15/05/2014 World News Today


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This Is BBC World News Today With Me, Philippa Thomas.


Grief and anger in Turkey as people come to terms with the


Demonstrations across Turkey as anger grows at pictures


of an aide to the Prime Minister apparently kicking a protestor


A Sudanese woman has been sentenced to death for marrying a Christian


We'll be talking to a human rights campaigner about her case.


With just one week to go before voting starts


in the European elections, our correspondents measure public


With 28 countries, plenty of differences. One thing coming


through is a desire for change from the right, left and centre. There


must be reform of the way the EU works.


President Barack Obama joins September 11th survivors


and rescuers at the dedication of the memorial museum


Protests have been taking place in cities across Turkey


following the country's worst-ever mining disaster.


More than 280 people are now known to have died at the coal mine.


Rescue workers are trying to reach scores of others


In the western city of Izmir, police fired tear gas and water cannon


Earlier, Turkey's president, Abdullah Gul, visited the area


The mine is located in the west of Turkey near the village of Soma.


It's part of a large industrial complex with the entrance to this


We can see a 3D image of the valley and here's the mine


entrance where BBC correspondents have been watching events overnight


These are live pictures from the mine now, where the rescue or


retrieval effort is being focused and where the relatives of those


Let us get the latest from Roger Schmidt shunned Arnie.


It is all happening in the area over my shoulder where all of those


people are and the lights are. For most of today, the mine entrance has


not been that busy. In the last couple of hours, more and more


people, search teams and relatives. Ambulances which have been idle have


been moving in. We no one ambulance left with one body on board. Two


ambulances left after which we think may have had bodies on board as


well. It seems the search teams are able to get two more of the miners


still unaccounted for. The problem is it has been more than two days


since the disaster and more than a day since anyone was brought out


alive and the chance of there being any more survivors is very slim


indeed. It means that even more grief is to come for this area, the


mining community. My colleague has been spending time with some of


those people affected. At the cemetery in Soma, the coffins kept


coming to an area they call the martyr's plot. Relatives consumed by


grief. They wept for victims of what some are calling industrial


homicide. This woman lost her nephew. He was 26 and had just


become a father. The mine is dangerous, she says. But there are


no other jobs. Of course, we are angry. With the people at the top.


The graves are being filled here one by one. This community is saying


goodbye to husbands, fathers and sons. For some, the grief is


compounded by anger, by a belief that all of this could have been


avoided by better safety standards at the mine. This man survived the


disaster but told us he has lost 30 friends. He helped to save three


colleagues and tried to save more. TRANSLATION: I went home to see my


kids after I got at. But then I went back to the mine to help my friends.


I cannot feel happy I am alive because hundreds dead. The huge loss


of life has sparked anti-government protests which have spread to


several major cities and towns. This was Izmir two hours from Soma. The


anger here will be hard to quench. And it is not helped by this, these


images show and paid to the Prime Minister kicking a protester in


Soma. Critics say it is a case of the government once again showing


contempt -- these images show an aide to the Prime Minister. At the


cemetery, prayers for the victims. Some families are still waiting for


bodies to bury and this human tragedy is becoming a political


crisis. Talking about a political crisis, we


know it is a tragedy for the community and a flash point for the


country. The question is, will it be a tipping point for the Prime


Minister, Erdogan? Pictures like the one we just saw do not help.


If people there are blaming anybody, are they blaming the


government, the people who managed the mine? They are not necessarily


blaming them for what has happened post the disaster. Although


relatives of people still unaccounted for telling me they are


angry with the authorities for not giving them more information about


the process of recovering the bodies. There is that anger. Here


and further afield, there is anger in various cities, as we have seen


with the process today, about the comments made by Prime Minister


Erdogan when he visited Soma yesterday -- the protests. He made


comments that seem to suggest that he thought mining disasters were to


be expected in the mining industry. He referred back to a mining


disaster that had taken place in England in the 19th century. That


has really angered a lot of people. They say he is being insensitive and


is detached from the hardship these people are facing. Then there is


also his political opponents who have taken this opportunity to ask


questions about the government's policy over the last ten years of


privatising the mining industry. It is an important industry in Turkey.


Many suggest the privatisation has left it and unsafe industry. There


are figures that bear it out. It is worth 1.2% of the economy, mining.


More than 10% of work-related accidents in the last year in Turkey


work in the mining industry. There are real questions to be asked about


mine safety and that is reflecting on the government. We can see all of


the people behind you still waiting and watching the scene of the rescue


operation. Thank you very much for the live update.


Reports from north east Nigeria say there's been another attack


by suspected members of the Islamic militant group Boko Haram.


Explosions have been heard in the town of Gamboru Ngala,


the scene of a massacre last week in which 300 people were killed.


An eyewitness said blasts were heard early in the morning and


people who tried to get out of the town were forced to return home.


It's now a month since more than 200 schoolgirls were


A 27-year-old Sudanese woman has been sentenced to death


Authorities consider Dr Maryam Yahya Ibrahim to be a Muslim because that


The BBC has these exclusive images of her.


She is eight months pregnant, but she's to be given 100 lashes


when she recovers from childbirth for marrying a Christian


and then she is sentenced to death by hanging for apostasy once her


The BBC has these first pictures of the protest outside court,


showing Muslim women chanting ?no to the repression of women?


and men holding signs saying, "It is my right to believe what I want.?


Jehanne Henry is a Sudan specialist in the Africa


Welcome. It is quite a lot to take in. Is this shocking even within


Sudan, do you think? Well, the adultery aspect of it is not


unusual. In fact, it is rather commonplace across Sudan. The


apostasy part of it is quite shocking. There have been apostasy


charges brought against people in recent years. The issue is noted


especially around the time of South Sudan's succession. But it has not


been... The execution has not been implemented since 1985 in a very


famous case. We fully expect and hope that in this case as well the


Court of Appeal will set aside this conviction. It goes completely


against the Sudanese constitution which contains protection for


freedom of religion and other basic protections. Sudan has also ratified


numerous international human rights treaties. This is a contradiction


within Sudanese law and this case really provides a flash point for


that and highlights it. The adultery charges, however, are not


particularly unusual in Sudan. Across the country, it is very


common for adultery charges to be brought against women and girls,


often when they attempt to, for example, seek a divorce or if


someone in their family or community, usually a male member, is


upset with them. Reason, they can bring the charges in a vendetta.


There are also many examples when women and girls who have been raped


then face charges of adultery. This case of... Yes? To get to the core


of it, she has said in court that she is a Christian, she does not


believe she has changed religion. The issue at the very heart of it is


her right to define her own religion. Absolutely. For the


apostasy part of the case, that is absolutely correct. There is a basic


protection for this in Sudan's constitution. However, this


particular provision in the criminal law which allows for apostasy


charges to be brought for cases in which a Muslim renounces Islam, that


provision of the criminal law is influenced by certain Islamic


principles and the penalty is also influenced by certain Islamic


principles. The penalty is death. It is a very shocking example of the


application of this provision of the law in a case and it is very


important that we focus on what is going on. It really does reveal the


internal contradictions in Sudan's criminal system and the fact that


many of its provisions run counter to its own constitution. Thank you


for joining us. Now a look at some


of the days other news. Relatives of people missing


after a ferry capsized in Bangladesh have been gathering


near the accident site. At least 200 passengers were


on board when it sank At least nine people are known to


have died, but Reports say the ferry sank


in stormy weather. Beijing has accused Vietnam of


turning a blind eye to anti-Chinese demonstrations after hundreds


of protesters stormed a factory. At least one Chinese worker died


and more than 100 were injured. Reports say the mob hunted


down Chinese nationals at the steel mill which is actually


owned by a Taiwanese firm. The protests were triggered


by China's decision to drill for oil in disputed islands


in the South China Sea. A video's been posted online


of an Al Jazeera reporter who is on the 107th day of a hunger strike


against his detention in Egypt. Abdullah Elshamy has been held


since August without charge. Meanwhile, the trial of three


other Al Jazeera journalists They have been accused of aiding


terrorists and spreading false news. It's emerged that an ex-politician


seeking re-election and a convicted paedophile are among people who have


asked Google to remove information The requests follow


a European court ruling which said people could ask for irrelevant or


outdated pages to be removed because It looks as if the second round


of Afghanistan's presidential election will be a face-off


between these two men. Abdullah Abdullah took 45% of the


vote in the first round and his main The second round will take place


in the middle of June. There is also some controversy about


the way the first round was run, as David Loyn reports from Herat.


And There is growing anger in many places in Afghanistan of the process


of dealing with fraud in the election. Six months on, voters


still have traces of the indelible ink that showed they voted. . They


were some of the voters who were taken out of the current because of


claims of fraud. They said they will fight to the death to have their


votes counted. Their votes were not counted. Elsewhere, there were fake


votes which were counted. There is no doubting the anger here. They


will say they voted at considerable risk to their own lives and the


votes were taken away from them. Whether the system will answer their


complaints is a more complex question. Much of the process to


consider complaints were held in public. Some of the fraud


allegations were obvious. There are results which were handwritten, and


duplicate election papers. They have not looked at the reports of us, as


of yet. This is not right. They need to do that to complete her job. Is


this enough to push you over 50% in the first round? Wouldn't make that


much a difference? It is more than that. A large turnout in the polls


has given them more pressure to deliver a fair result. This man, a


veteran, said he will head to the hills and pick up a rifle once again


of the election is not sorted out. It is not an idle threat. It is a


country where the damage of war can be seen all around.


There is just a week to go until voting begins in the European


elections for more than 750 MEPS, who will then shuttle between their


home countries, Brussels and Strasbourg and who, between them,


will represent more than 500 million European citizens. And it looks as


if the next parliament will contain more Euro MPs than ever before who


actually oppose the way the current union works. In the latest of our


special reports on Vote 2014, Matthew Price is in the Danish


capital Copenhagen, but first, we go to Chris Morris in the Greek


There is just a week to go until voting begins in the European


Buffeted by the strongest wind in the European Union, Greece is still


feeling the wind. Some voters are not impressed by the anti-austerity


programme. We have schools without books, hospitals without equipment.


While the government says a coroner has been turned, there will be a


huge anti establishment vote, to the hard left and the extreme right. It


is hardly surprising giving the pain they have lived through economic lay


in the last couple of years. But what about where you are? Here in


Denmark, people are also fed up with the government and it is heading to


a massive swing of support to this group. This is the People's party in


Denmark. They believe European Union rules are eroding traditional Danish


values. Their message seems to resonate. I want to be a member of


the union, but I think that it's too much power in the European Union. I


like the European Union, but there are problems. Denmark flies the


oldest flag in the world. It is a small but proud country. The


national public broadcaster, the broadcaster the says attitudes


towards the European Union are changing. Nobody wants to leave the


European Union, but from time to time, you can see people expressing


their distrust of it. Most Danish people believe the European Union


brings economic benefits to the country, but that is increasing


worry about the cost of it. They are also wanting it reformed. That


feeling is even stronger in Greece. Most voters need the European Union


to help the economy grow. But they feel disconnected beyond their


control. Anti-austerity protests continue. They do not have the


fervour of recent years, but very few people want to leave the


European Union or the euro. They want Europe to do more help. I


believe that a large part of the Greek debt should be vetted. With 28


countries, there are a lot of differences, but one thing which is


coming through is a real desire for change, from the left, the right and


even the centre. The general message seems to be that there must be


reformed to the way the European Union works.


A leading medical journal has admitted that two of its articles


exaggerated the harmful side effects of statins ? the drugs which many


people take to reduce cholesterol. Seven million people in the UK alone


take statins to combat heart disease. The articles, which were


published in the British Medical Journal, are to be investigated.


This is a bitter pill to swallow for one of the most respected of all


medical journals. It has had to make failing to spot a basic error in two


articles on statins and taking seven months to put it right. The editor


said her response had been speedy and she denied the affair was


embarrassing. Both articles referred a single sentence referring to


another paper and misinterpreted the information from that paper. The


exaggerated the extent of the side-effects of statins, compared to


the side effects. The controversy about the articles in the British


Medical Jornall has sown confusion up about the safety of statins. 7


million people in the United Kingdom take them. They prevent 7000 fatal


heart attacks and strokes each year. The benefits are undisputed. But the


article criticised plans to extend that use to most adults in the link


in the 50s. They said the benefits would be the British Medical Jornall


now admits that information was wrong. Statins can cause muscle pain


and trigger type two diabetes, but E expert on it said the exaggerated


the risk twentyfold in the journal and that would set to progress


panic. People who are on me not want to take them any more than people


who have not yet started to take them may now not want to take them.


There could be unnecessary hearts heart attacks and strokes as a


consequence. Clearly had some side of aching joints, but they have


subsided. How he is confident about statins, he feels the controversy


may keep other people. It is confusing for the public in general.


If people are taking statins and the then here there is a potential


problem with them, then clearly, they are going to think twice about


it. Doctors say people at high risk of heart disease and stroke should


continue with statins. But the debate about whether healthy


continue with statins. But the debate about whether middle-aged


people should take them is set to continue.


To an event now that changed America and the world. Almost 13 years on


from 9/11, a museum commemorating the terror attacks has opened in New


York. It tells the stories of the nearly 3,000 people who died in the


city when hijacked aeroplanes destroyed the World Trade Centre.


Buffeted by the strongest wind in the European Union, Greece is still


The president has been speaking to the families of the victims. 3000


innocent souls, men and children of every race and creed from every


corner of the world. We can touch them names and hear their voices. We


can glimpse the small items which speak to the beauty of their lives.


A wedding ring, a dusty Helmut, the shining badge,. Here, we tell the


story. The museum tells the story of those who died and those who


survived. It also tells how the world has changed since the tank.


The BBC was given a tour of the museum. My wife was killed. To see


this happen, it is amazing and gut wrenching at the same time. It


brings back all the emotions of that week. The museum is filled with


thousands of artefacts. There are huge wins in tiny ones. A slipper, a


wallet, a driving licence. It is the ordinary things that everyone


carries around as part of the private possessions. Today in this


place, they become suddenly very powerful. The attacks appeared out


of the radicalisation of people in the Middle East. It tries to explain


where the terrorists came from, what do they believe. It tries to


obviously make sure that we do not think that all Muslims are


terrorists. It was interesting for people who do not know all that much


about Muslims around the world. But I feel that did not represent that


well enough, I think people are more likely to come out thinking that


Muslims represent a threat, rather than being appreciated that there


was just a very small group extremists. This is a museum for the


future generations. Thank you very much for being with others.


warm day than I was yesterday. Lovely warm weather on the way


tomorrow. A lot of dry and sunny weather. The warrant has been


drinking with his area of high pressure, covering the bulk of the


United Kingdom. We have some cloud and rain


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