29/05/2014 World News Today


29/05/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Daniela Ritorto. No sign of a

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letup in the violence in eastern Ukraine, where rebels have shot down

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a military helicopter killing 14 people. The outgoing president

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claimed the rebels used a Russian weapon system.

:00:29.:00:35.

Australian officials say that Flight MH370 is not in the area the search

:00:36.:00:40.

was focused on. Is there any chance of finding the Malaysian plane?

:00:41.:00:47.

Former military chief Ann wins Egypt's election. Those who voted

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delivered a landslide but turnout was less than 50%.

:00:53.:00:57.

The world's waistlines are getting wider. New research says a third of

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people globally are classified as overweight or OBC. -- obese.

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We start in Ukraine, where the government has

:01:20.:01:19.

We start in Ukraine, where the government confirmed that 14

:01:20.:01:23.

soldiers, including an army general, were killed after a helicopter was

:01:24.:01:28.

shot down by rope -- by pro-Russian rebels in the east. This photograph

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was taken shortly after the crash. The helicopter had been dropping off

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soldiers at the base in Sloviansk, the city which has become the

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epicentre of fighting between government and pro-Russian forces.

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Local people captured the aftermath of the crash, a thick plume of smoke

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rising above the wreckage of the helicopter. It was brought down by

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pro-Russian rebels as it transported personnel to a military base for a

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chief -- a shift change. On board were 14 people, including an army

:02:03.:02:09.

general. Ukraine's outgoing president, Alexander Turchynov, said

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the helicopter had been hit by a Russian-made anti-aircraft missile.

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A real war is going on in the east. I have just heard from the East that

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one of our helicopters, which was taking armed servicemen for military

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rotation, has been shot down by terrorists. There is a sense of

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lawlessness in eastern Ukraine. Today militia men were guarding the

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airport at the nets after a theist -- fierce battle earlier in the

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week. On Monday four members of the OSCE were abducted in Sloviansk by

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militiamen. They have not been seen since.

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We are concerned but we are using all of our contacts with the

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government and the non-state actors to re-establish contact with them.

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We believe they are fine they are well, but we want to see them

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returned to base. In Ukraine's capital of Kiev

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barriers and banners are still in place following Sunday's election.

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Many people now want a return to normality. The to crush the

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rebellion within hours rather than months. -- the new president has

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promised to crush. He faces an immense challenge.

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A former US ambassador to the Ukraine is now at the National

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Institute for Health and Care Excellence. He joins us now.

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Ukrainians are killing each other in their scores, what is it going to

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take to end this? -- is now at the Brookings Institution. I am glad

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that the Russians are prepared to say they will respect the will of

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the elections. They could use their influence on the rebels to get them

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to de-escalate, and then the government could de-escalate. We

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have just had some news in that pro-Moscow separatists say that most

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of the fighters killed at the nets could airport were from Russia. I

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suppose that does not surprise you. -- Donetsk airport. The Russians

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have said they want a more normal relationship with Kiev but there is

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this influx of fighters and weapons into Ukraine. It has to be that if

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the Russian border guards wanted the shot that down they would. On Monday

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you had pro-Russian separatists attacking the airport in Donetsk and

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the Ukrainian army pushed them back. The next day Moscow criticised the

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Ukrainian army but said nothing about the separatists. One wonders

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where the rebels are getting weaponry which can shoot down

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military helicopters. That is a big question. Some years ago there was a

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NATO programme working with Ukraine to eliminate those shoulder fired

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shots -- surface-to-air missiles because they were a tempting target

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for terrorists. Most of the infantry in Ukraine was eliminated and one

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wonders where the separatists get sophisticated weapons like that. My

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guess they -- my guess is that it was not at the local police

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stations. Let's talk about outside players, the EU and the United

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States. What would you like to see them doing? There is two things. It

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looks like the Sunday collection was good in several counts, a good

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turnout, it was described as free and fair, and a clear victor.

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Poroshenko now has a renewed democratic mandate to tackle some of

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these issues. The West needs to support him critically so that he

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can address the difficult domestic challenges, and other things that

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the European Union and the US can do vis-a-vis Russia so that Russia

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becomes part of the solution, not the problem. We are seeing an

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escalation of violence and is there a danger in this vacuum? It creates

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a difficult situation. Ideally the separatists would have -- would not

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have chosen Monday to take the airport, which seems to have

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triggered a lot of the fighting now taking place in the city in Donetsk.

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I think the plan is that he will take office in about ten days and he

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is going to have a very full agenda, I think. You begin to see

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some signs that he is beginning to move and take charge and put his

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imprint on government policy, so I do not think time will be lost. To

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the extent that events in Luhansk and Donetsk are deteriorating, that

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will make it much more difficult for him from the outset. Thank you for

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your analysis and your time. France next, because thousands of

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people have taken to the streets of Paris to protest a victory of the

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far right National front in the European Parliament elections. The

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anti-immigration Eurosceptic party took 24 seats in France compared

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with just three in 2009. Today the protesters, many students, gathered

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in Bastille Square in the centre of Paris. They say the National Front

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threatens French values of tolerance and social justice.

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It has been nearly three months and still nobody seems to have any idea

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about what happened to Flight MH370, which was carrying 239 people. A

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robotics arena has just finished scouring an area of the sea bed off

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the Australian coast. -- a robotic machine.

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After nearly three months, almost back to square one. The underwater

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search in the southern Indian Ocean using this automated submarine

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lasted six weeks. It was focusing on an area where kings, or signals, had

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been detected, possibly from the plane's black box, but nothing was

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found. -- pings. The safety bureau has advised that the search can be

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considered complete. In its professional judgement the area can

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now be discounted as the final resting place for Flight MH370. It

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is another blow for the families of the 239 people who were on board. It

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is a far cry from the optimism the Australian prime minister showed

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last month. We have very much narrowed down the

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search area and we are very confident that the signals we are

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detecting are from the black box on Flight MH370.

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Investigators will continue to scan the ocean floor. Commercial

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contractors will be brought in. But the search area is having to be

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massively extended to an area of over 60,000 square kilometres,

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roughly half the size of England. The cost is massive. The Australian

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government allocated recently a further 80 million US dollars to the

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search but both time and money have failed to solve the mystery of

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Flight MH370. They may not even be looking in the right place.

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Let's talk to Simon Boxall, and oceanographer with the University of

:10:30.:10:34.

Southampton. Not even looking in the right place, that is a drug testing

:10:35.:10:42.

-- depressing prospect. Yes, and the next stage is to widen the search to

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about 60,000 square miles. That will get bigger as time goes on. It has

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gone from a difficult task to one that is almost impossible because

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they are searching such a large area in such deep water. I think there is

:10:57.:11:01.

little chance of finding anything now. What makes you think that? The

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enormity of the task. You are looking at a task of several years,

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so it will run into not tens of millions but possibly hundreds of

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millions of pounds over the next few years. As in all of these things,

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they could turn lucky and tripped over it on day one but this main

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lead of picking up the pings from the plane, that was the best they

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had to go on. I would not dismiss the area they have been surging

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incompletely. We know from the air France flight that landed in the

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Atlantic a few years earlier, they had survey the area where they

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finally found it and finally they found it. -- they had searched the

:11:58.:12:04.

area. What would be the right equipment to use? There are wetter

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tools which are more expensive and need more support, but given the

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amount of investment that has been put in so far, they need a system

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capable at much deeper areas, because the Bluefin-21 is not really

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designed for this kind of task. Do you think they need to revisit the

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data that got them there in the first place? Very quickly, for the

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sake of the families, you say it may never be found, but they can't give

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up, surely? There is a point where... They really are looking for

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a needle in a field of haystacks so it is probable, I want say

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definite, that they won't find it. The Chinese and the Malaysians are

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keen to continue but it starts to open up a massive issue over, how

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long does one go on for before one says, look, we have searched the

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area 's we thought we might have found the aircraft, do we broaden it

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or stop? -- searched the areas. I really appreciate your thoughts,

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thank you very much. Let's look at some of the other top

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stories. Pakistani's prime minister has demanded immediate action after

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a pregnant woman was bludgeoned to death with bricks outside the High

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Court in Lahore. She was killed on Tuesday by men in her family for

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marrying against their witnesses. Eyewitnesses say the police were

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present but had nothing. That has been denied by the head of the

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police force. One man has been arrested and

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charges have been made against other men in India over the rape of two

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girls. Three policemen have been suspended.

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International medical aid teams have arrived in eastern Sierra Leone to

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start dealing with an out rake of the Ebola virus. They face a,

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catered task, -- a complicated task. Turkey's constitutional court has

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ordered YouTube the -- to be unblocked Thomas saying it violates

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freedom of expression. -- to be unblocked, saying. In April the

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court lifted the ban on Twitter as well.

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The former army chief in Egypt, Pardeep Singh, has won the

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presidential election with more than 90% of the vote. The left if --

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leftist candidate has conceded defeat and the Muslim brotherhood

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and other groups boycotted it. We can now look at some of the numbers.

:15:29.:15:43.

Only 3% opted to vote for his opponent. Despite the crushing

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victory, I want to take a closer look at these numbers. This is not

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the mandate that he wanted to legitimise the overthrow of the

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previous regime. There was an assumption the turnout would be a

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lot higher than it was. You can see the authorities seem very concerned

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about that. On the second day of voting, the final day of voting, but

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abruptly, the committee declared that they would make a third day of

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voting, and extended day of voting, which indicated to many people in

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the capital that the authorities were very worried about the turnout.

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There were all sorts of messages. Celebrities were telling people not

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to vote. Is this getting embarrassing for Abdel-Fattah

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el-Sisi? It is certainly not what the authorities had in mind. Some of

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the big shopping centres were closed. You also had the media

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pushing a huge campaign on all sorts of media to try and get people out

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to vote. There was hysteria on some of the private channels. This is not

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want people in authority wanted to see. You would hope they would take

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notice of this going forward that there was a passive boycott of

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people who simply did not want to be involved and not because they oppose

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the system. But there was certainly an active one as well and that

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represent something that we hope the state authorities would take

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seriously in the way forward. In many ways, winning the election was

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the easy part for Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi. He has a lot of problems in

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the country. The likes of health care, education. Yes, I knew budget

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was signed off on by the interim government and those will have quite

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dramatic repercussions on social policies with eejit the economic,

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slow set of economic problems that are unfolding, they do not seem to

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be getting any better. Summer is coming. The hottest months of the

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year. The most electricity will be consumed, which put a strain on

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energy consumption. This will be a difficult period going forward. It

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is unclear, because we have not seen any proper programme. We have not

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seen what Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi is going to do about this problem.

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Private letters between former British Prime minister Tony Blair

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and George W Bush, written in the run up to the Iraq War will not be

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published in full. The chairman of the inquiry into the Iraq War, Sir

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John Chilcott, has said that only quotes or suggestions of the notes'

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content, will be made public. The inquiry completed its public

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hearings in 2011 and today's announcement comes amid mounting

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criticism of the delay in releasing the report. The report contains some

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For many, it was the war which never really ended, which cost so many

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ways, some say 100,000. Some people say it is many times that figure.

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There is still no official version of events as to what led to Great

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Britain and the United States attacking Iraq. What was said

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between the British Prime Minister to the American President, what had

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he promised? An enquiry was launched a staggering 58 months ago to find

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the full story. It was there that Tony Blair came to give his account

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of his actions and was told to spell out exactly what he had told George

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Bush in 130 private conversations. I said we would stand shoulder to

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shoulder with them. We did in Afghanistan and I was determined to

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do that once more. Today, we learnt of the deal done. In a letter to a

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top civil servant, the enquiry chairman said he will only publish

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quotes and suggestions, not full documents. They should not reflect

:20:51.:20:55.

the views of President Bush. Direct quotations from the document should

:20:56.:21:00.

be the minimum necessary. The mother of one of the 179 soldiers from

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Great Britain killed in the conflict was very disappointed. We want to

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know, so we can understand what led to the invading Iraq. We want to

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know the correspondence between Tony Blair and George Bush. It is more

:21:21.:21:29.

than ten years since the invasion. Tony Blair has always insisted that

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the dramatic and bloody story contains no secrets and that he

:21:35.:21:39.

wants the enquiry out as soon as possible. We should be able to read

:21:40.:21:41.

it later this year. It is not just rich countries

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anymore - the whole world is getting fatter. New research conducted here

:21:45.:21:47.

in the UK by the medical journal The Lancet suggests that more than two

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billion people are now overweight, one third of the entire global

:21:52.:21:54.

population. Once an element of rich countries,

:21:55.:22:11.

it is no people of all ages and incomes who are tipping the Scales.

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The heavy burden is no greater than ever before. Not one country has

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succeeded in bringing down the problem. The survey found a

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staggering 2.1 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese.

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The United States tops the list. China came in second, followed by

:22:36.:22:42.

India, together making up 15% of the world 's obese. Also in the top ten

:22:43.:22:49.

where Pakistan and India uneasy. Two thirds of those who are obese are

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living in developing countries, which is an example of new

:22:53.:23:01.

prosperity and greater access to Western fat foods. It is destroying

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the indigenous food culture. It is perceived in those countries as

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being rather chic to eat there. We have not had that in their lives.

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There are these wonderful stores where you can eat very easily. The

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study also found that in developing countries women are more likely to

:23:25.:23:30.

be overweight than men, the reverse is true in developed nations. It is

:23:31.:23:35.

the most comprehensive study of its kind. With obesity rates rising in

:23:36.:23:44.

children by 50%, a urgent changes needed at government level before

:23:45.:23:47.

the next generation is also consumed by this.

:23:48.:23:49.

Professor Nick Finer is Chair of Clinical Care with the World Obesity

:23:50.:23:54.

Federation. He joins us from Cambridge.

:23:55.:23:59.

I would guess that these findings do not shop queue at all? No, we have

:24:00.:24:06.

known for a while that this is getting worse, most rapidly in

:24:07.:24:12.

developing countries. It is a devastating and bleak future for the

:24:13.:24:17.

evolving health care systems in those countries. What is happening

:24:18.:24:24.

there. And the getting richer and doing less exercise and eating the

:24:25.:24:32.

wrong foods, following the West? That is part of it. There are also

:24:33.:24:38.

changes in the interior of which could affect obesity and its

:24:39.:24:43.

complications. But the bottom line is that the mechanism is more food

:24:44.:24:49.

in, less energy out. The real question is what is on the causes

:24:50.:24:54.

behind these mechanisms. We know that there are changes in our

:24:55.:24:59.

society. We are eating too much and not exercising enough, but it has

:25:00.:25:04.

been 30 years since last major study like this. Why are we not reversing

:25:05.:25:11.

the trend? I do not think is simple. It involves a concerted approach,

:25:12.:25:17.

which I think has to be led by government. There has to be a

:25:18.:25:24.

recognition by people, individuals, society, that obesity is a disease.

:25:25.:25:32.

It is a major health risk. It is now threatening to reverse the advances

:25:33.:25:37.

in longevity that we have made over the last 30-40 years. And the next

:25:38.:25:42.

generation may actually die younger than the current generation. On the

:25:43.:25:49.

one hand, there is a conflict. We have food industries and agriculture

:25:50.:25:53.

and all sorts of action and bodies they do not want to upset. If you

:25:54.:26:02.

label obesity as a disease, but does not take away the personal

:26:03.:26:08.

responsibility for a person 's health? It meets all the criteria

:26:09.:26:14.

for a disease. There is a physiology that causes obesity print

:26:15.:26:17.

environments change and I do not think it takes away people 's

:26:18.:26:22.

responsibility any more than someone with diabetes does not have the duty

:26:23.:26:30.

to look after that disease. But if we do not recognise it for what it

:26:31.:26:35.

is, governments will continue to ignore the overwhelming evidence

:26:36.:26:38.

that they have got to do something about this. Thank you very much for

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speaking tours. We will see you again very soon.

:26:45.:26:55.

Good evening. Things have settled down quite nicely for the end of the

:26:56.:27:04.

week. There is a good deal of dry and bright weather tomorrow. They

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will be a fair bit of cloud, as well. The high pressure is building

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from the North. We have got this week whether from just popping the

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South West of

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