14/05/2014 World News Today


14/05/2014

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This is BBC World News Today, with me Philippa Thomas.

:00:08.:00:10.

The death toll rises at the coal mine in Turkey which has suffered

:00:11.:00:14.

More than 240 miners have died - rescuers have brought some out

:00:15.:00:19.

alive, but hopes are fading for those men

:00:20.:00:23.

Distress has turned to anger for some.

:00:24.:00:35.

This violent protest broke out as Turkey's prime minister arrived

:00:36.:00:39.

And, searching for the wreck of one of the most famous ships

:00:40.:00:45.

in western history - could what's left of the flagship

:00:46.:00:48.

of Christopher Columbus have been found, after more than 500 years?

:00:49.:00:52.

And, as the movers and shakers from the film world strut

:00:53.:00:57.

their stuff in Cannes, we'll be looking at this year's contenders

:00:58.:01:00.

The death toll is rising - at least 240 miners are known have

:01:01.:01:22.

died in an explosion at the Turkish coal mine in Soma.

:01:23.:01:25.

The official car of the prime minister, Recep Tayyip

:01:26.:01:30.

Erdogan, was shaken as protesters clashed with police in the town,

:01:31.:01:34.

with reports of abuse being shouted and rocks being hurled as he visited

:01:35.:01:38.

It's believed about 120 workers are still trapped

:01:39.:01:42.

underground at the mine at Soma while relatives gather outside.

:01:43.:01:46.

James Reynolds sent this report from the scene.

:01:47.:02:00.

The earth of western Turkey gives up its survivors slowly. This morning,

:02:01.:02:09.

rescuers saved if you miners from the fire below. It began when a

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power unit exploded deep underground.

:02:14.:02:19.

TRANSLATION: For the past 24 hours we have been waiting to get our

:02:20.:02:23.

friends out alive. That is all that we wish.

:02:24.:02:28.

At night, rescuers found the first bodies. Many of these miners choked

:02:29.:02:36.

on carbon monoxide. More than 100 of their fellow workers may still be

:02:37.:02:42.

trapped. This woman's husband is underground. "God help us", she

:02:43.:02:58.

cries. She has joined dozens of families at Soma hospital. My son

:02:59.:03:06.

was two months from retirement, this woman tells me. He planned to come

:03:07.:03:12.

back home and settle. This family is waiting for news of this young boy

:03:13.:03:23.

's father. Is he alive or dead? That is all I want to know. We need one

:03:24.:03:30.

piece of hope. For these family members, this has become a vigil.

:03:31.:03:35.

They are desperate to find out what has become to the miners still

:03:36.:03:38.

trapped underground. There is nowhere else for them to go. Rescue

:03:39.:03:44.

teams continue to look for the lost miners using all the technology they

:03:45.:03:47.

can find. But they have yet to break through. The mines owners insist it

:03:48.:03:56.

passed all of its safety checks. Words which will mean little to

:03:57.:04:00.

those inspecting this overnight tomb.

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We can show you live pictures from the scene now. You can see there are

:04:12.:04:19.

mine workers, gathered waiting and the press and a lot of work for what

:04:20.:04:25.

many will still hope is a rescue operation.

:04:26.:04:26.

So, what more do we know about what caused the accident?

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And how difficult will it be to reach the mine

:04:31.:04:32.

Our science editor, David Shukman, has been looking at the options.

:04:33.:04:44.

This is a disaster on an horrific scale and the battered figures

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emerging from underground are the lucky ones. Amid the tears and the

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morning and fragile hopes for better news is a mounting sense of anger

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this was ever allowed to happen. Protests against the government

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erupted in several parts of Turkey. There had been warning about safety

:05:06.:05:11.

at the mine a few weeks ago. Feelings are running extremely high.

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The mining company says it passed every recent inspection but right

:05:16.:05:20.

now that is not helping. Thousands of people have gathered at the

:05:21.:05:24.

entrance to the mine and they are hoping for any positive signs from

:05:25.:05:28.

down below. The nightmare is that so many obstacles stand in the way of

:05:29.:05:33.

rescuing any survivors. The mine is deep and no one can be sure where

:05:34.:05:38.

people may be trapped. The explosion cut off the power supply putting

:05:39.:05:42.

lifts and lights out of action and the ventilation system has stopped.

:05:43.:05:46.

They are pumping in fresh air but oxygen levels have dropped because

:05:47.:05:51.

freshly exposed coal sucks in oxygen. Lack of ventilation also

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means carbon monoxide levels have been rising which is potentially

:06:00.:06:02.

toxic and a build-up of smoke reduces instant -- visibility.

:06:03.:06:04.

Mining experts say this could have been avoided. With recent

:06:05.:06:10.

ventilation and measures to control coal dust, measures which are

:06:11.:06:16.

well-known for decades, there is near -- there is no reason other

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than incompetence to explain why this sort of death toll should

:06:22.:06:27.

happen in this day and age. The mining company is adamant it

:06:28.:06:31.

maintained high standards of safety. The investigation being

:06:32.:06:35.

launched will put that to the test as the full scale of the horror

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unfolds. Reports from north eastern Nigeria

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say local people have formed a vigilante group that's killed dozens

:06:42.:06:45.

of suspected Boko Haram militants. The violence occurred on Tuesday

:06:46.:06:48.

in a district An eyewitness told the BBC that

:06:49.:06:52.

the group of residents repelled The Prime Minister has rejected the

:06:53.:07:13.

idea of a swap of Boko Haram prisoners for the girls. As the

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search for the girls continues, their kidnapping has thrown a global

:07:17.:07:21.

spotlight on the issue of education in northern Nigeria and how save

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students are at school. I corresponded has been talking to

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students and teachers in Abuja, the capital. A secondary school in the

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Nigerian capital, Abuja. It is relatively safe here. The children's

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thoughts are with the kidnapped girls. I feel really terrible

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because they are girls like me. No one knows how they are. God protect

:07:48.:07:50.

them. Nigeria is a very big country and

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schools like this are part of the reality also. But the mass

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kidnapping in the north-east has served to highlight a vicious war

:08:05.:08:09.

taking place between the Nigerian government and Boko Haram. But Boko

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Haram have attacked targets in Abuja as well so the head of this school

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says she follows the government 's security advice, maintaining a

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perimeter of walls and fencing around her charges. These schools

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are fenced. Now, almost all schools are fenced and they have security

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added to check in and out. Both students and parents and outsiders.

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The boarding school attacked in north-eastern Nigeria where the

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girls were taken away would have needed more than good fencing. It is

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in the middle of a war zone. Group-macro means "Western education

:08:54.:09:10.

is a sin" and... The way it happened is that they come from nowhere and

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begin to shout. Teachers are their target because they educate us. They

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are the ones and they don't want that. They want Arabic education,

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nothing more, nothing less. So the teachers are the target and many

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number one. It has come to this, parts of Nigeria are not safe for or

:09:44.:09:45.

their cheap -- teachers. The number of Romanians and

:09:46.:09:56.

Bulgarians working in the UK was predicted to rise dramatically once

:09:57.:09:59.

employment restrictions were lifted in the UK in January. In fact, the

:10:00.:10:05.

number has fallen by 4000 since then. A reduction that the Prime

:10:06.:10:09.

Minister has described as noted -- notable. But there are more

:10:10.:10:14.

Bulgarians and Romanians working here than this time last year and

:10:15.:10:18.

the number of people from across the EU working in Britain has increased

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overall prompting a fierce political row ahead of European elections one

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week tomorrow. Do you remember the day when our

:10:31.:10:33.

borders open to Romanians and Bulgarians? The day when Victor was

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the first to arrive and was greeted by cameras and MPs. Do you remember

:10:41.:10:44.

the warnings he would be the first of tens of thousands, perhaps more,

:10:45.:10:47.

who would make Britain their home? Guess what. They didn't, or not yet

:10:48.:10:55.

at least. The employment of Bulgarians and Romanians went down

:10:56.:10:58.

in the first three months of this year. There are many working here,

:10:59.:11:05.

140,000 the official statistics say. People like this restaurant

:11:06.:11:11.

owner in Tottenham, but numbers fell by 4000 since the beginning of

:11:12.:11:16.

January. I am not surprised. Who wanted to come before were already

:11:17.:11:24.

here. One person you might expect to be surprised is Nigel Farage. If I

:11:25.:11:32.

was able dairy and I would be packing my bags now wanting to come

:11:33.:11:38.

to Britain. -- if I was from Bulgaria. With the control of blah

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-- our borders at the centre of European elections... The figures

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today should reassure people that the lifting of the transitional

:11:55.:11:58.

controls did not result in a large influx of people. These figures are

:11:59.:12:05.

very different from what some predicted and it shows the

:12:06.:12:07.

importance of having a sensible debate. Not surprisingly, UKIP's

:12:08.:12:16.

leader is having none of it. Regardless of where they come from,

:12:17.:12:21.

the figures of people coming into this country are going up

:12:22.:12:24.

year-on-year at a staggering pace. Where you are wrong with regard to

:12:25.:12:33.

Bulgarians and Romanians? No. In the last few months there has been a big

:12:34.:12:37.

increase in the number of other Europeans coming here, particularly

:12:38.:12:41.

from Poland. How long have you been here? Eight years and my friends

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seven months. Just come? So you needed to pick up the phone saying,

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come on over. My mates need the work and I can get work for them here.

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Why not? Ministers point out there are more jobs for Brits as well as

:13:04.:13:08.

other Europeans and they have Nigel Farage in their sites also. He was

:13:09.:13:14.

right to be concerned but he was wrong. What we have significantly

:13:15.:13:19.

done is ensured that it is UK National is now getting the jobs.

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But UKIP is right to say that you cannot stop the flow of people

:13:26.:13:28.

coming from the rest of the EU and that is up. We are part of Europe.

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Today's system -- statistics don't end the debate but they give it

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another polish. Some of the day 's other news:

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Beijing has expressed serious concern over protests in Vietnam

:13:49.:13:54.

where several factories were burnt down by anti-China protesters. Up to

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20,000 people took part in the protests which were about the

:13:59.:14:04.

deployment of a Chinese oil rig in disputed waters. Authorities say

:14:05.:14:08.

hundreds of protesters have been arrested. The murder trial of Oscars

:14:09.:14:13.

Pistorius has been halted with a judge ruling he must undergo

:14:14.:14:16.

psychiatric assessment. The prosecution asked for it after a

:14:17.:14:21.

defence psychiatrist said he was suffering from an anxiety disorder.

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The trial has been adjourned until Tuesday.

:14:26.:14:30.

Stephen Sutton, who raised over ?3 million for charity, has died in

:14:31.:14:36.

Birmingham. He aimed to raise ?10,000 but his campaign caught the

:14:37.:14:41.

public imagination and went viral online. The British by Minister

:14:42.:14:45.

joint tribute from around the world praising him for his incredible

:14:46.:14:45.

efforts. The Swedish director has died at age

:14:46.:14:55.

36. His film won the Oscar for best documentary last year. It told the

:14:56.:14:59.

story of two South Africans searching for their musical hero,

:15:00.:15:06.

Rodriguez. There were no further details but no crime, the police

:15:07.:15:11.

said, was suspected. Now, more on our top story after the

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explosion and fire in the coal mine in Turkey. Joining me from Geneva is

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a mining specialist with the International Labour Organisation.

:15:24.:15:29.

Thank you for joining us. We are hearing tragic news out of Turkey,

:15:30.:15:33.

but given the nature of coal mining and the risks people take, there are

:15:34.:15:41.

inevitable dangers, aren't they? There are major dangers inherent to

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coal mining. Miners create there in -- environment while they worked.

:15:47.:15:51.

The factory keeps changing all the time. In the case of coal mining,

:15:52.:15:58.

factors come into play - me think gas, coal dust and things that can

:15:59.:16:02.

easily lead to explosions. For this reason, a lot of precautions have to

:16:03.:16:09.

be taken. As you watch what is happening in Turkey, does it seem to

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you more precautions could have been taken or should have been taken? It

:16:13.:16:20.

is difficult to say from this far away. We are all shocked from what

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we have seen and the size of the tragedy. But I think, to make a

:16:25.:16:29.

determination of what went wrong is something that needs to be done on

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the ground by the Turkish government in context with the workers and the

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company to determine what really happened and what the reasons were.

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What can you say happens in best practice course -- best practice?

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How can workers be protected once incidents have been -- have

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occurred? Abe preventative health and safety culture should be

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implemented where recognition of safe -- safety and health is

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paramount. You need to make sure on a national level there is coherence

:17:15.:17:19.

in policies and laws and regulations. Also, in each company

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that a lot of work needs to be done both with management and workers to

:17:24.:17:30.

achieve a good safety and health culture that works. Briefly, it also

:17:31.:17:35.

needs a commitment to pay for it. These investments need to be focused

:17:36.:18:04.

on these issues. Briefly, are their countries or industries you would

:18:05.:18:08.

say our leaders in this field, in protecting coalminers? Some

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countries have been good in making sure there are zero metallic teas.

:18:24.:18:31.

It has to do with geology and a situation in a specific country but

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Australia proves there is a lot that can be done and the same is true of

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a lot of European countries. Also the US which has been quite involved

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in this. "In fourteen hundred ninety-two,

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Columbus sailed the ocean blue". So goes the song sung by American

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school children. More than five centuries on,

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it appears that the flagship of that famous expedition,

:18:58.:19:00.

leading to the colonisation of the So far, we've only had pictures

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of replicas to go on. But an American underwater

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investigator says he believes he's found the actual wreck of the

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Santa Maria. As the song has it, "He had

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three ships and left from Spain. He sailed through sunshine,

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wind and rain". And here's the route west the

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Santa Maria took from Spain, The Italian explorer was aiming to

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discover a new route to Asia, but instead he made landfall

:19:24.:19:33.

in the Caribbean, where the Santa Maria ran aground on a reef

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near Haiti on Christmas Day, 1492. Alexzandra Hildred is

:19:37.:19:40.

a marine archaeologist with the Three decades ago, she helped to

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salvage the Tudor warship, the Mary Rose, off the south coast

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of Britain, and she joins me now Welcome to the programme. Does it

:19:46.:19:58.

make your pulse quicken to hear news like this? Yes it does. It really

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was an earth-shattering voyage. The fact that they may have found the

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remains is wonderful. It makes me remember the early stages of Mary

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Rose. There might not be much there. With the Mary Rose, you brought up

:20:20.:20:23.

so much of the ship. Della Mike we don't know, but in searching for the

:20:24.:20:27.

Mary Rose to begin with, it was varied. Their problem is, it's not

:20:28.:20:34.

as buried as the Mary Rose was so there is less of the upper structure

:20:35.:20:38.

we know because they took some of the head away to make affords. There

:20:39.:20:43.

will definitely be less there, so the difficulty is of how you raise

:20:44.:20:47.

it. You were a diver on the Mary Rhodes

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projects. That was about 32 years ago. -- the Mary Rose project.

:20:55.:21:01.

Just keep going, would be my advice. The most difficult thing is to prove

:21:02.:21:04.

that it is the wreck of the Santa Maria. I know a lot of work has been

:21:05.:21:09.

done to suggest that it is, but having physical proof would be ideal

:21:10.:21:15.

because some things have already been stolen from the ship. If they

:21:16.:21:20.

excavate it have to be to the highest standard because it is such

:21:21.:21:26.

an iconic ship. Does it become an issue of who controls the operation?

:21:27.:21:34.

It does because both Haiti and Spain signed an agreement for the

:21:35.:21:38.

protection of cultural heritage, so they will be wanting to figure out

:21:39.:21:43.

who has ownership. It will be run safely, I think it is safe to say.

:21:44.:21:49.

Provided they can work together. It will be finding it that is

:21:50.:21:52.

difficult. That'll be the difficult thing. And then deciding whether and

:21:53.:22:00.

not we raised it or leave it where it is because that is considered the

:22:01.:22:03.

best for the objects rather than to let them. When you left them, you

:22:04.:22:07.

take them out of their environment and then you have to look after them

:22:08.:22:10.

forever full top difficult questions. What kind of timescale we

:22:11.:22:20.

looking at? If this is the wreckage for recovering and restoring it. It

:22:21.:22:26.

depends whether they are going to restore it. Mary Rhodes was much

:22:27.:22:33.

bigger. -- Mary Rose. It was a huge activation of four years will stop

:22:34.:22:38.

it is still ongoing. We have only just opened a museum to put the ship

:22:39.:22:44.

on show again, after 33 years of it being in conservation. Thank you.

:22:45.:22:48.

Movers and shakers of the film world have arrived at the 67th

:22:49.:22:51.

Cannes film festival for the 12-day party that also screens movies.

:22:52.:22:55.

The Festival will open with Grace of Monaco.

:22:56.:22:58.

Some of you ask, why did I leave Hollywood?

:22:59.:23:01.

Well, I left because I fell in love with a charming prince.

:23:02.:23:05.

The Festival will open with Grace of Monaco.

:23:06.:23:08.

It stars Nicole Kidman as the American golden girl,

:23:09.:23:10.

actress Grace Kelly, who married Prince Rainier of Monaco, but died

:23:11.:23:13.

after crashing her car in 1982, on a road just east of Cannes.

:23:14.:23:18.

Let's go live to Cannes and the writer Agnes Poirier,

:23:19.:23:21.

who's an independent adviser to the film festival.

:23:22.:23:24.

First, your independent opinion on the opening film, Grace of Monaco?

:23:25.:23:34.

I have just seen it. It is a tradition that can should start with

:23:35.:23:43.

a spectacular film. There a often, critics will tell you that usually

:23:44.:23:49.

are spectacular -- spectacularly bad. I'm afraid Grace of Monaco is

:23:50.:23:54.

one of those. It takes place in 1962, God no -- god knows why,

:23:55.:24:00.

during a stand-off between France and Monaco. The French president

:24:01.:24:07.

wins the argument. The problem with the film is that it is too stiff. It

:24:08.:24:14.

is wooden and badly written. Nicole Kidman is a wonderful actress but

:24:15.:24:20.

she pales in comparison to Grace Kelly. Oh dear! What a bad start. Is

:24:21.:24:30.

it going to look up? What about the other films? What about Welcome to

:24:31.:24:36.

New York? The good thing about the opening film is that things can only

:24:37.:24:39.

look bright after it. Tomorrow morning, when the film industry

:24:40.:24:44.

people will still be in bed, film critics like me will be writing. The

:24:45.:24:53.

line-up is pretty exciting. One film which is not in tradition, Welcome

:24:54.:25:04.

to New York, it is the take of a US director who is responsible for a

:25:05.:25:11.

badly tenants. -- for Adds Lieutenancy. He was accused -- it

:25:12.:25:21.

follows a man who was accused of raping a chambermaid. For a diffuse

:25:22.:25:29.

them critics who have seen the film, it is a towering performance from

:25:30.:25:35.

Gerard Depardieu. This film is very new and will be released on DVD from

:25:36.:25:43.

Friday. We are all pretty excited to see it. We were quite afraid of what

:25:44.:25:51.

it might be. We have a short time left. Have you any tips about films

:25:52.:26:00.

we should look out for? Yes, an Argentinian film called Wild Tales.

:26:01.:26:05.

We don't know much about it except that the film festival directors

:26:06.:26:13.

said it would wake people up. I think it is a good thing. Thank you

:26:14.:26:15.

very much. But for now from me and the rest

:26:16.:26:32.

of the team, goodbye. Hello. It is a warming trend over

:26:33.:27:02.

the next few days. It could be as high as the mid-20s by the weekend.

:27:03.:27:08.

It will feel warm tomorrow to bite their being more cloud around,

:27:09.:27:09.

particularly across England and Wales. Keeping it generally fine and

:27:10.:27:20.

dry, pushing rain varying weather fronts up to the far

:27:21.:27:21.

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