22/04/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


Is the Geneva peace deal on Ukraine collapsing? Ukraine's president has


said he's relaunching what Kiev calls its "anti-terror" operation


against separatists in the east. The flash point is here - Sloviansk -


where funerals were held today for three pro-Russian activists, and


where Ukraine's president says one of his local politicians was today


found brutally tortured to death. One week on - more than 180 girls


still missing. We have the first pictures of the burnt-out school in


Northern Nigeria where they were snatched by the Islamist group Boko


Haram. And a special report on the militant threat throughout the


region. Also coming up: More bodies are


pulled from the stricken South Korean ferry, as it's revealed the


first distress call came not from the crew, but from a schoolboy on


board. And sacked after just ten months -


Manchester United removes David Moyes as manager after the club's


tenth defeat in 22 matches. Hello and welcome.


Brutal torture and murder - that's the accusation levelled within the


last hour by Ukraine's acting president, who says two bodies have


been discovered near the city of Sloviansk - the site of the fiercest


pro-Russian uprising in the east of the country. One of the bodies was


that of Vladimir Rybak, a local politician from the president's own


party. We'll have a live update for you from Ukraine, but first, our


correspondent Daniel Sandford in Sloviansk reports on what was


already a day of high emotion at the funerals of three pro-Russian men


shot dead at a checkpoint. The uncontrolled sorrow of a wife


mourning today in the most militant town in eastern Ukraine. Her husband


was one of three men shot by unknown gunmen while manning a rebel


checkpoint. The deaths have only further


increased the strong feelings and tensions in a region which has


already brutally exposed the rifts opening up in Ukraine. Rifts that


will get harder to breach each time blood is shed. The rebel gunmen are


accused by the new pro-Europe Ukraine Government of being backed


by a Russia determined to see them fail.


Today in Kiev, the US Vice President was giving the struggling prime


minister his very public support, though his words would have


antagonised Russia further. No nation should stoke instability


in its neighbour's country. We call on Russia to stop supporting men


hiding behind masks in unmarked uniforms, sowing unrest in eastern


Ukraine. But it is still not clear how much


influence Russia has on men, like the self-appointed mayor of


Sloviansk, fired up with hatred for the far-right activists of western


Ukraine. TRANSLATION: With the Nazis and


fascists we will have only one kind of dialogue. We will destroy them.


This is not a civil war yet. But as the number of deaths mounts on both


sides, the time to resolve the crisis is running out.


Let's get more for you on this dramatic statement from the acting


president of Ukraine. He appears to be determined to re-launch what Kiev


terms its anti-terrorist operation. The BBC's Natalia Antelava is in the


eastern city of Donetsk, and joins me now.


This statement by the acting president just came out. In it, he


calls on his Armed Forces to relaunch the anti-terrorist


operation that was taking place not very successfully, I must add, in


the eastern regions of Ukraine just before Easter. It is not a surprise


they are starting it again. We were always anticipating the relaunch,


but what is a surprise is the news that two bodies have been found in


Sloviansk. That is the most militarised town in the region.


These are the bodies of two men, one identified as local politician and


member of the President's party. In a statement, the president said that


both men had been brutally tortured. Thank you.


It's a week since 230 girls were snatched from their classroom in


broad daylight in Northern Nigeria. More than 180 are still missing.


We're bringing you the first pictures we have from the scene of


the attack - a school where the girls, aged between 16 and 18, were


preparing to sit their final exams. As you can see it was a violent


assault - there was a lot of damage done. The girls were abducted from


the Government Girls Secondary School in the town of Chibok in


Borno State - that's an hour's flight away from the capital Abuja.


It's thought they are being held by members of the Islamist group Boko


Haram in the Sambisa Forest. Boko Haram-related violence killed 1,500


in the first three months of this year alone. A state of emergency has


been declared but Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan last


visited the region more than a year ago.


The BBC's Nigeria Correspondent Will Ross is in Lagos with more.


As you say, a particularly brutal few months in the north-east of


Nigeria. This abduction of over 200 schoolgirls has caused an


extraordinary amount of shock throughout the country. Perhaps for


the first time, people are realising the level of violence and just how


vulnerable some of the communities are in the north-east. There have


been many attacks on schools in recent months, thousands of students


are unable to go to school now in the north-east. The region is in a


way heading backwards. As I have been finding out, the people of this


place are left just praying and fasting for news of missing


children. Another destroyed school in Nigeria.


This area is promoted and dangerous it to a whole week to get the first


pictures out. Many schools have been attacked by Islamist notes, but this


midnight raid was different. Gunmen forced all the female students out


of their dormitories and they were then torched. Insurgents are


believed to be from the group known as Boko Haram, and let girls onto


lorries. One girl said she at first mistook the attackers for people who


are going to protect them. We have had her identity.


We thought they were soldiers and they asked us to get on the vehicle.


We ran back home because they did not look innocent.


15 spoke to by phone and pleaded Boko Haram to show mercy. There is


nothing between us and them. I plead with Boko Haram to have mercy.


The Islamist extremists are believed to be holding the teenagers in the


vast forest in this region. Some of the parents of the missing girls


have searched the forest themselves, but found it too dangerous. Boko


Haram translates as western education is forbidden, and attacks


on Government schools have forced thousands of students home.


Christians and Muslims are all saying the same prayers, for the


girls to be set free. The Nigerian military last week said it was doing


all it could to locate and free the girls, who we believe are being held


by the Islamist militant group. Since last week, we have had no word


from the military or Government. Many people in that area, especially


the parents and relatives, are left praying and hoping for good news.


But they are folding their arms and saying there is nothing they can do


themselves, but they are calling on the Government to do more and on


Boko Haram to show mercy and released the girls.


It seemed the military had got the figures wrong in the first place. It


is hard for the families to have been in the military in that case,


is it not? There was a lot of confusion last


week over the number of girl that had been taken. That's partly


because this raid happened in the middle of the night, when the school


was only open for a few days for exams. It was not a regular term


time period of the educational system. But, yes, there was


confusion and some people thought the military were downplaying the


scale of the attack on purpose. At the moment, the focus is on how on


earth are those girls going to be freed. It is a difficult job for the


military. The forest is huge and covers about 100 kilometres across


from west to east. It will be difficult to locate them and even


harder to set them free. These are well armed Islamist militants


holding these girls. Thank you.


The reach of the radical Islamist group Boko Haram appears to be


spreading beyond Nigeria. The BBC has spoken to a local gang in


neighbouring Niger, which says it's collaborated with the group, in


return for money. Nigeria's neighbours have feared for


some time that the Boko Haram insurgency could spread. Thousands


of people have already fled violence in the country. Thomas Fessy, sent


this report from across the border in Diffa in southeastern Niger. In


the Sahara, there is little cover to take from a sandstorm. For this


village in Nigeria, the fourth attack by Boko Haram meant it was


time to leave. The border, the river between Niger and Nigeria. On either


side of it, people have enjoyed strong links for centuries, sharing


ethnicity and culture. Is your village over the? This man believes


the border will keep them safe for now. On Lake Chad, Nigerians are


fleeing by boat. The UN estimates 500 cross into Niger each week. This


man arrived last month with his family. TRANSLATION: I was going to


bed when we heard the first gunshots. As we ran to escape, your


little girl was shot as she fled her burning house. We counted 15 dead in


the streets. It is a growing refugee crisis but


without camps. Authorities argue they could become new targets, or


worse, recruitment centres for Boko Haram. Boko Haram have shown they


can hit the Nigerian state in different ways. Bomb attacks,


raiding villages, attacking schools and abducting children. For now,


Nigeria's neighbours are dealing with the consequences of this


violence. The prospect of the same violence billing over is becoming


more of a question of, not if, but when they may strike here.


Mitigating the threat means daily patrols along the border. Several


attacks have been foiled over the last months and dozens of men


expected to be linked to Boko Haram have been arrested. We have made


contact with a local gang, whose members claim they are collaborating


with Boko Haram. They agreed to talk to us but we cannot show their


faces. The gang members are in their early 20s and told us that five of


their group have joined Nigerian militants. Two have already been


killed. TRANSLATION: Some of our members are


with them now. We hear information. They come to us.


If they tell you to launch an attack, would you do it?


TRANSLATION: Yes. We are ready. That is why we are there.


Boko Haram, they say, have paid them $3000 to join their insurgency. It


is the cash they want, they have no interest in defending sharia law.


Drought and hunger have made communities in this area vulnerable.


Events have made unstable and this fragile state is now threatened by a


crisis next door, fuelled by poverty and neglect. Both conditions exist


here. Now a look at some of the day's


other news: A court in Russia has found the


opposition leader, Alexei Navalny, guilty of libel. Mr Navalny was


accused of referring to a local politician as a drug-addict on


Twitter. Mr Navalny - a critic of the Kremlin who stood for election


as mayor of Moscow last year - was fined about $8,000. He's already


under house arrest, accused in a separate case of embezzlement. Mr


Navalny has always insisted accusations against him are


politically motivated. The military in South Sudan says


it's engaged in heavy fighting with rebel forces in several parts of the


country. The United Nations has accused rebels loyal to the former


vice president Riek Machar of hundreds of ethnic killings last


week in the oil town of Bentiu. The rebels have denied involvement,


blaming retreating government forces.


A court in Egypt has been holding the latest hearing in its trial of


three journalists working for the Al Jazeera news channel. They're


accused of spreading false news and aiding the banned Muslim


Brotherhood. The prosecution has presented photos and news reports


which it says support its case. The journalists have now been held for


more than 100 days. In South Korea, 108 bodies have now


been recovered from the ferry that capsized last Wednesday. Nearly 200


- mainly schoolchildren - are still missing. Our correspondent Lucy


Williamson has been speaking to one of the survivors and sent this


report from the island of Jeju, the ferry's scheduled destination.


Day and night, they are bringing in the bodies. Each one precious, even


after life. But these new arrivals are too late to spark anticipation.


No miracles here now, just the joyless reunions of families with


their dead. This was where it was meant to end. South Korea 's holiday


island, Jeju. Its beaches and volcanoes a treat for teenagers


before their final school year. They never saw it. Just before 9am last


Wednesday, traffic controllers picked up the boat's distress call.


It was the second request for help that morning. Moments earlier, a boy


on board had called emergency services shouting, save us, we are


on a ship and I think it is sinking. Workers at the ferry company here on


shore were rushed in to the office, but there was little they could do.


One of them who was here that they told me he cannot even walk down the


street now without people blaming him. His colleagues on board, he


said, should have done more. This person was on board the ferry. A


truck driver who had made the same journey hundreds of times. He had


just had breakfast and had gone up on deck for a smoke. TRANSLATION:


All of a sudden, the ship tilted and started to sink. Containers fell


into the sea. I realised we were going to capsize. I was clinging on


to the handrail. I tried to save some of the students in the


cafeteria. They were sliding around on their knees. I threw them a fire


hose. The boat was tilting too much. Then the water started coming in. My


friend managed to save a six-year-old child who was trapped


inside. I think the parents and others inside were the heroes. They


were passing children to each other over their heads. The ship was


capsizing. All those people were swept away in the water. He is still


haunted by the students he could not save. They were all the same age as


my daughter, he said. The memories of them will not go away.


It's one of the biggest football clubs in the world, and one of the


best-known global brands, with millions of loyal fans. But, today,


Manchester United is in disarray. After ten months at the helm,


manager David Moyes has been sacked. It's been a very poor season for the


man who was personally chosen by the legendary manager Sir Alex Ferguson


to lead the club in July last year. By January, United had been knocked


out of the FA Cup after losing at home in the third round. And on


Sunday the Red Devils suffered its 11th Premier League defeat of the


season at Everton. Sunday's defeat means it's impossible for the club


to qualify for next season's Champions League - the first time


since 1995. Ryan Giggs will now take over as caretaker manager for the


final four games of the season. And what happens at the club next will


certainly be watched with great interest. The Reds have a total


following of 659 million adults worldwide.


Just ten months ago he was the chosen one, the hand-picked heir to


the Manchester United throne. But, for David Moyes, the Theatre of


Dreams has become the stuff of nightmares. Morales scores! Everton


two, Manchester United zero. Saturday's defeat at Everton was to


prove the final whistle. This morning, as his players arrived at


the training ground, Moyes was sacked. Manchester United has


announced that David Moyes has left the club, they said in a statement


on Twitter. But for the fans it's still sinking


in. I think it is a shame. He could've done with a bit more time.


But seventh is just not good enough. He didn't do as well as everybody


expected, for a club like Manchester United. They should have finished at


least in the top four. After Sir Alex Ferguson's retirement, this


would always be the toughest of acts to follow, but Moyes was his choice,


arriving with a plea for patience. When we have had bad times here, the


club has stood by me. All my staff stood by me, the players stood by


me. Your job now is to stand by our new manager. But Moyes could never


escape the shadow of his predecessor. He began badly with the


flop signing of Fellaini and was soon struggling on the pitch too.


The style was as stodgy as the results. Defeats to Liverpool and


Manchester City prompted an aerial protest last month, and now the


club's American owners have acted. The failure to qualify for the


riches of the Champions League perhaps the biggest concern. I think


it's largely driven by finances, the finances of not being in the


Champions League, and also driven by the finances of making sure that


when they enter the transfer market this summer they will be able to


spend a lot of money and trust the person they will give the money to


spend. So who will they turn to next? Among the favourites are


Holland coach, Louis van Gaal. But in the short term, they have asked


Ryan Giggs to take temporary charge. He already helps with coaching at


United, so could he be the long-term solution? He knows every player in


the last 25 years, and he's won more than any other player in the league.


Is there anybody more suitable for the job and knows more than him? He


knows how to do it himself. But now, United, who just a year ago were


celebrating the title, are in turmoil. Following this man was


often described as the impossible job, and for David Moyes, that is


exactly how it has proved. Jim White is the author of


Manchester United: The Biography and is a columnist with the Daily


Telegraph newspaper. He joins me from our studio in Oxford. Welcome


to the programme. So much analysis in the hours since we have heard


this, but where you think David Moyes went wrong? I think it went


wrong from the start. The first thing he did was to get rid of Alex


Ferguson's backroom staff and bringing his own guys over from


Everton. They were the people who ran Manchester United. They


understood the players and knew what they needed in training. They knew


how to motivate them. I think the new guys came in, the players took


one look at them and thought, what have you want? That was a position


they could never answer. You could see anybody would have failed to


shine in the wake of Alex Ferguson CHEERING AND APPLAUSE It was always


going to be hard. Is working space, the office if you like, is the


technical area. Then in ten foot letters opposite you is the name


Alex Ferguson. It was always going to be difficult. When you get to the


point where the players want you gone, you are toast? That is right.


You have to trust the players and they have to trust your. My


understanding is that things started to deteriorate around Christmas


time. You could see that on the pitch. Players who had won the title


the year before suddenly looked second rate. Of course this is not


just an English story or off the ball story, this is a global


business story. It is. That is principally why David Moyes was


sacked. The business requires a constant triumph on the pitch in


order to feed the huge number of global commercial partners it has


two keep bringing fans involved. All of those people demand constant


successful stop David Moyes did not provide that. He was gone. Is one of


the reasons to sack him that they didn't want him in charge of the


purse strings over the summer? That is right. I think he probably had a


clause in his contract which said if you don't qualify for the champions


league you are out. It was mathematically impossible to qualify


on Sunday. As you see, there is a huge rebuilding job to be done.


Someone has to come in and attract players to a club that will not be


in the champions league. They have to change that vicious cycle. It


will not be fun. Who do you think is likely to get the job? Who do the


players need? The romantic in me, the man who believes in the kind of


glory of football, would want Ryan takes to get the job. He has four


games in charge at the moment, he understands the club, he has been


there since he was a small boy. He absolutely gets what Manchester


United is about. But the club have said they will not offer him the


job. I think they will go for one of the big beasts of the game. If they


go for Louis van Hal, the most likely candidate, they will have an


equal problem similar to other big managers in the premiership. I don't


think anything could be one next year possibly the year after. I


think it will take very long to get out of this mess thank you for your


time and your insight. A reminder of our main news.


The Ukrainian president has said that the time has come for them to


relaunch their power in the east of the country. Joe Biden has said that


he fears the Geneva agreement could collapse.


That's all from the programme. Next the weather. From me and the rest of


the team, goodbye. We will find some spells of sunshine


developing tomorrow. One weather front will provide focus for


possibly longer spell of rain or slide its way into the south-west by


the morning, heading up into Northern Ireland as well. A bit of a


misty to Wednesday. Many central


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