in Istanbul this

:23:41.:23:51.

person presents a programme. She used to read the news on Syrian

:23:52.:23:56.

state TV, but she got fed up with being told what to say so she went

:23:57.:24:08.

into exile. People in Syria changed. Now we want to speak. We want to say

:24:09.:24:19.

what we want. We are not afraid of anyone. The station has said radios

:24:20.:24:26.

to Syria. It asks its listeners to phone in. Some of them do not want

:24:27.:24:49.

to come back. Others want to make a deal with the regime.

:24:50.:24:58.

This man arranges the music of the station. Inside Syria he did the

:24:59.:25:16.

same thing for the government. I made songs for President Assad. If I

:25:17.:25:26.

still worked until now, maybe I would kill myself.

:25:27.:25:36.

In this war his music is used to inspire both sides.

:25:37.:25:52.

The European Union and the United States have announced asset freezes

:25:53.:25:56.

against officials who played a key role in the referendum and Crimea.

:25:57.:26:03.

But the president of Russia has signed a decree recognising Crimea

:26:04.:26:08.

as an independent state. The government in Kiev has said that

:26:09.:26:13.

Russia is holding Crimea at gunpoint and that will never accept the

:26:14.:26:18.

annexation of Crimea, but that has said it is willing to hold jocks

:26:19.:26:24.

with Moscow. CCTV vector is short the pilot and co-pilot from the

:26:25.:26:31.

missing Malaysian flight going through security before boarding the

:26:32.:26:38.

plane. That is all for now. Next it is the

:26:39.:26:41.

weather. Goodbye. The cloud increasing overnight. The

:26:42.:27:03.

breeze picking up. It will be a windy day tomorrow. The showers will

:27:04.:27:06.

be heavy.

:27:07.:27:12.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS