02/06/2014 World News Today


02/06/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.

:00:00.:00:07.

King Juan Carlos of Spain announces he will abdicate, after

:00:08.:00:11.

The King says a new generation has to be at the forefront.

:00:12.:00:17.

His son, Crown Prince Felipe, is to become the new king.

:00:18.:00:20.

Spain's ambassador in London tells us there is much to

:00:21.:00:23.

It's a challenge for the future, and for the splendid new king,

:00:24.:00:29.

Felipe VI. He has been the key figure

:00:30.:00:32.

The White House unveils new plans to curb greenhouse emissions,

:00:33.:00:38.

aiming to cut emissions from power plants by 30% by 2030.

:00:39.:00:43.

Qatar's winning bid to hold the 2022 World Cup comes under investigation

:00:44.:00:48.

by FIFA, as allegations emerge of corruption in their campaign.

:00:49.:00:53.

And how one Cuban changed his life by making the treacherous

:00:54.:00:57.

ocean crossing to Florida on just his wind-surfing board.

:00:58.:01:15.

King Juan Carlos is to abdicate in favour of his son Prince Felipe

:01:16.:01:23.

King Juan Carlos' reign ushered democracy into Spain but

:01:24.:01:30.

in recent years the monarchy has been battered by

:01:31.:01:33.

royal scandals, including corruption allegations against his son-in-law.

:01:34.:01:37.

The King has spoken to the Spanish people saying it's time

:01:38.:01:41.

for a younger, energised generation to take the country forward.

:01:42.:01:44.

A message from the King to the people of Spain.

:01:45.:01:52.

King Juan Carlos telling them he was abdicating to make way for his son.

:01:53.:01:58.

TRANSLATION: Today, a new generation must lead.

:01:59.:02:02.

Younger people with more energy, determined to push through with

:02:03.:02:05.

the reforms we need and to face our future challenges.

:02:06.:02:09.

I've only ever wanted to contribute to the welfare

:02:10.:02:11.

This was the key moment of Juan Carlos's reign.

:02:12.:02:19.

1981, and members of the Spanish armed forces seize control

:02:20.:02:22.

They're hoping to revive the authoritarianism of the late

:02:23.:02:29.

But the young King spoke up for democracy and they were defeated.

:02:30.:02:36.

I wasn't afraid for Spain, because I knew what the rest,

:02:37.:02:39.

and what the whole majority of the armed forces and the people

:02:40.:02:43.

in general wanted, and really needed for me to do that night.

:02:44.:02:49.

After the 2004 Madrid bombings, the Royal family visited survivors

:02:50.:03:02.

in hospital. He was seen as a man for the people.

:03:03.:03:11.

His youngest daughter, Princess Cristina,

:03:12.:03:14.

caught up in a corruption scandal and the King himself criticised

:03:15.:03:17.

in 2012 after a lavish elephant hunt in Botswana as Spaniards faced the

:03:18.:03:20.

All that damage, as much as failing health, may have played

:03:21.:03:28.

a role in Juan Carlos's decision to hand the crown to his son Felipe.

:03:29.:03:36.

And the new royal generation now under pressure to restore

:03:37.:03:39.

Well, demonstrations have begun in parts of Spain.

:03:40.:03:47.

Partly organised by Spain's left-wing parties,

:03:48.:03:50.

who are calling for a referendum on whether Spain should continue

:03:51.:03:53.

What are we expecting on that demonstration front? I think it will

:03:54.:04:13.

be interesting to see whether we see really in large numbers on the

:04:14.:04:16.

streets and night. I predict not, but I might be wrong. I think we

:04:17.:04:20.

will see tens of thousands of people turn out, particularly from the left

:04:21.:04:25.

or supported by the political left. Parties here in the elections

:04:26.:04:30.

recently picked up 20% of the vote, so it is a significant section of

:04:31.:04:36.

the population in that -- in Spain that would support a republic.

:04:37.:04:43.

Republicanism is much more mainstream and potent than it was in

:04:44.:04:47.

Britain. I don't think we will see hundreds of thousands on the

:04:48.:04:50.

streets, that would be a game changer, that would show that people

:04:51.:04:53.

are pushing for some kind of change against the institutions want

:04:54.:04:59.

themselves. What are people saying in the dread about this news? A

:05:00.:05:04.

short time ago, I was -- in the Madrid? I was at the ambassadors

:05:05.:05:08.

palace, he said the announcement can completely by surprise. I think

:05:09.:05:16.

there is a lot of surprise here. I do not think there is shock. If you

:05:17.:05:20.

go back to the beginning of the year to that corruption scandal, Princess

:05:21.:05:24.

Cristina, the youngest daughter of the King, had to appear in court in

:05:25.:05:30.

a long-running corruption investigation, back then we met with

:05:31.:05:33.

royal officials and they were keen to point out that application was

:05:34.:05:37.

not an option. Why has it happened six months on? Possibly because

:05:38.:05:41.

there is less speculation in the media, there has been a lull in

:05:42.:05:48.

whether the King might abdicate. There has been less media pressure,

:05:49.:05:52.

maybe the Royal family and the King himself think it is a better moment.

:05:53.:05:56.

As the King has pointed to himself and royal officials have said this,

:05:57.:06:01.

he has become less popular, his son, Prince Felipe, has become more

:06:02.:06:05.

popular. There is no doubt that the Royal household hope that Felipe can

:06:06.:06:10.

turn things around and stem the tide, especially of young people,

:06:11.:06:14.

moving away and sporting the monarchy less in the country. --

:06:15.:06:20.

supporting the monarchy. A short time ago, I sat down with the

:06:21.:06:27.

ambassador from Spain and he told us more about what's King Juan

:06:28.:06:29.

Carlos's abdication would mean for his country. Yes, perhaps only a few

:06:30.:06:36.

people around the King himself, and the Royal family, new the decision

:06:37.:06:43.

of the King. But, perhaps, we should think that, the King was allowed

:06:44.:06:53.

this decision in the last six months. He said this morning, his

:06:54.:07:00.

last birthday, which I think is the 5th of January, he perhaps took the

:07:01.:07:05.

decision and after that, perhaps was reflecting on that. Did the news

:07:06.:07:12.

come as a shock to you personally? Yes, because in our country, Juan

:07:13.:07:17.

Carlos has been a key figure in the last 40 years. In politics. Our

:07:18.:07:24.

history, of recent history, he took over the power from Franco, and was

:07:25.:07:30.

able to give it back to the people. And he managed to democracy, the

:07:31.:07:36.

freedom, the piece, everything. I put it to you that King Juan Carlos

:07:37.:07:42.

has left the monarchy in slightly less robust shape that when he came

:07:43.:07:49.

to the throne in 1975. He has been able to understand, the political

:07:50.:07:52.

realities are changing all over Europe and all over the world. And

:07:53.:07:57.

then he was always a very wise man. I think it is the wisdom and the

:07:58.:08:07.

experience, he decided to put on the front line, he decided to go out

:08:08.:08:13.

because the Prince, Prince Felipe is a very well-prepared man. He is

:08:14.:08:17.

young man, I think he took that decision. How far did his low

:08:18.:08:22.

approval ratings, particularly compared to his son, Crown Prince

:08:23.:08:27.

Felipe come influence his decision to abdicate? I think nowadays, we

:08:28.:08:39.

will see, nowadays, you can take account of the main political

:08:40.:08:42.

forces, the People's party and the Socialist party, they are 84% in the

:08:43.:08:53.

last general election, they are supporting the King and the Crown

:08:54.:08:58.

and the monarchy as the system. I think not, I think the King is

:08:59.:09:05.

regulating his figure with the decision. In this time of austerity

:09:06.:09:12.

for Spain, can meet country afford a monarchy? Of course, I think the

:09:13.:09:19.

monarchy is a symbol of stability. And the young King, the new king, is

:09:20.:09:24.

linked with the same feeling of the young of the country. I remember,

:09:25.:09:32.

Prince Felipe was always asking the defence secretary about the salary

:09:33.:09:36.

of the troops, the family of the military people, visiting them

:09:37.:09:43.

abroad, the missions in Afghanistan or Bosnia, etc. He is a man with a

:09:44.:09:52.

new feeling for the new realities. That was Spain's ambassador to

:09:53.:09:54.

London talking to me short time ago. The US government has announced

:09:55.:09:57.

a sweeping plan to curb climate change by cutting carbon dioxide

:09:58.:10:00.

emissions from power plants It's a key part of President Obama's

:10:01.:10:03.

climate change initiative and the environmental protection

:10:04.:10:07.

agency says it will improve people's But many

:10:08.:10:10.

in the coal industry accuse Mr Obama of waging a war on coal, and say

:10:11.:10:15.

they'll fight the regulations. Aleem Maqbool reports

:10:16.:10:20.

from coal country in West Virginia. The world's carbon emissions are

:10:21.:10:27.

at record levels. America is one

:10:28.:10:30.

of the chief culprits, burning vast amounts of coal, producing more than

:10:31.:10:33.

double the amount of greenhouse gas But announced today,

:10:34.:10:36.

the most significant environmental All told, in 2030, when the States

:10:37.:10:44.

meet their final goals, our proposal will result in 30% less

:10:45.:10:51.

carbon pollution from the power sector across the United States,

:10:52.:10:55.

in comparison to 2005 levels. That is... Thank you.

:10:56.:11:01.

APPLAUSE But here's the thing,

:11:02.:11:07.

when they talk about cutting carbon dioxide emissions from power plants

:11:08.:11:10.

like this one, there is really only one effective way to do that,

:11:11.:11:13.

and that's to burn less coal. It's why many in the industry here

:11:14.:11:17.

in America accuse President Obama The hills of West Virginia sit

:11:18.:11:20.

on massive coal reserves, Executives from the industry here

:11:21.:11:29.

say the new rules are going to have a major impact on America's

:11:30.:11:35.

competitiveness on the world stage. It comes on the heels of a number

:11:36.:11:39.

of initiatives and programmes from this president and from this

:11:40.:11:47.

administration that has already We're dealing with

:11:48.:11:52.

a very radical environmental community that would like to see

:11:53.:12:01.

coal eradicated completely. In spite of America's massive

:12:02.:12:04.

power needs, many environmentalists They're happy President Obama

:12:05.:12:08.

is pushing through these ground-breaking rules bypassing

:12:09.:12:13.

Congress, but the challenge is Now a look at some of the day's

:12:14.:12:17.

other news. Hundreds of separatists in Ukraine

:12:18.:12:27.

have launched an attack on a border guard camp at Luhansk,

:12:28.:12:30.

in the east of the country. The border agency says five

:12:31.:12:33.

militants were killed. There has also been an explosion at

:12:34.:12:36.

the headquarters of the self styled Four people have been arrested in

:12:37.:12:39.

France on suspicion of involvement The Interior minister,

:12:40.:12:45.

Bernard Cazaneuve, said the arrests took place in the Paris

:12:46.:12:50.

region and in the south of France. The announcement follows

:12:51.:12:54.

the detention of a man on Sunday in connection with the killing

:12:55.:12:57.

of three people at a Jewish museum Mehdi Nemmouche was said

:12:58.:13:01.

by prosecutors to have spent a year in Syria,

:13:02.:13:05.

apparently with jihadist fighters. At least 16 people have been killed

:13:06.:13:09.

in heavy fighting in the Libyan city of Benghazi between militias and

:13:10.:13:13.

forces loyal to a renegade general. A number of soldiers were killed

:13:14.:13:17.

in the clashes at an army base holding troops loyal

:13:18.:13:19.

to general, Khalifa Haftar. The general has been behind

:13:20.:13:23.

a number of attacks on militant A new Palestinian unity government

:13:24.:13:26.

has been sworn in marking a key step towards ending

:13:27.:13:32.

a nine-year long rift between the mainstream Fatah Party that governs

:13:33.:13:36.

the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza. Israel says it will not deal with

:13:37.:13:41.

a Palestinian government backed by Hamas and the US has expressed

:13:42.:13:45.

concern over the role Hamas will The new government is made up

:13:46.:13:49.

of 17 independent ministers led by the current prime minister

:13:50.:13:55.

Rami Hamdallah. Joining me from Washington is

:13:56.:13:59.

the former foreign minister He's now with The Carnegie Endowment

:14:00.:14:01.

for International Peace where he overseas research on the

:14:02.:14:18.

Middle East. What will the international community want to see

:14:19.:14:23.

from this new government before they give it its endorsement? I think

:14:24.:14:30.

first of all it is a much-needed step to end the seven year rift.

:14:31.:14:37.

Also to satisfy public opinion, which has been calling for such a

:14:38.:14:42.

government for some time. We need to understand that this government is

:14:43.:14:45.

not going to be entrusted with continuing negotiations. That is

:14:46.:14:51.

part of the mandate given to President Abass. In real terms, this

:14:52.:14:56.

is not going to affect the negotiations with Israel, which have

:14:57.:15:00.

stopped anyway, or the recognition of Israel. I do not expect

:15:01.:15:05.

international communities to do much. I think they will judge the

:15:06.:15:12.

Government by actions and I think they will continue to deal with

:15:13.:15:15.

that. In fact, President Abass is coming to Washington soon,

:15:16.:15:21.

accompanied by the Prime Minister. You do not think that there will be

:15:22.:15:24.

sanctioned by the American Congress against this new government? Because

:15:25.:15:29.

if Hamas is there, either in the back-seat seat or FriendFeed, then

:15:30.:15:36.

that would automatically trigger those sanctions. Sanctions is a

:15:37.:15:42.

strong word. Congress is likely to withhold current aid to

:15:43.:15:46.

Palestinians, or attempt to do so. Such an attempt would be lobbied

:15:47.:15:50.

against by the administration, which has already indicated that they will

:15:51.:15:54.

not prejudge the Government and we are going to see whether its

:15:55.:15:57.

actions, you know, contradict the positions taken in earlier by the

:15:58.:16:04.

Palestinian authority. We also, I think, need to recognise that there

:16:05.:16:09.

are no real negotiations going on at the current time between

:16:10.:16:15.

Palestinians and Israelis. And in my own view I think the administration

:16:16.:16:20.

is more concerned with the Israeli position than stopping these

:16:21.:16:25.

negotiations because of settlement activity than with the formation of

:16:26.:16:27.

a government that in the end everybody recognises. No peace is

:16:28.:16:35.

going to be possible without that. They will need to have some kind of

:16:36.:16:39.

signal, will be not, from this government? In a phone call on that

:16:40.:16:46.

Sunday, -- on Sunday, John Kerry said that they must commit to the

:16:47.:16:51.

principles of nonviolence, recognition of the state of Israel

:16:52.:16:54.

and acceptance with previous agreements. Will they do that? That

:16:55.:17:01.

is something President Abass already commented on in his conversation

:17:02.:17:05.

with John Kerry. The Palestinian authority has made it clear on a

:17:06.:17:10.

number of occasions that there is no going back on agreements previously

:17:11.:17:15.

signed. They recognised each other in 1993. That recognition still

:17:16.:17:24.

holds, in my view. Thank you very much indeed for giving us that

:17:25.:17:25.

analysis. Thank you. Five members of the Taliban,

:17:26.:17:27.

including one former security adviser to its chief, have been set

:17:28.:17:30.

free from Guanatanmao Bay by the US, Sergeant Bergdahl was, according

:17:31.:17:33.

to the US, critically ill. Afghan President Hamid Karzai is

:17:34.:17:40.

said to be furious for being left out of the loop

:17:41.:17:43.

on the prisoner exchange. Republicans

:17:44.:17:47.

in the US are also highly critical From a pro-Taliban news website,

:17:48.:17:49.

images, it seems, of the welcoming party

:17:50.:17:58.

for the Taliban detainees from and the Taliban leaders' assertion

:17:59.:18:01.

that this is a victory are sure to stir the controversy in

:18:02.:18:07.

the United States These are the hardest

:18:08.:18:10.

of the hard-core. These are

:18:11.:18:14.

the highest high risk people. And others that we have released

:18:15.:18:16.

have gone back into the fight. Among the five who have been

:18:17.:18:21.

in the prison since 2002 It has been pledged that they

:18:22.:18:25.

won't return to the battlefield. But in Afghanistan, too, there has

:18:26.:18:31.

been anger from the Government, which was not told about

:18:32.:18:35.

the prisoner exchange in advance. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,

:18:36.:18:38.

from the beginning, has been against the detention of its citizens and

:18:39.:18:43.

limiting them in Guantanamo Bay, or But the recent release

:18:44.:18:47.

of five Afghan citizens in exchange for an American army

:18:48.:18:52.

sergeant goes against the agreement And their transfer to the

:18:53.:18:57.

Qatar government was not agreed

:18:58.:19:01.

upon by the Afghan government. continues to defend what it has

:19:02.:19:04.

done. For some reason we took

:19:05.:19:08.

a position in the 21st century, when some of her adversaries may not

:19:09.:19:13.

be traditional state actors, that we would not do our utmost to

:19:14.:19:16.

bring our prisoners of war home. That would break faith with

:19:17.:19:20.

the American people and the men and women

:19:21.:19:23.

who serve in uniform. So regardless

:19:24.:19:25.

of who may be holding an American prisoner of war, we must do

:19:26.:19:27.

our best to bring him or her back. As for the soldier's parents,

:19:28.:19:32.

emotion is now tinged with the knowledge that they must now

:19:33.:19:35.

wait before they can see I am so looking forward to seeing

:19:36.:19:38.

your face after these last five

:19:39.:19:42.

and a half years. And to giving you a great big hug

:19:43.:19:45.

and holding you in my arms again, For now, the sergeant is at this

:19:46.:19:51.

US medical facility in Germany, just starting what will be a long

:19:52.:19:58.

and difficult rehabilitation. World football's governing body,

:19:59.:20:06.

FIFA, says an investigation into allegations of corruption over

:20:07.:20:08.

Qatar's bid to host the 2022 World Cup will be

:20:09.:20:11.

complete by next week. The publication of the report

:20:12.:20:16.

by chief investigator Michael Garcia comes amid fresh claims that

:20:17.:20:18.

payments were made to officials who Those involved in

:20:19.:20:22.

the bid have denied any wrongdoing. Our sports editor, David Bond,

:20:23.:20:25.

reports. It is a decision that has been

:20:26.:20:29.

haunting FIFA Is it going to overshadow the

:20:30.:20:33.

Brazil World Cup? In Sao Paulo today,

:20:34.:20:37.

the FIFA General Secretary evading questions about how Qatar won the

:20:38.:20:46.

right to stage the 2022 World Cup. Please could we have one question,

:20:47.:20:53.

just for the BBC. It was the same in Doha,

:20:54.:20:56.

where Qatar's Finance Minister was But World Cup officials might not be

:20:57.:20:59.

able to avoid FIFA's chief investigator, who is conducting

:21:00.:21:03.

interviews in the region this week. Newspaper claims that Qatar's former

:21:04.:21:09.

FIFA vice president paid ?3 million in alleged bribes to football

:21:10.:21:16.

officials to build support Qatar deny any wrongdoing but

:21:17.:21:19.

at a question and answer session today, the Prime Minister reflected

:21:20.:21:27.

growing concerns. There is an inquiry underway, quite

:21:28.:21:30.

rightly, into what happened in terms I think we should let that inquiry

:21:31.:21:35.

take place, rather than prejudge it. My memories of that bidding process

:21:36.:21:43.

are, as I have said, not happy memories, in terms of the

:21:44.:21:46.

way the whole thing was arranged and But let's let

:21:47.:21:50.

the inquiry take place. So what now for FIFA's

:21:51.:21:54.

investigation? American lawyer Michael Garcia today

:21:55.:21:57.

announced he would finish interviews next week and produce his report

:21:58.:22:00.

by late July. He is only investigating

:22:01.:22:04.

whether individual politicians He cannot look into those who have

:22:05.:22:09.

resigned or been expelled already. Therefore the chances of a revote

:22:10.:22:16.

remain unlikely, unless the weight

:22:17.:22:19.

of allegations continues to grow. One former FIFA adviser is

:22:20.:22:23.

pessimistic. FIFA has weathered a

:22:24.:22:26.

lot of scandals before now. So I think we need to work

:22:27.:22:28.

on the assumption that FIFA will hunker down and delay

:22:29.:22:32.

and that the chances of another vote But with the Sunday Times promising

:22:33.:22:39.

more revelations in the weeks ahead, the feeling is that the doubts over

:22:40.:22:46.

the 2022 World Cup An Egyptian satirist is ending his

:22:47.:23:15.

programme. He has been dubbed Egypt's answer to John Stewart but

:23:16.:23:20.

says the atmosphere in the country no longer allows for political

:23:21.:23:24.

satire. He had come under mounting pressure for taking aim at the

:23:25.:23:28.

Muslim Brotherhood and military. He says he has declined offers to

:23:29.:23:37.

broadcast on non-Arab challenge channels because he said that he was

:23:38.:23:41.

concerned he would be branded a traitor.

:23:42.:23:45.

For years, Cubans have been risking their lives

:23:46.:23:47.

Many make the journey across the shark-infested Florida strait.

:23:48.:23:51.

One intrepid Cuban, Jorge Armando Martinez,

:23:52.:23:53.

decided to make the dangerous crossing on his windsurfing board.

:23:54.:23:55.

He's been telling the BBC how he managed to survive on just a bag

:23:56.:23:59.

I am 28 years old and I came to the US on a surf board, from Cuba.

:24:00.:24:09.

There was a lot of hardship there and I had to find

:24:10.:24:15.

So I started to train as a windsurfer

:24:16.:24:21.

I had to sell almost all my belongings.

:24:22.:24:28.

I only kept my bed, my fan and windsurfing kit.

:24:29.:24:33.

It was a group of us with the same idea.

:24:34.:24:36.

All we had to do was train hard and get ready for the unknown.

:24:37.:24:41.

We did not really know what to expect on the Florida Straits.

:24:42.:24:47.

I was only carrying a bottle of water and around ten sweets.

:24:48.:24:51.

The trip was supposed to take just six hours.

:24:52.:24:56.

I knew I could reach speeds of up to 50 or 60kmph

:24:57.:24:59.

I did not expect to have so many problems.

:25:00.:25:06.

After four days at sea, I began to get used to it.

:25:07.:25:09.

I rationed my water and had a sip everyday.

:25:10.:25:12.

I was quite confident about my route,

:25:13.:25:19.

thanks to a compass I had on my wrist.

:25:20.:25:25.

I got to Marquesas Keys, which was on my right.

:25:26.:25:30.

There was a beach and that was where someone found me.

:25:31.:25:36.

Some fishermen were passing by very close to me.

:25:37.:25:39.

They saw me and asked me if I was a rafter.

:25:40.:25:42.

I said, "No, I am just very thirsty.

:25:43.:25:44.

They took me by boat to an ambulance that was waiting for me in Key West

:25:45.:25:52.

I was in very bad shape, dehydrated.

:25:53.:25:59.

But I think everything will go well for me here

:26:00.:26:01.

I like the challenge of being in a developed country.

:26:02.:26:05.

It gives you the opportunity to work honestly and

:26:06.:26:08.

The story of one very brave Cuban air.

:26:09.:26:25.

King Juan Carlos of Spain has announced his intention to abdicate,

:26:26.:26:30.

In a televised address he said "A new generation must be at the

:26:31.:26:35.

His son Crown Prince Felipe will take over the throne.

:26:36.:26:38.

For much of his reign, Juan Carlos was seen as one of

:26:39.:26:41.

the world's most popular monarchs, but recently many Spaniards have

:26:42.:26:44.

But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:26:45.:26:59.

Hello. It looks like this week will be a mixture of everything. Some

:27:00.:27:06.

sunny spells, some showers, some of which could be heavy. Particularly

:27:07.:27:11.

on Tuesday. Midweek

:27:12.:27:12.

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