29/05/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Daniela Ritorto. No sign of a


letup in the violence in eastern Ukraine, where rebels have shot down


a military helicopter killing 14 people. The outgoing president


claimed the rebels used a Russian weapon system.


Australian officials say that Flight MH370 is not in the area the search


was focused on. Is there any chance of finding the Malaysian plane?


Former military chief Ann wins Egypt's election. Those who voted


delivered a landslide but turnout was less than 50%.


The world's waistlines are getting wider. New research says a third of


people globally are classified as overweight or OBC. -- obese.


We start in Ukraine, where the government has


We start in Ukraine, where the government confirmed that 14


soldiers, including an army general, were killed after a helicopter was


shot down by rope -- by pro-Russian rebels in the east. This photograph


was taken shortly after the crash. The helicopter had been dropping off


soldiers at the base in Sloviansk, the city which has become the


epicentre of fighting between government and pro-Russian forces.


Local people captured the aftermath of the crash, a thick plume of smoke


rising above the wreckage of the helicopter. It was brought down by


pro-Russian rebels as it transported personnel to a military base for a


chief -- a shift change. On board were 14 people, including an army


general. Ukraine's outgoing president, Alexander Turchynov, said


the helicopter had been hit by a Russian-made anti-aircraft missile.


A real war is going on in the east. I have just heard from the East that


one of our helicopters, which was taking armed servicemen for military


rotation, has been shot down by terrorists. There is a sense of


lawlessness in eastern Ukraine. Today militia men were guarding the


airport at the nets after a theist -- fierce battle earlier in the


week. On Monday four members of the OSCE were abducted in Sloviansk by


militiamen. They have not been seen since.


We are concerned but we are using all of our contacts with the


government and the non-state actors to re-establish contact with them.


We believe they are fine they are well, but we want to see them


returned to base. In Ukraine's capital of Kiev


barriers and banners are still in place following Sunday's election.


Many people now want a return to normality. The to crush the


rebellion within hours rather than months. -- the new president has


promised to crush. He faces an immense challenge.


A former US ambassador to the Ukraine is now at the National


Institute for Health and Care Excellence. He joins us now.


Ukrainians are killing each other in their scores, what is it going to


take to end this? -- is now at the Brookings Institution. I am glad


that the Russians are prepared to say they will respect the will of


the elections. They could use their influence on the rebels to get them


to de-escalate, and then the government could de-escalate. We


have just had some news in that pro-Moscow separatists say that most


of the fighters killed at the nets could airport were from Russia. I


suppose that does not surprise you. -- Donetsk airport. The Russians


have said they want a more normal relationship with Kiev but there is


this influx of fighters and weapons into Ukraine. It has to be that if


the Russian border guards wanted the shot that down they would. On Monday


you had pro-Russian separatists attacking the airport in Donetsk and


the Ukrainian army pushed them back. The next day Moscow criticised the


Ukrainian army but said nothing about the separatists. One wonders


where the rebels are getting weaponry which can shoot down


military helicopters. That is a big question. Some years ago there was a


NATO programme working with Ukraine to eliminate those shoulder fired


shots -- surface-to-air missiles because they were a tempting target


for terrorists. Most of the infantry in Ukraine was eliminated and one


wonders where the separatists get sophisticated weapons like that. My


guess they -- my guess is that it was not at the local police


stations. Let's talk about outside players, the EU and the United


States. What would you like to see them doing? There is two things. It


looks like the Sunday collection was good in several counts, a good


turnout, it was described as free and fair, and a clear victor.


Poroshenko now has a renewed democratic mandate to tackle some of


these issues. The West needs to support him critically so that he


can address the difficult domestic challenges, and other things that


the European Union and the US can do vis-a-vis Russia so that Russia


becomes part of the solution, not the problem. We are seeing an


escalation of violence and is there a danger in this vacuum? It creates


a difficult situation. Ideally the separatists would have -- would not


have chosen Monday to take the airport, which seems to have


triggered a lot of the fighting now taking place in the city in Donetsk.


I think the plan is that he will take office in about ten days and he


is going to have a very full agenda, I think. You begin to see


some signs that he is beginning to move and take charge and put his


imprint on government policy, so I do not think time will be lost. To


the extent that events in Luhansk and Donetsk are deteriorating, that


will make it much more difficult for him from the outset. Thank you for


your analysis and your time. France next, because thousands of


people have taken to the streets of Paris to protest a victory of the


far right National front in the European Parliament elections. The


anti-immigration Eurosceptic party took 24 seats in France compared


with just three in 2009. Today the protesters, many students, gathered


in Bastille Square in the centre of Paris. They say the National Front


threatens French values of tolerance and social justice.


It has been nearly three months and still nobody seems to have any idea


about what happened to Flight MH370, which was carrying 239 people. A


robotics arena has just finished scouring an area of the sea bed off


the Australian coast. -- a robotic machine.


After nearly three months, almost back to square one. The underwater


search in the southern Indian Ocean using this automated submarine


lasted six weeks. It was focusing on an area where kings, or signals, had


been detected, possibly from the plane's black box, but nothing was


found. -- pings. The safety bureau has advised that the search can be


considered complete. In its professional judgement the area can


now be discounted as the final resting place for Flight MH370. It


is another blow for the families of the 239 people who were on board. It


is a far cry from the optimism the Australian prime minister showed


last month. We have very much narrowed down the


search area and we are very confident that the signals we are


detecting are from the black box on Flight MH370.


Investigators will continue to scan the ocean floor. Commercial


contractors will be brought in. But the search area is having to be


massively extended to an area of over 60,000 square kilometres,


roughly half the size of England. The cost is massive. The Australian


government allocated recently a further 80 million US dollars to the


search but both time and money have failed to solve the mystery of


Flight MH370. They may not even be looking in the right place.


Let's talk to Simon Boxall, and oceanographer with the University of


Southampton. Not even looking in the right place, that is a drug testing


-- depressing prospect. Yes, and the next stage is to widen the search to


about 60,000 square miles. That will get bigger as time goes on. It has


gone from a difficult task to one that is almost impossible because


they are searching such a large area in such deep water. I think there is


little chance of finding anything now. What makes you think that? The


enormity of the task. You are looking at a task of several years,


so it will run into not tens of millions but possibly hundreds of


millions of pounds over the next few years. As in all of these things,


they could turn lucky and tripped over it on day one but this main


lead of picking up the pings from the plane, that was the best they


had to go on. I would not dismiss the area they have been surging


incompletely. We know from the air France flight that landed in the


Atlantic a few years earlier, they had survey the area where they


finally found it and finally they found it. -- they had searched the


area. What would be the right equipment to use? There are wetter


tools which are more expensive and need more support, but given the


amount of investment that has been put in so far, they need a system


capable at much deeper areas, because the Bluefin-21 is not really


designed for this kind of task. Do you think they need to revisit the


data that got them there in the first place? Very quickly, for the


sake of the families, you say it may never be found, but they can't give


up, surely? There is a point where... They really are looking for


a needle in a field of haystacks so it is probable, I want say


definite, that they won't find it. The Chinese and the Malaysians are


keen to continue but it starts to open up a massive issue over, how


long does one go on for before one says, look, we have searched the


area 's we thought we might have found the aircraft, do we broaden it


or stop? -- searched the areas. I really appreciate your thoughts,


thank you very much. Let's look at some of the other top


stories. Pakistani's prime minister has demanded immediate action after


a pregnant woman was bludgeoned to death with bricks outside the High


Court in Lahore. She was killed on Tuesday by men in her family for


marrying against their witnesses. Eyewitnesses say the police were


present but had nothing. That has been denied by the head of the


police force. One man has been arrested and


charges have been made against other men in India over the rape of two


girls. Three policemen have been suspended.


International medical aid teams have arrived in eastern Sierra Leone to


start dealing with an out rake of the Ebola virus. They face a,


catered task, -- a complicated task. Turkey's constitutional court has


ordered YouTube the -- to be unblocked Thomas saying it violates


freedom of expression. -- to be unblocked, saying. In April the


court lifted the ban on Twitter as well.


The former army chief in Egypt, Pardeep Singh, has won the


presidential election with more than 90% of the vote. The left if --


leftist candidate has conceded defeat and the Muslim brotherhood


and other groups boycotted it. We can now look at some of the numbers.


Only 3% opted to vote for his opponent. Despite the crushing


victory, I want to take a closer look at these numbers. This is not


the mandate that he wanted to legitimise the overthrow of the


previous regime. There was an assumption the turnout would be a


lot higher than it was. You can see the authorities seem very concerned


about that. On the second day of voting, the final day of voting, but


abruptly, the committee declared that they would make a third day of


voting, and extended day of voting, which indicated to many people in


the capital that the authorities were very worried about the turnout.


There were all sorts of messages. Celebrities were telling people not


to vote. Is this getting embarrassing for Abdel-Fattah


el-Sisi? It is certainly not what the authorities had in mind. Some of


the big shopping centres were closed. You also had the media


pushing a huge campaign on all sorts of media to try and get people out


to vote. There was hysteria on some of the private channels. This is not


want people in authority wanted to see. You would hope they would take


notice of this going forward that there was a passive boycott of


people who simply did not want to be involved and not because they oppose


the system. But there was certainly an active one as well and that


represent something that we hope the state authorities would take


seriously in the way forward. In many ways, winning the election was


the easy part for Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi. He has a lot of problems in


the country. The likes of health care, education. Yes, I knew budget


was signed off on by the interim government and those will have quite


dramatic repercussions on social policies with eejit the economic,


slow set of economic problems that are unfolding, they do not seem to


be getting any better. Summer is coming. The hottest months of the


year. The most electricity will be consumed, which put a strain on


energy consumption. This will be a difficult period going forward. It


is unclear, because we have not seen any proper programme. We have not


seen what Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi is going to do about this problem.


Private letters between former British Prime minister Tony Blair


and George W Bush, written in the run up to the Iraq War will not be


published in full. The chairman of the inquiry into the Iraq War, Sir


John Chilcott, has said that only quotes or suggestions of the notes'


content, will be made public. The inquiry completed its public


hearings in 2011 and today's announcement comes amid mounting


criticism of the delay in releasing the report. The report contains some


For many, it was the war which never really ended, which cost so many


ways, some say 100,000. Some people say it is many times that figure.


There is still no official version of events as to what led to Great


Britain and the United States attacking Iraq. What was said


between the British Prime Minister to the American President, what had


he promised? An enquiry was launched a staggering 58 months ago to find


the full story. It was there that Tony Blair came to give his account


of his actions and was told to spell out exactly what he had told George


Bush in 130 private conversations. I said we would stand shoulder to


shoulder with them. We did in Afghanistan and I was determined to


do that once more. Today, we learnt of the deal done. In a letter to a


top civil servant, the enquiry chairman said he will only publish


quotes and suggestions, not full documents. They should not reflect


the views of President Bush. Direct quotations from the document should


be the minimum necessary. The mother of one of the 179 soldiers from


Great Britain killed in the conflict was very disappointed. We want to


know, so we can understand what led to the invading Iraq. We want to


know the correspondence between Tony Blair and George Bush. It is more


than ten years since the invasion. Tony Blair has always insisted that


the dramatic and bloody story contains no secrets and that he


wants the enquiry out as soon as possible. We should be able to read


it later this year. It is not just rich countries


anymore - the whole world is getting fatter. New research conducted here


in the UK by the medical journal The Lancet suggests that more than two


billion people are now overweight, one third of the entire global


population. Once an element of rich countries,


it is no people of all ages and incomes who are tipping the Scales.


The heavy burden is no greater than ever before. Not one country has


succeeded in bringing down the problem. The survey found a


staggering 2.1 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese.


The United States tops the list. China came in second, followed by


India, together making up 15% of the world 's obese. Also in the top ten


where Pakistan and India uneasy. Two thirds of those who are obese are


living in developing countries, which is an example of new


prosperity and greater access to Western fat foods. It is destroying


the indigenous food culture. It is perceived in those countries as


being rather chic to eat there. We have not had that in their lives.


There are these wonderful stores where you can eat very easily. The


study also found that in developing countries women are more likely to


be overweight than men, the reverse is true in developed nations. It is


the most comprehensive study of its kind. With obesity rates rising in


children by 50%, a urgent changes needed at government level before


the next generation is also consumed by this.


Professor Nick Finer is Chair of Clinical Care with the World Obesity


Federation. He joins us from Cambridge.


I would guess that these findings do not shop queue at all? No, we have


known for a while that this is getting worse, most rapidly in


developing countries. It is a devastating and bleak future for the


evolving health care systems in those countries. What is happening


there. And the getting richer and doing less exercise and eating the


wrong foods, following the West? That is part of it. There are also


changes in the interior of which could affect obesity and its


complications. But the bottom line is that the mechanism is more food


in, less energy out. The real question is what is on the causes


behind these mechanisms. We know that there are changes in our


society. We are eating too much and not exercising enough, but it has


been 30 years since last major study like this. Why are we not reversing


the trend? I do not think is simple. It involves a concerted approach,


which I think has to be led by government. There has to be a


recognition by people, individuals, society, that obesity is a disease.


It is a major health risk. It is now threatening to reverse the advances


in longevity that we have made over the last 30-40 years. And the next


generation may actually die younger than the current generation. On the


one hand, there is a conflict. We have food industries and agriculture


and all sorts of action and bodies they do not want to upset. If you


label obesity as a disease, but does not take away the personal


responsibility for a person 's health? It meets all the criteria


for a disease. There is a physiology that causes obesity print


environments change and I do not think it takes away people 's


responsibility any more than someone with diabetes does not have the duty


to look after that disease. But if we do not recognise it for what it


is, governments will continue to ignore the overwhelming evidence


that they have got to do something about this. Thank you very much for


speaking tours. We will see you again very soon.


Good evening. Things have settled down quite nicely for the end of the


week. There is a good deal of dry and bright weather tomorrow. They


will be a fair bit of cloud, as well. The high pressure is building


from the North. We have got this week whether from just popping the


South West of


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