14/05/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me Philippa Thomas.


The death toll rises at the coal mine in Turkey which has suffered


More than 240 miners have died - rescuers have brought some out


alive, but hopes are fading for those men


Distress has turned to anger for some.


This violent protest broke out as Turkey's prime minister arrived


And, searching for the wreck of one of the most famous ships


in western history - could what's left of the flagship


of Christopher Columbus have been found, after more than 500 years?


And, as the movers and shakers from the film world strut


their stuff in Cannes, we'll be looking at this year's contenders


The death toll is rising - at least 240 miners are known have


died in an explosion at the Turkish coal mine in Soma.


The official car of the prime minister, Recep Tayyip


Erdogan, was shaken as protesters clashed with police in the town,


with reports of abuse being shouted and rocks being hurled as he visited


It's believed about 120 workers are still trapped


underground at the mine at Soma while relatives gather outside.


James Reynolds sent this report from the scene.


The earth of western Turkey gives up its survivors slowly. This morning,


rescuers saved if you miners from the fire below. It began when a


power unit exploded deep underground.


TRANSLATION: For the past 24 hours we have been waiting to get our


friends out alive. That is all that we wish.


At night, rescuers found the first bodies. Many of these miners choked


on carbon monoxide. More than 100 of their fellow workers may still be


trapped. This woman's husband is underground. "God help us", she


cries. She has joined dozens of families at Soma hospital. My son


was two months from retirement, this woman tells me. He planned to come


back home and settle. This family is waiting for news of this young boy


's father. Is he alive or dead? That is all I want to know. We need one


piece of hope. For these family members, this has become a vigil.


They are desperate to find out what has become to the miners still


trapped underground. There is nowhere else for them to go. Rescue


teams continue to look for the lost miners using all the technology they


can find. But they have yet to break through. The mines owners insist it


passed all of its safety checks. Words which will mean little to


those inspecting this overnight tomb.


We can show you live pictures from the scene now. You can see there are


mine workers, gathered waiting and the press and a lot of work for what


many will still hope is a rescue operation.


So, what more do we know about what caused the accident?


And how difficult will it be to reach the mine


Our science editor, David Shukman, has been looking at the options.


This is a disaster on an horrific scale and the battered figures


emerging from underground are the lucky ones. Amid the tears and the


morning and fragile hopes for better news is a mounting sense of anger


this was ever allowed to happen. Protests against the government


erupted in several parts of Turkey. There had been warning about safety


at the mine a few weeks ago. Feelings are running extremely high.


The mining company says it passed every recent inspection but right


now that is not helping. Thousands of people have gathered at the


entrance to the mine and they are hoping for any positive signs from


down below. The nightmare is that so many obstacles stand in the way of


rescuing any survivors. The mine is deep and no one can be sure where


people may be trapped. The explosion cut off the power supply putting


lifts and lights out of action and the ventilation system has stopped.


They are pumping in fresh air but oxygen levels have dropped because


freshly exposed coal sucks in oxygen. Lack of ventilation also


means carbon monoxide levels have been rising which is potentially


toxic and a build-up of smoke reduces instant -- visibility.


Mining experts say this could have been avoided. With recent


ventilation and measures to control coal dust, measures which are


well-known for decades, there is near -- there is no reason other


than incompetence to explain why this sort of death toll should


happen in this day and age. The mining company is adamant it


maintained high standards of safety. The investigation being


launched will put that to the test as the full scale of the horror


unfolds. Reports from north eastern Nigeria


say local people have formed a vigilante group that's killed dozens


of suspected Boko Haram militants. The violence occurred on Tuesday


in a district An eyewitness told the BBC that


the group of residents repelled The Prime Minister has rejected the


idea of a swap of Boko Haram prisoners for the girls. As the


search for the girls continues, their kidnapping has thrown a global


spotlight on the issue of education in northern Nigeria and how save


students are at school. I corresponded has been talking to


students and teachers in Abuja, the capital. A secondary school in the


Nigerian capital, Abuja. It is relatively safe here. The children's


thoughts are with the kidnapped girls. I feel really terrible


because they are girls like me. No one knows how they are. God protect


them. Nigeria is a very big country and


schools like this are part of the reality also. But the mass


kidnapping in the north-east has served to highlight a vicious war


taking place between the Nigerian government and Boko Haram. But Boko


Haram have attacked targets in Abuja as well so the head of this school


says she follows the government 's security advice, maintaining a


perimeter of walls and fencing around her charges. These schools


are fenced. Now, almost all schools are fenced and they have security


added to check in and out. Both students and parents and outsiders.


The boarding school attacked in north-eastern Nigeria where the


girls were taken away would have needed more than good fencing. It is


in the middle of a war zone. Group-macro means "Western education


is a sin" and... The way it happened is that they come from nowhere and


begin to shout. Teachers are their target because they educate us. They


are the ones and they don't want that. They want Arabic education,


nothing more, nothing less. So the teachers are the target and many


number one. It has come to this, parts of Nigeria are not safe for or


their cheap -- teachers. The number of Romanians and


Bulgarians working in the UK was predicted to rise dramatically once


employment restrictions were lifted in the UK in January. In fact, the


number has fallen by 4000 since then. A reduction that the Prime


Minister has described as noted -- notable. But there are more


Bulgarians and Romanians working here than this time last year and


the number of people from across the EU working in Britain has increased


overall prompting a fierce political row ahead of European elections one


week tomorrow. Do you remember the day when our


borders open to Romanians and Bulgarians? The day when Victor was


the first to arrive and was greeted by cameras and MPs. Do you remember


the warnings he would be the first of tens of thousands, perhaps more,


who would make Britain their home? Guess what. They didn't, or not yet


at least. The employment of Bulgarians and Romanians went down


in the first three months of this year. There are many working here,


140,000 the official statistics say. People like this restaurant


owner in Tottenham, but numbers fell by 4000 since the beginning of


January. I am not surprised. Who wanted to come before were already


here. One person you might expect to be surprised is Nigel Farage. If I


was able dairy and I would be packing my bags now wanting to come


to Britain. -- if I was from Bulgaria. With the control of blah


-- our borders at the centre of European elections... The figures


today should reassure people that the lifting of the transitional


controls did not result in a large influx of people. These figures are


very different from what some predicted and it shows the


importance of having a sensible debate. Not surprisingly, UKIP's


leader is having none of it. Regardless of where they come from,


the figures of people coming into this country are going up


year-on-year at a staggering pace. Where you are wrong with regard to


Bulgarians and Romanians? No. In the last few months there has been a big


increase in the number of other Europeans coming here, particularly


from Poland. How long have you been here? Eight years and my friends


seven months. Just come? So you needed to pick up the phone saying,


come on over. My mates need the work and I can get work for them here.


Why not? Ministers point out there are more jobs for Brits as well as


other Europeans and they have Nigel Farage in their sites also. He was


right to be concerned but he was wrong. What we have significantly


done is ensured that it is UK National is now getting the jobs.


But UKIP is right to say that you cannot stop the flow of people


coming from the rest of the EU and that is up. We are part of Europe.


Today's system -- statistics don't end the debate but they give it


another polish. Some of the day 's other news:


Beijing has expressed serious concern over protests in Vietnam


where several factories were burnt down by anti-China protesters. Up to


20,000 people took part in the protests which were about the


deployment of a Chinese oil rig in disputed waters. Authorities say


hundreds of protesters have been arrested. The murder trial of Oscars


Pistorius has been halted with a judge ruling he must undergo


psychiatric assessment. The prosecution asked for it after a


defence psychiatrist said he was suffering from an anxiety disorder.


The trial has been adjourned until Tuesday.


Stephen Sutton, who raised over ?3 million for charity, has died in


Birmingham. He aimed to raise ?10,000 but his campaign caught the


public imagination and went viral online. The British by Minister


joint tribute from around the world praising him for his incredible


efforts. The Swedish director has died at age


36. His film won the Oscar for best documentary last year. It told the


story of two South Africans searching for their musical hero,


Rodriguez. There were no further details but no crime, the police


said, was suspected. Now, more on our top story after the


explosion and fire in the coal mine in Turkey. Joining me from Geneva is


a mining specialist with the International Labour Organisation.


Thank you for joining us. We are hearing tragic news out of Turkey,


but given the nature of coal mining and the risks people take, there are


inevitable dangers, aren't they? There are major dangers inherent to


coal mining. Miners create there in -- environment while they worked.


The factory keeps changing all the time. In the case of coal mining,


factors come into play - me think gas, coal dust and things that can


easily lead to explosions. For this reason, a lot of precautions have to


be taken. As you watch what is happening in Turkey, does it seem to


you more precautions could have been taken or should have been taken? It


is difficult to say from this far away. We are all shocked from what


we have seen and the size of the tragedy. But I think, to make a


determination of what went wrong is something that needs to be done on


the ground by the Turkish government in context with the workers and the


company to determine what really happened and what the reasons were.


What can you say happens in best practice course -- best practice?


How can workers be protected once incidents have been -- have


occurred? Abe preventative health and safety culture should be


implemented where recognition of safe -- safety and health is


paramount. You need to make sure on a national level there is coherence


in policies and laws and regulations. Also, in each company


that a lot of work needs to be done both with management and workers to


achieve a good safety and health culture that works. Briefly, it also


needs a commitment to pay for it. These investments need to be focused


on these issues. Briefly, are their countries or industries you would


say our leaders in this field, in protecting coalminers? Some


countries have been good in making sure there are zero metallic teas.


It has to do with geology and a situation in a specific country but


Australia proves there is a lot that can be done and the same is true of


a lot of European countries. Also the US which has been quite involved


in this. "In fourteen hundred ninety-two,


Columbus sailed the ocean blue". So goes the song sung by American


school children. More than five centuries on,


it appears that the flagship of that famous expedition,


leading to the colonisation of the So far, we've only had pictures


of replicas to go on. But an American underwater


investigator says he believes he's found the actual wreck of the


Santa Maria. As the song has it, "He had


three ships and left from Spain. He sailed through sunshine,


wind and rain". And here's the route west the


Santa Maria took from Spain, The Italian explorer was aiming to


discover a new route to Asia, but instead he made landfall


in the Caribbean, where the Santa Maria ran aground on a reef


near Haiti on Christmas Day, 1492. Alexzandra Hildred is


a marine archaeologist with the Three decades ago, she helped to


salvage the Tudor warship, the Mary Rose, off the south coast


of Britain, and she joins me now Welcome to the programme. Does it


make your pulse quicken to hear news like this? Yes it does. It really


was an earth-shattering voyage. The fact that they may have found the


remains is wonderful. It makes me remember the early stages of Mary


Rose. There might not be much there. With the Mary Rose, you brought up


so much of the ship. Della Mike we don't know, but in searching for the


Mary Rose to begin with, it was varied. Their problem is, it's not


as buried as the Mary Rose was so there is less of the upper structure


we know because they took some of the head away to make affords. There


will definitely be less there, so the difficulty is of how you raise


it. You were a diver on the Mary Rhodes


projects. That was about 32 years ago. -- the Mary Rose project.


Just keep going, would be my advice. The most difficult thing is to prove


that it is the wreck of the Santa Maria. I know a lot of work has been


done to suggest that it is, but having physical proof would be ideal


because some things have already been stolen from the ship. If they


excavate it have to be to the highest standard because it is such


an iconic ship. Does it become an issue of who controls the operation?


It does because both Haiti and Spain signed an agreement for the


protection of cultural heritage, so they will be wanting to figure out


who has ownership. It will be run safely, I think it is safe to say.


Provided they can work together. It will be finding it that is


difficult. That'll be the difficult thing. And then deciding whether and


not we raised it or leave it where it is because that is considered the


best for the objects rather than to let them. When you left them, you


take them out of their environment and then you have to look after them


forever full top difficult questions. What kind of timescale we


looking at? If this is the wreckage for recovering and restoring it. It


depends whether they are going to restore it. Mary Rhodes was much


bigger. -- Mary Rose. It was a huge activation of four years will stop


it is still ongoing. We have only just opened a museum to put the ship


on show again, after 33 years of it being in conservation. Thank you.


Movers and shakers of the film world have arrived at the 67th


Cannes film festival for the 12-day party that also screens movies.


The Festival will open with Grace of Monaco.


Some of you ask, why did I leave Hollywood?


Well, I left because I fell in love with a charming prince.


The Festival will open with Grace of Monaco.


It stars Nicole Kidman as the American golden girl,


actress Grace Kelly, who married Prince Rainier of Monaco, but died


after crashing her car in 1982, on a road just east of Cannes.


Let's go live to Cannes and the writer Agnes Poirier,


who's an independent adviser to the film festival.


First, your independent opinion on the opening film, Grace of Monaco?


I have just seen it. It is a tradition that can should start with


a spectacular film. There a often, critics will tell you that usually


are spectacular -- spectacularly bad. I'm afraid Grace of Monaco is


one of those. It takes place in 1962, God no -- god knows why,


during a stand-off between France and Monaco. The French president


wins the argument. The problem with the film is that it is too stiff. It


is wooden and badly written. Nicole Kidman is a wonderful actress but


she pales in comparison to Grace Kelly. Oh dear! What a bad start. Is


it going to look up? What about the other films? What about Welcome to


New York? The good thing about the opening film is that things can only


look bright after it. Tomorrow morning, when the film industry


people will still be in bed, film critics like me will be writing. The


line-up is pretty exciting. One film which is not in tradition, Welcome


to New York, it is the take of a US director who is responsible for a


badly tenants. -- for Adds Lieutenancy. He was accused -- it


follows a man who was accused of raping a chambermaid. For a diffuse


them critics who have seen the film, it is a towering performance from


Gerard Depardieu. This film is very new and will be released on DVD from


Friday. We are all pretty excited to see it. We were quite afraid of what


it might be. We have a short time left. Have you any tips about films


we should look out for? Yes, an Argentinian film called Wild Tales.


We don't know much about it except that the film festival directors


said it would wake people up. I think it is a good thing. Thank you


very much. But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Hello. It is a warming trend over


the next few days. It could be as high as the mid-20s by the weekend.


It will feel warm tomorrow to bite their being more cloud around,


particularly across England and Wales. Keeping it generally fine and


dry, pushing rain varying weather fronts up to the far


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