19/05/2014 World News Today


19/05/2014

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Catastrophic floods across the Balkans begin to recede,

:00:00.:00:11.

but officials say dangers remain. Thousands of homes have been

:00:12.:00:16.

destroyed and about 1 million people lack drinking water in the worst

:00:17.:00:20.

floods for 100 years. The Kremlin orders troops near Ukraine's border

:00:21.:00:25.

to return home but NATO claims there's no sign yet of a withdrawl.

:00:26.:00:31.

The US charges five Chinese army officers with hacking into American

:00:32.:00:35.

companies to gain trade and economic secrets. Beijing demands Washington

:00:36.:00:39.

withdraw the allegations saying they could damage relations.

:00:40.:00:42.

And is this the man to turn around Manchester United's fortunes? Fans

:00:43.:00:50.

across the world will be hoping so. Dutchman Louis van Gaal is made

:00:51.:00:54.

international aid operation is going on in Bosnia and Serbia, after the

:00:55.:01:13.

worst flooding there since records began. The River Sava which you can

:01:14.:01:17.

see here flows from Croatia, through Bosnia Herzegovina and into Serbia.

:01:18.:01:26.

It burst its banks after the equivalent of three months rain fell

:01:27.:01:29.

in just three days. Helicopters sent by the EU, the United States and

:01:30.:01:33.

Russia have been evacuating the area. 35 people have been killed and

:01:34.:01:36.

tens of thousands have been forced to leave their homes. Waters are now

:01:37.:01:40.

beginning to recede but the dangers remain. Officials say there is a

:01:41.:01:43.

threat of landslides as well as difficulties caused by unexploded

:01:44.:01:46.

Our Balkans correspondent Guy Delauney has more.

:01:47.:01:59.

The Western Balkans under water. These are the region has seen in

:02:00.:02:09.

living memory. It has forced tens of thousands of people from their

:02:10.:02:14.

homes. Three months of rain fell in just three days last week, and this

:02:15.:02:20.

is the result. International aid is coming in for people without power

:02:21.:02:27.

and freshwater. My house has been flooded up to the roof. We will

:02:28.:02:32.

really need help. In Serbia, at least the floodwater has been

:02:33.:02:37.

receding, as fears of a reserve -- are per search ease. Many people are

:02:38.:02:44.

still cut off, and food and water supplies are scarce. Just like the

:02:45.:02:48.

rest of the town, this hotel is underwater. A boat is really the

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only sensible way to get around this town now. There are some people who

:02:55.:02:59.

still remained. These rescue workers are bringing and emergency supplies

:03:00.:03:02.

for them and for the hundreds upon hundreds of people who are trying to

:03:03.:03:07.

help the situation here. Agriculture has been hit badly. Officials say it

:03:08.:03:13.

might take five years to recover. Livestock have been left to fend for

:03:14.:03:17.

themselves, and for the many uninsured farmers, it is a disaster.

:03:18.:03:23.

The aid effort flies a multitude of flags. There are rescue helicopters

:03:24.:03:28.

from the United States and Russia as well as the European Union. The

:03:29.:03:32.

sandbags remain in place, with concerns that river levels might

:03:33.:03:38.

rise later in the week. At least the rain has stopped, but there will be

:03:39.:03:41.

fresh challenges once the water recedes.

:03:42.:03:46.

The latest on the floods. President Putin has said he's

:03:47.:03:52.

ordered troops currently stationed near Russia's border with eastern

:03:53.:03:54.

Ukraine to withdraw to Earlier this year Russia seized

:03:55.:03:57.

control of Crimea in southern Ukraine which emboldened

:03:58.:04:01.

pro-Russian separatists movement

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on Russia's border with Ukraine. So far, we have not been any

:04:17.:04:32.

withdrawal. At all. I strongly regret that, because a with drawl of

:04:33.:04:42.

Russian troops would be in importance contribution to the

:04:43.:04:48.

escalating the crisis. There is no reason whatsoever why the Russians

:04:49.:04:56.

should have massive military forces at that scale along Ukrainian

:04:57.:05:04.

borders. That was the NATO Secretary General.

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Joining me from Moscow is Dimitry Babich, political analyst

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If this withdrawal fact or fiction? Very few people in Moscow, at least

:05:13.:05:26.

not amongst those I interviewed, they believe these trips can be

:05:27.:05:34.

used. The operation on the Ukrainian side of the border continues, and I

:05:35.:05:38.

would like to note that the statement was made in the context of

:05:39.:05:46.

him saying that he was happy about the context between the authorities

:05:47.:05:52.

in Kiev and the separatists in the east of Ukraine, so I'd think both

:05:53.:05:59.

of these statements are sort of peaceful movements by Putin. He

:06:00.:06:04.

wants a settlement, not an escalation of the conflict. So,

:06:05.:06:07.

these round table talks that have been held with all of the various

:06:08.:06:11.

groups in the Ukraine, a product from the separatists to the

:06:12.:06:12.

government they have got blood from the separatists to the

:06:13.:06:17.

government they have got on their hands, are you now saying that

:06:18.:06:23.

Moscow's understanding is that Kiev is now speaking to the pro-Russian

:06:24.:06:27.

separatists who wants to join Moscow? I do not think Putin was

:06:28.:06:33.

referring to the round table, because not a single representative

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of these self proclaimed republics at this round table... I think that

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Putin would not like a war next to his border. Right now, hostilities

:06:49.:06:54.

are claiming dozens of lives every day, and everyone understands that

:06:55.:06:58.

every shot fired makes a future United Ukraine a more and more

:06:59.:07:05.

distant reality. I have my own experience in Chechnya, where people

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who had been little oil Soviets -- pro-Loyalist of its citizens when it

:07:12.:07:13.

started alienated themselves from Russia. We are talking about years

:07:14.:07:22.

of side of months. In a number of months, people can be alienated from

:07:23.:07:30.

Kiev. You are talking about those regions in eastern Ukraine that held

:07:31.:07:35.

those referendums to break away from Kiev. Tell us then, briefly, in your

:07:36.:07:39.

view, this announcement by Putin, whether he has with drawn are not,

:07:40.:07:45.

is this a clear sign that Russia is moving to the escalate the tensions,

:07:46.:07:49.

to defuse the crisis in Ukraine? Putin several times that that he

:07:50.:07:55.

moved the troops away, that he was not going to use the troops in the

:07:56.:08:00.

east of Ukraine. I think we can believe him on that, because he

:08:01.:08:03.

understands that the consequences this time are going to be serious.

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The main problem is that the process has got out of control. Neither

:08:09.:08:15.

Russia nor it Kiev, unless Kiev starts negotiations with the

:08:16.:08:18.

separatists in the East, can stop the violence. Thank you very much

:08:19.:08:21.

for joining us. A new source of tensions has

:08:22.:08:26.

emerged between the US and China. Washington has filed criminal

:08:27.:08:29.

charges against five Chinese military officials whom it accuses

:08:30.:08:31.

of hacking into the computers Beijing has reacted angrily

:08:32.:08:38.

and asked the US to withdraw the allegations, but the US Attorney

:08:39.:08:42.

General Eric Holder has said the This administration will not

:08:43.:08:58.

tolerate actions by any nation that seeks to illegally sabotaged

:08:59.:09:00.

American companies and undermine the integrity of competition in the

:09:01.:09:04.

operation of the free market. This case should serve as a wake-up call

:09:05.:09:10.

to the seriousness of the ongoing cyber threats. These criminal

:09:11.:09:13.

charges represent a step forward in addressing that threat.

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That was Eric holder there. We have heard claims before but this

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is a bit different. The US has been talking about

:09:32.:09:35.

economic cyber espionage for a few years, saying there were lots of

:09:36.:09:40.

secrets. They started to point the finger at China, but we have never

:09:41.:09:44.

had erect indictment of named individuals. And the FBI website

:09:45.:09:51.

there is a section called cyber most wanted, and you can find five

:09:52.:09:57.

Chinese people on that list. You can see why this is an escalation by the

:09:58.:10:02.

US in terms of something it has been talking about for a long time, its

:10:03.:10:07.

concern about cyber economic espionage. And Beijing have reacted

:10:08.:10:15.

angrily. They have suspended cooperation in certain areas. They

:10:16.:10:18.

say they are the victims of packing and not the perpetrator is in

:10:19.:10:21.

certain areas. They say they are the victims of packing and not the

:10:22.:10:24.

perpetrators and victims and of the perpetrators. No courtesy of Edward

:10:25.:10:28.

Snowden. We know that America itself is not above going above this

:10:29.:10:34.

espionage. The US was trying to build pressure on China last year

:10:35.:10:38.

and then came along Edward Snowden, who revealed that the US was

:10:39.:10:43.

entering into Chinese companies, and that really threw the American

:10:44.:10:46.

campaign. The Americans claim that what they do is different. They say

:10:47.:10:50.

China carries out commercial espionage and gives the secrets to

:10:51.:10:53.

Chinese companies to help them economically. America claims it does

:10:54.:10:59.

not do that, but it might not hack into other companies, but that

:11:00.:11:04.

might... Some people might dispute that.

:11:05.:11:09.

But we found that her wet hacking going on by the Americans. Do people

:11:10.:11:17.

accept that claim from the US? A lot of people want except that. That is

:11:18.:11:21.

the American claim that they have made consistently, and that is why

:11:22.:11:25.

they say what China does is different, and now, after a year on

:11:26.:11:29.

the back foot, they are trying to once again present this case with

:11:30.:11:33.

China Tuesday, we may do traditional espionage, but we don't want you

:11:34.:11:37.

doing this commercial espionage. How do you think this will unravel? The

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Chinese are not likely to submit these officials for trial. There is

:11:43.:11:47.

no chance of these people being suddenly put on a plane and sent to

:11:48.:11:52.

America. It is a symbolic step but it raises the temperature. How will

:11:53.:11:57.

China respond? What America wants is for China Tuesday, we do not want

:11:58.:12:00.

this pressure, we will stand back from some of this more aggressive

:12:01.:12:04.

commercial espionage, the Americans as they are happening and scare them

:12:05.:12:09.

off, but will be Chinese retaliate in some other way? It is possible.

:12:10.:12:14.

There are risks to this strategy. Thank you. More fighting has been

:12:15.:12:56.

reported in the city between rival militia. Troops at an Air Force base

:12:57.:13:01.

in the eastern city are reported to have joined forces with a rogue

:13:02.:13:05.

general who the government accuses of trying to mount a coup. Partial

:13:06.:13:12.

results from last month's elections in Iraq show the coalition of the

:13:13.:13:15.

Prime Minister is the biggest winner. Although he is unlikely to

:13:16.:13:19.

win an outright majority, he is likely to remain as Prime Minister

:13:20.:13:26.

for a third term. The defence in the trial of the former Bosnian Serb

:13:27.:13:31.

army chief on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity has a

:13:32.:13:37.

bend in The Hague. He faces a total of 11 charges, the most serious of

:13:38.:13:40.

which is his alleged involvement in a massacre of more than 7000 Muslim

:13:41.:13:46.

men and boys in 1995. His defence argues that he was simply a soldier

:13:47.:13:58.

following orders. For many of the survivors, his face is synonymous

:13:59.:14:02.

with their severing. The prosecution used this but age of the general on

:14:03.:14:08.

the battlefield during their case. Here he is, just before the

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slaughter started. His defence will argue that paramilitary groups were

:14:17.:14:20.

responsible for the massacre, that he had no idea that these atrocities

:14:21.:14:25.

among the worst since the Second World War, were being committed, and

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that all commands even by this self-proclaimed patriot for purely

:14:31.:14:33.

designed to defend his people. The first defence witness was an

:14:34.:14:40.

assisting commander in Mladic's Army. He served in Sarajevo during

:14:41.:14:48.

the three year siege, in which approximately 12,000 people were

:14:49.:14:54.

killed, most of them Muslim. General Mladic's forces are confused --

:14:55.:14:58.

accused of shelling and sniping, designed to kill and spread terror

:14:59.:15:06.

amongst civilians. The first witnesses evidence relates to the

:15:07.:15:12.

use of snipers. He denied they had access to site -- rifles with

:15:13.:15:18.

optical sight. He also told the court they were under orders only to

:15:19.:15:23.

open fire in the event of an enemy attack. According to the

:15:24.:15:29.

prosecution, Mladic was part of a targeted campaign designed to

:15:30.:15:31.

ethnically cleanse parts of Bosnia and turn them into an ethnically

:15:32.:15:36.

your republic. The defence has been given the same amount of time as the

:15:37.:15:41.

prosecution to present their side of the case, and that is 207 hours,

:15:42.:15:47.

which means, in theory, this high-profile trial could go on for

:15:48.:15:55.

at least another two years. For those whose relatives lie here,

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justice can only be served if Mladic stays alive for long enough to faith

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his final legal judgment. Across Syria,

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it's difficult to imagine that despite the horrors of the war,

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normal human activity carries on. For instance students have begun

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sitting their public exams. Thousands

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of schools have been destroyed and millions of children displaced

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during the bloody conflict. So it is extremely tough for some

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children to even get to school. Our Chief International

:16:28.:16:35.

Correspondent Lyse Doucet got rare access to the besieged Palestinian

:16:36.:16:37.

camp of Yarmouk, on the edge of Damascus, and reports

:16:38.:16:39.

on the students' hazardous journey Yarmouk -

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the refugee camp for Palestinians that is now a symbol for suffering.

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It has been besieged by government forces for nearly and torn by the

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fight against rebels. On this day and there's a moment of

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calm and an agreement to let students out. The skills across

:17:15.:17:22.

Syria face final tests. We heard gunfire just before their journey

:17:23.:17:29.

started. Students trying to fit that smacks it there is 's may seem

:17:30.:17:42.

simple thing but here in Yarmouk, it took days of negotiations for a

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cease-fire. In the last visit to Yarmouk, we saw how desperate

:17:48.:17:50.

conditions are. Thousands of families trapped inside, depending

:17:51.:17:55.

on food aid, but only getting a quarter of what they need to

:17:56.:17:59.

survive, because the situation is so volatile. No wonder there is such

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relief when the students finally emerge. This man has not seen his

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daughter for ten months. He tells me, my happiness is so big. I can

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spread it around the world. You seem very happy. Thank you. Bosses

:18:33.:18:36.

organised by the UN agency for Palestinian refugees take students

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away. They call the parents they left behind, and try to remember the

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streets that they have not seen for months. -- buses. When they arrive

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at the schools, that now serve as shelters, there are more tearful

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reunions. It is not to get the permission or not to have the

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permission, to have a small movement of people in and out, so that we

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feel that we have the choice to move. Exams are not the only thing

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on the minds of students who have escaped from a living hell. We have

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to eat food that no one can eat, grass, spices. Life is difficult

:19:22.:19:27.

inside. You cannot understand it until you live here. I was outside

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the house when I came home. I found that a rocket landed and my mother

:19:34.:19:36.

and two sisters were killed, my other two sisters injured. Every day

:19:37.:19:46.

we went to school. We put all hands on our hearts, because so many

:19:47.:19:50.

people had died, but we insisted we had to go to school. Of course we

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were scared but we had to continue. If we lose our future, no one can

:19:56.:20:03.

help us. It is straight to revision for their exams. They know how much

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they matter. But when they are over, it is back to Yarmouk, well their

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lives, and their future, is not in their hands. The challenges for

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children in Syria. Louis van Gaal has been named

:20:28.:20:31.

as manager of Manchester United. The Dutchman has signed a three-year

:20:32.:20:34.

contract to succeed David Moyes, who left the club last month after

:20:35.:20:37.

a difficult ten months in the job. The footballer Ryan Giggs has been

:20:38.:20:40.

announced as his assistant, thereby ending his long playing

:20:41.:20:43.

career with the club. But all eyes will be

:20:44.:20:46.

on Louis van Gaal, to see if he can turn around the club after

:20:47.:20:48.

their worst season in many years. Let's get more on this

:20:49.:20:53.

from our Sports team. Louis van Gaal says this will be a

:20:54.:21:05.

fantastic challenge. He will have to put in a good performance. He said

:21:06.:21:12.

he was offered the job back in 2002 when Sir Alex Ferguson was going to

:21:13.:21:16.

stand down from the position. He went on for another 11 years after

:21:17.:21:21.

that. Better late than never, many would say, but he takes over as the

:21:22.:21:28.

Manchester United manager. He has managed iPAQs and Barcelona and

:21:29.:21:33.

Bayern Munich in the past. We must put this in perspective. 62 years of

:21:34.:21:38.

age. He has Ryan Giggs in place as his assistant. Is this a long-term

:21:39.:21:43.

plan? Will he be there for three years and then hand his place over?

:21:44.:21:49.

He has been in charge at the Netherlands when they have failed to

:21:50.:21:53.

qualify for the World Cup finals. They were beaten in Brazil. And he

:21:54.:21:58.

was sacked by Barcelona in his second spell at the club after

:21:59.:22:02.

leaving them in mid-season only three points above the relegation

:22:03.:22:06.

zone. He is known for nurturing young players and bringing them

:22:07.:22:10.

through, as he did at IMAX when he won the Champions League and league

:22:11.:22:14.

title double back in 1995, it is going to be a tough test for him,

:22:15.:22:18.

but it is one that he will look forward to. He has a very tough,

:22:19.:22:27.

strict style of management. His nickname is the iron tulip. That

:22:28.:22:30.

gives away what he wants to do with his players. He is strong and is

:22:31.:22:34.

open. He expects the same from his players. It will be interesting to

:22:35.:22:40.

see if Manchester United can return to Europe because the are in Europe

:22:41.:22:46.

next season, for the first time in 25 years.

:22:47.:22:57.

Earlier we brought you the latest on the crisis in Ukraine. Well,

:22:58.:23:00.

one Ukrainian singer and composer, Marianna Sadovska,

:23:01.:23:02.

has been bringing her musical reflection on the situation to

:23:03.:23:04.

She has brought her Chernobyl Harvest to the

:23:05.:23:08.

Barbican Centre, in a concert with the American Kronos Quartet.

:23:09.:23:11.

Alexander Kan, the BBC Russian Service's Cultural Editor,

:23:12.:23:13.

went along to hear the music and to speak to her.

:23:14.:23:39.

Chernobyl harvest is a haunting requiem for the Soviet nuclear

:23:40.:23:47.

disaster in Ukraine, in 1986 from Marianni Sadovska. The composition

:23:48.:24:06.

uses traditional songs. The area is full of polluted by the disaster.

:24:07.:24:10.

The invention of Marianni Sadovska was not only to remind people of

:24:11.:24:17.

Chernobyl but also of Ukraine's national and cultural identity. We

:24:18.:24:23.

are not Russian, our language is not a Russian dialect. We have a

:24:24.:24:29.

generation who grew up with does not know what Chernobyl was. This is to

:24:30.:24:38.

be the voice of that generation. Today, Ukraine is going through a

:24:39.:24:44.

different national crisis. With the country being literally torn apart,

:24:45.:24:48.

and standing on the brink of civil war, Marianni Sadovska believes that

:24:49.:24:51.

music can become a weapon in this struggle. My culture in this moment

:24:52.:25:00.

is at war, and under occupation. It is not easy, I must say, because I

:25:01.:25:12.

have a voice, all my friends and family know that we have to sing, we

:25:13.:25:15.

have to be heard, throughout Europe. By commissioning the piece

:25:16.:25:24.

long before the current crisis, David Harrington, a musician, not

:25:25.:25:27.

politician, was first and foremost enchanted by the voice of Marianni

:25:28.:25:32.

Sadovska and of the Ukrainian ethnic songs. I do not think that Chernobyl

:25:33.:25:40.

harvest is going to solve all the problems that exist right now in

:25:41.:25:44.

Ukraine and Russia. I am not sure of that, but it is definitely moving

:25:45.:25:52.

things in a positive direction. Marianni Sadovska's Chernobyl

:25:53.:25:59.

harvest was given its premiere last July in a different year. But

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today, the piece has acquired a much more powerful set of political

:26:05.:26:06.

connotations. Officials and volunteers are working

:26:07.:26:13.

feverishly to contain the floods across the Balkans,

:26:14.:26:17.

with emergency teams being called Serbia and Bosnia are struggling

:26:18.:26:20.

with the worst flooding in At least 35 people have died

:26:21.:26:24.

in five days of flooding caused Entire towns and villages are under

:26:25.:26:29.

water, thousands of hills have

:26:30.:26:35.

crumpled into landslides and tens of thousands have been

:26:36.:26:38.

forced to flee their homes. That's it from me and the team.

:26:39.:26:50.

Again, the, night offers a mixture of weather across the British Isles,

:26:51.:27:05.

mild in all areas but some thunderstorm activity. Tomorrow,

:27:06.:27:10.

some of us seeing quite a bit of warm sunshine. Others, some heavy

:27:11.:27:12.

downpours. It

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