24/03/2014 World News Today


24/03/2014

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This is BBC World News. Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 is lost.

:00:09.:00:17.

Presumed it ditched in the Southern Indian Ocean. Relatives are told

:00:18.:00:21.

there is no hope as the Malaysia and Prime Minister announces the flight

:00:22.:00:22.

's last known position as many hours from land.

:00:23.:00:31.

It is therefore with deep sadness and regret that I must inform you

:00:32.:00:44.

that according to this new data, the live image, it ended in the Southern

:00:45.:00:56.

Indian Ocean -- one ended. We have the track on the British

:00:57.:00:59.

firm that got the most definitive reading of the location. Over 100

:01:00.:01:04.

people are now missing after a massive mudslide in the United

:01:05.:01:07.

States. And protests in Egypt as it caught

:01:08.:01:13.

sentences more than 500 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood to death.

:01:14.:01:23.

Hello and welcome. Waiting families were told by text message that it

:01:24.:01:29.

has to be assumed "beyond reasonable doubt" that the Malaysia Airlines

:01:30.:01:32.

flight which took off 16 days ago and vanished is lost. An

:01:33.:01:37.

international search is still scouring the waters far south-west

:01:38.:01:40.

of Perth, Australia, where it is believed the aircraft went down. We

:01:41.:01:51.

have more on the search for evidence, and on the data that

:01:52.:01:54.

finally led investigators to this conclusion. But first, Alistair

:01:55.:01:57.

Leithead reports from the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur.

:01:58.:02:03.

It was a moment the world was expecting, but the families of those

:02:04.:02:07.

on board Flight MH370 were hoping would never come. The Malaysia Prime

:02:08.:02:13.

Minister 's announcement was based on new information from the British

:02:14.:02:17.

communications company at the heart of this investigation. The UK

:02:18.:02:23.

company that provided the satellite data using a type of analysis never

:02:24.:02:30.

before used in an investigation of this sort, they have been able to

:02:31.:02:38.

shed more light on Flight MH370 's Pap.

:02:39.:02:43.

Inmarsat Jese data sent from the plane to the satellite to establish

:02:44.:02:49.

corridors of light could have troubled -- sense data. They used

:02:50.:02:54.

computer modelling to discount the northern corridor so the plane 's

:02:55.:02:57.

last signal must have come from here in the Southern Indian Ocean. This

:02:58.:03:04.

is a remote location. Far from any possible landing sites. It is

:03:05.:03:12.

therefore with deep sadness and regret that I must inform you that

:03:13.:03:25.

according to this new data, Flight MH370 ended in the Southern Indian

:03:26.:03:35.

Ocean. This was the reaction in Beijing

:03:36.:03:39.

when the families heard the terrible news.

:03:40.:03:46.

Anger replaced this sudden and brutal loss of hope. The Malaysians

:03:47.:03:51.

are talking nonsense, shouts this man, until the wreckage is found,

:03:52.:03:55.

the truth will be hard to accept. Chinese aircraft joined the search

:03:56.:04:01.

for wreckage today, 1,500 miles off the coast of Western Australia. They

:04:02.:04:06.

photographed unidentified floating objects, as did an Australian

:04:07.:04:11.

aircraft crew. Ships are also on the way to the search area. This is just

:04:12.:04:16.

the first step in trying to solve one of the world 's great aviation

:04:17.:04:21.

mysteries, a wreckage linked to the flight has not been positively

:04:22.:04:25.

identified so the search must go on for remains of the plane, its

:04:26.:04:30.

black-box, flight recorder, to piece together the last hours of the

:04:31.:04:33.

passion Joe -- the passengers and crew on board. Why it went down

:04:34.:04:38.

thousands of miles off-course deep in the Southern Indian Ocean may

:04:39.:04:43.

never be known. Well, the Malaysian Prime Minister's

:04:44.:04:46.

announcement followed new analysis by experts at the UK's Air Accidents

:04:47.:04:49.

Investigation Branch and by Inmarsat, that is the British

:04:50.:04:51.

company which provided the satellite data. Our transport correspondent,

:04:52.:04:58.

Richard Westcott, has been talking to the team behind the breakthrough.

:04:59.:05:06.

This is the room where they would have been receiving the data from

:05:07.:05:10.

Flight MH370 and this is where they have put together a new analysis to

:05:11.:05:15.

confirm the aircraft definitely flew South and is definitely somewhere

:05:16.:05:17.

down here. How have you finally concluded it

:05:18.:05:25.

flew South? We took aircraft data, and modelled that and put that

:05:26.:05:30.

against the northern and Southern parts and what we discovered was

:05:31.:05:35.

that the path to the South is undoubtedly the one taken. Why has

:05:36.:05:42.

it taken so long? We have been dealing with a totally new area. We

:05:43.:05:47.

have been trying to help an investigation based on a signal

:05:48.:05:51.

signal once an hour from an aircraft without GPS data, any time and

:05:52.:05:56.

distance information. This was a bit of a shot in the dark and it is to

:05:57.:06:00.

the credit of our scientific team that they could model this. Are you

:06:01.:06:06.

happy with the way the Malaysians have processed this data? The

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emphasis must have been on cutting back the data they were getting, I

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would have been dealing with neighbours they might not get on

:06:15.:06:17.

with, they would have been trying to get through a series of data to

:06:18.:06:21.

eliminate so it is hard to criticise them. It will frighten people that

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an aircraft can just disappear. Is there anything to stop it happening

:06:28.:06:33.

in the future? If you look at ships at sea, long-range tracking and

:06:34.:06:37.

identification is a requirement as part of safety arrangements.

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Aircraft could have their positions reported now with existing

:06:42.:06:45.

technology, it would cost less than $1 an hour.

:06:46.:06:49.

The search for the wreckage of Flight MH370 is continuing, and

:06:50.:06:52.

continuing to focus on a stretch of the Southern Indian Ocean. An

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Australian naval ship has been looking for four objects in the sea

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which were spotted by a surveillance aircraft. Jon Donnison has been

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following the search from the centre of the operation, the Australian

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city of Perth. The five days, the vast Southern

:07:04.:07:17.

Indian Ocean has yielded few clues. Today, that changed. An Australian

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search plane fired flares to mark the spot after four pieces of

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possible debris from the missing Malaysians get was spotted. -- jet.

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They tracked shift in position caused by the objects. -- ships. It

:07:38.:07:42.

was rectangular, slightly below the ocean. The second object was

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circular and slightly below the ocean, we came across a cylindrical

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object, and a couple of items in the area. It was also cylindrical in

:07:55.:08:02.

shape. Dozens of flights this week have spotted virtually nothing. But

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today, a Chinese plane also reported seeing suspicious objects among the

:08:07.:08:12.

waves. But from the Australian Prime Minister, a word of caution. Planes

:08:13.:08:17.

and ships continue to search the area for any sign of the missing

:08:18.:08:23.

aircraft. I caution again that we do not know whether any of these

:08:24.:08:32.

objects from Flight MH370. An Australian Navy ship is one of

:08:33.:08:37.

several vessels trying to find that out. It could then take days to

:08:38.:08:44.

transport anything they do find the 1,500 miles back to dry land. And

:08:45.:08:49.

unless the plane 's crucial lockbox is found, we may know what happened

:08:50.:08:54.

but we will not know why -- black box.

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David Gleave is an aviation safety investigator from Loughborough

:08:59.:09:01.

University. He joins us from Leicester, in the English Midlands.

:09:02.:09:10.

Still, a very difficult search for any evidence, what does the priority

:09:11.:09:18.

have to be? The priority has to be to call for as many naval assets as

:09:19.:09:24.

we can get hold of and search and rescue aeroplanes to carry out the

:09:25.:09:27.

search, to try to identify anything on the surface. And also, to start

:09:28.:09:33.

the subsea search, to see if we can hear the units which are

:09:34.:09:39.

broadcasting radio signals from the black-box. Provided they have not

:09:40.:09:44.

been interfered with and they work, we could detect them for about the

:09:45.:09:48.

next three weeks. What it is a bust area to search for. After three

:09:49.:09:53.

weeks, that signal fades? And presumably, it you have the issue of

:09:54.:09:58.

currents carrying debris further from the stretch of water? -- you

:09:59.:10:03.

have. Yes, but most of the aircraft if it

:10:04.:10:08.

is in the Southern Indian Ocean will have sunk, then it will be settled

:10:09.:10:14.

on the ocean floor. It will be sufficiently dense and it should not

:10:15.:10:18.

move too far, but there could be ocean currents on the surface that

:10:19.:10:23.

build-up silt. It is probably reasonably stable, the area, but

:10:24.:10:27.

anything that is floating that we find would be very useful. But it is

:10:28.:10:32.

now a long way from where the aircraft wreckage would be and we

:10:33.:10:38.

need to rely on the oceanographers to give an indication as to where

:10:39.:10:41.

the aircraft could be, but that search pattern gets wider every day.

:10:42.:10:46.

Do you think we will ever know why the plane went down? There are

:10:47.:10:51.

several credible theories still around. If we get hold of the

:10:52.:10:57.

black-box, Ben Maher been deliberate interference with those on board,

:10:58.:11:01.

they should have survived reasonably well -- there may have been. The

:11:02.:11:05.

question is whether it has been interfered with. We may need to get

:11:06.:11:10.

a cockpit section back to see who was on the flight deck. What theory

:11:11.:11:17.

has seemed most edible so far? Statistically, that aircraft would

:11:18.:11:22.

appear to have been taken deliberately. -- credible. Given

:11:23.:11:29.

that we have no political or religious claims for any form of

:11:30.:11:34.

terrorism, we are starting to look towards intentional taking the

:11:35.:11:38.

aeroplane and crashing it for some form of personal financial reason is

:11:39.:11:42.

the most likely explanation. Statistically, that is the most

:11:43.:11:48.

likely cause at this moment. From the limited evidence we have, you

:11:49.:11:52.

think it is unlikely something catastrophic happens suddenly,

:11:53.:11:55.

taking everyone by surprise? -- happened. It is relatively

:11:56.:12:01.

unlikely, the aeroplane disappeared at the point of maximum confusion

:12:02.:12:05.

when you are handing over between two traffic control centres, it is

:12:06.:12:09.

tracked between Malaysia and Thailand, splitting the border, and

:12:10.:12:15.

the wine of maximum confusion. And to head intentionally into the

:12:16.:12:19.

Indian Ocean, there would be no reason for the navigation system to

:12:20.:12:22.

disappear into that direction so it looks as if the aircraft has, from

:12:23.:12:27.

somebody on board and we do not know who, anybody could be trained given

:12:28.:12:31.

sufficient time and with the right technical team behind them, the

:12:32.:12:36.

aircraft appears to have been crashed a long way from Australia.

:12:37.:12:40.

In order to hide the wreckage or make it as difficult as possible to

:12:41.:12:44.

find. There appears to be a degree of likelihood it has been done

:12:45.:12:48.

intentionally rather than on intentionally, mechanical failure

:12:49.:12:54.

for example. Thank you for your insight.

:12:55.:12:57.

Eight people are confirmed dead and 108 are still missing after a huge

:12:58.:13:00.

mudslide on Saturday in the north-western US state of

:13:01.:13:02.

Washington. Eyewitnesses have spoken about a massive wall of mud sweeping

:13:03.:13:06.

near the town of Oso, about 55 miles North of Seattle, and leaving behind

:13:07.:13:09.

a square mile of "total devastation". Akiko Fujita, from our

:13:10.:13:14.

colleagues at ABC News, sent this report from rescue headquarters in

:13:15.:13:16.

nearby Arlington. Another day of searching, no signs

:13:17.:13:31.

of life, rescue crews coming through mud 15 feet deep and neighbourhoods

:13:32.:13:36.

flattened. There may be people in cars and on houses, we are trying to

:13:37.:13:40.

track that down the best we can. Half a mountain slid through this

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community, a full square mile, enough to cover 484 fields. Shaun

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Wright ran towards the screens to find a baby and mother buried under

:13:53.:13:56.

their home, he used chainsaws to get out alive. You could not tell

:13:57.:14:05.

anything, it was debris. With no rain expected today, crews are

:14:06.:14:08.

scrambling to find survivors, searching from the air, braving

:14:09.:14:13.

quicksand on the ground. Heavy rainfall is expected later in the

:14:14.:14:18.

week, the hope for any light is dimming with every hour. We hope

:14:19.:14:23.

every hour they find people alive and cant get them to help. This is

:14:24.:14:29.

after the wettest march in years, more than seven inches of rain fell,

:14:30.:14:34.

twice the average, and there is more expected tomorrow.

:14:35.:14:37.

A court in Egypt has sentenced to death 528 supporters of ousted

:14:38.:14:41.

Islamist President Mohamed Morsi in a case which only began two days ago

:14:42.:14:45.

and which centred on the killing of a single police officer. The Muslim

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Brotherhood's spokesman in London told the BBC the sentences show that

:14:51.:14:55.

Egypt is now a dictatorship. It's expected the defendants will appeal.

:14:56.:15:07.

Here in Carol, there has been an angry reaction from human rights

:15:08.:15:10.

campaigners. One said of the judiciary has become a tool for

:15:11.:15:14.

taking revenge. Another said the verdict was a scandal and a disaster

:15:15.:15:20.

for Egypt. In the southern province outside the courthouse, some

:15:21.:15:23.

relatives were screaming and shouting after the verdict,

:15:24.:15:27.

protesting against the decision. One said the judge had not listened to

:15:28.:15:32.

the lawyers, the accused or the witnesses before reaching a verdict.

:15:33.:15:38.

A spokesman for the band Muslim Brotherhood said the ruling had come

:15:39.:15:42.

from a kangaroo court. We are expecting an appeal in this case and

:15:43.:15:47.

several legal experts are addicting a retrial. This was a case involving

:15:48.:15:51.

the death of one police officer and more than 520 defendants were

:15:52.:15:57.

sentenced to death at breathtaking speed. The case opened on Saturday

:15:58.:16:01.

and at first hearing was quickly adjourned and the verdict came today

:16:02.:16:04.

in what was only the second session of the case. The judgement has been

:16:05.:16:18.

passed and the sentences can be rejected or accepted. While death

:16:19.:16:23.

sentences have been handed down regularly in Egypt, in recent years,

:16:24.:16:28.

few have been carried out. We are expecting another hearing tomorrow,

:16:29.:16:33.

another mass trial of a large group of Brotherhood defendants and are

:16:34.:16:36.

expected in the dark, facing charges.

:16:37.:16:39.

I'm joined now by a webcam from Cairo by Dr Hisham Hellyer. He is an

:16:40.:16:43.

associate fellow of the Royal United Services Institute. How unusual is

:16:44.:16:50.

it to hand out so many death sentences so quickly? It is

:16:51.:16:55.

incredibly unusual, there is no precedent in this in any judiciary

:16:56.:17:01.

around the world. The fact that so many people were on trial at the

:17:02.:17:04.

same time, the fact that the case went through so quickly, the fact

:17:05.:17:11.

that so many of them were not even in the court, let alone having their

:17:12.:17:15.

lawyers listening will stop many will appeal but I want it to you,

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one could from a human rights group that accused the judges of handing

:17:27.:17:29.

down political revenge. Is that fair? It could very well be. We will

:17:30.:17:35.

have two wait and see what will happen with the next hearing. There

:17:36.:17:40.

will be an appeal, that is scheduled for the end of April. I am cautious

:17:41.:17:44.

about talking about political motivations for the case and the

:17:45.:17:53.

verdict. It implies there is some singular line whereas in reality,

:17:54.:17:56.

what we have seen over the last couple of months is that

:17:57.:18:00.

institutions within the state are not as organised as that. I am sure

:18:01.:18:05.

there are parts of the state that would prefer not to see these sorts

:18:06.:18:08.

of cases go forward and others that are happy to drum the war drums in

:18:09.:18:18.

the context of this war on terror. The statement not be acting with one

:18:19.:18:23.

voice but three years on from the overthrow of President Mubarak, do

:18:24.:18:27.

you have the sense of political ties in Egypt coming full circle? Full

:18:28.:18:34.

circle may be simplistic in that you do have forces that are linked to

:18:35.:18:43.

the former regime in certain parts of the state. New forces ticking

:18:44.:18:51.

over instead. This is not as simple or correct to say the regime has

:18:52.:18:55.

been reinvented. There is something new that has been fought. It is not

:18:56.:19:01.

quite the same and you will see different calculation is over the

:19:02.:19:05.

coming months and different fighter taking place between different parts

:19:06.:19:09.

of that new regime as it begins to form but it is a different regime.

:19:10.:19:15.

Tell us about the reaction within Egypt to these 528 death sentences

:19:16.:19:23.

being passed down. A lot of talk? Not that much talk, to be honest.

:19:24.:19:29.

You do see the human rights organisations coming out against it

:19:30.:19:32.

and rightly so on the basis of everything that has happened. The

:19:33.:19:37.

public reaction thus far has not been as strong as people might

:19:38.:19:40.

think, keeping in mind that at the moment, there is this presentation

:19:41.:19:47.

of a war on terror throughout the media in Egypt and many people do

:19:48.:19:51.

believe that and as a result, they are willing to allow the state to

:19:52.:19:56.

get away with quite a lot in pursuance of that goal of defeating

:19:57.:20:04.

terrorism. . Ukraine has ordered the withdrawal

:20:05.:20:08.

of its forces from Crimea after the third attack on a military base by

:20:09.:20:11.

Russian troops in 48 hours, although it appears many of those forces may

:20:12.:20:15.

have defected already. As for the international response, leaders of

:20:16.:20:18.

what is now the G-7 group of industrialised nations are meeting

:20:19.:20:22.

in the Netherlands. President Obama has said Europe and the US are

:20:23.:20:26.

united in imposing a cost for Russia's actions.

:20:27.:20:34.

In the Crimea, every Ukrainian military base is now under Russian

:20:35.:20:40.

control. Many of the Ukrainian soldiers without their uniforms are

:20:41.:20:43.

being pulled out of the region took an resistance has ended. In Moscow,

:20:44.:20:53.

in the parliament, the flags of Crimea and Sebastopol were added to

:20:54.:20:57.

the flags of Russiapos-mac regions. Images intended to demonstrate that

:20:58.:21:00.

from the Russian perspective, Crimeapos-mac future has been

:21:01.:21:06.

settled. In the Netherlands, President Obama arrived for a summit

:21:07.:21:09.

on nuclear security but it was completely overshadowed by the

:21:10.:21:13.

crisis in Ukraine. The American president who was shown in restored

:21:14.:21:18.

museum for Dutch Masters was determined to keep pressure on

:21:19.:21:23.

Russia and the signal it could not expect a place at the worldpos-mac

:21:24.:21:27.

top table for the time being. Europe and America are united in our

:21:28.:21:33.

support of the Ukrainian government and the Ukrainian people. We are

:21:34.:21:37.

united in imposing a cost on Russia for its actions so far. As the

:21:38.:21:43.

motorcade swept into the Hague, President Putin was not among them.

:21:44.:21:47.

The leaders of the worlds most powerful economies, the G8, were

:21:48.:21:53.

said to discuss what to do Russia. It is now time to exclude Russia

:21:54.:21:59.

from the G8 and make it a G7? There is not going to be a G8 summit this

:22:00.:22:03.

year in Russia, that is absolutely clear. We will meet tonight, the

:22:04.:22:07.

seven other countries, to determine the way forward but frankly, it is

:22:08.:22:12.

Russia that needs to change course. The White House indicated that

:22:13.:22:15.

Russia would not be formally kicked out of the grip of it. More a cold

:22:16.:22:23.

shoulder. The President Obama a thriving here, the primary -- the

:22:24.:22:28.

priority is to demonstrate how isolated Russia is within the

:22:29.:22:32.

international community and also to try and show that the United States

:22:33.:22:36.

and Europe are united when it comes to dealing with Russia over the

:22:37.:22:42.

crisis in Ukraine. On the sidelines of this meeting there was one more

:22:43.:22:47.

positive sign, there are reports the Russian foreign minister is expected

:22:48.:22:50.

to meet his Ukrainian counterpart for the first time.

:22:51.:22:58.

The French Prime Minister has urged voters to back whichever candidate

:22:59.:23:01.

is best placed to beat the far right front National in the second round

:23:02.:23:05.

of Francepos-mac Ochil elections on Sunday. The party led by Marine Le

:23:06.:23:12.

Penn said better-than-expected in the first round, winning an outright

:23:13.:23:15.

majority in the northern former coal-mining town of Helen Beaumont.

:23:16.:23:19.

It led the polls in some southern cities as well.

:23:20.:23:22.

The jury at the Oscar Pistorius murder trial has been told about

:23:23.:23:25.

text messages exchanged between the athlete and his girlfriend Reeva

:23:26.:23:29.

Steenkamp. In one message she tells him, I am scared of you sometimes.

:23:30.:23:35.

Oscar Pistorius admits shooting Ms Steenkamp on Valentine's Day last

:23:36.:23:39.

year but says he mistook her for an intruder.

:23:40.:23:48.

A bruising day ahead for Oscar Pistorius, the athletepos-mac

:23:49.:23:51.

relationship with Reeva Steenkamp under scrutiny for the first time.

:23:52.:23:56.

Prosecution revealing evidence from a couple mobile phones. In

:23:57.:24:04.

particular, a series of bitter text messages. I know you are not happy

:24:05.:24:13.

and I am very sad. In public, they were South Africapos-mac new

:24:14.:24:19.

glamorous couple but today we heard evidence of public fights and

:24:20.:24:22.

private tears in the weeks before Reeva Steenkamppos-mac death. I do

:24:23.:24:25.

everything to make you happy, she wrote.

:24:26.:24:40.

Oscar Pistorius appeared to weep and there was worse to come. Reeva

:24:41.:24:46.

Steenkamp saying she felt threatened. I am scared by you

:24:47.:24:52.

sometimes and how you will react to me. The police expert acknowledged

:24:53.:24:57.

that 90% of the messages between the couple were nothing but the damage

:24:58.:25:00.

had already been done. In court today, Oscar Pistorius was revealed

:25:01.:25:05.

as a jealous and at times domineering boyfriend. That does not

:25:06.:25:11.

prove he killed Reeva Steenkamp deliberately but the athlete has his

:25:12.:25:16.

work cut out as he prepares to take to the witness stand himself perhaps

:25:17.:25:24.

later this week. Malaysia's Prime Minister, Najib

:25:25.:25:26.

Razak, says the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 crashed in the

:25:27.:25:30.

southern Indian Ocean. Mr Razak said satellite data showed the aircraft

:25:31.:25:34.

had ended its journey in the remote seas west of Australia, far from any

:25:35.:25:40.

possible landing site. He appealed to the media to respect the privacy

:25:41.:25:43.

of the families of the 239 passengers and crew. Most of the

:25:44.:25:48.

people on board were Chinese. Officials in Beijing have demanded

:25:49.:25:50.

Malaysia provide all evidence and information about the incident. The

:25:51.:25:56.

plane vanished from radar screens more than two weeks ago. A fleet of

:25:57.:26:01.

ships and aircraft are investigating a flurry of sightings of possible

:26:02.:26:15.

wreckage. If you are following this story, you

:26:16.:26:20.

can find more background on the complexity for the hunt for MH370 on

:26:21.:26:25.

our website. You can look at the latest, the search, the high-tech

:26:26.:26:28.

methods that have been used in tracking it down.

:26:29.:26:33.

That's all from the programme. The weather is next. From me and the

:26:34.:26:37.

rest of the team, goodbye.

:26:38.:26:41.

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