05/06/2014 World News Today


05/06/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.

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Leaders of the G7 group of industrialised nations put Russia on

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stop backing the rebels there or face new deeper sanctions.

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It is the first meeting of the group since Russia's membership was

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suspended over the annexation of Crimea. In an exclusive interview

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with the BBC, the US defence secretary says Putin's actions have

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united Europe and NATO. World War II veterans gather at in northern

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France to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the D-Day landings.

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And it took six months to write, a decade to be published and it was

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the surprise winner of Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction. We talked

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to the winning author Eimer McBride. Welcome to the programme. In

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Brussels, leaders of the G7 group of industrialised nations have want

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Russia to do more to end the crisis in Ukraine or face further sections.

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President Obama said Moscow should recognise Petro Poroshenko is really

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just a medley elected president of Ukraine and Russia should stop its

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backing for separatists in eastern Ukraine. -- is the legitimate

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elected resident. The club of the world's elite is

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shrinking. Today, just seven national leaders. A family photo

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tells the story of Russia's isolation. This was the grams eight

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a year ago. Then, Vladimir Putin was welcome by David Cameron, but the

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Russian president has been scrubbed out for now. -- this was the G8 a

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year ago. President Obama made his feelings clear. Harder sanctions

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will be on the wane if Russia does not stop interfering in Ukraine. Mr

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President, do you see a way of opening up a path? There is a path

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where Russia has the chance to talk directly with Petro Poroshenko. If

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he does not, it will undermine the sovereignty of Ukraine and we will

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have no choice but to respond. For now, there is no sign of an end to

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the violence in Ukraine as the fight for political control goes on. One

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rebel leader told the BBC that there is no going back. But when Vladimir

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Putin was asked if he would talk to leaders in Ukraine, the did not roll

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it out. Our correspondent is in Paris and

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joins us live. Talks have shifted from Brussels to Paris. Who is

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meeting who as we speak. It is rather complicated. Right now we

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have a meeting between resident Obama and the French president. --

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President Obama. There is an odd situation where President Hollande

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is having to dinners. He is with President Obama now and later he

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will talk to Putin. He has kept both leaders apart because they will not

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sit down together in public. It is all part of this diplomatic to wing

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and throwing which has hastily been rushed through so that tomorrow we

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have the D-Day commemorations, they will be overshadowed by what's going

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on. When President Hollande has another dinner with Vladimir Putin,

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what will happen? France said it will maintain its sales with Russia,

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despite criticism from Washington. It makes you wonder how unified that

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G7 message to Putin is. When it comes to Ukraine and talking to

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Poroshenko, no doubt President Hollande will be repeating the same

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message that David Cameron gave to Putin. But there is this other issue

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about the French sales of warships to Moscow. Moscow has said quite

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definitively to France, don't think of stopping this sale because if you

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do, you won't be selling anything else to us and also is a commercial

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contracts will be on the line. But there is pressure from the Americans

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not to go ahead with it. The French are determined to go ahead with it

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because it is important to them and it is half done anyway. These are

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two ships that will help the Russian military effort, for example, in the

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war against Georgia two or three years ago they would have made a

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difference. They are is a lot of criticism, but the French are keen

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to push ahead with it because they don't get big contracts like this

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everyday. Thank you very much. The US will be hoping that the G7

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message to President Putin is loud and clear. In an exclusive interview

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with the BBC, the US Defence Secretary said Vladimir Putin's

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actions had united Europe and NATO and given them, purpose. Our

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correspondence asked him first how much of a threat Russia poses to

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Europe at the moment. Based on its recent actions as it is essentially

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illegally annexed Crimea, put over 40,000 of its troops under Ukrainian

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border, I think those actions speak very clearly on what his interests

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are. We know the Russians are pulling a lot of those troops back,

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but many remain. It is critically important for NATO and all the

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European nations to recognise this very real threat and challenge to

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their security. A lot of East European countries are nervous about

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the Russian threat. Can you guarantee to NATO members in the

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east of Europe that you would defend under Article five every single inch

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of NATO territory? We have reassured and committed to that. We are very

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responsible members of NATO. We are committed to our 27 allies in NATO.

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Article five is not just a piece of paper. I said that once again in the

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last two days in Brussels. The president has made it clear. Our

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actions over the last few months have had some resonance on that

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point as we have moved rotational troop presence in the Baltics. So if

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Russia moved in, you would take action? Article five of the treaty

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is very clear. If any of those members of NATO are violated or

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invaded, then all of NATO, all of the 27 other members have a

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responsibility to come to the defence of our partners. We, just

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like the British, Germans and French have committed to this again and

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again. Let us talk about Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. You spoke to his

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family last night. How are they responding to be criticism in the

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public surrounding their son's release? His parents are strong

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people. Any of us who are parents, and I know you are one, so I might,

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has that dimension to ask whereby we don't care how much we are obligated

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professionally, we are a parent. I wanted to assure them we were doing

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everything we could. We need to rehabilitate him and get his health

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back so that he can be reunited with his family and brought back into

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society. I have been the target of the criticism, so I am aware of it.

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We did the right thing here. The president feels very strongly about

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this and so do I. I have into warm and I know a lot about it. -- I have

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been to war. Many American senators are not convinced. What was the

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urgency? What made you do it without going to Congress and saying, we

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want to give you a heads up? It was our judgement that his life and his

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health were in peril. Imminently? It is easy for us to sit here and look

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behind and say, 24 hours, 48 hours. It was our judgement, which was

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unanimous by the way, we all came to the same conclusion that we did not

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want to take any chances. Can you imagine if we would have waited or

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taken the chance of leaks over a 30 day period? I will tell you what I

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know, and I made a judgement on this as well. This would have imperilled

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getting him out. You are going to testify before Congress next week.

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Can you guarantee that the five detainees released from Grand Canyon

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Mowbray will be detainees released from Grand Canyon

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Mowbray held in the conditions that the United States would find

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tolerable? -- Montana Mowbray. I was satisfied that it was all

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mitigated enough that the risk for our... But the Taliban see this as a

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victory. They would not have released that video otherwise. Let's

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look at the bottom line. We have back in our possession our one

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prisoner of war that was still outstanding. That was the US Defence

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Secretary Chuck Hagel. Now some of the other news in brief. The Israeli

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government has announced plans to build about the Dean hundred new

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settler homes in occupied East Jerusalem -- 1500 new settler homes.

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The Palestinian leadership has threatened and unprecedented

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response to the settlement plan. Narendra Modi may visit Japan. There

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are some proposed dates and Visic could happen as early as June. The

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Indian president has a long working investment with Japan with companies

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investing in which a rat where he was chief minister. China has made a

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formal complaint to the US. It's regarding remarks made about ten and

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square. Many of it in Hong Kong to mark the 25th anniversary of the

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event, but all mention of it is forbidden in mainland China. Two

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those ceremonies to mark the 70th anniversary of D-Day had begun. Many

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have gone to Normandy to honour those who gave their lives in the

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Second World War. This morning the Prince of Wales met some of the

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survivors and laid a wreath in their honour. This afternoon one veteran

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of the conflict played a special part in the commemorations.

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At the iconic bridge, Prince Charles, the colonel in charge of

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the Parachute Regiment, marked the loss of life in the surprise attack

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that was Faisal to be D-Day landings. We give thanks to the men

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of the glider regiment. In the hours before the seaborne assault, 181 men

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carried in gliders targeted bridges over which German been fulsome and

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could threaten Allied forces. -- German reinforcements. Then to this

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cafe, which is still owned by the same family that owned injuring

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D-Day. This veteran was badly wounded and returned for the first

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time. asked me to get down to the first

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aid post. I said, no thank you. I have never refused an order in my

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life, but I said I wanted to stay on the machine-gun post. 13,000 feet

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above the wartime object is, this veteran raced himself for another

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job. He had helped his unit sees a nearby town. Below him, and admiring

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audience watched him and his partner lands perfectly. Once I stuck my

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head out the door and I got a heave from the back, I was away. We

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trained for months and we landed with one purpose in mind and that

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was to liberate. 300 parachutes loss and. Men from Britain, France and

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Canada and the US, representing thousands who had plunged from the

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darkness to protect the landing beaches. Some who took part today

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had direct connections to those events. This man jumped in memory of

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his grandfather. My grandfather fought in the battle. He was one of

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the 20 survivors of the 100 that started the battle. There are fewer

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to tell their stories now but the sights and sounds remember by the

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veterans of the brotherhood who wear to tell their stories now but the

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sights and sounds remember by the red array. It is an honour to be

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here. sights and sounds remember by the

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red array. It is an I am 91 now. I feel like I want to cry. Tomorrow,

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veterans will hold their last formal parade. Some have already promised

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that as long as they are able, they will return here and they will

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remember. Our correspondent joins us now. What

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is going on in your neck of the woods? Commemorations get underway

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tomorrow. A flag will be put up tomorrow morning perhaps for the

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last time. The numbers of veterans have dwindled and we are down to the

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final moment where that flag can fly over this part of the beach. A

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ceremony has just been undertaken. It has been a remarkable day. Where

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we are, to the right of me are the beaches of Utah and Omaha, the

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American beaches. And to my left of the British and Canadian beaches.

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Tomorrow, it is 70 years since 155,000 Allied troops stormed these

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beaches and change the course of the Second World War. It became known as

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The Longest Day. You will see a lot of re-enactments of those 70 years.

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But members of the Royal family will be here tomorrow for a more sombre

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occasion. The focus will be on the veterans themselves and about 100 of

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them will be taking the salute. The US President, Barack Obama,

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has signalled his unease at the prospect of Scottish independence.

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Asked about the referendum which is only three months away, the

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President said the issue is one for the Scottish people but he felt that

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the UK works pretty well as it is. Our correspondent Lorna Gordon is

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in Glasgow. It has been dubbed the special

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relationship. A decades-old military and diplomatic relationship between

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the US and the UK. So any contributions about Scotland and its

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future, none have been as significant as this. The United

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Kingdom has been an extraordinary partner to us. From the outside at

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least, it looks like things have worked pretty well. We obviously

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have a deep interest in making sure that one of the closest allies that

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we will ever have remains strong, robust United and an effective

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partner. The US will be watching closely what happens in Scotland.

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Faslane on the Clyde is home to Trident, the UK's nuclear weapons

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system and the US maintains the missiles. The US have said if

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Scotland were independent, there would be no nuclear weapons on

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Scottish soil. I think his remarks are well judged. This is a matter

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for Scottish people, it is our democratic choice. We are aware we

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are in a position to make the democratic choice as a nation. But

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also welcoming his comments, those campaigning to keep the union in

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place. I wasn't surprised, but they will be seen as a significant

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intervention in the referendum debate because they reflect what so

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many of us in Scotland believe. The impact of the comments is yet

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unclear. It is not obvious how this intervention will be viewed by those

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deciding on how they will vote in a little over 100 days.

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in Glasgow. As we reported on Wednesday, the

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Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction has been won by Eimear McBride for

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her debut novel 'A Girl is a Half-Formed Thing?. The prize is

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awarded to any woman writing in English whatever her nationality,

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age or subject matter. Eimear McBride received the award at the

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Royal Festival Hall in London and joins an impressive list of winners

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including Rose Tremain, Zadie Smith and Lionel Shriver.

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I'm pleased to say Eimear McBride is with me.

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Congratulations. You were very surprised? I was, I wasn't expect

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ting it. It is a gritty novel based on a young woman's relationship with

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her brother who has a brain tumour? It is close to my own heart and I

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was interested in those themes of struggle and what it is like for

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people in a closed society to deal with problems that can't be spoken

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about. Why close to your own heart? I lost a brother to a brain tumour.

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It was the beginning of the story and then I explored it in a

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different way. But it is totally fiction? It is, yes. You were

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praised by the judges to have a novel that stood out. What kind of

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message did you want to relate to people? Part of the inventiveness of

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the book is about its language and linguistic structure. What I was

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interested in as a writer is create a different reading experience, so

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the reader would have an unmediated experience between the protagonist

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and the reader and the author would disappear from that relationship

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altogether. Your fellow Irish novelist has described you as a

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genius. But there are some reviews who say it is a difficult book at

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the beginning to read. Are you there to please everybody or is it just

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for a certain kind of reader? I would contest it is very difficult.

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It is unusual on the page when you look at it, there are short

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sentences and there isn't a lot of actuation beyond a full stop. But

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people soon forget about the style and don't find it difficult. It took

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you six months to write but nearly a decade to get published. It was

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rejected a lot. There is a moral to other budding novelists, persevere?

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! Publishers were possibly cynical about their readers and the ability

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of their readers to be interested in challenging subjects and books

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written in a challenging style. I think the success of this will

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provide an incentive for publishers to be a bit more adventurous in the

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future. You did remarkably well with your Debian novel, are you working

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on a second one? I have been working on the second one for about five

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years. It has similar themes but taken from a different. I am still

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interested in language and what that can be made to do. I am evolving the

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style I discovered and hopefully taking it further. You have gone

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from being an actress to now becoming a novelist and clearly a

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successful one. I shall go and read your book. Thank you very much.

:25:50.:25:58.

A reminder of our main story. Leaders of the G-7 group of

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industrialised nations have warned Russia to do more to end the crisis

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in Ukraine or face further sanctions. President Obama said they

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should recognise the newly elected President of Ukraine and Russia

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should stop the backing for the separatists in eastern Ukraine.

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President Putin is in Paris where he has been holding talks with G7

:26:22.:26:26.

leaders. In an exclusive interview with the BBC, the US defence

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secretary has said Vladimir Putin's actions had united Europe and NATO

:26:33.:26:41.

and given them common purpose. He was speaking about this as well as

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the recent release of the US soldier from Afghanistan. That is it for

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now, next is the weather. Good night.

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Thursday turned out to be a disappointing day. For many it will

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feel a little bit warmer and for

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