31/03/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC world news Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. The latest


international report on climate change warns that unless serious


action is taken, global warming will get worse and constitute a greater


threat to humankind. More food shortage and floods. Is it another


apocalypse now scenario or is there a glimmer of hope? The world has to


adapt and the world has to mitigate and the sooner we do that the less


the chances of some of the worst impacts of the climate change.


President Francois Hollande of France tries to rejuvenate the


Government after the socialist poor showing in elections. A new Prime


Minister and a new Cabinet is being announced. Also coming up - widening


the scope for child cruelty prosecutions. How emotional abuse


could become a criminal offence here in the UK.


And a special report on the challenge for the Nigerian


authorities who are fighting Boko Haram as the killing campaign claims


more and more lives. Welcome. The UN Intergovernmental


Panel on Climate Change has delivered it's first report in seven


years on global warming. The report complied by more than 300 experts


from 70 countries says there's an increased risk of floods and food


shortages, but it says some of the impact can be offset through


adaptation. These are the key findings - it warns that the impact


of climate change are likely to be severe, pervasive and irreversible.


The report suggests rising global temperatures that are likely to


cause a higher risk of flooding, more extreme weather like heatwaves,


as well as changes to crop yields, causing food shortages. Scientists


behind the report conclude that people may be able to adapt to some


of the changes, but only within limits. Sceptics have accused the


report's authors are being too alarmist.


A consignment of animal feed from South American. Brought ashore in


Belfast Harbour. The food industry is now so global and so dependent on


international trade that if crops are struggling in one part of the


world, the impacts will be felt in another. So, how the climate changes


in countries very distant from our own can have serious implications.


This is soya from Brazil, where they've just had a heatwave. So the


prices have gone up. Because this stuff is used for chicken feed, the


prices of chicken will also rise. What the UN panel is saying is that


while some plants in some regions may do better with climate change,


overall, the yields are likely to go down. The scientists say the most


severe impacts like this record drought in Texas two years ago are


more likely if temperatures rise steeply during the course of the


century. They want the world to start adapting to a changing


climate. At the launch of the report in Japan this morning, there was a


warning of the need for urgent action. The one message that comes


out very clearly is that the world has to adapt and the world has to


mitigate. The sooner we do that, the less the chances of some of the


worst impacts of the climate change being faced in different parts of


the world. The report says that climate change is now being felt


across the continents and the oceans. Warming the Arctic and as we


have been reporting in recent years, melting the ice which raises the


level of the sea. There's also change in the oceans. The waters


becoming more acidic and the BBC was in applicant knew Guinea this week


to report on the threats to coral. We filmed these scenes in Bangladesh


five years ago. A struggle to cope with extreme conditions. The most


vulnerable, the report says, are the poorest cities. Within the slum


areas they do not have the proper facilities. Then you add on the


impact of climate change or extreme events and people become more


vulnerable. The report does offer a message of hope that just as the


Dutch build new defences against the rising sea, people can adapt to a


changing climate. The question is how serious the impact will be. And


one scientists withdrew his name from the report because he said it


was going too far. People live on the equator and at the Poles so


humans are very, very adaptive to very diverse climates. We have


well-developed technology to deal with that. There will be impacts,


but I don't think it will be dramatic. Here, the chief Government


scientist says climb change will mean more intense rain and flooding


in line with what is expected for us. Global warming will mean


different things to different parts of the world, but according to the


new report, we will all be affected. I've been joined by Professor Samuel


Fankhauser, co-director of the Grantham Research Institute. He's a


member of the UK committee on climate change, an independent body


that advises the Government and he's had a little bit of impact into the


IPPC report. Is this a council of despair? We have had one of the


report's authors saying look this is all a bit depressing and too


pessimistic? Well, there's a lot of information in that report to be


alarmed about, but I don't think it's alarmist. The scientists we


heard, there were over 300 of them, who produced this report, are quite


clear in their message. They are measured and it's evidence-based and


they're careful, but what they say is quite important, yes. Sure. You


don't want people to throw their hands up in despair and say,


"Goodness, it's so awful, there's nothing we can do about it." There's


a number of things we can do and have to do now. Two things


particularly, as we heard from the report. First, to adapt to climate


change that is already locked in. What we will experience over the


next 20 years is the product of past emissions. That's locked in. We have


to adapt to it. We can't change it. What we can change is the climate we


will have beyond those 20 years and what we have to do there and


urgently is to start reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It's the


mitigation that worries people, because it comes with a very high


price tag. It requires people to have a radical change in their live


styles, use leg fossil fuel, trying to convert renewable energy and that


comes with a heft by price tag that the governments say they can't


afford. A lot of governments are taking action and they're


recognising that it does cost something, but the price tag isn't


actually very high. Certainly not if you compare it with the cost of


reducing emissions with the risks of climate change if we don't do


anything. We know what we have to do. We know how one can take fossil


fuels out of the energy sector and we have ideas about energy


efficiency. If developing countries, we know how one can stop


deforestation, so we have a plan, a blueprint. If you can adapt to the


impact of climate change that has already made itself felt, why can't


you also adapt to any future changes in climate change? Adaptation and


mitigation are not alternatives. We have to do both. We have to do it


over the next 20 or so years, to adapt to relatively moderate climate


change, say up to two degrees. Why isn't that enough in itself and just


go for an adaptation policy rather than mitigation andious say, "Human


beings are resourceful and resilient." We have been adapting to


different climates for centuries? Humans are capable of living in many


climates, but as a species we have never experienced the sort of change


we have had unless we mitigate. We have will have maybe five degrees of


warming by the end of the century and it's not something we have seen


for hundreds of thousands of years. It's not something we as a people


have ever experienced so we do not know whether we can actually


adeposit to that. In a nutshell, 25 seconds, sum this report up. What is


the key message? For me, it's two-fold. The first, climate change


is real. We can already see it. We can see the impacts, so we are


talking about the real phenomenon. The second message for me is, it's


going to get worse unless we start taking action now, but we can still


avoid the worst impacts from climate change. Professor Samuel Fankhauser,


thank you. President Francois Hollande from


France has just named Manuel Valls the former interior minister as the


under Prime Minister, following those dismal results he had in


Sunday's local polls. The out-going Prime Minister, Jean Marc Ayrault


resigned earlier today. The President was speaking a short time


ago at. TRANSLATION: In the last elections voting or not vote, you


expressed your anger and disappointment with us. I come here


to tell you that I have heard your message. It is clear. Not enough


change. Things going too slow. And not enough jobs. Too much


unemployment. Not enough social justice. Too many taxes. And too


many questions. That's on the capacity of the country to get out


of the crisis. That was President Francois Hollande there in that


statement. It wasn't live, by the way. In Paris is the French


political comexT Tatar -- commentator, Anne-Elizabeth Moutet.


Apart from Manuel Valls, what else? We don't really know yet. We know


who is not going to be in the Cabinet and that is the two Greens


and Hollande has muted a red/green coalition, but the housing minister


would said she would never sit in a Cabinet headed by Manuel Valls, who


she thinks is too right-wing. The coalition is finished with that


result. There might be some other members of the more left-wing parts


of the Socialist Party, who until now the President had managed to


appease and these people may not well to agree to sit under Manuel


Valls, who they see as a Nicolas Sarkozy clone. I know the


announcement is being made and you may not wish to risk your


reputation, by trying to guess who might be moved out or whatever.


We'll take some of the big names. What about finance and foreign


affairs, will they stay put? Fabouse very probably. I would not bet on


the other minister because these been lacklustre in finance. He was


in a difficult situation in which he has seven junior ministers next to


him or under him in some cases and there were so many disagreements


within the various storeys of the massive buildings in the ministry


that there was a feeling that he's not making that much of an


impression. The Budget minister was doing his own thing, but the


industrial recovery minister was really in many ways a disruptive


presence. What about fresh faces with the departure of the form First


Lady? Could we see Miss Royale? He name has been linked to the


education portfolio. The President's former partner, need I remind


anybody? Well, that's certainly more likely than the minister from


culture, but yes it is possible. The President has said for some time he


had to do something about it and she is very much wanting to be a


minister. It's possible she has popularity. She was a presidential


candidate seven years ago. There's no reason why she shouldn't be in


the inner Cabinet. She is his former partner, but she has political


legitimacy. Anne-Elizabeth Moutet, thank you.


Manuel Valls is the new Prime Minister in France. The Cabinet


reshuffle is on-going. Meanwhile, in the local elections in Turkey, the


governing party has won a convincing victory. It won just under half of


the votes, almost 20% more than the main opposition party. And this has


given a boost to the Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has


endured months of protests against his rule and allegations of


corruption. The party retained control of the country's two biggest


cities, Ankara and Instanbul. He welcomed the outcome saying his


rivals would now pay a price for challenging his authority.


Now, new inquests have begun into the deaths of 96 Liverpool fans who


were killed in the Hillsborough disaster 25 years ago here in


England. The original verdicts of accidental death were overturned at


the High Court in London in 2012, after a campaign by the victims'


families. Our reporter, Judith Moritz reports.


They lost their loved ones. They came to court to find out what


happened. These families have spent years campaigning. They know the


months ahead will not be easy. I think there will be quite a few


shocks as we progress over the next 12 months, maybe. The truth will


out. You can't underestimate how difficult it will be for everybody.


We can do is do our best and in the judge. Sheffield Wednesday's Stadium


has long been associated with the disaster which happened here. It is


where Liverpool came to play an FA Cup semifinal in 1989, and whether


terraces became so overcrowded that 96 people eventually lost their


lives. What happened here nearly 25 years ago has defined the lives of


many people, most directly, Deborah Reeve and survivors, but arguably


across the Pennines, in Liverpool, the entire reputation of the city


has been affected -- directly, the bereaved. This woman spoke about her


brother, who died at Hillsborough. Donna came to court again today. It


is something we have got to go through, the evidence, as hard as it


is, we have to do it for the 96. They were taken from their families


needlessly. We will continue. They knew inquests are housed in a


purpose-built courtroom. The hearing will cover areas including cause of


death, crowd management and the response of the emergency services.


There is thousands and thousands of pages of documents, hundreds of


witnesses coming and hours and hours of footage that has never been seen


before. All the work that has gone into this is huge. The youngest to


die at Hillsborough was ten, the oldest, 67. Worst murder under the


age of 30 -- most were under the age of 30.


Here, the Government is considering a new offence of emotional cruelty


to children. If a change of the law is introduced, it will mean children


will have the same protection against this as they do against


physical abuse. The proposal would make it a criminal offence to


inflict emotional or mental suffering on a child in cases where


there's evidence of significant harm. It's understood the new law


could come into force before the general election next year. Joining


me now from Westminster is the former UK Children's Minister and


Conservative MP Tim Loughton. Many would say, isn't this already on the


books, this kind of law? Emotional abuse is physically very


detrimental, sometimes very easy to identify, why isn't it already a


criminal offence? The law on child neglect goes back to 1933. We have


good laws on dealing with children who are abused physically, we have


good laws on dealing with children who are victims of sexual


exploitation, and those have been getting better, but still, an awful


lot of children are subject to neglect through emotional abuse. The


traumatic conditions it can bring about and the mental health problems


it can bring about a considerable. Too many social workers are saying


they would like to be able to intervene but under the current


rather have to wait until the condition is much more serious. Give


it a quick idea of what you might mean by a serious case of emotional


abuse. We're not talking about parents bellowing at their children


in Tesco's. This is sustained neglect of children, caused by


neglecting their health, caused by emotional neglect as well, and


clearly not forming a proper attachment with their child. What we


know is parents who don't form an emotional attachment with their


child at an early stage and neglect their children, those children are


likely to have attachment dysfunction with mental health


problems later in life. We need to be careful here between what is poor


parenting and what is clearly abusive or deliberately neglectful


parenting. That is what I was going to ask. Well parenting could mean a


parent with holding cuddles from a child, not putting a child, not


telling a child that the paradoxes, and the child could say -- not


telling a child that the parent looks it, and the child could say


they had problems. Is that emotional abuse? You have to be able to prove


a pattern of sustained and deliberate abuse. We should not


underestimate the mental health implications on children who are


neglected. Over 60% of serious case reviews into children who have been


abused, injured or even killed attribute neglect as a common


factor. The fact is, we are doing better than we were at intervening


to protect one double children, but we have to do a lot better. Social


workers and others are telling is that under the current law, they are


not able to intervene until the situation has got far more serious.


That can't be the right thing. Thank you very much for talking to others.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


The Ebola outbreak in Guinea has been called an unprecedented


epidemic by the aid organisation Medecins Sans Frontieres. Health


authorities in the West African nation say at least 78 people have


died after contracting the virus. Neighbouring Liberia has confirmed


two cases, including one death. A court in Pakistan has charged the


former president, Pervez Musharraf, with high treason for imposing


emergency rule and violating the constitution in 2007. Mr Musharraf


pleaded not guilty and claims the charges against him are politically


motivated. He could face the death penalty if convicted.


A US government website where people sign up for health insurance under


President Obama's affordable health care act was briefly out of service


on Monday just hours before a midnight enrolment deadline. More


than six million Americans have signed up for the various plans,


with a large increase in the number of people taking out policies in the


past month. Russian media say some military


forces are being pulled back from the country's border with Ukraine.


Reports suggested several hundred troops are withdrawing. The United


States says up to 40,000 have been stationed on the border. Earlier,


Ukraine condemned a visit to Crimea by the Russian Prime Minister,


Dmitry Medvedev.The peninsula was recently annexed by Russia. Mr


Medvedev said Russia would make Crimea a special economic zone, with


tax breaks to attract investors. The BBC's David Stern is in Kiev.


David, what do you make of these new developments in the race for


president? It is a bit of a mixed bag. The German foreign minister


said it was a small signal of lessening intentions. At the same


time, you have this visit by the Prime Minister to Crimea. There are


still quite a few troops, estimated tens of thousands, on the Ukrainian


border with Russia. That is still a very tense situation. There is also


the ongoing dispute over Crimea, the Americans calling it the


annexation, illegal and illegitimate. The Russians are going


ahead with their plans after a number of economic enticements,


including raising pensions and salaries. This has been a very mixed


development on both fronts today. Thank you, David.


Amnesty International says at least 1,500 people have been killed in


northern Nigeria this year alone as the Islamist group Boko Haram


carries out a campaign of attacks against civilian and military


targets. Boko Haram recently launched am audacious attack on the


main barracks in the city of Maiduguri - freeing many suspected


militants kept inside. Will Ross reports on the challenge of fighting


Boko Haram. Islamist militants on the move in


North East Nigeria. This rare footage of the group Boko Haram. The


insurgents filmed this themselves. The target, the main military


barracks. There was a firefight with the Nigerian army, and Boko Haram


managed to breach the barracks. They burst open the cells and set many


suspected Islamist militants free. That's where the Boko Haram video


ends. The Nigerian military says the attack was successfully repelled,


and many of the retreating Islamist fighters were killed by the air


force and by ground troops. Vigilante groups killed many of


those who escaped from cells. We will never know exactly how many


people died that day. Some hospital sources said they received about 100


bodies. Others said more than 500 people died. Their elusive leader


celebrated the raid and pledged more violence. These mountains are close


to the border with Cameroon. This footage was taken a few years ago,


but these days, Boko Haram fighters have set up base in parts of this


mountain range. I met a cattle herder who recently fled the area


due to the insecurity there. He says last year, he offered to guide the


Nigerian army to Boko Haram hideouts in the mountains. TRANSLATION: As


soon as we began climbing up, Boko Haram started firing down at us.


They regrouped, but he says a local chief ensured that the Islamist


militants were in a mission to thwart the operation. TRANSLATION:


The soldiers all met in a village, and then suddenly, a civilian


defence force came to join us. But I could see there were Boko Haram


members among them. I pointed it out to the soldiers.


How do you know there were Boko Haram? TRANSLATION: We all live in


the same area. I know their faces. I grew up with them. My younger


brother is even a Boko Haram commander. To stop these attacks,


the Army will have to flush the Islamist militants out of the


mountain hideouts. With Boko Haram members enmeshed in communities


across North East Nigeria, winning this war is a daunting task.


A reminder of our main news: The UN intergovernmental panel on climate


change, the IPCC, has delivered its first report in seven years on


global warming. But it does say that some of the


impact can be offset through adaptation. Goodbye from me and the


team. Monday for most of those was a fine,


settled day with some good spells of sunshine. Towards Tuesday morning,


this weather front continues, bringing outbreaks of rain and even


some thunderstorms. Tomorrow starts off rather damp and cloudy. They




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