05/06/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.


Leaders of the G7 group of industrialised nations put Russia on


stop backing the rebels there or face new deeper sanctions.


It is the first meeting of the group since Russia's membership was


suspended over the annexation of Crimea. In an exclusive interview


with the BBC, the US defence secretary says Putin's actions have


united Europe and NATO. World War II veterans gather at in northern


France to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the D-Day landings.


And it took six months to write, a decade to be published and it was


the surprise winner of Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction. We talked


to the winning author Eimer McBride. Welcome to the programme. In


Brussels, leaders of the G7 group of industrialised nations have want


Russia to do more to end the crisis in Ukraine or face further sections.


President Obama said Moscow should recognise Petro Poroshenko is really


just a medley elected president of Ukraine and Russia should stop its


backing for separatists in eastern Ukraine. -- is the legitimate


elected resident. The club of the world's elite is


shrinking. Today, just seven national leaders. A family photo


tells the story of Russia's isolation. This was the grams eight


a year ago. Then, Vladimir Putin was welcome by David Cameron, but the


Russian president has been scrubbed out for now. -- this was the G8 a


year ago. President Obama made his feelings clear. Harder sanctions


will be on the wane if Russia does not stop interfering in Ukraine. Mr


President, do you see a way of opening up a path? There is a path


where Russia has the chance to talk directly with Petro Poroshenko. If


he does not, it will undermine the sovereignty of Ukraine and we will


have no choice but to respond. For now, there is no sign of an end to


the violence in Ukraine as the fight for political control goes on. One


rebel leader told the BBC that there is no going back. But when Vladimir


Putin was asked if he would talk to leaders in Ukraine, the did not roll


it out. Our correspondent is in Paris and


joins us live. Talks have shifted from Brussels to Paris. Who is


meeting who as we speak. It is rather complicated. Right now we


have a meeting between resident Obama and the French president. --


President Obama. There is an odd situation where President Hollande


is having to dinners. He is with President Obama now and later he


will talk to Putin. He has kept both leaders apart because they will not


sit down together in public. It is all part of this diplomatic to wing


and throwing which has hastily been rushed through so that tomorrow we


have the D-Day commemorations, they will be overshadowed by what's going


on. When President Hollande has another dinner with Vladimir Putin,


what will happen? France said it will maintain its sales with Russia,


despite criticism from Washington. It makes you wonder how unified that


G7 message to Putin is. When it comes to Ukraine and talking to


Poroshenko, no doubt President Hollande will be repeating the same


message that David Cameron gave to Putin. But there is this other issue


about the French sales of warships to Moscow. Moscow has said quite


definitively to France, don't think of stopping this sale because if you


do, you won't be selling anything else to us and also is a commercial


contracts will be on the line. But there is pressure from the Americans


not to go ahead with it. The French are determined to go ahead with it


because it is important to them and it is half done anyway. These are


two ships that will help the Russian military effort, for example, in the


war against Georgia two or three years ago they would have made a


difference. They are is a lot of criticism, but the French are keen


to push ahead with it because they don't get big contracts like this


everyday. Thank you very much. The US will be hoping that the G7


message to President Putin is loud and clear. In an exclusive interview


with the BBC, the US Defence Secretary said Vladimir Putin's


actions had united Europe and NATO and given them, purpose. Our


correspondence asked him first how much of a threat Russia poses to


Europe at the moment. Based on its recent actions as it is essentially


illegally annexed Crimea, put over 40,000 of its troops under Ukrainian


border, I think those actions speak very clearly on what his interests


are. We know the Russians are pulling a lot of those troops back,


but many remain. It is critically important for NATO and all the


European nations to recognise this very real threat and challenge to


their security. A lot of East European countries are nervous about


the Russian threat. Can you guarantee to NATO members in the


east of Europe that you would defend under Article five every single inch


of NATO territory? We have reassured and committed to that. We are very


responsible members of NATO. We are committed to our 27 allies in NATO.


Article five is not just a piece of paper. I said that once again in the


last two days in Brussels. The president has made it clear. Our


actions over the last few months have had some resonance on that


point as we have moved rotational troop presence in the Baltics. So if


Russia moved in, you would take action? Article five of the treaty


is very clear. If any of those members of NATO are violated or


invaded, then all of NATO, all of the 27 other members have a


responsibility to come to the defence of our partners. We, just


like the British, Germans and French have committed to this again and


again. Let us talk about Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. You spoke to his


family last night. How are they responding to be criticism in the


public surrounding their son's release? His parents are strong


people. Any of us who are parents, and I know you are one, so I might,


has that dimension to ask whereby we don't care how much we are obligated


professionally, we are a parent. I wanted to assure them we were doing


everything we could. We need to rehabilitate him and get his health


back so that he can be reunited with his family and brought back into


society. I have been the target of the criticism, so I am aware of it.


We did the right thing here. The president feels very strongly about


this and so do I. I have into warm and I know a lot about it. -- I have


been to war. Many American senators are not convinced. What was the


urgency? What made you do it without going to Congress and saying, we


want to give you a heads up? It was our judgement that his life and his


health were in peril. Imminently? It is easy for us to sit here and look


behind and say, 24 hours, 48 hours. It was our judgement, which was


unanimous by the way, we all came to the same conclusion that we did not


want to take any chances. Can you imagine if we would have waited or


taken the chance of leaks over a 30 day period? I will tell you what I


know, and I made a judgement on this as well. This would have imperilled


getting him out. You are going to testify before Congress next week.


Can you guarantee that the five detainees released from Grand Canyon


Mowbray will be detainees released from Grand Canyon


Mowbray held in the conditions that the United States would find


tolerable? -- Montana Mowbray. I was satisfied that it was all


mitigated enough that the risk for our... But the Taliban see this as a


victory. They would not have released that video otherwise. Let's


look at the bottom line. We have back in our possession our one


prisoner of war that was still outstanding. That was the US Defence


Secretary Chuck Hagel. Now some of the other news in brief. The Israeli


government has announced plans to build about the Dean hundred new


settler homes in occupied East Jerusalem -- 1500 new settler homes.


The Palestinian leadership has threatened and unprecedented


response to the settlement plan. Narendra Modi may visit Japan. There


are some proposed dates and Visic could happen as early as June. The


Indian president has a long working investment with Japan with companies


investing in which a rat where he was chief minister. China has made a


formal complaint to the US. It's regarding remarks made about ten and


square. Many of it in Hong Kong to mark the 25th anniversary of the


event, but all mention of it is forbidden in mainland China. Two


those ceremonies to mark the 70th anniversary of D-Day had begun. Many


have gone to Normandy to honour those who gave their lives in the


Second World War. This morning the Prince of Wales met some of the


survivors and laid a wreath in their honour. This afternoon one veteran


of the conflict played a special part in the commemorations.


At the iconic bridge, Prince Charles, the colonel in charge of


the Parachute Regiment, marked the loss of life in the surprise attack


that was Faisal to be D-Day landings. We give thanks to the men


of the glider regiment. In the hours before the seaborne assault, 181 men


carried in gliders targeted bridges over which German been fulsome and


could threaten Allied forces. -- German reinforcements. Then to this


cafe, which is still owned by the same family that owned injuring


D-Day. This veteran was badly wounded and returned for the first


time. asked me to get down to the first


aid post. I said, no thank you. I have never refused an order in my


life, but I said I wanted to stay on the machine-gun post. 13,000 feet


above the wartime object is, this veteran raced himself for another


job. He had helped his unit sees a nearby town. Below him, and admiring


audience watched him and his partner lands perfectly. Once I stuck my


head out the door and I got a heave from the back, I was away. We


trained for months and we landed with one purpose in mind and that


was to liberate. 300 parachutes loss and. Men from Britain, France and


Canada and the US, representing thousands who had plunged from the


darkness to protect the landing beaches. Some who took part today


had direct connections to those events. This man jumped in memory of


his grandfather. My grandfather fought in the battle. He was one of


the 20 survivors of the 100 that started the battle. There are fewer


to tell their stories now but the sights and sounds remember by the


veterans of the brotherhood who wear to tell their stories now but the


sights and sounds remember by the red array. It is an honour to be


here. sights and sounds remember by the


red array. It is an I am 91 now. I feel like I want to cry. Tomorrow,


veterans will hold their last formal parade. Some have already promised


that as long as they are able, they will return here and they will


remember. Our correspondent joins us now. What


is going on in your neck of the woods? Commemorations get underway


tomorrow. A flag will be put up tomorrow morning perhaps for the


last time. The numbers of veterans have dwindled and we are down to the


final moment where that flag can fly over this part of the beach. A


ceremony has just been undertaken. It has been a remarkable day. Where


we are, to the right of me are the beaches of Utah and Omaha, the


American beaches. And to my left of the British and Canadian beaches.


Tomorrow, it is 70 years since 155,000 Allied troops stormed these


beaches and change the course of the Second World War. It became known as


The Longest Day. You will see a lot of re-enactments of those 70 years.


But members of the Royal family will be here tomorrow for a more sombre


occasion. The focus will be on the veterans themselves and about 100 of


them will be taking the salute. The US President, Barack Obama,


has signalled his unease at the prospect of Scottish independence.


Asked about the referendum which is only three months away, the


President said the issue is one for the Scottish people but he felt that


the UK works pretty well as it is. Our correspondent Lorna Gordon is


in Glasgow. It has been dubbed the special


relationship. A decades-old military and diplomatic relationship between


the US and the UK. So any contributions about Scotland and its


future, none have been as significant as this. The United


Kingdom has been an extraordinary partner to us. From the outside at


least, it looks like things have worked pretty well. We obviously


have a deep interest in making sure that one of the closest allies that


we will ever have remains strong, robust United and an effective


partner. The US will be watching closely what happens in Scotland.


Faslane on the Clyde is home to Trident, the UK's nuclear weapons


system and the US maintains the missiles. The US have said if


Scotland were independent, there would be no nuclear weapons on


Scottish soil. I think his remarks are well judged. This is a matter


for Scottish people, it is our democratic choice. We are aware we


are in a position to make the democratic choice as a nation. But


also welcoming his comments, those campaigning to keep the union in


place. I wasn't surprised, but they will be seen as a significant


intervention in the referendum debate because they reflect what so


many of us in Scotland believe. The impact of the comments is yet


unclear. It is not obvious how this intervention will be viewed by those


deciding on how they will vote in a little over 100 days.


in Glasgow. As we reported on Wednesday, the


Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction has been won by Eimear McBride for


her debut novel 'A Girl is a Half-Formed Thing?. The prize is


awarded to any woman writing in English whatever her nationality,


age or subject matter. Eimear McBride received the award at the


Royal Festival Hall in London and joins an impressive list of winners


including Rose Tremain, Zadie Smith and Lionel Shriver.


I'm pleased to say Eimear McBride is with me.


Congratulations. You were very surprised? I was, I wasn't expect


ting it. It is a gritty novel based on a young woman's relationship with


her brother who has a brain tumour? It is close to my own heart and I


was interested in those themes of struggle and what it is like for


people in a closed society to deal with problems that can't be spoken


about. Why close to your own heart? I lost a brother to a brain tumour.


It was the beginning of the story and then I explored it in a


different way. But it is totally fiction? It is, yes. You were


praised by the judges to have a novel that stood out. What kind of


message did you want to relate to people? Part of the inventiveness of


the book is about its language and linguistic structure. What I was


interested in as a writer is create a different reading experience, so


the reader would have an unmediated experience between the protagonist


and the reader and the author would disappear from that relationship


altogether. Your fellow Irish novelist has described you as a


genius. But there are some reviews who say it is a difficult book at


the beginning to read. Are you there to please everybody or is it just


for a certain kind of reader? I would contest it is very difficult.


It is unusual on the page when you look at it, there are short


sentences and there isn't a lot of actuation beyond a full stop. But


people soon forget about the style and don't find it difficult. It took


you six months to write but nearly a decade to get published. It was


rejected a lot. There is a moral to other budding novelists, persevere?


! Publishers were possibly cynical about their readers and the ability


of their readers to be interested in challenging subjects and books


written in a challenging style. I think the success of this will


provide an incentive for publishers to be a bit more adventurous in the


future. You did remarkably well with your Debian novel, are you working


on a second one? I have been working on the second one for about five


years. It has similar themes but taken from a different. I am still


interested in language and what that can be made to do. I am evolving the


style I discovered and hopefully taking it further. You have gone


from being an actress to now becoming a novelist and clearly a


successful one. I shall go and read your book. Thank you very much.


A reminder of our main story. Leaders of the G-7 group of


industrialised nations have warned Russia to do more to end the crisis


in Ukraine or face further sanctions. President Obama said they


should recognise the newly elected President of Ukraine and Russia


should stop the backing for the separatists in eastern Ukraine.


President Putin is in Paris where he has been holding talks with G7


leaders. In an exclusive interview with the BBC, the US defence


secretary has said Vladimir Putin's actions had united Europe and NATO


and given them common purpose. He was speaking about this as well as


the recent release of the US soldier from Afghanistan. That is it for


now, next is the weather. Good night.


Thursday turned out to be a disappointing day. For many it will


feel a little bit warmer and for


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