27/05/2014 World News Today


27/05/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:10.:00:12.

Crunch talks are getting under way between European leaders in Brussels

:00:13.:00:15.

As the leaders gather after populist parties gain seats

:00:16.:00:22.

across Europe, they are saying it cannot be business as usual.

:00:23.:00:25.

Brussels has got too big, too bossy, too interfering.

:00:26.:00:27.

We need more power for nation states.

:00:28.:00:29.

It should be nation states wherever possible,

:00:30.:00:31.

The missing Nigerian schoolgirls, now the military claims it knows

:00:32.:00:36.

where they are, but it's too dangerous to rescue them.

:00:37.:00:44.

The human cost of the Ukrainian military's operation to retake

:00:45.:00:47.

Donetsk airport becomes clear, dozens of pro-Russia separatists

:00:48.:00:49.

And ahead of the Tour de France's arrival in Yorkshire,

:00:50.:00:54.

lessons on the effects of endurance cycling from the first

:00:55.:00:56.

The leaders of European Union states, including Britain's David

:00:57.:01:18.

Cameron, are dining together in Brussels, their first chance to

:01:19.:01:20.

talk about the EU's priorities, after the weekend's surge in support

:01:21.:01:24.

Mr Cameron said as he arrived that Brussels needs to

:01:25.:01:31.

"change" because it has become "too big, too bossy, too interfering".

:01:32.:01:35.

The French President Francois Hollande says new efforts are needed

:01:36.:01:37.

to tackle the problems of unemployment, inequality and fear.

:01:38.:01:40.

Our Europe editor, Gavin Hewitt, reports from Brussels.

:01:41.:01:49.

Late afternoon, the leaders began sweeping into Brussels for an

:01:50.:01:56.

inquest into an election that saw huge increases for Eurosceptic

:01:57.:02:03.

parties. David Cameron pushed an agenda for change. The EU cannot

:02:04.:02:08.

shrug off these results and carry on as before, we need change, we need

:02:09.:02:13.

an approach that recognises Europe shall concentrate on what matters,

:02:14.:02:18.

growth and jobs, and not do so much. Brussels has got too big, it has got

:02:19.:02:24.

too bossy and interfering. The French resident Holland Micro said

:02:25.:02:27.

he was looking to reorientate economic policies -- policy towards

:02:28.:02:31.

growth and protect jobs -- President. In Perth -- in Brussels,

:02:32.:02:38.

Angela Merkel is now more influential than ever, will she back

:02:39.:02:43.

and EU doing less but better? Will she responds to voters turning

:02:44.:02:49.

against austerity? -- respond. Some of the winners have been setting out

:02:50.:02:52.

their approach in the new European Parliament. This is the French far

:02:53.:02:59.

right leader Le Pen. Our objective is to block all

:03:00.:03:04.

harmful developments by the European Union which involves defending the

:03:05.:03:11.

interests of friends and the French. And in a sign of the new tension,

:03:12.:03:16.

the powerful German Finance Minister today denounced her party as

:03:17.:03:22.

fascist. Another Victor, Nigel Farage, was back in Brussels looking

:03:23.:03:26.

for allies but rejecting any alliance with Le Pen. There is

:03:27.:03:30.

absolutely no chance of any accommodation, of any kind, been

:03:31.:03:36.

found between UKIP and the French National front. There is a sense of

:03:37.:03:41.

politicians and leaders scrambling to adjust to a political earthquake.

:03:42.:03:53.

What do they need to get out of this meeting?

:03:54.:03:58.

It is ironic because there are two forces at work in the EU. One is

:03:59.:04:04.

that within the Eurozone, the 18th countries using the single currency,

:04:05.:04:08.

there is a feeling that maybe not this week, but over the next couple

:04:09.:04:13.

of years, there needs to be closer integration if the single currency

:04:14.:04:18.

is to survive -- 18 countries. If you are saying to voters that you

:04:19.:04:23.

hear the message that the union needs to do less, that has to,

:04:24.:04:28.

within the European Union, involving 28 members -- that has to come

:04:29.:04:35.

within. They look at a country like Italy where a new young fresh centre

:04:36.:04:40.

(Minister did very well, Matteo Renzi, he had a mandate. -- French

:04:41.:04:52.

sent -- fresh centre Prime Minister. Some leaders need to take account of

:04:53.:04:58.

what voters were saying. At when prop -- but when people say the

:04:59.:05:02.

usual do less, what does that mean? In the UK, that means rather more

:05:03.:05:08.

than in France where Holland Micro would not go along with some of what

:05:09.:05:12.

he would see as the more radical proposals -- Holland Micro.

:05:13.:05:21.

-- Francois Hollande. We heard Nigel Farage saying he is

:05:22.:05:25.

not going to do any deal with Spain Micro, is there a sense they cannot

:05:26.:05:31.

form an effective block in European politics. -- with Le Pen.

:05:32.:05:38.

The majority of the next Parliament will be broadly European, they have

:05:39.:05:43.

to find compromise. There will be several locks of five Micro who do

:05:44.:05:48.

not agree with the status quo. -- locks. -- blocks of MEPs. There will

:05:49.:05:56.

be a lot of competition to win friends and allies because to form a

:05:57.:06:01.

group, you have to have 25 MEPs from seven countries, that brings more

:06:02.:06:05.

funding, more influence, more speaking time, to get your message

:06:06.:06:10.

out and win more votes in the next election. To do that, it you could

:06:11.:06:15.

see different parties competing for some of the newer MEPs arriving

:06:16.:06:20.

here, a lot of horse trading going on. The parties on the centre ground

:06:21.:06:25.

but wants to forge a new legislative agenda. -- will want to forge.

:06:26.:06:34.

We have had reports on more attacks in northern Nigeria.

:06:35.:06:38.

Senior military leaders in Nigeria claim that they know where

:06:39.:06:41.

the Islamist group Boko Haram is holding more than 200 schoolgirls.

:06:42.:06:44.

But they won't reveal the exact location and they have

:06:45.:06:47.

The schoolgirls were taken six weeks ago from their school in Chibok

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It is thought they are being held somewhere

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in the Sambisa forest reserve, an area 16 times the size of London,

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The BBC's Will Ross reports from the Nigerian capital, Abuja.

:07:03.:07:22.

addicted -- abducted girls since this video was released two weeks

:07:23.:07:26.

ago, very embarrassing for the military which has deployed ground

:07:27.:07:31.

troops and planes. When it crowd turned up in support of the much

:07:32.:07:35.

criticised military, it was announced the girls had been

:07:36.:07:39.

located. The good news is that we know where they are but we cannot

:07:40.:07:45.

tell you. Just leave us alone, we are working, we will get the girls

:07:46.:07:50.

back. He did suggest using force would be too risky. This is what is

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left of the school from where the girls were seized in Chibok. There

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were taken in the middle of the night and loaded onto trucks. A

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Father whose two daughters are missing told us what he made of the

:08:08.:08:12.

news. I used to be completely downhearted but now we have some

:08:13.:08:16.

information about their whereabouts, we are beginning to feel comforted.

:08:17.:08:20.

The government should do everything it can to secure their

:08:21.:08:23.

The government should do everything alive. The news may be seen as a

:08:24.:08:27.

breakthrough, but plenty here reluctance to take official

:08:28.:08:30.

statements at face value. In churches and mosques, Nigerians keep

:08:31.:08:35.

praying for the return of the girls and an end to the relentless

:08:36.:08:40.

violence. Almost 500 people have been killed by Boko Haram since the

:08:41.:08:44.

girls were abducted six weeks ago. Using the military is not the only

:08:45.:08:49.

option for the government. We have learned negotiations have an

:08:50.:08:53.

attempted with Boko Haram and eight deal was almost struck that would

:08:54.:08:57.

have seen 50 girls released in exchange for setting free Boko Haram

:08:58.:09:03.

prisoners -- a deal. The government backed out at the 11th hour.

:09:04.:09:07.

More marches and demonstrations are planned, and on the city streets

:09:08.:09:13.

across Nigeria, the calls to bring back our girls are alive will still

:09:14.:09:14.

ring out. -- alive. Meanwhile, Cameroon has deployed

:09:15.:09:22.

some 1,000 troops and armoured vehicles to its border region with

:09:23.:09:25.

Nigeria to counter a rising threat To discuss all of this,

:09:26.:09:28.

I'm joined by our security First, that claim the government

:09:29.:09:42.

knows where the girls are. I would project a note of

:09:43.:09:47.

scepticism. I know the girls are in north-east Nigeria, an area twice

:09:48.:09:51.

the size of Rwanda. Do they mean they note the exact grid

:09:52.:09:57.

references? It is likely. -- do they know. They had been split into

:09:58.:10:01.

smaller groups and moved around, some of them are in caves. Even US

:10:02.:10:07.

droves sweeping the area do not know for certain. So that statement came

:10:08.:10:11.

in response to a pretty righteous anger either friends and families

:10:12.:10:18.

who doing daily marches to the defence Ministry in Abuja saying,

:10:19.:10:23.

where are our girls? What are you doing to bring them back? Reports

:10:24.:10:28.

say not very much activity is going on, there is not much coordination

:10:29.:10:33.

between the federal government in Abuja and the regional authorities

:10:34.:10:40.

in the north-east. Is that a lack of willpower or is the militarily

:10:41.:10:45.

scared to go after Abuja? -- Boko Haram. They are under resourced. The

:10:46.:10:51.

Nigerian military does not have the capacity to go into that area and to

:10:52.:10:56.

affect a cost free hostage rescue. As the military have said, they are

:10:57.:11:01.

not going to do that because it would end up in a bloodbath. Some

:11:02.:11:06.

reports say they do not have night-vision goggles, they do not

:11:07.:11:12.

know that area. Boko Haram does, they will no escape routes, they

:11:13.:11:15.

have been operating there for some period and they are well motivated.

:11:16.:11:20.

They hold the cards because they have got these abducted girls, they

:11:21.:11:25.

have got them at gunpoint effectively, but they have proved

:11:26.:11:32.

they are not afraid, they have no qualms about slaughtering civilians.

:11:33.:11:35.

In the attacks in the last 24 hours, they have gone just for security

:11:36.:11:39.

personnel but they have slaughtered lots of civilians and some of their

:11:40.:11:44.

die-hard militants are not afraid to die so it is a tough option to going

:11:45.:11:49.

even when British special forces went in two years ago, it did not

:11:50.:11:58.

result in hostages. So our Cameroon trying to protect itself -- so is

:11:59.:12:05.

Cameroon train to protect itself? It is a spin off from the Paris

:12:06.:12:08.

conference where Nigeria and neighbouring countries declared war

:12:09.:12:15.

on Boko Haram which is making it difficult for Goodluck Jonathan

:12:16.:12:18.

because he is being asked privately to negotiate. The only way they will

:12:19.:12:22.

come out unharmed is through negotiation and he said they will

:12:23.:12:26.

not free the militants. A negotiation was nearly done to free

:12:27.:12:30.

some of the girls for some of the militants and that is tough to curse

:12:31.:12:34.

those militants will rejoin Boko Haram. Cameroon, 1,000 soldiers, it

:12:35.:12:44.

is a drop in the ocean in a long border, it is to shore up the border

:12:45.:12:48.

to stop spilling over and establishing camps. Thank you very

:12:49.:12:49.

much. Ukraine's new president,

:12:50.:12:53.

Petro Poroshenko, has vowed to stop The government

:12:54.:12:56.

in Kiev says it has recaptured Donetsk airport in the east from

:12:57.:13:00.

pro-Russian separatists, following This is the aftermath of that

:13:01.:13:14.

intense firefight around the airport yesterday, this truck is burnt out.

:13:15.:13:18.

The windows have bought holes and around the base of the truck, there

:13:19.:13:23.

is plenty we cannot show you because it is too graphic -- bullet holes.

:13:24.:13:30.

We have seen body parts and blood from the fighting that took place

:13:31.:13:35.

yesterday. We have been here this morning and there have been some

:13:36.:13:41.

gunshots from the airport but not the same intensity as yesterday.

:13:42.:13:45.

There was sporadic gunfire from inside the airport compound and we

:13:46.:13:51.

understand the Ukrainian troops are largely in control of the airport

:13:52.:13:56.

base. But it seems there was some kind of clear out operation to try

:13:57.:14:02.

to flush out the last elements of rebel control from the airport. Kiev

:14:03.:14:07.

is determined the airport does not fall to the insurgents, or the

:14:08.:14:13.

terrorists, as they put it. It would really give the separatist groups

:14:14.:14:18.

here a real advantage in trying to access this region. And there is the

:14:19.:14:23.

Crimea factor, back in February when pro-Russian insurgents launch their

:14:24.:14:29.

income of Crimea which led to the annexation by Moscow a month later.

:14:30.:14:33.

When they took the airport, that was the first key based they took

:14:34.:14:35.

control of, so Kiev determined the first key based they took

:14:36.:14:41.

cow -- to clamp down. -- the first key based. Petro Poroshenko is

:14:42.:14:44.

elected and he said yesterday key based. Petro Poroshenko is

:14:45.:14:51.

and the negotiation would be over within a matter of hours

:14:52.:14:54.

and the negotiation would be over months, and you see the impact of

:14:55.:14:56.

that in this area around the Donetsk.

:14:57.:14:59.

Some of the day's of the news. The blast happened as worshippers

:15:00.:15:13.

were gathering for midday prayers in Police said at least 34 people

:15:14.:15:18.

were injured in the blast. The attack comes as Iraq's

:15:19.:15:23.

Shiite-led government struggles Lawyers for a Sudanese woman

:15:24.:15:25.

sentenced to death for apostasy, The woman who is married to

:15:26.:15:36.

a Christian was convicted earlier this month after she refused to

:15:37.:15:42.

renounce Christianity. The woman who is married to

:15:43.:15:48.

a Christian was convicted earlier US President Barack Obama is

:15:49.:15:57.

expected to announce in the next half hour, plans to leave nearly

:15:58.:16:00.

ten thousand American troops in Afghanistan even after most of the

:16:01.:16:03.

soldiers pullout later this year. They will train the Afghan army and,

:16:04.:16:06.

when necessary, British prime minister,

:16:07.:16:09.

David Cameron, says any US announcement would not

:16:10.:16:20.

affect any British decision. They may not have to risk death on a

:16:21.:16:32.

foreign field. These are the additions to the mightiest military

:16:33.:16:38.

ever known. Fresh Marines where the president has ordered men to follow.

:16:39.:16:45.

We can claim all the discipline that we have lost over the years. But for

:16:46.:16:56.

somebody reluctant to use force, the president has docked a few

:16:57.:16:59.

challenges. President Obama was only in the job for a few months when he

:17:00.:17:06.

was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Many question how it has worked out.

:17:07.:17:12.

His desire for a new relationship with Islam has had few results. The

:17:13.:17:20.

US seemed a bystander in the Islamic revolutions. Israel has been able to

:17:21.:17:25.

defy without any retribution. There was a crisis in Ukraine and the

:17:26.:17:31.

presidential pivot has -- to Asia has seen a rise in Chinese

:17:32.:17:41.

aggression. There are questions today about the United States that

:17:42.:17:46.

have not been there at times in the past and I think that creates a

:17:47.:17:51.

vacuum. In that vacuum, other people stepped in. So I am very concerned.

:17:52.:17:56.

There is a lack of a clear-sighted foreign policy in my country.

:17:57.:18:03.

Training on the job can be tough. Pity those poor Marines stuck unable

:18:04.:18:08.

to move up or down. While the President's opponents say that he

:18:09.:18:12.

sometimes seems frozen by indecision, even some friends will

:18:13.:18:15.

admit that he sometimes stumbles and he does not use the immense power of

:18:16.:18:20.

his office to dazzle all sweet talk otherworldly does. There is this

:18:21.:18:28.

widespread perception across the world that President Obama has not

:18:29.:18:35.

been leading with as much energy and vigour has its predecessors. Some of

:18:36.:18:38.

their criticism is unfair but the White House needs to deal with it.

:18:39.:18:44.

It president proud of bringing the truth home seems stung by criticism

:18:45.:18:48.

that he looks weak. He is about to fight back. The White House says

:18:49.:18:56.

that this is time to him to set out how the Americans can leave the rest

:18:57.:18:58.

of the world. India's newly elected prime

:18:59.:19:02.

minister, Narendra Modi, has held bilateral talks with

:19:03.:19:04.

his Pakistani counterpart. Following the 40-minute meeting,

:19:05.:19:06.

Nawaz Sharif said the two sides had an historic opportunity to turn

:19:07.:19:09.

a new page in relations. Mr Modi urged Mr Sharif to crack

:19:10.:19:12.

down on attacks by militants these are a reminder of the main

:19:13.:19:25.

contentious chapters in their history.

:19:26.:20:11.

It's been announced in the last few hours that voting

:20:12.:20:13.

in Egypt's presidential election will be extended for a third day.

:20:14.:20:16.

Turnout has been unexpectedly low across the country

:20:17.:20:18.

The front-runner, former army chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, is hoping

:20:19.:20:22.

He's standing against only one other candidate,

:20:23.:20:26.

The frontrunner is Abdul Alf -- Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.

:20:27.:20:37.

Day two of the election. No rush of voters. At this Cairo polling

:20:38.:20:46.

station, staff were left idle. State employees were suddenly given the

:20:47.:20:49.

day off and Egyptians were threatened with fines for staying

:20:50.:20:53.

away. But many seems to have ignored all that. At this polling station,

:20:54.:21:00.

voters are still coming and going, but it is far from crowded.

:21:01.:21:05.

Officials were not keen for us to show that. Also the authorities have

:21:06.:21:10.

not had the numbers they wanted and turnout is critical. The low 80s,

:21:11.:21:17.

the weaker the mandate. But Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's retreat is not in

:21:18.:21:24.

doubt his supporters remain in doubt -- remain sanguine. I believe in

:21:25.:21:31.

him, 1 million times over. Not 100%, 1,000,000%. This is one person

:21:32.:21:39.

refusing to vote, saying he has blood on his hands. This is the last

:21:40.:21:44.

photo off a husband, taken at a mosque last August as security

:21:45.:21:49.

forces were moving in. They brutally cleared a Muslim Brotherhood

:21:50.:21:53.

sitting, killing at least 600 protesters. But as we filmed at

:21:54.:22:00.

Yasmin, angry neighbours gathered outside, intimidating her children.

:22:01.:22:07.

They prevented us from leaving, claiming we were spies. A small

:22:08.:22:10.

example of the mistrust and bitter divisions in Asia. When the police

:22:11.:22:18.

came, we were detained, along with Yasmin, and held for almost two

:22:19.:22:27.

hours. Supporters of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi say that he will save this

:22:28.:22:31.

troubled nation but not all the nation is convinced and admit

:22:32.:22:37.

concerns about a low turnout, voting has now been extended into a third

:22:38.:22:52.

day. The greatest cycle race in the

:22:53.:22:57.

world. What effect does it have on the human body. Our correspondent

:22:58.:23:05.

has been trying to find out and he began by meeting one of Britain's

:23:06.:23:09.

cycling greats. Yorkshire born and bred, Ryan

:23:10.:23:14.

Robinson is still cycling at the age of 83. He is a true sporting icon,

:23:15.:23:21.

the first Briton to finish the Tour De France. Great, isn't it? This was

:23:22.:23:31.

Brian in 1959, finishing 20 minutes ahead of the rest of the field after

:23:32.:23:37.

a gruelling 150 mile stage. One of the biggest winning margins into

:23:38.:23:42.

history. More than half a century later, the tour is coming to

:23:43.:23:46.

Yorkshire. Brian will be there and hopes that he has more years of

:23:47.:23:52.

cycling to come. I can recommend it. They say that it puts ten years on

:23:53.:23:56.

your life. If it gives me another ten years, I will be very happy!

:23:57.:24:03.

Elite cyclists are among the fittest people on the planet. One small

:24:04.:24:07.

study suggested that they live eight years longer than the general

:24:08.:24:11.

population. But the same may not be true for the growing army of Lycra

:24:12.:24:19.

clad climbers. A climate this does not feel that good for your health.

:24:20.:24:25.

But what does this kind of injuries exercise have on the body. At the

:24:26.:24:31.

University of Kent, scientists measured my physiology by

:24:32.:24:34.

University of Kent, scientists to the limit on the

:24:35.:24:46.

University of Kent, scientists of -- INO Chris

:24:47.:24:50.

University of Kent, scientists results show that my heart health is

:24:51.:24:50.

good. results show that my heart health is

:24:51.:24:56.

cardiovascular disease results show that my heart health is

:24:57.:24:59.

also have a lower risk of mortality. So your advice to the

:25:00.:25:07.

middle aged men is to keep cycling? Keep doing what you're doing. That

:25:08.:25:15.

is my best win. Ryan Robinson is living proof of the benefits of

:25:16.:25:19.

cycling. He says that is only health problems have been when he has

:25:20.:25:25.

fallen off his bike. A reminder of our main news. The

:25:26.:25:29.

leaders of European states are dining together tonight in

:25:30.:25:34.

Brussels, their first chance to talk through the EU's priorities. Where

:25:35.:25:38.

does it go from here after the weekend's surge in support of -- for

:25:39.:25:46.

anti-EU charity -- anti-EU parties. Mr Cameron says that the EU has

:25:47.:25:51.

become too big and too interfering and we need an approach that

:25:52.:25:56.

recognises that Europe should concentrate on what matters. The

:25:57.:26:02.

French president, who was also hit by the National front in France,

:26:03.:26:07.

to tackle instability, unemployment to tackle instability, unemployment

:26:08.:26:12.

and fear. That meeting happening in Brussels tonight. It may be more of

:26:13.:26:17.

a meeting of minds we may not expect any particular pronouncements.

:26:18.:26:23.

Also, within the last hour, we have had news of more attacks in northern

:26:24.:26:26.

Nigeria. Militants are believed to have killed many people in two

:26:27.:26:32.

attacks on Monday night. Senior military people say that they know

:26:33.:26:38.

where the missing girls are, where Boko Haram is holding them. But they

:26:39.:26:44.

don't intend to go to the rescue. Thank you for joining me on

:26:45.:26:50.

programme-macro. -- on world news today.

:26:51.:26:57.

It will continue into the next few days. A bit brighter further west

:26:58.:27:10.

and the weather is coming from the east. This area of low pressure

:27:11.:27:14.

dominating Eastern Europe. These weather funds will bring persistent

:27:15.:27:17.

rain across

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