02/04/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.


Parts of Chile are declared "disaster areas" after an 8.2


magnitude earthquake. Six people are dead, tens of thousands have been


evacuated, and dozens of aftershocks felt.


Manuel Valls, the new French prime minister unveils his cabinet. It


includes a comeback for Segolene Royal, former partner of President


Hollande, who ran for the top job herself a few years ago.


Also coming up: One of Afghanistan's former warlords has given a rare


interview to the BBC, saying he hopes the upcoming elections are


followed by a "lawful transfer of power".


The future of Britain, in or out of Europe, is being argued in a BBC


political debate right now. We will keep you up to date.


And two masterpieces of French art are recovered by police in Italy,


four decades after they vanished in London.


Hello and welcome. Chile says the northern regions hit


by a magnitude 8.2 earthquake overnight are 'disaster areas'. At


least six people are known to have died. Tens of thousands were


evacuated in the face of tsunami warnings, which were triggered as


far away as Hawaii. And as the area near the mining town of Iquique


suffered dozens of aftershocks, police set about the task of


recapturing 300 women prisoners who'd escaped. Emily Buchanan


reports. Ten to nine in the evening,


last-minute shopping before dinner. And then suddenly the terrifying


tremors. The ground shook as people ran out of this supermarket. The


shells shaking so violently, goods were just thrown onto the floor. --


shelves. Nearby in the city of Iquique, the


moment of the quake. One woman could only pray as her house shook


precariously. Outside you can hear the sound of walls and windows


breaking and then the lights went out. The pitch darkness in this


district was broken only by a huge fire. People were desperate to flee


the area and it cost me have in the streets. A few had been killed by


collapsing walls or heart attacks. It was very strong and it went a


long time, this woman cried. Another said, the police have told us to


leave. But it was hard to find shelter. The hospitals themselves


were being cleared of patients. The government has declared a state of


emergency, to stop looting. Around 300 inmates escaped from a women's


present. Chile's president price -- promised to protect people and their


families. Chile has escaped relatively lightly. A large tsunami


did not materialise although dangerous waves could hit countries


across the Pacific. But scientists warn of the earthquake to come.


Paula Molina is a journalist and radio presenter. Welcome. We were


hearing that there are fears that there could be more activity, more


earthquakes. I guess that is what people are topping about. Yes,


another earthquake cannot be ruled out. This is a zone where the plates


slide. There has not been a big earthquake since 1877. That is why


experts and people were expecting a big event in Iquique. That is what


happened yesterday. But they cannot say for sure that this was the big


earthquake that everyone was expecting. What are you hearing from


the scene about the damage there? It is less than 24 hours after the 8.2


earthquake. As people return to their homes, we are getting a


clearer picture of the damage caused. Six people died. Locals have


said 2000 buildings have been damaged. At least 100 roads were


lost or destroyed, according to fishermen around the city of Iquique


and other small fishing towns. Some routes remain blocked by landslides.


Many local businesses and supermarkets are still closed and


also schools are closed today. But there is an ongoing evaluation about


the situation. After the tsunami in 2010, the government was criticised


about the way reacted. How is it tried to control the situation?


There is a clear effort to respond quickly to this earthquake. The


Chilean government and whole country, I think we have learnt the


lessons from 2010. There was a tsunami warning across coastal


areas. Residents were urged to evacuate and move to higher ground.


900,000 people were evacuated according to the National emergency


office. They did it mostly in a calm effort. This mining, at 7am, ten


minutes before 2am, the government declared to northern regions as


disaster areas. According to this, military forces took charge of


public order in those areas. The government is moving fast in the


face of this emergency. Thank you very much.


The new French Prime Minister, Manuel Valls, has unveiled his new


government, bringing in Segolene Royal, the former partner of


President Francois Hollande, who also ran for president seven years


ago. She'll be the new environment minister. In the new, smaller


cabinet, eight out of the 16 ministers are women. The shake-up


follows the heavy losses followed by the governing Socialist party in


municipal elections on Sunday. Joining me from Paris is the


cultural and political commentator Agnes Poirier.


Thank you for joining us on the programme. Does this feel like a new


government to you? Well, not much, actually. We are quite underwhelmed


here in Paris. On Monday evening after having lost 175 towns,


President Hollande addressed the nation and said that he was at


Manuel Valls, his former interior minister, to compose a new


government which he said was going to be a compact -- combats


government. We are expecting something different in the sense


that, today the first members of the Cabinet were announced at lunchtime.


A lot of old faces and very little new blood. What about Segolene


Royal, our people excited? Is this a comeback for her? It is interesting,


it is only the international media that are talking about Segolene


Royal. She is a very able politician from the French left and what is


uprising -- surprising was that she was not part of the former


government from 2012 when President Hollande was elected. She is welcome


addition to the government for her fans in the French left. What is odd


though that Manuel Valls belongs to the right of the left. His choice is


showing the mistakes that Hollande has made. It will be attempt to


appease the Socialist party and get all the different factions of the


Socialist party happy, which probably is not what the French at


large were expecting. Now a look at some of the day's


other news. Ukraine's ousted president, Viktor


Yanukovych had said he he was "wrong' to invite Russian troops


into Crimea. Speaking on Russian television, he added that the


region's separation from Ukraine was "a tragedy". Mr Yanukovych said he


would try to negotiate with Russia and persuade President Putin to


return Crimea to Ukraine. He also said Ukraine was falling apart.


TRANSLATION: One should try to hear and understand people. The pain and


tragedy that has happened with Crimea is a vivid example. And it is


very hard to come to terms with that. This is a graphic example of


when the population of such a huge region held a referendum in the wake


of protest sent in. And effectively ceded from Ukraine. I personally


cannot agree to this. Had I been there, I would have tried to prevent


this will stop There's been a third explosion in the Egyptian capital,


following twin blasts outside Cairo University which killed a police


brigadier general and wounded five others.


Security officials say the roadside bombs exploded minutes apart and


targeted riot police deployed outside the engineering faculty,


where it was expected students would be protesting in support of the


ousted president Mohamed Morsi. A student from Mauritius who lost


her case for asylum here in the UK is due to be returned to the Indian


Ocean island within the next two hours. The case of 19-year-old


Yashika Bageerathi has drawn national attention, and her lawyers


are trying to lodge a last-minute appeal. She had been due to start


her final school exams in six weeks. And one of the world's most famous


football clubs, Barcelona has been banned from all transfers of players


after breaking the rules on buying young footballers. Football's world


governing body, FIFA, has also fined the Spanish champions more than by


the hundred thousand dollars. It's been a day of uneasy calm in


the Kenyan city of Mombasa after a radical cleric, Abubakar Shariff


Ahmed, was shot dead outside a law court yesterday. It's still not


clear who did it. Abubakar, alias Makaburi was on UN sanctions lists,


accused of having "strong ties" with leaders of the Somali militant


group, Al Shabaab. Tomi Oladipo reports.


The signs of the killing are still fresh air. This time on Tuesday,


approaching the close of business, M Booty was walking on this stretch --


Makaburi was walking on the stretch. Gunmen opened fire, killing him


instantly. He has been the third high-profile cleric killed in less


than two years. The business owners have boarded up their shots. In this


area where the cleric was based, many where afraid to speak openly of


his killing in fear of being identified. Police are still


investigating Makaburi's killing. Some human rights groups point the


finger at security forces. This is going to make the situation worse.


It is not going to calm the situation. And every time they use


force, you can see the reaction across the country. Now the security


situation in the country is alarming, to tell you the truth. Not


only in Mombasa, but everywhere. What are your worst fears? They will


be the kind of revenge. I am afraid that this revenge will be taken


against tourists. Because that will be devastating for the economy of


this country. Tensions are also high in the capital, Nairobi. On Monday,


six people were killed when three bombs went off at the height of rush


hour. Today authorities closed the airport and the area wallowing


suspicions of a bomb. Nothing was found. It might look like business


as usual, but this is a city on the edge. People here do not know who is


the next target. Human rights groups are accusing the government of not


doing enough to investigate the killings. That can heighten the


uncertainty here. The Taliban has claimed


responsibility for a deadly explosion on the last day of


campaigning, ahead of Saturday's crucial presidential elections in


Afghanistan. Officials say at least six policemen were killed when a


suicide bomber blew himself up outside the Interior ministry


building. General Abdul Rashid Dostum, the former Afghan warlord


blamed for some of the worse atrocities in his country, has told


the BBC that he hopes for a "lawful transfer or power". He's given us a


rare interview. Our Our Kabul correspondent Karen Allen


has more. This man has helped topple the Taliban. He is worried he cannot


control this crowd. He could become the country's most powerful figure


if his running mate wins the presidential race. With elections


days away, Poyet take seems -- chaotic scenes are the scenes here.


Away from the crowds I seize the moment is weak to the general who is


already public apologised for the country's violent past. So I asked


if this was a new Dawn for Afghanistan.


TRANSLATION: We hope to see a lawful transfer of powers in these


elections. I hope we will be the ones who succeed in doing this. Will


we see a new way of doing things, if you're vice-president? No answer


just a brief goodbye. A commander when Afghanistan was controlled by


the Soviets, he switched sides years later, receiving US backing in the


fight against the Taliban. But one of the worst atrocities committed on


his watch was when thousands of Taliban prisoners penned up in


containers were killed in the north of the country. Human rights


campaigners declared it a war crime for which General Abdul Rashid


Dostum has never been held to account. The same goes for other war


Lord's, vying in these electioners -- elections, yet people still


remember. In this election, it's the question of survival. It's the


question of future of this country and the future of the stability in


this country. Therefore, people are trying to cautiously push for the


agenda. They want to make sure that nothing disrupts the election.


General Abdul Rashid Dostum may have been the only candidate which has


apologised for the past, but he could hold a powerful position in


any future government. A new generation of voters is having


to choose from faces of the past and though he was once declared a


killer, today the general brings with him valuable ethnic votes and


supporters say times have changed. Now is very different. Time is


different. The people, the mind is changed. Everybody is educated. So


trust on him, he will be changed. Has his mind set changed? Of course.


He may worry about the political choices he's made, but he's perhaps


worries more of an uncertain future, when foreign forces finally fly


home. Now, should the UK stay in the


European Union or get out? That is the debate taking place now in


London between pro-European Nick Clegg, leader of the Liberal


Democrats, and Deputy Prime Minister, and Nigel Farage leader of


the UK Independence Party. This is the second part of a debate which


began last week. Let's show you how the two leaders made their opening


pitch tonight. It's 40 years since the BBC debated this great question,


the one thing that has remained the same is David dibble beener --


Dimbleby. It was all about trade, if you remember, well it wasn't true.


Today we find ourselves part a political union. We find most of our


laws being made somewhere else. We find it's all rather expensive and


we have open-door immigration. Indeed, if you put to a referendum


today, would we join that union, overwhelmingly, we would say no.


There's now a clear, settled majority opinion in this country


which says look, we're not anti-European. We want to trade with


Europe, cooperate with Europe and get on well with our next door


neighbours, but we don't want a political union. There's an obstacle


and the obstacle is here tonight in the form of Nick Clegg, it's the


clear political class and their friends in big business, they want


to us keep this status quo. I want Britain to get up off its knees,


let's govern ourselves again, stand tall and trade with the world.


APPLAUSE Nick Clegg. Tonight I'm going to ask


you to remember just one thing: If it sounds too good to be true, then


it probably is. You've just heard it from Nigel Farage, you'll hear if


from him all evening. He will say that we can quit the European Union,


isolate ourselves in the world and still protect jobs, still protect


trade, still punch above our weight. That we can have all the good things


of anybodying Europe, without being -- of being in Europe without being


in Europe. It's a dangerous con. The modern world has changed. Our


economies are now intertwined with each other. We have to work with


other countries to protect jobs, to protect trade, to make sure that


Britain is richer, stronger and safer. For us as a country to thrive


and prosper, we should do what we do at our best, not walk away, but to


work with others and lead, because in an uncertain world, there is


strength in numbers. That is why we should remain in the European Union.


With me is the BBC's political correspondent Rob Watson. What we


expected to hear on Europe, but also Russia featuring in this debate.


Absolutely, there's been a lot of passion and yes, Russia. That's


because Nigel Farage, the leader of UKIP had, in the past, praised


Vladimir Putin, saying he admired him as an operator. There's been


passionate debate about that with Nick Clegg saying that Farage is so


obsessed with his hatred of the EU that he even finds himself praising


Vladimir Putin. Stepping back from that and of course how this Putin


business plays out, what these debates are really about, what we're


really looking out for is where will they leave UKIP and Nigel Farage? In


Britain, as in a lot of other European countries, you have this


insurgency outside a party, in the case of Britain, it's UKIP, it's


Nigel Farage. Based on a to hell with all the political classes and


let's get out of Europe. It's just going to be curious, when all this


settles down, the rows about Putin, where does it leave UKIP. It's a


question for Nigel Farage, is exposure good for him? Absolutely.


There's been a little bit of mixed polling on that so far. On one hand,


it seems that first debate a week ago attracted new followers to UKIP.


You might say, well, any publicity is good publicity, if you're a small


party. On the other hand, there has been one poll suggesting that quite


a large number of people think that Nigel Farage is a threat to the UK's


interests. Very interestingly balanced and again, that is why this


debate is so interesting, to look out for any medium long-term


effects, does it affect UKIP's position or not? We know those who


care about Europe here, care passionately, but a lot of people


don't care at all. One of the points of this debate is to get people to


take notice of the very issue. Absolutely. Voter turnout in euro


elections is dismal. This is an extremely Euro-sceptic country. Will


people be watching? Will we be amongst the select few talking about


this? Well, one fears that people won't be turning away from the pub


and from their favourite soap op raz. Thank you very much. -- operas.


If you're excited by this, can you see more on BBC Two and the News


Channel and if you're watching internationally, we'll bring you


more in ten minutes. Now, if you spent any time in the UK


in the last couple of days, in particular in the south of England,


you'll have noticed a lot of dust and smog in the air. That's because


of an exceptionally high level of air pollution, a mix of local and


European emissions and dust from the Sahara.


This is Leeds, wherein recent days, air pollution has far exceeded


levels considered safe by the EU. It's all down to the weather. Dust


has blown in from the Sahara, industrial pollution from Europe to


mix with existing local emissions. There's no wind to blow them away.


High pressure acts like a lid to trap the pollutants. What we're


seeing in terms of air quality is relatively unusual. It's a


combination of several factors, none of which in themselves is


particularly unusual. But it's the combination of four individual


factors, some of which are to do with chemistry, some emissions and


air quality have all kiened. -- combined. Air pollution can


exacerbate existing lung disease particularly amatics and -- asthma


tics and those with COPD. ( High or very high levels of pollution are


expected to affect England and Wales today. Forecasters say it should ebb


away by the end of the week. Police in Italy have recovered two


French master pieces, which were stolen from a London home more than


40 years ago. The works by Paul Gauguin and Pierre Bonnard were


found in the home of a pensioner in the island of Sicily.


On display to the public for the first time in four decades, the


still life by Paul Gauguin is thought to be worth anywhere between


?8 million and ?25 million. This along with Pierre Bonnard's Woman


with Two Chairs, was stolen from a private address in London in 1970.


According to Italian police, they were left on a train and auctioned


off as lost property in 1975. They were bought for a fraction of their


real cost by a car factory worker. They hung on the wall of his kitchen


for years, until his son spotted they might be genuine art works and


the police were contacted. The potential financial rewards from a


successful heist can be staggering. In 2008, in Switzerland, pieces by


Monet, and Dega, with a total value exceeding ?80 million were taken in


a robbery lasting minutes. All were eventually found, as was The Scream,


one of the most famous threats in recent years. It had suffered damage


but was still able to be put on display. As countless thefts have


shown, as long as art work retains their multimillion pound price tags,


they'll be targeted by criminal gangs, who see value in purely


financial terms. Time to remind you of our main news:


Chile says the northern regions hit by magnitude 8. 2 earthquake


overnight are disaster areas. At least six people are known to have


died. Tens of thousands were evacuated in the face of tsunami


warnings, triggered as far away as Hawaii. As the area near the mining


town suffered dozens of aftershocks, police had to set about the task of


recapturing 300 women prisoners, who escaped. We know several dozen are


now back behind bars. That's all from our programme. Next, it's the


weather. For now, from me, and the rest of the team, goodbye and thanks


for watching. Hello, weather conditions turning


more unsettled now heading into the latter part of the week. Weather


fronts pushing in from the west will bring outbreaks of rain as we head


through tomorrow. But primarily across western areas. Heavy bursts


across Scotland as we reach the end of the night and through the course


of tomorrow morning, there will be still some rain affecting


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