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This is BBC News world today. In Ukraine, 20 armed separatists are
killed, and this two days before presidential elections. The Russian
president claims Ukraine is in the grip of a civil war. Ukraine insists
it is not. We speak to the ambassador to the United Nations for
Ukraine. Arrests in Thailand after the military coup. Election what is
among those detained. She's taken to an army camp outside Bangkok. Its
members are immortals, and it is France's most famous institution. We
will talk to the British poet and elected member. A game of two files.
We look ahead to the European Championships. It has divided
loyalties across the Spanish capital. -- a game of two halves.
Hello and welcome. In the past hour, Ukraine's Defence Ministry has
sent up to 500 armed people in a clash lasting several hours. The
ambush happened in a village near done yet is on Thursday. At 220
rebels are now said to have been killed and 30 injured. -- Donetsk. A
second attack then took place. While Russia's president has said Ukraine
has descended into a full-scale civil war, something the interim
government in Kiev denies, but he has also said that Moscow will
respect the outcome of the presidential elections due to take
place on Sunday. Our correspondent is in Donetsk. His report contains
images some people may find upsetting.
He is Ukraine's seventh-richest man, and its wealthiest MP.
A billionaire who earned his fortune making chocolate.
Petro Poroshenko is a political chameleon.
He has worked for two presidents of opposing parties.
It now looks highly likely that this is the man who will knit this
A young country that's already lost Crimea,
and is fighting for the eastern regions of Gdansk and Donetsk.
He is not seen as a saviour, but it is clear that Ukraine needs
a new president fast, and people are voting for him in
the hope that he will win outright in the first round on Sunday.
What can you do to try to bring Ukraine back together
We have accepted in East and West that the most important thing is
The trust between the president and the people.
At least five more people died in fighting at a checkpoint
Shootouts like this one have become a daily
It is the worst kind of atmosphere for a presidential election.
In Donetsk, we found scared officials returning
ballot boxes two days ahead of the vote, too frightened to open
This woman's husband is an election official who was
detained by pro-Russian gunmen opposed to the poll yesterday.
He rushed into the office and said "Stop, some guests are here and you
Later, people saw him taken out in handcuffs and put on a bus.
There was some hope today when the Russian president
Vladimir Putin said he would respect the choice of the Ukrainian people.
But it has been a week of deaths in the east, and
As well as the front runner, let's tell you about other significant
candidates in the presidential elections in Ukraine. The former pro
Minister was jailed under the former president Bob was recently released.
A billionaire from the banking sector. His stronghold is in the
south-east. He wants to see more regional autonomy. There is also a
former defence minister, who wants stronger links with the West. We
will be talking to the Ukrainian ambassador to the United Nations in
a moment. First, this is what Russia's ambassador had to say in
response to viewers' questions on the BBC programme earlier today. He
was asked about claims by Kiev's interim government that Russia is
continuing to destabilise the situation in Ukraine. They keep
trying to blame Moscow, but they are the ones who launched this military
operation, so they should blame themselves for the consequences.
They felt for two months in the situation after the coup after the
ousting of the President, there was not much trouble in eastern part of
the country. They failed to establish anything, so people became
concerned about their future. They started protesting and organising a
referendum on their status. It is Kiev's fault they could not get
their act together. I hope the presidential election will be excess
and they will be to do that. -- success. I am now joined by
Ukraine's ambassador to the UK -- UN. First the presidential
elections. How can people in the east of Ukraine vote then you have
this insurrection going on in large part of the east? According to the
Central electoral committee, we're ready to organise the elections in
all of the regions, including those in trouble. Not in all the villages
and cities will we be able to organise the election because of the
threat of terrorists, but the majority of cities and villages in
Donetsk, we are ready to give the opportunity to the people to realise
their right to vote. Surely not everybody can vote in the Ukraine,
by your own admission, and therefore the election can't be called
legitimate and reflecting the true will for people? No, according to
the Ukrainian law, it is internationally recognised that if
elections take place and a transparent in a majority of regions
and even partly in the regions in trouble, they will be recognised as
legitimate. But what about is if the armed separatists, and you have said
they don't accept this election, what are you going to do? Apparently
they account for 30% of the population. First of all, who other
separatists and so-called republics? They consist only 100,000 of the
population. They are not legitimate to make this statement. They want to
be in the United Ukraine. If the Russian Federation stopped
supporting the separatists and stopped sending the armed troops in,
we would succeed with these elections. We keep asking Russia not
to interfere and disrupt the elections. But the president said he
would respect the outcome of your presidential election. Apart from
the interference you say the Russians have not withdrawing their
troops from western Russia on the border with Ukraine, what are you
going to do with those Ukrainians who are genuine in their grievances
and say they don't want to remain part of your country? Brush aside,
you have to deal with them. -- Russia aside. We need to define to
the absolute word. There are people who have concern, there are people
who have been misled. That's why they have been three round tables in
the eastern part of Ukraine. They addressed all of the people in those
regions for respect of the minority rights. This is what government is
doing. Unfortunately, they are being inspired by Russian propaganda to do
different things. People in eastern parts of Ukraine are well treated by
the government. We have separated them from the armed separatists who
are performing the crime. Let me ask you about the round table. The
interim president says he will not deal with any separatists who have
blood on their hands. The point I'm trying to make is this. Until you
bring those armed separatists somehow into your national dialogue
of all factions in your country, they will continue their armed
struggle against you. Surely you have to bring them in. What
government is doing is trying to approach not only the official
leaders in that region, but public leaders. It is important to separate
the public leaders from those who are leading these terrorist groups.
How the government could speak, the so-called president of the Donetsk
Republic, or the Minister of defence, who is the officer of the
Russian army. But ambassador, I wasn't saying pro-Russian. Sorry to
interrupt. I was saying there is a body of opinion amongst these
Ukrainians in eastern Ukraine who don't necessarily want to join the
Russian Federation, but I'm not happy with the government in Kiev.
My point is simply this. If you don't deal with them, you accept
they will be continued violence in your country? My understanding is
that we need to speak with everybody who is in favour of the stability
and sustainability of peace in that region, who is for a United Ukraine,
who was looking at a way out of the crisis. We need to approach every
person who could be helpful in the situation. This is obvious. Thank
you very much for joining us live from the UN headquarters.
In Thailand, where the military have detained the former Prime Minister,
Yingluck Shinawatra, and members of her family, a day after
She was among political leaders and government officials summoned to
Soldiers have dispersed hundreds of anti-coup protesters who defied
Jonathan Head reports from the Thai capital.
After the take-over, the big clean-up.
With the seven-month long street protest
in Bangkok dispersed, the tense end stages have been dismantled.
This is what they wanted, the army running the country, an
elected government they condemned for abusing its power thrown out.
The leaders of that government were summoned
Most, including ousted prime minister Yinluck Shinawatra
There has been no talk of the quick return to democratic rule.
82 years ago, Thais erected this monument to commemorate the birth
Yet even now, in the 21st century, it's the soldiers, not the voters,
How much this, the 12th successful coup in modern Thai history, damages
Tourism and most other economic sectors will
Oh, and it took an hour to get from airport because
But this is no answer to Thailsand's deep-rooted political divisions.
It is at best a short truce, or it might inflame the conflict further.
has been sentenced to 12 years for war crimes by the International
crime court. He was convicted of involvement in an attack on a
village in Congo. His only the second person to be sentenced by the
ICC in the Hague. A court in China has sentenced to
death a former mining tycoon, Liu Han. He was charged with running
a gang that shot, assaulted and blackmailed its rivals and bought
protection from the government. Two people are now known to have
died after protests in Thursday in Turkey. Police in Istanbul used tear
gas and water cannon and fired live Turkey. Police in Istanbul used tear
bullet into the air to try to disperse demonstrators who were
angry at the mining disaster last week which killed more than 300
people. The leader of the UK Independence party, Nigel Farage,
has said his party will be serious players at the 2015 general election
after it made gains in council polls across England in the ballots
counted so far. UKIP has gained a quarter of votes in the seat it
contested. UKIP wants Britain to withdraw from the European Union and
has campaigned on strict controls on immigration.
It is a immigration.
hundreds of thousands of immigration.
around the world every year, and there is no known vaccine. Now
scientists in the United States say they are a step closer to just that.
In a part of Tanzania where the disease, malaria, is rife,
researchers found group to children who are naturally resistant to the
disease. This is a common sight in hospitals
in Africa. Where every minute a child dies from malaria. But
scientists have found that some children are naturally resistant to
disease. And they could hold the key to developing an effective vaccine.
Tests have revealed their immune system attacks the parasite,
producing an antibody which tracks the organism inside red bride sells,
preventing it from spreading through the body. Only 6% had this antibody
and worked resistant to severe malaria. They develop it naturally
through being exposed to parasites over the course of their lifetime,
the two years of their life. Some of these children are able to develop
this protective antibody response and the trick was finding what was
the target of the antibody response. The team found that injecting a form
of this antibody into mice protected the animals from malaria. It is
early days, but a vaccine is much needed. Half of the worlds
population, 3.4 billion people, are at risk of malaria. There are more
than 200 million cases reported each year. That results in 600,000
deaths, and 90% of these are in sub Saharan Africa. Experts say they are
optimistic. We have made incredible progress, child deaths from malaria
have cut by half in the last decade. With the current tools we have and
have the potential new tools like vaccine in the pipeline, we see the
very real possibility of being able to enter malaria in my lifetime and
that would be an amazing achievement. This latest study is
one of many avenues being explored. The hope is that by harnessing
natural amenity, it could be a powerful weapon against this deadly
disease. Now, Gustave Flaubert didn't make
it, nor did Marcel Proust, Rene Descartes or Jean-Paul Sartre, yet
a British-born academic who learned French as a schoolboy has achieved
something that eluded some of the best known French writers
and philosophers. Sir Michael Edwards has been
accepted into the prestigious Academie Francaise, the official
guardian of the French langauge. He's become its first British-born
member following in the footsteps of figures like Voltaire,
Victor Hugo and Louis Pasteur. We'll go live to Paris to speak to
him in a moment, but first, what It has 40 members,
who are known as "les immortals". The official uniform is
a green habit, l'habit vert. New members are presented with
a ceremonial sword. The academie rules on French
words and awards literary prizes. In recent years its broadened
its membership, with academicians who were born
in Haiti, Algeria, Lebanon, Let's go live now and speak to Sir
Michael Edwards, a lecturer in literature and he is joining us now
from Paris. First of all, congratulations. Do you see the
irony of a Brit winning this prestigious award? I see the paradox
career. On the other hand, I did it is a sign of great generosity on the
sign of the French Academy and the French media that they have elected
a British person, realising that, while I am entirely English and
wedded to the image language and culture, I am also entirely French,
as it were. Very keen on defending the French language, and enabling it
to evolve and to live. It is not your schoolboy French that got to
where are. I think you have lived in France for a long time, and I
believe your wife is French? My wife is French, we have lived in France
since 2002. I think what got me there, as it were, is the fact that
there was a moment when I decided to write, essentially, in French, both
poetry and prose. Works of literature and philosophy and music
and whatever. And it is that body of work in French which persuaded the
academic should and that I was electable. And the fact that I am
British persuaded them even more, because they like the idea of this,
making a political gesture, an act of Franco British friendship. Is it
friendship, or is it the French saying, look, we have this
Englishman, but he is going to uphold the significance of the
French language, at a time when French is under assault? Last year,
we have the German president saying that English should be the language
of Europe and that you should keep national languages for spirituality,
he said, and perjury. -- and poetry. I think that is wrong. The only true
example of an international language was that of Latin, when it was used
by, let's say, intellectuals, from one country to another. But it was a
dead language, there were no native speakers of Latin. Whereas now,
English is spoken throughout the world by native speakers, by
anglophones. And the idea of it being allowed to swamp Europe, and
indeed, to swamp the world, seems to be very foolish. But it has
happened, hasn't it? You are heckling a steam roller, in a way.
No, no, no. What has taken over so much international Munich -ish and
is not English, it is what the -- International communication is not
English, it is what the Americans called global English. It is
global, said people in Thailand can communicate with people in Hungary,
it is not true English. It has not got the depth or emotion of
English, the intimacy that someone has with their own language. I am
sorry, we're running out of time. I could talk to you for ages. Very
quickly, do you think, in French or English, do you well right in French
as I do in English? I certainly right as well in English as I do in
French. I like to think I write in French. When I write in French, I
think in French, it makes me a different person, I have a different
person in front of me, I have different feelings. When I write in
English, I write as an Englishman. I think it is important to allow the
French to be French and speak their language, which is their way of
being themselves, as they think of themselves, and as they communicate
one with another. Is French the language of love? Is it better to
write about love in French and English? I have no idea! It is
easier to write about adultery and French! -- in French on that
interesting note, thanking the joining of!
-- thank you for joining us. Before the football World Cup gets
going in Brazil, there's still the matter of the European Champions
League to be decided this weekend. The final
of the world's most significant club competition takes place in Lisbon
on Saturday evening and the only thing we can be sure of
is that Madrid will win. It's the first time in footballing
history that two teams from the same city meet in the final
of the major European competition. Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid face
off in the final With their home ground,
the Vincente Calderon, here in the south of the city,
Atletico Madrid won the Spanish league title last weekend for the
first time in nearly two decades. The club have never won European
football's top prize. The contrast couldn't be bigger,
because here, just four miles away in the north
of Madrid, at the Bernabeu Stadium, Real Madrid are hoping to win what
they call la decima. Because if Real win in Lisbon,
the club will take Maria supports Atletico,
her boyfriend Ivan, Real. They go to the games,
sit down quietly , eat snacks, Real Madrid has always been
a club with a great history. And Atletico has always been a club
that's fighting with little money. Once the game is over,
one half of Madrid will celebrate. This is Plaza Cibeles,
and that's the City Hall. And it's here where Real Madrid fans
will hope to be partying come But
if we travel just 500 metres south, We reach Plaza Neptuno,
the place where Atletico Madrid fans hope they will be celebrating late
into the night. If they can overcome
their wealthy rivals Real Madrid in this very unique final
of the Champions League. That was Tom Burridge in Madrid.
That in this edition of the show, next it is the weather. From me, and
the rest of the team, goodbye, enjoy your weekend.
Good evening. It is a bank on the day weekend, so of course, the
weather forecast could not be entirely straightforward. There will
always be some difficulties pinpointing exactly what is
happening, but I can tell you there is something for everyone. Some
sunshine and some stage, some showers as well but when the sun
comes out, it should feel pleasantly warm. Why the uncertainty?
Low-pressure, is currently to the south of the British Isles, will be
moving north and transferring the risk of showers along with