28/05/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


French riot police evict hundreds of migrants from makeshift camps


Migrants from Asia, the Middle East and Africa were told to pack


their bags and go before their temporary homes were bulldozed.


President Obama makes the case for a different kind of foreign policy


These people but the problem is there is here.


President Obama makes the case for a different kind of foreign policy


family described her as a warrior for equality.


The American writer, poet and activist Maya Angelou,


We'll be looking back at her extraordinary life.


Look no hands - and no driver - is this the kind of car we'll all


Police in Calais have spent the day evicting hundreds


of migrants from makeshift camps in the port area of the French city.


Many, from Africa, the Middle East and Asia, have spent months trying


people have been surviving here, with little shelter or food.


The local authorities say the conditions in three camps have


become insanitary, and that there's been an outbreak of scabies.


The BBC's Paul Adams was at one of the camps when the police moved in.


Slowly the police herded the mode, inspecting every makeshift tent. We


thought we would be safe in France because we run away from war and I'm


from Syria but we see this. Tented by tent camp is being cleared. It is


all very calm but hanging over the whole process is the question of


where these people are supposed to go. At first there were no answers.


The refugees wonder if we understand what they have been through. Of all


the people in the world, just think about this. This man has been on the


move for five years. We live alone and we cross the desert. Wait a


minute, please. But for some year this moments could not come soon


enough. This woman told me her city was under siege. The problem is for


our town. Back near the port, tempers were afraid. Some of the


migrants erected barricades and there were scuffles. There were


insults. Backward it started, the bulldozers moved in and camp the


camp to call Syria quickly reduced to a pile of debris. Finally there


was a sort of ideal. They have one more night here before they have to


find accommodation outside the city. He prepared for another night in the


open and another leg of his long and exhausting journey. The daily


movement of people searching for a better life continues in North


Africa. Around the border between Around the Morocco


and the Spanish enclave of Melilla dawn... and the Spanish authorities


say 400 people managed to climb a fence and get across. They're now in


an immigration centre there. Some may be transferred to the Spanish


mainland, but most are likely to be sent back to their countries of


origin in sub-Saharan Africa. With me is Claude Moraes, just


re-elected as a Labour Member of the European Parliament, also former


director of the UK's Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants.


How many people here in Britain know about this? I have been


following this since 2002 and most people have no place to go. The


suspicion that I can say is that that is also a political element to


the clearing of those camps. The justification given is medical that


the sanitary conditions in these camps are always terrible. The


terrible now and I visited them very many years ago and they were


terrible then. That is always the politics. It is a political football


and the seeming beings other detritus of this political game.


Dash-mac in these human beings. We cannot make at direct connection but


the timing is to need and I think the problem here is that today in


France we have those problems but we have those problems over Europe. It


is not a crime to be an illegal immigrant and I think we should look


at burden sharing and responsibility as to how to deal with these people


and not create a political football in a highly developed country like


France and indeed in this country as well. We want to ask how many people


in Britain would consider themselves to be racially prejudice?


question asked each year in the British Social Attitudes Survey -


and it's just been revealed that in the last survey, a third of people


said they were - figures which seem to show the problem is as bad as it


was 30 years ago. Jon Brain has more on the findings.


Multicultural Britain, a society steadily becoming more


at ease with its increased ethnic diversity - not according to


the results of this survey. In fact, it reveals that, while


racial prejudice fell to an all-time low at the start of the millennium,


it's been rising since then. Back in 1983, 36% of people


questioned described themselves as either "very" or "a


little" prejudiced against people of other races.


By 2000, the figure was 25%, one in four.


But last year, 30% of those surveyed admitted to prejudice.


There are wide variations across the country.


Just 16% of people in inner London admitted to prejudice.


In the West Midlands, the figure was 35%.


Older men in manual jobs were the most likely


to say they were prejudiced, but the group recording the biggest rise


was educated male professionals. The strongest message for


politicians from the survey concerns immigration.


Perhaps not surprisingly, more than 90% of those who admitted


some level of racial prejudice want to see a reduction in the number


of those entering the UK. But so do 72% of those who said they


The MEP Claude Moraes is still with me - and Claude, you were also with


the Commission for Racial Equality here in the UK.


That's do you see evidence that which prejudices on the rise in the


UK? There is some evidence that we have a new phase of racial prejudice


but it is complex and people are unlikely to admit to it with the


British element of not wanting to admit to racism. That is breaking


away in this environment where we have political immigration in a


debate going on which is quite negative. We also have a


parochialism going on. In big cities we have a cosmopolitan population


more likely to be at ease with other cultures and races but you have some


elements, particularly categories of white men who are more likely to


admit to prejudice. That is an indication of the austerity we have


and the kind of statements people will now make. I think this is a


fascinating survey. We're getting reports that there has been a


shooting at Cape Town International airport. One person is thought to


have been killed and several others injured an incident in a


restaurant. Initial reports say that a man has shot a woman before


turning the gun on himself. President Obama has been outlining


his vision for a new chapter Speaking to graduates at the


West Point Military Academy he said the US must always lead


on the world stage but military action should not be the only


element in such leadership. put it, 'Just because we


have the biggest hammer, does not Mr Obama also said terrorism


remained the most direct He announced the creation


of a $5 billion fund to help countries


across the world fight terrorism. Katty Kay is at the White House


for us - what did you find most He said when the homeland is


threatened, America has the right to take unilateral action and should


not have to ask permission. But he also laid out the case for


multilateralism and for America whose footprint would perhaps be


smaller on the world stage. The counterterrorism fund he was talking


about was part of that. This would help other countries be trained and


equipped so they can do what America has been doing up until now. This


fund will be up to $5 billion which will allow us to train and


facilitate partner countries on the front lines. These resources will


give this flexibility in different measures. They will help us with the


training forces who have gone on the offensive against Al-Qaeda. They


will keep peace in Somalia. We will mean taking a border patrol in Libya


and facilitate French operations and in Mali. As frustrating as it is


there are no easy answers in Syria and no military solution can


eliminate this terrible suffering any time soon. The only problem with


this fund is that the White House has no money for this and have got


to go to Congress for the money. We will see whether he actually gets


this new fund. He was accused by one journalist of the leading from


behind on foreign policy. Do his critics still say that this is what


he is doing? I think his whole speech was a reaction to this


criticism. He has clearly been frustrated by people on the right


and on the left in the United States who are saying that America has not


done enough in Syria and in the Ukraine. He was trying to say that


there are times for multilateralism and times for unilateralism do not


mistake multilateralism for weakness. We can have successes when


we lead the world. He pointed to Ukraine as an example of that.


America put pressure on President Putin and came up with a good


result. He used the Ukraine as a positive example of multilateralism


at work. Given that relationships with Russia are frosty, it is


particularly interesting? The other example he pointed to was Iran and I


think he is trying to reflect an American public that is slightly


confused. They have had years of war and do not want unilateral


intervention. The opinion polls suggest the American public was


opposed to America taking military action. The American public is


slightly schizophrenic on this and also want to be seen to be the


strong world leader. The speech was trying to marry the two ends of the


spectrum. Now a look at some of the day's


other news. A major faction of the


Pakistani Taliban has announced it is splitting from


the larger militant organisation. A spokesman for the Mehsud group


said the decision is a result This is the first major rift in


Pakistani Taliban ranks since 2007 and it's being seen as a significant


blow to the organisation. 55 people have been found guilty


in a mass trial in China's restive Some 7,000 people watched as


a court sitting in a stadium handed out the verdicts on charges of


terrorism, separatism and murder. Three people were


sentenced to death. Egypt's presidential election has


run to a third day after the military-backed interim


authorities extended voting It comes after


a last-minute decision to declare Tuesday a holiday failed to persuade


people to cast their ballots. A low turnout threatens to undermine


the legitimacy of former military chief Abdul


Fattah al-Sisi, who is expected to In Thailand


the army says it's now released 124 leading politicians, activists


and academics who were taken into 76 people are still detained,


most from the Red Shirt movement The American writer, poet,


and academic, Maya Angelou, The first volume


of her autobiography, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings,


reflected her traumatic childhood in an era defined by racial segregation


and became a bestseller. Nick Higham looks back on


a hugely creative, turbulent life. My life is not heaven but it sure is


not held. FIM able to work and have the luck to be black on a Saturday


night. Performing one of her own poems. She was charismatic and


passionate, a role model who celebrated the experience of being


black in America. She grew up in the deep South of America, raised by her


grandmother admits to racial segregation and poverty. She was


raped at the age of seven by the boyfriend of her mother. She did not


speak for the next five years, but the bread voraciously. -- but she


read voraciously. She became a dancer and appeared on Broadway.


Then, in what became an extra to marry career, she became a


journalist and academic, and spent worked with civil rights leaders in


America. It was her autobiography that made her name, beginning with I


Know Why The Caged Bird Sings. I remember thinking that white folks


could not be people because their feet were too small, their skin to


white and see-through. Bill Clinton acknowledged her status when he


asked her to read a point at his inauguration. History, despite its


patent, cannot be a if faced with courage, need not be lived again.


Barack Obama awarded her a presidential medal of freedom.


Martin Luther King told me that he expected a black president in 40


years and I've said, I will be long dead before that happens. She made


movies and documentaries about the black experience. Always warm and


wise and encouraging. The encroachment is not to just survive,


but to thrive. To thrive with some passion, some compassion for my some


humour and some style. -- compassion, some humour and some


style. Danielle Moodie-Mills is


an adviser on racial justice to What did Maya Angelou mean it to


you? She meant so much. She was an extraordinary light and an amazing


figure and leader, an African-American woman who told all


of us who are African-American that you can be great, you can be a


monument for which people look to for guidance and for hope, and that


is what she was, she was a living my name and of hope and light. It is


interesting that she has been introduced, she had a best-selling


autobiography, but she has the -- she has been reintroduced to younger


generations as well. In 1993, I was only 13 years old, and it was the


inaugural poem that she writes for president Bill Clinton, but it was


also a move that came out as well that featured Janet Jackson and that


was called poetic justice, and in that movie, her character read the


programmes of Maya Angelou, particularly phenomenal woman, which


gave license to sell many African American women to be phenomenal, to


embrace their curves, their body, their beauty in all of its


awkwardness and all throughout time, and it was just this time to rebel


as a young person, being in 13 years old, being a young black girl in the


United States and recognising that I was a special and beautiful, and


that is powerful and an empowerment in a country that does not always


see black as beautiful. Of course, she had terrible struggles, grew up


in the deeply racist segregation South, but what you are saying is,


the way she phrased her message, her poetry still speaks to young black


women today. Her poetry speaks to the world today. She did not mince


words in her poetry about the terrorism that black people faced in


the United States throughout, from slavery through Jim Crow, and even


up until today, there is a lot of injustice that African-Americans


face, and Maya Angelou used the beauty of her words to really bring


that picture to people all around the world. It was important and


needed. She said that she would never see a black president in her


lifetime. She would die, be long dead and gone, before that happened,


so I can only imagine, in 2011, when President Barack Obama gives her the


highest honour up -- Hunter in the land, I can only imagine what that


meant to her, because I know what it meant to me to see that honour


bestowed to her. It was just phenomenal. I was interested in one


of her many memorable quotations where she said, courage is the most


important of all of the virtues, because without that, you cannot


practice any other virtue consistently. That could apply to


many politicians, couldn't it? That could be a piece of advice to


everyone. It takes courage to stand up for your convictions, and I've


think she showed all of us that, that it takes courage to speak the


truth, to open your truth, and to live in it. Thank you for joining


us. Thank you for having me. Now, how safe would you feel


in a car with no driver? Not only that, no option to drive,


no steering wheel, no pedals, just The US tech giant Google has


announced plans to build 100 self-driving vehicles,


and has started trying them out Supporters claim they could reduce


the number of traffic accidents, but some fear they'll just boost


the amount of traffic on the roads. Here's our technology


correspondent Rory Cellan Jones. No steering wheel, no accelerating


pedal, not even a break, but this could be the future of motoring.


Press a button and off you go. The maximum speed is 25 miles an hour.


Software detects other vehicles, and a softer materials that should make


it safer it did -- it hit a pedestrian. Google is to build 100


of these vehicles in the next stage of a hugely ambitious project which


has so far involved adapting existing cars the promises that --


adapting existing cars. The premise is that this will cut road accidents


caused by human error. But the big car makers are already bringing in


some automation. This car helps you keep in your lane, and when it comes


to reversing into a tight spot, the car can take over. I and not


derail's best partner, said the level of automation where you take


your story will and let it happen is a fine by me, but how happy would we


be to let the car takeover in all circumstances? The key, of coarse,


is safety. The existing self-driving car has driven hundreds of thousands


of miles without an accident and can spot a cyclist pulling out. When the


cyclist pulls out it's arm, the movement is predicted. This would


involve big spending on the road system and a radical change in our


attitudes towards mentoring. The major constraints are the costs to


do the roads, the sensors come at you would have to have individual


lanes for these cars. Are we as human beings ready for that moment


where you take away all control whatsoever and fit in your little


box and off you go? Google plans to run a pilot programme for its


self-driving car near its Californian headquarters in the next


couple of years, but it will be a long time before city streets are


ready for motoring without the tourists.


Here is some amateur video of a tornado in the United States. It


ripped through a trailer park, injuring at least nine people, one


of them critically. It is about to go right over us. It was filmed near


Watford city by a resident from a neighboring camp, who got in his


camp and drove away while witnessing this. The park is home to workers in


North Dakota's oil trade. Just a reminder, our main headline, French


police have been affecting around 800 migrants. The police moved


through the camp, telling people to leave.


But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.


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