01/04/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


NATO orders an end to ALL practical cooperation with Russia


NATO's chief says there is "strong solidarity" against any


threat of aggression to the alliance, and warns that up to


40,000 Russian troops are still massed near Ukraine's


Russia's aggression against Ukraine is the greatest threat to European


security in a generation. Riot police in Turkey fire


water cannon at demonstrators on The unlikely pairing


of a film star and a foreign Forget five a day - you need seven


portions of fresh fruit and veg to live a longer, healthier life -


we'll digest the new research. One of the pioneers of house


music, Frankie Knuckles, has died In the past hour, the NATO Secretary


General has said the alliance will suspend "all practical civilian


and military cooperation" with Russia, because of Moscow's decision


to take over Crimea from Ukraine. It's the first time that foreign


ministers from the 28-member NATO They've also agreed today to


intensify defence cooperation with Ukraine, a move that's likely


to further anger President Putin. More now on a day that's been


described In NATO, something has changed in


the wake of Russia's continuing threat to eastern Ukraine. There is


a new urgency to NATO deliberations. Russia's aggression against Ukraine


is the greatest threat to European security in a generation. And it


challenges our vision of a Europe free and at peace. This was the


first foreign ministers' meeting since the crisis in Ukraine. To


reassure jittery nerves, the members of NATO are considering boosting


deterrents, carrying out more surveillance exercises and appeared


-- possibly opening new military bases. Thousands of National Guard


troops in Ukraine are soon to finish training. Even more significant is


the approval by Parliament in Kiev to hold joint military exercises


with NATO countries. That could put US troops close to Russian forces in


Crimea. Meanwhile, Russia is warning Ukraine against any intervention


with NATO. Hopes of a de-escalation of the crisis were raised as there


was a port of Russian troops pulling back from Ukraine's border but there


is scepticism in the West that any withdrawal is under way. I cannot


confirm that Russia is withdrawing its troops. This is not what we are


seeing. And this massive military build-up can in no way contribute to


a de-escalation of the situation. Another hurdle for you NATO members,


can they persuade Russia and Ukraine to engage in direct to engineer a


diplomatic solution? We can go live now to Brussels,


and speak to Jonathan Marcus. Tell us more about the reassessment


of military deployments in eastern Europe. We do not have any of the


details yet. This is something that NATO's military staff and planners


will be looking at, but clearly a number of things will be in the


frame. Perhaps enhanced exercises in Eastern and central Europe,


countries like the Baltics and Poland who feel most concerned.


Possibly new military deployments and also a wholescale review of NATO


military contingency plan, to ensure all the things needed are in place


to respond quickly in place to respond quickly it this in the


future. And if NATO is looking... That is something that President


Putin is going to be annoyed by, to say the least. That is not going to


go down well in Moscow. It is not clear yet exactly what NATO has in


mind. It has been involved already in a whole set of things, helping to


democratise the structures in the Ukraine, ensuring that the military


is under control of civilian authorities. NATO wants to help


Ukraine defend its own territory and that will sound alarm bells in


Moscow. It is not clear yet exactly what kind of things NATO has in


mind. Riot police in Turkey have fired


water cannon at demonstrators on The people were calling


for a recount of some of the results in Sunday's local elections,


in which the governing AK party of Prime Minister Recep Tayip Erdogan


increased its share of the vote despite months of protests


and allegations Our correspondent James Reynolds


joins us now from Istanbul. Tell us more about the trouble


today. There were several hundred people gathered outside the


headquarters of the election body to say there had been irregularities or


manipulations in the poll and essentially they wanted the body to


take their complaints seriously. We understand more than 8000 complaints


have been registered. That is a dramatic increase on previous years.


Police met protesters with water cannon and tried to disperse them.


Most protesters were from the opposition People's Party. The


supporters believe they were robbed. And yet with the figures seem to


show that they are in a minority, that the Prime Minister does have a


strong following particularly outside the main cities? The early


results we have got suggest that Recep Tayyip Erdogan's party has


around 45% of the vote and that the opposition party has in the late


20th percentage of the vote, probably because the People's Party,


a secular party, as a hard time getting a stronghold, particularly


in the East. People do not doubt that it is way behind the KK Party


of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, but they doubt the validity of the election


results. Briefly, let us know the latest on social media and


censorship in Turkey. The networks still down? YouTube is still down,


and Twitter. That is the official line but people are technologically


savvy enough to get onto those websites on their own and find a way


round, if they know what to do. France's new Prime Minister, Manuel


Valls, has taken over from the outgoing Jean-Marc Ayrault,


following a drubbing in Sunday's local elections for the governing


Socialists. Mr Valls, the tough-talking former


Interior Minister and the most popular member of an unpopular


government, faces an uphill task. He's known to favour economic


liberalism and a firm stance on law and order, and is somewhat


distrusted by the left wing of his own party. The full line-up of the


new government should be announced They make an unlikely pair, British


Foreign Secretary William Hague and Hollywood star Angelina Jolie, but


they have teamed up in Osney to tackle the issue of sexual violence


in war zones. -- in Bosnia. Many civilians were raped in the war in


Bosnia in the 1990s and many have never felt able to speak about it.


Only a few cases have been successfully prosecuted. Our


reporter travelled to Bosnia with them.


It is a landscape that 20 years ago was being ravaged by war. Close to


100,000 people died in the Bosnian conflict, a conflict that also saw


rape used as a powerful weapon. Amid all the horrors of Bosnia, one name


stands out. This is where 8000 men and boys were murdered. 20,000... B


Foreign Secretary and Angelina surely came here as part of their


campaign against sexual violence in conflict once. It began two years


ago after William Hague saw a film she had made about Bosnia. In three


years of war, between 20 and 15,000 -- 50,000 women were raped here.


Even today you are willing to speak openly. The people who raped you,


have they ever been brought to justice?


Adina tells me her attackers are still free. She has even found them


on social media. Many women have died, she says, without seeing


justice. It is that legacy of the conflict that ties into the


initiative Angelina Shirley and William Hague have been working on,


trying to raise awareness of the devastating enduring effect of


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