15/05/2014 World News Today


15/05/2014

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This Is BBC World News Today With Me, Philippa Thomas.

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Grief and anger in Turkey as people come to terms with the

:00:07.:00:10.

Demonstrations across Turkey as anger grows at pictures

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of an aide to the Prime Minister apparently kicking a protestor

:00:16.:00:19.

A Sudanese woman has been sentenced to death for marrying a Christian

:00:20.:00:30.

We'll be talking to a human rights campaigner about her case.

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With just one week to go before voting starts

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in the European elections, our correspondents measure public

:00:38.:00:39.

With 28 countries, plenty of differences. One thing coming

:00:40.:00:51.

through is a desire for change from the right, left and centre. There

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must be reform of the way the EU works.

:00:57.:00:58.

President Barack Obama joins September 11th survivors

:00:59.:00:59.

and rescuers at the dedication of the memorial museum

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Protests have been taking place in cities across Turkey

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following the country's worst-ever mining disaster.

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More than 280 people are now known to have died at the coal mine.

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Rescue workers are trying to reach scores of others

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In the western city of Izmir, police fired tear gas and water cannon

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Earlier, Turkey's president, Abdullah Gul, visited the area

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The mine is located in the west of Turkey near the village of Soma.

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It's part of a large industrial complex with the entrance to this

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We can see a 3D image of the valley and here's the mine

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entrance where BBC correspondents have been watching events overnight

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These are live pictures from the mine now, where the rescue or

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retrieval effort is being focused and where the relatives of those

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Let us get the latest from Roger Schmidt shunned Arnie.

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It is all happening in the area over my shoulder where all of those

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people are and the lights are. For most of today, the mine entrance has

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not been that busy. In the last couple of hours, more and more

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people, search teams and relatives. Ambulances which have been idle have

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been moving in. We no one ambulance left with one body on board. Two

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ambulances left after which we think may have had bodies on board as

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well. It seems the search teams are able to get two more of the miners

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still unaccounted for. The problem is it has been more than two days

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since the disaster and more than a day since anyone was brought out

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alive and the chance of there being any more survivors is very slim

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indeed. It means that even more grief is to come for this area, the

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mining community. My colleague has been spending time with some of

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those people affected. At the cemetery in Soma, the coffins kept

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coming to an area they call the martyr's plot. Relatives consumed by

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grief. They wept for victims of what some are calling industrial

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homicide. This woman lost her nephew. He was 26 and had just

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become a father. The mine is dangerous, she says. But there are

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no other jobs. Of course, we are angry. With the people at the top.

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The graves are being filled here one by one. This community is saying

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goodbye to husbands, fathers and sons. For some, the grief is

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compounded by anger, by a belief that all of this could have been

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avoided by better safety standards at the mine. This man survived the

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disaster but told us he has lost 30 friends. He helped to save three

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colleagues and tried to save more. TRANSLATION: I went home to see my

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kids after I got at. But then I went back to the mine to help my friends.

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I cannot feel happy I am alive because hundreds dead. The huge loss

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of life has sparked anti-government protests which have spread to

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several major cities and towns. This was Izmir two hours from Soma. The

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anger here will be hard to quench. And it is not helped by this, these

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images show and paid to the Prime Minister kicking a protester in

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Soma. Critics say it is a case of the government once again showing

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contempt -- these images show an aide to the Prime Minister. At the

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cemetery, prayers for the victims. Some families are still waiting for

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bodies to bury and this human tragedy is becoming a political

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crisis. Talking about a political crisis, we

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know it is a tragedy for the community and a flash point for the

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country. The question is, will it be a tipping point for the Prime

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Minister, Erdogan? Pictures like the one we just saw do not help.

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If people there are blaming anybody, are they blaming the

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government, the people who managed the mine? They are not necessarily

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blaming them for what has happened post the disaster. Although

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relatives of people still unaccounted for telling me they are

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angry with the authorities for not giving them more information about

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the process of recovering the bodies. There is that anger. Here

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and further afield, there is anger in various cities, as we have seen

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with the process today, about the comments made by Prime Minister

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Erdogan when he visited Soma yesterday -- the protests. He made

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comments that seem to suggest that he thought mining disasters were to

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be expected in the mining industry. He referred back to a mining

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disaster that had taken place in England in the 19th century. That

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has really angered a lot of people. They say he is being insensitive and

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is detached from the hardship these people are facing. Then there is

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also his political opponents who have taken this opportunity to ask

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questions about the government's policy over the last ten years of

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privatising the mining industry. It is an important industry in Turkey.

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Many suggest the privatisation has left it and unsafe industry. There

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are figures that bear it out. It is worth 1.2% of the economy, mining.

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More than 10% of work-related accidents in the last year in Turkey

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work in the mining industry. There are real questions to be asked about

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mine safety and that is reflecting on the government. We can see all of

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the people behind you still waiting and watching the scene of the rescue

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operation. Thank you very much for the live update.

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Reports from north east Nigeria say there's been another attack

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by suspected members of the Islamic militant group Boko Haram.

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Explosions have been heard in the town of Gamboru Ngala,

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the scene of a massacre last week in which 300 people were killed.

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An eyewitness said blasts were heard early in the morning and

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people who tried to get out of the town were forced to return home.

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It's now a month since more than 200 schoolgirls were

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A 27-year-old Sudanese woman has been sentenced to death

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Authorities consider Dr Maryam Yahya Ibrahim to be a Muslim because that

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The BBC has these exclusive images of her.

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She is eight months pregnant, but she's to be given 100 lashes

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when she recovers from childbirth for marrying a Christian

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and then she is sentenced to death by hanging for apostasy once her

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The BBC has these first pictures of the protest outside court,

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showing Muslim women chanting ?no to the repression of women?

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and men holding signs saying, "It is my right to believe what I want.?

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Jehanne Henry is a Sudan specialist in the Africa

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Welcome. It is quite a lot to take in. Is this shocking even within

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Sudan, do you think? Well, the adultery aspect of it is not

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unusual. In fact, it is rather commonplace across Sudan. The

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apostasy part of it is quite shocking. There have been apostasy

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charges brought against people in recent years. The issue is noted

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especially around the time of South Sudan's succession. But it has not

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been... The execution has not been implemented since 1985 in a very

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famous case. We fully expect and hope that in this case as well the

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Court of Appeal will set aside this conviction. It goes completely

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against the Sudanese constitution which contains protection for

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freedom of religion and other basic protections. Sudan has also ratified

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numerous international human rights treaties. This is a contradiction

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within Sudanese law and this case really provides a flash point for

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that and highlights it. The adultery charges, however, are not

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particularly unusual in Sudan. Across the country, it is very

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common for adultery charges to be brought against women and girls,

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often when they attempt to, for example, seek a divorce or if

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someone in their family or community, usually a male member, is

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upset with them. Reason, they can bring the charges in a vendetta.

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There are also many examples when women and girls who have been raped

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then face charges of adultery. This case of... Yes? To get to the core

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of it, she has said in court that she is a Christian, she does not

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believe she has changed religion. The issue at the very heart of it is

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her right to define her own religion. Absolutely. For the

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apostasy part of the case, that is absolutely correct. There is a basic

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protection for this in Sudan's constitution. However, this

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particular provision in the criminal law which allows for apostasy

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charges to be brought for cases in which a Muslim renounces Islam, that

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provision of the criminal law is influenced by certain Islamic

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principles and the penalty is also influenced by certain Islamic

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principles. The penalty is death. It is a very shocking example of the

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application of this provision of the law in a case and it is very

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important that we focus on what is going on. It really does reveal the

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internal contradictions in Sudan's criminal system and the fact that

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many of its provisions run counter to its own constitution. Thank you

:12:47.:12:49.

for joining us. Now a look at some

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of the days other news. Relatives of people missing

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after a ferry capsized in Bangladesh have been gathering

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near the accident site. At least 200 passengers were

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on board when it sank At least nine people are known to

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have died, but Reports say the ferry sank

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in stormy weather. Beijing has accused Vietnam of

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turning a blind eye to anti-Chinese demonstrations after hundreds

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of protesters stormed a factory. At least one Chinese worker died

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and more than 100 were injured. Reports say the mob hunted

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down Chinese nationals at the steel mill which is actually

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owned by a Taiwanese firm. The protests were triggered

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by China's decision to drill for oil in disputed islands

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in the South China Sea. A video's been posted online

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of an Al Jazeera reporter who is on the 107th day of a hunger strike

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against his detention in Egypt. Abdullah Elshamy has been held

:13:42.:13:45.

since August without charge. Meanwhile, the trial of three

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other Al Jazeera journalists They have been accused of aiding

:13:48.:13:49.

terrorists and spreading false news. It's emerged that an ex-politician

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seeking re-election and a convicted paedophile are among people who have

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asked Google to remove information The requests follow

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a European court ruling which said people could ask for irrelevant or

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outdated pages to be removed because It looks as if the second round

:14:09.:14:11.

of Afghanistan's presidential election will be a face-off

:14:12.:14:25.

between these two men. Abdullah Abdullah took 45% of the

:14:26.:14:28.

vote in the first round and his main The second round will take place

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in the middle of June. There is also some controversy about

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the way the first round was run, as David Loyn reports from Herat.

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And There is growing anger in many places in Afghanistan of the process

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of dealing with fraud in the election. Six months on, voters

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still have traces of the indelible ink that showed they voted. . They

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were some of the voters who were taken out of the current because of

:15:10.:15:14.

claims of fraud. They said they will fight to the death to have their

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votes counted. Their votes were not counted. Elsewhere, there were fake

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votes which were counted. There is no doubting the anger here. They

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will say they voted at considerable risk to their own lives and the

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votes were taken away from them. Whether the system will answer their

:15:37.:15:39.

complaints is a more complex question. Much of the process to

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consider complaints were held in public. Some of the fraud

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allegations were obvious. There are results which were handwritten, and

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duplicate election papers. They have not looked at the reports of us, as

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of yet. This is not right. They need to do that to complete her job. Is

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this enough to push you over 50% in the first round? Wouldn't make that

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much a difference? It is more than that. A large turnout in the polls

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has given them more pressure to deliver a fair result. This man, a

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veteran, said he will head to the hills and pick up a rifle once again

:16:39.:16:44.

of the election is not sorted out. It is not an idle threat. It is a

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country where the damage of war can be seen all around.

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There is just a week to go until voting begins in the European

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elections for more than 750 MEPS, who will then shuttle between their

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home countries, Brussels and Strasbourg and who, between them,

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will represent more than 500 million European citizens. And it looks as

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if the next parliament will contain more Euro MPs than ever before who

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actually oppose the way the current union works. In the latest of our

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special reports on Vote 2014, Matthew Price is in the Danish

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capital Copenhagen, but first, we go to Chris Morris in the Greek

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There is just a week to go until voting begins in the European

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Buffeted by the strongest wind in the European Union, Greece is still

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feeling the wind. Some voters are not impressed by the anti-austerity

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programme. We have schools without books, hospitals without equipment.

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While the government says a coroner has been turned, there will be a

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huge anti establishment vote, to the hard left and the extreme right. It

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is hardly surprising giving the pain they have lived through economic lay

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in the last couple of years. But what about where you are? Here in

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Denmark, people are also fed up with the government and it is heading to

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a massive swing of support to this group. This is the People's party in

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Denmark. They believe European Union rules are eroding traditional Danish

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values. Their message seems to resonate. I want to be a member of

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the union, but I think that it's too much power in the European Union. I

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like the European Union, but there are problems. Denmark flies the

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oldest flag in the world. It is a small but proud country. The

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national public broadcaster, the broadcaster the says attitudes

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towards the European Union are changing. Nobody wants to leave the

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European Union, but from time to time, you can see people expressing

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their distrust of it. Most Danish people believe the European Union

:19:22.:19:24.

brings economic benefits to the country, but that is increasing

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worry about the cost of it. They are also wanting it reformed. That

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feeling is even stronger in Greece. Most voters need the European Union

:19:38.:19:43.

to help the economy grow. But they feel disconnected beyond their

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control. Anti-austerity protests continue. They do not have the

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fervour of recent years, but very few people want to leave the

:19:54.:19:57.

European Union or the euro. They want Europe to do more help. I

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believe that a large part of the Greek debt should be vetted. With 28

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countries, there are a lot of differences, but one thing which is

:20:13.:20:17.

coming through is a real desire for change, from the left, the right and

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even the centre. The general message seems to be that there must be

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reformed to the way the European Union works.

:20:25.:20:28.

A leading medical journal has admitted that two of its articles

:20:29.:20:31.

exaggerated the harmful side effects of statins ? the drugs which many

:20:32.:20:35.

people take to reduce cholesterol. Seven million people in the UK alone

:20:36.:20:38.

take statins to combat heart disease. The articles, which were

:20:39.:20:41.

published in the British Medical Journal, are to be investigated.

:20:42.:20:52.

This is a bitter pill to swallow for one of the most respected of all

:20:53.:21:00.

medical journals. It has had to make failing to spot a basic error in two

:21:01.:21:05.

articles on statins and taking seven months to put it right. The editor

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said her response had been speedy and she denied the affair was

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embarrassing. Both articles referred a single sentence referring to

:21:17.:21:21.

another paper and misinterpreted the information from that paper. The

:21:22.:21:28.

exaggerated the extent of the side-effects of statins, compared to

:21:29.:21:33.

the side effects. The controversy about the articles in the British

:21:34.:21:38.

Medical Jornall has sown confusion up about the safety of statins. 7

:21:39.:21:43.

million people in the United Kingdom take them. They prevent 7000 fatal

:21:44.:21:49.

heart attacks and strokes each year. The benefits are undisputed. But the

:21:50.:21:55.

article criticised plans to extend that use to most adults in the link

:21:56.:22:07.

in the 50s. They said the benefits would be the British Medical Jornall

:22:08.:22:11.

now admits that information was wrong. Statins can cause muscle pain

:22:12.:22:19.

and trigger type two diabetes, but E expert on it said the exaggerated

:22:20.:22:23.

the risk twentyfold in the journal and that would set to progress

:22:24.:22:34.

panic. People who are on me not want to take them any more than people

:22:35.:22:38.

who have not yet started to take them may now not want to take them.

:22:39.:22:42.

There could be unnecessary hearts heart attacks and strokes as a

:22:43.:22:47.

consequence. Clearly had some side of aching joints, but they have

:22:48.:22:52.

subsided. How he is confident about statins, he feels the controversy

:22:53.:22:59.

may keep other people. It is confusing for the public in general.

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If people are taking statins and the then here there is a potential

:23:05.:23:09.

problem with them, then clearly, they are going to think twice about

:23:10.:23:15.

it. Doctors say people at high risk of heart disease and stroke should

:23:16.:23:20.

continue with statins. But the debate about whether healthy

:23:21.:23:21.

continue with statins. But the debate about whether middle-aged

:23:22.:23:23.

people should take them is set to continue.

:23:24.:23:27.

To an event now that changed America and the world. Almost 13 years on

:23:28.:23:31.

from 9/11, a museum commemorating the terror attacks has opened in New

:23:32.:23:34.

York. It tells the stories of the nearly 3,000 people who died in the

:23:35.:23:38.

city when hijacked aeroplanes destroyed the World Trade Centre.

:23:39.:23:40.

Buffeted by the strongest wind in the European Union, Greece is still

:23:41.:23:48.

The president has been speaking to the families of the victims. 3000

:23:49.:23:59.

innocent souls, men and children of every race and creed from every

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corner of the world. We can touch them names and hear their voices. We

:24:05.:24:13.

can glimpse the small items which speak to the beauty of their lives.

:24:14.:24:20.

A wedding ring, a dusty Helmut, the shining badge,. Here, we tell the

:24:21.:24:35.

story. The museum tells the story of those who died and those who

:24:36.:24:39.

survived. It also tells how the world has changed since the tank.

:24:40.:24:44.

The BBC was given a tour of the museum. My wife was killed. To see

:24:45.:24:59.

this happen, it is amazing and gut wrenching at the same time. It

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brings back all the emotions of that week. The museum is filled with

:25:04.:25:11.

thousands of artefacts. There are huge wins in tiny ones. A slipper, a

:25:12.:25:21.

wallet, a driving licence. It is the ordinary things that everyone

:25:22.:25:27.

carries around as part of the private possessions. Today in this

:25:28.:25:30.

place, they become suddenly very powerful. The attacks appeared out

:25:31.:25:42.

of the radicalisation of people in the Middle East. It tries to explain

:25:43.:25:51.

where the terrorists came from, what do they believe. It tries to

:25:52.:25:57.

obviously make sure that we do not think that all Muslims are

:25:58.:26:05.

terrorists. It was interesting for people who do not know all that much

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about Muslims around the world. But I feel that did not represent that

:26:15.:26:18.

well enough, I think people are more likely to come out thinking that

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Muslims represent a threat, rather than being appreciated that there

:26:25.:26:27.

was just a very small group extremists. This is a museum for the

:26:28.:26:38.

future generations. Thank you very much for being with others.

:26:39.:27:01.

warm day than I was yesterday. Lovely warm weather on the way

:27:02.:27:06.

tomorrow. A lot of dry and sunny weather. The warrant has been

:27:07.:27:12.

drinking with his area of high pressure, covering the bulk of the

:27:13.:27:17.

United Kingdom. We have some cloud and rain

:27:18.:27:19.

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