23/05/2014 World News Today


23/05/2014

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This is BBC News world today. In Ukraine, 20 armed separatists are

:00:07.:00:17.

killed, and this two days before presidential elections. The Russian

:00:18.:00:23.

president claims Ukraine is in the grip of a civil war. Ukraine insists

:00:24.:00:28.

it is not. We speak to the ambassador to the United Nations for

:00:29.:00:31.

Ukraine. Arrests in Thailand after the military coup. Election what is

:00:32.:00:39.

among those detained. She's taken to an army camp outside Bangkok. Its

:00:40.:00:46.

members are immortals, and it is France's most famous institution. We

:00:47.:00:53.

will talk to the British poet and elected member. A game of two files.

:00:54.:00:59.

We look ahead to the European Championships. It has divided

:01:00.:01:02.

loyalties across the Spanish capital. -- a game of two halves.

:01:03.:01:15.

Hello and welcome. In the past hour, Ukraine's Defence Ministry has

:01:16.:01:26.

sent up to 500 armed people in a clash lasting several hours. The

:01:27.:01:30.

ambush happened in a village near done yet is on Thursday. At 220

:01:31.:01:36.

rebels are now said to have been killed and 30 injured. -- Donetsk. A

:01:37.:01:43.

second attack then took place. While Russia's president has said Ukraine

:01:44.:01:47.

has descended into a full-scale civil war, something the interim

:01:48.:01:51.

government in Kiev denies, but he has also said that Moscow will

:01:52.:01:55.

respect the outcome of the presidential elections due to take

:01:56.:02:00.

place on Sunday. Our correspondent is in Donetsk. His report contains

:02:01.:02:05.

images some people may find upsetting.

:02:06.:02:08.

He is Ukraine's seventh-richest man, and its wealthiest MP.

:02:09.:02:12.

A billionaire who earned his fortune making chocolate.

:02:13.:02:18.

Petro Poroshenko is a political chameleon.

:02:19.:02:22.

He has worked for two presidents of opposing parties.

:02:23.:02:28.

It now looks highly likely that this is the man who will knit this

:02:29.:02:32.

A young country that's already lost Crimea,

:02:33.:02:37.

and is fighting for the eastern regions of Gdansk and Donetsk.

:02:38.:02:44.

He is not seen as a saviour, but it is clear that Ukraine needs

:02:45.:02:48.

a new president fast, and people are voting for him in

:02:49.:02:51.

the hope that he will win outright in the first round on Sunday.

:02:52.:02:58.

What can you do to try to bring Ukraine back together

:02:59.:03:01.

We have accepted in East and West that the most important thing is

:03:02.:03:07.

The trust between the president and the people.

:03:08.:03:10.

At least five more people died in fighting at a checkpoint

:03:11.:03:24.

Shootouts like this one have become a daily

:03:25.:03:30.

It is the worst kind of atmosphere for a presidential election.

:03:31.:03:38.

In Donetsk, we found scared officials returning

:03:39.:03:40.

ballot boxes two days ahead of the vote, too frightened to open

:03:41.:03:44.

This woman's husband is an election official who was

:03:45.:03:54.

detained by pro-Russian gunmen opposed to the poll yesterday.

:03:55.:03:59.

He rushed into the office and said "Stop, some guests are here and you

:04:00.:04:09.

Later, people saw him taken out in handcuffs and put on a bus.

:04:10.:04:17.

There was some hope today when the Russian president

:04:18.:04:20.

Vladimir Putin said he would respect the choice of the Ukrainian people.

:04:21.:04:25.

But it has been a week of deaths in the east, and

:04:26.:04:29.

As well as the front runner, let's tell you about other significant

:04:30.:04:47.

candidates in the presidential elections in Ukraine. The former pro

:04:48.:04:54.

Minister was jailed under the former president Bob was recently released.

:04:55.:05:00.

A billionaire from the banking sector. His stronghold is in the

:05:01.:05:04.

south-east. He wants to see more regional autonomy. There is also a

:05:05.:05:11.

former defence minister, who wants stronger links with the West. We

:05:12.:05:16.

will be talking to the Ukrainian ambassador to the United Nations in

:05:17.:05:21.

a moment. First, this is what Russia's ambassador had to say in

:05:22.:05:25.

response to viewers' questions on the BBC programme earlier today. He

:05:26.:05:31.

was asked about claims by Kiev's interim government that Russia is

:05:32.:05:35.

continuing to destabilise the situation in Ukraine. They keep

:05:36.:05:41.

trying to blame Moscow, but they are the ones who launched this military

:05:42.:05:45.

operation, so they should blame themselves for the consequences.

:05:46.:05:51.

They felt for two months in the situation after the coup after the

:05:52.:05:59.

ousting of the President, there was not much trouble in eastern part of

:06:00.:06:06.

the country. They failed to establish anything, so people became

:06:07.:06:12.

concerned about their future. They started protesting and organising a

:06:13.:06:16.

referendum on their status. It is Kiev's fault they could not get

:06:17.:06:21.

their act together. I hope the presidential election will be excess

:06:22.:06:28.

and they will be to do that. -- success. I am now joined by

:06:29.:06:35.

Ukraine's ambassador to the UK -- UN. First the presidential

:06:36.:06:38.

elections. How can people in the east of Ukraine vote then you have

:06:39.:06:42.

this insurrection going on in large part of the east? According to the

:06:43.:06:52.

Central electoral committee, we're ready to organise the elections in

:06:53.:06:57.

all of the regions, including those in trouble. Not in all the villages

:06:58.:07:05.

and cities will we be able to organise the election because of the

:07:06.:07:09.

threat of terrorists, but the majority of cities and villages in

:07:10.:07:15.

Donetsk, we are ready to give the opportunity to the people to realise

:07:16.:07:23.

their right to vote. Surely not everybody can vote in the Ukraine,

:07:24.:07:29.

by your own admission, and therefore the election can't be called

:07:30.:07:34.

legitimate and reflecting the true will for people? No, according to

:07:35.:07:45.

the Ukrainian law, it is internationally recognised that if

:07:46.:07:49.

elections take place and a transparent in a majority of regions

:07:50.:07:53.

and even partly in the regions in trouble, they will be recognised as

:07:54.:08:03.

legitimate. But what about is if the armed separatists, and you have said

:08:04.:08:08.

they don't accept this election, what are you going to do? Apparently

:08:09.:08:13.

they account for 30% of the population. First of all, who other

:08:14.:08:26.

separatists and so-called republics? They consist only 100,000 of the

:08:27.:08:35.

population. They are not legitimate to make this statement. They want to

:08:36.:08:50.

be in the United Ukraine. If the Russian Federation stopped

:08:51.:08:52.

supporting the separatists and stopped sending the armed troops in,

:08:53.:08:56.

we would succeed with these elections. We keep asking Russia not

:08:57.:09:02.

to interfere and disrupt the elections. But the president said he

:09:03.:09:07.

would respect the outcome of your presidential election. Apart from

:09:08.:09:11.

the interference you say the Russians have not withdrawing their

:09:12.:09:15.

troops from western Russia on the border with Ukraine, what are you

:09:16.:09:20.

going to do with those Ukrainians who are genuine in their grievances

:09:21.:09:24.

and say they don't want to remain part of your country? Brush aside,

:09:25.:09:29.

you have to deal with them. -- Russia aside. We need to define to

:09:30.:09:39.

the absolute word. There are people who have concern, there are people

:09:40.:09:46.

who have been misled. That's why they have been three round tables in

:09:47.:09:55.

the eastern part of Ukraine. They addressed all of the people in those

:09:56.:10:00.

regions for respect of the minority rights. This is what government is

:10:01.:10:08.

doing. Unfortunately, they are being inspired by Russian propaganda to do

:10:09.:10:14.

different things. People in eastern parts of Ukraine are well treated by

:10:15.:10:18.

the government. We have separated them from the armed separatists who

:10:19.:10:26.

are performing the crime. Let me ask you about the round table. The

:10:27.:10:33.

interim president says he will not deal with any separatists who have

:10:34.:10:37.

blood on their hands. The point I'm trying to make is this. Until you

:10:38.:10:42.

bring those armed separatists somehow into your national dialogue

:10:43.:10:47.

of all factions in your country, they will continue their armed

:10:48.:10:50.

struggle against you. Surely you have to bring them in. What

:10:51.:11:00.

government is doing is trying to approach not only the official

:11:01.:11:06.

leaders in that region, but public leaders. It is important to separate

:11:07.:11:14.

the public leaders from those who are leading these terrorist groups.

:11:15.:11:25.

How the government could speak, the so-called president of the Donetsk

:11:26.:11:29.

Republic, or the Minister of defence, who is the officer of the

:11:30.:11:36.

Russian army. But ambassador, I wasn't saying pro-Russian. Sorry to

:11:37.:11:41.

interrupt. I was saying there is a body of opinion amongst these

:11:42.:11:45.

Ukrainians in eastern Ukraine who don't necessarily want to join the

:11:46.:11:48.

Russian Federation, but I'm not happy with the government in Kiev.

:11:49.:11:52.

My point is simply this. If you don't deal with them, you accept

:11:53.:11:56.

they will be continued violence in your country? My understanding is

:11:57.:12:04.

that we need to speak with everybody who is in favour of the stability

:12:05.:12:11.

and sustainability of peace in that region, who is for a United Ukraine,

:12:12.:12:16.

who was looking at a way out of the crisis. We need to approach every

:12:17.:12:23.

person who could be helpful in the situation. This is obvious. Thank

:12:24.:12:30.

you very much for joining us live from the UN headquarters.

:12:31.:12:37.

In Thailand, where the military have detained the former Prime Minister,

:12:38.:12:40.

Yingluck Shinawatra, and members of her family, a day after

:12:41.:12:42.

She was among political leaders and government officials summoned to

:12:43.:12:46.

Soldiers have dispersed hundreds of anti-coup protesters who defied

:12:47.:12:52.

Jonathan Head reports from the Thai capital.

:12:53.:13:00.

After the take-over, the big clean-up.

:13:01.:13:03.

With the seven-month long street protest

:13:04.:13:05.

in Bangkok dispersed, the tense end stages have been dismantled.

:13:06.:13:11.

This is what they wanted, the army running the country, an

:13:12.:13:14.

elected government they condemned for abusing its power thrown out.

:13:15.:13:21.

The leaders of that government were summoned

:13:22.:13:23.

Most, including ousted prime minister Yinluck Shinawatra

:13:24.:13:28.

There has been no talk of the quick return to democratic rule.

:13:29.:13:38.

82 years ago, Thais erected this monument to commemorate the birth

:13:39.:13:41.

Yet even now, in the 21st century, it's the soldiers, not the voters,

:13:42.:13:47.

How much this, the 12th successful coup in modern Thai history, damages

:13:48.:13:54.

Tourism and most other economic sectors will

:13:55.:14:00.

Oh, and it took an hour to get from airport because

:14:01.:14:14.

But this is no answer to Thailsand's deep-rooted political divisions.

:14:15.:14:21.

It is at best a short truce, or it might inflame the conflict further.

:14:22.:14:41.

has been sentenced to 12 years for war crimes by the International

:14:42.:14:47.

crime court. He was convicted of involvement in an attack on a

:14:48.:14:52.

village in Congo. His only the second person to be sentenced by the

:14:53.:14:54.

ICC in the Hague. A court in China has sentenced to

:14:55.:15:00.

death a former mining tycoon, Liu Han. He was charged with running

:15:01.:15:03.

a gang that shot, assaulted and blackmailed its rivals and bought

:15:04.:15:05.

protection from the government. Two people are now known to have

:15:06.:15:16.

died after protests in Thursday in Turkey. Police in Istanbul used tear

:15:17.:15:17.

gas and water cannon and fired live Turkey. Police in Istanbul used tear

:15:18.:15:20.

bullet into the air to try to disperse demonstrators who were

:15:21.:15:23.

angry at the mining disaster last week which killed more than 300

:15:24.:15:29.

people. The leader of the UK Independence party, Nigel Farage,

:15:30.:15:34.

has said his party will be serious players at the 2015 general election

:15:35.:15:37.

after it made gains in council polls across England in the ballots

:15:38.:15:45.

counted so far. UKIP has gained a quarter of votes in the seat it

:15:46.:15:48.

contested. UKIP wants Britain to withdraw from the European Union and

:15:49.:15:51.

has campaigned on strict controls on immigration.

:15:52.:15:55.

It is a immigration.

:15:56.:15:57.

hundreds of thousands of immigration.

:15:58.:15:59.

around the world every year, and there is no known vaccine. Now

:16:00.:16:04.

scientists in the United States say they are a step closer to just that.

:16:05.:16:10.

In a part of Tanzania where the disease, malaria, is rife,

:16:11.:16:14.

researchers found group to children who are naturally resistant to the

:16:15.:16:23.

disease. This is a common sight in hospitals

:16:24.:16:27.

in Africa. Where every minute a child dies from malaria. But

:16:28.:16:33.

scientists have found that some children are naturally resistant to

:16:34.:16:36.

disease. And they could hold the key to developing an effective vaccine.

:16:37.:16:45.

Tests have revealed their immune system attacks the parasite,

:16:46.:16:49.

producing an antibody which tracks the organism inside red bride sells,

:16:50.:16:52.

preventing it from spreading through the body. Only 6% had this antibody

:16:53.:17:00.

and worked resistant to severe malaria. They develop it naturally

:17:01.:17:04.

through being exposed to parasites over the course of their lifetime,

:17:05.:17:09.

the two years of their life. Some of these children are able to develop

:17:10.:17:11.

this protective antibody response and the trick was finding what was

:17:12.:17:16.

the target of the antibody response. The team found that injecting a form

:17:17.:17:20.

of this antibody into mice protected the animals from malaria. It is

:17:21.:17:27.

early days, but a vaccine is much needed. Half of the worlds

:17:28.:17:31.

population, 3.4 billion people, are at risk of malaria. There are more

:17:32.:17:36.

than 200 million cases reported each year. That results in 600,000

:17:37.:17:43.

deaths, and 90% of these are in sub Saharan Africa. Experts say they are

:17:44.:17:51.

optimistic. We have made incredible progress, child deaths from malaria

:17:52.:17:55.

have cut by half in the last decade. With the current tools we have and

:17:56.:17:58.

have the potential new tools like vaccine in the pipeline, we see the

:17:59.:18:02.

very real possibility of being able to enter malaria in my lifetime and

:18:03.:18:05.

that would be an amazing achievement. This latest study is

:18:06.:18:09.

one of many avenues being explored. The hope is that by harnessing

:18:10.:18:13.

natural amenity, it could be a powerful weapon against this deadly

:18:14.:18:14.

disease. Now, Gustave Flaubert didn't make

:18:15.:18:19.

it, nor did Marcel Proust, Rene Descartes or Jean-Paul Sartre, yet

:18:20.:18:22.

a British-born academic who learned French as a schoolboy has achieved

:18:23.:18:25.

something that eluded some of the best known French writers

:18:26.:18:28.

and philosophers. Sir Michael Edwards has been

:18:29.:18:31.

accepted into the prestigious Academie Francaise, the official

:18:32.:18:34.

guardian of the French langauge. He's become its first British-born

:18:35.:18:39.

member following in the footsteps of figures like Voltaire,

:18:40.:18:43.

Victor Hugo and Louis Pasteur. We'll go live to Paris to speak to

:18:44.:18:48.

him in a moment, but first, what It has 40 members,

:18:49.:18:53.

who are known as "les immortals". The official uniform is

:18:54.:19:03.

a green habit, l'habit vert. New members are presented with

:19:04.:19:11.

a ceremonial sword. The academie rules on French

:19:12.:19:15.

words and awards literary prizes. In recent years its broadened

:19:16.:19:19.

its membership, with academicians who were born

:19:20.:19:21.

in Haiti, Algeria, Lebanon, Let's go live now and speak to Sir

:19:22.:19:40.

Michael Edwards, a lecturer in literature and he is joining us now

:19:41.:19:43.

from Paris. First of all, congratulations. Do you see the

:19:44.:19:51.

irony of a Brit winning this prestigious award? I see the paradox

:19:52.:20:00.

career. On the other hand, I did it is a sign of great generosity on the

:20:01.:20:05.

sign of the French Academy and the French media that they have elected

:20:06.:20:12.

a British person, realising that, while I am entirely English and

:20:13.:20:17.

wedded to the image language and culture, I am also entirely French,

:20:18.:20:23.

as it were. Very keen on defending the French language, and enabling it

:20:24.:20:29.

to evolve and to live. It is not your schoolboy French that got to

:20:30.:20:32.

where are. I think you have lived in France for a long time, and I

:20:33.:20:38.

believe your wife is French? My wife is French, we have lived in France

:20:39.:20:41.

since 2002. I think what got me there, as it were, is the fact that

:20:42.:20:46.

there was a moment when I decided to write, essentially, in French, both

:20:47.:20:53.

poetry and prose. Works of literature and philosophy and music

:20:54.:20:58.

and whatever. And it is that body of work in French which persuaded the

:20:59.:21:04.

academic should and that I was electable. And the fact that I am

:21:05.:21:08.

British persuaded them even more, because they like the idea of this,

:21:09.:21:16.

making a political gesture, an act of Franco British friendship. Is it

:21:17.:21:21.

friendship, or is it the French saying, look, we have this

:21:22.:21:25.

Englishman, but he is going to uphold the significance of the

:21:26.:21:28.

French language, at a time when French is under assault? Last year,

:21:29.:21:33.

we have the German president saying that English should be the language

:21:34.:21:39.

of Europe and that you should keep national languages for spirituality,

:21:40.:21:45.

he said, and perjury. -- and poetry. I think that is wrong. The only true

:21:46.:21:51.

example of an international language was that of Latin, when it was used

:21:52.:21:56.

by, let's say, intellectuals, from one country to another. But it was a

:21:57.:22:00.

dead language, there were no native speakers of Latin. Whereas now,

:22:01.:22:05.

English is spoken throughout the world by native speakers, by

:22:06.:22:11.

anglophones. And the idea of it being allowed to swamp Europe, and

:22:12.:22:17.

indeed, to swamp the world, seems to be very foolish. But it has

:22:18.:22:27.

happened, hasn't it? You are heckling a steam roller, in a way.

:22:28.:22:32.

No, no, no. What has taken over so much international Munich -ish and

:22:33.:22:40.

is not English, it is what the -- International communication is not

:22:41.:22:43.

English, it is what the Americans called global English. It is

:22:44.:22:48.

global, said people in Thailand can communicate with people in Hungary,

:22:49.:22:53.

it is not true English. It has not got the depth or emotion of

:22:54.:22:56.

English, the intimacy that someone has with their own language. I am

:22:57.:23:03.

sorry, we're running out of time. I could talk to you for ages. Very

:23:04.:23:08.

quickly, do you think, in French or English, do you well right in French

:23:09.:23:15.

as I do in English? I certainly right as well in English as I do in

:23:16.:23:20.

French. I like to think I write in French. When I write in French, I

:23:21.:23:26.

think in French, it makes me a different person, I have a different

:23:27.:23:30.

person in front of me, I have different feelings. When I write in

:23:31.:23:34.

English, I write as an Englishman. I think it is important to allow the

:23:35.:23:38.

French to be French and speak their language, which is their way of

:23:39.:23:43.

being themselves, as they think of themselves, and as they communicate

:23:44.:23:49.

one with another. Is French the language of love? Is it better to

:23:50.:23:55.

write about love in French and English? I have no idea! It is

:23:56.:24:00.

easier to write about adultery and French! -- in French on that

:24:01.:24:09.

interesting note, thanking the joining of!

:24:10.:24:12.

-- thank you for joining us. Before the football World Cup gets

:24:13.:24:15.

going in Brazil, there's still the matter of the European Champions

:24:16.:24:19.

League to be decided this weekend. The final

:24:20.:24:22.

of the world's most significant club competition takes place in Lisbon

:24:23.:24:24.

on Saturday evening and the only thing we can be sure of

:24:25.:24:26.

is that Madrid will win. It's the first time in footballing

:24:27.:24:30.

history that two teams from the same city meet in the final

:24:31.:24:33.

of the major European competition. Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid face

:24:34.:24:37.

off in the final With their home ground,

:24:38.:24:40.

the Vincente Calderon, here in the south of the city,

:24:41.:24:43.

Atletico Madrid won the Spanish league title last weekend for the

:24:44.:24:47.

first time in nearly two decades. The club have never won European

:24:48.:24:51.

football's top prize. The contrast couldn't be bigger,

:24:52.:24:56.

because here, just four miles away in the north

:24:57.:24:59.

of Madrid, at the Bernabeu Stadium, Real Madrid are hoping to win what

:25:00.:25:02.

they call la decima. Because if Real win in Lisbon,

:25:03.:25:06.

the club will take Maria supports Atletico,

:25:07.:25:10.

her boyfriend Ivan, Real. They go to the games,

:25:11.:25:26.

sit down quietly , eat snacks, Real Madrid has always been

:25:27.:25:31.

a club with a great history. And Atletico has always been a club

:25:32.:25:43.

that's fighting with little money. Once the game is over,

:25:44.:25:52.

one half of Madrid will celebrate. This is Plaza Cibeles,

:25:53.:25:55.

and that's the City Hall. And it's here where Real Madrid fans

:25:56.:25:58.

will hope to be partying come But

:25:59.:26:02.

if we travel just 500 metres south, We reach Plaza Neptuno,

:26:03.:26:06.

the place where Atletico Madrid fans hope they will be celebrating late

:26:07.:26:19.

into the night. If they can overcome

:26:20.:26:22.

their wealthy rivals Real Madrid in this very unique final

:26:23.:26:25.

of the Champions League. That was Tom Burridge in Madrid.

:26:26.:26:39.

That in this edition of the show, next it is the weather. From me, and

:26:40.:26:44.

the rest of the team, goodbye, enjoy your weekend.

:26:45.:26:55.

Good evening. It is a bank on the day weekend, so of course, the

:26:56.:27:01.

weather forecast could not be entirely straightforward. There will

:27:02.:27:03.

always be some difficulties pinpointing exactly what is

:27:04.:27:07.

happening, but I can tell you there is something for everyone. Some

:27:08.:27:10.

sunshine and some stage, some showers as well but when the sun

:27:11.:27:14.

comes out, it should feel pleasantly warm. Why the uncertainty?

:27:15.:27:18.

Low-pressure, is currently to the south of the British Isles, will be

:27:19.:27:22.

moving north and transferring the risk of showers along with

:27:23.:27:24.

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