04/04/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News today with me, Zeinab Badawi. Afghanistan


enters a new era on the eve of elections for a new President.


Hundreds of thousands of security forces across the country amidst


fears of violence at the polls. In a sign of the tensions and dangers,


two foreign journalists have been shot in eastern Afghanistan. One is


dead, the other injured. We are shattered at the loss of her, one of


the great photographers of the world. She covered combat from


Bosnia to Afghanistan. The search for the missing Malaysian


Airlines goes underwater. High-tech listening devices are helping to try


to locate the flight recorders. Also coming up: Formula One star Michael


Schumacher show signs of consciousness after months spent in


a coma following a skiing accident. The world's most expensive Easter


egg - before it goes on public display, we will hear the remarkable


story of how the man who bought it for thousands and then sold it for


more than $30 million. Hello and welcome. Nearly 400,000


military personnel are out in force across Afghanistan in the run up to


tomorrow's elections because of course security is a major issue.


Earlier today Anja Niedringhaus, a German photojournalist working for


the Associated Press news agency was killed in the eastern city of Khost.


She had been travelling with a convoy carrying election workers


when an Afghan policeman opened fire on her vehicle. Another journalist


travelling with her was seriously wounded. Kathy Gannon is said to be


in a stable condition and then use was received in New York earlier


today. We are shattered at the news of the


death of Anja needing house, one of the greatest photographers in the


world. She covered combat from Bosnia to Afghanistan. A wonderful


human being. Much has been said about her joyful laugh which is what


most of us from member about her. She was a great cook, a good friend.


A big heart but they both kooky. -- tough cookie. They were the two


journalists in the world who spend more time than anyone else in the


world covering Afghanistan. For years they have been telling the


story of the people. It is with bitter irony that we learn they were


attacked today. Our chief international


correspondent Lyse Doucet is also in Afghanistan for the election. It is


a pivotal moment for Afghanistan because the elections will be


followed by the final phasing out of western combat troops. Lyse sent


this report from the strategic area of Parwan, not far from Kabul.


This is not the first time that foreign forces have left


Afghanistan. The Soviet Union used this major road to bring the troops


home in 1989. The highway runs very close to the base used by


international forces. We will be returning to the Valley throughout


the year. The snow has not yet melted on the mountains but there


are all the signs that spring has arrived in this valley. This year,


the greatest change is political. Election posters still plastered


walls here. In rural areas like this, many Afghans have always had


their own gardens. Some carry them with him. I have come to see this


man again and some neighbours have dropped by. These politicians have


spent millions of dollars on these elections, this man complains. They


do not know how we are. In the last two months since we met, you have


been -- you have become more pessimistic? The whole nation is


enthusiastic about these elections because people are tired of war and


poverty. We want change but we are not expecting change in our own


lives. Our readers will build palaces and we will suffer. -- our


leaders. On the other side of the valley, this lady has other matters


on her mind. Military aircraft roared overhead but she takes no


notice. This mother of six is involved in the local elections. It


is a family affair. She proudly wears the colours of the Afghan flag


and she spent the last two months meeting people in her community and


has left full of hope. I learned that people 's awareness is much


higher than it was five years ago. Women, young boys and girls and even


older people. I did not expect men to receive me so warmly. I even had


calls from farmers who wanted to know about the elections. It made me


feel so proud. This family also worries about security. Gunfire rang


out just before we arrived. There was a shooting the day before. In


the quiet of the day, she finds solace in Afghan poetry. Here, like


much of Afghanistan, most of them worried people harbour hope that


these elections can at last to bring peace and prosperity to this land.


Search teams have begun using underwater locators to hunt for the


black box of Malaysian Airlines flight MH370. It is a race against


time as the batteries which send out a signal are due to run out any day.


The plane which disappeared on March eight is believed to have crashed in


the southern Indian Ocean with 239 people on board.


After a fruitless month looking for the missing airliner, searchers have


begun listening for it as well. Beneath the waves. Two ships are


using special kit to try to hear distress signals from the plane's


back -- black boxes. They have their work cut out. The sea bed there is


like 4.5 kilometres deep. This is the kind of terrain that hides many


secrets. This is what investigators are after, the black box that should


solve this puzzle. It will tell us what the crew were saying on board.


This piece of American kit shaped like a stingray is called a towed


pinger locators but it is like an underwater microphone, chained to


hear signals from the black box locator. A Royal Navy submarine is


also common in the area, listening for the same things. They might get


lucky but it is a long shot. The battery runs out in a feuding and


they will be listening across an area the size of Britain. There is


other high-tech kit on stand-by. This vehicle swims up and down


mapping the sea bed. They will not stop -- they will not start using it


until they find a piece of the plane. They have the best tools


available but that does not mean it will work. They had the same


state-of-the-art technology five years ago to find the black boxes


from a French airliner that crashed into the Atlantic. For a month,


patrolled the area, listening for signals, about realising that even


went over the wreckage yet they heard nothing. The company that


helped find that plane told me why. In hindsight, it was revealed that


both fingers had failed. It is very similar to the situation we face now


with flight MH370. We have no information and it is an area 20


times the size of the previous flight. The search enters a new


phase but the reality is, if they don't find a clue soon, they may


never find the aircraft. Belgian police have used water


cannon to disperse protesters in Brussels. Protesters hurled oranges


at the police as they marched through the centre of Brussels


protesting against austerity policies backed by the European


Union. Many roads were closed causing traffic disruption. The US


Embassy went into a security lockdown.


An update now on the condition of Michael Schumacher will stop


according to his manager, he is showing some signs of


consciousness. He has been in a medically induced coma since


December when he had that skiing accident.


As though waiting for his family turned from days to weeks to months,


rumours about whether Formula one's most decorated driver would ever


recovered continues to fly. Today, a small but encouraging sign will stop


his manager said Michael is making progress on his way. He shows


moments of consciousness. Four days after Christmas, Michael


Schumacher skied off piste and hit a rock. He was taken to hospital in


critical condition and since then have been working to bring him out


of a medically induced coma. His friends are holding their breath.


Maybe it is too early for us to start celebrating anything but let


us hope he is in good hands and that he comes out of this medically


induced coma and hopefully with the effect is that we will know as


Michael Schumacher and let him live a positive life thereafter. Don't


want him to come back and ride this in cars, we just want him around.


Despite these encouraging signs, experts remain concerned about the


length of time he has been in hospital. From experience of


patients who have been in a medically induced coma for a long


period of time, I am cautious because the duration of the


medically induced coma is a good surrogate for the severity of the


underlying condition. Michael Schumacher won seven world titles in


total. Along the way, he claimed many Formula one records. Put


simply, he is one of the greatest riders of all time.


Medical teams dealing with the Ebola outbreak in West Africa are trying


to confirm whether the disease has spread to a new country, Mali.


Nearly 90 people have died in neighbouring Guinea and at least six


in Liberia. There are more suspected cases in Sierra Leone and Gambia.


With me is Dr Ben Newman, a virologist at Reading University. We


know that this virus is spread through human contact but tell us


what kind of contact is that? When you have the virus, you start to


feel ill and the symptoms are a lot like the flu. There will be


diarrhoea, muscle aches and vomiting. Cleaning up those bodily


fluids, this is one of the best ways to get infected. Once a person has


died, that person still remains very infectious and touching the corpse


is a good way to spread the disease as well. What about people on


crowded buses, can you pick it up like that? It is technically


possible. Do you think we can talk about this being an epidemic almost


because the outbreak has taken a deadly path? It has and it has


travelled much farther than Ebola has travelled before. It has always


been quite isolated in the past. How do you isolate somebody you know has


been infected? When do you know that they are infected? This is the


problem, it is such a slow virus. For I deadly killer, it takes two


weeks for you to know you are infected and to see the symptoms.


Bring that time, you could be spreading the virus to many people


potentially. We can also talk to the head of the world health


organisation's epidemic response team. This situation in Mali, can


you confirm there are cases of Ebola there? No, they are suspected cases


that have been reported and what we are doing right now is to ensure


that samples can be shipped to Guinea for confirmation. There is no


outbreak in Mali. Only suspected cases have been reported. Can I ask


you, from the World Health Organisation's point of view, and


you or the person leading that response team in West Africa, what


is your plan of action to try to contain the path of the Ebola virus?


What we are doing right now, we started first of all by trying to


increase the capacity of West African countries to have


laboratories to diagnose a bowler. -- diagnose Ebola. In terms of


coordination, WHO has been in contact with 20 international


experts from all over the world who are down there to provide the


technical support and guidance to respond to this outbreak. There are


experts in social mobilisation who are supporting national governments


and informing them about the disease. As we speak there are lots


of people going down there to ensure that the outbreak can be contained


quickly. Carry on. I want to point out the fact that all the necessary


prevention control measures are being put in place. We are trying to


closely work with the community. We are also closely working with


facilities to prevent transmission. With that type of actions, we are


hoping that we should be able to contain the outbreak. I would like


to ask you something. Medicins Sans Frontieres says the outbreak is


unprecedented in terms of the spread of cases. Are you looking at an


epidemic? Can the WHO say that is what this is? It is an epidemic of


Ebola, which is happening in Guinea and Liberia. Usually, Ebola


outbreaks in the past have been in remote areas. What the WHO are


trying to do right now is really to respond with an international team


of experts and provide mobile laboratories able to pick up cases


quickly. Dr Benido Impouma, from the WHO, thank you for joining us from


Congo-Brazzaville. Dr Ben Newman, the Ebola virus is deadly but


needn't kill? It needn't kill and we can predict with some certainty


whether it will kill or not. It is in your genetics. It is a lottery.


And when could we get a vaccine? There are experimental vaccines but


right now we do not know that any of them are safe to use in humans.


Thank you. Some of the other news: In India,


three men have been sentenced to death for the rape of able men in an


abandoned textile mill. They had already been convicted of an earlier


attack on another woman at exactly the same spot. They're the first to


be sentenced under tough new laws, introduced after the Delhi bus rape


in 2012. A Turkish court has overturned a ban


on YouTube that was imposed after the video-sharing website was used


to spread leaked audio files from a state security meeting. The Ankara


court ruling says a blanket ban of the social media website violated


human rights. It comes a day after the government was forced to comply


with a court ruling to unblock Twitter in Turkey.


Japan's biggest online retailer, Rakuten, has decided to stop selling


whale meat following Tokyo's decision to cancel its annual whale


hunt in the oceans off the Antarctic. Japan called off the hunt


after the International Court of Justice in The Hague said it was


illegal, in a case brought by Australia and New Zealand. Rakuten


has also announced that it will stop selling dolphin meat.


Now, there is good luck, and outrageously good fortune. A scrap


metal dealer in the American Midwest bought this egg for around ?8,000,


thinking he could sell it on or melt it down for gold. It was only after


reading an article that he discovered it was in fact an


imperial Faberge Easter egg, one of just 50, made for the Russian Royal


Family. It has just been sold to a private collector for ?20 million -


that's $33 million - and is soon to go on display in London. The


original article was written by Roya Nikkhah, and she has the story.


Alexander III had money and palaces in abundance but when he wanted to


give something truly unique to his empress, he turned to the most


sought after July of the day, Carl Faberge. And here it is, a lost


treasure, remarkably rediscovered, set with diamonds and sapphires, and


be sumptuous golden egg is among the rarest artworks in the world.


Faberge's eggs opened to contain a surprise. They became increasingly


elaborate as he honed his craft. Each is unique. Only 50 were ever


made. But the Russian Revolution of 1917 saw imperial treasures seized


by the new government. Later, many were sold to the West by the


Bolsheviks. So how rare is it to rediscover an imperial Faberge egg?


It is beyond breath. If you can say that. It is so unbelievable that


this has been discovered and saved. It is a time capsule that we will


never, ever see again. The egg was last seen in public in 1902 at an


exhibition of imperial Faberge treasures in Saint Petersburg. It


was not seen again until 1964, when it was auctioned in New York for


?875, but it was not identified as Faberge at the time. It reappeared


last year when the egg was bought by a scrap metal dealer at a flea


market in America's midwest. He paid just ?8,000 for it and kept it in


his kitchen. It was only when he opened up the eighth and found this


inscription inside, the name of the watchmaker, that he looked it up


online. He found an article about the hunt for missing Faberge eggs


and found that this lump of gold is worth ?20 million. This is the Julie


who verified the find as the third imperial Faberge egg. -- this is the


July. I felt like Indiana Jones. This is the thing that we search for


everyday. The man who discovered the ultimate golden egg wants to remain


anonymous. It will soon disappear into the vaults of a private


collector, and this historic peace may never -- this piece may never be


seen again. With me in the studio is Toby Faber,


the author of the book Faberge's Eggs. Just eight coincidence, your


name! Extraordinary story, isn't it? Do you think it is surprising


that such a beautiful, elaborate, albeit small piece just went


unnoticed? If you surprising but not unlikely. It is quite small. It is


not backed elaborate. There is nothing about it that makes it


personal to his original owners. Other eggs have pictures of the


palaces and their children. This one just happens to be vaguely egg


shaped. Very detailed work. I note he bought it just for the value of


the gold and the gems in it. But he would have thought that somebody


would have clocked that it is very beautifully crafted... Yes, we will


all be frequenting American flea markets, I think exhibition at it is


an amazing piece. Stunning. Tell us where this particular find... How it


sits with the rest of the Faberge... What is interesting about it is it


is very early. If you think about the eggs that we already know about,


we know about the very first one, which looks like a hen egg on the


outside. It is more elaborate open. The next one to survive comes from


five years later, 1890. From then on they are very elaborate. It has pink


enamel. So this is part of the progression. It shows gradual


increasing collaboration, probably Faberge himself getting more


autonomy as he is allowed to come up with his own ideas. And just tell


us, quick bit of history, why are Faberge eggs so desirable? They are


wonderful. So many things. There is a wonderful series of inventiveness


in the eggs that spans 30 years of different designs. There are


wonderful stories. There are stories of the individual eggs reflecting


what is going on in the lives of the stars, and after the revolution you


have the stories of the eggs being lost and rediscovered. You have this


thing about here are the rulers, separate from their people, living


their lives and commissioning these eggs. They represent the end of an


era. Are they all in private hands? After the revolution, of the 50


made, roughly 40 appeared in the Kremlin. Stalin sold many of. 30


were sold to the West and our current Queen has three. Bought by


her grandmother. There are several in American museums. And a Russian


oligarch has some. Another story related to art before we go.


The former US President George Bush has found the time to develop a new


passion since leaving the White House - he's become a painter. The


Take a look and see what you think. Here's Vladimir Putin. The


paintings, which are to be displayed at the Bush Presidential Library in


Texas, also feature the former British prime minister Tony Blair.


And Pakistan's former President, Pervez Musharraf, has also been been


captured on canvas. Mr Bush said the subjects of his portraits had all


earned his respect and admiration. And evidently, that includes himself


- the collection includes this self portrait.


Over the past 24 hours, we have seen a shift in wind direction and that


has meant an improvement in air quality. Tomorrow looking cloudy.


Some rain, although not everyone will see it. Light, patchy


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