04/04/2014 World News Today


04/04/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 04/04/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News today with me, Zeinab Badawi. Afghanistan

:00:00.:00:09.

enters a new era on the eve of elections for a new President.

:00:10.:00:13.

Hundreds of thousands of security forces across the country amidst

:00:14.:00:19.

fears of violence at the polls. In a sign of the tensions and dangers,

:00:20.:00:22.

two foreign journalists have been shot in eastern Afghanistan. One is

:00:23.:00:34.

dead, the other injured. We are shattered at the loss of her, one of

:00:35.:00:38.

the great photographers of the world. She covered combat from

:00:39.:00:44.

Bosnia to Afghanistan. The search for the missing Malaysian

:00:45.:00:49.

Airlines goes underwater. High-tech listening devices are helping to try

:00:50.:00:53.

to locate the flight recorders. Also coming up: Formula One star Michael

:00:54.:00:55.

Schumacher show signs of consciousness after months spent in

:00:56.:00:59.

a coma following a skiing accident. The world's most expensive Easter

:01:00.:01:02.

egg - before it goes on public display, we will hear the remarkable

:01:03.:01:06.

story of how the man who bought it for thousands and then sold it for

:01:07.:01:23.

more than $30 million. Hello and welcome. Nearly 400,000

:01:24.:01:26.

military personnel are out in force across Afghanistan in the run up to

:01:27.:01:30.

tomorrow's elections because of course security is a major issue.

:01:31.:01:36.

Earlier today Anja Niedringhaus, a German photojournalist working for

:01:37.:01:39.

the Associated Press news agency was killed in the eastern city of Khost.

:01:40.:01:47.

She had been travelling with a convoy carrying election workers

:01:48.:01:50.

when an Afghan policeman opened fire on her vehicle. Another journalist

:01:51.:01:53.

travelling with her was seriously wounded. Kathy Gannon is said to be

:01:54.:02:05.

in a stable condition and then use was received in New York earlier

:02:06.:02:10.

today. We are shattered at the news of the

:02:11.:02:15.

death of Anja needing house, one of the greatest photographers in the

:02:16.:02:22.

world. She covered combat from Bosnia to Afghanistan. A wonderful

:02:23.:02:26.

human being. Much has been said about her joyful laugh which is what

:02:27.:02:29.

most of us from member about her. She was a great cook, a good friend.

:02:30.:02:38.

A big heart but they both kooky. -- tough cookie. They were the two

:02:39.:02:44.

journalists in the world who spend more time than anyone else in the

:02:45.:02:50.

world covering Afghanistan. For years they have been telling the

:02:51.:02:54.

story of the people. It is with bitter irony that we learn they were

:02:55.:03:04.

attacked today. Our chief international

:03:05.:03:07.

correspondent Lyse Doucet is also in Afghanistan for the election. It is

:03:08.:03:10.

a pivotal moment for Afghanistan because the elections will be

:03:11.:03:13.

followed by the final phasing out of western combat troops. Lyse sent

:03:14.:03:16.

this report from the strategic area of Parwan, not far from Kabul.

:03:17.:03:24.

This is not the first time that foreign forces have left

:03:25.:03:28.

Afghanistan. The Soviet Union used this major road to bring the troops

:03:29.:03:34.

home in 1989. The highway runs very close to the base used by

:03:35.:03:40.

international forces. We will be returning to the Valley throughout

:03:41.:03:49.

the year. The snow has not yet melted on the mountains but there

:03:50.:03:53.

are all the signs that spring has arrived in this valley. This year,

:03:54.:03:58.

the greatest change is political. Election posters still plastered

:03:59.:04:04.

walls here. In rural areas like this, many Afghans have always had

:04:05.:04:08.

their own gardens. Some carry them with him. I have come to see this

:04:09.:04:15.

man again and some neighbours have dropped by. These politicians have

:04:16.:04:21.

spent millions of dollars on these elections, this man complains. They

:04:22.:04:28.

do not know how we are. In the last two months since we met, you have

:04:29.:04:33.

been -- you have become more pessimistic? The whole nation is

:04:34.:04:39.

enthusiastic about these elections because people are tired of war and

:04:40.:04:46.

poverty. We want change but we are not expecting change in our own

:04:47.:04:52.

lives. Our readers will build palaces and we will suffer. -- our

:04:53.:05:01.

leaders. On the other side of the valley, this lady has other matters

:05:02.:05:06.

on her mind. Military aircraft roared overhead but she takes no

:05:07.:05:12.

notice. This mother of six is involved in the local elections. It

:05:13.:05:18.

is a family affair. She proudly wears the colours of the Afghan flag

:05:19.:05:22.

and she spent the last two months meeting people in her community and

:05:23.:05:30.

has left full of hope. I learned that people 's awareness is much

:05:31.:05:34.

higher than it was five years ago. Women, young boys and girls and even

:05:35.:05:41.

older people. I did not expect men to receive me so warmly. I even had

:05:42.:05:46.

calls from farmers who wanted to know about the elections. It made me

:05:47.:05:52.

feel so proud. This family also worries about security. Gunfire rang

:05:53.:05:57.

out just before we arrived. There was a shooting the day before. In

:05:58.:06:04.

the quiet of the day, she finds solace in Afghan poetry. Here, like

:06:05.:06:16.

much of Afghanistan, most of them worried people harbour hope that

:06:17.:06:21.

these elections can at last to bring peace and prosperity to this land.

:06:22.:06:27.

Search teams have begun using underwater locators to hunt for the

:06:28.:06:30.

black box of Malaysian Airlines flight MH370. It is a race against

:06:31.:06:36.

time as the batteries which send out a signal are due to run out any day.

:06:37.:06:41.

The plane which disappeared on March eight is believed to have crashed in

:06:42.:06:45.

the southern Indian Ocean with 239 people on board.

:06:46.:06:58.

After a fruitless month looking for the missing airliner, searchers have

:06:59.:07:02.

begun listening for it as well. Beneath the waves. Two ships are

:07:03.:07:09.

using special kit to try to hear distress signals from the plane's

:07:10.:07:14.

back -- black boxes. They have their work cut out. The sea bed there is

:07:15.:07:25.

like 4.5 kilometres deep. This is the kind of terrain that hides many

:07:26.:07:29.

secrets. This is what investigators are after, the black box that should

:07:30.:07:35.

solve this puzzle. It will tell us what the crew were saying on board.

:07:36.:07:40.

This piece of American kit shaped like a stingray is called a towed

:07:41.:07:48.

pinger locators but it is like an underwater microphone, chained to

:07:49.:07:52.

hear signals from the black box locator. A Royal Navy submarine is

:07:53.:07:57.

also common in the area, listening for the same things. They might get

:07:58.:08:04.

lucky but it is a long shot. The battery runs out in a feuding and

:08:05.:08:07.

they will be listening across an area the size of Britain. There is

:08:08.:08:13.

other high-tech kit on stand-by. This vehicle swims up and down

:08:14.:08:17.

mapping the sea bed. They will not stop -- they will not start using it

:08:18.:08:21.

until they find a piece of the plane. They have the best tools

:08:22.:08:24.

available but that does not mean it will work. They had the same

:08:25.:08:29.

state-of-the-art technology five years ago to find the black boxes

:08:30.:08:33.

from a French airliner that crashed into the Atlantic. For a month,

:08:34.:08:37.

patrolled the area, listening for signals, about realising that even

:08:38.:08:43.

went over the wreckage yet they heard nothing. The company that

:08:44.:08:46.

helped find that plane told me why. In hindsight, it was revealed that

:08:47.:08:54.

both fingers had failed. It is very similar to the situation we face now

:08:55.:09:03.

with flight MH370. We have no information and it is an area 20

:09:04.:09:08.

times the size of the previous flight. The search enters a new

:09:09.:09:14.

phase but the reality is, if they don't find a clue soon, they may

:09:15.:09:23.

never find the aircraft. Belgian police have used water

:09:24.:09:28.

cannon to disperse protesters in Brussels. Protesters hurled oranges

:09:29.:09:33.

at the police as they marched through the centre of Brussels

:09:34.:09:36.

protesting against austerity policies backed by the European

:09:37.:09:40.

Union. Many roads were closed causing traffic disruption. The US

:09:41.:09:44.

Embassy went into a security lockdown.

:09:45.:10:00.

An update now on the condition of Michael Schumacher will stop

:10:01.:10:04.

according to his manager, he is showing some signs of

:10:05.:10:07.

consciousness. He has been in a medically induced coma since

:10:08.:10:10.

December when he had that skiing accident.

:10:11.:10:19.

As though waiting for his family turned from days to weeks to months,

:10:20.:10:25.

rumours about whether Formula one's most decorated driver would ever

:10:26.:10:28.

recovered continues to fly. Today, a small but encouraging sign will stop

:10:29.:10:33.

his manager said Michael is making progress on his way. He shows

:10:34.:10:46.

moments of consciousness. Four days after Christmas, Michael

:10:47.:10:54.

Schumacher skied off piste and hit a rock. He was taken to hospital in

:10:55.:10:57.

critical condition and since then have been working to bring him out

:10:58.:11:02.

of a medically induced coma. His friends are holding their breath.

:11:03.:11:08.

Maybe it is too early for us to start celebrating anything but let

:11:09.:11:11.

us hope he is in good hands and that he comes out of this medically

:11:12.:11:19.

induced coma and hopefully with the effect is that we will know as

:11:20.:11:22.

Michael Schumacher and let him live a positive life thereafter. Don't

:11:23.:11:26.

want him to come back and ride this in cars, we just want him around.

:11:27.:11:31.

Despite these encouraging signs, experts remain concerned about the

:11:32.:11:35.

length of time he has been in hospital. From experience of

:11:36.:11:41.

patients who have been in a medically induced coma for a long

:11:42.:11:44.

period of time, I am cautious because the duration of the

:11:45.:11:50.

medically induced coma is a good surrogate for the severity of the

:11:51.:11:55.

underlying condition. Michael Schumacher won seven world titles in

:11:56.:11:59.

total. Along the way, he claimed many Formula one records. Put

:12:00.:12:07.

simply, he is one of the greatest riders of all time.

:12:08.:12:12.

Medical teams dealing with the Ebola outbreak in West Africa are trying

:12:13.:12:15.

to confirm whether the disease has spread to a new country, Mali.

:12:16.:12:32.

Nearly 90 people have died in neighbouring Guinea and at least six

:12:33.:12:35.

in Liberia. There are more suspected cases in Sierra Leone and Gambia.

:12:36.:12:45.

With me is Dr Ben Newman, a virologist at Reading University. We

:12:46.:12:52.

know that this virus is spread through human contact but tell us

:12:53.:13:02.

what kind of contact is that? When you have the virus, you start to

:13:03.:13:06.

feel ill and the symptoms are a lot like the flu. There will be

:13:07.:13:10.

diarrhoea, muscle aches and vomiting. Cleaning up those bodily

:13:11.:13:14.

fluids, this is one of the best ways to get infected. Once a person has

:13:15.:13:19.

died, that person still remains very infectious and touching the corpse

:13:20.:13:24.

is a good way to spread the disease as well. What about people on

:13:25.:13:29.

crowded buses, can you pick it up like that? It is technically

:13:30.:13:40.

possible. Do you think we can talk about this being an epidemic almost

:13:41.:13:44.

because the outbreak has taken a deadly path? It has and it has

:13:45.:13:49.

travelled much farther than Ebola has travelled before. It has always

:13:50.:13:57.

been quite isolated in the past. How do you isolate somebody you know has

:13:58.:14:02.

been infected? When do you know that they are infected? This is the

:14:03.:14:11.

problem, it is such a slow virus. For I deadly killer, it takes two

:14:12.:14:15.

weeks for you to know you are infected and to see the symptoms.

:14:16.:14:19.

Bring that time, you could be spreading the virus to many people

:14:20.:14:26.

potentially. We can also talk to the head of the world health

:14:27.:14:32.

organisation's epidemic response team. This situation in Mali, can

:14:33.:14:38.

you confirm there are cases of Ebola there? No, they are suspected cases

:14:39.:14:48.

that have been reported and what we are doing right now is to ensure

:14:49.:14:57.

that samples can be shipped to Guinea for confirmation. There is no

:14:58.:15:02.

outbreak in Mali. Only suspected cases have been reported. Can I ask

:15:03.:15:13.

you, from the World Health Organisation's point of view, and

:15:14.:15:17.

you or the person leading that response team in West Africa, what

:15:18.:15:23.

is your plan of action to try to contain the path of the Ebola virus?

:15:24.:15:30.

What we are doing right now, we started first of all by trying to

:15:31.:15:41.

increase the capacity of West African countries to have

:15:42.:15:48.

laboratories to diagnose a bowler. -- diagnose Ebola. In terms of

:15:49.:16:01.

coordination, WHO has been in contact with 20 international

:16:02.:16:05.

experts from all over the world who are down there to provide the

:16:06.:16:09.

technical support and guidance to respond to this outbreak. There are

:16:10.:16:16.

experts in social mobilisation who are supporting national governments

:16:17.:16:22.

and informing them about the disease. As we speak there are lots

:16:23.:16:28.

of people going down there to ensure that the outbreak can be contained

:16:29.:16:36.

quickly. Carry on. I want to point out the fact that all the necessary

:16:37.:16:44.

prevention control measures are being put in place. We are trying to

:16:45.:16:52.

closely work with the community. We are also closely working with

:16:53.:17:02.

facilities to prevent transmission. With that type of actions, we are

:17:03.:17:07.

hoping that we should be able to contain the outbreak. I would like

:17:08.:17:13.

to ask you something. Medicins Sans Frontieres says the outbreak is

:17:14.:17:17.

unprecedented in terms of the spread of cases. Are you looking at an

:17:18.:17:22.

epidemic? Can the WHO say that is what this is? It is an epidemic of

:17:23.:17:33.

Ebola, which is happening in Guinea and Liberia. Usually, Ebola

:17:34.:17:43.

outbreaks in the past have been in remote areas. What the WHO are

:17:44.:17:56.

trying to do right now is really to respond with an international team

:17:57.:17:59.

of experts and provide mobile laboratories able to pick up cases

:18:00.:18:05.

quickly. Dr Benido Impouma, from the WHO, thank you for joining us from

:18:06.:18:11.

Congo-Brazzaville. Dr Ben Newman, the Ebola virus is deadly but

:18:12.:18:18.

needn't kill? It needn't kill and we can predict with some certainty

:18:19.:18:21.

whether it will kill or not. It is in your genetics. It is a lottery.

:18:22.:18:29.

And when could we get a vaccine? There are experimental vaccines but

:18:30.:18:33.

right now we do not know that any of them are safe to use in humans.

:18:34.:18:40.

Thank you. Some of the other news: In India,

:18:41.:18:52.

three men have been sentenced to death for the rape of able men in an

:18:53.:18:57.

abandoned textile mill. They had already been convicted of an earlier

:18:58.:19:01.

attack on another woman at exactly the same spot. They're the first to

:19:02.:19:04.

be sentenced under tough new laws, introduced after the Delhi bus rape

:19:05.:19:06.

in 2012. A Turkish court has overturned a ban

:19:07.:19:10.

on YouTube that was imposed after the video-sharing website was used

:19:11.:19:13.

to spread leaked audio files from a state security meeting. The Ankara

:19:14.:19:16.

court ruling says a blanket ban of the social media website violated

:19:17.:19:20.

human rights. It comes a day after the government was forced to comply

:19:21.:19:23.

with a court ruling to unblock Twitter in Turkey.

:19:24.:19:25.

Japan's biggest online retailer, Rakuten, has decided to stop selling

:19:26.:19:28.

whale meat following Tokyo's decision to cancel its annual whale

:19:29.:19:31.

hunt in the oceans off the Antarctic. Japan called off the hunt

:19:32.:19:36.

after the International Court of Justice in The Hague said it was

:19:37.:19:40.

illegal, in a case brought by Australia and New Zealand. Rakuten

:19:41.:19:44.

has also announced that it will stop selling dolphin meat.

:19:45.:19:54.

Now, there is good luck, and outrageously good fortune. A scrap

:19:55.:19:57.

metal dealer in the American Midwest bought this egg for around ?8,000,

:19:58.:20:01.

thinking he could sell it on or melt it down for gold. It was only after

:20:02.:20:06.

reading an article that he discovered it was in fact an

:20:07.:20:09.

imperial Faberge Easter egg, one of just 50, made for the Russian Royal

:20:10.:20:16.

Family. It has just been sold to a private collector for ?20 million -

:20:17.:20:20.

that's $33 million - and is soon to go on display in London. The

:20:21.:20:25.

original article was written by Roya Nikkhah, and she has the story.

:20:26.:20:37.

Alexander III had money and palaces in abundance but when he wanted to

:20:38.:20:41.

give something truly unique to his empress, he turned to the most

:20:42.:20:45.

sought after July of the day, Carl Faberge. And here it is, a lost

:20:46.:20:51.

treasure, remarkably rediscovered, set with diamonds and sapphires, and

:20:52.:20:56.

be sumptuous golden egg is among the rarest artworks in the world.

:20:57.:21:02.

Faberge's eggs opened to contain a surprise. They became increasingly

:21:03.:21:08.

elaborate as he honed his craft. Each is unique. Only 50 were ever

:21:09.:21:15.

made. But the Russian Revolution of 1917 saw imperial treasures seized

:21:16.:21:19.

by the new government. Later, many were sold to the West by the

:21:20.:21:26.

Bolsheviks. So how rare is it to rediscover an imperial Faberge egg?

:21:27.:21:30.

It is beyond breath. If you can say that. It is so unbelievable that

:21:31.:21:38.

this has been discovered and saved. It is a time capsule that we will

:21:39.:21:43.

never, ever see again. The egg was last seen in public in 1902 at an

:21:44.:21:48.

exhibition of imperial Faberge treasures in Saint Petersburg. It

:21:49.:21:53.

was not seen again until 1964, when it was auctioned in New York for

:21:54.:21:58.

?875, but it was not identified as Faberge at the time. It reappeared

:21:59.:22:03.

last year when the egg was bought by a scrap metal dealer at a flea

:22:04.:22:13.

market in America's midwest. He paid just ?8,000 for it and kept it in

:22:14.:22:16.

his kitchen. It was only when he opened up the eighth and found this

:22:17.:22:18.

inscription inside, the name of the watchmaker, that he looked it up

:22:19.:22:21.

online. He found an article about the hunt for missing Faberge eggs

:22:22.:22:25.

and found that this lump of gold is worth ?20 million. This is the Julie

:22:26.:22:32.

who verified the find as the third imperial Faberge egg. -- this is the

:22:33.:22:39.

July. I felt like Indiana Jones. This is the thing that we search for

:22:40.:22:48.

everyday. The man who discovered the ultimate golden egg wants to remain

:22:49.:22:53.

anonymous. It will soon disappear into the vaults of a private

:22:54.:22:56.

collector, and this historic peace may never -- this piece may never be

:22:57.:23:01.

seen again. With me in the studio is Toby Faber,

:23:02.:23:05.

the author of the book Faberge's Eggs. Just eight coincidence, your

:23:06.:23:13.

name! Extraordinary story, isn't it? Do you think it is surprising

:23:14.:23:20.

that such a beautiful, elaborate, albeit small piece just went

:23:21.:23:25.

unnoticed? If you surprising but not unlikely. It is quite small. It is

:23:26.:23:30.

not backed elaborate. There is nothing about it that makes it

:23:31.:23:34.

personal to his original owners. Other eggs have pictures of the

:23:35.:23:39.

palaces and their children. This one just happens to be vaguely egg

:23:40.:23:45.

shaped. Very detailed work. I note he bought it just for the value of

:23:46.:23:51.

the gold and the gems in it. But he would have thought that somebody

:23:52.:23:56.

would have clocked that it is very beautifully crafted... Yes, we will

:23:57.:24:01.

all be frequenting American flea markets, I think exhibition at it is

:24:02.:24:06.

an amazing piece. Stunning. Tell us where this particular find... How it

:24:07.:24:13.

sits with the rest of the Faberge... What is interesting about it is it

:24:14.:24:17.

is very early. If you think about the eggs that we already know about,

:24:18.:24:21.

we know about the very first one, which looks like a hen egg on the

:24:22.:24:26.

outside. It is more elaborate open. The next one to survive comes from

:24:27.:24:35.

five years later, 1890. From then on they are very elaborate. It has pink

:24:36.:24:40.

enamel. So this is part of the progression. It shows gradual

:24:41.:24:46.

increasing collaboration, probably Faberge himself getting more

:24:47.:24:50.

autonomy as he is allowed to come up with his own ideas. And just tell

:24:51.:24:56.

us, quick bit of history, why are Faberge eggs so desirable? They are

:24:57.:25:01.

wonderful. So many things. There is a wonderful series of inventiveness

:25:02.:25:07.

in the eggs that spans 30 years of different designs. There are

:25:08.:25:10.

wonderful stories. There are stories of the individual eggs reflecting

:25:11.:25:16.

what is going on in the lives of the stars, and after the revolution you

:25:17.:25:21.

have the stories of the eggs being lost and rediscovered. You have this

:25:22.:25:29.

thing about here are the rulers, separate from their people, living

:25:30.:25:33.

their lives and commissioning these eggs. They represent the end of an

:25:34.:25:42.

era. Are they all in private hands? After the revolution, of the 50

:25:43.:25:51.

made, roughly 40 appeared in the Kremlin. Stalin sold many of. 30

:25:52.:25:58.

were sold to the West and our current Queen has three. Bought by

:25:59.:26:05.

her grandmother. There are several in American museums. And a Russian

:26:06.:26:15.

oligarch has some. Another story related to art before we go.

:26:16.:26:18.

The former US President George Bush has found the time to develop a new

:26:19.:26:22.

passion since leaving the White House - he's become a painter. The

:26:23.:26:26.

Take a look and see what you think. Here's Vladimir Putin. The

:26:27.:26:29.

paintings, which are to be displayed at the Bush Presidential Library in

:26:30.:26:32.

Texas, also feature the former British prime minister Tony Blair.

:26:33.:26:34.

And Pakistan's former President, Pervez Musharraf, has also been been

:26:35.:26:38.

captured on canvas. Mr Bush said the subjects of his portraits had all

:26:39.:26:41.

earned his respect and admiration. And evidently, that includes himself

:26:42.:26:44.

- the collection includes this self portrait.

:26:45.:26:50.

Over the past 24 hours, we have seen a shift in wind direction and that

:26:51.:27:05.

has meant an improvement in air quality. Tomorrow looking cloudy.

:27:06.:27:10.

Some rain, although not everyone will see it. Light, patchy

:27:11.:27:12.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS