30/04/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


Wherever you are in the world, resistance to antibiotics now poses


a major threat to public health. That's the stark warning from the


World Health Organisation which says the implications of this growing


resistance are devastating. Iraq is voting in its first


parliamentary election since American troops departed - but it's


taking place with half a million people displaced by the fighting,


and some areas beyond the government's control.


Also coming up... After a prison execution by lethal execution in the


US goes wrong the state of Oklahoma is to review how it carries out the


death penalty. From the gangster grit of Mona Lisa


to the cartoon caper Who Framed Roger Rabbit - we'll be remembering


Bob Hoskins one of one of Britain's best loved actors who's died aged


71. Hello and welcome. We start with a


warning from the World Health Organisation that drug-resistant


superbugs now pose a major global threat to our health. The WHO's new


report warns of "devastating" implications unless "significant"


action is urgently taken. Its study describes a 'post-antibiotic era' in


which people could die from simple infections that have been treatable


for decades. The WHO analysed information from 114 countries. It


found that antibiotic resistance is happening now "in every region of


the world". It focused on seven bacteria responsible for common


serious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and blood infections. And


it suggested that two key antibiotics are no longer working as


they should. Here's our Global Health correspondent Tulip Mazumdar.


Warnings in recent years about people around the world becoming


resistant to antibiotics used to save hundreds of millions of lives.


This is the first major global report saying it is already


happening in many parts of the world. It concentrated on seven


different bacteria responsible for things like pneumonia and blood


infections. Reports suggest that two key antibiotics no longer work for


half of the patients in several countries. This is a last resort


drug used to treat people with life-threatening infections. In


patients tested in Greece, more than 60% were resistant. In the UK there


was a more rate of resistance, less than 1%. This is a global problem


with people travelling around the world and passing on resistant forms


of bacteria. The WHO says the world is headed for a post antibiotic


error if action is not taking and the struct -- these diseases may


once again killed. It is estimated 20,000 people die from


drug-resistant infections every year in Europe alone. Joining me from the


World Health Organisation's headquarters in Geneva is Dr Carmen


Pessoa. She heads the anti-microbial resistance programme. It is not a


new story that bacteria is becoming resistant, we have had the warning


before but what is changing now? This report shows that for the first


time in a comprehensive way, high levels of resistance has been


identified in all parts of the world. Whenever it has been booked


for, it has identified this high level. -- looked for. It is no more


for the future order speculation, it is a fact. The resistance to last


resort drug has been identified. Our some regions more susceptible than


others, perhaps the more developed countries? This is an issue which


concerns all countries. It is not a problem that is isolated to a single


country. It concerns and has been identified in most parts of the


world. It is an issue that requires action by all countries and in a


concerted way. It is an issue that the entire planet has two face and


address. What kind of actions matter most now? The good news about this


is that the solutions are in our hands. Actions should be taken by


all of us because we are all part of the solutions as well as the


problem. It is about people using intime microbiology in a more


sensible way. Patients should only take these drugs when needed and


when prescribed by health care workers. It is about doctors


prescribing only when needed. And also, applying infection prevention


and control to avoid the further spread of these pathogens. It is


also about policy makers in governments providing support to


health care facilities to improve control conditions in hospitals as


well as improving policies to support the development and


production of new antibiotics. We all need to take action. Thank you


very much for being with us. Iraq is holding its first


parliamentary elections since the US pulled its troops out of the country


three years ago. The vote is being held after some of the worst


violence and unrest since 2008. There is heavy security at polling


stations and in some areas outside government control, voting is simply


not possible. But for those who can make a choice, the key decision is


whether to give Prime Minister, Nouri-al-Maliki a third term in


office. Quentin Sommerville reports from Baghdad.


Politics in Iraq can be a matter of life and death. At this election


rally last week, first one explosion and then watch the white van on the


right. 33 were killed here. Militants targeting the Shi'ite


coat. A grisly start to elections. -- Shi'ite crowd. West of Baghdad,


we headed to the border under armed escort. This is the road to


Fallujah, the city has fallen to Al-Qaeda inspired insurgents. Iraqi


government control ends. This is as far as we can go. We are told it is


not safe. This means large part of the province cannot vote which will


further marginalise this in a community. Politics has been about


exploiting sectarian division. The failures this election could make


matters worse. The army is being outmatched by the insurgents so in


an existence largely unseen nearly half a million have fled their


homes. Few are willing to talk for a few of reprisals. But these women


wanted their stories told. Their homes have become a battle ground.


This woman told us the Fallujah how my day had been cursed by God. She


said the government needed to help others. -- to help them. The Prime


Minister is hoping for a third term. He is Shi'ite and foreign cine


involvement in the rising violence. His main rivals says the world has


forgotten Iraq. The shame is not just what is happening in Iraq, the


shame is this is happening under the very eyes of the international


community. We see a country which is systematically being destroyed. The


Sunni militia are fighting alongside the Americans and helped turn the


tide against Al-Qaeda during the war. This man kept fighting. The


militants since it never venture. He told me, they killed my wife and the


beheaded my son. The Americans back -- abandoned as but it is the


government I blame, they gave us no support. How can I go on without my


family. As the polls close this evening, Iraq stands as a rare


saying, democracy in the Middle East but it is country in crisis and the


sport might not be enough to deliver it from the brink. -- and this


vault. To Nigeria now where demonstrators


have been marching through the capital. More than 230 girls were


abducted from their school in the south-east. This is a fairly small


demonstration with a police south-east. This is a fairly small


protection around them. The message is, bring back our girls alive. The


idea is they will move to the National Assembly and present a


letter they're calling on politicians and the military to do


more to bring back the missing girls who were abducted more than two


weeks ago. Let's hear from some of the people who have come out for the


demonstration despite the rain. Our message today is that we need our


girls. We need them allies. Mothers are crying, children are crying. We


need them. In the United States, President


Obama has said a botched execution in the United States has fallen


short of standards required when the death penalty is carried out. The


prisoner, Clayton Lockett, had been sentenced to death after shooting a


nineteen year girl and watching two accomplices bury her alive. Prison


officials say that he died of a heart attack more than forty minutes


after he was given his first injection. Richard Lister reports.


Clayton Lockett was convicted of shooting a 19-year-old woman and


watching as his friends buried her alive. Last night he suffered his


own gruesome death. His was to have been the first of two executions by


lethal injection on the same evening at this Oklahoma prison, but


something went badly wrong. After being strapped to the gurney a


doctor injected him with a sedative. At 6:33pm he was declared


unconscious and injected with two more drugs to end his life but at


6.36 he began writhing on the gurney and trying to speak. At 6:39pm he


was still lifting his shoulders and head of the gurney, grimacing,


appeared to be in distress. A prison official had been expected to


confirm his execution to waiting journalists but as time passed, it


became clear there was a problem. I notified the Attorney General's


office of my intent stop the execution and requested a stay of 14


days for the second execution scheduled for this afternoon.


Minutes later Clayton Lockett died of a massive heart attack. Lethal


injection is now the most common method of execution in America.


Sourcing the drugs has become difficult. The European Union banned


the expert from -- there exporter. American drug companies demand


anonymity. Lawyers lost a legal battle with the state to reveal its


drug supplier. But Clayton Lockett's slow death has put the


execution of Charles Warner on hold and may trigger lawsuits about


whether lethal injections are humane Joshua Marquis is a District


Attorney in Astoria, Oregon with a lot of practical experience as a


lawyer in this field - he's both defended men facing the death


penalty and more recently sought and obtained verdicts of capital


punishment. Thank you for joining us. Looking at a case like this, how


can it be argued that lethal injections are humane?


I would note that the drugs that were attempting to be used in


Oklahoma are to drugs that I would say I have administered these drugs


as part of a O V. The idea that administering drugs that are used


commonly in medical procedures as humane as a ridiculous argument. It


is about the testing of the cocktail of drugs and this inmate? For many


years there was a particular cocktail as it is referred to. The


first is a sedative, the second freezes the person's breathing, and


the last stopped their heart. If you have a cat or dog that is euthanised


either in America or Britain, those are the drugs that will be used. The


EU has cut off the drugs all states have been forced to come up with


other drugs, as you say cocktails. They are combinations but we will


not see the drugs that are being mixed offer various surgeries, they


would be called cocktails. They are combinations of drugs to put the


patient is comfortably as possible out of consciousness. That is what


we are doing in respect of the fact that this man's victim did not die


slowly or comfortably. He shot gun to her to death and then buried her


while she was still alive. This case has made headlines around the world,


but in the United States, is there much public concern about the


prospect of our death row inmates suffering in this way? What is


interesting is that in the United States there are 50 states, every


state makes individually. 35 states have the death penalty. Roughly 60


to 85% of Americans approve of the deathknell naughty -- death penalty


in some degree. Thank you very much for joining us from the state of


Oregon. Now a look at some of the day's other news.


The International Monetary Fund says that Russia is "experiencing


recession now" because of damage caused by the Ukraine crisis and


western sanctions. It's led the IMF to significantly reduce Russia's


economic growth forecast for this year as capital continues to leave


the country. The economy is now forecast to grow by 0.2% - much


lower than the initial forecast of 1.3%.


Meanwhile the acting president of Ukraine says his Government is


unable to contain the latest unrest in the east of the country.


Oleksander Turchynov also said Ukraine was on "full combat alert"


amid fears Russian troops could invade. Pro-Russian separatists have


seized control of more official buildings including in Luhansk and


Horlivka. Russia denies accusations its funding and orchestrating the


unrest. An explosion at a train station in


Urumqi in China's restive Xinjiang region has killed three people and


injured at least seventy nine. -- 79. State media said at the blast


was centred around some luggage and said the attackers also used knives.


It comes as President Xi Jinping ended a tour to the region during


which he said stability there was vital for the whole country. There


are long standing tensions in Xinjiang the area where the Uighur


Muslim population complain of repression under Chinese rule - an


accusation Beijing denies. Police in the northern English city


of Leeds have charged a 15-year-old boy with murder over the death of


his teacher. Ann Maguire's death on Monday is thought to be the first


time a teacher has ever been murdered inside a British classroom.


The teenager can't be named for legal reasons and is due in court on


Thursday. One of Britain's best loved


character actors, Bob Hoskins, has died. He was 71 and had been


suffering from pneumonia. His role in the movie Mona Lisa earned him an


Oscar nomination. He also starred in The Long Good Friday, Who Framed


Roger Rabbit and the television drama Pennies From Heaven. Hoskins


retired from acting nearly two years ago after being diagnosed with


Parkinson's Disease. David Sillito looks back at his life. Outside of


church? You don't go crucifying people outside of church, especially


on Good Friday! What's the matter, Harold? Eric's been blown up. In the


Long Good Friday, Bob Hoskins played a gangster, Harold Shand. If you


want to understand screen charisma, watch this scene. He didn't even


need to talk, his face could do it all. He was a natural. Of course, a


little guidance helps, and on this set he had some. I spent a lot of


time with villains before the film actually went on. Then most of the


gang in the film were real faces, you know. And if I was doing it


wrong, they'd come up and whispher, "you wouldn't do that." "What would


I do?" "I don't know, but, well you wouldn't do that." So I had to do it


until they agreed it was all right. It is impossible to explain, it is


not the sort of thing you can put into words. Bob Hoskins's


breakthrough had been the TV series Pennies From Heaven. # Yes, yes. #


My baby said yes, yes. # I am glad she said yes, yes. # Instead of no,


no. # His biggest television role before this had been a public


information series teaching adult literacy. I'm going to feel a real


mug, sitting amongst a bunch of strangers. If you cannot read or


write, it is not something you want every to know about, is it? He


himself was dyslexic. He had left school at 15 and in his 20s


accompanied a friend to an audition. Yeah, I was in the bar at the Unity


Theatre and a fella said, "you're next." "Oh, am I?" I'd a few of them


and I thought, "All right, where are we going?" Action! Before he knew


it, he had done reading, landed the lead and he was never out of work


again. Told you I was cheap, didn't I? In Mona Lisa, he was again a


villain and winning awards. His co-star was Cathy Tyson. I'd say to


him, "Have you ever loved someone?" And he says "all the time", and he


was really upset because my character does not love him. We did


that again and he said, I think you can to do that again, cann't you?


And we did. And then all this emotion came from me. That was a


turning point for me and my acting career. He described himself as an


educated, five feet six inches with a face that looked like a squash


cabbage, but he was soon getting the big roles in Hollywood, again


playing the tough guy, this time though he was tussling with a


rabbit. I do. You don't. I do. You don't. Listen, when I say I do, that


means I do. What do you mean nothing? I mean nothing, Denny. He


appeared in more than 80 films. One notable co-star today, Michael Caine


said described him as one of the nicest and best actors he had worked


with. Take a picture, climb a drainpipe, find out. Ratty, why


didn't you say it was you? Come inside, bring your friend. Bob


Hoskins announced his retirement in 2012 after being diagnosed with


Parkinson's disease. But what a career. He pretended it was luck.


But from that first reading it was obvious that they had spotted the


Hoskins charisma. Let's get you sorted. Bob Hoskins


who died today. Ten years ago - this Thursday - Latvia became one of


eight former communist countries to join the European Union.


Next month, its citizens will join in the latest round of European


parliament elections. The BBC's Joe Lynam takes a look at what the


experience of EU membership has been like for one of its smallest


members. Barely 25 years ago Riga's Hanseatic


beauty beauty was hidden behind the Soviet Union's iron embrace. 15


years later it willingly and joined a bigger union, the European union.


So has membership left a sweet taste for Latvia? Take this family run


biscuit factory. It has boomed since the EU became its main market


instead of Russia, producing 10,000 biscuits a day. Ten years ago we had


employed 25 people. Now we are employing 80. Our turnover has


increased by 80%. Instead of having one country for export, we have 18,


so we have increased our production tenfold. Tiny Latvia only has two


million people and since joining has received 4.3 billion euros from the


EU to spend on roads, schools and modernising homes. Over the last


decade, Latvia's GDP has almost trebled and it is now the


fastest-growing economy in Europe. Not everyone is happy. Yannis is an


arable farmer who voted no to EU membership. And despite having


received over 400,000 euros in grants, he still thinks the EU has


been bad for the country. We have to accept the rules of the EU


agriculture policy game and they are not the same as the ones we had in


the first independence in 1980. Then we had carefully developed Latvian


agricultural policy and we were one of the best at exporting


agricultural products. Currently we are losing because of the


agriculture policy of the European Union. When Latvia joined the


European Union ten years ago, it Union. When Latvia joined the


the four this country in it. Union. When Latvia joined the


poorest. Ten years later it is still Union. When Latvia joined the


one of the poorest, but incomes have risen by over 50%, despite a


terrible recession. The challenge for Latvia is to keep the momentum


going and have finally reach the European norm. The impact of the EU


depends on the generation. For the older generation that grew up in the


Soviet period, that is their childhood and that is what they


remember. They still feel distant from what is going on in the West.


But for my kids, they go there for education, some of their friends


live there, some of their friends study there, that is home to them


much more than anything here. To show their closeness, it is the City


of Culture. Latvia have always punched above their weight in the


arts. Not least this opera singer. I can hardly believe I am telling


you this. Our final item is the casing of a pig. An act that has


aroused debate. He kissed the animal in front of his primary school


pupils to keep a promise to them. He made a promise in March to keep them


from stopping letter. There is a lesson for you. - litter. A reminder


of our main news: The World Health Organisation has warned that


resistance to antibiotics poses a major global threat to public


health. It says the world is heading towards


an era when people could once again die from common infections and minor


injuries because some of the key drugs no longer work. It blames the


over-prescription and misuse of antibiotics for accelerating the


spread of superbugs. This is a report that came after an


investigation in 140 countries. Next is the weather. From me and the rest


of the team that World News Today, thank you for watching.


Hello once again. It looks as if there is the really is going to be


one of those days, really cloudy to start off the day and some pulses of


wet weather. Not only


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