07/04/2014 World News Today


07/04/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 07/04/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.

:00:00.:00:08.

A dramatic and emotional day in court as the South African athlete

:00:09.:00:11.

Oscar Pistorius takes the stand for the first time in his murder trial.

:00:12.:00:17.

He apologised to the family of his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp, who

:00:18.:00:20.

he's admitted killing, and gave much of his evidence in tears. There has

:00:21.:00:33.

not been a moment since this tragedy happened that have not thought about

:00:34.:00:41.

family. Pro-Russian protesters step up their hold on Government

:00:42.:00:46.

buildings. Kiev responds by exploiting -- deploying security

:00:47.:00:48.

services. And it's the first day in the

:00:49.:00:51.

five-day process that is India's general election: more than 800

:00:52.:00:55.

million people have a vote. Also coming up: A remarkable

:00:56.:00:58.

reconciliation - we'll hear from a victim and a convicted attacker, 20

:00:59.:01:02.

years since the start of the Rwandan genocide.

:01:03.:01:09.

"I'm a Yankee doodle dandy, Yankee doodle do or die."

:01:10.:01:17.

The curtain comes down on one of Hollywood's greats, Mickey Rooney

:01:18.:01:21.

dies at the age of 93. Hello and welcome.

:01:22.:01:36.

It was an emotional start to the testimony given by the South African

:01:37.:01:39.

athlete, Oscar Pistorius, who's on trial for the murder of his

:01:40.:01:41.

girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp last year. As he stood in court he turned

:01:42.:01:47.

to the public gallery instead of addressing the judge and made a

:01:48.:01:50.

tearful apology directly to Reeva's mother June. He sobbed as he told

:01:51.:01:54.

the court in Pretoria that there hadn't been a moment since he shot

:01:55.:01:58.

dead his girlfriend that he hadn't thought about her family. He says he

:01:59.:02:03.

mistook her for an intruder. Andrew Harding reports.

:02:04.:02:10.

Finally, it is his turn to talk. Oscar Pistorius makes his way from

:02:11.:02:13.

the dock this morning, heading to the witness box. Past his own toilet

:02:14.:02:19.

door, the one he shot through, now an exhibit in the courtroom. We then

:02:20.:02:25.

lose sight of him, only his voice is allowed to be broadcast as he turns

:02:26.:02:30.

to the public and launches into an emotional speech to the family of

:02:31.:02:36.

the woman he killed. I would like to apologise and say there is not a

:02:37.:02:43.

moment and has not been a moment since this tragedy happened that I

:02:44.:02:49.

have not thought about the family. I wake up every morning and you are

:02:50.:02:52.

the first people I think of, the first people I pray for. I can't

:02:53.:03:04.

imagine the pain and sorrow. I was simply trying to protect

:03:05.:03:08.

Her, I can promise that when she went to bed that night she felt

:03:09.:03:15.

loved. Reva's mother showed no emotion. The Oscar stories family,

:03:16.:03:23.

quite the opposite. At one point, the athlete sops, he is comforted by

:03:24.:03:30.

another aunt. Then Pistorius described his own state. I have

:03:31.:03:37.

terrible nightmares about the things that happened that night. I can

:03:38.:03:47.

smell the blood and I wake up being terrified. The state has sought to

:03:48.:03:55.

shown that Oscar Pistorius as reckless. Today, he stressed his own

:03:56.:04:00.

vulnerability. Disabled and fearful of crime. When I grew up, we were

:04:01.:04:07.

exposed to crime. Housebreaking is with family members being

:04:08.:04:15.

assaulted. -- housebreakings. He was allowed to finish early after his

:04:16.:04:19.

lawyer pleaded that he had not slept last night. The core of his evidence

:04:20.:04:24.

is expected tomorrow. Let's get the latest.

:04:25.:04:30.

It was a day of great expectation when Oscar Pistorius started his

:04:31.:04:36.

testimony. It certainly was. There had been no

:04:37.:04:42.

certainty about when he was due to testify after the first witness, a

:04:43.:04:45.

pathologist for the fans, started to take the stand this morning. Three

:04:46.:04:51.

hours in, suddenly that evidence wound up Oscar Pistorius got up and

:04:52.:04:57.

took the stand, walking over to the witness box. It was an hour before

:04:58.:05:04.

lunch, and that our was extremely old -- emotional for Oscar

:05:05.:05:11.

Pistorius. Starting with an apology and then going into early details of

:05:12.:05:15.

his life. He began to calm down as he went through his early childhood

:05:16.:05:19.

and talk less about Reeva Steenkamp. He then returned after lunch and

:05:20.:05:23.

spent an hour or so of further evidence talking about more details

:05:24.:05:27.

being questioned very gently by his defence counsel before he told the

:05:28.:05:35.

judge that Oscar Pistorius was exhausted. Oscar Pistorius himself

:05:36.:05:40.

said he had not slept at all last night and his defence counsel asked

:05:41.:05:42.

for the day of evidence to be adjourned.

:05:43.:05:52.

He will obviously have an easier time with his defence counsel. Yes.

:05:53.:06:06.

His defence counsel who we have seen being very aggressive, today with

:06:07.:06:10.

defence witnesses was trying to coax the information out that presents

:06:11.:06:15.

their best case. He wanted to portray Oscar Pistorius has a

:06:16.:06:18.

vulnerable but brave young man who triumphed over his disability to

:06:19.:06:23.

them overcome adversity. Also a young man who had had a fear of

:06:24.:06:27.

crime, a just viable fear, being a victim of crime and seeing members

:06:28.:06:34.

of his family being victims. Also a sense that Oscar Pistorius wanted to

:06:35.:06:41.

be self-sufficient. He talked about Oscar Pistorius at school trying to

:06:42.:06:46.

give a sense of him looking after himself and taking the lead in his

:06:47.:06:50.

own defence. Possibly playing into the picture of a man who fear

:06:51.:06:56.

crime, perhaps paranoid about it, because of his vulnerability. At the

:06:57.:07:00.

same time, he was taking matters into his own hands. This whole very

:07:01.:07:05.

gentle questioning from Barry, the defence counsel, will come to an end

:07:06.:07:10.

eventually and then we will see the state prosecutor, the fearsome state

:07:11.:07:14.

prosecutor Tom some refer to as the pit bull, getting hold of Oscar

:07:15.:07:20.

Pistorius and trying to present a different version of Oscar stories.

:07:21.:07:26.

And also pick apart Oscar Pistorius's statement of events.

:07:27.:07:41.

In Ukraine, security officials are being sent to the eastern cities of

:07:42.:07:44.

Donetsk, Luhansk and Kharkiv following the occupation of several

:07:45.:07:46.

Government buildings by pro-Russian groups. In Donetsk, the people who

:07:47.:07:49.

seized the regional administration building have announced the creation

:07:50.:07:56.

of a sovereign "people's republic". They've also called for a referendum

:07:57.:07:59.

and asked Moscow to send in a peacekeeping force.

:08:00.:08:09.

Tell us what the state of affairs is. Tonight, pro-Russian

:08:10.:08:22.

protesters, activists, can truly to control. -- continued to control.

:08:23.:08:27.

They also control the local headquarters of the Ukrainian

:08:28.:08:30.

security services just across town. As you mentioned, earlier today they

:08:31.:08:37.

proclaimed the people's Republic of Donetsk. They have also called

:08:38.:08:46.

President Putin -- called on President Putin to sending

:08:47.:08:50.

peacekeeping groups. They have demanded a referendum by May the

:08:51.:08:55.

11th and judging by all of the Russian flags that were flying at

:08:56.:08:59.

the administration building and the Russian and Soviet era songs that

:09:00.:09:02.

were blaring out of the loudspeakers, it is clear that a lot

:09:03.:09:06.

of people in that crowd, 1000 people on the square, once Donetsk and

:09:07.:09:15.

other regions to break away from Ukraine and to join Russia. We know

:09:16.:09:24.

that Sergey Lavrov and US Secretary of State John Kerry have been

:09:25.:09:26.

holding talks and John Kerry apparently has said that he is quite

:09:27.:09:31.

concerned about what is going on. What do you think the possibility of

:09:32.:09:34.

any kind of Russian military intervention might be in that part

:09:35.:09:40.

of Ukraine? That of course is a major concern,

:09:41.:09:44.

it is a concern not only to John Kerry in the United States, but to

:09:45.:09:50.

Europe, too. Authorities in Kiev who continue to maintain that there is a

:09:51.:09:53.

real possibility that Russia could send in troops across the border

:09:54.:10:02.

into the eastern Ukrainian regions. As far as Moscow is concerned,

:10:03.:10:06.

Russia has continued to say that they have no plans to do that and

:10:07.:10:12.

the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying Ukraine should

:10:13.:10:17.

stop blaming Russia causing trouble. And that they should find solutions

:10:18.:10:22.

to its own problems. Thank you.

:10:23.:10:31.

An Australian vessel searching for the missing Malaysian airline ship

:10:32.:10:37.

has detected signals consistent with those from a black box flight

:10:38.:10:40.

recorder. It's being described as the most promising lead of the

:10:41.:10:45.

search so far. Here in the UK a British businessman

:10:46.:10:49.

accused of hiring hit-men to murder his new wife on their honeymoon in

:10:50.:10:52.

South Africa is being extradited today. It follows three years of

:10:53.:10:55.

legal challenges. Shrien Dewani has always denied ordering the

:10:56.:10:58.

carjacking in Cape Town, in November 2010.

:10:59.:11:06.

Peaches Geldof has died at the age of 25. The circumstances of her

:11:07.:11:10.

death in Kent in southern England are unclear. Police say it is being

:11:11.:11:15.

-- treated as sudden and unexplained. Peaches Geldof is the

:11:16.:11:21.

daughter of Bob Geldof and Paula Yates.

:11:22.:11:27.

A roadside bomb in Afghanistan has killed at least 13 people. The

:11:28.:11:38.

explosion in Kandahar province hit two vehicles carrying civilians.

:11:39.:11:41.

They were travelling on a side road after the main road was blocked

:11:42.:11:44.

after an earlier suicide bombing. The bombing comes two days after

:11:45.:11:46.

Afghanistan's presidential election that represents the first democratic

:11:47.:11:49.

transfer of power in the country's history. Early unofficial results

:11:50.:11:52.

from the vote suggest that two of the candidates are so far ahead of

:11:53.:11:56.

the six others that later results or even ballot rigging would not affect

:11:57.:12:00.

the result. With 10% of the votes counted, the former finance

:12:01.:12:03.

minister, Ashraf Ghani, said he had 50%, and the former Foreign

:12:04.:12:07.

Minister, Abdullah Abdullah, 35%. All sides have complained of fraud,

:12:08.:12:10.

and candidates have until midnight to lodge objections. Vali Nasr is

:12:11.:12:19.

the Dean of Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He

:12:20.:12:21.

was formerly senior adviser to the US special representative for

:12:22.:12:29.

Afghanistan and Pakistan. First of all, the fact of the matter

:12:30.:12:35.

is that the preferred candidate seems to be trailing, the preferred

:12:36.:12:41.

candidate of Hamid Karzai. Does that sound about right? These are

:12:42.:12:47.

preliminary results, we do not know how the voting in far-flung areas

:12:48.:12:53.

have gone. But right now it is correct. Ashraf Ghani, the front

:12:54.:13:02.

runner, was also quite close to President Hamid Karzai and there was

:13:03.:13:06.

also the suspicion that he President Hamid Karzai was supporting more

:13:07.:13:10.

than one candidate. He may get the candidate that he really wanted and

:13:11.:13:14.

the one that he pretended to want and is happy distant third and that

:13:15.:13:18.

gives legitimacy to the outcome he was looking for. I see. Ashraf Ghani

:13:19.:13:24.

and Abdullah Abdullah both veterans on the political scene in

:13:25.:13:29.

Afghanistan. Do you suppose that they are in a way the candidates of

:13:30.:13:36.

continuity? More so Abdullah Abdullah than Ashraf Ghani. Ashraf

:13:37.:13:40.

Ghani is a technocrat, his style is familiar to the West and very much

:13:41.:13:45.

appreciated. He is a doing person, he wants to get things done, build

:13:46.:13:51.

institutions. He worked at the World Bank. He is not the wheeler dealer

:13:52.:13:55.

that Afghanistan is used to. It remains to be seen if he can manage

:13:56.:13:59.

the political process with his style. Both have said that they

:14:00.:14:04.

would sign the military cooperation agreement. That is with the United

:14:05.:14:10.

States. That is something presumably that people in the United States

:14:11.:14:17.

would welcome? Yes, of course. That was their rhetoric during the

:14:18.:14:20.

campaign. Now we will see whether they have the strength to do so. If

:14:21.:14:26.

they do so, whether there may be a backlash against that decision. This

:14:27.:14:30.

became such a hot political issue, it is not as easy for a new

:14:31.:14:35.

president is to come in and nearly proceed with signing the accord. I

:14:36.:14:41.

think it is still a sensitive issue and we will have to see if the rest

:14:42.:14:45.

-- rhetoric of the campaign will translate into action. Briefly, I

:14:46.:14:51.

you pleased with how the election has gone? -- RU. The voting part

:14:52.:14:59.

went well. We will have two see if the results stand up. It is not good

:15:00.:15:04.

for Afghanistan if large cached in areas did not vote with the same

:15:05.:15:08.

level of turnout as couple and the North. -- PAshtun. Those other

:15:09.:15:18.

things we to watch. If they go smoothly, this will have been a

:15:19.:15:25.

spectacular election. Thank you. The world's biggest election is

:15:26.:15:28.

underway in India. It will take a month for more than 800 million

:15:29.:15:31.

voters to cast their ballot. And opinion polls indicate that the

:15:32.:15:34.

governing Congress Party is facing a stiff challenge if not defeat by the

:15:35.:15:38.

nationalist Hindu BJP, led by Narendra Modi. The election involves

:15:39.:15:43.

930,000 polling stations around the country and will be held over nine

:15:44.:15:50.

phases, ending on May the 12th. One of the first regions to vote is the

:15:51.:15:54.

north-eastern state of Assam, from where our correspondent Sanjoy

:15:55.:15:59.

Majumder reports. They queued up from the early hours

:16:00.:16:05.

of the morning at this polling station set up in a girls school.

:16:06.:16:11.

Woman almost outnumbered men. Standing patiently for hours in 30

:16:12.:16:17.

degrees heat. Once inside, a quick identity check after which their

:16:18.:16:23.

fingers are marked with indelible ink to make sure no one votes twice

:16:24.:16:28.

before they can make their choice. It's been a solid start on day one

:16:29.:16:32.

of the voting. A pretty good turnout, and that is always a sign

:16:33.:16:37.

that voters want to send politicians strong message. Assam has not really

:16:38.:16:42.

kept pace with the rest of India when it comes to development. There

:16:43.:16:45.

is a sense here that they have been left out, sense of frustration, even

:16:46.:16:54.

of alienation. This is tea growing country, the plantations dotting

:16:55.:16:57.

this country were set up by the British in the mid-19th century to

:16:58.:17:02.

produce the world-famous Assante. But while the industry has

:17:03.:17:04.

prospered, the tea growers have not. This is three generations of

:17:05.:17:12.

this family. Father, son, and grandson will all vote in these

:17:13.:17:18.

polls. The live right by the plantation in conditions that have

:17:19.:17:20.

seen little improvement over the years. The tin shacks that serve as

:17:21.:17:24.

their homes offer no protection against the heat. There is no

:17:25.:17:29.

electricity or proper health care. TRANSLATION: The British were here,

:17:30.:17:36.

I've been working here since then. They left. I voted in the first

:17:37.:17:39.

elections and have voted in all elections since then.

:17:40.:17:45.

We are not asking for much, all we want is someone who will improve

:17:46.:17:49.

things for us. We work so hard but our wages are so low. The tea

:17:50.:17:53.

industry is making profits, but we get no share of its.

:17:54.:17:58.

I'm voting for the first time, so I'm really excited. Our lives you

:17:59.:18:04.

are pathetic. There is no future for media. I want to vote for someone

:18:05.:18:08.

who will give me an opportunity to move out from here and begin a new

:18:09.:18:13.

life for me. Now it is decision time for Assam

:18:14.:18:19.

and the rest of India. Five weeks from now we will know who they have

:18:20.:18:29.

backed. Today Rwanda began its official week

:18:30.:18:32.

of mourning to remember the 20% of its population - mostly Tutsis - who

:18:33.:18:36.

perished in the genocide 20 years ago. 800,000 people were brutally

:18:37.:18:39.

killed in just 100 days. President Paul Kagame said at a ceremony

:18:40.:18:42.

attended by some world leaders that many had written Rwanda off as a

:18:43.:18:46.

country with no future but only a past. My colleague George Alagiah is

:18:47.:18:49.

in Kigali and examines whether Rwandans have reconciled after their

:18:50.:18:59.

tragic past. A day to remember, a day to say

:19:00.:19:05.

never again. But for some in the crowd the memory alone was too

:19:06.:19:10.

much. Rwandans were joined by international dignitaries including

:19:11.:19:14.

the UN Secretary General, and today he acknowledged the organisation's

:19:15.:19:20.

failure to stop the genocide, the fastest boat of mass murder in

:19:21.:19:24.

modern times. The people who planned and carried

:19:25.:19:33.

out the genocide where London's -- were from Rwanda, but the history

:19:34.:19:39.

and root causes beyond beautiful country.

:19:40.:19:43.

One of the most infamous massacres took here in the South of the

:19:44.:19:50.

country. Up to 50,000 people are killed in this half built school

:19:51.:19:53.

with a sword refuge. It is a memorial centre now. First the water

:19:54.:19:59.

was cut off and now supplies were allowed in, and then they moved in

:20:00.:20:05.

for the kill. The clothing of the victims tells its own story. Women,

:20:06.:20:09.

children, the elderly hash no one was spared. How do you remember the

:20:10.:20:15.

past without getting trapped in? In every city, and every time, in every

:20:16.:20:19.

village am a these are the challenges they have to deal with.

:20:20.:20:26.

This man led a group of the killers two decades ago. In a remarkable act

:20:27.:20:31.

of generosity, he has been allowed into the life of this woman, one of

:20:32.:20:36.

the few who survived. She lost her husband and two sons on the night of

:20:37.:20:45.

April 20 1994. TRANSLATION: We were pleading for mercy and they still

:20:46.:20:48.

killed us. Some of the children were saying, forgive us for being Tutsi,

:20:49.:20:55.

we will not be any more. But they still killed us.

:20:56.:20:59.

What kind of man attacks innocent people? TRANSLATION: When we

:21:00.:21:06.

attacked, there was no humanity in us. We were like wild animals. If

:21:07.:21:10.

you have ever seen and mad dog, but was us. Our plan was to make sure

:21:11.:21:15.

there were no survivors. That was our mission.

:21:16.:21:21.

After the genocide, Emanuel admitted killing nine people and served seven

:21:22.:21:26.

years in jail. How can you sit here, sit next to

:21:27.:21:29.

the man who may have been the killer of your husband and sons?

:21:30.:21:35.

TRANSLATION: I never thought I could be close to a person who killed

:21:36.:21:41.

another, let alone speak to him. But with the counselling we have had, I

:21:42.:21:45.

have learned to forgive. I also forgive him because he told the

:21:46.:21:53.

truth and ask to be pardoned. Over half the population of Rwanda

:21:54.:22:00.

was born after the genocide. Among them are the 20,000 or so children

:22:01.:22:05.

conceived in heat and born to women who are raped. Background is one of

:22:06.:22:14.

them, but like the rest of his generation, he wants to look

:22:15.:22:18.

forward. TRANSLATION: The only reason we keep commemorating the

:22:19.:22:22.

genocide is to make sure it never happens again. It is not fair to

:22:23.:22:27.

just associate Rwanda with the genocide. If people came here, they

:22:28.:22:32.

would realise that. Today, people in Rwanda are

:22:33.:22:38.

remembering their past but in doing so they highlight the extraordinary

:22:39.:22:42.

achievements of the last two decades. And nation no longer

:22:43.:22:44.

divided between victims and perpetrators, but uniting around a

:22:45.:22:53.

shared vision of the future. Remembering the genocide 20 years on

:22:54.:22:57.

in Rwanda. He had one of the longest running

:22:58.:23:00.

film careers of all time: the Hollywood legend Mickey Rooney, has

:23:01.:23:04.

died at the age of 93. His career began, when he was just 18 months

:23:05.:23:07.

old. Mickey Rooney was a prolific actor,

:23:08.:23:11.

he starred in hundreds of films over ten decades. He worked with some of

:23:12.:23:15.

the greatest names in cinema during the golden age of Hollywood. In a

:23:16.:23:21.

moment we'll assess his life and career.

:23:22.:23:31.

We just got a glance of them there with Judy Garland, and some people

:23:32.:23:35.

would say that his best work was very early in his career.

:23:36.:23:40.

That is the problem when you start young. Even one direction, dare I

:23:41.:23:45.

say, the spent three years at the top ten years chasing it. What

:23:46.:23:50.

people don't realise is that he started out in silent films, he was

:23:51.:23:57.

then signed by MGM, and by the age of 19 1939 he was high star in the

:23:58.:24:02.

world. And they sure these pictures of him in the White House with

:24:03.:24:05.

Eisenhower, this was heady stuff for someone so young.

:24:06.:24:11.

He was living history, wasn't he? Absolutely, but when you're young

:24:12.:24:14.

you don't get it. He said he wasn't aware of how big he was. He was

:24:15.:24:19.

signed to a very strict studio system, and they did not want to

:24:20.:24:24.

marry either gardener. He went through a garage is. He would always

:24:25.:24:32.

refer to his eighth wife as a transient thing.

:24:33.:24:36.

Surprising he could render all their names.

:24:37.:24:40.

His advice was always to get married in the morning because it didn't

:24:41.:24:43.

work out you haven't wasted the whole day.

:24:44.:24:51.

Was he not declared bankrupt? He was 93, everybody has problems.

:24:52.:24:54.

You went through difficult times, and periods when Hollywood fell out

:24:55.:24:59.

with him. But he discovered and created Marilyn Monroe, and many

:25:00.:25:05.

other different stars, Lana Turner. The problem he really had, and he

:25:06.:25:11.

told this to me, he said he could have been bigger, but I am short.

:25:12.:25:16.

And when you are short, you can't play the bad guy.

:25:17.:25:21.

He was very versatile, he did funny, serious, poignant.

:25:22.:25:27.

He reinvented himself at the end as a Disney star, he popped up in a lot

:25:28.:25:32.

of those films, and he always played the grumpy grandad and Santa 's

:25:33.:25:37.

helpers. He didn't mind. Eyes and for the last time at the Oscars two

:25:38.:25:42.

years ago, and he looked great. And totally coppers mentis?

:25:43.:25:52.

He did a pantomime, and asked for anybody, he just love performing.

:25:53.:25:57.

How would he like to be remembered, would you guess?

:25:58.:26:04.

His daily was as long as you are remembered, that's all that

:26:05.:26:08.

matters. If you love the work, that's all that matters. He said

:26:09.:26:16.

that the big moment was meeting the British Royal Family, he got very

:26:17.:26:24.

teary about that. A reminder of our main story. Oscar

:26:25.:26:31.

Pistorius has made an apology to the family of Reeva Steenkamp on the

:26:32.:26:33.

first day of giving evidence. Humidity are full apology directly

:26:34.:26:37.

to the mother of Reeva Steenkamp. He told the court that had not been a

:26:38.:26:41.

moment since he shot dead Reeva Steenkamp that he had not thought

:26:42.:26:48.

about her family. That's all from us, from me and the team, goodbye.

:26:49.:26:51.

about her family. That's all from us, from me and the team, goodbye.

:26:52.:27:01.

A nasty squall line through this evening, but that will clear through

:27:02.:27:07.

the evening. A fresh breeze and the fresher feel to

:27:08.:27:08.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS