01/04/2014 World News Today


01/04/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

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NATO orders an end to ALL practical cooperation with Russia

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NATO's chief says there is "strong solidarity" against any

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threat of aggression to the alliance, and warns that up to

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40,000 Russian troops are still massed near Ukraine's

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Russia's aggression against Ukraine is the greatest threat to European

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security in a generation. Riot police in Turkey fire

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water cannon at demonstrators on The unlikely pairing

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of a film star and a foreign Forget five a day - you need seven

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portions of fresh fruit and veg to live a longer, healthier life -

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we'll digest the new research. One of the pioneers of house

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music, Frankie Knuckles, has died In the past hour, the NATO Secretary

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General has said the alliance will suspend "all practical civilian

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and military cooperation" with Russia, because of Moscow's decision

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to take over Crimea from Ukraine. It's the first time that foreign

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ministers from the 28-member NATO They've also agreed today to

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intensify defence cooperation with Ukraine, a move that's likely

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to further anger President Putin. More now on a day that's been

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described In NATO, something has changed in

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the wake of Russia's continuing threat to eastern Ukraine. There is

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a new urgency to NATO deliberations. Russia's aggression against Ukraine

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is the greatest threat to European security in a generation. And it

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challenges our vision of a Europe free and at peace. This was the

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first foreign ministers' meeting since the crisis in Ukraine. To

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reassure jittery nerves, the members of NATO are considering boosting

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deterrents, carrying out more surveillance exercises and appeared

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-- possibly opening new military bases. Thousands of National Guard

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troops in Ukraine are soon to finish training. Even more significant is

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the approval by Parliament in Kiev to hold joint military exercises

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with NATO countries. That could put US troops close to Russian forces in

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Crimea. Meanwhile, Russia is warning Ukraine against any intervention

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with NATO. Hopes of a de-escalation of the crisis were raised as there

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was a port of Russian troops pulling back from Ukraine's border but there

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is scepticism in the West that any withdrawal is under way. I cannot

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confirm that Russia is withdrawing its troops. This is not what we are

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seeing. And this massive military build-up can in no way contribute to

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a de-escalation of the situation. Another hurdle for you NATO members,

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can they persuade Russia and Ukraine to engage in direct to engineer a

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diplomatic solution? We can go live now to Brussels,

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and speak to Jonathan Marcus. Tell us more about the reassessment

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of military deployments in eastern Europe. We do not have any of the

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details yet. This is something that NATO's military staff and planners

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will be looking at, but clearly a number of things will be in the

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frame. Perhaps enhanced exercises in Eastern and central Europe,

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countries like the Baltics and Poland who feel most concerned.

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Possibly new military deployments and also a wholescale review of NATO

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military contingency plan, to ensure all the things needed are in place

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to respond quickly in place to respond quickly it this in the

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future. And if NATO is looking... That is something that President

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Putin is going to be annoyed by, to say the least. That is not going to

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go down well in Moscow. It is not clear yet exactly what NATO has in

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mind. It has been involved already in a whole set of things, helping to

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democratise the structures in the Ukraine, ensuring that the military

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is under control of civilian authorities. NATO wants to help

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Ukraine defend its own territory and that will sound alarm bells in

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Moscow. It is not clear yet exactly what kind of things NATO has in

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mind. Riot police in Turkey have fired

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water cannon at demonstrators on The people were calling

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for a recount of some of the results in Sunday's local elections,

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in which the governing AK party of Prime Minister Recep Tayip Erdogan

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increased its share of the vote despite months of protests

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and allegations Our correspondent James Reynolds

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joins us now from Istanbul. Tell us more about the trouble

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today. There were several hundred people gathered outside the

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headquarters of the election body to say there had been irregularities or

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manipulations in the poll and essentially they wanted the body to

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take their complaints seriously. We understand more than 8000 complaints

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have been registered. That is a dramatic increase on previous years.

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Police met protesters with water cannon and tried to disperse them.

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Most protesters were from the opposition People's Party. The

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supporters believe they were robbed. And yet with the figures seem to

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show that they are in a minority, that the Prime Minister does have a

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strong following particularly outside the main cities? The early

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results we have got suggest that Recep Tayyip Erdogan's party has

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around 45% of the vote and that the opposition party has in the late

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20th percentage of the vote, probably because the People's Party,

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a secular party, as a hard time getting a stronghold, particularly

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in the East. People do not doubt that it is way behind the KK Party

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of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, but they doubt the validity of the election

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results. Briefly, let us know the latest on social media and

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censorship in Turkey. The networks still down? YouTube is still down,

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and Twitter. That is the official line but people are technologically

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savvy enough to get onto those websites on their own and find a way

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round, if they know what to do. France's new Prime Minister, Manuel

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Valls, has taken over from the outgoing Jean-Marc Ayrault,

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following a drubbing in Sunday's local elections for the governing

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Socialists. Mr Valls, the tough-talking former

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Interior Minister and the most popular member of an unpopular

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government, faces an uphill task. He's known to favour economic

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liberalism and a firm stance on law and order, and is somewhat

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distrusted by the left wing of his own party. The full line-up of the

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new government should be announced They make an unlikely pair, British

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Foreign Secretary William Hague and Hollywood star Angelina Jolie, but

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they have teamed up in Osney to tackle the issue of sexual violence

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in war zones. -- in Bosnia. Many civilians were raped in the war in

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Bosnia in the 1990s and many have never felt able to speak about it.

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Only a few cases have been successfully prosecuted. Our

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reporter travelled to Bosnia with them.

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It is a landscape that 20 years ago was being ravaged by war. Close to

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100,000 people died in the Bosnian conflict, a conflict that also saw

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rape used as a powerful weapon. Amid all the horrors of Bosnia, one name

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stands out. This is where 8000 men and boys were murdered. 20,000... B

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Foreign Secretary and Angelina surely came here as part of their

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campaign against sexual violence in conflict once. It began two years

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ago after William Hague saw a film she had made about Bosnia. In three

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years of war, between 20 and 15,000 -- 50,000 women were raped here.

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Even today you are willing to speak openly. The people who raped you,

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have they ever been brought to justice?

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Adina tells me her attackers are still free. She has even found them

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on social media. Many women have died, she says, without seeing

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justice. It is that legacy of the conflict that ties into the

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initiative Angelina Shirley and William Hague have been working on,

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trying to raise awareness of the devastating enduring effect of

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