30/04/2014 World News Today


30/04/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 30/04/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:11.

Wherever you are in the world, resistance to antibiotics now poses

:00:12.:00:15.

a major threat to public health. That's the stark warning from the

:00:16.:00:17.

World Health Organisation which says the implications of this growing

:00:18.:00:22.

resistance are devastating. Iraq is voting in its first

:00:23.:00:24.

parliamentary election since American troops departed - but it's

:00:25.:00:28.

taking place with half a million people displaced by the fighting,

:00:29.:00:30.

and some areas beyond the government's control.

:00:31.:00:35.

Also coming up... After a prison execution by lethal execution in the

:00:36.:00:39.

US goes wrong the state of Oklahoma is to review how it carries out the

:00:40.:00:42.

death penalty. From the gangster grit of Mona Lisa

:00:43.:00:45.

to the cartoon caper Who Framed Roger Rabbit - we'll be remembering

:00:46.:00:49.

Bob Hoskins one of one of Britain's best loved actors who's died aged

:00:50.:00:50.

71. Hello and welcome. We start with a

:00:51.:01:26.

warning from the World Health Organisation that drug-resistant

:01:27.:01:29.

superbugs now pose a major global threat to our health. The WHO's new

:01:30.:01:32.

report warns of "devastating" implications unless "significant"

:01:33.:01:35.

action is urgently taken. Its study describes a 'post-antibiotic era' in

:01:36.:01:38.

which people could die from simple infections that have been treatable

:01:39.:01:41.

for decades. The WHO analysed information from 114 countries. It

:01:42.:01:47.

found that antibiotic resistance is happening now "in every region of

:01:48.:01:51.

the world". It focused on seven bacteria responsible for common

:01:52.:01:53.

serious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and blood infections. And

:01:54.:02:05.

it suggested that two key antibiotics are no longer working as

:02:06.:02:08.

they should. Here's our Global Health correspondent Tulip Mazumdar.

:02:09.:02:15.

Warnings in recent years about people around the world becoming

:02:16.:02:19.

resistant to antibiotics used to save hundreds of millions of lives.

:02:20.:02:24.

This is the first major global report saying it is already

:02:25.:02:28.

happening in many parts of the world. It concentrated on seven

:02:29.:02:36.

different bacteria responsible for things like pneumonia and blood

:02:37.:02:41.

infections. Reports suggest that two key antibiotics no longer work for

:02:42.:02:46.

half of the patients in several countries. This is a last resort

:02:47.:02:51.

drug used to treat people with life-threatening infections. In

:02:52.:02:57.

patients tested in Greece, more than 60% were resistant. In the UK there

:02:58.:03:04.

was a more rate of resistance, less than 1%. This is a global problem

:03:05.:03:09.

with people travelling around the world and passing on resistant forms

:03:10.:03:15.

of bacteria. The WHO says the world is headed for a post antibiotic

:03:16.:03:23.

error if action is not taking and the struct -- these diseases may

:03:24.:03:30.

once again killed. It is estimated 20,000 people die from

:03:31.:03:32.

drug-resistant infections every year in Europe alone. Joining me from the

:03:33.:03:39.

World Health Organisation's headquarters in Geneva is Dr Carmen

:03:40.:03:48.

Pessoa. She heads the anti-microbial resistance programme. It is not a

:03:49.:03:56.

new story that bacteria is becoming resistant, we have had the warning

:03:57.:04:02.

before but what is changing now? This report shows that for the first

:04:03.:04:12.

time in a comprehensive way, high levels of resistance has been

:04:13.:04:15.

identified in all parts of the world. Whenever it has been booked

:04:16.:04:22.

for, it has identified this high level. -- looked for. It is no more

:04:23.:04:31.

for the future order speculation, it is a fact. The resistance to last

:04:32.:04:42.

resort drug has been identified. Our some regions more susceptible than

:04:43.:04:47.

others, perhaps the more developed countries? This is an issue which

:04:48.:05:00.

concerns all countries. It is not a problem that is isolated to a single

:05:01.:05:07.

country. It concerns and has been identified in most parts of the

:05:08.:05:14.

world. It is an issue that requires action by all countries and in a

:05:15.:05:20.

concerted way. It is an issue that the entire planet has two face and

:05:21.:05:25.

address. What kind of actions matter most now? The good news about this

:05:26.:05:33.

is that the solutions are in our hands. Actions should be taken by

:05:34.:05:41.

all of us because we are all part of the solutions as well as the

:05:42.:05:49.

problem. It is about people using intime microbiology in a more

:05:50.:05:54.

sensible way. Patients should only take these drugs when needed and

:05:55.:05:59.

when prescribed by health care workers. It is about doctors

:06:00.:06:05.

prescribing only when needed. And also, applying infection prevention

:06:06.:06:14.

and control to avoid the further spread of these pathogens. It is

:06:15.:06:21.

also about policy makers in governments providing support to

:06:22.:06:27.

health care facilities to improve control conditions in hospitals as

:06:28.:06:34.

well as improving policies to support the development and

:06:35.:06:38.

production of new antibiotics. We all need to take action. Thank you

:06:39.:06:47.

very much for being with us. Iraq is holding its first

:06:48.:06:50.

parliamentary elections since the US pulled its troops out of the country

:06:51.:06:53.

three years ago. The vote is being held after some of the worst

:06:54.:06:56.

violence and unrest since 2008. There is heavy security at polling

:06:57.:06:59.

stations and in some areas outside government control, voting is simply

:07:00.:07:03.

not possible. But for those who can make a choice, the key decision is

:07:04.:07:06.

whether to give Prime Minister, Nouri-al-Maliki a third term in

:07:07.:07:09.

office. Quentin Sommerville reports from Baghdad.

:07:10.:07:20.

Politics in Iraq can be a matter of life and death. At this election

:07:21.:07:27.

rally last week, first one explosion and then watch the white van on the

:07:28.:07:38.

right. 33 were killed here. Militants targeting the Shi'ite

:07:39.:07:44.

coat. A grisly start to elections. -- Shi'ite crowd. West of Baghdad,

:07:45.:07:52.

we headed to the border under armed escort. This is the road to

:07:53.:07:56.

Fallujah, the city has fallen to Al-Qaeda inspired insurgents. Iraqi

:07:57.:08:05.

government control ends. This is as far as we can go. We are told it is

:08:06.:08:12.

not safe. This means large part of the province cannot vote which will

:08:13.:08:17.

further marginalise this in a community. Politics has been about

:08:18.:08:23.

exploiting sectarian division. The failures this election could make

:08:24.:08:27.

matters worse. The army is being outmatched by the insurgents so in

:08:28.:08:34.

an existence largely unseen nearly half a million have fled their

:08:35.:08:38.

homes. Few are willing to talk for a few of reprisals. But these women

:08:39.:08:44.

wanted their stories told. Their homes have become a battle ground.

:08:45.:08:51.

This woman told us the Fallujah how my day had been cursed by God. She

:08:52.:08:55.

said the government needed to help others. -- to help them. The Prime

:08:56.:09:06.

Minister is hoping for a third term. He is Shi'ite and foreign cine

:09:07.:09:13.

involvement in the rising violence. His main rivals says the world has

:09:14.:09:18.

forgotten Iraq. The shame is not just what is happening in Iraq, the

:09:19.:09:25.

shame is this is happening under the very eyes of the international

:09:26.:09:31.

community. We see a country which is systematically being destroyed. The

:09:32.:09:37.

Sunni militia are fighting alongside the Americans and helped turn the

:09:38.:09:40.

tide against Al-Qaeda during the war. This man kept fighting. The

:09:41.:09:53.

militants since it never venture. He told me, they killed my wife and the

:09:54.:10:01.

beheaded my son. The Americans back -- abandoned as but it is the

:10:02.:10:06.

government I blame, they gave us no support. How can I go on without my

:10:07.:10:14.

family. As the polls close this evening, Iraq stands as a rare

:10:15.:10:21.

saying, democracy in the Middle East but it is country in crisis and the

:10:22.:10:24.

sport might not be enough to deliver it from the brink. -- and this

:10:25.:10:31.

vault. To Nigeria now where demonstrators

:10:32.:10:35.

have been marching through the capital. More than 230 girls were

:10:36.:10:41.

abducted from their school in the south-east. This is a fairly small

:10:42.:10:50.

demonstration with a police south-east. This is a fairly small

:10:51.:10:55.

protection around them. The message is, bring back our girls alive. The

:10:56.:11:01.

idea is they will move to the National Assembly and present a

:11:02.:11:04.

letter they're calling on politicians and the military to do

:11:05.:11:08.

more to bring back the missing girls who were abducted more than two

:11:09.:11:12.

weeks ago. Let's hear from some of the people who have come out for the

:11:13.:11:17.

demonstration despite the rain. Our message today is that we need our

:11:18.:11:27.

girls. We need them allies. Mothers are crying, children are crying. We

:11:28.:11:35.

need them. In the United States, President

:11:36.:11:44.

Obama has said a botched execution in the United States has fallen

:11:45.:11:48.

short of standards required when the death penalty is carried out. The

:11:49.:11:54.

prisoner, Clayton Lockett, had been sentenced to death after shooting a

:11:55.:11:58.

nineteen year girl and watching two accomplices bury her alive. Prison

:11:59.:12:01.

officials say that he died of a heart attack more than forty minutes

:12:02.:12:04.

after he was given his first injection. Richard Lister reports.

:12:05.:12:07.

Clayton Lockett was convicted of shooting a 19-year-old woman and

:12:08.:12:09.

watching as his friends buried her alive. Last night he suffered his

:12:10.:12:13.

own gruesome death. His was to have been the first of two executions by

:12:14.:12:17.

lethal injection on the same evening at this Oklahoma prison, but

:12:18.:12:19.

something went badly wrong. After being strapped to the gurney a

:12:20.:12:26.

doctor injected him with a sedative. At 6:33pm he was declared

:12:27.:12:29.

unconscious and injected with two more drugs to end his life but at

:12:30.:12:33.

6.36 he began writhing on the gurney and trying to speak. At 6:39pm he

:12:34.:12:42.

was still lifting his shoulders and head of the gurney, grimacing,

:12:43.:12:53.

appeared to be in distress. A prison official had been expected to

:12:54.:12:56.

confirm his execution to waiting journalists but as time passed, it

:12:57.:13:02.

became clear there was a problem. I notified the Attorney General's

:13:03.:13:04.

office of my intent stop the execution and requested a stay of 14

:13:05.:13:08.

days for the second execution scheduled for this afternoon.

:13:09.:13:15.

Minutes later Clayton Lockett died of a massive heart attack. Lethal

:13:16.:13:19.

injection is now the most common method of execution in America.

:13:20.:13:27.

Sourcing the drugs has become difficult. The European Union banned

:13:28.:13:32.

the expert from -- there exporter. American drug companies demand

:13:33.:13:34.

anonymity. Lawyers lost a legal battle with the state to reveal its

:13:35.:13:37.

drug supplier. But Clayton Lockett's slow death has put the

:13:38.:13:41.

execution of Charles Warner on hold and may trigger lawsuits about

:13:42.:13:43.

whether lethal injections are humane Joshua Marquis is a District

:13:44.:13:46.

Attorney in Astoria, Oregon with a lot of practical experience as a

:13:47.:13:50.

lawyer in this field - he's both defended men facing the death

:13:51.:13:53.

penalty and more recently sought and obtained verdicts of capital

:13:54.:14:04.

punishment. Thank you for joining us. Looking at a case like this, how

:14:05.:14:09.

can it be argued that lethal injections are humane?

:14:10.:14:18.

I would note that the drugs that were attempting to be used in

:14:19.:14:32.

Oklahoma are to drugs that I would say I have administered these drugs

:14:33.:14:40.

as part of a O V. The idea that administering drugs that are used

:14:41.:14:44.

commonly in medical procedures as humane as a ridiculous argument. It

:14:45.:14:49.

is about the testing of the cocktail of drugs and this inmate? For many

:14:50.:14:55.

years there was a particular cocktail as it is referred to. The

:14:56.:15:06.

first is a sedative, the second freezes the person's breathing, and

:15:07.:15:11.

the last stopped their heart. If you have a cat or dog that is euthanised

:15:12.:15:18.

either in America or Britain, those are the drugs that will be used. The

:15:19.:15:24.

EU has cut off the drugs all states have been forced to come up with

:15:25.:15:29.

other drugs, as you say cocktails. They are combinations but we will

:15:30.:15:32.

not see the drugs that are being mixed offer various surgeries, they

:15:33.:15:40.

would be called cocktails. They are combinations of drugs to put the

:15:41.:15:44.

patient is comfortably as possible out of consciousness. That is what

:15:45.:15:47.

we are doing in respect of the fact that this man's victim did not die

:15:48.:15:54.

slowly or comfortably. He shot gun to her to death and then buried her

:15:55.:15:59.

while she was still alive. This case has made headlines around the world,

:16:00.:16:04.

but in the United States, is there much public concern about the

:16:05.:16:08.

prospect of our death row inmates suffering in this way? What is

:16:09.:16:14.

interesting is that in the United States there are 50 states, every

:16:15.:16:19.

state makes individually. 35 states have the death penalty. Roughly 60

:16:20.:16:26.

to 85% of Americans approve of the deathknell naughty -- death penalty

:16:27.:16:39.

in some degree. Thank you very much for joining us from the state of

:16:40.:16:48.

Oregon. Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:16:49.:16:55.

The International Monetary Fund says that Russia is "experiencing

:16:56.:16:57.

recession now" because of damage caused by the Ukraine crisis and

:16:58.:17:01.

western sanctions. It's led the IMF to significantly reduce Russia's

:17:02.:17:03.

economic growth forecast for this year as capital continues to leave

:17:04.:17:06.

the country. The economy is now forecast to grow by 0.2% - much

:17:07.:17:10.

lower than the initial forecast of 1.3%.

:17:11.:17:14.

Meanwhile the acting president of Ukraine says his Government is

:17:15.:17:17.

unable to contain the latest unrest in the east of the country.

:17:18.:17:20.

Oleksander Turchynov also said Ukraine was on "full combat alert"

:17:21.:17:23.

amid fears Russian troops could invade. Pro-Russian separatists have

:17:24.:17:25.

seized control of more official buildings including in Luhansk and

:17:26.:17:28.

Horlivka. Russia denies accusations its funding and orchestrating the

:17:29.:17:37.

unrest. An explosion at a train station in

:17:38.:17:41.

Urumqi in China's restive Xinjiang region has killed three people and

:17:42.:17:45.

injured at least seventy nine. -- 79. State media said at the blast

:17:46.:17:48.

was centred around some luggage and said the attackers also used knives.

:17:49.:17:51.

It comes as President Xi Jinping ended a tour to the region during

:17:52.:17:55.

which he said stability there was vital for the whole country. There

:17:56.:17:58.

are long standing tensions in Xinjiang the area where the Uighur

:17:59.:18:01.

Muslim population complain of repression under Chinese rule - an

:18:02.:18:14.

accusation Beijing denies. Police in the northern English city

:18:15.:18:17.

of Leeds have charged a 15-year-old boy with murder over the death of

:18:18.:18:20.

his teacher. Ann Maguire's death on Monday is thought to be the first

:18:21.:18:24.

time a teacher has ever been murdered inside a British classroom.

:18:25.:18:27.

The teenager can't be named for legal reasons and is due in court on

:18:28.:18:33.

Thursday. One of Britain's best loved

:18:34.:18:36.

character actors, Bob Hoskins, has died. He was 71 and had been

:18:37.:18:39.

suffering from pneumonia. His role in the movie Mona Lisa earned him an

:18:40.:18:43.

Oscar nomination. He also starred in The Long Good Friday, Who Framed

:18:44.:18:46.

Roger Rabbit and the television drama Pennies From Heaven. Hoskins

:18:47.:18:49.

retired from acting nearly two years ago after being diagnosed with

:18:50.:18:51.

Parkinson's Disease. David Sillito looks back at his life. Outside of

:18:52.:19:05.

church? You don't go crucifying people outside of church, especially

:19:06.:19:08.

on Good Friday! What's the matter, Harold? Eric's been blown up. In the

:19:09.:19:13.

Long Good Friday, Bob Hoskins played a gangster, Harold Shand. If you

:19:14.:19:16.

want to understand screen charisma, watch this scene. He didn't even

:19:17.:19:20.

need to talk, his face could do it all. He was a natural. Of course, a

:19:21.:19:24.

little guidance helps, and on this set he had some. I spent a lot of

:19:25.:19:29.

time with villains before the film actually went on. Then most of the

:19:30.:19:35.

gang in the film were real faces, you know. And if I was doing it

:19:36.:19:47.

wrong, they'd come up and whispher, "you wouldn't do that." "What would

:19:48.:19:51.

I do?" "I don't know, but, well you wouldn't do that." So I had to do it

:19:52.:19:55.

until they agreed it was all right. It is impossible to explain, it is

:19:56.:19:59.

not the sort of thing you can put into words. Bob Hoskins's

:20:00.:20:02.

breakthrough had been the TV series Pennies From Heaven. # Yes, yes. #

:20:03.:20:09.

My baby said yes, yes. # I am glad she said yes, yes. # Instead of no,

:20:10.:20:16.

no. # His biggest television role before this had been a public

:20:17.:20:19.

information series teaching adult literacy. I'm going to feel a real

:20:20.:20:24.

mug, sitting amongst a bunch of strangers. If you cannot read or

:20:25.:20:30.

write, it is not something you want every to know about, is it? He

:20:31.:20:33.

himself was dyslexic. He had left school at 15 and in his 20s

:20:34.:20:37.

accompanied a friend to an audition. Yeah, I was in the bar at the Unity

:20:38.:20:41.

Theatre and a fella said, "you're next." "Oh, am I?" I'd a few of them

:20:42.:20:47.

and I thought, "All right, where are we going?" Action! Before he knew

:20:48.:20:51.

it, he had done reading, landed the lead and he was never out of work

:20:52.:20:55.

again. Told you I was cheap, didn't I? In Mona Lisa, he was again a

:20:56.:21:03.

villain and winning awards. His co-star was Cathy Tyson. I'd say to

:21:04.:21:10.

him, "Have you ever loved someone?" And he says "all the time", and he

:21:11.:21:13.

was really upset because my character does not love him. We did

:21:14.:21:17.

that again and he said, I think you can to do that again, cann't you?

:21:18.:21:21.

And we did. And then all this emotion came from me. That was a

:21:22.:21:25.

turning point for me and my acting career. He described himself as an

:21:26.:21:28.

educated, five feet six inches with a face that looked like a squash

:21:29.:21:32.

cabbage, but he was soon getting the big roles in Hollywood, again

:21:33.:21:35.

playing the tough guy, this time though he was tussling with a

:21:36.:21:43.

rabbit. I do. You don't. I do. You don't. Listen, when I say I do, that

:21:44.:21:49.

means I do. What do you mean nothing? I mean nothing, Denny. He

:21:50.:21:57.

appeared in more than 80 films. One notable co-star today, Michael Caine

:21:58.:22:00.

said described him as one of the nicest and best actors he had worked

:22:01.:22:04.

with. Take a picture, climb a drainpipe, find out. Ratty, why

:22:05.:22:07.

didn't you say it was you? Come inside, bring your friend. Bob

:22:08.:22:12.

Hoskins announced his retirement in 2012 after being diagnosed with

:22:13.:22:16.

Parkinson's disease. But what a career. He pretended it was luck.

:22:17.:22:22.

But from that first reading it was obvious that they had spotted the

:22:23.:22:31.

Hoskins charisma. Let's get you sorted. Bob Hoskins

:22:32.:22:44.

who died today. Ten years ago - this Thursday - Latvia became one of

:22:45.:22:47.

eight former communist countries to join the European Union.

:22:48.:22:50.

Next month, its citizens will join in the latest round of European

:22:51.:22:53.

parliament elections. The BBC's Joe Lynam takes a look at what the

:22:54.:22:56.

experience of EU membership has been like for one of its smallest

:22:57.:22:58.

members. Barely 25 years ago Riga's Hanseatic

:22:59.:23:02.

beauty beauty was hidden behind the Soviet Union's iron embrace. 15

:23:03.:23:05.

years later it willingly and joined a bigger union, the European union.

:23:06.:23:08.

So has membership left a sweet taste for Latvia? Take this family run

:23:09.:23:11.

biscuit factory. It has boomed since the EU became its main market

:23:12.:23:14.

instead of Russia, producing 10,000 biscuits a day. Ten years ago we had

:23:15.:23:20.

employed 25 people. Now we are employing 80. Our turnover has

:23:21.:23:24.

increased by 80%. Instead of having one country for export, we have 18,

:23:25.:23:28.

so we have increased our production tenfold. Tiny Latvia only has two

:23:29.:23:38.

million people and since joining has received 4.3 billion euros from the

:23:39.:23:42.

EU to spend on roads, schools and modernising homes. Over the last

:23:43.:23:46.

decade, Latvia's GDP has almost trebled and it is now the

:23:47.:23:51.

fastest-growing economy in Europe. Not everyone is happy. Yannis is an

:23:52.:23:56.

arable farmer who voted no to EU membership. And despite having

:23:57.:23:58.

received over 400,000 euros in grants, he still thinks the EU has

:23:59.:24:05.

been bad for the country. We have to accept the rules of the EU

:24:06.:24:08.

agriculture policy game and they are not the same as the ones we had in

:24:09.:24:13.

the first independence in 1980. Then we had carefully developed Latvian

:24:14.:24:16.

agricultural policy and we were one of the best at exporting

:24:17.:24:20.

agricultural products. Currently we are losing because of the

:24:21.:24:23.

agriculture policy of the European Union. When Latvia joined the

:24:24.:24:26.

European Union ten years ago, it Union. When Latvia joined the

:24:27.:24:29.

the four this country in it. Union. When Latvia joined the

:24:30.:24:31.

poorest. Ten years later it is still Union. When Latvia joined the

:24:32.:24:35.

one of the poorest, but incomes have risen by over 50%, despite a

:24:36.:24:38.

terrible recession. The challenge for Latvia is to keep the momentum

:24:39.:24:41.

going and have finally reach the European norm. The impact of the EU

:24:42.:24:46.

depends on the generation. For the older generation that grew up in the

:24:47.:24:50.

Soviet period, that is their childhood and that is what they

:24:51.:24:53.

remember. They still feel distant from what is going on in the West.

:24:54.:24:57.

But for my kids, they go there for education, some of their friends

:24:58.:25:00.

live there, some of their friends study there, that is home to them

:25:01.:25:10.

much more than anything here. To show their closeness, it is the City

:25:11.:25:17.

of Culture. Latvia have always punched above their weight in the

:25:18.:25:18.

arts. Not least this opera singer. I can hardly believe I am telling

:25:19.:25:41.

you this. Our final item is the casing of a pig. An act that has

:25:42.:25:52.

aroused debate. He kissed the animal in front of his primary school

:25:53.:25:55.

pupils to keep a promise to them. He made a promise in March to keep them

:25:56.:26:03.

from stopping letter. There is a lesson for you. - litter. A reminder

:26:04.:26:13.

of our main news: The World Health Organisation has warned that

:26:14.:26:16.

resistance to antibiotics poses a major global threat to public

:26:17.:26:17.

health. It says the world is heading towards

:26:18.:26:21.

an era when people could once again die from common infections and minor

:26:22.:26:24.

injuries because some of the key drugs no longer work. It blames the

:26:25.:26:27.

over-prescription and misuse of antibiotics for accelerating the

:26:28.:26:34.

spread of superbugs. This is a report that came after an

:26:35.:26:39.

investigation in 140 countries. Next is the weather. From me and the rest

:26:40.:26:44.

of the team that World News Today, thank you for watching.

:26:45.:26:55.

Hello once again. It looks as if there is the really is going to be

:26:56.:27:05.

one of those days, really cloudy to start off the day and some pulses of

:27:06.:27:09.

wet weather. Not only

:27:10.:27:11.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS