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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.
King Juan Carlos of Spain announces he will abdicate, after
The King says a new generation has to be at the forefront.
His son, Crown Prince Felipe, is to become the new king.
Spain's ambassador in London tells us there is much to
It's a challenge for the future, and for the splendid new king,
Felipe VI. He has been the key figure
The White House unveils new plans to curb greenhouse emissions,
aiming to cut emissions from power plants by 30% by 2030.
Qatar's winning bid to hold the 2022 World Cup comes under investigation
by FIFA, as allegations emerge of corruption in their campaign.
And how one Cuban changed his life by making the treacherous
ocean crossing to Florida on just his wind-surfing board.
King Juan Carlos is to abdicate in favour of his son Prince Felipe
King Juan Carlos' reign ushered democracy into Spain but
in recent years the monarchy has been battered by
royal scandals, including corruption allegations against his son-in-law.
The King has spoken to the Spanish people saying it's time
for a younger, energised generation to take the country forward.
A message from the King to the people of Spain.
King Juan Carlos telling them he was abdicating to make way for his son.
TRANSLATION: Today, a new generation must lead.
Younger people with more energy, determined to push through with
the reforms we need and to face our future challenges.
I've only ever wanted to contribute to the welfare
This was the key moment of Juan Carlos's reign.
1981, and members of the Spanish armed forces seize control
They're hoping to revive the authoritarianism of the late
But the young King spoke up for democracy and they were defeated.
I wasn't afraid for Spain, because I knew what the rest,
and what the whole majority of the armed forces and the people
in general wanted, and really needed for me to do that night.
After the 2004 Madrid bombings, the Royal family visited survivors
in hospital. He was seen as a man for the people.
His youngest daughter, Princess Cristina,
caught up in a corruption scandal and the King himself criticised
in 2012 after a lavish elephant hunt in Botswana as Spaniards faced the
All that damage, as much as failing health, may have played
a role in Juan Carlos's decision to hand the crown to his son Felipe.
And the new royal generation now under pressure to restore
Well, demonstrations have begun in parts of Spain.
Partly organised by Spain's left-wing parties,
who are calling for a referendum on whether Spain should continue
What are we expecting on that demonstration front? I think it will
be interesting to see whether we see really in large numbers on the
streets and night. I predict not, but I might be wrong. I think we
will see tens of thousands of people turn out, particularly from the left
or supported by the political left. Parties here in the elections
recently picked up 20% of the vote, so it is a significant section of
the population in that -- in Spain that would support a republic.
Republicanism is much more mainstream and potent than it was in
Britain. I don't think we will see hundreds of thousands on the
streets, that would be a game changer, that would show that people
are pushing for some kind of change against the institutions want
themselves. What are people saying in the dread about this news? A
short time ago, I was -- in the Madrid? I was at the ambassadors
palace, he said the announcement can completely by surprise. I think
there is a lot of surprise here. I do not think there is shock. If you
go back to the beginning of the year to that corruption scandal, Princess
Cristina, the youngest daughter of the King, had to appear in court in
a long-running corruption investigation, back then we met with
royal officials and they were keen to point out that application was
not an option. Why has it happened six months on? Possibly because
there is less speculation in the media, there has been a lull in
whether the King might abdicate. There has been less media pressure,
maybe the Royal family and the King himself think it is a better moment.
As the King has pointed to himself and royal officials have said this,
he has become less popular, his son, Prince Felipe, has become more
popular. There is no doubt that the Royal household hope that Felipe can
turn things around and stem the tide, especially of young people,
moving away and sporting the monarchy less in the country. --
supporting the monarchy. A short time ago, I sat down with the
ambassador from Spain and he told us more about what's King Juan
Carlos's abdication would mean for his country. Yes, perhaps only a few
people around the King himself, and the Royal family, new the decision
of the King. But, perhaps, we should think that, the King was allowed
this decision in the last six months. He said this morning, his
last birthday, which I think is the 5th of January, he perhaps took the
decision and after that, perhaps was reflecting on that. Did the news
come as a shock to you personally? Yes, because in our country, Juan
Carlos has been a key figure in the last 40 years. In politics. Our
history, of recent history, he took over the power from Franco, and was
able to give it back to the people. And he managed to democracy, the
freedom, the piece, everything. I put it to you that King Juan Carlos
has left the monarchy in slightly less robust shape that when he came
to the throne in 1975. He has been able to understand, the political
realities are changing all over Europe and all over the world. And
then he was always a very wise man. I think it is the wisdom and the
experience, he decided to put on the front line, he decided to go out
because the Prince, Prince Felipe is a very well-prepared man. He is
young man, I think he took that decision. How far did his low
approval ratings, particularly compared to his son, Crown Prince
Felipe come influence his decision to abdicate? I think nowadays, we
will see, nowadays, you can take account of the main political
forces, the People's party and the Socialist party, they are 84% in the
last general election, they are supporting the King and the Crown
and the monarchy as the system. I think not, I think the King is
regulating his figure with the decision. In this time of austerity
for Spain, can meet country afford a monarchy? Of course, I think the
monarchy is a symbol of stability. And the young King, the new king, is
linked with the same feeling of the young of the country. I remember,
Prince Felipe was always asking the defence secretary about the salary
of the troops, the family of the military people, visiting them
abroad, the missions in Afghanistan or Bosnia, etc. He is a man with a
new feeling for the new realities. That was Spain's ambassador to
London talking to me short time ago. The US government has announced
a sweeping plan to curb climate change by cutting carbon dioxide
emissions from power plants It's a key part of President Obama's
climate change initiative and the environmental protection
agency says it will improve people's But many
in the coal industry accuse Mr Obama of waging a war on coal, and say
they'll fight the regulations. Aleem Maqbool reports
from coal country in West Virginia. The world's carbon emissions are
at record levels. America is one
of the chief culprits, burning vast amounts of coal, producing more than
double the amount of greenhouse gas But announced today,
the most significant environmental All told, in 2030, when the States
meet their final goals, our proposal will result in 30% less
carbon pollution from the power sector across the United States,
in comparison to 2005 levels. That is... Thank you.
APPLAUSE But here's the thing,
when they talk about cutting carbon dioxide emissions from power plants
like this one, there is really only one effective way to do that,
and that's to burn less coal. It's why many in the industry here
in America accuse President Obama The hills of West Virginia sit
on massive coal reserves, Executives from the industry here
say the new rules are going to have a major impact on America's
competitiveness on the world stage. It comes on the heels of a number
of initiatives and programmes from this president and from this
administration that has already We're dealing with
a very radical environmental community that would like to see
coal eradicated completely. In spite of America's massive
power needs, many environmentalists They're happy President Obama
is pushing through these ground-breaking rules bypassing
Congress, but the challenge is Now a look at some of the day's
other news. Hundreds of separatists in Ukraine
have launched an attack on a border guard camp at Luhansk,
in the east of the country. The border agency says five
militants were killed. There has also been an explosion at
the headquarters of the self styled Four people have been arrested in
France on suspicion of involvement The Interior minister,
Bernard Cazaneuve, said the arrests took place in the Paris
region and in the south of France. The announcement follows
the detention of a man on Sunday in connection with the killing
of three people at a Jewish museum Mehdi Nemmouche was said
by prosecutors to have spent a year in Syria,
apparently with jihadist fighters. At least 16 people have been killed
in heavy fighting in the Libyan city of Benghazi between militias and
forces loyal to a renegade general. A number of soldiers were killed
in the clashes at an army base holding troops loyal
to general, Khalifa Haftar. The general has been behind
a number of attacks on militant A new Palestinian unity government
has been sworn in marking a key step towards ending
a nine-year long rift between the mainstream Fatah Party that governs
the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza. Israel says it will not deal with
a Palestinian government backed by Hamas and the US has expressed
concern over the role Hamas will The new government is made up
of 17 independent ministers led by the current prime minister
Rami Hamdallah. Joining me from Washington is
the former foreign minister He's now with The Carnegie Endowment
for International Peace where he overseas research on the
Middle East. What will the international community want to see
from this new government before they give it its endorsement? I think
first of all it is a much-needed step to end the seven year rift.
Also to satisfy public opinion, which has been calling for such a
government for some time. We need to understand that this government is
not going to be entrusted with continuing negotiations. That is
part of the mandate given to President Abass. In real terms, this
is not going to affect the negotiations with Israel, which have
stopped anyway, or the recognition of Israel. I do not expect
international communities to do much. I think they will judge the
Government by actions and I think they will continue to deal with
that. In fact, President Abass is coming to Washington soon,
accompanied by the Prime Minister. You do not think that there will be
sanctioned by the American Congress against this new government? Because
if Hamas is there, either in the back-seat seat or FriendFeed, then
that would automatically trigger those sanctions. Sanctions is a
strong word. Congress is likely to withhold current aid to
Palestinians, or attempt to do so. Such an attempt would be lobbied
against by the administration, which has already indicated that they will
not prejudge the Government and we are going to see whether its
actions, you know, contradict the positions taken in earlier by the
Palestinian authority. We also, I think, need to recognise that there
are no real negotiations going on at the current time between
Palestinians and Israelis. And in my own view I think the administration
is more concerned with the Israeli position than stopping these
negotiations because of settlement activity than with the formation of
a government that in the end everybody recognises. No peace is
going to be possible without that. They will need to have some kind of
signal, will be not, from this government? In a phone call on that
Sunday, -- on Sunday, John Kerry said that they must commit to the
principles of nonviolence, recognition of the state of Israel
and acceptance with previous agreements. Will they do that? That
is something President Abass already commented on in his conversation
with John Kerry. The Palestinian authority has made it clear on a
number of occasions that there is no going back on agreements previously
signed. They recognised each other in 1993. That recognition still
holds, in my view. Thank you very much indeed for giving us that
analysis. Thank you. Five members of the Taliban,
including one former security adviser to its chief, have been set
free from Guanatanmao Bay by the US, Sergeant Bergdahl was, according
to the US, critically ill. Afghan President Hamid Karzai is
said to be furious for being left out of the loop
on the prisoner exchange. Republicans
in the US are also highly critical From a pro-Taliban news website,
images, it seems, of the welcoming party
for the Taliban detainees from and the Taliban leaders' assertion
that this is a victory are sure to stir the controversy in
the United States These are the hardest
of the hard-core. These are
the highest high risk people. And others that we have released
have gone back into the fight. Among the five who have been
in the prison since 2002 It has been pledged that they
won't return to the battlefield. But in Afghanistan, too, there has
been anger from the Government, which was not told about
the prisoner exchange in advance. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,
from the beginning, has been against the detention of its citizens and
limiting them in Guantanamo Bay, or But the recent release
of five Afghan citizens in exchange for an American army
sergeant goes against the agreement And their transfer to the
Qatar government was not agreed
upon by the Afghan government. continues to defend what it has
done. For some reason we took
a position in the 21st century, when some of her adversaries may not
be traditional state actors, that we would not do our utmost to
bring our prisoners of war home. That would break faith with
the American people and the men and women
who serve in uniform. So regardless
of who may be holding an American prisoner of war, we must do
our best to bring him or her back. As for the soldier's parents,
emotion is now tinged with the knowledge that they must now
wait before they can see I am so looking forward to seeing
your face after these last five
and a half years. And to giving you a great big hug
and holding you in my arms again, For now, the sergeant is at this
US medical facility in Germany, just starting what will be a long
and difficult rehabilitation. World football's governing body,
FIFA, says an investigation into allegations of corruption over
Qatar's bid to host the 2022 World Cup will be
complete by next week. The publication of the report
by chief investigator Michael Garcia comes amid fresh claims that
payments were made to officials who Those involved in
the bid have denied any wrongdoing. Our sports editor, David Bond,
reports. It is a decision that has been
haunting FIFA Is it going to overshadow the
Brazil World Cup? In Sao Paulo today,
the FIFA General Secretary evading questions about how Qatar won the
right to stage the 2022 World Cup. Please could we have one question,
just for the BBC. It was the same in Doha,
where Qatar's Finance Minister was But World Cup officials might not be
able to avoid FIFA's chief investigator, who is conducting
interviews in the region this week. Newspaper claims that Qatar's former
FIFA vice president paid ?3 million in alleged bribes to football
officials to build support Qatar deny any wrongdoing but
at a question and answer session today, the Prime Minister reflected
growing concerns. There is an inquiry underway, quite
rightly, into what happened in terms I think we should let that inquiry
take place, rather than prejudge it. My memories of that bidding process
are, as I have said, not happy memories, in terms of the
way the whole thing was arranged and But let's let
the inquiry take place. So what now for FIFA's
investigation? American lawyer Michael Garcia today
announced he would finish interviews next week and produce his report
by late July. He is only investigating
whether individual politicians He cannot look into those who have
resigned or been expelled already. Therefore the chances of a revote
remain unlikely, unless the weight
of allegations continues to grow. One former FIFA adviser is
pessimistic. FIFA has weathered a
lot of scandals before now. So I think we need to work
on the assumption that FIFA will hunker down and delay
and that the chances of another vote But with the Sunday Times promising
more revelations in the weeks ahead, the feeling is that the doubts over
the 2022 World Cup An Egyptian satirist is ending his
programme. He has been dubbed Egypt's answer to John Stewart but
says the atmosphere in the country no longer allows for political
satire. He had come under mounting pressure for taking aim at the
Muslim Brotherhood and military. He says he has declined offers to
broadcast on non-Arab challenge channels because he said that he was
concerned he would be branded a traitor.
For years, Cubans have been risking their lives
Many make the journey across the shark-infested Florida strait.
One intrepid Cuban, Jorge Armando Martinez,
decided to make the dangerous crossing on his windsurfing board.
He's been telling the BBC how he managed to survive on just a bag
I am 28 years old and I came to the US on a surf board, from Cuba.
There was a lot of hardship there and I had to find
So I started to train as a windsurfer
I had to sell almost all my belongings.
I only kept my bed, my fan and windsurfing kit.
It was a group of us with the same idea.
All we had to do was train hard and get ready for the unknown.
We did not really know what to expect on the Florida Straits.
I was only carrying a bottle of water and around ten sweets.
The trip was supposed to take just six hours.
I knew I could reach speeds of up to 50 or 60kmph
I did not expect to have so many problems.
After four days at sea, I began to get used to it.
I rationed my water and had a sip everyday.
I was quite confident about my route,
thanks to a compass I had on my wrist.
I got to Marquesas Keys, which was on my right.
There was a beach and that was where someone found me.
Some fishermen were passing by very close to me.
They saw me and asked me if I was a rafter.
I said, "No, I am just very thirsty.
They took me by boat to an ambulance that was waiting for me in Key West
I was in very bad shape, dehydrated.
But I think everything will go well for me here
I like the challenge of being in a developed country.
It gives you the opportunity to work honestly and
The story of one very brave Cuban air.
King Juan Carlos of Spain has announced his intention to abdicate,
In a televised address he said "A new generation must be at the
His son Crown Prince Felipe will take over the throne.
For much of his reign, Juan Carlos was seen as one of
the world's most popular monarchs, but recently many Spaniards have
But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.
Hello. It looks like this week will be a mixture of everything. Some
sunny spells, some showers, some of which could be heavy. Particularly
on Tuesday. Midweek