30/05/2014 World News Today


30/05/2014

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This is BBC World News, with me Zeinab Badawi.

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The number of irregular migrants into Europe rises sharply.

:00:07.:00:09.

As many as 60,000 have already arrived this year,

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after making treacherous journeys across continents and seas in

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We have a special report from Libya, where tens of thousands wait in

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cramped and filthy conditions, hoping for a better life in Europe.

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As many as 60,000 have already arrived this year, This is an open

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door from the continent to Europe. But the worry is that the people are

:00:41.:00:42.

coming from further afield. Brutal killings in India. After two

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teenage girls were gang-raped then hanged, the father of one victim

:00:46.:00:48.

says the police ridiculed him Also coming up - history deleted?

:00:49.:00:51.

Google begins to allow EU citizens to remove personal information from

:00:52.:00:55.

internet searches, after a landmark Was Richard the Third really the

:00:56.:00:58.

hunchback in Shakespeare's play? New research casts doubt on the extent

:00:59.:01:04.

of his deformity. Could Tudor propagandists be behind his

:01:05.:01:07.

much-maligned image? Good evening. The success of

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anti-immigration parties in the European elections comes against a

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background on the rise against irregular migrants reaching Europe.

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It is bound to add to the current debate. In the first four months of

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this year, more than 60,000 years migrants tried to enter Europe from

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North Africa. We followed one group being smuggled out of Libya. In an

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isolated room, a door opens to: Anshuman misery.

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Nearly 400 million, illegal immigrants from across Africa, are

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held here. There was barely room to sit and

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certainly not sleep. They are sick and Hungary. Most are trying to get

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to Europe. Our smugglers trying to get you to Europe? Did you pay them?

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We give them 1600 euros. We find a man on the floor with bullet wounds.

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This is the moment when some of those are captured. The armed Coast

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Guard finds them. They were heading for Italy, but the engine cut out

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after four hours may have been drifting for two days. The water and

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food had run and it is pure luck that the Coast Guard found them. The

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commander of the rescue said this is Europe's problem is much as that of

:03:37.:03:46.

Libya. We need the European Union to buy boats and helicopters for search

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operations. Countries such as Italy are not serious about fighting this.

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On the cause, it is the people smugglers, and not the authorities,

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who have the advantage. The Navy see the need much more in the way of

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boats and helicopters. They also need a lot more body bags, for the

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amount of dead migrants they are picking up in boats and from the

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water. We are taken on board. It is so full of bodies of migrants, he

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simply has too jammed the door closed. Once, there were only three

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a year, no it is eight journeys a week. The men are crossing into

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Libya know they are not welcome. They are promised jobs in Newark.

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They say it is better than what they could leave behind. Here, a truck is

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found with a false compartment. Inside, barely able to believe, to

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dozen men. One is carrying a Bible. They have risked everything to get

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this far. Libya warns that more and more will follow.

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Elizabeth Collett is the Director of the Migration Policy Institute

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Europe and she joins us live from Brussels.

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How far as this rise in numbers due to the fact that the immigration

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policy in New York is not working? We have seen the rise this year, but

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they have been fluctuating for the past decade. It is not a new

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problem. The problem shifts in the southern border every time and

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again. One of the problems is actually putting together a policy.

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The Italian coastguard have been very active over the past six

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months, but there has not been an easy solution. You end up with a

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compromise. You get the likes of Italy and Malta scene, we need more

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funds and better sources and more coordination at European Union level

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because we are the ones bearing the brunt of this influx. As the

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European Union doing enough to attend to those demands? I think the

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difference between the European Union and the member states, the

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European Union has used all its funding possible to pursue these

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operations in the Mediterranean. However, it is a drop in the ocean,

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forgive the pun. Action needs to be done and a lot has to be applied to

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a proper search and rescue operation. There has to be a lot

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more partnerships with the third world countries, not simply just

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North Africa, for the beyond. We need to understand how these

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networks are moving. There are enormous resources that could be

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applied. This applies to member states and the European Union coming

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together and admitting that they will need to put money at this

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problem. Are we going to see a shift when it comes to migration policy in

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the European Union as a result of some of the successors of the

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anti-immigration parties, such as the National front in France? I

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think you will see a drop in political coverage from the

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mainstream parties in Europe. In the Italian election, extremist groups

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did not do well. It suggests, there is a need to address the problem in

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the Mediterranean. It obviously resonates with the electorate. Many

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mainstream parties could actually be at the forefront of finding the

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solution, if they have the confidence to speak up about it.

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The government in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh where

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two teenage girls were gang-raped and then hanged from a tree has

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pledged to set up a special fasttrack court to try the suspects.

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The announcement comes after criticism by the victims'

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families that it took more than 12 hours for police to respond after

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The brutal killings took place in a remote village in Budaun district,

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It was a heart-wrenching scene. Two girls, just 14 and 16, were found

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dead. Their bodies were found hanging from this mango tree. They

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had also been gang raped. We were ready to go to the police station. A

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police officer came to me and said even the girls were hanging from a

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tree. Relatives of claimed the police have refused to help, because

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they were from a law passed. One police officer has been suspended

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and another sacked. Whatever happened, this is wrong. It is a

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very serious issue and we will take the strictest action against the

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culprits. The gang rape of a student on a bus in barely two years ago

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brought the issue to the front of the agenda in the country. The

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number of reported rapes since has almost doubled. Today, students took

:10:01.:10:08.

to the streets in protest at the gruesome murder of the women. The

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bodies of the women have been brought down, but the brutal

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violence that unfolded here has again brought forward the issue of

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violent crimes against women in India. The villagers are hoping the

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global media attention will help them in the fight for justice. A

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terrible case the pain India. The internet giant Google is

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starting to accept requests from people in Europe who want personal

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information about them removed from online search results. The move

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comes after a landmark European Union court ruling earlier this

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month, which gave people the "right If you Google yourself and do not

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like what you find, you can contact the search engine and do something

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about it. You can have a relevant data erased. You simply have to

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inform them as to why this should be removed. This came after a ruling at

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the European Court. He said they noticed about his repossessed home

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infringed his privacy. Google is responsible for nearly 90% of

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Internet searches in Europe. They say they will be looking at the

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public interest in the future. Requests will be considered on a

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case-by-case basis, so the time frame for the remit is unclear. The

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chief executive of the company warned that the change could have

:11:52.:11:54.

serious consequences. He says: He is also warning that resources

:11:55.:12:12.

spent complying could do damage the technical and narration of the

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company going forward. A lot of people will welcome this,

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they will say there has been an invasion on my privacy, thank

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goodness we have this. We have privacy laws and libel laws. This is

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for truthful information which people may or may not have forgotten

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about. As a result, we will get effectively, a two tier Internet

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system. If you happen to be within the European Union, you will get one

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set of returns, but a you are inside the European Union, you will not. If

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you are in India, Australia, South Africa, you will get completely

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uncensored information. That is one disadvantage, in your view. Is not

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perhaps a good idea for some people, if they feel there is on their

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bridge has been there for many years? Maybe a picture of the Trail,

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watch the want removed? I do not think so. There is a universal

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covenant on children's rights. To give you an example, Mr Nick Clegg,

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the deputy prime minister, he was convicted of arson in Germany when

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he was a student. He was doing something he was not proud of. If

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you look on his biography, it is on page 48. You're not going to find

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unless you are looking for it. After this result, you will find that will

:14:00.:14:02.

not be available to people in the United Kingdom. Is that the case?

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Google say they are the individual can make the request, but they will

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say that if they decide it is not in the public interest to remove it, it

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will remain. But the case in point was about a Spanish man who was

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found bankrupt any Spanish court and when you Google his name on the

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Internet, that came up. The trouble is, if we wanted to go into business

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with them, we would want an easy way to find out financial information

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about him. That is a critical piece of information that you would be

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entitled to and that is why it is a retrograde step. There will be some

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unnecessarily gratuitously embarrassing facts about individuals

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and as soon as you put that name and, it will dog them for the rest

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of their life. This is that information about Oliver is only. We

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have all done something we are slightly ashamed of. I certainly

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have! That is what makes us human beings. We embrace the fallibility

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of our fellow human beings. We mature. People accept that. What we

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do not like is the airbrushing of history. One of the problems here is

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that 50% of the applications have been from criminals, people who have

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been trying to fleece members of the public. It was not for the purpose

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it was intended. Thank you very much for joining us.

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Now a look at some of the days other news:

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A Syrian activist group says barrel bombs and other air raids

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on rebel-held parts of Aleppo, have killed nearly 2,000 people

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this year, more than a quarter of them children.

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Barrel bombs are pushed out of the back of helicopters; packed

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with explosives as well as scraps of metal, causing massive

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The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said their use

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seems to have intensified, despite international calls for a halt.

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The organisation for Security in Europe says it has lost contact with

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monitors in Ukraine. It says another team that have been detained by

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pro-Russian separatists are still missing.

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Poland's last communist leader has been buried in Warsaw's historic

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cemetery despite widespread opposition. In 1981 he imposed

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martial law in Poland to crush the pro-democracy union, causing dozens

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of deaths. It was a state organised funeral, albeit low-key one for this

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most decisive of -- divisive figures. He was awarded -- veteran

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and former president so there was a minute regard of order. For previous

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presidents attended including one that had been imprisoned during

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martial war. They paid their respects to a man who in 1989 per

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side it over the peaceful transition from communism to democracy. Outside

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there was little respect. For these people he was a Kremlin stooge with

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blood on his hands. I am ashamed for the military today who saluted

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traitor, a true traitor. It is a disgrace for the Polish nation for

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the military to take part in such a circus because this is a circus.

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Protesters also gathered outside the country's most prestigious cemetery.

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They were angry that the general's ashes were buried beside heroes. For

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others he was a tragic figure, caught between the might of the

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Soviet Union and the Solidarity democracy movement. As the years

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have gone by more and more Polish people say he was right to impose

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martial law because, as the general always said, it prevented the Soviet

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invasion. People are now living longer than

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ever before, and with that comes new challenges in improving the

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quality of life for the elderly. AgeLab, at Massachusetts Institute

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of Technology, has developed a suit they say

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simulates the ageing process, giving younger people a better idea of the

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challenges that come later in life. Rajini Vaidyanathan has been finding

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out what it's like to go from the This is Agnes, it stands and gives

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the user empathy. It allows the user to work in a person's shoes. It

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gives them and the thief. Shall I have a go? We will move you from 20

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until 80 in 20 minutes. This serves as the frame of the suit, where we

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can put the buckles and the straps that will impair different parts of

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your body. Women will have a dowager hump because their entire frame is

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being weighed down by weakening bone structure as well as muscle

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structure. This is adding weight and also restriction. One of the issues

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around ageing the physical body is not just what you cannot do but the

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amount of energy that you out to expend to be able to do the simple

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things that you used to do, from opening a jar to reaching to things

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on a shelf. This adds the wait. It is like carrying a dumbbell. Now you

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will feel the strain of your hamstrings pulling but take a few

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steps and your date has changed. You often see older adults are slow and

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they take short steps, it is muscle tone and weight. These are the

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latest fashion in shoes. We tend to lose the fat at the bottom of our

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feet so your feet begin to hurt and you blame your shoes but it is not

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your shoes, it is the feet. We have a variety of goggles that can

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simulate low vision and natural ageing. It just looks a bit more

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blurred. You will need corrective lenses. We will put the helmet on

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and this will pull down the back of your neck and your head, to give you

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that dowager hump. As an older adults, if we do not change the

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environment around us we find it is about turning inward and truly

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retiring. What we want to do at the AgeLab is open up the world and make

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it useful even if all of us are not necessarily useful. My feet are

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hurting, particular my soul is my knees are really starting to feel

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pain and my lower back. And my head. I feel like I direct you want to sit

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down. What a difference 20 minutes makes. It is not easy. What will the

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future look like in 50 years for me? It will be a lot better and

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easier for you than it was for your parents. An ageing society as a

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reason to reinvent society live longer and better.

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She was looking a little bit older than when I last saw her!

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A bunch-backed toad was how Shakespeare immortalised the late

:21:59.:22:00.

And for centuries he has been depicted as an evil cripple

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The king's body was discovered in a sensational find under

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a car park in the English city of Leicester last year.

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But now scientists who've examined Richard's skeleton say that

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although he was troubled by some degree of spinal curvurture, or

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scoliosis, any deformity would have been barely noticeable to others.

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The research published in the Lancet medical journal suggests

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a good tailor and armourer could have disguised the condition.

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The latest findings add more weight to the arguments

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of those who believe the caricature of an evil hunchback was part of

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a campaign by Richard's successors to boost their own legitimacy.

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I'm joined from Edinburgh now by Philippa Langley who initiated

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the search for King Richard's lost grave as part of her ongoing

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research into history's most controversial monarch.

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What did the Lancet actually say about his disfigurement? Much more

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minor than we thought? The specialists had said it was just a

:23:10.:23:13.

scoliosis and it was not when the head was pushed forward and onto the

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chest. Does that mean he would have looked like anybody else when people

:23:21.:23:27.

saw him? Yes, absolutely. That fits with the contemporary descriptions

:23:28.:23:31.

of Richard by people who saw in and new Inn. Nobody mentioned anything

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out of the ordinary. I think if you put it in to context today it is

:23:36.:23:42.

like our Queen, the Queen of Britain. She has once shoulder

:23:43.:23:47.

higher than the other but we do not notice it. It is not something we

:23:48.:23:52.

talk about. History tells us he was quite a great warrior himself,

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wasn't he? He was. He fought in three battles and he took a big part

:23:58.:24:01.

in those battles, fighting right in the middle of the men. In his final

:24:02.:24:06.

battle he was at the front, leading the army. We know that he was

:24:07.:24:10.

incredibly physically active and physically able. Why has he been

:24:11.:24:20.

such a maligned character? History is always written by the victors.

:24:21.:24:25.

Henry Tudor, who became the king after him, Henry VII, had no blood

:24:26.:24:31.

claim to the throne. He needed to really make himself look like the

:24:32.:24:37.

good choice, the current choice, in order to confirm his legitimacy on

:24:38.:24:44.

the throne to everyone around him because he had taken over the

:24:45.:24:48.

Plantagenet dynasty that was on the throne before. The Tudors, Henry VII

:24:49.:24:56.

was the first Tudor, waged a sort of a propaganda campaign against

:24:57.:25:00.

Richard III? I think that was passed of it. When you look at the research

:25:01.:25:05.

into Richard and you look at the historical documentation and the

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accounts and letters that we have, the Tudor Shakespearian portrayal

:25:12.:25:18.

does not fit with what you get from his contemporary time. Do you think

:25:19.:25:22.

that as a result of these findings that accidents, present and future,

:25:23.:25:27.

are going to have to depict Richard III in a different way, that will be

:25:28.:25:32.

quite tricky if they carry on doing Shakespeare's Richard III which

:25:33.:25:35.

really does portray him as this sort of evil character. Yes, I think we

:25:36.:25:41.

are beginning to see this already because I know here in England, in

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Nottingham, they did Richard -- recent Richard III where they took

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away the limping Gate and the withered arm and all of that. I

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think maybe it is beginning already. Thank you very much indeed for

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talking to us about the need to revise our idea of what Richard III

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looks like. The largest private collection of

:26:08.:26:11.

drawings, poems and prose by John Lennon is due to go up for sale at

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auction. It was created for use in his books. It has been owned by

:26:16.:26:22.

those books British publisher for half a century. A nine page

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manuscript is estimated to fetch up to $70,000 while another sketch has

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a presale value of $15,000. The auction takes place in New York next

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month. That is it and next we have the

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weather but from me and the rest of the team, goodbye and enjoy your

:26:44.:26:45.

weekend. Good evening. It was a quiet end to

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the week. There was quite a lot of cloud but despite it it was dry

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everywhere and it is to write tomorrow for the most part with many

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places seeing sunshine. It is quiet and it will be quiet

:27:13.:27:14.

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