20/05/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. Two big


explosions have hit the central Nigerian city of Jos. The bombs,


concealed in a lorry and a minibus, hit a busy marketplace. Up to 46


people are reported dead. The Thai Army has imposed martial law after


months of political tension. It insists this is not a coup. As the


first person in the UK is convicted of terrorist offences in relation to


the war in Syria, police warn that anyone travelling to "fight jihad"


there is "highly likely" to be arrested on their return. And as


rock-and-roll turns 60, we will look at the song that started it all.


Hello and welcome. Two large explosions have struck a city in the


centre of Nigeria. The blasts hit a crowded marketplace in Jos, a city


that has been at the centre of ethnic and religious clashes for


years. These are some of the latest images the BBC is getting showing


the devastation in the city which lies between the country's mainly


Muslim north and mainly Christian south. Police are telling the BBC


that at least 46 people have died, many more are injured. It isn't


known who is responsible. Suspicions are likely to turn to Boko Haram who


carried out a spate of recent bombings in Nigeria. We can get the


latest for you from our correspondent Will Ross in the


Nigerian capital, Abuja, what are you hearing? Police are saying that


46 people were killed in the two bombs. They were close together


these two bomb-blasts. One close to a market, where there were many


stalls set up on a busy road. The second one, a few minutes later,


right outside the hospital where some of the victims were already


being taken. It seems the two blasts were aimed at causing a maximum


number of casualties, just as the attacks, the recent attacks on


Abuja, people will remember those attacks were on a very busy bus


park. Scenes of chaos in the area of course because it was so busy at the


time. Large crowds gathering and the emergency services struggling to get


crowds away and then get people to the hospitals. Already, religious


leaders in the area are appealing for calm and for people not to carry


out any kind of revenge attacks. Will Ross, in Abuja, thank you very


much. With me here is Peter Okwoche from the BBC's focus on Africa


programme. Peter, you are are from Jos originally. What are you


hearing? The details are quite sketchy. This only just happened.


What we do know about this market, where these explosions took place,


the biggest market in the city. A market where I shopped a few times


during my university years. There is a car park next to it, a bus park


term news next to it. Whoever planned this attack, if indeed it


was an attack, must have picked that spot because they knew at this time


of the day, that particular time of the day, there would be a lot of


people there. It's practically in the centre of Jos. Maximum impact?


Maximum impact. That is what I believe they have been aiming for.


We are not quite sure if it was an attack. Jos, there have been


tensions and attacks there too? Jos lies on the faultline of the


Christian south and the Muslim north. And Jos has really beautiful


climate. A place where a lot of people from all parts of the country


migrated to in the 60s and 70s. That is how my parents end up there. I


was born there. There have been tensions with the people of the area


and settlers from the north of the country, who they claim came to take


the land away from them and spoil their crops, and stuff like that. In


the past there have been ethnic tensions as well as religious


tensions. We are seeing what could potentially be attacks by Boko


Haram, which have happened in the past before. The finger of suspicion


has been pointed to them first given what happened in the last few weeks?


Absolutely. I think so. Simply because these explosions, these


bombs were actually placed in buses. That is the modus operandi of Boko


Haram. We have seen that in the Federal territory in recent weeks.


That is how they carry out their own attacks. We will hear eventually


that these attacks were carried out by Boko Haram. The point they are


making is, we are not just about the north-east, we may have a stronghold


there, but we can terrorise across the area? Nobody quite believed when


they hit Abuja on 14th May and did it a couple of days later. They are


telling people, we are coming for you. They have sent letters, as far


as we know, to other state capitals further south telling them that - we


can reach you if we want to. Peter Okwoche thank you for coming into


the studio. To Thailand, where the caretaker Prime Minister is pleading


with the Army to act peacefully and within the constitution following


its imposition of martial law. He has been calling for fresh elections


in August. The Army says has been calling for fresh elections


country split by deep political divisions, it's taken control to


ensure law and order, including control of many radio


ensure law and order, including stations. It has also blocked many


roads around the capital, Bangkok, in order to control the streets. The


more on the latest dramatic turn of events, this report from the BBC's


Jonah Fisher. After seven months of demonstrations on the streets of the


Thai capital, the army decided it had seen enough. In the early hours


of this morning, troops moved in. Blocking Bangkok's streets,


surrounding protest sites and occupying television stations. Army


commander Prayuth Chan-Ocha declared martial law had been introduced to


prevent bloodshed and restore stability, he said. He stopped short


of stability, he said. He stopped short


is now firmly in charge stability, he said. He stopped short


status of the elected government vague. It's not clear what forced


the army's hands, as the protests dragged on, they have become


Evermore violent and unpredictable. This week the leader of the


anti-government movement, called for a final battle in what has become a


desperate attempt to seize powers. Many of his supporters are wealthy


residents. They see politics as being hopelessly corrupted by the


former Prime Minister, Thaksin Shinawatra. Two weeks ago the courts


forced Thaksin Shinawatra's sister to step down. More will depend on


how the government supporters respond to the army's move. There is


an almost eerie calm here. Many of the soldiers have returned to


barracks, on the surface, at least, this is a very discreet form of


martial law. Having decided to step in, the onus is now very much on the


Thai military to try and broker some sort of way out of Thailand's


political crisis. The other news: Bosnian officials say more than a


quarter of the population has been left without clean water after


severe flooding across many parts of former Yugoslavia. The rain has


stopped. There are fears that dead livestock could pose a health hazard


as the weather warms up. More than half a million people have been


forced out of their homes across the region. The United States says the


CIA ended the use of vaccine programmes in it is spying


operations in Pakistan in August because of concern for the safety of


health workers. Genetic material obtained through a fake door-to-door


vaccination campaign reportedly helped the CIA track down Osama bin


Laden. Pakistan is now in the grip of a polio crisis partly because


health workers and vaccine programmes have been killed by the


Pakistani Taliban. A freight train has crashed into a passenger train


just outside Moscow, killing at least six people and injuring


dozens. According to officials, carriages on the goods train


derailed and hit the passenger train on its way to Chisinau in Moldova.


The cause of the crash has not yet been established. Traffic on the


line, which also serves Kiev an Ukraine, has also been suspended. A


31-year-old man has become the first person in the UK to be convicted of


terrorist offences in connection with the conflict of Syria. Father


of two, Mashudur Choudhury, was convicted of engaging in conduct in


preparation for terrorist acts after travelling to Syria to attend a


terrorist training camp. With me now is Jonathan Russell from the


counter-extremism think-tank, The Quilliam Foundation. Tell me


something about how counter-extremism think-tank, The


Quilliam Foundation. Tell the case against Choudhury was developed? Is


was develop It ed through his social media activity. This is interesting


to us. Not only because it's the first conviction of a Britton for


terrorism-related activity in relation to the Syria conflict, also


because we see again the use of the internet and the use of social media


in his radicalisation. -- Briton. Is that a common theme? Certainly. We


released a report about countering extremism online. Looking at the


state of extremism and the best ways to counter it. We see actually


online is simply a continuation of offline these days. Therefore,


radicalisation does not solely happen online, we can pick up


certain signals from online behaviour and, crucially, we can use


the internet to spread counter speech and spread counter narratives


to combat extremism and terrorism-related offences. How can


you spread that? Say the Home Office or police departments may want to


get out the message that, you know, if you go to Syria and come back


after fighting, we will arrest you. They are not credible with the kind


of young men who will go out to fight? Of course. That is why there


needs to be a combination of efforts. This conviction acts as a


stick, if you like, to act as a disincentive for people to go and


fight. The legal precedent, of course, to convict people who fight


alongside terrorist groups in countries like Syria has existed


since the 2000 and the 2006 Terrorism Act. But the efforts must


also be added to with preventative measures. What we are suggesting is


online preventative measures. We get a combination of public sector,


private-sector and third sector initiatives together to improve


effectiveness with these counter marrives. How much effective use of


social ya media do you see from Muslim elders, from those within the


community who might get listened to, it's those voices you need online


with a different narrative, doesn't it? Occasionally. We see a change,


in fact, perhaps 20 years ago the elders in the communities might have


been useful to this. We see that as a cause of the problem, rather than


a solution. We see now that third generation are the ones who are


disenfranchised with their fathers or grandfathers who perhaps are in


control of the mosques and who are the so-called community leaders.


They want to surge ahead themselves and create their own political


consciousness and solve their own identity crisis. Onto their ground?


We have to engage with young British Muslims. The overwhelming majority


going to fight in Syria are young British, 18-25-year-olds, who care


about this crisis, as much as I do. Jonathan Russell, we have to leave


it there. Thank you for coming in to talk us through that. The search has


resumed for four British sailors who have been missing in the Atlantic


since Friday. The US Coastguard confirmed it began searching again


after an online petition gathered 200,000 signatures. The yacht,


Cheeky Rafiki, was sailing back from a regret a in the Caribbean. They


got into difficulty 1,000 miles off Cape Cod. Dame Ellen MacArthur, who


twice broke the world record for the fastest solo circumnavigation of the


globe, told the BBC she backed the families' push for a renewed search.


Obviously, in looking for the boat itself, they would have been looking


for the life raft. There is a slim chance they would have missed it.


There is a chance. I think that is what so many people have come


together behind, that little chance. If there is a hope, if will is a


chance, we should take that and see if we can find them one more time.


The United Nations Refugee Agency says at least 10,000 people have


been displaced from their homes in Ukraine since the crisis there


started. Most of them are ethnic Tatars who left Crimea. In the east


meanwhile, pro-Kiev drivers have been honking their horns today in


support of UEFA Cup unity calls from the powerful Ukrainian business


tycoon, Rinat Akhmetov. This is a new, very noisy strategy by those


who are against what is happening here in eastern Ukraine at the


moment. They are angry at the political separatismle they


moment. They are angry at the angry at the attempts to succeed


from Ukraine. They are angry at the groups roaming through the streets


of this region. This whole thing had been planned to be a peaceful rally


in this city, a couple of hours drive from here in Donetsk. Tens of


thousands planning to take part. It had to be called


thousands planning to take part. It march. Now we had a call by a big


steel company, the largest march. Now we had a call by a big


Donetsk, every day at 12 noon people should come out in their cars, sound


their horns and show their dissatisfaction with what is


happening. These are people who are determined to take part in the


Presidential election this determined to take part in the


Determined to be part of a united Ukraine, the other side as to what


we have seen up until now from those Ukraine, the other side as to what


proseparatist groups. They are determined to have their voices


the Russian president Vladimir Putin has been meeting his Chinese


President Putin told Chinese state media that expanding cooperation


with China is his country's diplomatic priority.


He described China as a reliable friend and Russia's


It's believed the two countries could sign a major gas deal,


although Mr Putin's spokesman says they've yet to agree a price.


The summit is meant to be all about improving security and stability


across the whole of Asia but it is one relationship in particular that


is attracting key attention. With the Russian president feeling the


cold shoulder of Western diplomacy, makes his arrival here in Shanghai


be a chance to seek the shelter of China's Warman brace? On the eve of


the summit, President Putin was quoted as saying...


This is a summit in which the body language and presentation matter. In


fact, China is investing a great deal NX system S, pretty much


shutting down Shanghai, ordering schools and businesses home for the


day. But despite the sense of warm ties, you can be sure that behind


the scenes some of the old tensions will be lurking. The Russia-China


relationship may not be as warm as it seems. With its European gas


market suddenly under threat over the problems of Ukraine there is


talk that Moscow is ready to sign an agreement to pump huge quantities of


gas to China. It was all smiles today as they signed a number of


trade pacts at no sign yet of that gas deal. Some suggest that behind


the scenes, Beijing is using Moscow's desperation for upmarket to


drive a hard price. Amidst the tight security, efforts to strengthen


regionwide security which may be harder than the public


pronouncements suggest. As Russia builds up its ties in


the East, there's been an obvious cooling of relations with the West -


notably over Ukraine - that has left many European countries very


anxious to end their reliance One much touted option is fracking -


the controversial process of fracturing rock under high


pressure to release oil and gas But opposition throughout


Europe is fierce. A survey released here in the UK


today found support So let's bring you some of the facts


of fracking with independent scientist Professor Richard Davies


of Durham University, who joins us Thank you for being with us. From


your research, why do people tend to be concerned about fracking?


Lots of people have seen evocative images of people lighting gas as it


comes out of taps in the United States. It is important to add that


they could like this gas before racking even started. But that sort


of imagery travels around really quickly and gets people concerned


that racking his cause in water contamination. Also, as we know in


the UK, there had been an earthquake in the UK of 2.3 magnitude that was


caused by fracking and that obviously gets people concerned.


When you think about the UK as a pretty friendly island. When he


compared it to the United States were fracking takes place but a


completely different scale. That's right but there are parts of


the United States that are similar to the United Kingdom. But we have


quite a compact island and the widespread open places the US has an


necessarily available here. You have travelled around Eastern


Europe. Where have you seen potential for fracking and concerned


for the public? Bulgaria and Ukraine may be


appropriate. Romania is barely on -- very early on in the process and


Ukraine are also looking at it. How important is it as a source?


It could be important but it is incredibly important also to say


that many more wells would needs to be drilled. There are rocks under


ground that are theoretical. These volumes of gas people talk about our


theoretical and until some in producers economically and with


permission of society, those numbers should be treated with caution.


How close are we to fracking being a significant source of energy in the


UK? It has been a slow process in the


UK. There are two wells in the last three years which is not a quick


development. It may take 20, up to 40 wells to see whether the rocks


really are appropriate and that they are maybe we will see more activity.


Rock Around the Clock, widely considered to be the song


that brough rock n' roll into the mainstream, turns 60 today.


To celebrate, the BBC has produced this cover version to


With me is the Radio 2 and 6 Music journalist and presenter Matt


Everitt who plays drums on latest version of Rock Around The Clock.


Yes, that's me playing the drums. It is like being asked to paint the


Mona Lisa again. It sounds all right, I think.


It is a very good thing to bring into the programme and it is


something that keeps coming back into public consciousness.


There is an enormously important song. It was the first rock 'n' roll


song to enter public consciousness. It inspired countless generations of


musicians, Elvis, Led Zeppelin, they all heard Rock Around The Clock. It


doesn't sound like anything else, even to this day. It has a swing to


it. It hasn't aged at all. Bill Haley is not your most likely


trailblazer. That's right. He didn't have the


songwriting skills of Buddy Holly or craziness of Little Richard. He was


quite chubby looking but there is something about the track and it was


captured in just two takes. It was the other side of the desk.


It wasn't even going to be be a side and it wasn't until it was used in a


film that it became the soundtrack to teenage rebellion.


Seeing it as an anthem, I do have to think about the kind of yours it


came after -- years. There had been other rock 'n'


came after -- years. singles at nothing like this. It's


just a ridiculously energetic song. The guitar solo especially is just


off the hook. He can hear traces of that in Jimi Hendrix and


off the hook. He can hear traces of capture some of the energy and some


of the virtuosity. Even though it was just knocked out which is why it


sounds so great. And British listeners can hear that


documentary on BBC Radio York two. Yes and the effects are still being


heard to this day. Yes and the effects are still being


I like that John Lennon said this is the moment it all started.


Yes, the Beatles talk very much about being inspired by that song.


But you could say the same of Dave Gilmour from Pink Floyd. It is far


reaching in so many ways and doesn't matter that Bill Haley didn't write


it himself or had a few hits after that. That's where it all started


and where rock 'n' roll inspired everybody to become a musician and


try to create that garage sounding racket and energetic sound.


Hopefully we have done it justice, I hope we have. It was good to hear


from you and speak to you. Police in Nigeria say


at least 46 people have been killed in two explosions in


the central Nigerian city of Jos. A journalist counted


at least 38 bodies at It is not known who's responsible


for the blasts but the Islamist militant group Boko Haram has


carried out a spate It has been another day of contrasts


across the British Isles and looks like it will be something similar


across the course of


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