23/04/2014 World News Today


23/04/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 23/04/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:10.

Could there be a new unity government for the Palestinian

:00:11.:00:14.

people? Rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas agree a deal, after

:00:15.:00:18.

a bitter seven year rift, and Israel responds by cancelling planned peace

:00:19.:00:24.

negotiations. US President Obama kicks off his

:00:25.:00:27.

Asia Tour in Tokyo seeking to reassure allies over their

:00:28.:00:33.

territorial disputes with China. Also coming up: As the Ukraine

:00:34.:00:38.

crisis prompts the deployment of US troops in Poland - Russia warns

:00:39.:00:41.

washington over its support for the government in Kiev.

:00:42.:00:46.

And... Brave New World, Come What May, Good Riddance - how our

:00:47.:00:48.

everyday language still channels Shakespeare 450 years after he was

:00:49.:00:50.

born. Hello and welcome. It was at this

:00:51.:01:11.

joint news conference that once rival Palestinian factions, Fatah

:01:12.:01:13.

and Hamas, announced the signing of an historic reconciliation deal. It

:01:14.:01:17.

comes after almost seven years of schism between the two factions -

:01:18.:01:20.

these pictures from 2007 of the military takeover by Hamas of the

:01:21.:01:24.

Gaza strip. Under the deal a unity government should be formed within

:01:25.:01:29.

five weeks. And that would be followed by elections in six months.

:01:30.:01:33.

It is not clear yet what will happen to Hamas's army and its weapons.

:01:34.:01:39.

Israel has already criticised the deal. Its prime minister Benjamin

:01:40.:01:44.

Netanyahu says the Palestinian Leader Mahmoud Abbas has chosen to

:01:45.:01:47.

talk peace with Hamas rather than with Israel. Yolande Knell reports.

:01:48.:01:56.

Ordinary Palestinians have long hoped for an end to the damaging

:01:57.:02:02.

split between the political leaders. Again the culture unity as a

:02:03.:02:06.

delegation arrived at the Gazza 's strip for talks. Reconciliation

:02:07.:02:11.

deals have been made before. But they were not implemented. Now these

:02:12.:02:15.

officials say they will be and that the rift between Fatah, the faction

:02:16.:02:27.

of the Alastair nearing a slim -- it is bit to tell the diaspora about

:02:28.:02:35.

the end of division. Israel's reaction is more negative.

:02:36.:02:39.

This announcement was made as peace talks with the Palestinians are

:02:40.:02:44.

close to Stalin. The meeting between negotiators was cancelled and Mr

:02:45.:02:48.

Abbasi was criticised. Instead of moving into peace with us, they want

:02:49.:02:53.

to move into peace with Hamas. He has to choose. You can have one but

:02:54.:03:06.

not the other. I hope he juices peace. So far he has not. Back in

:03:07.:03:09.

2007 in Gazza, it was this fierce fighting that enabled a mask to get

:03:10.:03:11.

control of the Palestinian territory. -- enabled Hamas. It left

:03:12.:03:19.

the Palestinian authority dominated by Fatah, in part control of the

:03:20.:03:27.

West Bank. They will no agree a new unity government within five weeks

:03:28.:03:31.

and plan for new elections in the six months to follow. But with the

:03:32.:03:36.

failure of previous efforts and Escher from Israel, the EEC Hamas as

:03:37.:03:42.

a terrorist group, there is caution and scepticism. We have an

:03:43.:03:51.

independent member of the Palestinian legislative Council who

:03:52.:03:56.

helped to negotiate today's agreement. Thank you for joining us

:03:57.:04:00.

today. Tell us more about how you got this deal together. I think we

:04:01.:04:08.

managed to put this deal together because all the parties have

:04:09.:04:14.

realised that all acetone -- Palestinian situation is at risk. It

:04:15.:04:20.

has become clear that Israel has no intention of achieving peace. He

:04:21.:04:28.

prepares to keep occupation and that is why be found it's our obligation

:04:29.:04:33.

to find a way to change the situation by unifying the

:04:34.:04:38.

Palestinians. For many years, we Palestinians were divided. We said

:04:39.:04:46.

we cannot make peace with the leader who does not represent all

:04:47.:04:49.

Palestinians. Now we have agreements with the governments. Mr Netanyahu

:04:50.:04:59.

has now said that either you are with us or Hamas. It will give us a

:05:00.:05:06.

much better chance for peace now because any agreement would now

:05:07.:05:12.

become part of what every Palestinian rights. It will open the

:05:13.:05:17.

road to get back what we have lost which is our democracy. Our right to

:05:18.:05:21.

have a legislative Council and Parliament, our right to have free

:05:22.:05:27.

and democratic elections, and our rights to have a Blu-ray list exist

:05:28.:05:31.

rather than 1-party rule in the West Bank and another 1-party rule in the

:05:32.:05:37.

Gaza Strip. The Israelis say that how can we be expected to negotiate

:05:38.:05:42.

with the party, Hamas, that denies our very existence. I think that

:05:43.:05:49.

Israel, first of all Israel does not have to negotiate with Hamas. They

:05:50.:05:55.

have to negotiate with Mr Bass. Israel for a very long time had said

:05:56.:06:04.

that Mr Ambassador is the preferred president for them. -- negotiator

:06:05.:06:08.

with them. They did not deliver peace there. For many years, 421

:06:09.:06:15.

years, we have had negotiations. Instead of achieving peace, have

:06:16.:06:20.

achieved only more settlements. It is very clear today that Mr

:06:21.:06:26.

Netanyahu's claim when he claims that he says it is a choice between

:06:27.:06:33.

peace and Hamas. It is a choice between peace or settlements, peace

:06:34.:06:38.

or continuation of the longest occupation in modern history. This

:06:39.:06:44.

agreement brings better conditions for a possibility of a lasting

:06:45.:06:48.

peace. With democracy we have better chances. As I have always said, the

:06:49.:06:54.

best chance of having a lasting peace is the one that comes into

:06:55.:07:01.

democracy. It may be today we have paved the road for bringing a new

:07:02.:07:07.

model for the Arab world. A model of participation, Pluto arises from --

:07:08.:07:16.

pluralise Asian, where people can participate in democratic elections.

:07:17.:07:29.

-- pluralise Asian. What makes you confident this time that it will

:07:30.:07:34.

work? There are many different reasons why this is different. First

:07:35.:07:42.

of all we are not talking about an implementation of an agreement that

:07:43.:07:46.

was concluded before. The fact that we managed to reach this new deal

:07:47.:07:51.

and 22 hours of talks was a great achievement. Nobody expected that.

:07:52.:07:57.

In my opinion, there is a strong well -- will to implement what was

:07:58.:08:02.

agreed on. Both parties realised today that the Palestinian public is

:08:03.:08:10.

very big. They are going to play a very high price if they proceed with

:08:11.:08:17.

this division. -- P. There is a high price politically for that. Everyone

:08:18.:08:21.

realises that their hopes of having an agreement with Israel without

:08:22.:08:26.

changing the balance of power is useless. Israel has rejected

:08:27.:08:30.

practically every possibility. They have made life horrible by their

:08:31.:08:40.

rejection and extreme actions. Now everybody realises that we cannot

:08:41.:08:45.

achieve ongoing freedom unless reunify. The most important one is

:08:46.:08:54.

the fact that both Fatah and Hamas realised today, they have been

:08:55.:08:57.

fighting over another ready without authority. And as it is still under

:08:58.:09:04.

occupation in Gaza. Before we fight for a Nokia vision under authority,

:09:05.:09:08.

we have to fight this and the -- free Arab country. -- free our

:09:09.:09:22.

country. Thank you very much. President Obama has begun his tour

:09:23.:09:25.

of East Asia with a state visit to Japan, the first by any US president

:09:26.:09:28.

in 18 years. And he's already assured Tokyo that

:09:29.:09:32.

the US will oppose any attempt by Beijing to undermine Japan's control

:09:33.:09:35.

over disputed islands in the East China Seas. Mr Obama will also visit

:09:36.:09:38.

South Korea, the Philippines and Malaysia although he won't be going

:09:39.:09:42.

to the country which is likely to dominate the agenda throughout,

:09:43.:09:44.

China. From Tokyo, Rupert Wingfield-Hayes sent us this report,

:09:45.:09:46.

which does contain flash photography.

:09:47.:09:51.

It's been 18 years since a US President walked off Air Force One

:09:52.:09:57.

on a state visit to Japan. In that time, the whole map of Asia has been

:09:58.:10:04.

transformed by the rise of China. Out in the Sea of Japan, the US

:10:05.:10:08.

Seventh Fleet, still the most powerful navy in Asia. Huge assault

:10:09.:10:12.

carriers like the USS Bonhomme Richard, still guarantee Japan's

:10:13.:10:19.

security. The US Navy has nine of of these monsters and another ten even

:10:20.:10:24.

larger super carriers. No other navy in the world has anything like this.

:10:25.:10:28.

American Navy power is still supreme for now. But just a few hundred

:10:29.:10:37.

miles over there, is China. This Chinese boat is deep inside Japanese

:10:38.:10:42.

waters and refusing to stop. China is becoming much more aggressive in

:10:43.:10:45.

asserting claims to Japanese controlled islands in the East China

:10:46.:10:51.

Sea. Japan is worried America may be going soft. There was a real

:10:52.:10:56.

possibility that the Americans might be entangled into an actual combat,

:10:57.:10:59.

simply because of this confrontation between China and Japan and about a

:11:00.:11:08.

certain few islands. And the Americans backed off. It's not about

:11:09.:11:13.

the size of the military capabilities which in the men's, of

:11:14.:11:23.

course. -- immense. It is the will of the Americans. America has 27,000

:11:24.:11:28.

Marines based in Japan. Their commander tells me they have both

:11:29.:11:31.

the will and the means. The message is that the US sticks by its allies.

:11:32.:11:36.

I landed on this beach 30 years ago as a young lieutenant. So this shows

:11:37.:11:39.

our staying power, the stregth of these alliances. It's exactly what

:11:40.:11:43.

Japan wants to hear, but they want to hear that now from the US

:11:44.:11:44.

commander-in-chief himself. James Schoff is a senior associate

:11:45.:11:56.

in the Asia Programme at The Carnegie Endowment for International

:11:57.:11:59.

Peace. He joins me from Washington. Thank you for being with us.

:12:00.:12:07.

Briefly, if you can, president -- President Obama is trying to tread

:12:08.:12:16.

the line between Japan and China as these disputes go over these

:12:17.:12:22.

islands. It is a discussion he will have to have when he is in Japan. He

:12:23.:12:29.

wants to make progress on the rebalanced Asia policy which is

:12:30.:12:32.

supposed to be more than just visiting countries more often and

:12:33.:12:37.

attending more meetings and building up of military capability in the

:12:38.:12:42.

region. It is about strengthening alliances to do more in the region,

:12:43.:12:48.

to expand trade, and to deal with regional crises in Asia, but to help

:12:49.:12:53.

out with things like Ukraine and Syria. The conversation he has to

:12:54.:12:57.

have is dealing with this reassurance question, the bilateral

:12:58.:13:03.

need that Japan has too feel that the United States is there and ready

:13:04.:13:08.

and willing to support it in this low-level confrontation that it is

:13:09.:13:12.

having with China over the islands and this I is China Sea. How

:13:13.:13:16.

dangerous do you judge that situation to be? I do not think the

:13:17.:13:22.

probability of confrontation is high. I think it is relatively low.

:13:23.:13:28.

That said, China's policy is to continue to send ships into the

:13:29.:13:33.

territorial waters around the islands to try and assert its own

:13:34.:13:36.

administrative control of those islands. It went on almost a hundred

:13:37.:13:41.

times last year. That compared to only two or three times a couple of

:13:42.:13:48.

years ago. So this is bringing Japanese and Chinese ships and

:13:49.:13:53.

planes into close proximity with the potential for an accident. In that

:13:54.:13:58.

case, if it clears up, the US as opposed to help back-up Japan and

:13:59.:14:01.

support it. The question is how would it do that? Would it bring

:14:02.:14:06.

ships up into the region or send planes into the area? Would it

:14:07.:14:11.

simply provides some reconnaissance support and political support? The

:14:12.:14:14.

US and Japan need to figure out or come to zombies agreement about how

:14:15.:14:20.

they would deal that. -- come to some basic agreement. To go back to

:14:21.:14:27.

the big picture, President Obama has made great play of becoming the

:14:28.:14:32.

Pacific president. How successful do you think he has been in that role?

:14:33.:14:38.

The policy has come under a lot of criticism. Some say it as big, or

:14:39.:14:45.

that his focus on domestic issues Dai Lewis and tension and resources

:14:46.:14:50.

to the rebalanced. -- Daewoo 's. He is beginning to have some success.

:14:51.:14:58.

The US is ready to play a large role in Asia. It is going to take time.

:14:59.:15:10.

Part of it is setting expectations properly. It is not an immediate

:15:11.:15:17.

expansion in Asia. I think it is reassurance, but it is also trying

:15:18.:15:21.

to build these partnerships that can build institutions and capacities in

:15:22.:15:27.

Asia so it can come together and deal more effectively with the

:15:28.:15:28.

challenges they face. Thank you. Rescue teams in South Korea are

:15:29.:15:46.

continuing to recover bodies from the submerged hull of the passenger

:15:47.:15:50.

ferry that capsized and sank last week. The official number of dead is

:15:51.:15:53.

now more than 150. Officials say they'll begin efforts to lift the

:15:54.:16:00.

vessel's hull on Thursday. A first contingent of US troops as arrived

:16:01.:16:03.

in Poland as Washington tries to reassure its NATO allies in the

:16:04.:16:06.

region following Roger's annexation of Crimea. More than 100 soldiers

:16:07.:16:16.

touched down in the west of the country. More are expected to

:16:17.:16:22.

follow. Tensions between Ukraine and Russia have ratcheted back up.

:16:23.:16:26.

Moscow is warning it will retaliate if the influence -- the interests of

:16:27.:16:31.

Russian speaking people there are threatened. Natalia Antelava is in

:16:32.:16:42.

eastern Ukraine and she has been gauging the mood among soldiers

:16:43.:16:46.

stationed there from Ukraine. We are driving along the Russian -

:16:47.:16:55.

Ukrainian border. Kiev has sent Ukrainian troops here. I hope we can

:16:56.:16:59.

find some Ukrainian soldiers and ask them what they think. Here it is,

:17:00.:17:04.

the evidence that Ukraine is building up troops on the border. We

:17:05.:17:10.

are 30 kilometres away from Russia. These soldiers have been here for

:17:11.:17:15.

almost two months. They now have plans to bring more troops in.

:17:16.:17:39.

This car has just pulled. Are volunteers from Lugansk. It is a

:17:40.:17:49.

city that is predominantly pro-Russian.

:17:50.:18:18.

So you do not want Vladimir Putin to protect you? No!

:18:19.:18:34.

He says they just got a green light from Kiev to set up this self

:18:35.:18:45.

defence Force in Lugansk. Volunteer brigades, basically. Not

:18:46.:18:51.

volunteers, sorry. They are apparently going to be paid. At a

:18:52.:18:56.

time when politicians say they have agreed groups here, we are learning

:18:57.:19:04.

that new armed groups are being created. Taking the food to the

:19:05.:19:05.

soldiers. Natalia Antelava. A look at some of

:19:06.:19:37.

the day's the news. The Turkish Prime Minister has offered the

:19:38.:19:39.

country's first ever formal condolences to Armenians for mass

:19:40.:19:42.

killings during the First World War. Recep Tayyip Erdogan made the

:19:43.:19:45.

statement on the eve of the anniversary of the start of the mass

:19:46.:19:49.

deportation of Armenians in 1915. Armenians have long said that up to

:19:50.:19:52.

1.5 million people were killed by the Ottoman Turks in what they

:19:53.:19:55.

consider to be genocide. Turkey disputes this.

:19:56.:19:57.

Mountain guide organisations in Nepal have denied that sherpas on

:19:58.:20:00.

Mount Everest have gone on strike. They had threatened a boycott unless

:20:01.:20:03.

they got more compensation, following the avalanche which killed

:20:04.:20:06.

16 sherpas five days ago. Nepal's tourism minister is expected to hold

:20:07.:20:09.

talks with sherpa spokesmen on Thursday. The brother of the Duchess

:20:10.:20:18.

of Cornwall has died after sustaining a serious head injury in

:20:19.:20:27.

a fall in New York. He was 62 and the chairman of the wildlife group,

:20:28.:20:36.

the elephant family. Former prime ministers Tony Blair has said

:20:37.:20:39.

radical Islam in the Middle East is the biggest threat to global

:20:40.:20:55.

security. -- former Prime Minister. Carnage in Syria, conflict in Egypt,

:20:56.:20:58.

instability in Libya. The Middle East, says Tony Blair, is too

:20:59.:21:01.

important for the West to give up on. Many still blame him and George

:21:02.:21:05.

Bush for the problems in the region. Today he called on Western leaders

:21:06.:21:10.

to engage more with the Arab world. The greatest security threat we face

:21:11.:21:19.

is Islamist extremism. It originates in the ideas created in the Middle

:21:20.:21:24.

East. It has been exported around the world. Into Africa, the Far

:21:25.:21:33.

East, Central Asia. Even back into our own countries. It is in the

:21:34.:21:37.

Middle East where the future of the relationship between politics and

:21:38.:21:39.

religion, politics and Islam, will be determined.

:21:40.:21:43.

Yet the baggage of Tony Blair's decision to join the Iraq invasion

:21:44.:21:49.

continues to haunt him. Many will not want to hear from a man they

:21:50.:21:52.

consider a war criminal, who has grown rich since leaving office. But

:21:53.:21:57.

he is controversially an international envoy to the Middle

:21:58.:22:02.

East. Governments do listen to him. On Syria, he said the West should

:22:03.:22:05.

have imposed no-fly zone is two years ago. On Egypt, he says the

:22:06.:22:10.

West should support its military-backed government. He

:22:11.:22:16.

called on Western leaders to fight Islamic extremism.

:22:17.:22:20.

Even if we have to have a very tough set of actions and dialogue on an

:22:21.:22:24.

issue like Ukraine, on this issue we should be prepared to cooperate.

:22:25.:22:30.

This is an issue where we have one common purpose and one common

:22:31.:22:34.

interest. Tony Blair's many detractors have

:22:35.:22:37.

been quick to dismiss his words, often without listening to them. The

:22:38.:22:42.

only thing they can agree on is that the Middle East matters. But for

:22:43.:22:47.

them he will always be the wrong messenger. Some breaking news on the

:22:48.:23:02.

mass -Fatah unity deal. The US State Department has said it is

:23:03.:23:05.

disappointed by the announcement, which could seriously complicate

:23:06.:23:11.

peace matters. That is what we are hearing from the US State Department

:23:12.:23:17.

now. It is difficult for Israel, it says, to negotiate with a government

:23:18.:23:20.

that does not believe in its right to exist. That in relation to the

:23:21.:23:28.

Palestinian internal pull -- piste. An international survey released to

:23:29.:23:31.

mark 450 years since William Shakespeare was born, has found that

:23:32.:23:34.

the playwright is regarded as the UK's greatest cultural icon - and

:23:35.:23:38.

this is part of the reason why. Look at these phrases, reminding us how

:23:39.:23:41.

much Shakespeare's language still inspires our words today. In the

:23:42.:23:44.

survey, 5,000 young adults were asked to name the person they

:23:45.:23:47.

associated with contemporary UK arts and culture. And from India to

:23:48.:23:51.

Brazil, to Germany to China, the bard beat them all. With me is

:23:52.:23:57.

Patrick Spottiswoode, director of Globe Education at Shakespeare's

:23:58.:24:04.

Globe Theatre in London. I bet you are not surprised by

:24:05.:24:13.

this? Probably more popular now than he has ever been. He has been

:24:14.:24:19.

translated into 90 languages. He has been translated into Esperanto and

:24:20.:24:23.

Klingon. His work continues to excite and amaze and amuse. The

:24:24.:24:29.

phrases we have picked out here. I was surprised by some money

:24:30.:24:33.

apparently modern phrases that are his? If you are ever lonely, it is

:24:34.:24:42.

down to Shakespeare. If I get tongue tied during this interview, it is

:24:43.:24:46.

down to Shakespeare. Shakespeare was the first person to describe

:24:47.:24:50.

audiences as groundlings. Tonight we will have more than a thousand

:24:51.:24:55.

groundlings watching a production of Hamlet. It is your job to captivate

:24:56.:25:04.

new generations, who encourages teenagers and young people around

:25:05.:25:10.

the world why Shakespeare is still relevant? Yes, we do -- we do that

:25:11.:25:16.

through play. He is a great psychologist, great writer. If you

:25:17.:25:22.

engaged with his words playfully, they do seem relevant. Do you

:25:23.:25:29.

sometimes have breakthrough moments. --? You may realise that people are

:25:30.:25:32.

there because they are brought along and then you see them get it. Yes, I

:25:33.:25:40.

have a wonderful episode last year when young boy was leaving the

:25:41.:25:43.

theatre saying that he didn't like Shakespeare, but he knew he was

:25:44.:25:49.

wrong. He met Shakespeare through play and not in a textbook. We talk

:25:50.:25:55.

about Shakespeare a lot. Does that push out though the opportunity to

:25:56.:26:01.

look at other playwrights whom iron is -- may inspire us? I think we are

:26:02.:26:08.

that assessed. With good reason. It is a healthy obsession to have. He

:26:09.:26:18.

doesn't push out other authors. It is up to educators to share other

:26:19.:26:24.

authors. Just think how many other art forms Shakespeare has inspired.

:26:25.:26:29.

Ballet, film, poetry. Even his words or his story -- stories continue to

:26:30.:26:36.

inspire it around the world in many languages and many more to come.

:26:37.:26:43.

Thank you so much. Thank you for being with us. Good night.

:26:44.:26:58.

Hello again. Some rain around at the moment. As that clears to the east,

:26:59.:27:04.

it will turn a misty and

:27:05.:27:05.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS