21/03/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Zeinab Badawi.


President Putin has signed into law his annexation of Crimea. As far as


Moscow is concerned, it is now formally part of Russia.


Celebrations and fireworks in Red Square and Crimea itself after the


signing ceremony is over. Earlier, Moscow had dismissed further Western


sanctions against it. In Brussels, the interim Ukrainian


Prime Minister puts his signature to a deal bringing his country closer


to the European Union. Two weeks after the disappearance of


a Malaysian passenger plane, dozens of ships and aircraft search the


Southern Indian Ocean, but nothing has been found.


Also coming up: Turkey's Twitter row - President Gul tweets that Prime


Minister Erdogan's move to ban Twitter is illegal. What does this


tell us about the political balance of power in Turkey?


Pub landlords, debt collectors and construction workers come out as


Britain's most miserable workers, but what jobs make people happiest?


Stay with us. Hello and welcome.


As far as Russia is concerned, the legal formalities are over. The


Black Sea Peninsula of Crimea is now part of the Russian Federation.


Fireworks and a rock concert light up Moscow skyline tonight in


celebration of the annexation of the region. Similar festivities are


taking place in the Crimean cities of Simferopol and Sebastapol.


Earlier today, President Putin signed into law the official


incorporation of Crimea into Russia. Moscow says the move reflects the


will of the people of Crimea, but it has led to more sanctions against


Russia by the EU. The EU has today signed a co-operation agreement with


Ukraine in a sign that Kiev is turning more towards the West. In a


moment, we will be assessing what the impact of today's developments


are on Moscow. First, Gavin Hewitt reports.


A day of signings, two worlds, East versus West. In Moscow, President


Putin sealed the absorption of Crimea into Russia by signing the


documents. The Russian president saluted what he called a serious,


momentous event. The Russian anthem played.


1400 miles away in Brussels, very different signing. The EU took this


ball at first step of signing an agreement with Ukraine, bringing the


nation of 46 million people closer to the heart of Europe. No anthem


here, just a ripple of applause. At a summit in Brussels, Europe's


leaders adopted new sanctions against 12 Russian officials,


including the Russian Deputy Prime Minister, after the referendum in


Crimea. Since we last met as sham and illegal referendum has taken


place at the barrel of a Kalashnikov. This is a flagrant


breach of international law and something we will not recognise.


After this summer, 33 Crimean sand Russian is now face travel


restrictions. The summit agreed that if the crisis escalates, they are


prepared to move to some kind of economic sanctions and the


commission has been tasked with exploring potential targets. The


atmosphere was spiced with warnings about Russian intentions. This was


the Ukrainian Prime Minister. What is happening in the world today?


Russia decided to impose a new post world War order, revise the results


of the Second World War. This is the truth! This is the president of


Lithuania. We are facing the largest security threats since the Second


World War. So, amid such warnings, European leaders agreed to


accelerate reducing their dependency on Russian energy.


With me is Alexander Nekrassov, a former adviser to Boris Yeltsin.


Let stock about Russian energy. Europe depends on Russian gas, but


you need to sell your gas to somebody. You can't really afford to


upset the Europeans. First of all, it would take years for the European


Union to change its supplies. China is basically banging on Russian


doors demanding more oil and gas. The issue is how will this be


resolved? How long will these sanctions last? The interesting


thing I have noticed is that the markets all this week have not


really panicked. Russian stock markets have gone down three or 4%.


The Russian market will bounce back. The markets in the West, they


realise that the sanctions, the real ones, will not be implemented. These


people have to trust their judgement. They see it as a game. It


is probably time to stop the game and start talking. Do you think it


is a game when the Ukraine signs this first step of agreement with


the European Union? They might join the EU, maybe even NATO. It was


signed by an interim regime. It was only signed on the political side,


not the economic side. The moment it does that, it will hit its industry


very hard. I don't think the interim regime dares to do that. You are


looking at what is happening today, but I am putting it to you that we


are starting to see a shift in alliances which could come in due


course, operate to the detriment of Russia. It would have happened


anyway. The western side was stonethrowing thugs. Anything can


happen. At the moment I think the danger is this, Ukraine can split


into two parts. It is time for diplomacy. The West, there will be a


G-7 meeting in London on Monday and they not inviting Russia. That is a


bad idea. It is time to talk rather than play those games.


We have to leave it there. Thank you for talking to us.


It is exactly two weeks today since the missing Malaysian airliner


disappeared. The second day of an international search in the Southern


Indian Ocean for the missing plane has come to a close. The plane


disappeared after leaving Kuala Lumpur and still there is no clear


understanding of what happened to it and the 239 passengers on board.


Hi-tech search aircraft and ships are being despatched to an area


where satellite images picked up some possible debris, but nothing


has been found. Jonathan Head has the latest.


After ten hours, this is truly an aircraft comes to its base in


Western Australia. It is one of five to make the long journey today, I'd


do the search site in the southern Indian Ocean. They are using every


moment of daylight descends mission to from this space. Yet, the stretch


of ocean they have to cover is so vast it is only a matter of luck as


to whether they find any of the missing airliner. Of all the many


kinds of planes and vessels thrown into this remarkable operation, this


aircraft is among the most effect. Yet, for all its sensitive


technology, the crew are overwhelmed by the size of the task. Journalists


crowd around the young pilot, eager for any news of the Malaysia


airliner. We had really good weather today, compared to what we saw


yesterday. The visibility was great. There was no reason. We had a


really good opportunity to see anything visually out there. We have


a lot of hope. If the commission 's -- conditions remain as they are,


we, hopefully, we'll find something soon. This satellite pictures shows


what looks like something large close to the surface of the sea. The


photographs are five days old, so they are expanding the search to


where the powerful currents might have carried it. Although the search


area is much smaller than we started with, it is a big area when you're


looking at the window and trying to see something. We may have to do


this a few times to be confident about the coverage of research area.


It is exhausting, repetitive work. But they have to keep going. Each


day without any sign of where the airliner went down makes the


likelihood of finding it more removed.


With each passing day, the families of those on board have little to do


but hope and wait. Jennifer Pak has been to a shopping centre in Kuala


Lumpar, where people have been sharing their prayers and messages


of support. This is the wall of hope, set up in the shopping centre


in downtown Kuala Lumpur are. It is set up so people can ) is an


well-wishers to people on board the flight. The messages are in English,


Malay, Chinese. This one says there are too many rumours about the


flight, but we don't know which is true. Look at the number of messages


that have been put up. The disappearance of this flight is


affecting a lot of people. It is making us feel sad. Many people


can't sleep because they are thinking about the people. Did you


know anyone on the flight? My colleague has an uncle that was on


the flight. He is still trying his best to be positive. If they are no


longer here if you know what I mean, I hope the families will have the


opportunity to get the bodies back so they can pay their last. Militia


officials are still saying this is a search and rescue effort, but so


many days have passed without any concrete information of where this


team could be. A lot of the messages here choose to remain hopeful. This


one, in Chinese, says, come home soon.


The row over Twitter in Turkey is now showing the splits at the heart


of the government. President Abdullah Gul has challenged a block


on Twitter imposed by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Mr Gul tweeted


that the complete shutdown of social media platforms was unacceptable. He


said only individual internet pages should be blocked, if courts found


they had violated personal privacy. Mr Erdogan had promised to wipe


Twitter out after it was used to spread allegations of corruption and


alleged recordings of his private conversations. Some internet users


in Turkey, where Twitter is very popular, have managed to get round


the block. With me is Serkan Demitas, a columnist at Hurriyet


Daily News, the English language section of one Turkey's biggest


newspapers. This isn't really about Twitter, is


it? This is about Prime Minister Erdogan feeling a bit under


pressure. It is about politics, not twitter. In Turkey, Prime Minister


Erdogan has continued his efforts to control media of four years. Social


media seem to be a great vehicle for the Internet savvy in Turkey. What


we have seen yesterday is another blow from Prime Minister Erdogan on


the freedom of expression. Does he realise how difficult that is going


to be to do? It is virtually impossible. Even the president


managed to get round it! Of course. We have seen that this blocking has


been very unsuccessful. People could circumvent the blocking through


adjusting their settings. Does that show you that the Prime Minister is


a bit out of touch with reality? This is one of the most important


questions we are asking! If you are talking about politics, Prime


Minister Erdogan is running for elections. There is just over a week


left for elections. He knows that the leakages of his conversations or


documents, allegedly linking him with the corruption network, that is


coming from twitter. Or other social media. What does it tell you when


the President, President Abdullah Gul, says I am going to keep on


using twitter. This splits within the ruling party are coming out in


the open, are they? President Abdullah Gul and Prime Minister


Erdogan have been on different pages for a long time. The president is


much more keen in preserving democracy in Turkey. Prime Minister


Erdogan is trying to strengthen his one-man party. We don't know if


Prime Minister Erdogan wants to run for president in August. Could he


really have any chance of standing and winning again? Has he and for


the constituency in Turkey? He is trying to consolidate his 50%


majority that he had in Parliamentary elections three years


ago. He needs to have 50% to become president. We need to elect the


president through popular vote, that means they need 50%. Prime Minister


Erdogan is not really there, he is losing his popularity. His moves are


dividing the nation. Thank you very much indeed.


A doctor and another man have become the first people in Britain to be


charged in connection with performing female genital


mutilation. FGM has been banned in the UK since 1985. The World Health


Organisation says more than a 125 million girls and women alive today


have been cut in the 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East where FGM


is concentrated. In the UK, it's thought around 66,000 women have


been mutilated and a further 23,000 girls are at risk every year from


the practice. Matt Prodger has this report.


Whittington Hospital in London, where a doctor, Dr Dhanoun


Dharmasena, is alleged to have mutilated a woman's genitals after


she gave birth. As acute as saying his defence was to allegedly restore


a mutilation performed on the woman prior to her becoming pregnant.


Another man is charged with encouraging the act. Female genital


mutilation has been outlawed for 30 years, but today marks only the


first prosecution. A lot of FGM will be young girls and will involve


immediate members of their family, so they will not want to give


evidence against them, will not want to make a complaint that could see


members of their family go to prison. So we have had to look at


other ways to get the evidence. We have looked at how to work with


police around proactive operations, and there are other things we can


look at, such as anonymity for victims. It is estimated 66,000


women in the UK have been affected, and over 20,000 girls under 15 are


thought at risk of the practice, classed as torture by the UN. The


BBC discovered only this week that many patients have been treated in


London alone. This is a crime, something that has been hidden for


far too long, which is why the government has stepped up its


response and stepped up some great understanding to take this crime out


of the shadows and into the light. -- some greater understanding. Women


are contacting helplines like this. For many years little known in the


UK, FGM has been given greater attention thanks to the work of


campaigners, who are delighted by today's news. Today is one of the


best days of my life in campaigning. I feel like standing on top of the


roof and shouting. That is how I feel about it. All eyes will be on


the success, or failure, of these first prosecutions. The accused will


appear in court next month. In France, social services have


found four children kept in a flat. It seems the children hadn't left


the apartment since they were born. The children are between two months


and six years of age. Hugh Schofield in Paris has more on this.


The family, of Indian origin, lived on the seventh floor of an apartment


block in a poor part of northern Paris, three boys and a baby girl.


The boys had never been to school or seen a doctor. The elder pair, five


and six, could barely talk. Neighbours said they had no idea.


TRANSLATION: They are our neighbours. When we were taking our


children to school, we should have noticed something was wrong, but we


didn't. I don't know anything about the mental state of the parents, but


I think there is a problem. The alert was raised after the mother


gave birth to her daughter in January. Staff could see that she


has had no medical care during pregnancy and they sent social


services to the flat. The parents were drawing state benefits but the


situation had gone undetected. TRANSLATION: It is not up to the


benefits office to monitor what happens to the benefits paid to


families who have provided the documents required. The parents are


now in custody facing charges for negligence. The children are in


care. Now a look at some of the day's


other news. Afghan authorities say that nine


people are now known to have been killed in an attack by Taliban


gunmen at a luxury hotel in the capital, Kabul, after previously


saying there were no casualties. The dead include two Afghan children and


four foreign nationals. Four teenagers with small pistols posed


as diners before they opened fire on Thursday evening. They were killed


by Afghan security forces. A court in the Indian city of Mumbai


has sentenced four men to life in prison for gang raping an


18-year-old telephone operator at a deserted textile mill last July.


Three of the men had already been found guilty of gang raping a


photographer a month later at the same spot.


Those were the wrong pictures for that story. They were for this


picture -- this story. The parliament in Kenya has passed a


new marriage bill, changing it at the last moment to allow men to


marry as many women as they want without consulting their existing


wives. Female politicians stormed out in protest. The bill had


previously allowed polygamy, but stated wives had to be consulted


before their husbands could marry again.


Michelle Obama has met with Chinese President Xi Jinping and his wife on


the first full day of her week-long visit to China. The trip is being


seen as an opportunity for soft diplomacy, to reinforce relations


between the US and China. Mrs Obama is being accompanied by her mother


and her two daughters. Today she also tried her hand at table tennis


and was shown how to do Chinese calligraphy.


Most of us have to work to earn a living but job satisfaction is also


important. Well, research in the UK has ranked the life satisfaction, or


general contentment, of people in different jobs. And it turns out


that while pay levels are clearly a factor, it's not all about what you


earn. At the top of the list, the happiest workers were clergy -


vicars and priests. They were followed by chief executives and


senior officials. Then came managers in farming and horticulture. But at


the bottom of the list were workers in basic construction jobs, followed


by debt and rent collectors. And the group with the lowest level of life


satisfaction were pub landlords. The findings are part of a wider


investigation into how much government decisions and policy


should take account of the wellbeing and happiness of the population.


With me is Gus O'Donnell, former head of the UK civil service and the


chair of the panel that wrote the report. Thank you for joining us.


How, in the first place, do you measure happiness? It is quite a


difficult thing to be objective about subjective emotions. Which is


why we ask you. We ask for your feelings. For this study, we said to


people, tell us, overall, how satisfied are you with your life and


your job. We had that information. We know there is more to life than


money, as you rightly said. We are tracking life satisfaction and


income, with the idea that when people in careers service for


schools, colleges and universities, when they are thinking about what


job they should get, at the moment all that they know about is the


money they will earn. We are saying there are other attributes you


should be thinking about. If you do jobs where you are helping other


people, you will be more satisfied, and maybe that is a consideration


you should take into account when thinking about your career. To


altruism, service to the community, that has to be balanced with pay,


but pay is still important and you need a basic level in order to be


content. The absence of a decent living wage is not something you


recommend. Hugely important. When people say income does not matter


for well-being, that is untrue. Particularly at low to medium


levels. But it tails off. When you are at low income, and extra


increased matters a lot. When you are a millionaire, if you extra


hundred stores not make a difference to your well-being. It does not stop


them chasing it. You are an economist with a lot of experience


in government, the Treasury and economics and so on, but society as


a whole does not recognise what you have said. Take a nurse, for


instance, not very well paid, looking after the elderly, the sick


and infirm, doing a real job serving the community. A hedge fund manager


deals with finance, produces nothing and gets paid millions. Well, that


is the market for you. I can't change that with this report. But I


can tell people that what matters is that the hedge fund manager may have


a lot of money but is he or she happy doing that job? I would say


that the nurse is making a real difference, interacting. At the end


of your life, do you want to say, I look back and I think I made a real


difference? Why do you say what you have said? We know market forces are


difficult to control, but surely government policy can redress that


balance. I am not talking about the superstars and pop stars who have a


unique talent and appeal, but just groups of people who really perform


fundamental duties and services should be better paid. Well, there


is only a certain amount that governments can afford. Many of


these are public sector jobs. What we can do is show our appreciation


for them. Lots of things that we do, in terms of the honour system and


other things, do reward these people, and we have a progressive


tax system which does tend to equalise. When we look at economics


and element indicators, surely we need to put in happiness somehow,


and not just look at GDP as the be all and end all. I couldn't agree


more. There is more to life than money and we must move beyond GDP,


which is a ridiculous way of measuring success. Very few


countries only think about GDP. When we think about how successful we are


as a society, or as individuals, we do not just think about money. We


think about what we are achieving, whether we feel our life is


worthwhile or satisfied. Do you have job satisfaction? Huge job


satisfaction. That is it. Next, the


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